Search Results
Results 151 - 200 of 753
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Vandenplas Yvan - - 2007
Our aim was to develop guidance for general paediatricians and primary care physicians in diagnosing and managing cow's milk protein allergy in infants. The guidelines were developed by discussion based on existing national recommendations and standards, clinical experience and, whenever possible, evidence from the literature. Separate algorithms cover breast-fed and ...
Wynn R J - - 2007
We report a term infant with gastroschisis who presented with a systemic allergic reaction at a specific time of each day coinciding with infusion from a new preparation of total parenteral nutrition and intravenous lipid emulsion. The source of latex was traced to the rubber stopper of the lipid emulsion. ...
Compton C W R - - 2007
A longitudinal observational field study was conducted using 708 heifers in 30 spring-calving dairy herds in the Waikato region of New Zealand. The aim of the study was to investigate risk factors for subclinical and clinical mastitis (CM) in the peripartum period using path analysis methods and to find the ...
Binns Colin W - - 2007
AIM: The aim of this study was to document current practice in an Australia city regarding the introduction of whole cows milk to children under the age of 12 months. METHODS: A cohort study of mothers and infants, recruited at birth was undertaken in Perth, Australia. A total of 587 ...
Filipiak Birgit - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between the introduction of solid foods in the first 12 months and the occurrence of eczema during the first 4 years of life in a prospective study of newborns. STUDY DESIGN: Data were taken from annually administered questionnaires from a large birth cohort (recruited 1995-1998) ...
Sicherer Scott H - - 2007
Peanut allergy is typically lifelong, often severe, and potentially fatal. Because reactions can occur from small amounts, the allergy presents patients with significant obstacles to avoid allergic reactions. In North America and the United Kingdom, prevalence rates among schoolchildren are now in excess of 1%, framing an increasing public health ...
Hill David J - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Because community-based studies, which report IgE food sensitization (IgE-FS) in more than 80% of infants with moderate atopic eczema, may be influenced by referral bias, we assessed the prevalence of IgE-FS in a cohort of infants with moderate atopic eczema attending a dermatology department clinic. STUDY DESIGN: Consecutive infants ...
Miyake Yoshihiro - - 2007
Atopic eczema is most commonly diagnosed in children under the age of 5 yr. Environmental factors during pregnancy or in early life may confer risk for childhood atopic eczema. The present prospective study examined the relationship of the perinatal home environment and the risk of suspected atopic eczema among Japanese ...
Shaaban Rafea - - 2007
RATIONALE: Patients with allergic rhinitis have more frequent bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR) in cross-sectional studies. OBJECTIVES: To estimate the changes in BHR in nonasthmatic subjects with and without allergic rhinitis during a 9-year period. METHODS: BHR onset was studied in 3,719 subjects without BHR at baseline, who participated in the follow-up ...
Hill D J - - 2007
The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the efficacy of amino acid-based formulas (AAF) in patients with cow's milk allergy (CMA). Studies were identified using electronic databases and bibliography searches. Subjects eligible for inclusion were patients of any age with CMA or symptoms suggestive of it. Comparisons of ...
Grainger C - - 2007
Our study compared methane (CH4) emissions from lactating dairy cows measured using the sulfur hexafluoride (SF6) tracer and open-circuit respiration chamber techniques. The study was conducted using 16 lactating Holstein-Friesian cows. In each chamber, the cow was fitted with the SF6 tracer apparatus to measure total CH4 emissions, including emissions ...
Cole J B - - 2007
(Co)variance components for stillbirth in US Holsteins were estimated under a sire-maternal grandsire threshold model using subsets of data from the national calving ease database, which includes over 6 million calving records with associated stillbirth scores. Stillbirth was coded as a binomial trait indicating whether the calf was alive 48 ...
Cole J B - - 2007
A sire-maternal grandsire threshold model was used for genetic evaluation of stillbirth in US Holsteins. Calving ease and stillbirth records for herds reporting at least 10 dead calves were extracted from the Animal Improvement Programs Laboratory database. About half of the 14 million calving ease records in the database had ...
Ohtsuka Yoshikazu - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Lower gastrointestinal bleeding (LGB), particularly in newborns, is of serious concern and requires urgent investigation and hospital care. Whereas allergic proctocolitis caused by food protein is a significant cause of LGB in infants with eosinophilia, there are several cases of diseases with symptoms similar to those of allergic proctocolitis ...
Suzuki S - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Bifidobacterium is a dominant genus in the intestinal microbiota of infants and comprises many different species. A series of studies performed in northern Europe showed differences in the composition of Bifidobacterium species between allergic infants and healthy controls. Additional studies are needed to confirm this observation. OBJECTIVE: To investigate ...
Lowe A J - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Eczema is commonly associated with sensitization in infants, but the causative role of sensitization in the development of eczema has been questioned. OBJECTIVE: To determine if allergic sensitization increases the risk of developing eczema, or alternatively, if eczema increases the risk of developing allergic sensitization. METHODS: We used data ...
Abrahamsson Thomas R - - 2007
BACKGROUND: An altered microbial exposure may underlie the increase of allergic diseases in affluent societies. Probiotics may alleviate and even prevent eczema in infants. OBJECTIVE: To prevent eczema and sensitization in infants with a family history of allergic disease by oral supplementation with the probiotic Lactobacillus reuteri. METHODS: Double-blind, randomized, ...
Van Vleck L D - - 2007
Adjustment factors to allow comparison of EPD from several breed associations for birth, weaning, and yearling weights have been available for more than 10 yr. This paper describes steps to calculate adjustment factors for EPD for 4 carcass traits: marbling score, fat thickness, ribeye area, and retail product percentage. The ...
Ouwehand Arthur C - - 2007
A considerable part of the Western population suffers from some form of allergy, and the incidence is still rising with no sign of an end to this trend. Reduced exposure to microbial allergens as a result of our hygienic lifestyle has been suggested as one of the possible causes. It ...
Amen T S - - 2007
Angus (A) and Bos indicus (B; Brahman or Nellore) reciprocal backcross, embryo transfer calves, belonging to 28 full-sib families, were evaluated for differences in birth weight, gestation length, and weaning weight. Two methods were investigated; method I made no distinction between how the F(1) parents were produced, whereas method II ...
Andreasyan Karen - - 2007
Studies on the role of non-milk fluids in the development of child atopic disease are scarce. We had a unique opportunity to investigate prospective association between the introduction of fruit syrup, orange juice, sterilized water, vitamins and honey at 1 month and the development of child atopic disease. The exposure ...
JarmoĊ‚owska Beata - - 2007
Beta-casomorphins, opioid peptides present in mother's milk, are a good substrate for DPPIV (EC 3.4.14.5) which is a major factor limiting the half-life of biologically active peptides. Serum DPPIV activity of two groups of infants (healthy and atopic dermatitis) and contents of beta-casomorphin-5 and -7 in their mothers' milk were ...
Batchelder Cynthia A - - 2007
The period immediately after birth is a vital time for all newborn calves as the cardiovascular, respiratory, and other organ systems adapt to life ex utero. Reported neonatal mortality rates suggest this period to be especially critical in cloned calves; yet prospective, controlled studies on the physiological status of these ...
von Berg Andrea - - 2007
Infancy represents the period in which an individual may be at the highest risk of sensitization. During the first year of life around 2.5% of neonates experience hypersensitivity reactions to cow's milk protein, which is highly associated with early exposure to cow's milk. Attempts to avoid sensitization in this very ...
Michaelsen Kim Fleischer - - 2007
There are differences between at what age industrialized countries recommend that cow's milk can be introduced to infants. Most countries recommend waiting until 12 months of age, but according to recommendations from some countries (e.g. Canada, Sweden and Denmark) cow's milk can be introduced from 9 or 10 months. The ...
Ziegler Ekhard E - - 2007
The feeding of cow's milk has adverse effects on iron nutrition in infants and young children. Several different mechanisms have been identified that may act synergistically. Probably most important is the low iron content of cow's milk. It makes it difficult for the infant to obtain the amounts of iron ...
Ram F S F - - 2007
In infants with a family history of atopy, food allergen avoidance has been advocated as means of preventing the development of atopic disease, when breast-feeding is not possible or supplemental feeding is needed. Most infant formulas are based on cow's milk protein. Alternative choices include soya based and hydrolysed cows ...
Osborn D A - - 2007
The composition of the intestinal microflora may be different in individuals with atopic eczema from those without this condition, and such differences may precede the development of eczema. Probiotics are live bacteria that colonize the gastrointestinal tract and provide a health benefit to the host. Probiotics added to infant feeds ...
Klaassens Eline S - - 2007
A metaproteomics approach comprising two-dimensional gel electrophoresis and matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight (mass spectrometry) was applied to the largely uncultured infant fecal microbiota for the first time. The fecal microbial metaproteome profiles changed over time, and one protein spot contained a peptide sequence that showed high similarity to ...
Penders J - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The rise in atopic diseases has been linked to disturbances in the intestinal microbiota composition. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the intestinal microbiota composition in infants in whom atopic (IgE-associated) eczema was or was not developing, using a molecular fingerprinting technique. METHODS: Within a prospective ...
Snijders B E P - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Conflicting evidence exists concerning the protective role of breastfeeding in allergy and atopic disease aetiology. Breast milk contains biologically active molecules influencing the innate immune system of newborns. OBJECTIVE: We aim to assess whether cytokines (TGF-beta1, IL-10 and IL-12) and soluble CD14 (sCD14) in breast milk are influenced by ...
Jøhnke Hanne - - 2006
Longitudinal studies in infant populations using validated diagnostic criteria of atopic dermatitis and sensitization are rarely reported, and disease definitions, testing procedures, age of study population and evaluation of objective markers vary between countries and studies. The objectives of this prospective birth cohort study were to investigate: (i) the prevalence, ...
Swali A - - 2007
Epidemiological studies in humans suggest that small size at birth is a predictor of some adult diseases. Nutritional constraint experienced in utero may result in fetal adaptations, which alter subsequent body structure and physiology. Size at birth is influenced by maternal age and parity. Most dairy cows are bred for ...
Kukkonen Kaarina - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The increase in allergic diseases is attributed to a relative lack of microbial stimulation of the infantile gut immune system. Probiotics, live health-promoting microbes, might offer such stimulation. OBJECTIVE: We studied the effect of a mixture of 4 probiotic bacterial strains along with prebiotic galacto-oligosaccharides in preventing allergic diseases. ...
Taylor Angie L - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Despite preliminary evidence, the role of probiotics in allergy prevention is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether early probiotic supplementation prevents allergic disease in high-risk infants. METHODS: Newborns of women with allergy (n = 231) received either Lactobacillus acidophilus (LAVRI-A1) or placebo daily for the first 6 months of life. ...
Wurzinger M - - 2006
A survey in Burundi, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda was conducted in order to determine the different production systems under which Ankole cattle are currently kept. Additionally, selection criteria of livestock keepers were documented. In Burundi, Rwanda and parts of Uganda, livestock keepers are sedentary and herds are small, whereas in ...
Park J-H - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Atopic dermatitis (AD) has been divided into the extrinsic type (ADe) and the intrinsic type (ADi) according to the serum IgE levels and the presence or absence of allergen-specific IgE. Although previous studies have demonstrated differences in the various immunological parameters, the characteristics of AD in infancy have rarely ...
Rautava Samuli - - 2006
The first months of life represent a critical period for the maturation of the infant's immune system and, thus, a window of opportunity for measures to reduce the risk of disease. We hypothesized that specific probiotics might promote mucosal immunologic maturation in formula-fed infants. The numbers of cow's milk-specific and ...
Gasser C L - - 2006
Precocious puberty can be induced in a majority of heifers weaned early and fed a high-concentrate diet. The objective of this experiment was to determine whether induction of precocious puberty is associated with an acceleration of ovarian maturation in heifers. Crossbred Angus and Simmental heifer calves were weaned at 104 ...
Jamison Jennifer R - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: In addition to the more usual cutaneous, gastrointestinal, and respiratory problems, infants with cow's milk intolerance (CMI) may present with a disturbed sleep pattern. Frustrated mothers may turn to their doctor of chiropractic for assistance. This pilot study shows how a therapeutic trial may offer a realistic, noninvasive approach ...
Maltecca C - - 2006
Differences in conception rates in matings of Holstein sires or F1 Jersey x Holstein sires to Holstein dams in the University of Wisconsin-Madison experimental herd were evaluated, as were differences in birth weight, dystocia, serum protein, serum IgG, fecal consistency, respiratory disease, and perinatal and pre-weaning mortality among the resulting ...
Roche J R - - 2006
According to the Trivers-Willard hypothesis, maternal condition at or around conception affects the secondary sex ratio in mammals. However, there are little or no data available on indicators of maternal condition in dairy cows on the sex of the resultant offspring. A total of 76,607 body condition score (BCS; scale ...
Swali A - - 2006
Genetic selection has resulted in larger cows with high milk production potential but a tendency for poor fertility. In multiparous cows fetal development competes for nutrients with concurrent milk production. This study tested the hypotheses that (a) maternal age and milk yield during pregnancy alter calf birth size and (b) ...
Rada Vojtech - - 2006
Sixty-four breast-fed infants and 23 calves were investigated for bacteria and enzymatic activity in their faecal samples. The bacteria were measured using cultivation and fluorescence in situ hybridization. Enzymatic activity was also examined. Forty-seven (64%) infants and all the calves had high numbers of bifidobacteria (usually >9 log CFU g-1) ...
Rigotti E - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Precise relationship between breastfeeding and infant allergy is poorly understood. Objective Aim was to quantify TGF-beta(1) and IL-10 in colostrum and mature milk from allergic and non-allergic mothers and to verify relationship with allergic disease development. METHODS: Mothers (13 allergics, nine controls) of 22 newborns participated to prospective study ...
Kimata H - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Stress enhanced allergic skin wheal responses and allergen-specific IgE production. In contrast, mothers' kissing caused relaxation in infants, and kissing by lovers or spouses to atopic patients reduced allergic skin wheal responses. I studied the effect of kissing on production of allergen-specific IgE and cytokines in atopic patients. METHODS: ...
Böttcher M F - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of atopic disease among children in the formerly socialist countries in Europe, with a life style similar to that prevailing in Western Europe 30-40 years ago, is low, whereas there has been a pronounced increase in industrialized countries over the last decades. The environment during infancy influences ...
Coleman Brenda L - - 2006
Early introduction of cow's milk is a risk factor for the development of anaemia and iron deficiency, which is associated with lower childhood developmental scores. The objective of this paper is to describe the incidence of the introduction of cow's milk before the recommended age of nine months and factors ...
Arvola Taina - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Rectal bleeding is an alarming symptom and requires additional investigation. In infants it has been explained mainly by hypersensitivity. In addition to dietary antigens, intraluminal microbial agents challenge the immature gut mucosa. Although controlled in the mature gut, these antigens may induce inflammation in the developing gastrointestinal tract. The ...
Kitz Richard - - 2006
Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) are components of cell membranes and may play an immunomodulating role in the pathogenesis of atopic dermatitis (AD). The goal was to determine the impact of PUFAs on AD by dietary supplementation of infants. Based on the parents' decision on their babies' primary feeding, mothers and ...
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