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Results 301 - 350 of 743
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Kankaanpää P - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The increased consumption of n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) has been shown to coincide with the increased prevalence of atopic diseases. We aimed to investigate whether maternal diet and atopic status influence the PUFA composition of breast milk and the serum lipid fatty acids of infants. METHODS: Maternal diet ...
Prieto L - - 2001
The objective of this study was to determine differences in airway sensitivity to adenosine 5'-monophosphate (AMP) between allergic rhinitis subjects with plateau and those without evidence of plateau on the concentration response curves to methacholine. A total of 51 adults (38 subjects with allergic rhinitis and 13 healthy controls) were ...
Riley D G - - 2001
Cows (n = 116) sired by Angus, Gray Brahman, Gir, Indu-Brazil, Nellore, and Red Brahman bulls and from Hereford dams were evaluated (when bred to the same breed of bull) for reproductive performance and cow weight and height and their calves (n = 1,161) were evaluated for birth and weaning ...
Arlotto T - - 2001
In vitro fertilisation (IVF) has become a useful breeding tool in most of the developed world. In this paper the success of bovine IVF and the birth of live calves under typical South African conditions is reported. Oocytes for IVF were collected from the ovaries of 6 slaughtered Bovelder beef ...
Meyer C L - - 2001
Stillbirth, defined as a calf that dies just prior to, during, or within 48 h of parturition, represents a reoccurring concern among breeders of dairy cattle in the United States. About 11% of parturitions of primiparous Holstein cows result in the death of a calf; 5.7% in multiparous cows. Genetic ...
Kumagai H - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Histologic studies of rectosigmoidal mucosal biopsies of infants with isolated blood-streaked stool have shown many eosinophils and revealed aggregates of small dark granules (nuclear dust). However, no description of the nuclear dust has been made for this condition and the nature of the nuclear dust has not been thoroughly ...
Pumberger W - - 2001
Dietary protein induced proctocolitis in exclusively breast fed infants is rarely taken into consideration as a cause of rectal bleeding or blood streaked stool in the neonatal period and early infancy. Eleven babies are presented in whom it is believed that bleeding through the rectum was due to proctocolitis as ...
el-Aziz M M - - 2001
Two hundreds blood samples and the corresponding faecal and/or bile (114 Egyptian buffaloes, 68 native breed cattle and 18 imported cattle) were examined for Fasciola infection. ELISA revealed that 8 (7.00%) buffaloes, 52 (76.50%) native breed cattle and 15 (83.33%) imported cattle were positive. Parasitologically, the results revealed that 38 ...
Niggemann B - - 2001
Cow's milk allergy/intolerance is treated by complete avoidance of cow's milk proteins. Because cow's milk is an important food for infants, its avoidance may lead to an increased risk of growth impairment. Whilst there is evidence for the beneficial effects of extensively hydrolyzed cow's milk formulate (eHF) in infants with ...
Plaza Martín A M - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate clinical response after challenge testing in infants with allergy to cow's milk proteins at diagnosis and again when these infants were aged 1 year old and had been fed an exclusion diet. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed a prospective study of 49 infants aged less than 6 ...
Meyer C L - - 2001
The objectives for this study were to determine 1) if there was a trend in stillbirths for the U.S. Holstein population, 2) if stillbirths are the same trait in primiparous and multiparous cows, and 3) what was the role of dystocia in stillbirths. A sample of 666,341 births from the ...
He F - - 2001
Fifty bifidobacteria strains were isolated from fecal samples of allergic and age matched healthy infants. Allergic infants were found to have an adult type Bifidobacterium flora with high levels of Bifidobacterium adolescentis. Healthy infants had a typical infant Bifidobacterium flora with high levels of Bifidobacterium bifidum. These isolates were tested ...
Monetini L - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Bovine beta-casein is a cow's milk protein that targets both humoral and cellular immune responses in patients with Type 1 diabetes and, to a lesser degree, also in normal subjects. In this study we aimed to determine whether the avoidance of cow's milk consumption early in life could prevent ...
Darsow U - - 2001
Itch represents a leading symptom in dermatological practice with many psychophysiological aspects. Instruments for qualitative registration of these central nervous factors and evaluation of therapeutic measures are still missing. We analyzed in detail the subjective itch sensation in 108 patients with acute atopic eczema with a new questionnaire developed in ...
Kalliomäki M - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Improved hygiene has altered early microbial exposure by reducing childhood infections, which has been suggested as a cause for the continuously rising prevalence of atopic diseases. On the basis of both intensity and timing of stimulus, it has been hypothesized that exposure to commensal microflora may represent another key ...
Ravelli A M - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Regurgitation and vomiting are common manifestations of cow's milk protein allergy (CMPA) in infants and are usually ascribed to gastroesophageal reflux (GER). Gastric anaphylaxis can induce antral dysmotility in the rat, and therefore the hypothesis for the current study was that cow's milk in sensitized infants may impair antral ...
Pettersson K - - 2001
A questionnaire was sent to 1500 randomly selected dairy herds in Sweden, asking for general information about the herds, including routines from birth to first calving and also routines at breeding, calving and during the grazing period. Fifty-eight percent of the questionnaires were returned. The preweaned calves were kept in ...
Numabe T - - 2000
The aim of this study was to evaluate the difference in birth weight and gestation length between Japanese Black calves obtained from transfer of bovine embryos produced in vitro (IVP) and those developed in vivo (IVD). An additional objective was to clarify the sire effect on birth weight and gestation ...
Schade R P - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Cow's milk is the most important food antigen in infancy and may lead to acute cutaneous symptoms and atopic dermatitis (AD). The role of circulating allergen-specific T cells in the pathogenesis of food-allergic skin symptoms is still under investigation. OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to analyze the cow's milk ...
Meyer C L - - 2000
Each year about 7% of the Holstein calves born in the United States die within 48 h of birth. The exact cause of death is unknown. The purpose of this article is to examine the complex interactions among factors (e.g., parity, season of birth, dystocia, year) contributing to stillbirth rates. ...
Isolauri E - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Over the last two decades the incidence of allergic diseases has increased in industrialized countries, and consequently new approaches have to be explored. OBJECTIVE: The potential of probiotics to control allergic inflammation at an early age was assessed in a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled study. METHODS: A total of 27 ...
Böttcher M F - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of allergic diseases has increased particularly over the past 30-40 years. A reduced microbial stimulation during infancy may result in a development of a disturbed balance between Th1- and Th2-like immunity. The gut flora is, quantitatively, the most important source for such stimulation. OBJECTIVE: The aim of ...
Järvinen K M - - 2000
We sought a relationship between total and cow's milk-specific IgA levels in colostrum and human milk and subsequent development of cow's milk allergy (CMA) in the breast-fed infant. The study included 87 nursing mothers and their infants (age, 2 d to 7 mo), followed prospectively up to 1 y. At ...
Kumar B - - 2000
Haematological profile-haemoglobin concentration (Hb), total erythrocytes count (TEC), packed cell volume (PCV), erythrocyte indices-mean corpuscular volume (MCV), mean corpuscular haemoglobin (MCH) and mean corpuscular haemoglobin concentration (MCHC) were studied in crossbred dairy cattle (Holstein Friesian x Sahiwal) under various physiological states: non-pregnant heifers (NPH), pregnant heifers (PH), empty dry cows ...
McAllister M M - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether cows with evidence of previous infection with Neospora caninum were less likely to abort or give birth prematurely during an outbreak of neosporosis, compared with herdmates with evidence of primary infection. DESIGN: Cohort study. ANIMALS: 208 pregnant beef cows. PROCEDURES: Aborted fetuses and calves born prematurely ...
Pala A - - 2000
Data in this experiment consisted of 418 lactation records, and weaning and birth weight records from 600 crossbred calves. The traits evaluated included birth weight, weaning weight, weaning weight per cow exposed, weaning weight per weight of cow, weaning weight per weight of cow exposed, and predicted milk yield. Angus, ...
Frischer T - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Eosinophilic airways inflammation forms the pathophysiologic basis for a proportion of children at risk of developing recurrent wheezing. Early preventive measures and/or anti-inflammatory treatment may be guided by the identification of such children. METHODS: We studied upper-airways inflammation by nasal lavage in a cohort of 397 infants within the ...
Ertugrul O - - 2000
The effects of outdoor raising of Brown Swiss and Holstein replacement calves in individual hutches were studied on a farm having northern Mediterranean climatic conditions. A total of 240 female calves was used with 30 calves of each breed and born in each of the four seasons. The animals were ...
Hillerton J E - - 2000
We have investigated the responses of cow teats to machine milking in a study of relatively newly installed commercial milking parlours fitted with one of two types of milking cluster. The first was a common type with a large claw volume (> 200 ml), 15-16 mm i.d. long milk tube, ...
Arvola T - - 2000
The incidence of atopic diseases has rapidly increased in developed countries. The purpose of this study was to describe the problems that parents experience when atopic disease occurs in their children at an early age and what parents expect and get from health care professionals in the management of these ...
Kumar D - - 2000
Allergic colitis can occur within hours of birth and should be considered in the differential diagnosis of any newborn in whom hematochezia develops. This diagnosis should be considered after excluding infectious and anatomic disorders common to this age group. The diagnosis is supported by the healthy appearance of affected infants ...
Jiang T - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To determine the response, in terms of fecal hemoglobin excretion and clinical symptoms, of normal 9 1/2-month-old infants to being fed cow milk. DESIGN: Longitudinal (before-after) trial in which each infant was fed formula for 1 month (baseline) followed by 3 months during which cow milk was fed. SETTING: ...
Al-Harthi A A - - 2000
To determine the prevalent bacterial agents of neonatal meningitis and their antibiotic susceptibility in a referral intensive care unit in Assir Central Hospital, Saudi Arabia, during the years 1993-1998. Records of newborn infants with positive cerebrospinal fluid culture during the period were retrospectively studied. There were 1473 nursery admissions, of ...
Faubert G M - - 2000
The transmission of Cryptosporidium parvum between dams and their respective calves was studied. For this purpose, fecal specimens taken from the rectum of preparturient, parturient, and postparturient dams were analyzed for C. parvum oocysts. Fecal specimens were taken from the newborn calf 4 hr after birth. Because the environment can ...
Patenaude Y - - 2000
BACKGROUND: An exclusively breast-fed-8-week-old boy presented with irritability and non-bilious projectile vomiting. He was referred to our Medical Imaging Department to eliminate pyloric stenosis. PATIENT AND METHODS: A diagnosis of colitis was strongly suggested by ultrasound. A more detailed history revealed that the patient also had episodes of colicky pain ...
Worth J - - 2000
Babies born in delivery rooms of hospitals are exposed to latex through skin and mucous membrane contact with prepowdered latex gloves worn by midwives and doctors, and through the inhalation of latex-bound starch powder in the air of the delivery room. This paper examines the hypothesis that they are at ...
Chandra R K - - 2000
Allergic diseases are a common cause of illness in most industrialized countries. Diet during early childhood is an important determinant of the development of allergy, particularly in high-risk infants who have a parental history of atopy. Maternal avoidance of highly-allergenic foods during pregnancy and lactation, prolonged exclusive breast-feeding, the use ...
Saarinen K M - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The first exposure to food antigens provokes an immune reaction in an infant, its type depending on the quantity and frequency of doses and the age at introduction, and also being influenced by genetic factors. Most infants develop tolerance to food antigens, but in a small minority they provoke ...
Warner J A - - 2000
The prevalence of asthma and related allergic disorders has increased considerably over the last 25 years. Because genetic stock has not changed, environmental factors must have influenced the phenotype. Infants who experience the development of allergy already have an altered immune response at birth. We have investigated the development of ...
Saarinen K M - - 2000
Early feeding with cows' milk (CM) may cause cows' milk allergy (CMA). Breast milk contains many immune factors which compensate for the undeveloped defence mechanisms of the gut of the newborn infant. We studied the effect of supplementary CM feeding at the maternity hospital on the subsequent incidence of CMA, ...
Tegtmeier C - - 2000
A study was conducted in 1994-96 with the aim of assessing the serological prevalence of Border Disease (BD) among sheep and goats in Denmark and to investigate possible relations to herd factors. From each of 1000 herds, 2 blood samples were obtained from animals older than 1 year. The examination ...
Lopez-Villalobos N - - 2000
The aim of this study was to evaluate the profitability of dairy herds under three mating systems involving the Holstein-Friesian, Jersey, and Ayrshire breeds. Mating systems were straight breeding and rotational cross-breeding using two or three breeds. A deterministic model was developed to simulate the nutritional, biological, and economic performance ...
Warner J A - - 2000
The timing of events leading to allergic sensitisation has become a very important area in the attempt to halt the dramatic increase in the prevalence of diseases such as asthma, eczema and hay fever. Recent research has demonstrated that events taking place during the gestational period may well play a ...
Cavataio F - - 2000
Cow's milk allergy (CMA) and gastroesophageal reflux are considered to be among the most common disturbances in infants less than 1 year of age. In recent years, the relationship existing between these two entities has been investigated and some important conclusions have been reached: In just under half the cases ...
Kramer M S - - 2000
To assess the effects of prescribing an antigen avoidance diet to lactating mothers of infants with atopic eczema on the severity of the eczema. The register of clinical trials maintained and updated by the Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group. All acceptably controlled comparisons of maternal antigen avoidance prescribed to lactating ...
Kramer M S - - 2000
To assess the effects of prescribing an antigen avoidance diet during lactation on the nutritional status of the mother and newborn and on the development of atopic disease in the child. The main focus is on women whose infants are at high risk for developing an atopic condition, based on ...
Ziegler E E - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: Young infants commonly show occult intestinal blood loss when fed cow's milk, but in older infants blood loss may be less common. This study examined intestinal blood loss in response to cow's milk feeding in normal 7(1/2)-month-old and 12-month-old infants. STUDY DESIGN: Infants (n = 62) were fed formula ...
Kalliomäki M - - 1999
BACKGROUND: According to data from animal and in vitro studies, transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) has a crucial effect on 2 essential parts of the mucosal immune system: IgA production and oral tolerance induction. OBJECTIVE: We sought to ascertain whether TGF-beta in breast milk is associated with specific IgA production and ...
Kawai K - - 1999
The lactoferrin (LF) concentration in the milk from dairy cows with clinical mastitis was determined to evaluate the relationship between the LF concentration (LFC) in milk and the non-specific defensive capability of the udder. The mean LFC in 368 milk samples from 319 cows with clinical mastitis was significantly higher ...
Saarinen K M - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Breast milk contains immune factors that compensate for the underdeveloped defenses of the gut of the newborn infant. OBJECTIVE: We sought to study the importance of these factors in the immune responses of infants with cows' milk allergy (CMA) to the proteins in cows' milk (CM). METHODS: We prospectively ...
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