Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 743
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Stoney R M - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Australia has one of the highest prevalence rates internationally of allergic conditions, such as asthma and eczema. Atopy is one hallmark for the development of allergic disease and predisposes to allergic inflammation in the target organs. omega-3 (n-3) fatty acids (FAs) are thought to act as precursors to the ...
Vanto Timo - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether the development of tolerance to cow's milk (CM) by aged 4 years can be predicted with a skin prick test (SPT) and measurements of total or specific immunoglobulin E (IgE) in the serum, taken at the time of diagnosis of cow's milk hypersensitivity (CMH). STUDY DESIGN: ...
Eriksson S - - 2004
The aim of this study was to estimate direct and maternal genetic parameters for calving difficulty score, stillbirth, and birth weight at first and later parities for Charolais and Hereford cattle in Sweden. Calving traits have long been recorded for pure-bred beef cattle in Sweden, but only birth weight has ...
Breuer Kristine - - 2004
BACKGROUND: In the published studies on the efficacy of the topical immunomodulator pimecrolimus, different eczema scores were used, and the impact on morphological key signs of eczema was not analysed. OBJECTIVE: To compare the influence of pimecrolimus cream 1% on different standard eczema scores in infants with atopic dermatitis and ...
Chaffin M Keith - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To identify foal-related risk factors associated with development of Rhodococcus equi pneumonia among foals on farms with endemic R. equi infection. DESIGN: Prospective case-control study. ANIMALS: 220 foals at 2 equine breeding farms in Texas during a 2-year period. PROCEDURE: Information collected for each dam included age, time housed ...
Dunstan Janet A - - 2003
BACKGROUND: There is growing interest in the potential role of anti-inflammatory n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFAs) in the prevention of allergic disease. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine whether maternal dietary supplementation with n-3 PUFAs during pregnancy could modify immune responses in infants. METHODS: In a randomized, controlled trial 98 ...
Godden S - - 2003
The objectives of this study were to determine the effect of infusion with an internal teat seal at dry off, when used as an adjunct to long-acting antibiotic infusion at dry off, on the risk for acquiring a new intramammary infection (IMI) during the dry period, prevalence of IMI and ...
Johanson J M - - 2003
The objective of this research was to determine the effect of birth weight on perinatal mortality (PM) (alive or dead at 48 h of age) and dystocia (unassisted or assisted). Data were 4528 records of births between 1968 and 1999 from the Iowa State University research dairy farm in Ankeny. ...
de Vries A - - 2003
Total economic effects of decreased estrus detection efficiency (EDE) are a function of the economic loss per day and the length of the decrease. A stochastic dynamic dairy herd simulation model was used to determine whether estimates from permanently different EDE rates in herds of 100 and 1000 cows could ...
Liu Chieh-An - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The atopic history of parents has long been used to predict infant atopy. However, bias from questionnaires of allergic history are also frequently suspected, because a large number of vasomotor rhinitis, intrinsic asthma, and seborrheic dermatitis cases are probably misinterpreted to be atopic diseases. OBJECTIVE: We attempted to identify ...
Björkstén Bengt - - 2004
The aim of previous research into the causes of allergic diseases, including asthma was mostly to identify potential risk factors in the environment. No major risk factors have been identified, however. Over the past 10 years, focus has, therefore, more been directed towards protective factors that could enhance the development ...
Said R - - 2003
Sires of seven Bos taurus beef breeds were mated with Bos indicus Boran cows at two sites, one near sea level and the other at about 1000 m altitude, and over three years. Purebred Boran calves provided controls for comparisons between sire breeds for growth to 4 years of age, ...
Osterlund P - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The complex interactions between immune cells are partly mediated by different adhesion molecules, but little is known about their role in the systemic immunoinflammatory process following sensitization to food antigens in early infancy. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1or ...
Han Young-Shin - - 2003
This short-term, prospective study was aimed to assess the effects of partially hydrolyzed formula (PHF) on the prevention of the development of atopic dermatitis in infants at high risk. The infants of parents with allergy symptoms and serum total IgE over 200 kU/L were divided into 3 groups by their ...
Annesi-Maesano I - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Lead exposure and total immunoglobulin E (IgE) have been shown to be positively related in animals and humans even at lead levels below those recognized as toxic. In the last decades, exposure to lead has become more frequent in urban areas of industrialized as well as of developing countries ...
Halken Susanne - - 2003
The development and phenotypic expression of allergic airway disease depends on a complex interaction between genetic and several environmental factors, such as exposure to food, inhalant allergens and non-specific adjuvant factors (e.g. tobacco smoke, air pollution and infections). The first months of life seem to be a particularly vulnerable period ...
Bellanti Joseph A - - 2003
BACKGROUND: An increase in prevalence of allergic diseases has been seen at an unprecedented rate in many countries throughout the world. Associated with this increase in allergic disease has been a disturbing increase in morbidity and mortality of such diseases as asthma despite the availability of several new therapeutic agents ...
Hauer A C - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Food antigens from the maternal circulation may sensitize fetal T cells in utero and be an important determinant in the development of food allergy. METHODS: Here we have examined the spontaneous and recall response to cow's milk proteins of cord blood mononuclear cells (CBMC) of newborn children, using single ...
Fritsché Rodolphe - - 2003
Food allergies occur in about 5-10% of the overall infant and small-child population. Cow's milk protein allergy (CMPA) is the most common in young infants, with a 2-4% incidence. When breastfeeding is not possible, hypoallergenic (HA) cow's milk based formulas are usually given during the first months of life for ...
Philbey A W - - 2003
To define a neurological disorder in Angus calves. Clinical and pathological examinations were performed on affected Angus calves from a herd experiencing 1% annual mortality from neurological disease. Angus calves developed ataxia, nystagmus, strabismus, muscular tremors, opisthotonus, bruxism, hyperaesthesia, tetanic spasms and episodic convulsions at 2 to 6 weeks of ...
Sangild P T - - 2003
Neonatal mortality is very high in farm animals (approximately 10%) and disease resistance is greatly influenced by an adequate passive immunisation just after birth. In piglets, foals, calves and lambs, the intestinal absorption of immunoglobulins from their mother's colostrum occurs mainly by a non-specific endocytosis of macromolecules, but the details ...
Kramer M S - - 2003
Some breastfed infants with atopic eczema benefit from elimination of cow milk, egg, or other antigens from their mother's diet. Maternal dietary antigens are also known to cross the placenta. To assess the effects of prescribing an antigen avoidance diet during pregnancy and/or lactation on maternal and infant nutrition and ...
Salvatore Silvia - - 2002
Gastroesophageal reflux (GER) and cow milk allergy (CMA) occur frequently in infants younger than 1 year. In recent years, the relation between these 2 entities has been investigated and some important conclusions have been reached: in up to half of the cases of GER in infants younger than 1 year, ...
Ushiyama Yuh - - 2002
The prevalence of allergic diseases is high in Japan, even in infants. Their risk for developing allergies is influenced by the antigens in the mother's diet during pregnancy. We hypothesized that, apart from the antigens, hypersensitivity induced through high energy and nutrient intake by mothers during pregnancy may be a ...
Böttcher M F - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The association between salivary IgA levels and development of allergy is controversial and the employed methodology has been questioned. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to relate the levels of total IgA, SIgA and allergen-specific IgA antibodies in saliva to the development of allergy in infants during the ...
von der Weid T - - 2002
Several pathologies of the gastrointestinal tract, particularly food allergy, are due to an exaggerated and imbalanced response of the gut mucosal immune system. The intestinal microflora is an important constituent of the gut mucosal barrier against food allergens and there is increasing evidence that one important acquired factor predisposing to ...
Lopez N - - 2002
The relationship between wheezing or asthma and serum immunoglobulin (Ig)E levels in early life is unclear. The aim of this study was to follow-up the IgE immune response in infants that did, or did not, develop recurrent wheezing during their first year of life. One-hundred and two randomised term neonates ...
Negussie F - - 2002
An investigation was carried out into the behavioural and physical signs of oestrus in 70 Fogera cows and heifers between December 1993 and May 1994 at Metekel Cattle Breeding and Improvement Ranch, Ethiopia. Retrospective information generated from records made between 1991 and 1994 was evaluated for some aspects of the ...
Kirjavainen P V - - 2002
Recent data have outlined a relationship between the composition of the intestinal microflora and allergic inflammation, and demonstrated the competence of probiotics in downregulation of such inflammation. Our aims were to characterise the relationship between gut microbes and the extent of allergic sensitisation and to assess whether the efficacy of ...
Mayne C S - - 2002
A comprehensive database was established on the milk production and reproductive performance of dairy cows in 19 selected herds in Northern Ireland, varying in size, management system and genetic merit. Data were obtained for 2471 cows, 1775 of which calved in a second year, and 693 were culled from the ...
Saarinen Kristiina Mertta - - 2002
Growing evidence exists that exposure to cow's milk elicits inflammation in the gut of infants with cow's milk allergy, irrespective of symptoms. To demonstrate inflammation and increased protein leakage from the gut during a cow's milk elimination-challenge test in fecal samples of infants presenting with different symptoms suggestive of cow's ...
Bittrich S - - 2002
Morbidity and mortality of preterm neonatal calves are higher than of calves born at normal term, possibly and in part due to immaturity of physiological functions. Physiological parameters were therefore studied during the first week of life in seven preterm calves, born on day 277 of gestation after dams were ...
McLeay L M - - 2002
AIM: To determine whether the inclusion of NaCl in an antibloat drench increased the incidence of contraction of the reticular (oesophageal) groove in cattle. METHODS: Non-lactating Friesian dairy cows aged 3-10 years (n=30) were subjected to a 13C-octanoic-acid breath test after being drenched with either an anti-bloat solution alone or ...
Holloway J W - - 2002
The objective of this study was to determine the preweaning performance of F1 Brahman (Bos indicus)-, Senepol (Bos taurus)-, and Tuli (Sanga)-Angus calves under semiarid south Texas conditions and to evaluate the reproductive performance of their Angus dams. Four hundred eighty-nine records collected over 4 yr were analyzed. The statistical ...
Rancé F - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Allergy to protein hydrolysates seem to be on the rise but screening is difficult because of the wide range of symptoms. The goal of our study was to improve the screening process by skin prick testing infants with an anaphylactic form of allergy to cow's milk. METHODS: We studied ...
Abdallah J M - - 2002
The objective of this study was to compare daughters of proven (progeny-tested) and young sampling bulls available for use at the same time for yield traits, productive life, somatic cell score, and inbreeding. Data were from USDA sire evaluations of July 1989 through July 1994. Proven bulls used between 1989 ...
Klemola Timo - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: We conducted a prospective, randomized study to evaluate the cumulative incidence of allergy or other adverse reactions to soy formula and to extensively hydrolyzed formula up to the age of 2 years in infants with confirmed cow's milk allergy. STUDY DESIGN: Infants (n = 170) with documented cow's milk ...
Syed Muzaffar Hussain Bukhari
The project was designed to study the effects of various chemoprophylactic agents like, Colimune Ora (Group A), Cosumix Plus (Group B), Streptomagma (Group C), N.M.K. Powder (Group D), and Bio-Vet (Group E) on neonatal calf diarrhoea with reference to hematological, serological and bacteriological parameters. For the said project 30 calves ...
Jones Catherine A - - 2002
There is much interest in the role of early-life events in the subsequent development of atopy and/or atopic disease. Despite the ongoing debate about the intrauterine exposure of the fetus to environmental allergens and the establishment of T-cell memory, it is clear that the immunological response of the neonate at ...
Garzi A - - 2002
BACKGROUND: About 20 % of infants fed with breast-milk substitutes suffer from Gastro Esophageal Reflux (GER) and 1/3 of them also show Cow's Milk Allergy (CMA) symptoms. METHODS: We planned this study to assess by dynamic echography the usefulness of an Extensively Hydrolysed Cow's Milk Formula (eHF) in infants suffering ...
Ram F S - - 2002
In infants with a family history of atopy, food allergen avoidance has been advocated as means of preventing the development of atopic disease when breast-feeding is not possible or supplemental feeding is needed. Most infant formulas are based on cow's milk protein. Alternative choices include soya based and hydrolysed cows ...
Siu L Y - - 2001
Cow's milk protein allergy is a growing problem in developed countries. We report the case of a Chinese infant, born at term, who presented on day 28 with severe growth failure, chronic diarrhoea, and metabolic acidosis. Investigations supported a diagnosis of cow's milk protein allergy. This was confirmed by withdrawing ...
Kirjavainen P V - - 2001
We assessed the fecal microflora of 10 healthy infants and 27 infants with atopic eczema during breast-feeding and after weaning. The atopic infants had less frequently Gram-positive species among the most predominant aerobes and smaller total cell counts. Further differences were associated with more extensive manifestations, seen as higher bacteroides ...
Nentwich I - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Hydrolyzed milk formulas are recommended to feed infants at high risk of atopy if breast-feeding is not possible. We studied the specific cellular and humoral immune response to cow's milk proteins and occurrence of atopic dermatitis under different feeding regimens: two hydrolyzed infant milk formulas (partially [pHF] and extensively ...
Guin J D - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Hand eczema can have complex causative or aggravating influences, and the pattern, history, and patch test data are helpful in identifying sources and antigen substitution. OBJECTIVE: We studied our patients with hand eczema associated with exposure to baby wipes for pattern and sensitivities. METHODS: Patient records over a 10-year ...
Benn C S - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The positive association between a large head circumference at birth and total serum IgE levels has been suggested to be due to negative associations between head circumference at birth and thymus development and between thymus development and total serum IgE levels. OBJECTIVES: To examine the associations between head circumference ...
Björkstén B - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The intestinal microflora is a likely source for the induction of immune deviation in infancy. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to prospectively relate the intestinal microflora to allergy development in 2 countries differing with respect to the prevalence of atopic diseases. METHODS: Newborn infants were followed prospectively ...
Majamaa H - - 2001
The clinical significance and molecular specificity of hypersensitivity reactions to raw and cooked potatoes remain ambiguous. We therefore investigated the clinical hypersensitivity to raw and cooked potato in infants suspected to have potato allergy and compared the findings with the occurrence of immunoglobulin E (IgE) antibodies to patatin (Sol t ...
Norman H D - - 2001
Frequencies of births that were reported for specific days of the month were documented for US dairy cattle born since 1987 by birth year, herd size, and registry status and compared with calving frequencies for those dates. Because birth dates are expected to be random and uniformly distributed throughout each ...
Norman H D - - 2001
Characteristics of progeny-test (PT) programs of artificial insemination (AI) organizations in the United States were examined for changes since 1960. Mean number of bulls that were progeny tested annually by major AI organizations during the mid 1990s was 11 for Ayrshires, 24 for Brown Swiss, 21 for Guernseys, 1261 for ...
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