Search Results
Results 151 - 200 of 1189
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Wandalsen Gustavo F - - 2008
The raised volume rapid thoracic compression (RVRTC) technique has shown to be very promising in the evaluation of infant's lung function. In this technique lungs are inflated several times to a preset pressure prior to the thoracic compression. Many infants made a spontaneous inspiration (sigh) at the end of these ...
Arai Hirokazu - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Funisitis is a manifestation of the fetal inflammatory response syndrome, and intrauterine inflammation is involved in the pathogenesis of lung injury in premature infants. The aim of the present paper was to examine the relationship between funisitis and lung injury in premature infants born at <28 weeks gestation. The ...
Sánchez-Crespo Alejandro - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Single photon emission tomography (SPECT) of the lung is a well-established non-invasive technique for quantitative assessment of regional lung ventilation and perfusion distribution in children and in adults. However, its application in neonates as well as infants has been scarce because of several practical limitations, such as the trade ...
Lo Chiao-Wei - - 2008
Meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS) may result in considerable morbidity and mortality in newborn infants. The current standard treatment is still in need of improvement for the most severe patients. We report 3 cases with devastating MAS that was successfully treated with therapeutic lung lavage. These cases were all delivered in ...
Copetti Roberto - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) is a severe form of neonatal respiratory distress which occurs almost exclusively in premature infants. At present, the diagnosis is based on radiological findings and clinical course. Lung ultrasound in RDS has not yet been fully assessed. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to ...
Davies M W - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Respiratory mortality and morbidity remain major consequences of extreme prematurity. Percutaneous transfer of oxygen and carbon dioxide is possible in the newborn human. Perfluorocarbon (PFC) liquids have excellent oxygen and carbon dioxide carrying capacity. Animals can breath immersed in perfluorocarbon liquids and maintain adequate gas exchange. Our hypothesis is ...
Gerards F A - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to evaluate the prognostic utility of 2D lung area and 3D lung volume measurements of the contralateral lung in infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia. METHODS: At 18-37 weeks' gestation between 1 and 5 scans of the contralateral fetal lung were obtained in 6 ...
Ruano Rodrigo - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the precision of three-dimensional ultrasonography (3DUS) in estimating the ipsilateral lung volume and the potential of this measurement to predict neonatal death in congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). METHODS: Between January 2002 and December 2004, the ipsilateral lung volumes were assessed by 3DUS using the technique of rotation ...
Streubel A H - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence and associated complications of atypical chronic lung disease (ACLD) in extremely low birth weight infants. STUDY DESIGN: All infants born at Johns Hopkins Hospital between 1996 and 2001, with birthweight <1000 g, gestational age <31 weeks, no major anomalies or genetic syndromes, and living at ...
Khan Salman - - 2007
Acquired lobar emphysema (ALE), a clinical entity often associated with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in premature infants, carries significant morbidity and mortality. Because of compression of adjacent lung tissue and poor response to medical therapy, patients may require surgical resection of the hyperinflated region of lung. The decision of proceed to ...
Müller H - - 2008
Deleted in Malignant Brain Tumours 1 (DMBT1) is a secreted scavenger receptor cysteine-rich protein that binds and aggregates various bacteria and viruses in vitro. Studies in adults have shown that DMBT1 is expressed mainly by mucosal epithelia and glands, in particular within the respiratory tract, and plays a role in ...
Tin Win - - 2008
Chronic lung disease (CLD) or bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is one of the most common long-term complications in very premature infants. The incidence of CLD has been increasing over the past two decades in parallel with an improvement in the survival of this population. We have witnessed a revolution in the ...
Broughton Simon - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Chronic respiratory morbidity has been reported in prematurely born infants after respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and human metapneumovirus (hMPV) lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs). The aim of this study was to determine the impact of viral LRTI on lung function at follow-up of prematurely born infants. METHODS: Fifty-nine infants ...
Loland Lotte - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to evaluate the feasibility of lung function measurements by the raised volume rapid thoracoabdominal compression (RVRTC) technique during bronchial methacholine challenge in young infants. METHOD: Four hundred two healthy infants were tested at 1 month of age with RVRTC during repeated methacholine challenges ...
Joshi Suchita - - 2007
Human lung growth starts as a primitive lung bud in early embryonic life and undergoes several morphological stages which continue into postnatal life. Each stage of lung growth is a result of complex and tightly regulated events governed by physical, environmental, hormonal and genetic factors. Fetal lung liquid and fetal ...
Friedrich Luciana - - 2007
RATIONALE: It remains unclear whether premature birth, in the absence of neonatal respiratory disease, results in abnormal growth and development of the lung. We previously reported that a group of healthy infants born at 32-34 weeks' gestation and without respiratory complications had decreased forced expiratory flows and normal forced vital ...
Heinrich Joachim - - 2007
BACKGROUND: There is a growing body of evidence for serious health consequences of exposure to ambient air pollution. The general question of who is susceptible is one of the most important gaps in current knowledge regarding particulate matter (PM)-related health effects. Who is susceptible depends on the specific health endpoint ...
Snijders D - - 2007
A 4-month-old caucasian infant presented non-productive cough, fever associated with hemoptysis, and increasing anemia. He had mild tachypnoea; routine lab tests were normal. The thoracic HRCT scan showed a very large mass in the right lung adherent to the thorax wall, well defined and limiting the medium and upper lobe; ...
Nye Julie - - 2007
Over the past 20 years, corticosteroid use in the preterm infant has fallen in and out offavor. Steroids were introduced in the 1980s as a mode of preventing and treating chronic lung disease (CLD) in the preterm infant population. This use has been targeted toward low birth weight infants who ...
Stern Debra A - - 2007
Together with smoking, the lung function attained in early adulthood is one of the strongest predictors of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. We aimed to investigate whether lung function in early adulthood is, in turn, affected by airway function measured shortly after birth. Non-selected infants were enrolled at birth in the ...
Broughton Simon - - 2007
To determine whether abnormalities of lung volume and/or airway function were associated with wheeze at follow-up in infants born very prematurely and to identify risk factors for wheeze. Lung function data obtained at 1 year of age were collated from two cohorts of infants recruited into the UKOS and an ...
Lefton-Greif Maureen A - - 2007
Temporal coordination of deglutition and respiration is essential for survival because both functions share the pharynx as a common pathway. Disruptions in this interface in young infants may result in dysphagia that may lead to aspiration and injury to the developing lung. Likewise, respiratory problems may contribute to the development ...
Levine Stuart M - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: We previously proposed that novel expression and/or conformation of autoantigens in the target tissue may play a role in generating phenotype-specific immune responses. The strong association of autoantibodies to histidyl-transfer RNA synthetase (HisRS, Jo-1) with interstitial lung disease in patients with myositis led us to study HisRS expression and ...
Voigt K - - 2007
The principles of maedi-visna eradication programmes were applied to a field trial for the eradication of ovine pulmonary adenocarcinoma (OPA). In two maternal flocks the prevalence of gross and histological lesions in slaughtered animals was 18.3 per cent and 29.8 per cent, respectively. The lambing period was supervised for three ...
Maritz Gert - - 2008
BACKGROUND: We have recently shown that moderate preterm birth, in the absence of respiratory support, altered the structure of lung parenchyma in young lambs, but the long-term effects are unknown. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether structural changes persist to maturity, and whether postnatal growth affects lung structure at maturity in sheep. ...
Dotta Andrea - - 2007
The assessment of lung volumes, particularly functional residual capacity (FRC), is crucial for understanding lung development during infancy in CDH patients.AIM: To evaluate changes in lung function during infancy in subjects with CDH treated with a "gentle ventilation" technique and delayed surgery strategy in the neonatal period. METHODS: 13 CDH ...
Keller Roberta L - - 2007
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia is characterized by fetal and neonatal lung hypoplasia as well as vascular hypoplasia. Antenatal imaging studies have been performed that attempt to quantify the degree of hypoplasia and its impact on infant prognosis. Prenatal and perinatal growth of the lung and vasculature are interdependent and their continued ...
Subbarao Padmaja - - 2007
Inhaled hypertonic saline (HS) positively affects both lung function and pulmonary exacerbations in children and adults with cystic fibrosis (CF). Early initiation of treatment may potentially reduce lung function decline and improve outcome of CF patients. However, the safety and tolerability of HS have not been established in infants and ...
Steinhorn Robin H - - 2007
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Inhaled nitric oxide is established therapy for term infants with hypoxemic respiratory failure. Laboratory studies demonstrate that inhaled nitric oxide improves lung function and morphology in animal models of bronchopulmonary dysplasia, creating a rationale for clinical studies in premature infants. Four large multicenter randomized trials have now ...
Padman Raj - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Previous analyses of the Epidemiologic Study of Cystic Fibrosis database revealed that sites with the highest average patient lung function monitor patients and treat with antibiotics more aggressively than those where average lung function is lowest. The aim of this study was to assess whether patterns of care for ...
Pynnonen Melissa - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is diagnosed by the presence of signs and symptoms of CRS in conjunction with physical evidence of mucosal inflammation. We sought to identify symptoms that predict CRS. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of patients referred to a tertiary care rhinology clinic for evaluation of CRS. ...
Chen Yi-Ling - - 2007
Lymphangioma refers to the local proliferation of well-differentiated lymphatic tissue. Generalized lymphangiomatosis is rare. We report a previously healthy 8-month-old infant who suffered from tachypnea with mild fever for 2 weeks. Imaging studies revealed a well-defined, large mass occupying the mediastinum, which presented as cardiomegaly. The disseminated mass extended to ...
Brooker R W - - 2007
Thoracostomy tubes are commonly required to treat pnuemothoraces in premature infants. Evidence of impalement of the lungs by tube thoracostomy has been seen in autopsy studies. In neonates, there has been described a surprisingly high incidence of lung perforation. The premature lung is thought to be at greater risk for ...
Heinze Hermann - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Measurement of functional residual capacity (FRC) is of considerable interest for monitoring patients with lung injury. The lack of instruments has impeded routine bedside FRC measurement. Recently, a simple automated method for FRC assessment by O2 washout has been introduced. We designed this study to evaluate the accuracy of ...
Tingay D G - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To describe the pattern and magnitude of lung volume change during open endotracheal tube (ETT) suction in infants receiving high-frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV). DESIGN: Prospective observational clinical study. SETTING: Tertiary neonatal intensive care unit. PATIENTS AND PARTICIPANTS: Seven intubated and muscle-relaxed newborn infants receiving HFOV. INTERVENTIONS: Open ETT suction ...
Jiang Ze D - - 2007
Very low birthweight (VLBW) infants who had prolonged oxygen dependence due to chronic respiratory problems, typically neonatal chronic lung disease (CLD), are at high risk of neurodevelopmental impairment. To assess the effect of CLD on neonatal auditory function we studied brainstem auditory evoked response (BAER) in VLBW infants who suffered ...
Saugstad Ola D - - 2007
AIM: To investigate whether intractable respiratory distress syndrome in three Norwegian term infants was due to mutations in the ABCA3 gene. METHODS: The genes encoding SP-B (SFTPB), SP-C (SFTPC), and ABCA3 (ABCA3) were sequenced from the parents of one infant and two unrelated infants with fatal neonatal lung disease. Lung ...
Williams Olivia - - 2007
Chronic lung disease (CLD) is a common outcome of neonatal intensive care. To determine whether the results of serial exhaled nitric oxide (eNO) measurements during the perinatal period differed between infants who did and did not develop CLD. In addition, we wished to assess whether eNO results were more predictive ...
Stocks Janet - - 2007
Over the past year, a series of papers have reviewed the literature concerning assessment and interpretation of lung function in infants and young children with chronic lung disease of infancy. This manuscript, which represents the final paper in that series, summarizes the findings to date and highlights key areas for ...
Jones Bryn Owen - - 2007
AIM: There are currently two dexamethasone regimes used in our nursery. We aimed to retrospectively compare the cumulative dose of dexamethasone that infants on each regime received and the requirement for further courses. METHODS: Infants receiving dexamethasone between 1 January 2000 and 31 December 2004, with a gestational age of ...
Isnard M - - 2007
Congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation (CCAM) of the lung is a rare abnormality which is amenable to be diagnosed by prenatal ultrasonography. In general, CCAM associated with non-immune hydrops has a poor prognosis unless a fetal intervention is performed. In some series almost 100% of either prenatal or early neonatal deaths ...
Gaillard Erol A - - 2007
Airway liquid content and insufficient absorptive airway ion transport at birth are potentially important factors in the development and severity of neonatal respiratory disease. The role of deficient absorptive airway ion transport in the development of chronic lung disease of prematurity is unknown. Additionally, lung inflammatory mediators modulate airway ion ...
Beck Raphael - - 2007
We evaluated the use of computerized quantification of wheezing and crackles compared to a clinical score in assessing the effect of inhaled albuterol or inhaled epinephrine in infants with RSV bronchiolitis. Computerized lung sounds analysis with quantification of wheezing and crackles and a clinical score were used during a double ...
Bonsante F - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Several reports indicate a decreased cortisol response to adrenocorticotropic hormone in preterm infants developing chronic lung disease and in preterm infants with refractory hypotension. Low-dose hydrocortisone (HC) may allow for beneficial effects. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to assess whether HC is able to increase survival without chronic lung disease. ...
Janér Joakim - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Endostatin is a potent angiogenesis inhibitor. Angiogenesis is central for the development of the human lung. The role of endostatin in the development of the human lung and its connection to chronic lung disease remain unclear. We set out to study the role of endostatin in the developing human ...
Copetti Roberto - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Transient tachypnea of the newborn (TTN) is a mild form of neonatal respiratory distress which early in its course needs to be differentiated from other severe respiratory disorders. At present the diagnosis is based on radiological findings and clinical course. Lung sonography in TTN has not yet been assessed. ...
Arya Vikram - - 2006
Systemic corticosteroids are widely used for the treatment/prevention of chronic lung disease (CLD) in premature infants. The use of the inhalation route for delivering corticosteroids has been widely recognized, however so far pre-term babies continue to be treated with oral glucocorticoids, such as dexamethasone. We hypothesize that the pulmonary administration ...
Lum Sooky - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Lung clearance index (LCI), a measure of ventilation inhomogeneity derived from the multiple-breath inert gas washout (MBW) technique, has been shown to detect abnormal lung function more readily than spirometry in preschool children with cystic fibrosis, but whether this holds true during infancy is unknown. OBJECTIVES: To compare the ...
Katier N - - 2006
The single occlusion technique (SOT) is a simple and noninvasive technique for measurement of passive respiratory mechanics in infants. Reference values based on measurements of a large population of healthy infants performed outside specialized research laboratories are lacking. The aim of this study was to present reference values for passive ...
Roiha H L - - 2007
Animal models suggest that reduced nitric oxide (NO) synthase activity results in lower values of exhaled NO (eNO) present at birth in those individuals who are going to develop chronic lung disease of infancy (CLDI). Online tidal eNO was measured in 39 unsedated pre-term infants with CLDI (mean gestational age ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >