Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1360
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Akarsu Saadet - - 2005
The rare condition in which one side of the body seems to grow faster than the other is called hemihypertrophy. This may be accepted as normal, but there are certain serious conditions that may be associated with this type of growth pattern. Congenital hypertrichosis is believed to be a genetic ...
Baulon Emmanuelle - - 2005
BACKGROUND: No previous studies have examined the effect of pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) on early infant growth. The objective was to study infant growth patterns of babies born to mothers with PIH at 28 and 42 days postpartum. METHODS: DESIGN: We conducted a population-based retrospective cohort study of 16,936 pregnancies delivered ...
Ayatollahi S M T - - 2005
This paper presents growth velocity data for a cohort of 317 infants (164 girls and 153 boys) born in Shiraz, southern Iran, in 1996 and followed longitudinally for 2 years. The growth velocity of five anthropometric measurements (height, weight, arm, head, and chest circumferences) declined rapidly from 2 weeks to ...
Bhatia Jatinder - - 2005
The ever-increasing survival of premature and extremely low birth weight infants has posed a great challenge to neonatologists and nutritionists. While nutrient requirements are still being defined, there is a great need to continue to improve our strategies for providing effective nutrition for these infants. Similarly, postdischarge nutritional issues need ...
Cooke Richard - - 2005
Postnatal growth retardation appears inevitable in preterm infants. This partly reflects an inability to establish adequate dietary intakes in a timely fashion in the sick, unstable immature infant. However, it may also reflect inherent errors in current recommendation as well as systematic errors in the way nutrient requirements are estimated ...
Otaigbe B E - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Some authors demonstrate that exclusively breastfed infants have growth patterns comparable with the NCHS standards while others conclude that exclusively breastfed infants grow slower. These conflicting results informed the need for this study to aid the paediatricians and health workers to justify or condemn the recommendation of exclusive breastfeeding ...
Malamitsi-Puchner Ariadne - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To study the impact of intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) on anti-angiogenesis, by determining and comparing circulating levels of the potent anti-angiogenic factor endostatin, in full-term IUGR (under the 10th customized centile) and appropriate for gestational age (AGA) fetuses, neonates, as well as their mothers, granted that IUGR implies hypoxia ...
Manzar Shabih - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Appropriate fetal brain growth depends upon the cerebral blood flow (CBF). Different congenital heart defects (CHDs), due to the difference in anatomy and physiology, alter the intrauterine CBF. Thus, variable brain growth is expected in different CHDs that is reflected by variability in the head circumference (HC) at birth. ...
Barker D J P - - 2005
Among 4630 boys, irrespective of the social class into which they were born, those who grew slowly during infancy had poor educational achievements and had lower incomes than those who grew more rapidly. One interpretation of this is that biological processes linked to slow infant growth may lead to lifelong ...
Coverston Catherine R - - 2005
Extrauterine growth restriction (EGR) is an identifiable marker of severe nutritional deficit during the first weeks of life. Infants with EGR have growth values at or below the 10th percentile of intrauterine growth expectation based on estimated gestational age. Although all preterm sick infants are at risk for EGR, risk ...
Tantracheewathorn Supapan - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To compare the growth patterns of breast-fed (BF) and formula-fed (FF) infants with national growth references of Thai children and to determine whether the Thai growth references can be used to assess growth of BF infants who were fed according to Thai guidelines of infant feeding. DESIGN: Cohort study. ...
Carver Jane D - - 2005
Preterm infants accrue significant nutrient deficits during hospitalization, and at the time of discharge most VLBW preterm infants have moderate to severe growth failure. Infants with significant morbidities and infants with ELBW have more severe growth failure since they regain birth weight at a later age, and they gain weight ...
Cortes Raul A - - 2005
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Fetal tracheal occlusion (TO) was developed in an attempt to enhance prenatal lung growth and improve survival in fetuses with severe congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). We conducted a randomized, controlled clinical trial in 24 fetuses with severe left CDH (liver herniated into the thorax and low lung-to-head ratio) to ...
Jordan Isabelle M - - 2005
To evaluate postnatal growth of extremely low birth weight infants (ELBW, <1,000 g) until 36 months of corrected age (CA), and to relate growth outcome to anthropometric parameters at birth, sex, fetal growth status (small or appropriate for gestational age--SGA/AGA), period of admission and major perinatal events. Weight (Wt), height ...
Braun Stanley - - 2004
The recently determined 'C'-axis, the growth vector of the dentomaxillary complex, permits an evaluation of any meaningful growth changes thereto by the Frankel II and modified Twin Block functional appliances. Retardation of the velocity of change (mm/year) in length of the 'C'-axis did not occur. The angular relationship of the ...
Steward Deborah K - - 2004
Intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) is an overlooked problem in full-term infants with birth weights greater than 2,500 g. Birth weight less than the 10th percentile underestimates the presence of IUGR. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of IUGR in full-term infants and to identify sociodemographic and ...
Lee W - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: The main goals of this study were to introduce fractional thigh volume (TVol) as a new soft tissue parameter for fetal growth evaluation, define its relationship to menstrual age, and develop individualized fetal growth standards based on Rossavik growth models. METHODS: A prospective, longitudinal study of 22 fetuses was ...
Harkness Ursula F - - 2004
The growth-restricted fetus is a fetus who fails to reach his growth potential and is at risk for perinatal morbidity and mortality. When a fetus has an estimated weight below the 10th percentile, in the absence of congenital anomalies and in the presence of a normal amount of amniotic fluid, ...
Howe A M - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to de the role of the nasal septum in embryonic facial development. METHODS: Nasal septal growth and facial development were examined in sagittally-sectioned 6-9 week human foetuses and compared to previously published data for later prenatal periods. To complement this data a cephalometric ...
Abdala Carolina - - 2004
The complete timeline for maturation of human cochlear function has not been defined. Distortion product otoacoustic emission (DPOAE)-based measures of cochlear function show non-adult-like responses from premature and term-born neonates at high f2 frequencies; however, older infants were not included in these studies. In the present experiment, previously collected DPOAE ...
De Curtis M - - 2004
Postnatal growth failure of very-low-birthweight (VLBW) infants may result from a complex interaction of genetic and environmental factors, including inadequate nutrition, morbidities affecting nutrient requirements, endocrine abnormalities and treatments. Among VLBW infants, those small for gestational age (SGA) at birth and those with postnatal growth restriction at the time of ...
OFUYA, Z M
The growth pattern of two hundred and fifty infants attending the University of Port Harcourt, Primary Health Care Centre, Aluu was studied. Infant's aged 0 - 4 months had a growth curve similar to that of National Centre for Health Statistics 50th centile standard. After this age, the growth pattern ...
Komlos John - - 2004
The systematic patterns in human adult physical stature are explored in connection with Wolf's relative sunspot numbers. This topic should be of interest to economists, physicians as well as physicists. There is a need for more than a check of any similarity of curves in variables approximating the economy and ...
Yu Victor Y H - - 2004
Close collaboration between obstetricians and neonatologists is essential for proper care of the growth-restricted fetus. A joint decision on the appropriate timing of delivery is made, based on the risk of fetal compromise compared with that of neonatal morbidity. A neonatal resuscitative team should be available at delivery. Gestational assessment, ...
Bamberg Christian - - 2004
Fetal growth restriction is one of the most challenging obstetric problems. Due to confusing terminology, there is an obvious lack of uniform diagnostic criteria. At present, most authors do not distinguish between the terms 'small for gestational age' (SGA) and 'intra-uterine growth restriction' (IUGR). These two clinical entities are not ...
Koo Winston W K - - 2004
This study examined the relationship between measured and derived anthropometric measurements with dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry measured lean and fat mass at 3.0 +/- 2.8 (SD) days in 120 neonates with birth weights appropriate (AGA; n=74), large (LGA; n=30); or small (SGA, n=16) for gestational age. Anthropometric measurements, including total body ...
Wong F - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: Isolated paraventricular cysts detected on routine cranial ultrasonography in premature and full term neonates are often incidental findings. The aetiology and clinical significance of these lesions is uncertain. A case control study was designed to attempt to clarify the clinical significance of isolated paraventricular cysts in terms of growth ...
Manzar Shabih - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The present growth chart used in the Sultanate of Oman does not contain centile measurements for infants born at 26-weeks of gestation. With the increased survival of these premature infants, there is a growing need to develop such a chart. The present study was conducted with the aim to ...
Frøen J Frederik - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Unexplained antepartum stillbirth is a common cause of perinatal death, and identifying the fetus at risk is a challenge for obstetric practice. Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is associated with a variety of adverse perinatal outcomes, but reports on its impact on unexplained stillbirths by population-based birthweight standards have been ...
Braun LoRanee - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Military hospitals currently use gestational age-specific growth curves based on data collected in Denver, Colo, from 1948 to 1961. A number of population and environmental factors and medical practice changes may make these curves nonrepresentative. OBJECTIVE: Determine if presently used growth curves represent norms for infants born in military ...
Nagpal Jitender - - 2004
This study evaluated the role of anterior lens capsule vascularity in assessing gestation in small for gestational age (SGA) neonates in a prospective manner. Neonates with birth weight less than 2000 g were recruited. Those with gross congenital malformations, including corneal opacity or cataract and evidence of TORCH infection were ...
Jelliffe-Pawlowski Laura L - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To examine the association between intrauterine growth restriction and neurodevelopmental outcome among full-term small-for-gestational-age (SGAT) infants at 8 months and 4 years of age. STUDY DESIGN: Growth parameters at birth and test scores on measures of neurodevelopmental function for 3922 children born SGAT were compared with those of 29,369 ...
Puligandla Pramod S - - 2004
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Recent reviews of gastroschisis identify prematurity and low birth weight as predictors of morbidity and mortality. The authors compared the outcomes of intrauterine growth-restricted infants (IUGR) with gastroschisis to those without growth restriction because IUGR is different from prematurity. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed for infants born with ...
Bennett Amanda J - - 2004
Variation at the insulin gene (INS-)VNTR (variable number of tandem repeats) minisatellite polymorphism has been reported to be associated with both early growth and adult metabolic phenotypes. However, the samples studied have been small and the relationship between INS-VNTR variation and parameters of early growth inconsistent, with four previous studies ...
Garite Thomas J - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is an important reason for premature delivery and has been reported to be associated with increased mortality, but in some studies paradoxically, improved morbidities. Data on neonatal outcomes for infants with IUGR at each viable gestational age at birth from large numbers of deliveries are ...
Whitehead R G - - 2004
The future revised WHO growth references for infancy and early childhood will have an international basis rather than just an American one, as is the case with the current NCHS/WHO ones. The anthropometric data for analysis will be collected from babies breastfed in accordance with WHO guidelines. An important stipulation, ...
Akisu Mete - - 2004
Recent findings suggest that hypertension, dyslipidemia, diabetes mellitus, coronary heart disease are more common in adults who born with intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). Several studies have shown that polymorphisms in angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) and apolipoprotein-E (Apo-E) are effective in developing the insulin resistance and also in increasing the risk of ...
Ercolani G L - - 2004
Colony counts, counts of immunostained cells, fluorescent assays for cell viability and titration of a superinfecting bacteriophage were incorporated into a protocol for studying the growth kinetics of produce-associated bacteria in vivo. A set of equations was assembled for measuring the true rates of birth, death and emigration of the ...
Spinillo Arsenio - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prognostic values of fetal size before birth and fetal growth during the latency period in patients with preterm premature rupture of the membranes (PROM). METHODS: A prospective cohort study of 69 singleton pregnancies complicated by prolonged (14 days or more) PROM (24 to 31 weeks of ...
Boguszewski Margaret C S - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Being born small for gestational age (SGA) is associated with insulin resistance, hypertension and increased cardiovascular morbidity/mortality in adulthood. Sympathetic nerve hyperactivity is a well-known risk factor for cardiovascular disease mortality and is proposed to link insulin resistance with hypertension. The objective of this study was to test the ...
Roos S - - 2004
Transplacental transfer is the fetus' primary source of taurine, an essential amino acid during fetal life. In intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR), placental transport capacity of taurine is reduced and fetal taurine levels are decreased. We characterized the protein expression of the taurine transporter (TAUT) in human placenta using immunocytochemistry and ...
Drossou-Agakidou Vasiliki - - 2004
AIM: To investigate the adverse effects of ciprofloxacin administered to neonates with sepsis on the hematologic indices, the hepatic and renal function and the joints and growth at 1 year follow-up. METHODS: In this observational prospective study, 2 groups of septic neonates were studied, 116 neonates who received ciprofloxacin and ...
Thordstein C Magnus - - 2004
To study brain function in the neonatal period, disproportionately growth-retarded (n = 33) and appropriately grown (n = 21) infants were examined using Doppler flow velocities prenatally and visual evoked potentials postnatally. Visual evoked potentials recordings were made at gestation of 40 and 46 weeks. The group of growth-retarded infants ...
Lewis S L - - 2004
Several widespread changes in the ecology of old-growth tropical forests have recently been documented for the late twentieth century, in particular an increase in stem turnover (pan-tropical), and an increase in above-ground biomass (neotropical). Whether these changes are synchronous and whether changes in growth are also occurring is not known. ...
Verspyck E - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Genetic thrombophilia may represent a new risk factor for obstetrical complications. The aim of the study was to determine which subgroups may be associated with genetic thrombophilia for small for gestational age infants (SGA). METHODS: A case-control study was performed in three different maternity wards in Normandy. Cases (n=203) ...
Kuszak J R - - 2004
This review qualitatively and quantitatively compares the gross shape and size of lenses from different species as a function of their fibre cell organization. Grossly, all vertebrate lenses are asymmetrical, oblate spheroids with size and spheroidicity that varies considerably between species. Correlative LM and SEM analysis of the basic structural ...
Berkowitz Gertrud S - - 2004
Although the use of pesticides in inner-city homes of the United States is of considerable magnitude, little is known about the potentially adverse health effects of such exposure. Recent animal data suggest that exposure to pesticides during pregnancy and early life may impair growth and neurodevelopment in the offspring. To ...
Neufeld L M - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To describe the fetal growth pattern of a population from rural Guatemala and determine when during gestation growth faltering becomes evident. METHODS: Ultrasound examinations were conducted for 319 women. Femur length (FL), biparietal diameter (BPD), abdominal (AC) and head circumference (HC) were compared with reference values. RESULTS: FL and ...
Ofuya, Z M; ;
The growth pattern of two hundred and fifty infants attending the University of Port Harcourt, Primary Health Care Centre, Aluu was studied. Infant's aged 0 – 4 months had a growth curve similar to that of National Centre for Health Statistics 50th centile standard. After this age, the growth pattern ...
Malaeb Shadi N - - 2004
Prolonged maternal magnesium sulphate infusion therapy for tocolysis of premature labour may result in secondary fetal hypermagnesaemia, which has been associated with bony abnormalities in the newborn. We report on four infants, members of two twin pregnancies, who were exposed to prolonged fetal hypermagnesaemia. Three of the infants, all appropriate ...
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