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Vieira Mário C - - 2010
Cow's milk is the most common food allergen in infants and the diagnosis of cow's milk allergy is difficult, even with the use of several diagnostic tests. Therefore, elimination diets and challenge tests are essential for the diagnosis and treatment of this disorder. The aim of this study is to ...
Hong Pei-Ying - - 2010
Eczema is a chronic form of childhood disorder that is gaining in prevalence in affluent societies. Previous studies hypothesized that the development of eczema is correlated with changes in microbial profile and composition of early life endemic microbiota, but contradictory conclusions were obtained, possibly due to the lack of minimization ...
Sybilski A J - - 2009
We assessed correlations of total and specific cord-blood IgE (cIgE) levels with allergic symptoms in the first year of life. cIgE levels were determined by an immunoassay test in full-term neonates. This is a prospective study in which a questionnaire was used after birth, and at 6 and 12 months ...
Thompson-Chagoyan Oscar C - - 2010
Major differences have been found in gut microbiota between healthy and allergic children, and a possible association between allergy and altered microbiota patterns have been postulated. The main object of the study was to compare the faecal microbiota between healthy and cow's milk protein allergy (CMPA) infants at the baseline ...
Kim Ji Yeun - - 2010
Controversy exists regarding the preventive effect of probiotics on the development of eczema or atopic dermatitis. We investigated whether supplementation of probiotics prevents the development of eczema in infants at high risk. In a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, 112 pregnant women with a family history of allergic diseases received a ...
Meazza C - - 2009
Pygmies, a population characterized by short stature, have high immunoglobulin (Ig) concentrations. In this study, we evaluated Ig levels in Cameroons Babinga Pygmies from infancy to adulthood and the effects of a national health program on these Ig levels. We found that IgG and IgM levels were outside the normal ...
Han Youngshin - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The differences in the characteristics of breastfed and formula fed individuals with allergy have been addressed in few studies and remain controversial. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of breastfed on the development of food allergy and sensitization against food allergens in infants with atopic dermatitis (AD). METHODS: We reviewed ...
Devenney Irene - - 2010
Eczema is characterized by inflammation of the skin and is commonly associated with food allergy. It has been suggested that nitric oxide (NO) is an important player in eczema, food allergy and intestinal inflammation. The aim of this study was to assess the levels of urinary NO breakdown products in ...
Vasseur E - - 2009
Dairy producers often complain that calves have difficulty consuming the recommended amount of colostrum. A better understanding of factors affecting calves' motivation to ingest colostrum could help develop better management. Thirty-six Holstein calves were tested to evaluate effects of time since birth (2 vs. 6 h) and provision of a ...
Kukkonen Kaarina - - 2010
Development of oral tolerance and its stimulation by probiotics are still incomprehensible. Microbial stimulation of the gut may induce a subtle inflammation and induce secretion of mucosal IgA, which participates in antigen elimination. In a cohort of allergy-prone infants receiving probiotics and prebiotics or placebo we studied intestinal IgA and ...
McConnel C S - - 2009
Increasing levels of dairy cow mortality pose a challenge to the US dairy industry. The industry's current understanding of dairy cow mortality is reliant upon descriptions largely based on producer or veterinary assumptions regarding cause of death without the benefit of detailed postmortem evaluations. A thorough necropsy is a superior ...
Miller R H - - 2009
A retrospective study of the impact of the estimated breeding values of sires and maternal grandsires for somatic cell score (SCS) on productive life (PL) of Holsteins and Jerseys was conducted. Data included records from 2,626,425 Holstein and 142,725 Jersey cows. The sires and maternal grandsires of cows were required ...
Boyle R J - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Infants at increased risk of allergic disease have altered immune function at birth, but the specific immune changes described differ between studies and their precise nature is not well defined. Changes affecting innate immune responses may be particularly important in allergic disease pathogenesis. OBJECTIVE: We investigated whether inherited risk ...
Hong Pei-Ying - - 2009
The Bifidobacterium spp. present in 10 infant fecal samples (4 from infants with eczema and 6 from healthy infants) were quantified with both hierarchical oligonucleotide primer extension (HOPE) and fluorescence in situ hybridization-flow cytometry. The relative abundances of Bifidobacterium longum and B. catenulatum with respect to the total bifidobacteria had ...
Sjögren Y M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Early colonization with bifidobacteria and lactobacilli is postulated to protect children from allergy, while Clostridium (C.) difficile colonization might be associated with allergic disease. Previous studies of infant gut microbiota in relation to subsequent allergy development have mostly employed culture-dependent techniques, studied genera of bacteria and the follow-up period ...
de Benedictis F M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: No study has compared allergic sensitization patterns in infants with atopic eczema from different countries. The aim of this study was to investigate the patterns of allergic sensitization in a cohort of infants with atopic eczema participating in a multicentre, international study. METHODS: Two thousand one hundred and eighty-four ...
Soh S E - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The role of probiotics in allergy prevention remains uncertain but has been shown in some studies to have a possible protective effect on eczema. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to assess the effect of probiotic supplementation in the first 6 months of life on eczema and allergic sensitization at 1 year ...
Thygarajan Ananth - - 2008
To review the American Academy of Pediatrics statement on the effects of early nutritional interventions on the development of atopic disease in infants and children. Recent findings suggest that restriction of maternal diet during pregnancy and lactation does not play a major role in the development of allergic disease. In ...
Yang J - - 2009
Angus Plus cattle offer advantages for heat tolerance and forage utilization by introduction of Brangus and Brahman to Angus. To evaluate its adaptability in Hawaii Islands, we reported the growth performances of 213 F1 Angus Plus calve grazing on pasture. Least-square means of pre-weaning ADG ranged from 1,087 to 1,167 ...
Kucukosmanoglu E - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Cow's milk (CM) hypersensitivity is one of the most frequent hypersensitivities in infants. The objective of our study was to investigate the prevalence of immediate hypersensitivity to CM based on skin prick test results and to evaluate associated allergic conditions ascertained by questionnaire in infants living in Istanbul. METHODS: ...
Miller R H - - 2008
Factors that affect frequency of death of lactating cows were studied for cows with records that terminated from 1995 through 2005. Analyses included effects of herd, year, month, parity, and lactation stage at lactation termination as well as cow breed and milk yield. A national data set (15,025,035 lactations in ...
Chigerwe Munashe - - 2008
Objective-To determine the amount of colostral IgG required for adequate passive transfer in calves administered colostrum by use of oroesophageal intubation and evaluate the impact of other factors on passive transfer of colostral immunoglobulins in calves. Animals-120 Holstein bull calves. Procedures-Calves were randomly assigned to specific treatment groups on the ...
Brill Herbert - - 2008
To provide a practical, evidence-based approach to the diagnosis and management of milk protein allergy in infants. MEDLINE was searched from 1950 to March 2008 using the MeSH heading milk-hypersensitivity. Additional sources were derived from reviews found with the initial search strategy. Evidence was levels I, II, and III. Milk ...
Tepper Robert S - - 2008
Family histories of atopy, as well as histories of atopic dermatitis and food allergy, are important risk factors for an infant to have asthma. Although atopic sensitization appears to contribute to the development of asthma, it is unclear when the airways become involved with the atopic process and whether airway ...
Hultgren Jan - - 2008
We carried out a longitudinal study of 122 dairy herds in southwest Sweden to investigate relationships of rearing conditions and health with heifer breeding performance and to estimate the incidence of clinical diseases and survival until 1st calving. A total of 3081 animals born in 1998 (47% Swedish Red; 50% ...
Suzuki Shuichi - - 2008
Recent studies have suggested that intestinal microbiota play a substantial role in the development of allergic diseases during infancy. We analyzed fecal microbiota in 18 Japanese infants with or without allergy at 6 months and 2 years of age using a cell culture technique. Allergy determination was based on doctor-diagnosed ...
Arslanoglu Sertac - - 2008
A mixture of neutral short-chain galactooligosaccharides (scGOS) and long-chain fructooligosaccharides (lcFOS) has been shown to reduce the incidence of atopic dermatitis (AD) and infectious episodes during the first 6 mo of life. This dual protection occurred through the intervention period. The present study evaluated if these protective effects were lasting ...
Bar D - - 2008
Bovine clinical mastitis (CM) can be detrimental to a dairy farm's profitability, not only in terms of lost production and treatment costs, but also because of the loss of the cows themselves. Our objective was to estimate the effects of multiple occurrences of generic bovine CM on mortality and culling. ...
van Hoffen E - - 2009
BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that human breast milk oligosaccharides play a role in the development of the immune system in infants, and may consequently inhibit the onset of allergy. A specific prebiotic mixture of short-chain galacto-oligosaccharides and long-chain fructo-oligosaccharides (GOS/FOS) has been shown to reduce the incidence of atopic ...
Hol Jeroen - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Cow's milk allergy (CMA) is the most frequently diagnosed food allergy in infancy. In general, patients have a good prognosis because the majority acquire tolerance within the first years. Interventions have been proposed to accelerate tolerance and reduce morbidity. Probiotic supplementation could be effective through modulation of the immune ...
Goldfarb Marcia F - - 2008
Several studies of infant feeding show a causal relationship between time of introduction of formula containing cow protein and risk of onset of type-1 diabetes mellitus. This paper cites the literature pro and con and discusses lipocalins which might play a role in the pathogensis. beta Lactoglobulin, a major lipocalin ...
Bishop Hannah - - 2008
The objective of this study was to assess the reproductive performance of Rwandan cattle and determine the effects of husbandry practices on reproduction. One hundred and fifty Ankole and Crossbreed cattle from 87 farms, were body condition scored (BCS) on a scale of 1 (lean) to 5 (fat), and examined ...
Miller V - - 2008
The duration of anestrus in cattle was usually shortened when cows were exposed to bulls. The objective of the present experiment was to determine if weekly bull exchange accelerated the resumption of cyclicity in postpartum suckled beef cows. We tested the hypothesis that exposure of postpartum, anestrous, suckled beef cows ...
Marschan E - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Probiotics are widely studied both in the treatment and prevention of allergic diseases, but their mode of action is poorly known. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to examine the effect of probiotic bacteria on in vivo cytokine, antibody, and inflammatory responses in allergy-prone infants. METHODS: In a randomized double-blind study, ...
Nakazato Junko - - 2008
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is considered to be Th2 cell-mediated disorder. In most infants with AD, AD may be induced by food allergy. In the early stage of infantile AD, it is unclear whether there are changes in serum Th2 chemokines or in Th2 chemokine production by peripheral blood mononuclear cells ...
Gabriele Carmelo - - 2008
Cow's milk allergy (CMA) is the most common food allergy in early childhood. The golden standard for the diagnosis of CMA is a food challenge after a period of elimination. Increased levels of fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FE(NO)) have been shown after bronchial allergen provocation. We evaluated whether FE(NO) may ...
Høst Arne - - 2008
Because of scientific fraud four trials have been excluded from the original Cochrane meta-analysis on formulas containing hydrolyzed protein for prevention of allergy and food intolerance in infants. Unlike the conclusions of the revised Cochrane review the export group set up by the Section on Paediatrics, European Academy of Allergology ...
Greer Frank R - - 2008
This clinical report reviews the nutritional options during pregnancy, lactation, and the first year of life that may affect the development of atopic disease (atopic dermatitis, asthma, food allergy) in early life. It replaces an earlier policy statement from the American Academy of Pediatrics that addressed the use of hypoallergenic ...
Forno Erick - - 2008
A modest number of prospective studies of the composition of the intestinal microbiota and eczema in early life have yielded conflicting results. To examine the relationship between the bacterial diversity of the gut and the development of eczema in early life by methods other than stool culture. Fecal samples were ...
Savilahti Erkki - - 2008
The role of early infant nutrition in the development of allergic symptoms and allergic sensitization has been disputed for 70 years. Interaction between genetic factors and infant feeding has been limited to studies on parental heredity of allergy and length of breastfeeding, as well as the qualities of breast milk. ...
Thomsen Peter T - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Mortality risk in Danish dairy cows has more than doubled since 1990 (from 2% in 1990 to 5% in 2005). Until now, registrations about dead cows in the Danish Cattle Database have not included information about whether the cow died unassisted or was euthanized. METHODS: We interviewed a random ...
Smehilová M - - 2008
Twenty-eight exclusively breast-fed healthy infants and 16 infants also exclusively breast-fed with allergic colitis (aged 85 +/- 60 and 98 +/- 58 d, respectively) were screened for differences in fecal flora. Bifidobacteria were detected in 23 healthy infants and only in 4 fecal samples of infants with allergic colitis. All ...
De Amici Mara - - 2008
Asthma allergic rhinitis and atopic dermatitis are multifactorial disorders influenced by various familial and environmental factors. The correlation between maternal and fetal immunoglobulin E (IgE) seems to be caused by genetic factors rather than placental transfer. The purpose of this study was to evaluate and quantify the relationship of IgE ...
Yada K - - 2008
A 10-day-old male neonate was admitted with bilious vomiting and gross hematochezia. Peripheral eosinophilia, delayed positive skin prick test to artificial milk, and elevated eosinophil cationic protein levels suggested cow's milk allergy. Fluid infusion with prohibition of oral intake improved the digestive symptoms. Breast-feeding was resumed on hospital day 3 ...
Tychsen Lawrence L From the Departments of Ophthalmology and Visual - - 2008
Human infants at greatest risk for esotropia are those who suffer cerebral insults that could decorrelate signals from the two eyes during an early critical period of binocular, visuomotor development. The authors reared normal infant monkeys under conditions of binocular decorrelation to determine if this alone was sufficient to cause ...
Niggemann B - - 2008
Cow's milk protein allergy (CMPA) is best treated by complete elimination of cow's milk from the diet. For infants with CMPA who cannot be breast-fed, formulas based on extensively hydrolyzed proteins or on amino acids are the preferred substitutes for cow's milk-based formulas. In this study, we compared the tolerance ...
Sorge U S - - 2007
The study was conducted to evaluate how the "Cow Value" module of Dairy Comp 305 (Valley Agricultural Software, Tulare, CA) performed under commercial conditions. The "Cow Value" module, COWVAL, computes a farm-specific net present value relative to an average replacement heifer for each cow in the milking and dry herd, ...
Bayemi P H - - 2007
An Economic Opportunity Survey was conducted on dairy farms in the North West Province of Cameroon. Results showed that median (range) number of cows in milk per farm was zero point six (0-4) and six (3-12) in the zero grazing and transhumance systems, respectively. Medians (range) of three (0-24) and ...
Wang Mei - - 2008
BACKGROUND: It might be that early intestinal colonization by bacteria in westernized infants fails to give rise to sufficient immune stimulation to support maturation of regulatory immune mechanisms. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to characterize the very early infantile microbiota by using a culture-independent approach and to ...
Sarder Md Jalal Uddin - - 2007
The main objective of the present study was to evaluate the consequence of dam genotypes on productive and reproductive performance of different cross-bred dairy cows under field condition. A total of 313 dairy cow's information were collected from 33 Artificial Insemination (AI) Sub-centers/Points from the District AI center of greater ...
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