Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 743
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Oikawa S - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To assess the relevance of hepatic lipidosis (fatty liver) in the development of ketosis and left displacement of the abomasum (LDA). SAMPLE POPULATION: Sera from 22 healthy cows in early lactation, 21 cows with ketosis, and 19 cows with LDA, and serum and liver specimens from 35 slaughtered cows ...
Hide D W - - 1997
Based on a lecture given to the European Society for Pediatric Allergy and Clinical Immunology. Diseases associated with atopy are increasing throughout the world. Individuals appear to have a genetic predisposition to atopy which is then provoked by environmental influences. Ingested or inhaled allergens provoke an antibody response and a ...
Losinger W C - - 1997
In a national survey of US dairy operations, 1685 dairy operations reported 47,057 new dairy heifers (either births or acquisitions) and 4427 deaths (9.4%) of preweaned dairy heifer calves over a 3 month period. Stepwise logistic regression was used to identify management practices associated with high mortality among preweaned heifers ...
Esslemont R J - - 1997
A survey of 50 Friesian/Holstein dairy herds (average size 178 cows) in England investigated the rate of culling and the reasons for disposal and death over three years from 1990 to 1992. The average total annual culling rate was 23.8 per cent (22.0 per cent sold and 1.8 per cent ...
Warner J A - - 1997
The prevalence of asthma and related allergic disorders has increased considerably over the last 25 years. Genetic stock has not changed, so environmental factors must have influenced the phenotype. Infants who develop allergy already have an altered immune response at birth. We have investigated the development of immune responses during ...
Eregie C O - - 1997
An experience in non-puerperal lactation, specifically induced for nutritional rehabilitation of a malnourished motherless male infant, is presented from a Fulani culture in northern Nigeria where the usual cultural practice is to feed such infants with raw cow's milk. The value of non-puerperal lactation in nutritional rehabilitation of motherless infants ...
Ołdak E - - 1997
This study was intended to evaluate the incidence of atopic diseases and spectrum of clinical allergic manifestation in Polish infants from North-East region of Poland in relation to genetic hereditance. The infants included in the study were unselected, born consecutively during the first three months of 1993. It was demonstrated ...
Warner J A - - 1997
It is now established that allergen exposure in the first few months of life is important in the development of specific allergic sensitisation (1, 2). Furthermore, the immune response of infants born to families with a strong history of allergic disease is relatively immature at birth in comparison to infants ...
Martikainen A - - 1996
We studied 20 infants of mothers with IDDM participating in a pilot study for a dietary intervention trial, testing the hypothesis that avoidance of cow's milk proteins early in life will reduce the risk of subsequent IDDM. The aim was to evaluate the elimination of IDDM-associated antibodies from the peripheral ...
Calbi M - - 1996
Basophil granulocytes and their mediators are involved in the pathogenesis of allergic inflammation. We evaluated basophil count, blood histamine content, eosinophil count and serum total IgE levels in one hundred-thirteen healthy newborns at birth. 102 children were prospectively studied with a follow up to 18 months of age for development ...
Forman S O - - 1996
BACKGROUND: sCD23 is the designation given to the low affinity IgE receptor. The soluble fragment of this receptor (sCD23) participates in the regulation of IgE synthesis. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of a venom immunotherapy regimen on sCD23 levels. METHODS: We measured sCD23 levels ...
Benlounes N - - 1996
BACKGROUND: In cow's milk allergy (CMA) with intestinal symptoms, peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) secrete tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), altering intestinal function. However, the type of cow's milk protein (CMP) that triggers symptoms (intact or intestinally processed) is not known, and neither is the minimal amount required. METHODS: PBMCs were ...
Juvonen P - - 1996
A group of 129 infants were randomly assigned at birth to one of three feeding regimens: human milk (HM), cow's milk formula (CMF) or a casein hydrolysate formula (CHF) during the first 3 days of life. Blood samples were taken on at 4 days and at 2, 4, 8, 12 ...
Hamosh M - - 1996
Most of the major progress in understanding the unique and complex features of human breast milk has emerged in just the past 2 decades. Since the late 1970s, key research has examined such aspects as the composition of breast milk, effects of maternal and environmental factors on human milk, and ...
Pérez E - - 1996
The relationship between calf characteristics, farm management, seropositivity, and age at seroconversion to Babesia bovis was assessed. A total of 3624 samples obtained from 494 animals on 11 farms was analyzed by an indirect ELISA assay, and individual results classified as positive or negative. The animals were sampled from birth ...
Cantani A - - 1996
Cow's milk (CM) allergy (CMA) is a disease of infancy, usually appearing in the first months of life. Symptoms triggered by CM at first introduction are not completely defined. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of severe reaction to CM and clinical manifestation triggered by CM ...
Daly A - - 1996
There are few data to support the use of follow-on formulas in infants from the age of 6 months. In a prospective trial in a deprived inner city area of Birmingham 100 infants who were already receiving pasteurised cows' milk by 6 months of age were enrolled and randomised either ...
Miles E A - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Raised peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) proliferative responses to food allergens have been demonstrated in children with established atopic dermatitis. OBJECTIVE: In this report we investigate the PBMC proliferative responses to inhalant and food allergens from babies at birth, 6 months and 1 year of age, born to atopic ...
Sasai K - - 1996
OBJECTIVES: House dust mite (HDM) is a representative inhalant allergen that triggers allergic disease in childhood. The aim of this study is early detection of HDM-specific IgE antibody and prediction of the risk of a positive reaction to this antibody by in vitro parameters in infants with allergic manifestations. STUDY ...
Barash H - - 1996
The effects of birth month on production of milk, fat, and protein and percentages of fat and protein were analyzed based on production records of 101,653 first parity, 77,541 second parity, and 51,856 third parity Israeli Holstein cows. Each parity was analyzed separately. The analysis model also included the effects ...
Anveden-Hertzberg L - - 1996
We present nine exclusively breast-fed, full-term infants with mild rectal bleeding due to proctocolitis. The mean age at the onset of symptoms was 5 weeks (range 1-8 weeks). Rectosigmoidoscopic examination was performed in all the children within 2 days after admission, showing inflammatory changes such as oedematous mucosa with petechial ...
Herring A D - - 1996
Birth (n = 308), weaning (n = 291), feedlot and carcass (n = 142), and yearling heifer traits (n = 139) were evaluated in F1 calves sired by Brahman (BR), Boran (BO), and Tuli (TU) bulls and born to multiparous Hereford and Angus cows. Calves sired by BR were heaviest ...
Marini A - - 1996
A prospective case-control study is presented to assess an allergy prevention programme in children up to 36 months of age. Infants born at three maternity hospitals were followed from birth: 279 infants with high atopic risk (intervention group) were compared with 80 infants with similar atopic risk but no intervention ...
Odelram H - - 1996
Ninety-one high atopy-risk infants were prospectively followed up to 18 months of age with regard to the development of allergic/atopic manifestations and sensitization. They were randomized into one of two feeding groups, i.e., a hydrolyzed, ultrafiltered cow's milk whey formula, Profylac (n = 32), or an ordinary cow's milk formula ...
Iacono G - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Recent reports have suggested that gastroesophageal reflux in pediatric patients may be caused by food allergy. OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to determine the frequency of the association of gastroesophageal reflux with cow's milk protein allergy in patients win the first year of life. METHODS: We studied ...
Chisholm J S - - 1996
Life history theory's principle of allocation suggests that because immature organisms cannot expend reproductive effort, the major trade-off facing juveniles will be the one between survival, on one hand, and growth and development, on the other. As a consequence, infants and children might be expected to possess psychobiological mechanisms for ...
Tychsen L - - 1996
Tracking of large visual targets by normal neonates and by infants with visual cortex damage has led to the suggestion that infants use subcortical vision to guide visuomotor behaviors. To test this assertion, the author recorded eye movements in a five-month-old infant who became cor-tically-blind following an anoxic episode. Use ...
Kramer M S - - 1996
Background pending. To assess the effects of prescribing an antigen avoidance diet to lactating mothers of infants with atopic eczema on the severity of the eczema. The register of clinical trials maintained and updated by the Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group. Date of last search: October 2001. All acceptably controlled ...
Kramer M S - - 1996
Background pending. To assess the effects of prescribing an antigen avoidance diet during lactation on the nutritional status of the mother and newborn and on the development of atopic disease in the child. The main focus is on women whose infants are at high risk for developing an atopic condition, ...
Carvalheira J G - - 1995
Fertility and reproductive performance of Landim and Africander females were compared using data collected from 1968 to 1981 at the Chobela Research Station in Mozambique. Breeds were managed together and grouped by age and sex, except when separated for breeding. Traits were relative fertility (probability of fertile females calving from ...
Vaarala O - - 1995
BACKGROUND: Development of humoral and cellular immune responses to orally administered antigens in human beings is poorly understood, although antigen administration has been suggested as a treatment for hypersensitivity disorders and autoimmune diseases. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study was to investigate the development of systemic immune response in infants ...
Menzies F D - - 1995
As part of an initiative aimed at reducing the number of cattle deaths in Northern Ireland, a survey of bovine mortality on a stratified random sample of farms and veterinary practices was carried out during 1992. In the farm survey, over 3500 deaths were reported from 1069 farms, with a ...
Staiano A - - 1995
The aim of this study was to compare a non-invasive test of small bowel permeability with a more invasive approach involving endoscopy, mucosal biopsy, and oesophageal pH monitoring for rapidly differentiating gastro-oesophageal reflux (GOR) and cows' milk intolerance in 25 infants with persistent vomiting. Each subject underwent a cellobiose/mannitol permeability ...
Camassa F - - 1995
Between 1981 and 1991, eleven infants (ranging in age from 2 to 9 months) were hospitalized in our department for evaluation of microscopically verified scabies infestations. Six presented signs of Norwegian scabies. All of the latter infants had been treated (prior to the scabies infestation) for long periods with topical ...
Halken S - - 1995
Development of atopic disease seems to depend on both genetic factors and exposure to several environmental factors. At present ther is evidence that the mode of early infant feeding influences the development of food allergy, whereas daily exposure to inhalant allergens and daily exposure to tobacco smoke is found to ...
Dean T - - 1995
Adverse reaction to cow's milk and infant formulas are common during infancy. Cow's milk has more than 20 constituents proteins and in principle many are capable of giving rise to an IgE mediated response. The prevalence of cow's milk allergy is between 0.5-10% of the paediatric population (Frier & Kletter, ...
Ribble C S - - 1995
A retrospective, epidemiologic study was performed to quantify the mixing of calves from various sources at auction markets, and to determine whether mixing at the markets and the risk of fatal fibrinous pneumonia (FFP) at the feedlot were associated. In this study, 32,646 spring-born steer calves that entered a single ...
Vandenplas Y - - 1995
The beneficial effect of a prevention programme regarding the frequency and severity of manifestations suggestive of atopic disease is difficult to prove since the genesis of atopy is multifactorial, including genetic and environmental factors. Twin studies indicate that genetic and environmental factors may each account for about 50% of the ...
Hudson M J - - 1995
Against the background of what appears to be an increasing incidence of many allergic disorders, the production of safe, effective 'hypoallergenic' diets on a commercial scale has become of increasing importance. Combining knowledge of protein biochemistry and immunology with clinical science has provided not only a greater understanding of what ...
Verwimp J J - - 1995
Both growth and the course of allergic symptoms were evaluated in 79 infants with cow's milk protein intolerance, aged three months or younger, diagnosed by standard elimination/provocation and treated with a whey-hydrolysate based infant formula: Nutrilon Pept or Pepti Junior. The efficacy of both products, in terms of symptomatology and ...
Kilian M - - 1995
Based on the observation that children with a history of atopic disease show significantly increased levels of cleaved secretory IgA in nasopharyngeal secretions, we have previously formulated the hypothesis that bacteria-induced local deficiencies of the immune barrier of the upper respiratory tract may be a contributing factor in the development ...
Ribble C S - - 1995
A total of 58,885 spring-born calves entering a large commercial feedlot in southwestern Alberta were studied to examine the associations between shipping fever mortality and the pattern of calf sales at the auction markets, time of year, and weather. The observational study followed calves purchased from 42 auction markets in ...
Vandenplas Y - - 1995
At the age of 5 years, the prevalence of atopic manifestations was analysed in 58 formula-fed "at risk" infants because of a history of atopic disease in at least two first degree relatives. Infants were randomly assigned to receive either a partial whey-hydrolysate formula (n: 28) or a regular cow's ...
Saidi D - - 1995
Weaning is a transient period of life during which maternal proteins are replaced by foreign proteins. Concomitantly, in early postnatal life, both digestive and immune systems undergo a maturation process. Allergy to cow's milk protein may develop in human infants during weaning, determining digestive, respiratory, cutaneous or systemic symptoms. We ...
Iikura Y - - 1995
Serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase (GOT) levels were determined in 214 infants (133 males and 81 females) with atopic dermatitis during their first visit to the Department of Allergy, National Children's Hospital, Tokyo, Japan. Compared with the normal hospital range, their levels were found to be significantly higher, a tendency which was ...
Iyngkaran N - - 1995
The effect of cow's milk protein (CMP) challenge on the levels of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) in the upper jejunal mucosa and the serum were studied in 25 infants clinically suspected to have cow's milk allergy. Following CMP provocation 3 groups were identified. Group 1 consisted of 10 infants who had ...
Morton J M - - 1995
The effects of induced parturition on clinical disease and mortality of cows were studied in 51 winter-calving, pasture-fed, dairy herds in south-western Victoria. Parturition was induced when most cows were between 27 and 35 weeks of pregnancy. Control groups were selected from herdmates that were not induced to calve. The ...
Maciejewski Z - - 1995
The authors studied a group of 153 infants presenting pneumonia and/or bronchitis suspected to be immunized to cow's milk proteins (cow's milk allergy). The diagnosis was confirmed in 96 children (62.7%), which is 20.8% of hospitalized infants presenting respiratory tract diseases. Factors influencing the occurrence of family cow's milk intolerance ...
Simpson V R - - 1994
Newborn lambs which had been given colostrum from a single cow developed thrombocytopenia and seven died. The clinical signs included purpura, haemoglobinuria, melaena, dullness and lethargy. The lambs died at one to two days old. Post mortem examination revealed widespread haemorrhages throughout the body. Lambs given small amounts of colostrum ...
Sasai K - - 1994
Fecal IgE levels were investigated in 165 asymptomatic infants at 1 month of age under two nutritional regimens, breast-feeding and formula feeding, and the possibility of predicting by fecal IgE levels the onset of atopic disease was studied in these infants. IgE levels were measured by time-resolved fluoroimmunometric assay. IgE ...
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