Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 753
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Lopez-Villalobos N - - 2000
The aim of this study was to evaluate the profitability of dairy herds under three mating systems involving the Holstein-Friesian, Jersey, and Ayrshire breeds. Mating systems were straight breeding and rotational cross-breeding using two or three breeds. A deterministic model was developed to simulate the nutritional, biological, and economic performance ...
Warner J A - - 2000
The timing of events leading to allergic sensitisation has become a very important area in the attempt to halt the dramatic increase in the prevalence of diseases such as asthma, eczema and hay fever. Recent research has demonstrated that events taking place during the gestational period may well play a ...
Cavataio F - - 2000
Cow's milk allergy (CMA) and gastroesophageal reflux are considered to be among the most common disturbances in infants less than 1 year of age. In recent years, the relationship existing between these two entities has been investigated and some important conclusions have been reached: In just under half the cases ...
Kramer M S - - 2000
To assess the effects of prescribing an antigen avoidance diet to lactating mothers of infants with atopic eczema on the severity of the eczema. The register of clinical trials maintained and updated by the Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group. All acceptably controlled comparisons of maternal antigen avoidance prescribed to lactating ...
Kramer M S - - 2000
To assess the effects of prescribing an antigen avoidance diet during lactation on the nutritional status of the mother and newborn and on the development of atopic disease in the child. The main focus is on women whose infants are at high risk for developing an atopic condition, based on ...
Saarinen K M KM Hospital for Children and Adolescents, University of Helsinki, - - 2000
Early feeding with cows' milk (CM) may cause cows' milk allergy (CMA). Breast milk contains many immune factors which compensate for the undeveloped defence mechanisms of the gut of the newborn infant. We studied the effect of supplementary CM feeding at the maternity hospital on the subsequent incidence of CMA, ...
Ziegler E E - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: Young infants commonly show occult intestinal blood loss when fed cow's milk, but in older infants blood loss may be less common. This study examined intestinal blood loss in response to cow's milk feeding in normal 7(1/2)-month-old and 12-month-old infants. STUDY DESIGN: Infants (n = 62) were fed formula ...
Kalliomäki M - - 1999
BACKGROUND: According to data from animal and in vitro studies, transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) has a crucial effect on 2 essential parts of the mucosal immune system: IgA production and oral tolerance induction. OBJECTIVE: We sought to ascertain whether TGF-beta in breast milk is associated with specific IgA production and ...
Kawai K - - 1999
The lactoferrin (LF) concentration in the milk from dairy cows with clinical mastitis was determined to evaluate the relationship between the LF concentration (LFC) in milk and the non-specific defensive capability of the udder. The mean LFC in 368 milk samples from 319 cows with clinical mastitis was significantly higher ...
Saarinen K M - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Breast milk contains immune factors that compensate for the underdeveloped defenses of the gut of the newborn infant. OBJECTIVE: We sought to study the importance of these factors in the immune responses of infants with cows' milk allergy (CMA) to the proteins in cows' milk (CM). METHODS: We prospectively ...
López N - - 1999
The purpose of our study was to carry out a prospective follow-up of 114 newborns at term (including three pairs of twins), regarding clinical manifestations for atopy during the first year of life. Their IgE levels in cord blood samples, at 3, 6, 9 and 12 months of age were ...
Rodriguez-Lainz A - - 1999
A cross-sectional study was conducted in southern Chile between January and March, 1996, to identify risk factors for papillomatous digital dermatitis (PDD) in lactating dairy and dual-purpose cows. A total of 3,265 cows from 22 farms were examined in the milking parlor for PDD lesions. Additional information was collected from ...
Järvinen K M - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: In order to measure the immune response evoked in breast-fed infants with cow's milk allergy (CMA) by cow's milk challenge through human milk, mothers were given increasing doses of cow's milk after they had been on a cow's milk elimination diet. Another objective was to study the secretion of ...
Kamelmaz I - - 1999
Cow's milk allergy (CMA) is one of the most common food allergies in young infants affecting up to 7% of children less than six months of age. The clinical presentation of these infants may be very traumatic to their parents, as significant rectal bleeding is the most common symptom in ...
Osterlund P - - 1999
As an aid to clarifying the role of immune mechanisms in the development of cow's milk allergy (CMA) in suckling infants, we studied the capacity of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) to produce tumor necrosis factor-alpha(TNF-alpha) in vitro. The study population consisted of 43 infants, aged 0.12-11.2 months; of these, ...
Saarinen K M - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Early feeding with cow's milk (CM) may increase the risk of cow's milk allergy (CMA). OBJECTIVE: We sought to examine prospectively whether supplementary feeding of CM at the maternity hospital would increase the risk when compared with feeding with pasteurized human milk or hydrolyzed formula. METHODS: We studied 6209 ...
Judge L J - - 1999
A clinical trial was performed to determine the effect of bST on reproductive performance in dairy cows on 4 Michigan dairy farms when bST was used according to labeled directions. Holstein cows (n = 555) at 4 Michigan dairy farms were randomly assigned to receive bovine somatotropin (bST) or to ...
Lindberg T - - 1999
Approximately 25% of infants with moderate or severe colic (crying > 3 h d(-1)) have a cow's milk-dependent colic. The author recommends a strict cow's milk-free diet for the mother (with an extra supplement of calcium) in breastfed infants and a casein-hydrolysate formula for formula-fed infants. With this dietary regimen, ...
Lamb G C - - 1999
We determined whether milk secretion in beef cows could be reinitiated by renewed suckling after a hiatus from milking or suckling. Fifty-three Angus x Hereford cows were suckled ad libitum by their own calves for 13 to 18 d postpartum and then assigned to treatments for 4 wk in which ...
Ernst C A - - 1999
Bovine ovaries (paired by cow) were obtained from a local abattoir and cumulus oocyte complexes were aspirated within six hours of slaughter. Two methods for activation [(1) calcium ionophore (ionomycin) alone (n = 191); and (2) ionomycin followed by the protein synthesis inhibitor cycloheximide (n = 207)] were evaluated for ...
Jensen A M - - 1999
The prevalence and distribution of seropositivity towards the protozoan parasite Neospora caninum were studied in single blood samples from 1561 cows from 31 Danish dairy herds. Blood samples were analysed by an indirect enzyme-linked immunoassay and an indirect fluorescent-antibody test. Seroprevalence in 15 herds with previous abortions assigned to neosporosis ...
Gundran R S - - 1999
This prospective observational study was undertaken in the province of Nueva Ecija in the Philippines to assess current levels of health and growth achieved by a defined cohort of water-buffalo calves raised by smallholder farmers and to identify factors associated with the performance of these animals during the first 6 ...
Yeruham I - - 1999
On a dairy farm, otitis media was diagnosed in 64 suckler calves (21.8%) during a study period of 2 years, and in 10 calves (3.4%) in the third year. The inflammation was unilateral in 63 and bilateral in 11 calves. The affected calves were dull, lacked appetite, were pyrexic and ...
Inanami O - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between oxidative stress and antioxidants in neonatal calves after birth. SAMPLE POPULATION: Sera from 6 healthy Holstein-Friesian cows and 7 of their newborn calves were obtained at various intervals after birth. PROCEDURE: Lipid peroxides in serum of cows and their newborn calves were estimated by ...
Williams J - - 1999
To compare the effect of unmodified cows' milk and iron supplemented formula milk on psychomotor development in infants from inner city areas when used as the main milk source. Double blind, randomised intervention trial. Birmingham health centre. 100 infants, mean age 7.8 months (range 5.7 to 8.6 months), whose mothers ...
Kapel N - - 1999
Infants with atopic eczema exhibit a specific fecal protein pattern after oral challenge with cow's milk, characterized by an increase in both eosinophil cationic protein (ECP) and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)alpha. The aim of our study was to determine the pattern of these proteins in allergic infants with intestinal manifestations. ...
Bendali F - - 1999
A prospective study was carried out on 94 randomly selected beef herds in the Midi-Pyrénées region in France. The objective was to describe diarrhoea and mortality in beef calves from birth to 30 days of age. Calves (3,080) were followed from December 1995 to April 1996, and a total of ...
Vovolis V - - 1999
A comparison of the date of birth of 1501 adult patients with severe seasonal respiratory allergy (allergic rhinitis or bronchial asthma) due to parietaria, olive, and grass pollens with the expected births within 2,020,420 births in South Greece during the same period, was performed. The relative risk for developing respiratory ...
Tormo R - - 1998
Cow's milk protein intolerant infants (CMPI), shifted to a cow's milk protein hydrolysate based formula, often experience an improvement in signs of malabsorption; on the other hand, they also present a pattern of watery stools. In an attempt to find high levels of some gastrointestinal hormones that might induce hypermotility, ...
Chase C C CC - - 1998
We conducted a multiyear study in two phases to determine preweaning performance traits of Senepol (S x S), Hereford (H x H), and reciprocal (S x H and H x S) F1 crossbred calves and feedlot performance and carcass characteristics of steers. In Phase I, from 1985 to 1989, data ...
Kondo N - - 1998
BACKGROUND: It is not sufficient to predict 'high allergic risk newborns' on the basis of increased IgE concentrations of cord blood alone, because a raised cord blood IgE concentration is specific but not sensitive in the prediction of the development of allergic disorders. Warner et al. have reported that interferon ...
Prescott S L - - 1998
By adulthood there is almost universal immunological memory to aeroallergens, and the presence of allergic disease appears to be related to the nature of the underlying T-helper (Th) cell cytokine responses. The hypothesis of this study is that adult patterns of allergen specific Th-cell memory (Th-2 polarized in atopics vs. ...
Bell D J - - 1998
We concurrently evaluated early weaning and once-daily suckling as options for shortening postpartum interval to estrus in primiparous cows calving in good body condition. Over 2 consecutive years, a total of 77 primiparous cows were assigned to 1 of 3 treatments: control (ad libitum suckling); once-daily suckling (for 30 d ...
Noureldin M S - - 1998
To study the relationship between presence of gastrointestinal allergic manifestations in breast-fed infants and presence of IgE against Schistosoma mansoni antigens, sixty breast-fed infants of S. mansoni infected mothers were selected. Of them, thirty infants were suffering from manifestations of gastrointestinal allergy (patients) and the other thirty were not suffering ...
Wynn K - - 1998
An enduring question in philosophy and psychology is that of how we come to possess knowledge of number. Here I review research suggesting that the capacity to represent and reason about number is part of the inherent structure of the human mind. In the first few months of life, human ...
Järvinen K M - - 1998
Assessment of activation of immune mechanisms is valuable in the early diagnosis of cow's milk allergy (CMA). The purpose of this study was to evaluate peripheral blood lymphocyte subclasses in children suspected of having CMA and healthy infants in order to detect an early marker for food allergy. Altogether 47 ...
Kimura M - - 1998
Although the level of house dust mite (HDM)-specific lymphocyte proliferation is high in infants with atopic dermatitis (AD), the level of HDM-specific IgE antibody (HDM-IgE-RAST) is usually very low or negative. To elucidate the cause of the deficient HDM-specific IgE antibody formation in infants with AD, we examined the profile ...
Iacono G - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Recent research has shown that cow's milk protein intolerance (CMPI) often persists beyond 4 years of age. AIMS: To evaluate the clinical and immunological characteristics of a group of infants with persistent CMPI. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twelve infants (6 m, 6f) with persistent CMPI were followed up from birth ...
Freetly H C - - 1998
We evaluated heifers crossbred from seven breeds of sires (Hereford, Angus, Belgian Blue, Piedmontese, Brahman, Boran, and Tuli) and three breeds of dams (Angus, Hereford, and MARC III [four-breed composite]). Heifers were mated to Red Poll sires to calve at 2 yr of age. Heifers were placed in two treatments ...
Martín-Esteban M - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Hydrolysate formulas are safe for most infants who are allergic to cow's milk. The purpose of this study was to assess the clinical tolerance and safety of an extensively hydrolyzed casein-whey protein formula in a homogeneous group of patients with immediate cow's milk hypersensitivity. METHODS: The study population consisted ...
van Wagtendonk-de Leeuw A M - - 1998
Data on 944 calves from 2228 in vitro-produced (IVP) bovine preimplantation embryos were compared with data on 2787 AI calves born in the same herds in 1995. Bovine preimplantation embryos were produced in vitro following ovum pick up (OPU) from donor cows and pregnant heifers in an open nucleus breeding ...
Nishioka K - - 1998
BACKGROUND: The indoor levels of mite allergens are known to determine the thresholds of sensitization and asthma exacerbation. However, the method for preventing mite sensitization by reducing the levels of house dust mites (HDMs) is not well established. OBJECTIVE: We investigated whether mite-blocking bedding encasing made from microfine fibers can ...
Margaret Elowson A - - 1998
Although only humans use spoken language, the vocal communication of many animals shares some features with language. Within the context of their family, normal children and young non-human primates develop proficiency in the nuances of their species-specific vocal communication system. Engaging in speech-like phonetic activity, or babbling, occurs in all ...
Kimura M - - 1998
Because house dust mite (HDM)-specific IgE antibody (IgE-RAST) is usually not detectable in infants with atopic dermatitis (AD), HDM has not been regarded as the cause of infantile AD. The level of HDM-specific lymphocyte proliferation (expressed as stimulation index measured by flow cytometry [SIF]), however, was found to be markedly ...
Vandenplas Y - - 1997
Exclusive human milk feeding during the first 6 months of life, with delayed introduction of solids, is the recommended feeding for human infants. Human milk reduces the incidence and morbidity related to infection and allergy to cow's milk proteins. Dietary maternal restrictions during (late) pregnancy or lactation cannot be recommended, ...
Olson M E - - 1997
A study was undertaken to determine the prevalence of Giardia infections in dairy calves and to compare Giardia and Cryptosporidium infections in calves of different ages. Fresh fecal samples were collected from 386 male and female Holstein calves (newborn to 24 wk) in 20 dairies located in the lower Fraser ...
Julge K - - 1997
In a prospective study, 251 infants were followed from birth up to 12 months of age, recording manifestations of allergy by questionnaires at 3, 6, 9 and 12 months and by clinical examinations at 6 and/or 12 months. Blood samples were obtained at birth and at 6 and 12 months ...
de Boissieu D - - 1997
We report on 13 infants allergic to extensively hydrolyzed protein formulas (EHFs) who were first seen with chronic digestive symptoms. Feeding with an amino acid-based formula decreased symptoms and improved weight gain. A challenge with EHF produced positive results in all these infants. Allergy to EHF must be considered in ...
Burr M L - - 1997
BACKGROUND: It is uncertain as to what extent the development of allergic disease in childhood is predictable during early infancy. A number of environmental factors have been suspected of increasing the risk of acquiring allergy, but the evidence is conflicting. OBJECTIVE: To observe the development of atopy and allergic disease ...
- - 1997
ETAC (Early Treatment of the Atopic Child), a multi-centre predominantly European study to investigate the potential for cetirizine to prevent the development of asthma in infants with atopic dermatitis has completed enrollment: 817 children have been randomised to 18 months' treatment with either active or placebo and a subsequent 18 ...
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