Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 1367
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Lewis S L - - 2004
Several widespread changes in the ecology of old-growth tropical forests have recently been documented for the late twentieth century, in particular an increase in stem turnover (pan-tropical), and an increase in above-ground biomass (neotropical). Whether these changes are synchronous and whether changes in growth are also occurring is not known. ...
Verspyck E - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Genetic thrombophilia may represent a new risk factor for obstetrical complications. The aim of the study was to determine which subgroups may be associated with genetic thrombophilia for small for gestational age infants (SGA). METHODS: A case-control study was performed in three different maternity wards in Normandy. Cases (n=203) ...
Kuszak J R - - 2004
This review qualitatively and quantitatively compares the gross shape and size of lenses from different species as a function of their fibre cell organization. Grossly, all vertebrate lenses are asymmetrical, oblate spheroids with size and spheroidicity that varies considerably between species. Correlative LM and SEM analysis of the basic structural ...
Berkowitz Gertrud S - - 2004
Although the use of pesticides in inner-city homes of the United States is of considerable magnitude, little is known about the potentially adverse health effects of such exposure. Recent animal data suggest that exposure to pesticides during pregnancy and early life may impair growth and neurodevelopment in the offspring. To ...
Neufeld L M - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To describe the fetal growth pattern of a population from rural Guatemala and determine when during gestation growth faltering becomes evident. METHODS: Ultrasound examinations were conducted for 319 women. Femur length (FL), biparietal diameter (BPD), abdominal (AC) and head circumference (HC) were compared with reference values. RESULTS: FL and ...
Ofuya, Z M; ;
The growth pattern of two hundred and fifty infants attending the University of Port Harcourt, Primary Health Care Centre, Aluu was studied. Infant's aged 0 – 4 months had a growth curve similar to that of National Centre for Health Statistics 50th centile standard. After this age, the growth pattern ...
Malaeb Shadi N - - 2004
Prolonged maternal magnesium sulphate infusion therapy for tocolysis of premature labour may result in secondary fetal hypermagnesaemia, which has been associated with bony abnormalities in the newborn. We report on four infants, members of two twin pregnancies, who were exposed to prolonged fetal hypermagnesaemia. Three of the infants, all appropriate ...
Austgulen Rigmor - - 2004
The present investigation was undertaken to study the association between placental apoptosis and pre-eclampsia, discriminating between pre-eclamptic pregnancies with appropriate-, and small-for-gestational-age (SGA), infants. Twenty pregnancies with pre-eclampsia and SGA (birth weight at or below -2 standard deviations) infants were selected in a retrospective study. Subsequently, corresponding numbers of gestational ...
Hellström Ann - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) resulting in low birth weight for gestational age may predispose one to development of cardiovascular disease later in life. Abnormal fetal blood flow in the presence of fetal growth restriction helps to distinguish infants with true fetal growth impairment from small but normal infants. Our ...
Miner John B - - 2004
A recent article (W. H. Stewart & P. L. Roth, 2001) in the Journal of Applied Psychology presented the conclusion from meta-analysis that entrepreneurs have a higher risk propensity than managers and that this propensity is particularly pronounced among the growth-oriented. A previously unresolved question was said to be laid ...
Tardif Suzette D - - 2004
The present study characterizes the relations among maternal condition, litter size, birth condition, and growth in body weight for a population of common marmosets. The subjects of the study were marmosets born into a single colony between 1994 and 2001. Three sets of analyses were conducted to answer the following ...
Lorch Scott A - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To identify the prevalence of "benign" extra-axial fluid (BEAF), the risk factors associated with this condition, and the natural history in "graduates" of neonatal intensive care. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Neonatal follow-up clinic at a tertiary care center. PATIENTS: Seventy-seven infants with a head circumference greater than the 95th ...
Makhoul Imad R - - 2004
Assessing the impact of restricted intrauterine growth on neonatal frontal lobe (FL) dimensions is important. We aimed to create a sonographic nomogram of FL dimensions in neonates at different gestational ages (GA) and evaluate the impact of small head circumference (HC) on FL dimensions. We conducted sonographic biometry of the ...
De Blasio, Miles Jonathon
Intrauterine Growth Restriction (IUGR) is evident in infants born with a reduced weight or length, and/or increased thinness for gestational age. IUGR is associated with altered postnatal growth and regulation, due to unknown mechanisms. Much clinical IUGR results from the reduced delivery of essential substrates (oxygen and nutrients) to the ...
Zuk Luba - - 2004
Intrauterine growth retardation plays a significant role in neurodevelopmental outcome. The assessment of general movements during the first 20 weeks is a new method for early detection of brain dysfunction. General movements in 31 infants with asymmetric intrauterine growth retardation and their appropriate for gestational age-matched controls were examined. General ...
Blickstein Isaac - - 2004
The aim of the study was to examine the ponderal index in small for gestational age (SGA) triplets. Prospectively collected data from a cohort of triplets born at 28 to 37 weeks were analyzed. A low neonatal ponderal index (birth weight/[length]3) was defined as less than 1 SD below the ...
Jiang Z D - - 2004
AIM: To clarify further the influence of intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) on early neural development. METHODS: In 30 small-for-gestational age (SGA) preterm infants at term, brainstem auditory-evoked responses (BAERs) were recorded with clicks of different repetition rates. All infants had a birthweight < 3rd centile, without any other major perinatal ...
Filippi L - - 2004
Inborn metabolic diseases, such as disorders in pyruvate metabolism, in gluconeogenesis or in the respiratory chain, may present with lactic acidosis in newborn infants. A simple tool to screen for the efficacy of mitochondrial oxidation reduction activity is the detection of the redox status through simultaneous measurements of plasma lactate, ...
Sezik Mekin - - 2004
To evaluate the independent contribution of absent or reversed end-diastolic umbilical artery Doppler flow (AREDF) in the prediction of subsequent adverse neonatal outcomes, we performed Doppler examinations on 270 preeclamptic women with a singleton pregnancy. The end-point variables were low Apgar scores and adverse neonatal outcomes (respiratory distress syndrome, intracranial ...
Harrington Tracey A M - - 2004
Regional differences in adipose tissue distribution are associated with differences in adipocyte metabolism and obesity-related morbidities. Intrauterine growth restriction appears to place individuals at greater risk of obesity associated morbidities in later life. Despite this, little is known regarding the quantity and distribution of adipose tissue in infants during early ...
Fenton Tanis R - - 2003
The Babson and Benda 1976 "fetal-infant growth graph" for preterm infants is commonly used in neonatal intensive care. Its limits include the small sample size which provides low confidence in the extremes of the data, the 26 weeks start and the 500 gram graph increments. The purpose of this study ...
Schwärzler P - - 2003
We present a case of recurrent primary developmental microcephaly of late onset, the prenatal diagnosis of which could not be achieved despite performing targeted serial ultrasound scans that revealed no obvious fetal abnormality. Serial scans for head measurements and detailed examination of the brain anatomy by both transabdominal and transvaginal ...
Kim Tae Im - - 2003
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a multisensory intervention on the physical growth and health of Korean orphaned infants. Fifty-eight full-term infants were randomly assigned to a control (n = 28) or an experimental (n = 30) group within 14 days postbirth. In addition to ...
Lundgren E M - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to study the effect of catch-up growth on the offspring's length at birth among females born short for gestational age. METHODS: Data of 1,363 females born short for gestational age (<-2 standard deviation scores) were obtained from the Swedish Birth Register. The ...
Ronnenberg Alayne G - - 2003
Low maternal prepregnancy BMI is associated with adverse birth outcomes, but the BMI at which risk increases is not well defined. We assessed whether the relationship between prepregnancy BMI and birth outcomes is influenced by the extent to which mothers were underweight in a prospective study in Anhui, China. The ...
Thorsdottir I - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of birth size, growth and feeding in infancy on serum lipids in 12-month-old infants. DESIGN: A longitudinal observation study on infants' consumption and growth. Food and growth records were made every month. At 6, 9 and 12 months, food records were weighed to calculate intake. ...
Lundgren E M - - 2003
AIM: To study the effect of size at birth on different dimensions of intellectual capacity. METHODS: The study comprised a population-based cohort including all male single births without congenital malformations in Sweden from 1973 to 1976, and conscripted before 1994 (n = 168 068). Information from the Swedish Birth Register ...
Gortner Ludwig - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of small for gestational age (SGA) in preterm infants on growth and development until the age of 22 months. STUDY DESIGN: Seventy-four preterm infants being born SGA (birth weight <10th percentile) were compared with 74 appropriate for gestational age (AGA) infants matched prospectively according to ...
Krugman Scott D - - 2003
Failure to thrive is a condition commonly seen by primary care physicians. Prompt diagnosis and intervention are important for preventing malnutrition and developmental sequelae. Medical and social factors often contribute to failure to thrive. Either extreme of parental attention (neglect or hypervigilance) can lead to failure to thrive. About 25 ...
Argyle J - - 2003
One of the purposes of monitoring a child's weight or height is to detect growth faltering. In infancy the focus is on monitoring weight gain, primarily for detecting infants at risk of failure-to-thrive. In childhood, this switches to height gain, e.g. the response of a child that is growth hormone ...
Ernst Kimberly D - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To assess nutritional intakes and subsequent growth of extremely low birth-weight (BW) infants. STUDY DESIGN: Chart review of 69 extremely low BW infants stratified into two groups by BW: < or =750 g (group 1; n=27) or 751 to 1000 g (group 2; n=42). Dietary intakes, weights, and head ...
Munns C F J - - 2003
This study was designed to determine the intrafamilial effect of SHOX haploinsufficiency on stature, by comparing the growth and phenotype of 26 SHOX haploinsufficient individuals with 45 relatives and population standards. It confirmed that SHOX haploinsufficiency leads to growth restriction from birth to final height. Compared to unaffected siblings, the ...
Dusick Anna M - - 2003
Postnatal growth failure is extremely common in the very low birth weight and extremely low birth weight infant. Recent data from the National Institute of Child and Human Development (NICHD) Neonatal Research Network indicates that 16% of extremely low birth weight infants are small for gestational age at birth, but ...
Mommaerts Maurice Y - - 2003
AIM: The behaviour of a neurocranial suture autograft in a plagiocephalic infant is described. PATIENT AND METHODS: In a 7-month-old girl, born with right-sided unicoronal synostosis, part of the left-sided unicoronal suture was transplanted to the right-sided synostosectomy site. Also, in the pathological area, the periosteal 'layer' of the dura ...
Neumann Dietrich - - 2003
The growth of bivalve gills proceeds at the posterior end of the gill from a meristem-like budding zone, that is, an undifferentiated terminal organ, which continuously proliferates new gill elements in growing bivalves. In representatives of protobranch, filibranch, and eulamellibranch gills (13 species from Protobranchia, Pteriomorphia, Palaeoheterodonta, and Heterodonta), the ...
O'Keeffe Michael J - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the presence, severity, or symmetry of growth restriction in term infants is an independent risk factor for learning, cognitive, and attentional problems in adolescence. METHODS: A total of 7388 term infants have been followed prospectively since birth. At 14 years, 5059 mothers completed a Child Behavior ...
Courchesne Eric E Department of Neuroscience, School of Medicine, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, USA. - - 2003
Autism most commonly appears by 2 to 3 years of life, at which time the brain is already abnormally large. This raises the possibility that brain overgrowth begins much earlier, perhaps before the first clinically noticeable behavioral symptoms. To determine whether pathological brain overgrowth precedes the first clinical signs of ...
Kurl Sangita - - 2003
In this prospective study we examined (1) how the nutritional status of very preterm infants, judged by growth measures and biochemical values, evolved during the initial hospitalization; (2) the effect of feeding on growth after discharge from hospital; and (3) the risk factors associated with low lumbar bone mineral content ...
Radmacher Paula G - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Long-term growth failure in very very low birth weight (VVLBW) infants is a common complication of extreme prematurity. Critical illnesses create challenges to adequate nutriture. PURPOSE: To identify predictors of extrauterine growth retardation (EUGR) in VVLBW infants and to evaluate their nutritional intake and subsequent growth. STUDY DESIGN: A ...
Nakano Junji - - 2003
A 28-year-old patient presented with severe intrauterine fetal growth retardation (IUGR) at 34 weeks' gestation. There was a prior history of a recurrent cutaneous ulcer on the left thigh. Serological tests for IgG anticardiolipin antibody were positive. A live premature male infant was delivered by an urgent cesarean section because ...
Skalkidou A - - 2003
There is adequate evidence that growth during the perinatal period is linked to the risk of several adult onset diseases, and recent findings indicate that the insulin-like growth factor (IGF) system is involved in prenatal growth, as reflected in birthweight. However, whether major components of the IGF system are involved ...
Mehle Mark E - - 2003
Nasal steroids have emerged as an integral part of rhinitis management. Most studies have shown no evidence of significant hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis suppression from nasal steroid use, at least based on dynamic testing. Bone mineral density loss, glaucoma, and cataract formation are risks associated with systemic steroids, but reports with nasal ...
Gilbert William M - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to examine the incidence of intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) and neonatal outcomes of pregnancies delivered from 26 to 41 weeks' gestation. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective review of a linked database of all deliveries in California in 1994 through 1996 that were reported to the Office ...
Moursi M - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of the incorporation of amylase in maize-based flours prepared as gruels on the energy intake and growth of Congolese infants. DESIGN: A randomised controlled trial. At 18 weeks of age, infants were randomised into either an intervention group, where they were provided with a maize/soya-based ...
Brandt Ingeborg - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To examine the influence of postnatal energy quotient (EQ, energy intake/kg body weight per day) on head circumference (HC) growth and mental development of very low birth weight (VLBW), small for gestational age (SGA, <10th percentile) preterm infants. STUDY DESIGN: SGA VLBW preterm infants (n = 46) with primarily ...
Clark Reese H - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Poor growth is a common problem in premature neonates and may be associated with neurodevelopmental delay. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the incidence of extrauterine growth restriction (growth values < or =10th percentile of intrauterine growth expectation based on estimated postmenstrual age in premature (23-34 weeks' estimated gestational age) neonates at ...
Fall Caroline H D - - 2003
Fetal undernutrition affects large numbers of infants in developing countries, with adverse consequences for their immediate survival and lifelong health. It manifests as intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR), defined as birth weight <10th percentile, which probably underestimates the number failing to achieve full growth potential. Birth weight is a crude measure ...
de Onis M - - 2003
AIM: To evaluate the performance of the 2000 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) growth charts in comparison with the National Center for Health Statistics/World Health Organization (NCHS/WHO) reference as a tool for assessing growth in healthy breastfed infants. METHODS: Weight and length measurements were obtained from a pooled ...
Sherry Bettylou - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To determine the best available growth reference for evaluating the growth status of very low birth weight (VLBW; < or =1500 g) infants in the United States. METHODS: We evaluated currently available growth references for VLBW infants in studies by Casey (Infant Health and Development Program [IHDP]), Brandt, Gairdner ...
Fewtrell Mary S - - 2003
Preterm infants are frequently discharged from hospital growth retarded and show reduced growth during childhood. However, nutrition during the post-discharge period has been neglected. Randomized trials show growth benefits, particularly in boys, when nutrient-enriched diets (preterm formula or post-discharge formula) rather than term formula are fed after discharge, with effects ...
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