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Results 451 - 500 of 743
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Miller R H - - 1994
Deaths and disposals of Jerseys from birth to 120 d of first lactation during a selection experiment were summarized. Cows were randomly assigned to the high milk yield and young sire lines. Service sires were bulls with the highest estimated breeding value for milk for the high milk line and ...
MacDonald T T - - 1994
The human mucosal immune system is structurally mature and has all the necessary cellular components to generate an immune response at birth. However, in the absence of dietary antigens and bacterial flora, there are no secondary follicles in the Peyer's patches and virtually no immunoglobulin A plasma cells in the ...
Odelram H - - 1994
The atopy-predictive value of cord blood (CB) cyclic adenosine monophosphate-phosphodiesterase (cAMP-PDE) in mononuclear leukocytes (MN) was studied prospectively in 57 neonates. Reliable determination of cAMP-PDE was achieved in only 20 CB samples. The levels tended to be higher in infants developing signs of atopy up to 18 months of age. ...
Thorpe W - - 1994
Records from 1577 cows born from 1973 to 1983 on a ranch in lowland Kenya were analyzed for age at first calving, lactation length, lactational milk yield, calving interval, annual milk yield, and, for cows born from 1973 to 1979, number of calvings, productive lifetime in the herd, and lifetime ...
Lafi S - - 1994
Between July 1991 and August 1992, 63 Jordanian dairy farms selected by stratified random sample were visited to identify the major causes and prevalence of intramammary infections in dairy cows. Of 773 cows examined 60% of all sampled quarters had > 283,000 cells/ml. The mean value of somatic cell count ...
Sargeant J M - - 1994
A group of 4863 white veal calves reared on six commercial white veal farms in Ontario were followed through production to describe calf characteristics and production levels. Patterns of morbidity, mortality, and culling were investigated at the farm, room and individual level. The majority of the calves were male Holsteins, ...
Machida H M - - 1994
This study prospectively evaluated 35 consecutive infants who presented with fresh blood mixed with stools. The mean age at onset of bleeding was approximately 4 weeks. All infants were otherwise asymptomatic and exhibited normal growth and physical examinations. None had evidence of a bleeding diathesis, viral or bacterial enteritis, or ...
Garber L P - - 1994
Fecal samples from 7,369 calves on 1,103 farms were examined for cryptosporidia in a nationwide survey, using monoclonal antibody technique. Cryptosporidium oocysts were found in calves from 652 (59.1%) of the farms and in 1,648 (22.4%) of the tested calves. Almost half the calves between 7 and 21 days of ...
Thapa B R - - 1994
One-hundred-twenty infants under 1 year of age suffering from intractable diarrhoea were studied. They had received prior treatment in the form of antimicrobials (100 per cent), stool binding substance (50 percent), antimotility agents (50 per cent), and intravenous (IV) fluids (33 per cent). One-third of them had been hospitalised in ...
Hide D W - - 1994
BACKGROUND: One hundred twenty children, identified before birth as being at high risk for atopy, were prenatally assigned to prophylactic or control groups. METHODS: The infants in the prophylactic group either received breast milk from mothers on an exclusion diet or an extensively hydrolyzed formula. Their bedrooms and living rooms ...
Kuitunen M - - 1994
We investigated gut permeability to human alpha-lactalbumin (ALA) and bovine beta-lactoglobulin (BLG) in 20 infants from birth to 8 months or until weaning, before which they were on a strictly cow's-milk-free diet. We measured the proteins with a sensitive, solid-phase, double-sandwich immunofluorometric assay. Median (range) levels of serum ALA on ...
Casteel S W - - 1994
Amaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed)-induced nephrotoxicity was diagnosed in 6 herds of cattle from 3 counties in southwest Missouri. Forty-eight cows and calves died and another 35 were clinically affected. Serum urea nitrogen concentration, determined in 4 affected calves, was between 55 and 284 mg/dl, and serum creatinine concentration was between ...
Juvonen P - - 1994
A group of 130 healthy term infants were randomly assigned at birth to one of three feeding regimens for the first 3 days of life: human milk (HM), cow-milk formula (CMF), or a casein hydrolysate formula (CHF). The formula-fed infants received no human milk during the study days. After day ...
Kuitunen O O - - 1994
The absorption of alpha-lactalbumin (ALA) and bovine beta-lactoglobulin (BLG) was investigated in 23 healthy preterm infants with gestational ages of 32 to 36 wk. The concentrations of ALA and BLG in serum after a milk feeding were measured at intervals during the first 8 mo of life. We used a ...
Rice L E - - 1994
Dystocia is one of the leading causes of calf mortality between birth and weaning in beef cattle. An understanding of the effects of parturition and dystocia on perinatal calf viability is paramount for the development of breeding and calving programs that will minimize calf losses. This article discusses the factors ...
Hamlen H J - - 1994
A 2-phase study was performed to characterize the effects of Streptococcus equi infection in unexposed and previously exposed foals. In phase I, 22 weanling foals involved in a naturally occurring S equi epizootic were studied, along with a comparison group of 11 unexposed foals, matched for age, sex, and breed. ...
Eiríksson T H - - 1994
The predictive value of cord blood IgE (cIgE) for atopy and related disorders was investigated. Samples were collected from 792 infants delivered consecutively at the National University Hospital in Reykjavík in 1987. The concentration of IgE, but not that of IgA, was found to increase with increasing gestational age at ...
Banzhoff A - - 1994
Salivary SIgA antibodies against RS virus were studied in 105 children during the first year of life. The infants were divided into groups according to their risk of atopy. At birth 13 neonates showed measurable amounts of SIgA to RS virus. In another 26 children specific antibodies were detected but ...
Lovegrove J A - - 1994
Infants born to atopic parents have been found to be at high risk of allergy development. The present study investigated the effect of a maternal milk-free diet during late pregnancy and lactation on the immune response and allergy incidence in at-risk and control infants. Atopic mothers were randomly allocated into ...
Høst A - - 1994
Reproducible clinically abnormal reactions to cow's milk protein (CMP) may be due to the interaction between one or more milk proteins and one or more immune mechanisms, possibly any of the four basic types of hypersensitivity reactions. At present, evidence for type I, III and IV reactions against CMP has ...
Rask-Andersen A - - 1994
Mold dust exposure in the trimming departments of sawmills may cause inhalation fever as well as allergic alveolitis. Responses to questionnaires sent to 2,052 workers from trimming departments of 233 Swedish sawmills showed that one of five workers experienced work-related febrile attacks. A single case of allergic alveolitis was found.
Hirst S J - - 1993
We have attempted to reproduce the findings of Benveniste and co-workers, who reported in 1988 that degranulation of human basophil leukocytes is triggered by very dilute (10(2)-10(120)) antiserum against IgE. The results were contrary to conventional scientific theory and were not satisfactorily explained. Following as closely as possible the methods ...
Markusfeld O - - 1993
Effects of herd, sire, season, body height, BW, age at calving, and metritis on future performance of first lactation cows were evaluated in eight commercial Israeli Holstein herds. Short, heavy first lactation cows had an odds ratio of 3.1 of incidence of metritis at calving compared with all others; 648 ...
Grove-White D H - - 1993
The history and results of a clinical examination were recorded for 32 spring-born suckler calves which were hospitalised for intravenous fluid therapy. Blood samples were taken before treatment, during treatment and before discharge and analysed for colostral status, total carbon dioxide as an indication of acid-base status, and haematocrit. All ...
Halken S - - 1993
In a prospective study of a 1-year birth cohort of 158 high-risk infants the effect of feeding breastmilk, a casein hydrolysate (Nutramigen) or a new ultrafiltrated whey hydrolysate (Profylac) on the development of cow milk protein allergy/intolerance (CMPA/CMPI) was assessed and compared. All the infants had biparental or severe single ...
Bardare M - - 1993
Of 5,500 newborn infants whose family histories were screened, 900 were found to have anamnestic risk. Cord-blood IgE was evaluable in 4,677 of these newborns, of which 394 had levels > or = 1 IU/mL; 84 infants had both anamnestic risk and elevated cord-blood IgE levels. Parents of infants with ...
Núñez-Dominguez R - - 1993
The purpose of this study was to estimate the correlation between the expression of genes from sires in purebred and crossbred progeny (rPC) and in Hereford and Angus F1 calves (rHA). Performance traits were weights at birth, 200 d, and 365 d. Progeny from Hereford, Polled Hereford, and Angus bulls ...
Kreis I A - - 1993
The Dutch part of Kempenland has been exposed to cadmium pollution since the last century. Experimental data suggest effects by cadmium on reproduction such as diminished fertility, decreased foetal growth, and specific malformations. Use was made of a historical cohort of dairy cows, ascertained from a surveillance program conducted by ...
Willems R - - 1993
One hundred twenty-two infants at risk of atopy on the basis of IgE screening at birth and family history of atopy were studied. The occurrence of atopic manifestations was analyzed in relation to their diets during the first 3 months of age. Only the infants receiving hypoallergenic milk were protected ...
Davis M E - - 1993
To examine the feasibility of producing multiple births in beef cattle by means of superovulation, realtime ultrasound was used to identify cows carrying multiple fetuses. Three replicates of the superovulation experiment were conducted with groups of 52, 25 and 89 purebred Angus cows, respectively. Both uterine horns of cows from ...
Schrander J J - - 1993
Incidence and clinical manifestation of cow's milk protein intolerance (CMPI) were studied in 1158 unselected newborn infants followed prospectively from birth to 1 year of age. No food changes were required in 914 infants who were used as healthy controls. When CMPI was suspected (211 infants), diagnostic dietary interventions according ...
Casimir G J - - 1993
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the humoral immune response to cow milk (CM) protein, soya protein, and house dust mites in a group of 64 CM-fed infants, who had atopic dermatitis as the sole atopic manifestation, by measuring not only IgE but also specific IgG antibodies ...
Scott P R - - 1993
Meningoencephalitis was recorded in 10 two- to 14-day-old calves during a two-year field study. Analysis of lumbosacral cerebrospinal fluid revealed a marked increase in protein concentration with a pronounced neutrophilic pleocytosis. Three calves with positive bacteriological cultures which were treated with chloramphenicol survived whereas six calves treated with penicillin G ...
Thomas D W - - 1993
Dietary protein-induced colitis is a frequent cause of rectal bleeding in infants. The exact pathogenic mechanism is unknown but the disorder has been thought to be due to an allergic response. Rectal mucosal edema and eosinophilia are typically found but there are no specific markers currently available. Because eosinophil degranulation, ...
Odze R D - - 1993
Allergic proctocolitis is a major cause of rectal bleeding in infants, but its clinical features and laboratory results are often nonspecific. Our previous retrospective study demonstrated that large numbers of eosinophils in colonic mucosal biopsy specimens were highly associated with cases of allergic proctocolitis. Therefore, we prospectively examined 60 colonic ...
Savilahti E - - 1993
A follow-up study of 69 premature infants showed that at a mean age of 11.4 years they had a cumulative incidence of allergic symptoms similar to that reported in unselected series. The 38 premature infants fed exclusively with human milk to the age of four months had more allergic symptoms ...
Mäkinen-Kiljunen S - - 1993
A bovine milk protein, beta-lactoglobulin (beta LG), was measured by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in seven different infant formulas based on protein hydrolysates from cows' milk whey or casein, and from bovine collagen and soy. beta LG levels in the formulas were 1/100 to 1/4,800,000 lower than in cows' ...
Holland M D - - 1993
Records on 3873 calvings over a 21-year period (1971 to 1991) from the Colorado State University Resident Instruction beef cattle herd were used to examine factors associated with malpresentations at birth. Approximately 82% of the calvings were unassisted and 18% were assisted in some manner. Of the assisted deliveries, severe ...
Dean T P - - 1993
There are numerous alternatives to cows' milk formula for allergic children. We have investigated the allergenicity of several of these using RAST and RAST inhibition on serum from 16 patients with a known history of cows' milk protein intolerance (CMPI) and 16 atopic controls. A RAST grade of > or ...
Tissot J D - - 1993
To study the clonal events occurring during ontogeny of the humoral immune system, we evaluated plasma immunoglobulin (Ig) production in term newborns and young children by high-resolution two-dimensional gel electrophoresis. The clonality pattern of Ig light (L) chains from healthy newborns (n = 19) was similar to that observed on ...
Ariano R - - 1993
We have described ten cases of respiratory allergy to the pollen of Mercurialis annua in the area of Bordighera (Riviera dei Fiori) on the Italian Mediterranean coast. The incidence of sensitivity is only 0.9% in a population of 1081 patients with pollinosis. Since the Euphorbiaceae family (spurges) contains strongly sensitizing ...
Cook B R - - 1993
A stochastic computer simulation model was developed to evaluate the effects of selection strategies based on heifer pelvic area and sire birth weight EPD on dystocia in first-calf heifers. Parameters and relationships used were taken from the literature. Unrelated sets of yearling heifers were simulated. Replacement heifer selection was based ...
Brown M A - - 1993
Preweaning data on 486 Angus, Brahman, and reciprocal cross calves (AB, BA) managed on common bermudagrass or endophyte-infected tall fescue were used to evaluate the interactions of forage type and sex of calf with direct effects, individual heterosis, and maternal effects. Calves were spring-born in 1988, 1989, 1990, and 1991 ...
Azzam S M - - 1993
Calving records from 1969 to 1989 from the Roman L. Hruska U.S. Meat Animal Research Center were used to investigate how climatic conditions, in addition to dystocia, age of dam, size of calf, and sex affect calf survival from birth to 1 wk of age. Data were analyzed separately for ...
Kleinman R E - - 1992
Substitute feedings have been used to treat infants with cow milk protein allergy for most of this century. For the past 50 years, several infant formulas based on animal proteins, both intact and chemically modified, or on vegetable protein have been labeled "hypoallergenic." Because of the risk of anaphylaxis and ...
Strobel S - - 1992
Clinical observations have suggested that the development of atopic diseases in childhood may be influenced by breast-feeding and the timing of first exposure to foreign protein, but the controversy is far from being resolved. Early weaning and introduction of foreign proteins (i.e., cow milk) have been associated with an increased ...
Mallet E - - 1992
This prospective, long-term study assessed the effects of a protein hydrolysate formula on allergy prevention in infants with a family history of allergy. Infants were randomly assigned to receive either the hydrolysate formula (n = 92) or an adapted cow milk formula (n = 85) alone or with breast-feeding for ...
Schrander J J - - 1992
Over a period of 4 years, 88 infants with cow's milk protein intolerance (CMPI) were followed prospectively in order to evaluate the persistence of CMPI and its relationship between either serum IgE levels or RAST results for cow's milk. After exclusion of lactose intolerance, two positive cow's milk elimination challenge ...
Vainsel M - - 1992
Growth, bone mineralization and intestinal absorption were studied in 16 infants fed low-phosphate cow's milk and compared with a group of 15 infants fed conventional cow's milk. In the low-phosphate-fed infants the intestinal calcium absorption was as high as in infants fed human milk, the main characteristics of growth and ...
Ruiz R G - - 1992
The risk of infantile atopic dermatitis (AD) posed by maternal atopy and paternal atopy, respectively, were compared in the infants from a birth cohort in whom one of the parents had been designated atopic by skin prick testing. Nineteen with atopic mothers were compared with 20 with atopic fathers. AD, ...
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