Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 753
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Lilja G - - 1990
The levels of IgG1, IgG2, IgG3, and IgG4 were analysed by ELISA in cord serum and in serum samples collected at 6 and 18 months of age from infants whose mothers were atopic. None of the four IgG subclasses was significantly influenced on any sampling occasion by infant atopy, gender, ...
Legrain V - - 1990
A retrospective study was carried out in 40 infants, age 1 to 24 months, with urticaria. Acute urticaria was seen most frequently (85%), followed by recurrent (10%) and chronic disease (5%). Several clinical features such as frequency of angioedema and hemorrhagic lesions appeared to be specific to urticaria in infants. ...
Williams A R - - 1990
Reproductive data were collected on 4,596 cow exposures in a rotational crossbreeding study that spanned four generations (1970 through 1988). Angus (A), Brahman (B), Charolais (C) and Hereford (H) breeds were included in three two-breed (A-B, C-B and H-B), three three-breed (A-B-C, A-B-H and C-H-B) and one four-breed (A-B-C-H) rotational ...
Pittschieler K - - 1990
A 3-month-old boy is described who developed an inflammatory proctocolitis during exclusive breast feeding. The major symptom was bloody diarrhea. No growth failure or constitutional symptoms were present. Bacterial, viral, and parasitic infection was excluded. The colonoscopic findings of focal ulceration, edema, and increased friability and the histologic picture with ...
Lafont P - - 1990
The contamination of dairy products with various mycotoxins or other undesirable fungal metabolites can be attributed a.o. to ingestion of contaminated feed or the accidental development of molds and by consequence the excretion of fungal metabolites into the intermediate product. Different dairy products of commercial origin were examined: milk powder, ...
Sibbald B - - 1990
The association of birth month with the development of atopic and non-atopic rhinitis was investigated in 327 adults in south-west London. Birth month was a significant risk factor for both atopic and non-atopic rhinitis in subjects whose age at onset was under 20 yr, but not in those who were ...
Erf D F - - 1990
Worksheets with reports of calf mortality were voluntarily submitted by dairy producers to the Brown Swiss Cattle Breeders Association. Objective was to assess genetic and nongenetic factors influencing calf mortality of Brown Swiss. Multiple births were removed prior to analysis. Three traits recorded and analyzed were dead at birth, death ...
Lucas A - - 1990
Allergic reactions were investigated in 777 preterm infants who were randomly assigned to early diet and followed up to 18 months post term. Wheezing or asthma was common (incidence 23%); it was associated with neonatal ventilation, maternal smoking, and a family history of atopy and was unexpectedly reduced in babies ...
Hutton C T - - 1990
Effects of differences in herd mastitis control management in maintaining low herd average SCC, was studied. Washington State DHI herds with Holstein cattle and enrolled in the SCC program (n = 309) were ranked by percentage of cows in their herd with SCC less less than or equal to 283,000 ...
Lucas A - - 1990
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of early diet on the development of allergic reactions in infants born preterm. DESIGN: Two randomised prospective trails. In trail A infants were randomly allocated banked donor milk or preterm formula as their sole diet or (separately randomised) as a supplement to their mother's expressed ...
Wilson N W - - 1990
Cow's milk induced eosinophilic colitis presenting in the first week of life has been reported, but is very rare. The authors describe a 4-day-old female infant who presented with profuse rectal bleeding resulting in a hematocrit fall from 38% to 30% within 8 hr after hospital admission. Sigmoidoscopy revealed colonic ...
Scholl D T - - 1990
Individual card records of all cows that began 1 or more lactations between the inclusive dates of Jan 1, 1976 and Dec 31, 1986 were obtained from a California dairy herd. Calving date, lactation number, physical examination date, conception date, and clinical findings pertinent to cystic ovarian disease (COD) were ...
Haus M M Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, University of Cape - - 1990
It has recently been reported that cord blood serum IgE (CBsIgE) concentrations in a black Third-World cohort were significantly higher than those in a similar cohort of white and coloured newborns, and were not influenced by an atopic family history (aFH). This study reports on the 1-year follow-up of these ...
Ziegler E E - - 1990
Because feeding of cow milk causes normal infants to lose increased amounts of occult blood from the gastrointestinal tract, we conducted a prospective trial to measure intestinal blood loss quantitatively and to monitor iron nutritional status. Fifty-two infants entered the trial at 168 days of age and were assigned at ...
Kress D D - - 1990
The performance of 264 contemporary 2-yr-old straightbred and crossbred dams during 1978 to 1981 was studied and maternal heterosis was estimated. Dam breed groups were Hereford (HH), Angus-Hereford (AH), 25% Simmental-75% Hereford (1S3H), 50% Simmental-50% Hereford (1S1H) and 75% Simmental-25% Hereford (3S1H). Differences among dam breed groups were nonsignificant for ...
Renz H - - 1990
Secretory immunoglobulin A (SIgA) anti-casein and SIgA anti-beta-lactoglobulin (BLG) were determined in the saliva of 158 healthy mature infants at birth and in breast milk samples using a direct Elisa technique. IgG anti-casein and anti-BLG were measured in serum samples from mothers and newborns (cord blood). A high risk of ...
el Mouzan M I - - 1990
A 3 1/2-month-old male infant presented with hematemesis due to erosive gastritis following whole-cow's-milk feeding. The presence of eosinophilic gastritis, the disappearance of symptoms after withdrawal of whole-cow's-milk feeding, and the association with facial eczema suggest that gastritis was induced by cow's milk. Cow's-milk intolerance should be considered in the ...
Fraginals R - - 1990
A murine model for in vivo and in vitro studies of contact sensitization to methyl alkanesulphonate derivatives has been developed. Contact sensitivity was quantified in vivo by measuring the ear thickness increase, and the influence of the alkyl chain length (hexyl, dodecyl, hexadecyl) was investigated. Long chain methyl alkanesulphonates (dodecyl ...
Hattevig G - - 1990
Serum levels of IgE, IgE antibodies to egg white (EW) and cow's milk (CM), IgG, and IgA antibodies to ovalbumin (OA) and beta-lactoglobulin (BLG) were measured in a group of 115 infants with a family history of atopy/allergy at birth and at 3, 6, 9, 12, and 18 months of ...
Edmondson P W - - 1989
Streptococcus agalactiae was identified as the cause of mastitis in a 240-cow dairy herd. Forty-five per cent of the herd had cell counts over 500,000/ml, and 28 per cent had cell counts over 1,000,000/ml. Dry cow therapy was used regularly but teat dipping had not been used for three years. ...
Casimir G J - - 1989
Beta-lactoglobulin (BLG) is probably the major cow milk antigen. Serum levels of anti-BLG antibodies were determined prospectively in mothers. The results were analyzed according to the existence of allergic manifestations in infants during the first months of life. Mothers of babies who developed allergy had statistically lower IgG anti-BLG concentrations ...
Hatfield P G - - 1989
Two feeding trials (early and late lactation) were conducted to measure ad libitum forage intake by beef cows from three breed groups of similar mature weight, but with different milk production potential. Twenty-four cow-calf units, eight from each milk production level (low, medium and high) were grouped (two/pen) based on ...
Iyngkaran N - - 1989
Eleven infants who were suspected clinically of having cows' milk protein sensitive enteropathy were fed with a protein hydrolysate formula for six to eight weeks, after which they had jejunal and rectal biopsies taken before and 24 hours after challenge with cows' milk protein. When challenged six infants (group 1) ...
Buttram S T - - 1989
The effects of size, management and size x management interactions on reproduction in beef cattle were determined by using 3,126 breeding and calving records from 1980 to 1985. Cows were from three synthetic lines that differed in mature size (small, medium and large). The lines differed also in the percentages ...
Sieber M - - 1989
Body measurements (heart and paunch girths, wither height, chest depth, pelvic length and width, and body length), body weight, and calving evaluation data (calf birth weight, calf sex, calf presentation, and calving assistance needed) were collected from 1974 parities of 762 Holstein cows between 1968 and 1986. Degree of calving ...
Gee C D - - 1989
A study of parturient calf mortality in a herd of 250 Shorthorn cattle on the Southern Tablelands of New South Wales is reported. Death rates as high as 44% from heifer groups are described. There were 30 parturient deaths of which 27 were confirmed as due to maternal dystocia. Pathological ...
Chandra R K - - 1989
The effect of feeding different infant formulas on incidence of atopic disease was assessed in a prospective double-blind randomized controlled trial among "high risk" infants with family history of atopy among first-degree relatives. The incidence of atopic eczema, wheezing, rhinitis, gastrointestinal symptoms, and colic was noted and serum IgE antibodies ...
Businco L - - 1989
It has been shown in an animal model that cow's milk (CM) protein hydrolysates do not elicit an antibody response to CM proteins and do not induce passive cutaneous anaphylaxis. In addition, babies fed with these formulae during the first months of life do not show antibodies to betalactoglobulin (BLG). ...
Iyngkaran N - - 1989
Some infants intolerant to cow's milk protein (CMP) are often also intolerant to other food proteins including soy protein (SP). The effect of CMP and SP in infants recovering from diarrhoeal disease was studied in 22 infants who were maintained on an hypo-allergenic formula for 4-6 weeks. The infants were ...
Shanks R D - - 1989
Fifteen Jersey sires, with significant impact on the breed in the United States, were assayed for activity of uridine monophosphate (UMP) synthase. Six of these bulls were the highest ranking Jersey bulls, as July 1987, with cheese yield dollars averaging $165. These 15 bulls sired over one-third of all Jersey ...
Prichard D L - - 1989
A 2-yr study was conducted to evaluate the effects of a high-energy creep feed, preweaning zeranol implants and breed type on calf and cow performance. Two hundred calves sired by Brahman and Romana Red bulls out of Angus and Angus x Brown Swiss reciprocal crossbred (F1) dams were stratified by ...
Berezin S - - 1989
During a period of 30 months, cow's milk- or soy protein-induced colitis was diagnosed in 22 infants. All patients presented with hematochezia. Only three patients had substantial diarrhea. Colonoscopic evaluations demonstrated a characteristic mucosal appearance, manifested by aphthoid ulcerations with intervening, normal-appearing mucosa. Histologic findings included surface ulcerations and associated ...
Ruiz-Maldonado R - - 1989
The presence of Pityrosporum ovale was investigated in four groups of infants age 1 to 24 months, 15 with infantile seborrheic dermatitis, 15 with infantile atopic dermatitis, 15 with other infantile dermatoses, and 15 healthy infants. Samples were taken from the scalp, face, presternal area, and inguinal area. Pityrosporum ovale ...
Campbell J P - - 1989
The possible role of cows milk intolerance in the aetiology of infant colic was evaluated in 19 babies presenting to their health visitor or general practitioner in one town. Over a three week period a standard modified cows milk formula was compared with a soya milk formula on a double ...
Morter R L - - 1989
Systemic infection of mature beef cows with Salmonella typhimurium resulted in death of cows, abortions, and premature births. Salmonella typhimurium was isolated from the kidney, liver, and spleen of cows but not from an aborted fetus. Diarrhea was not a prominent clinical feature of the epizootic. The source of the ...
Vandenplas Y - - 1988
The incidence of atopic manifestations due to cow's milk proteins was analysed in five groups of 15 newborns considered to be at risk for atopy because of a positive family history. All infants were studied over a 4-month period. The infants received either an adapted formula (AdFo), breast milk or ...
Merrett T G - - 1988
This investigation studied 487 babies for symptoms of allergic disease during their first year of life. Because of their positive family histories all the babies are at high risk of becoming allergic. The babies were randomly divided such that cows' milk was deliberately withheld from one group; infants in this ...
Tainio V M - - 1988
We measured levels of cow's milk-specific (CM) antibodies of immunoglobulin classes G, A and M by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in plasma of 198 healthy infants; a variable number of samples taken at birth and at ages of 2, 4, 6, 9, 12 and 28 months were available (altogether 765 samples). ...
Cavagni G - - 1988
We have selected 13 babies presenting with atopic dermatitis during exclusive breast feeding. After evaluation of reaginic reaction, we detected beta-lactoglobulin (BLG) in breast milk and babies sera before and after maternal elimination diet and after maternal challenge. beta-Lactoglobulin was present only in the sera of infants ingesting breast milk ...
Wilson N W - - 1988
Cow's milk allergy in the first year of life is one of the most common problems faced by pediatricians. Both over and under diagnosis is seen. Cow's milk allergy, which is IgE-mediated should be differentiated from milk intolerance due to lactase deficiency or other causes. Cow's milk allergy may effect ...
Graft D F - - 1988
A patient who received venom immunotherapy during pregnancy without complications delivered a healthy term infant. Venom-specific IgG antibodies were similar in the mother and infant at birth and then fell to undetectable levels by six months of age. Although the mother had elevated venom-specific IgE levels, they were not detectable ...
Iyngkaran N - - 1988
A series of 31 infants, 28 with cow's milk protein sensitive enteropathy (CMPSE) and 3 controls, was studied for severity and extent of mucosal damage of the upper small bowel in relation to the development of clinical symptoms. Following challenge with the offending cow's milk, 18 infants (Group 1) developed ...
Høst A - - 1988
A cohort of 1,749 newborns in the municipality of Odense were followed prospectively for the development of cow's milk allergy (CMA) during their first year of life. Altogether 39 fulfilled the criteria for CMA (2.2%). Out of the 39 infants, 17 developed symptoms of CMA during breast-feeding, in all cases ...
Vanella L - - 1988
Three groups of infants were formed according to the type of feeding: I-breast milk from mothers without any kind of elimination diet, II-cow's milk-based formula, and III-breast milk till 2 months of age and after that, cow's milk formula. CD4 and CD8 were determined by monoclonal antibodies technique, IgE by ...
Podmore P - - 1988
To confirm T-cell changes previously reported in atopic eczema, to compare T-cell subset values in atopic and seborrheic infants, and to determine whether T-cell subset assay would be a useful differentiating marker between atopic and seborrheic infants, three age- and sex-matched groups of normal, seborrheic, and atopic infants were recruited. ...
Iyngkaran N - - 1988
The clinical response and the histological changes in the mucosa of the small bowel in response to continued feeding with cows' milk protein were assessed over a period of 2-6 weeks in 24 infants who had shown histological changes without immediate clinical symptoms after challenge with a diet containing cows' ...
Strimas J H - - 1988
Intrauterine sensitization has been reported in animal and clinical studies. One study suggests that the amniotic fluid (AF) IgE level might be useful in predicting infant allergy. We followed for 1 year 83 newborns on whom we had 78 samples of AF, 82 of cord serum (CS), and 83 of ...
Pöysä L - - 1988
The success of familial compliance with a dietary manipulation programme was studied prospectively in 91 newborn babies from atopic families for up to 12 months. The control group consisted of 72 infants from non-atopic families. The percentages of infants breast-fed at the age of six months were 58% and 38% ...
Taubman B - - 1988
Treating the infant colic syndrome by counseling the parents concerning more effective responses to the infant crying is compared to the elimination of soy or cow's milk protein from the infant's diet in a randomized clinical trial. Because symptoms of vomiting and diarrhea are not part of the infant colic ...
Morse D - - 1988
Patterns of occurrence and reoccurrence of clinical mastitis, duration of episodes, and number of quarters treated in a large north Florida dairy over 6.5 yr are described. Monthly incidence of milk disposal due to clinical mastitis varied within and between years and ranged from 1.3 to 4.7% of cow-days in ...
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