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Results 201 - 250 of 743
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Faber Marianne R - - 2005
A prematurely born infant developed rectal blood loss several hours after birth, after his first formula feeding. Discontinuing the feeding resolved symptoms, but after resuming feeding rectal blood loss reappeared. There were no signs of necrotizing enterocolitis. Suspecting cow's milk allergy, the feeding was changed to a casein-based protein hydrolysate, ...
Staab Doris - - 2005
Pimecrolimus cream 1%, a nonsteroid inhibitor of inflammatory cytokines, offers an alternative to corticosteroids in the treatment of atopic dermatitis. Here we evaluate pimecrolimus blood concentrations and tolerability to pimecrolimus cream 1% in 22 infants below 2 years of age with atopic dermatitis (10-92% body surface area affected at baseline). ...
Hovinen M - - 2005
Technical success and effectiveness of teat cleaning and the management factors associated with them were evaluated in 9 automatic milking herds. In total, 616 teats cleaned with a cleaning cup and 716 teats cleaned with rotating brushes were included. Technical success and the effectiveness of teat cleaning, including the location ...
Salpietro C D - - 2005
AIM: Elimination of the offending food is imperative in the management of children with cow-milk allergy/intolerance (CMA/CMI). Herein we report the result of randomized clinical trial carried out to test the efficacy and safety of a new almond-based food (hereinafter named almond milk) in a group of infant with CMI/CMA. ...
Agnew R E - - 2005
The objective of the present study was to investigate the potential of the urea dilution technique, coupled with live animal measures to predict the body components of dairy cattle. The study involved 104 lactating Holstein-Friesian cows offered grass silage-based diets. Urea space volume (USV) was calculated from 2 collection periods ...
Xanthakos Stavra A - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: Allergic colitis is often diagnosed clinically in healthy infants with rectal bleeding and often treated with costly hypoallergenic formula. The true prevalence of allergic colitis is unknown. We tested the hypothesis that allergic colitis is overdiagnosed in healthy infants with rectal bleeding. The authors also determined whether rectal bleeding ...
Cantani A - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Cow's milk (CM) allergy (CMA) is a disease of infancy, usually appearing in the first months of life. Symptoms triggered by CM at first introduction are not completely defined. The evaluation of infants for possible CMA is one of the more common problems encountered by pediatricians. Purpose of this ...
Kawano Yutaka - - 2005
Several in vitro studies have suggested the presence of Th2-skewed immunity during pregnancy in infants with atopic diseases. Our study indicated that allergic infants showed a higher birth weight and shorter gestational period at birth than those of non-allergic peers. Moreover, allergic mothers gave birth to neonates whose birth weights ...
Snowder G D - - 2005
The objective of this study was to characterize genetic and environmental factors influencing bovine respiratory disease (BRD) in beef cattle. Records from nine purebred and three composite breeds and a variety of F1 and three-way crosses, including the progeny of 12 additional different sire breeds produced over a 20-yr period ...
Viljanen Mirva - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The immunomodulating mechanisms of Lactobacillus GG (LGG) and other probiotics are poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: We studied in vivo the immunologic effects of probiotics in infants with atopic eczema-dermatitis syndrome (AEDS) and cow's milk allergy (CMA). METHODS: Two hundred thirty infants with AEDS and suspected CMA received, concomitant with elimination ...
Kimura Mitsuaki - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Although hen's eggs are considered a cause of infantile atopic dermatitis (AD), little is known about cytokine production upon egg stimulation in infants with AD. Objective: This study aimed to characterize the production of IL-4, IL-5 and IFN-gamma upon stimulation with ovalbumin (OVA), a representative allergenic protein of egg, ...
Prescott Susan L - - 2005
A family history of allergy and asthma identifies children at high risk of allergic disease. Dietary restrictions in pregnancy are not recommended. Avoiding inhalant allergens during pregnancy has not been shown to reduce allergic disease, and is not recommended. Breastfeeding should be recommended because of other beneficial effects, but if ...
Brown M A - - 2005
Milk yield from 160 Brangus cows sired by 65 Brangus bulls was measured over a 3-yr period with a single-cow milking machine to estimate the relationship of actual milk yield of daughters and their calves' BW with cow sire EPD for milk during the preweaning period. Milk yield was measured ...
Katz Kenneth A - - 2005
A 14-month-old girl and a 7-month-old boy each presented with a diffuse dermatitis, whole body edema, and hypoalbuminemia. The diets of both infants consisted almost entirely of Rice Dream, a rice-based, protein-poor beverage. Both infants were diagnosed with kwashiorkor, which resolved with protein supplementation. Clues from the physical examination, a ...
Viljanen M - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Probiotic bacteria are suggested to reduce symptoms of the atopic eczema/dermatitis syndrome (AEDS) in food-allergic infants. We aimed to investigate whether probiotic bacteria have any beneficial effect on AEDS. METHODS: Follow-up of severity of AEDS by the Severity Scoring of Atopic Dermatitis (SCORAD) index in 230 infants with suspected ...
Mejía Miguel Eduardo - - 2005
In Argentina, most dairy cows with endometritis are treated with prostaglandin (PGF(2alpha) or its analogs) and insemination is withheld until there are no signs of endometritis. The objective of the present study was to evaluate if this method of managing endometritis enhances reproductive performance. Three experiments were conducted over 4 ...
Snowder G D - - 2005
Infectious bovine keratoconjunctivitis (IBK) is one of the most economically important diseases in preweaned calves. This study examined the health records of 45,497 calves over a 20-yr period to determine environmental and genetic factors influencing the incidence of IBK. Three data sets were analyzed with an animal model. The first ...
Toma Tomoko - - 2005
BACKGROUND: There is increasing concern in Japan over infants with atopic dermatitis (AD) who present with severe systemic complications, such as hypoproteinemia, electrolyte disturbances, and delayed growth and development. They are often associated with extremely increased numbers of circulating eosinophils. However, the clinical significance of eosinophil expansion has not been ...
Viljanen Mirva - - 2005
Probiotic bacteria are proposed to alleviate intestinal inflammation in infants with atopic eczema/dermatitis syndrome (AEDS) and food allergy. In such infants we investigated effects of probiotic bacteria on faecal IgA, and on the intestinal inflammation markers tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), alpha1-antitrypsin (AT), and eosinophil cationic protein (ECP). A total of ...
Cohen Noah D - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To identify farm characteristics and management practices associated with development of Rhodococcus equi pneumonia in foals. DESIGN: Prospective case-control study. ANIMALS: 5230 foals on 138 breeding farms with 9136 horses. PROCEDURE: During 2003, participating veterinarians provided data from 1 or 2 farms with > or =1 foal with R ...
Kurzius-Spencer Margaret - - 2005
Prenatal factors have been implicated in childhood eczema, but the relationship between maternal cytokine production during pregnancy and infant eczema is unknown. Non-selected women in their third trimester were enrolled in the Tucson Infant Immune Study. Data from three sources were used to define MD-eczema: parent-completed illness questionnaires at age ...
Kerkhof Marjan - - 2005
There is increasing evidence that the development of the fetal immune system can be influenced by environmental exposure in utero. We investigated whether prenatal exposure is associated with a high neonatal total IgE level and sensitization at the age of 1 and 4 yr. Data from 1027 infants were collected ...
Voor T - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Early life events seem to have a major impact on the development of tolerance or sensitization. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to compare the prevalence of sensitization and atopic dermatitis (AD) during the first 2 years of life in Estonia and in Sweden. METHODS: Two groups comprising ...
Montiel F - - 2005
Prolonged postpartum anestrus is a main factor limiting reproductive efficiency in cattle, particularly in Bos indicus and Bos taurus/Bos indicus cows from tropical regions, because it prevents achievement of a 12 month calving interval. During anestrus, ovulation does not occur despite ovarian follicular development, because growing follicles do not mature. ...
Klaas I C - - 2005
Milk leakage in dairy cows is a symptom of impaired teat sphincter function. Milk leakage is related to an increased risk of mastitis in heifers and cows, and causes hygiene problems. The aim of our study was to assess whether teat shape, condition of teat orifice, and peak milk flow ...
Ruhl S - - 2005
During the first year of an infant's life, the oral environment is subject to drastic changes that coincide with the eruption of teeth. Proteins in saliva are important for protecting oral surfaces and provide receptors for bacterial adhesins. The objective of this longitudinal study was to monitor the general composition ...
Raidal S L - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To quantify absorption of colostral IgG by healthy neonatal foals and to test the hypothesis that delayed ingestion of macromolecules prolongs the duration of intestinal permeability to immunoglobulins (Ig) in newborn foals. ANIMALS: Thirteen mixed breed foals. PROCEDURE: Foals were randomly assigned to two treatment groups, which were fed ...
Foucard T - - 2005
The use of hydrolysed cow's milk formula seems to increase beyond what is recommended based on evidence regarding allergy-preventive effect. Infants born preterm are sometimes given such formulas without proven effect. If the use of hydrolysed cow's milk formula is based on allergy-preventive aspects, evidence-based recommendations should be followed.
Sogstad A M - - 2005
Approximately 88% of Norwegian dairy cattle are housed in tie stalls. Free stall housing for all dairy cattle will be implemented within 20 years. This means that the majority of existing stalls will be rebuilt in the near future. Fifty-seven free stall herds of the Norwegian Red breed were randomly ...
Denburg Judah A - - 2005
Dietary n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) may represent a mode of allergy prevention. Cord blood (CB) CD34+ hemopoietic progenitors are altered in infants at risk of atopy. We therefore studied the effects of dietary n-3 PUFA supplementation during pregnancy on numbers and function of progenitors in neonates at high risk ...
Kimata H - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of latex allergy in children is increasing worldwide. Previous multiple operations or atopic predisposition are known risk factors. In contrast, only sporadic cases of latex allergy have been reported in infants younger than 1 year, and the causative latex-containing products or symptoms in young infants have not ...
Garbarino E J - - 2004
A longitudinal study was conducted to examine the relationship between lameness and delayed ovarian cyclicity during the first 60 d postpartum and days to first luteal activity during the first 300 d postpartum in Holstein cows. Two hundred thirty-eight cows from a 600-cow dairy that calved during a 12-mo period ...
Chang Jen-Chieh - - 2004
Allergic mechanism has long been attributed to IgE-mediated reaction. The relationship between gene polymorphism and cord blood IgE (CB IgE) is unclear. We investigated whether elevation of CB IgE levels was associated with polymorphisms of cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen 4 (CTLA-4) at (-318) CT and (+49) AG positions in a gender-limited ...
Kimura Mitsuaki - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Although food allergens and house dust mites are thought to contribute to the development of atopic dermatitis (AD) in infants, the influence of pollens has not yet been well defined. OBJECTIVE: This study attempted to clarify the effect of Japanese cedar pollens (JCPs), which are scattered in Japan between ...
Rautava Samuli - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: A failure in the establishment and maintenance of oral tolerance in infancy may result in food allergy. To further assess the role of the intestinal immune system in cow's milk allergy (CMA), we investigated the systemic production of the pro-allergenic Th2 cytokine interleukin (IL)-4 and anti-allergenic cytokines IL-10, transforming ...
Corrales J C - - 2004
From 19 herds of Murciano-Granadina goats, weekly bulk tank somatic cell count (BTSCC) were performed from October to April, and suspicious milk (n = 182), synovial fluid, and ocular swabs (n = 15) from diseased goats were processed for mycoplasma isolation and identification. Also BTSCC from 65 herds were determined ...
Funston R N - - 2004
A 3-yr study was conducted with spring-born heifers (n = 240) to determine the effects of developing heifers to either 55 or 60% of mature BW at breeding on reproduction and calf production responses. A concurrent study was also conducted with summer-born heifers (n = 146) to examine effects of ...
van Gool C J A W - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The hygiene hypothesis suggests that the protective 'siblings effect' against atopic diseases such as atopic dermatitis, allergic asthma and hay fever is a result of recurrent infections during early childhood. A recent study and review have indicated that this protective effect may already arise in utero. Lower n-3 essential ...
Sapp R L - - 2004
Teat and udder suspensory scores from 9,418 first-parity Gelbvieh cows and growth records from 19,119 calves were used to estimate genetic and environmental parameters for teat and suspensory score and to investigate the relationship of teat and suspensory score with calf growth traits and maternal genetic growth effects. First-parity cows ...
Høst A - - 2004
Hypoallergenic formulas are processed by enzymatic hydrolysis of different protein sources such as bovine casein/whey and soy followed by further processing such as heat treatment and/or ultrafiltration, or they are based on amino acid mixtures. The products have been classified according to the degree of protein hydrolysis as 'extensively' or ...
Pohjavuori Emma - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Probiotic bacteria are potentially beneficial to maturation of the infant's immune system. OBJECTIVE: To examine the role of probiotic bacteria in treatment of cow's milk allergy (CMA) and IgE-associated dermatitis, we investigated the immunologic effects of Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG (LGG) and a mixture of 4 bacterial species (MIX). METHODS: ...
Kimura M - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Japanese cedar pollens (JCPs) spread over most areas of Japan from February to April and cause pollenosis. While IgE synthesis against JCPs starts after age 1, it remains to be clarified when JCP-specific T helper cells acquire the ability to produce IL-4, a cytokine that induces IgE synthesis. OBJECTIVE: ...
Jenkins T G - - 2004
Production data were collected on mature cows produced by mating Angus and Hereford (pooled AH), Brahman (Bh) and Boran (Br), and Tuli, a tropically adapted Bos taurus, sires by AI or natural service to Angus and Hereford cows. These cows were mated to Charolais bulls for the purpose of this ...
Riley D G - - 2004
The objectives of this study were to assess the risk associated with proportion Brahman inheritance, cow age, dystocia, and birth date weather conditions on calf vigor at birth (n = 3,253) and preweaning mortality (n = 3,631), and to estimate heritabilities for these traits. Calves that had poor vigor at ...
Forabosco F - - 2004
Longevity is an increasingly important trait in beef cattle. Increased longevity decreases costs for the farmer and increases revenue. The objective of this research was to investigate the phenotypic relationship between type traits and longevity in Chianina beef cattle, and the relationship between production and longevity, to analyze the effect ...
García-Ara M C - - 2004
BACKGROUND: IgE-mediated cow's milk proteins (CMPs) allergy shows a tendency to disappear with age. The sooner tolerance is detected, the earlier the substitute diets can be suspended and the quicker family emotional hardship is alleviated. OBJECTIVE: To analyse the specific IgE levels to cow's milk and its proteins, which help ...
Wabacha J K - - 2004
A three-phase study was conducted in high-potential farming and peri-urban area in Kikuyu Division central Kenya to obtain farm and management data and to monitor health and productivity of pigs in smallholder farms. The first phase was a cross-sectional study in which 87 farms (that had been selected from a ...
Skrzypek R - - 2004
The aim of this paper was a retrospective analysis of factors affecting the somatic cell count (SCC) in cow bulk tank milk. The investigations concerned the year 2000 and were conducted on 212 family dairy farms in the Wielkopolska region (Western Poland). The average herd size was 13.3 cows (ranging ...
Benn Christine S - - 2004
Sodium/potassium (Na/K) ratios are considered to be a marker of mammary epithelial paracellular permeability. The aim of the present study was to investigate the association between maternal atopy and Na/K ratios in breast milk and the association between Na/K ratios in breast milk and the development of atopy in the ...
van Amstel S R - - 2004
Thin soles and resulting lameness are often associated with increased culling rates in large dairy operations. The moisture content of the sole horn may cause the horn to be softer, thus predisposing it to an increased rate of wear. For that reason, the first objective of this study was to ...
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