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Results 501 - 550 of 751
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Brown M A - - 1993
Preweaning data on 486 Angus, Brahman, and reciprocal cross calves (AB, BA) managed on common bermudagrass or endophyte-infected tall fescue were used to evaluate the interactions of forage type and sex of calf with direct effects, individual heterosis, and maternal effects. Calves were spring-born in 1988, 1989, 1990, and 1991 ...
Azzam S M - - 1993
Calving records from 1969 to 1989 from the Roman L. Hruska U.S. Meat Animal Research Center were used to investigate how climatic conditions, in addition to dystocia, age of dam, size of calf, and sex affect calf survival from birth to 1 wk of age. Data were analyzed separately for ...
Kleinman R E - - 1992
Substitute feedings have been used to treat infants with cow milk protein allergy for most of this century. For the past 50 years, several infant formulas based on animal proteins, both intact and chemically modified, or on vegetable protein have been labeled "hypoallergenic." Because of the risk of anaphylaxis and ...
Strobel S - - 1992
Clinical observations have suggested that the development of atopic diseases in childhood may be influenced by breast-feeding and the timing of first exposure to foreign protein, but the controversy is far from being resolved. Early weaning and introduction of foreign proteins (i.e., cow milk) have been associated with an increased ...
Mallet E - - 1992
This prospective, long-term study assessed the effects of a protein hydrolysate formula on allergy prevention in infants with a family history of allergy. Infants were randomly assigned to receive either the hydrolysate formula (n = 92) or an adapted cow milk formula (n = 85) alone or with breast-feeding for ...
Schrander J J - - 1992
Over a period of 4 years, 88 infants with cow's milk protein intolerance (CMPI) were followed prospectively in order to evaluate the persistence of CMPI and its relationship between either serum IgE levels or RAST results for cow's milk. After exclusion of lactose intolerance, two positive cow's milk elimination challenge ...
Vainsel M - - 1992
Growth, bone mineralization and intestinal absorption were studied in 16 infants fed low-phosphate cow's milk and compared with a group of 15 infants fed conventional cow's milk. In the low-phosphate-fed infants the intestinal calcium absorption was as high as in infants fed human milk, the main characteristics of growth and ...
Ruiz R G - - 1992
The risk of infantile atopic dermatitis (AD) posed by maternal atopy and paternal atopy, respectively, were compared in the infants from a birth cohort in whom one of the parents had been designated atopic by skin prick testing. Nineteen with atopic mothers were compared with 20 with atopic fathers. AD, ...
Dolen W K - - 1992
The allergen-specific backgrounds of a paper disk radioimmunoassay (RIA) system and a cellulose sponge fluorescent enzyme immunoassay (FEIA) system were evaluated using three inhalants, timothy, short ragweed, and cat, with reagents obtained from the same manufacturer. Radioimmunoassay was performed with Phadebas RAST reagents by the modified RAST method, and FEIA ...
Kondo N - - 1992
Proliferative responses of cord blood lymphocytes (CBLs) to food antigens and cord blood IgE concentrations were measured in 37 full term newborn infants for the prediction of allergic disorders. In these 37 infants who were followed up for two years, allergic history of the family was found in four (sensitivity ...
Arshad S H - - 1992
There is much evidence that the development of allergic disorders may be related to early exposure of allergens, including those in breastmilk. We have tried to find out whether avoidance of food and inhaled allergens in infancy protects against the development of allergic disorders in high-risk infants. In a prenatally ...
Høst A - - 1992
Prospectively, serum levels of IgE, specific IgE antibodies (AB) to whole cow milk protein (CMP), bovine se-albumin, bovine immunoglobulin, bovine lactoferrin, bovine lactalbumin and beta-lactoglobulin (BLG), IgG and IgG subclass antibodies to ovalbumin (OA) and BLG, and IgG4 RAST to CMP (bovine whey) were measured in 39 infants with cow ...
Berger P J - - 1992
Calving performance records (965,417) from purebred American Angus herds throughout the United States were used to study dystocia and early calf mortality during the period from 1972 to 1985. A sample of 53 (n = 83,467) herds was used to establish reasonable limits on the expected frequency of dystocia and ...
Vandenplas Y - - 1992
The incidence of atopic manifestations was analyzed in infants "at risk" because of histories of atopy in first degree relatives. The incidence of atopic manifestations was significantly reduced (P = .0011) during the first 6 months of life when only the whey hydrolysate was administered (2/32 infants, 6.3%) compared with ...
Winder J A - - 1992
Maternal performance of 134 Hereford (H), Brangus (B), and reciprocal crossbred (H x B and B x H) cows from 2 to 7 yr of age was evaluated under semidesert conditions in this study. Calves produced by 2- and 3-yr-old cows were sired by Brangus and Hereford bulls. Calves produced ...
Hausen B M - - 1992
8 alkyl gallates, including the widely used antioxidants propyl, octyl, and dodecyl (= lauryl) gallate, have been subjected to experimental sensitization in guinea pigs. Using a modern sensitization procedure, the results showed that all gallates are moderate to strong contact sensitizers: dodecyl (= lauryl) gallate was found to be the ...
Touchberry R W - - 1992
A crossbreeding project involving the Holstein and Guernsey breeds was conducted at the Illinois Agricultural Experiment Station from 1949 to 1969. All surviving male calves, 989 of the 1061 born, were sold within 2 or 3 d following birth. All surviving female calves born in the first four generations, 723 ...
Williams J C - - 1992
The anthelmintic efficacy of abamectin (avermectin B1) was evaluated against gastrointestinal nematodes, including Ostertagia ostertagi inhibited larvae and lungworm, in yearling crossbred beef heifers during late spring. The calves were grazed on contaminated pasture for 10 weeks and then held under conditions free of nematode infection for 3 weeks prior ...
McDermott J J - - 1992
The association between a number of individual animal and herd level factors and calving problems in beef cows and heifers were examined. Data were from the 1987 calving season for a subset of 123 herds which maintained individual-animal records, from a sample of 180 randomly selected Ontario cow-calf herds. The ...
Bahna S L - - 1992
For an infant to develop allergy (atopy), three main factors seem to be needed: genetic predisposition, allergen exposure, and contributory factors. The role of genetics seems to be mainly in transmitting a general atopic constitution and controlling the general IgE response. Together with environmental exposure, genetics possibly plays a role ...
Savilahti E - - 1991
During a nutritional study of 198 infants, seven became allergic to cow's milk. The seven infants showed acute cutaneous manifestations during cow's milk challenge tests in hospital and six had increased levels of IgE cow's milk-specific antibodies. Neither in the development of the levels of immunoglobulins G, A and M, ...
Sacco R E - - 1991
Data were 876 birth records and 727 weaning records of straightbred and F3 crossbred calves produced in the third generation of a five-breed diallel. Among straightbreds at birth, Holstein calves were heaviest and widest at the shoulders and hips. Jersey calves were lightest and narrowest at the hips, and Brahman ...
Harrison C J - - 1991
Two atypical cases of colitis due to cow's milk protein intolerance (CMPI) are reported, affecting preterm infants. One developed a toxic dilatation of the colon and responded well to a casein hydrolysate based feed. The second presented insidiously and failed to tolerate a casein hydrolysate, but responded well to a ...
Piacentini G L - - 1991
The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the anaphylactic sensitizing power of cow milk, soy milk, casein hydrolysate, and a new cow collagen soy protein hydrolysate (CCSPH) infant formula in a guinea pig model of anaphylactic sensitization. Various groups of animals were fed these formulas for 37 days ...
Miyazawa K - - 1991
Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) isoenzymes obtained from sera of fetus and neonatal calves were examined by electrophoretical analysis using cellulose acetate membrane. A band at Rf 0.45 was detected in the fetal sera. Two bands at Rf 0.53 and Rf 0.31 were observed in the sera of calves 60 days after ...
Cantani A - - 1991
The management of infants with CMA is a common problem encountered by pediatricians. Dietary treatment is one of the approaches that must be considered, provided that the nutritional adequacy is carefully controlled. However, unsupervised dietary manipulations and unorthodox approaches to allergy treatment are potentially hazardous for children with IgE-mediated CMA.
Gregory K E - - 1991
Heterosis effects were evaluated as traits of the dam in F2 progeny of F1 dams and F3 and 4 progeny of F2 and 3 dams in three composite populations of beef cattle. Traits included birth weight, birth date, calving difficulty percentage, and survival percentage at birth, 72 h, and weaning ...
Chandra R K - - 1991
A recent increase in the prevalence of atopic disorders and the enormous costs of management of atopic patients have prompted attempts at prevention. We have examined the effect of exclusive breast feeding and of feeding different infant formulas on incidence of atopic disease in a prospective randomized controlled study. Seventy-two ...
Hogsette J A - - 1991
Horn flies could not be maintained below 50 per animal with sprays or dusts during a 21-wk study. However, weights of cows and calves and condition scores of cows were not influenced by suppression of Haematobia irritans (L.) populations. Results show that cattle in northwest Florida can tolerate average populations ...
Steelman C D - - 1991
Statistically significant differences were observed in the population density of the horn fly, Haematobia irritans irritans (L.), on different breeds of beef cattle. The European breed Chianina had a population density of horn flies generally less than or equal to 50% than that of the British cattle breeds (Angus, Hereford, ...
Høst A - - 1991
A cohort of 1749 newborns from the municipality of Odense born during 1985 in the University Hospital of Odense were followed prospectively for the development of cow's milk allergy (CMA)/cow's milk protein intolerance (CMI) during their first year. The diagnosis of CMA/CMI was based on elimination/open milk challenge procedures according ...
Ventorp M - - 1991
For the newborn calf, the length of time between birth and when (and if) it manages to obtain its first suckle plays an important role in the acquisition of passive immunity. In a study of 21 pairs of dairy cows and their calves, loose housed in individual calving boxes, the ...
Tsai Y T - - 1991
To study the influence of hypoallergenic milk on the occurrence of allergic diseases, thirty-three high risk, normal full-term newborns were divided into two groups with comparable family allergy score (FAS) and cord serum IgE. Group A consisted of 18 babies fed since birth with regular formula, while group B included ...
Anene B M - - 1991
The productivity of 76 newly imported pregnant Friesian cattle and two bulls under heavy trypanosome challenge in the rain forest belt of Nigeria is reported. At the first visit in August 1989 and within 7 months of arrival of the heifers, the herd population had reduced by 26 (33.3%) as ...
Lifshitz F - - 1991
The purpose of this study was to determine which infant formula among five would be the most efficacious for the refeeding of infants during an acute episode of diarrhea. Fifty male infants less than 12 months of age with severe diarrhea and at least 5% dehydration were admitted to a ...
Lilja G - - 1991
The IgE levels and food-allergen-specific IgE- and IgG-antibodies (Ab) to ovalbumin (OA), ovomucoid (OVO) and beta-lactoglobulin (BLG) were determined up to 18 months of age in 163 infants born to women who were atopic. A high (HIGH group) or a low (REDUCED group) intake of hen's egg and cow's milk ...
Rice L E - - 1991
Does the system work? After having been on a controlled heifer replacement program for 3 to 5 years, the entire herd will develop a short calving season resulting in more weaned calf weight per cow exposed to breeding. Wiltbank has reported on the advantage of feeding heifers for a selected ...
Renz H - - 1991
One hundred and fifty-eight healthy mature newborns were divided into 3 groups according to their risk of allergy: Group A, no risk (n = 62), group B, low risk (n = 30) and Group C, high risk (n = 66). Saliva was collected at birth and after 3 and 6 ...
Greenough P R - - 1991
The hind claws of 10 heifers, 10 second-calf cows, and 10 mature cows in the University of Saskatchewan's dairy herd were examined on four consecutive occasions, four and two months before calving, at calving, and two months after calving. A high prevalence of haemorrhages was observed in the sole of ...
Shackelford S D - - 1991
Postmortem aging of carcasses obtained from Angus-Hereford (n = 8) and 5/8 Brahman crossbred (n = 8) heifers was investigated to determine the cause of variation in meat tenderness. Raw longissimus muscle (LM) myofibril fragmentation index was lower and cooked LM Warner-Bratzler shear force was greater for the 5/8 Brahman ...
Cue R I - - 1990
Type information collected by the Holstein Association of Canada was combined with calving ease data from the Quebec Dairy Herd Analysis Service. Type traits considered were overall score, general appearance, dairy character, capacity, rump, rump thurl width, rump pin setting, and set of rear legs. Calving ease was considered as ...
Hay K D - - 1990
Propolis has been used since ancient times in folk medicine for its alleged beneficial effects. It is a potent sensitizer and is well recognized as a cause of occupational allergic eczematous contact dermatitis in apiarists. Recently, there has been an increase in allergic eczematous contact dermatitis because of nonoccupational exposure ...
Høst A - - 1990
A cohort of 1749 newborns from the municipality of Odense born during 1985 at the University Hospital were followed prospectively for the development of IgE-mediated and non-IgE-mediated cow milk allergy (CMA) during their first year. The diagnosis of CMA was based on the results of strict elimination/milk challenge procedures in ...
Wheeler T L - - 1990
The effect of postmortem aging (7, 14, 21 or 28 d), high-voltage electrical stimulation (stimulated or not stimulated) and blade tenderization (none or once; crossbreds only) on the sensory and cooking properties of meat from four beef breeds or breed-types (purebred Hereford, purebred Brahman, Hereford x Brahman and Brahman x ...
Katz V L - - 1990
A patient with lupus anticoagulant and anticardiolipin antibody developed preeclampsia at 24 weeks' gestation. Therapy with human immunoglobulin (Ig) resulted in stabilization of preeclampsia and suppression of the lupus anticoagulant. Anticardiolipin antibody titers were partially suppressed. Preeclampsia worsened at 32 weeks' gestation, and a healthy infant was delivered. For patients ...
Fabré D - - 1990
In 1986, a Program on Prevention of Allergic Diseases was initiated in our country which was possible on account of the organization conditions of our health system. The program includes IgE measurement in umbilical cord serum by means of an ultramicroanalytic technique for IgE quantification. This is an heterogeneous sandwich-type ...
Gwazdauskas F C - - 1990
Detection of estrus was evaluated in 1124 estrous cycles for the effectiveness of rump-mounted devices and androgenized females equipped with chin-ball markers. Estrous number, location, type of detection method (compared with visual observation of estrus), and milk progesterone influenced standing behavior. Rates of disagreement with visual observation of estrus were ...
Coleman D A - - 1990
Beef cattle were treated to synchronize estrus using one of three procedures, and effects on subsequent endocrine responses and fertility were studied. Procedures were 1) feeding .5 mg.head-1.d-1 of melengestrol acetate (MGA) for 21 d (M), 2) feeding .5 mg.head-1.d-1 of melengestrol acetate for 21 d followed 14 d later ...
Lilja G - - 1990
The levels of IgG1, IgG2, IgG3, and IgG4 were analysed by ELISA in cord serum and in serum samples collected at 6 and 18 months of age from infants whose mothers were atopic. None of the four IgG subclasses was significantly influenced on any sampling occasion by infant atopy, gender, ...
Legrain V - - 1990
A retrospective study was carried out in 40 infants, age 1 to 24 months, with urticaria. Acute urticaria was seen most frequently (85%), followed by recurrent (10%) and chronic disease (5%). Several clinical features such as frequency of angioedema and hemorrhagic lesions appeared to be specific to urticaria in infants. ...
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