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Zhang Lei L Department of Infectious Diseases, Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University, No.169, Donghu Road, Wuchang District, 430071 Wuhan, Hubei Province, China; Department of Infection Control, Qingdao Municipal Hospital, Qingdao, - - 2014
Combined immunization with hepatitis B immunoglobulin (HBIG) plus hepatitis B vaccine (HB vaccine) can effectively prevent perinatal transmission of hepatitis B virus (HBV). With the universal administration of HB vaccine, anti-HBs conferred by HB vaccine can be found increasingly in pregnant women, and maternal anti-HBs can be passed through the ...
Xiao Jie J Ren Ji Hospital, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai, - - 2014
Biliary atresia is the major kind of liver disease that mainly affects the new born infants. The pathological and biological mechanism of biliary atresia is still unclear to date. In this work, we attempt to identify biliary atresia relevant genes and to get the knowledge of the underlying genetic basis. ...
Takahashi Yoichiro Y Department of Legal Medicine, Gunma University, Graduate School of Medicine, Maebashi 371-8511, - - 2014
A 3-month-old infant was found dead in his bed. A postmortem computed tomography (CT) scan suggested fatty attenuation in the liver parenchyma, but no other potentially fatal changes were found. To clarify the cause of death, a medicolegal autopsy was carried out. Internal examination confirmed the presence of liver steatosis ...
Robie Daniel K DK Division of Pediatric Surgery, Nemours Children's Clinic, Jacksonville, Florida, - - 2014
Diagnosis of biliary atresia (BA) in infants presenting with cholestatic jaundice (CJ) requires exploratory surgery with cholangiography. However, the lack of a standardized approach to preoperative evaluation of infants with CJ can lead to a high number of negative surgical explorations. We reviewed our experience with CJ and BA to ...
Sira Mostafa M MM Departments of aPediatric Hepatology bHepatobiliary Surgery, National Liver Institute, Menofiya University, 32511, Shebin El-koom, Menofiya, - - 2014
Discrimination of biliary atresia (BA) from other causes of neonatal cholestasis (NC) is challenging. We aimed to analyze the clinicopathological findings in cholestatic infants who were provisionally diagnosed with BA and then excluded by intraoperative cholangiography compared with those with a definitive diagnosis of BA and to shed light on ...
Wilkinson Nick N iCub Facility, Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia, Genova, - - 2014
Human expertise in face perception grows over development, but even within minutes of birth, infants exhibit an extraordinary sensitivity to face-like stimuli. The dominant theory accounts for innate face detection by proposing that the neonate brain contains an innate face detection device, dubbed 'Conspec'. Newborn face preference has been promoted ...
Lobo Michele A MA Department of Physical Therapy, The University of Delaware, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study describes infants' behaviors with objects in relation to age, body position, and object properties. Object behaviors were assessed longitudinally in 22 healthy infants supine, prone, and sitting from birth through 2 years. Results reveal: (1) infants learn to become intense and sophisticated explorers within the first 6 months ...
Stahl Aimee E AE Johns Hopkins - - 2014
Throughout their 1st year, infants adeptly detect statistical structure in their environment. However, little is known about whether statistical learning is a primary mechanism for event segmentation. This study directly tests whether statistical learning alone is sufficient to segment continuous events. Twenty-eight 7- to 9-month-old infants viewed a sequence of ...
Rocchetti Matteo M Department of Psychosis Studies, Institute of Psychiatry, King's College London, London, UK; Department of Brain and Behavioral Sciences, University of Pavia, Pavia, - - 2014
Several studies have tried to understand the possible neurobiological basis of mothering. The putative involvement of oxytocin, in this regard, has been deeply investigated. Performing a voxel-based meta-analysis, we aimed at testing the hypothesis of overlapping brain activation in fMRI studies investigating the mother-infant interaction and the oxytocin modulation of ...
Rankin Eric D ED Department of Behavioral Medicine and Psychiatry, West Virginia University, 930 Chestnut Ridge Rd., Morgantown, WV 26505. E-mail: - - 2014
Mourning has received considerable attention in the psychoanalytic literature. Beginning with Freud's 1917 investigation, the central role of mourning in psychical development via identification has been articulated and subsequently elaborated upon by various authors (e.g., Klein, 1940; Schafer, 2005). Forgiveness, on the other hand, has until recently received considerably less ...
Soska Kasey C KC New York - - 2014
Recent research has revealed the important role of multimodal object exploration in infants' cognitive and social development. Yet, the real time effects of postural position on infants' object exploration have been largely ignored. In the current study, 5- to 7-month-old infants (N = 29) handled objects while placed in supported ...
Deák Gedeon O GO Department of Cognitive Science, University of California at San Diego, - - 2014
Infants gradually learn to share attention, but it is unknown how they acquire skills such as gaze-following. Deák and Triesch () suggest that gaze-following could be acquired if infants learn that adults' gaze direction is likely to be aligned with interesting sights. This hypothesis stipulates that adults tend to look ...
Mendoza Jennifer K - - 2014
Learning and discovery seem often to begin with noting patterns. Human infants are skilled at pattern detection, even patterns only definable at an abstract level, which is key to their acquisition of complex knowledge systems such as language and music. However, research examining infants' abstract rule learning has generated inconsistent ...
Szufnarowska Joanna J Emergentist Semantics Group, CITEC, Bielefeld University, - - 2014
According to natural pedagogy theory, infants are sensitive to particular ostensive cues that communicate to them that they are being addressed and that they can expect to learn referential information. We demonstrate that 6-month-old infants follow others' gaze direction in situations that are highly attention-grabbing. This occurs irrespective of whether ...
Corbetta Daniela D Director Infant Perception-Action Laboratory, Department of Psychology, The University of Tennessee Knoxville, TN, - - 2014
For decades, the emergence and progression of infant reaching was assumed to be largely under the control of vision. More recently, however, the guiding role of vision in the emergence of reaching has been downplayed. Studies found that young infants can reach in the dark without seeing their hand and ...
Schlesinger Matthew M Department of Psychology, Southern Illinois University Carbondale, Carbondale IL, - - 2014
We are pursuing the hypothesis that visual exploration and learning in young infants is achieved by producing gaze-sample sequences that are sequentially predictable. Our recent analysis of infants' gaze patterns during image free-viewing (Schlesinger and Amso, 2013) provides support for this idea. In particular, this work demonstrates that infants' gaze ...
Mascaro Olivier - - 2013
We tested 15-month-olds' capacity to represent social-dominance hierarchies with more than two agents. Our results showed that infants found it harder to memorize dominance relations that were presented in an order that hindered the incremental formation of a single structure (Study 1). These results suggest that infants attempt to build ...
Uithol Sebo - - 2013
Intention reading and action understanding have been reported in ever-younger infants. However, the notions of intention attribution and action understanding, as well as their relation to each other, are surrounded by much confusion, making it difficult to assess the meaning and value of such findings. In this paper we set ...
Borchert Sonja - - 2013
Imitative learning has been described in naturalistic studies for different cultures, but lab-based research studying imitative learning across different cultural contexts is almost missing. Therefore, imitative learning was assessed with 18-month-old German middle-class and Cameroonian Nso farmer infants - representing two highly different eco-cultural contexts associated with different cultural models, ...
Fukuyama Hiroshi - - 2013
Human adults exaggerate their actions and facial expressions when interacting with infants. These infant-directed modifications highlight certain aspects of action sequences and attract infants' attention. This study investigated whether social-emotional aspects of infant-directed modifications, such as smiling, eye contact, and onomatopoeic vocalization, influence infants' copying of another's action, especially action ...
Simayijiang Zhayida - - 2013
In this paper, we study machine learning techniques and features of electroencephalography activity bursts for predicting outcome in extremely preterm infants. It was previously shown that the distribution of interburst interval durations predicts clinical outcome, but in previous work the information within the bursts has been neglected. In this paper, ...
Brower Tracy R - - 2013
Infants' learn a great deal about the physical world during the first year of life. There is a growing body of research investigating the conditions under which this is most likely to occur. Most of this research has focused on the type of information that infants are presented. The current ...
Király Ildikó - - 2013
The principle of rationality has been invoked to explain that infants expect agents to perform the most efficient means action to attain a goal. It has also been demonstrated that infants take into account the efficiency of observed actions to achieve a goal outcome when deciding whether to reenact a ...
Newland Lindsay - - 2013
Recent literature suggests that premature infants are better served by an infant-driven feeding practice rather than the historical volume and time-driven model. Until recently, our unit (a large 83-bed Level III center) followed the practice of countless other units-the infant was fed according to the physician's orders with little attention ...
Gerson Sarah A - - 2013
Means-end actions are an early-emerging form of problem-solving. These actions require initiating initial behaviors with a goal in mind. In this study, we explored the origins of 8-monthold infants' means-end action production using a cloth-pulling training paradigm. We examined whether highlighting the goal (toy) or the means (cloth) was more ...
Schmitow Clara - - 2013
Human actions are often embedded in contexts of social interactions. However, just a few studies that have explored the development of infants' understanding of other people's manual actions do take this variable into account. In this study, 10- and 18-month-old infants were shown three interactive manual actions which the infants ...
Taylor Chloe - - 2013
Adults commonly prefer blues most and greenish yellows least, but these hue preferences interact with lightness and saturation (e.g., dark yellow is particularly disliked: Palmer & Schloss (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 107:8877-8882, 2010)). Here, we tested for a similar hue-by-lightness interaction in infant looking preferences, to determine ...
Waldron Sharn - - 2013
The 'black hole' is a metaphor for a reality in the psyche of many individuals who have experienced complex trauma in infancy and early childhood. The 'black hole' has been created by an absence of the object, the (m)other, so there is no internalized object, no (m)other in the psyche. ...
Halina Marta - - 2013
Great apes communicate with gestures in flexible ways. Based on several lines of evidence, Tomasello and colleagues have posited that many of these gestures are learned via ontogenetic ritualization-a process of mutual anticipation in which particular social behaviors come to function as intentional communicative signals. Recently, Byrne and colleagues have ...
Anderson Ursula S - - 2013
Ordinal understanding is involved in understanding social hierarchies, series of actions, and everyday events. Moreover, an appreciation of numerical order is critical to understanding number at a highly abstract, conceptual level. In this paper, we review findings concerning the development and expression of ordinal numerical knowledge in preverbal human infants ...
Pulverman Rachel R Delaware State University. - - 2013
In the world, the manners and paths of motion events take place together, but in language, these features are expressed separately. How do infants learn to process motion events in linguistically appropriate ways? Forty-six English-learning 7- to 9-month-olds were habituated to a motion event in which a character performed both ...
Cashon Cara H CH The University of Louisville, Louisville, KY 40292, USA. - - 2013
A growing body of research indicates connections exist between action, perception, and cognition in infants. In this study, associated changes between sitting ability and upright face processing were tested in 111 infants. Using the visual habituation "switch" task (C. H. Cashon & L. B. Cohen, 2004; L. B. Cohen & ...
Matheson Heath - - 2012
From the first year of life, imitative learning readily occurs in contexts where a demonstrator directly interacts with infants (i.e., "interactive contexts"), and at least by 18months, imitation will also occur in third-party or observational contexts where infants witness a demonstration by another person that is not directed at them. ...
Rat-Fischer Lauriane - - 2012
In this study, we investigated whether hand preference influences infants' choice of what hand to use in grasping a new tool presented at the midline, and whether this will change in the course of learning the functionality of a tool. The tool was a rake within reach placed beside an ...
Phuphaibul Rutja - - 2012
This descriptive study identifies and examines the consistency of parenting styles during the first year of their children's lives. The data were collected from interviewing 4088 parents or primary care takers of the 6 month old infants during the third wave of data collection of The Prospective Cohort of Thai Children ...
Viskari-Lähdeoja Suvi - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Premature infants demonstrate immature physiological control mechanisms; however their acute cardiovascular control has not yet been widely studied. AIM: The aim of this study was to analyze heart rate (HR) and blood pressure (BP) control in preterm infants. SUBJECTS: Twenty preterm infants with a mean gestational age of 31±2.4 ...
Sathya A - - 2012
Congenital adrenal hyperplasia is an uncommon diagnosis in routine clinical practice. 21-hydroxylase deficiency, which is its most common subtype, may be diagnosed at birth in a female infant by virilisation or by features of salt wasting in both genders. However, other uncommon subtypes of this condition such as 17-alpha-hydroxylase deficiency, ...
Nist Marliese Dion - - 2012
The immature cardiovascular system of very preterm infants predisposes them to low systemic blood flow during the first week of life, a state that may be damaging to multiple organ systems. There are many treatment strategies for the maintenance of cardiovascular equilibrium in these infants, each with its own advantages ...
Lee Ji Eun - - 2012
Bell's phenomenon (BP), which may disturb screening examinations for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), is known to present infrequently in premature babies. Stress associated with the examinations can influence expression of BP. The authors of the present study evaluated BP during examinations for ROP. The present study included 102 eyes of ...
Antonios Tarek F T - - 2012
BackgroundCapillary rarefaction is pathognomonic of essential hypertension. We have previously shown significant capillary rarefaction in normotensive adult offspring of hypertensive parents, suggesting a familial predisposition in which capillary rarefaction represents a primary vascular abnormality that antedates the onset of sustained elevation of blood pressure (BP). We have recently reported that ...
Izraelit A - - 2012
We report mid-aortic syndrome (MAC) in two preterm infants. Both infants developed malignant hypertension refractory to medical therapy and died early in infancy. Thus far, this account is of the two youngest patients with MAC.
Garcia Alejandro - - 2012
Infants affected with congenital diaphragmatic hernias (CDH) suffer from some degree of respiratory insufficiency arising from a combination of pulmonary hypoplasia and pulmonary hypertension. Respiratory care strategies to optimize blood gasses lead to significant barotrauma, increased morbidity, and overuse of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). Newer permissive hypercapnia/spontaneous ventilation protocols geared ...
Metz Torri D - - 2012
Objective: The time course over which hypertension develops in children with a history of growth restriction has not been fully elucidated. The purpose of this study was to determine whether commonly obtained hemodynamic parameters were different between small for gestational age (SGA) and appropriate for gestational age (AGA) neonates. Methods: ...
Flynn Joseph T - - 2012
Continued interest in neonatal hypertension has led to generation of new data on normal blood pressure (BP) values in neonates, identification of new causes of hypertension in the neonatal period, and improved insights into therapy. Normal BP in neonates depends on a variety of factors, including gestational age, postnatal age, ...
König Kai - - 2012
PURPOSE: Blood pressure (BP) monitoring is an essential procedure in intensive care. There is controversy about the reliability of non-invasive BP measurements in very preterm infants. This prospective trial compared non-invasive BP monitoring with BP monitoring via an umbilical arterial catheter (UAC) in this population. METHODS: Preterm infants born at ...
Muraca Mc - - 2012
Abstract Nitric oxide (NO) is a cellular signaling molecule and a powerful vasodilator. NO modulates basal pulmonary vascular tone and it is important to reduce blood pressure and to treat hypoxemic respiratory failure, such as persistent pulmonary hypertension (PPHN) in newborns. PPHN is defined as a failure of normal pulmonary ...
Batton Beau J BJ Department of Pediatrics, Rainbow Babies & Children's Hospital, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, USA. - - 2012
To assess the feasibility of a randomized placebo controlled trial (RCT) of blood pressure (BP) management for extremely preterm infants. This was a prospective pilot RCT of infants 23-0/7 to 26-6/7 weeks gestation who had protocol-defined low BP in the first 24 postnatal hours. Enrolled infants were administered a study ...
Bhat Ramachandra - - 2012
Pulmonary hypertension is associated with bronchopulmonary dysplasia in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants and contributes to morbidity and mortality. The objective was to determine the prevalence of pulmonary hypertension among ELBW infants by screening echocardiography and evaluate subsequent outcomes. All ELBW infants admitted to a regional perinatal center were ...
Kabbur Prakash M - - 2012
Hypertension is an unusual finding in premature infants and warrants an extensive workup. Well-known causes of hypertension include endocrine, renal and cardiac anomalies. Coarctation of the thoracic aorta, a well-recognized cardiac anomaly leading to hypertension can manifest at various ages including the newborn period. In contrast, midaortic syndrome (MAS), also ...
Quinn Paul C - - 2012
Infants do not readily organize visual pattern information using form similarity: 3 to 4 month olds familiarized with arrays consisting of alternating columns or rows of a given element contrast do not display a subsequent preference for a novel organization of horizontal versus vertical bars. However, when array types composed ...
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