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Lacomba Ramon - - 2011
The effect of simulated gastrointestinal digestion upon sialic acid and gangliosides in infant and follow-on formulas and human milk, as well as their bioaccessibility, have been evaluated. The gastric stage is the step that causes a greater decrease in sialic acid and ganglioside contents. The intestinal stage only decreases the ...
Norouzi Elaheh - - 2011
Human milk is usually the only source of food for infants during the first 4 to 5 months of their life. Maternal environmental mercury exposure is directly related to fish consumption or amalgam filling. In this research, 38 human milk samples were collected from mothers of Lenjan area who were not ...
Eilers Elisabeth - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Leptin is involved in the regulation of food intake and energy expenditure and is therefore important for growth and brain development. Analytical methods used for leptin measurement in human milk differ widely in the literature and yield varying results. AIMS: To compare different preparation methods for the analysis of ...
Asante Kwadwo Ansong - - 2011
Human exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and brominated flame retardants (BFRs) such as polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and hexabromocyclododecanes (HBCDs) was evaluated in Ghana using breast milk samples collected in 2004 and 2009. Mean levels and ranges of PBDEs (4.5; 0.86-18ng/g lw) and PCBs (62; 15-160ng/g lw) observed in the ...
Saylor Megan M - - 2011
This research investigated 12-month-olds' ability to use person-specific language to determine to which of several absent things a person is referring. Infants were introduced to two experimenters who played separately with a different ball. One researcher asked infants to retrieve her object when both balls were hidden. Infants selected the ...
Ulaszewska Maria Malgorzata - - 2011
This paper reviews the recent scientific literature on PCDDs, PCDFs and dioxin-like PCBs in human milk. All the papers reporting levels of these contaminants in human breast milk published from January 2000 to January 2009 and available on the www.sciencedirect.com web site were identified and included. The aim was (1) ...
Lynch John B - - 2011
Although a major goal of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) vaccine efforts is to elicit broad and potent neutralizing antibodies (NAbs), there are no data that directly demonstrate a role for such NAbs in protection from HIV-1 infection in exposed humans. The setting of mother-to-child transmission provides an opportunity ...
Verweij Marjoke M - - 2011
To cite this article: Verweij MM, Hagendorens MM, De Knop KJ, Bridts CH, De Clerck LS, Stevens WJ, Ebo DG. Young infants with atopic dermatitis can display sensitization to Cor a 9, an 11S legumin-like seed-storage protein from hazelnut (Corylus avellana). Pediatr Allergy Immunol 2011; 22: 196-201. ABSTRACT: Allergy to ...
Furuhjelm Catrin - - 2011
We investigated whether the previously reported preventive effect of maternal ω-3 fatty acid supplementation on IgE-associated allergic disease in infancy may be mediated by facilitating a balanced circulating Th2/Th1 chemokine profile in the infant. Vaccine-induced immune responses at 2 y of age were also evaluated. Pregnant women, at risk of ...
Schanler Richard J - - 2011
Significant benefits to infant host defense, sensory-neural development, gastrointestinal maturation, and some aspects of nutritional status are observed when premature infants are fed their mothers' own milk. A reduction in infection-related morbidity in human milk-fed premature infants has been reported in nearly a dozen descriptive, and a few quasi-randomized, studies ...
González F J - - 2011
Filaggrin (FLG) gene mutations, which result in complete or incomplete loss of proFLG/FLG peptides, have been reported as an important predisposing factor for atopic dermatitis (AD) and secondary atopic phenotypes such as atopic asthma. The presence of the protein FLG in the skin was evaluated at birth on 12 infants ...
Uchiyama Shin-Ichi - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Gangliosides are present in high concentrations in the nervous tissue, and some are observed in small amounts in many extraneural tissues and body fluids. Human milk may play important roles in energy supplementation, prophylaxis of infection, and brain development. For preterm infants, human milk gangliosides are also very important ...
Sela David A - - 2011
A promising strategy to improve health is the rational manipulation of one's beneficial microbiota via dietary interventions. This is observed in nature where specific bifidobacteria utilize human milk oligosaccharides (HMOs) that are encountered within the breast-fed infant colon. Bifidobacterium longum subsp. infantis is regarded as the archetypical HMO consumer associated ...
Leroy François - - 2011
Human infants, unlike even closely related primates, exhibit a remarkable capacity for language learning. Yet how the underlying anatomical network matures remains largely unknown. The classical view is that of a largely immature brain comprising only a few islands of maturity in primary cortices. This view has favored a description ...
Shen Q - - 2011
Aims:  To investigate the impact of human milk oligosaccharides (HMOs) from a single donor (SO), HMOs from multiple donors (PO), a fructooligosaccharides and galactooligosaccharides mixture (FG) on the composition of a batch culture inoculated with faecal microbiota from formula-fed infants. Methods and Results:  Three substrates were compared using 24-h pH-controlled ...
Franke Molly F - - 2011
We retrospectively examined infant mortality and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-free survival among 211 infants who received a comprehensive package of health services, including breast milk substitution and clean water access, to prevent maternal-to-child transmission of HIV and improve child survival. The cumulative 12-month infant survival probability was 0.97 (95% confidence ...
DeSilva Jeremy M - - 2011
It has long been argued that modern human mothers give birth to proportionately larger babies than apes do. Data presented here from human and chimpanzee infant:mother dyads confirm this assertion: humans give birth to infants approximately 6% of their body mass, compared with approximately 3% for chimpanzees, even though the ...
Galbally Megan - - 2011
Background: Oxytocin is associated with the establishment and quality of maternal behavior in animal models. Parallel investigations in humans are now under way. This article reviews the current research examining the role of oxytocin in mother-infant relations, attachment, and bonding in humans. Methods: A systematic search was made of three ...
Hernell Olle - - 2011
Until the early 20th century, a wet nurse was the only safe alternative to breastfeeding, one reason being that each species has a unique composition of its milk. When techniques for chemical analyses of milks and assessment of the energy requirements of infants became available during the 19th century, reasonably ...
Scorza Fulvio Alexandre - - 2011
Epilepsy is one of the most common neurologic problems worldwide. Unfortunately, individuals with epilepsy are at higher risk of death than the general population, and sudden unexpected death in epilepsy is the most important direct epilepsy-related cause of death. In this review article, our research group focused on the risk ...
Medoff-Cooper Barbara - - 2010
In the United States of America, approximately 40,000 infants are born annually with congenitally malformed hearts. Children with defects that require complex surgical palliation, or definitive repair, face many challenges in achieving optimal short-term and long-term growth. The presence of associated chromosomal abnormalities, cyanosis, and cardiac failure adds to the ...
Van Zwol A - - 2010
Previously, glutamine-enriched enteral nutrition in very low birth weight infants (VLBW) decreased the incidence of atopic dermatitis at age 1 year. The aim of this study was to determine whether this effect is related to changes in intestinal bacterial species that are associated with allergy, such as bifidobacteria, clostridium histolyticum, ...
Cicchino Jessica B - - 2011
The associative learning account of how infants identify human motion rests on the assumption that this knowledge is derived from statistical regularities seen in the world. Yet, no catalog exists of what visual input infants receive of human motion, and of causal and self-propelled motion in particular. In this manuscript, ...
Francis Jimi - - 2012
Expressing human milk has become a more common alternative for mothers, as the average work demand has increased. As more mothers must work, bottle feeding trends are increasingly common. The handling and storage of human milk introduce the risk of degradation to expressed human milk and infant formula. In following ...
Santander Javier - - 2010
Salmonella enterica serovars Typhi and Paratyphi A are human host-restricted pathogens. Therefore, there is no small susceptible animal host that can be used to assess the virulence and safety of vaccine strains derived from these Salmonella serovars.  However, infant mice have been used to evaluate virulence and colonization by another ...
Kuo Ho-Chang - - 2011
Background: Exposure to cow's milk protein in early infancy could lead to increased rates of allergic diseases later in life. We investigated whether feeding a protein-hydrolyzed formula (HF) in the first 6 months of life decreased allergic diseases up to 36 months later. Methods: Newborns who had at least 1 ...
Karabulut Bilge - - 2010
To determine the role of inflammation related to body mass index (BMI) and atopy in the etiology of idiopathic intussusception (IS) which is seen more frequently in obese children and which is considered to increase in the allergy season. The study comprised a study group consisting of 22 infants with ...
Yao Weiguo W Department of Pediatrics, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN 46202, - - 2010
Dendritic cells (DC) are potent initiators of immune responses, compared to other professional antigen-presenting cells, based on their ability to capture antigen, express high amounts of MHC and co-stimulatory molecules, and to secrete immunostimulatory cytokines. Altered functions of DC in atopic individuals have been observed, though it is not clear ...
Herr M - - 2011
  Early onset of allergic rhinitis (AR) is poorly described, and rhinitis symptoms are often attributed to infections. This study analyses the relations between AR-like symptoms and atopy in infancy in the PARIS (Pollution and Asthma Risk: an Infant Study) birth cohort.   Data on AR-like symptoms (runny nose, blocked ...
Katz Yitzhak - - 2010
The diversity in the perceived prevalence, recovery, and risk factors for cow's milk allergy (CMA) necessitated a large-scale, population-based prospective study. We sought to determine the prevalence, cross-reactivity with soy allergy, and risk factors for the development of CMA. In a prospective study the feeding history of 13,019 infants was ...
Pithua Patrick - - 2010
To evaluate longevity, milk production, and breeding performance in adult Holstein cows fed either a plasma-derived commercial colostrum replacer (CR) or raw bovine maternal colostrum (MC) at birth. Randomized controlled clinical trial. 497 heifer calves born in 12 commercial dairies located in Minnesota and Wisconsin. All calves were separated from ...
Dupont Didier - - 2010
IgE-mediated allergy to milk and egg is widespread in industrialised countries and mainly affects infants and young children. It may be connected to an incomplete digestion of dietary proteins causing an inappropriate immune response in the gut. In order to study this, a biochemical model of infant gastroduodenal digestion has ...
Heins B J - - 2010
Pure Holstein calves and Montbeliarde-sired crossbred calves from multiparous Holstein dams were compared for gestation length, calf weight at birth, calving difficulty, and stillbirth in 2 research herds of the University of Minnesota. The Montbeliarde-sired calves from multiparous Holstein dams had significantly longer gestation lengths (283.2 d) than Holstein-sired calves ...
Dupont C - - 2010
Atopy patch test may help early diagnosis of cow-milk allergy in preterm infants. In the retrospective analysis of 5 girls and 9 boys, born at 31 +/- 2 (mean +/- SD) weeks of gestation and presenting digestive symptoms at age 42 +/- 18 days, 10 had a complete recovery following ...
Romano Mattea - - 2010
Postpartum period is distinct in three phases. The third phase is the delayed postpartum period, which can last up to 6 months. Some changes to the genitourinary system are much longer in resolving, and some may never fully revert to the prepregnant state. A burgeoning volume of literature on pelvic ...
Chong Neto Herberto José - - 2010
The aim of this study was to assess the frequency of rhinitis in asthmatic infants. A cross-sectional study was conducted using clinical data obtained from a standardized allergy work-up form that includes specific questions on common allergic diseases. Asthmatic patients were seen at the first visit to the Pediatric Allergy ...
Kowalski Nicole L - - 2010
We used four surveys to collect information about the birth, physical growth, and behavioral development of 12 African elephant calves born in captivity. The management of the birth process and neonatal care involved a variety of standard procedures. All of the calves were born at night, between 7PM and 7AM. ...
Sladkevicius E - - 2010
To determine current treatment patterns for infants with cow milk allergy (CMA) and the associated resource implications and budget impact, from the perspective of the UK's National Health Service (NHS). A computer-based model was constructed depicting current management of newly-diagnosed infants with CMA derived from patients suffering from this allergy ...
Dattner Alan M - - 2010
Conventional wisdom posits that breastfeeding during the first 4 months of life generally reduces the incidence of atopic dermatitis in the child. Recent studies question this truism, especially in cases when the mother herself is allergic. Studies about maternal dietary allergens in breast milk and their influence on atopic dermatitis ...
Lodinová-Zádníková Raja - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The objective is to study the effect of after-birth oral colonization by a probiotic Escherichia coli strain in infants of allergic mothers to reduce occurrence of allergy later in life. METHODS: In a controlled clinical trial, 158 infants were randomly divided into groups of (i) 56 colonized infants of ...
Vieira Mário C - - 2010
Cow's milk is the most common food allergen in infants and the diagnosis of cow's milk allergy is difficult, even with the use of several diagnostic tests. Therefore, elimination diets and challenge tests are essential for the diagnosis and treatment of this disorder. The aim of this study is to ...
Hong Pei-Ying - - 2010
Eczema is a chronic form of childhood disorder that is gaining in prevalence in affluent societies. Previous studies hypothesized that the development of eczema is correlated with changes in microbial profile and composition of early life endemic microbiota, but contradictory conclusions were obtained, possibly due to the lack of minimization ...
Sybilski A J - - 2009
We assessed correlations of total and specific cord-blood IgE (cIgE) levels with allergic symptoms in the first year of life. cIgE levels were determined by an immunoassay test in full-term neonates. This is a prospective study in which a questionnaire was used after birth, and at 6 and 12 months ...
Thompson-Chagoyan Oscar C - - 2010
Major differences have been found in gut microbiota between healthy and allergic children, and a possible association between allergy and altered microbiota patterns have been postulated. The main object of the study was to compare the faecal microbiota between healthy and cow's milk protein allergy (CMPA) infants at the baseline ...
Kim Ji Yeun - - 2010
Controversy exists regarding the preventive effect of probiotics on the development of eczema or atopic dermatitis. We investigated whether supplementation of probiotics prevents the development of eczema in infants at high risk. In a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, 112 pregnant women with a family history of allergic diseases received a ...
Meazza C - - 2009
Pygmies, a population characterized by short stature, have high immunoglobulin (Ig) concentrations. In this study, we evaluated Ig levels in Cameroons Babinga Pygmies from infancy to adulthood and the effects of a national health program on these Ig levels. We found that IgG and IgM levels were outside the normal ...
Han Youngshin - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The differences in the characteristics of breastfed and formula fed individuals with allergy have been addressed in few studies and remain controversial. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of breastfed on the development of food allergy and sensitization against food allergens in infants with atopic dermatitis (AD). METHODS: We reviewed ...
Devenney Irene - - 2010
Eczema is characterized by inflammation of the skin and is commonly associated with food allergy. It has been suggested that nitric oxide (NO) is an important player in eczema, food allergy and intestinal inflammation. The aim of this study was to assess the levels of urinary NO breakdown products in ...
Vasseur E - - 2009
Dairy producers often complain that calves have difficulty consuming the recommended amount of colostrum. A better understanding of factors affecting calves' motivation to ingest colostrum could help develop better management. Thirty-six Holstein calves were tested to evaluate effects of time since birth (2 vs. 6 h) and provision of a ...
Kukkonen Kaarina - - 2010
Development of oral tolerance and its stimulation by probiotics are still incomprehensible. Microbial stimulation of the gut may induce a subtle inflammation and induce secretion of mucosal IgA, which participates in antigen elimination. In a cohort of allergy-prone infants receiving probiotics and prebiotics or placebo we studied intestinal IgA and ...
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