Search Results
Results 51 - 100 of 1199
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Muraca Mc - - 2012
Abstract Nitric oxide (NO) is a cellular signaling molecule and a powerful vasodilator. NO modulates basal pulmonary vascular tone and it is important to reduce blood pressure and to treat hypoxemic respiratory failure, such as persistent pulmonary hypertension (PPHN) in newborns. PPHN is defined as a failure of normal pulmonary ...
Batton Beau J BJ Department of Pediatrics, Rainbow Babies & Children's Hospital, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, USA. - - 2012
To assess the feasibility of a randomized placebo controlled trial (RCT) of blood pressure (BP) management for extremely preterm infants. This was a prospective pilot RCT of infants 23-0/7 to 26-6/7 weeks gestation who had protocol-defined low BP in the first 24 postnatal hours. Enrolled infants were administered a study ...
Bhat Ramachandra - - 2012
Pulmonary hypertension is associated with bronchopulmonary dysplasia in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants and contributes to morbidity and mortality. The objective was to determine the prevalence of pulmonary hypertension among ELBW infants by screening echocardiography and evaluate subsequent outcomes. All ELBW infants admitted to a regional perinatal center were ...
Kabbur Prakash M - - 2012
Hypertension is an unusual finding in premature infants and warrants an extensive workup. Well-known causes of hypertension include endocrine, renal and cardiac anomalies. Coarctation of the thoracic aorta, a well-recognized cardiac anomaly leading to hypertension can manifest at various ages including the newborn period. In contrast, midaortic syndrome (MAS), also ...
Quinn Paul C - - 2012
Infants do not readily organize visual pattern information using form similarity: 3 to 4 month olds familiarized with arrays consisting of alternating columns or rows of a given element contrast do not display a subsequent preference for a novel organization of horizontal versus vertical bars. However, when array types composed ...
O'Brien Karel - - 2012
The use of mechanical ventilation is associated with lung injury in preterm infants and therefore the goal is to avoid or minimize its use. To date there is very little consensus on what is considered the "best non-invasive ventilation mode" to be used post-extubation. The objective of this study was ...
Yurovsky Daniel - - 2012
The study of cognitive development hinges, largely, on the analysis of infant looking. But analyses of eye gaze data require the adoption of linking hypotheses: assumptions about the relationship between observed eye movements and underlying cognitive processes. We develop a general framework for constructing, testing, and comparing these hypotheses, and ...
Cantwell Roch - - 2011
In the triennium 2006-2008, 261 women in the UK died directly or indirectly related to pregnancy. The overall maternal mortality rate was 11.39 per 100,000 maternities. Direct deaths decreased from 6.24 per 100,000 maternities in 2003-2005 to 4.67 per 100,000 maternities in 2006–2008 (p = 0.02). This decline is predominantly ...
Hofhuis Ward - - 2011
: To collect longitudinal data on lung function in the first year of life after extracorporeal membrane oxygenation and to evaluate relationships between lung function and perinatal factors. Longitudinal data on lung function in the first year of life after extracorporeal membrane oxygenation are lacking. : Prospective longitudinal cohort study. ...
Cecchini Stefano - - 2011
We describe the underlying theory, design and experimental evaluation of an electromechanical analogue infant lung to simulate spontaneous breathing patterns of preterm infants. The aim of this work is to test the possibility to obtain breathing patterns of preterm infants by taking into consideration the air compressibility. Respiratory volume function ...
Olden C - - 2010
Lung function measurement is difficult in unsedated infants; tidal breathing parameters are a useful non-invasive surrogate, but even these measurements cause disturbance from applying a facemask. We investigated a novel volumetric vest system (FloRight), which measures volume changes of the respiratory system from changes in the magnetic fields induced by ...
Malmberg L Pekka - - 2011
Several techniques have been applied to measure airway responsiveness (AR) in infants, but there are limited data on lung function changes measured by body plethysmography during induced bronchoconstriction. The aim of this study was to compare changes in maximum forced expiratory flow measured at functional residual capacity (V'(maxFRC) ) by ...
Kwinta Przemko - - 2010
Chronic respiratory diseases are a common complication of preterm birth, particularly among very immature infants or those suffering from bronchopulmonary dysplasia. Major progress in the treatment of preterm newborns has changed the pattern of late respiratory complications. The major respiratory problem in infancy and early childhood is respiratory exacerbations caused ...
Hutten Gerard J - - 2010
Infants with chronic lung disease (CLD) have a capacity to maintain functional lung volume despite alterations to their lung mechanics. We hypothesize that they achieve this by altering breathing patterns and dynamic elevation of lung volume, leading to differences in the relationship between respiratory muscle activity, flow and lung volume. ...
Beeton M L - - 2011
We studied the role of ante- and post-natal infection in the development of chronic lung disease (CLD) of prematurity. 192 newborn infants (61 term and 131 pre-term of <34 weeks gestation: 88 with respiratory distress syndrome, 35 developed CLD and eight died) were recruited. 16S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) genes were ...
Pike K C KC Developmental Origins of Health and Disease Division, School of Medicine, University of Southampton, Southampton, - - 2011
There is evidence that perinatal lung development predicts childhood wheeze. However, very few studies have examined whether preschool wheeze is associated with lower premorbid lung function in early infancy, and as yet there is no information relating atopic and non-atopic preschool wheeze to early lung development. To examine the association ...
Keklikian Esteban - - 2010
There is very limited information on how the risk of persistent asthma in recurrent wheezing (RW) infants modifies their lung function early in life. The aim of this study is to compare lung function of RW infants and young children with a positive or negative asthma predictive index (API), an ...
Vergani Patrizia - - 2010
The aim of our study is to compare the three-dimensional (3D) ultrasound fetal lung volume measurements with two-dimensional (2D) ultrasound biometric parameters in predicting pulmonary hypoplasia (PH). From June 2006 to November 2008, we identified 35 fetuses at high risk for developing PH, including premature preterm rupture of membranes (17), ...
Lum Sooky - - 2010
SUMMARY RATIONALE: Reliable interpretation of pulmonary function tests relies on appropriate reference data, which remain very limited for infants. This study aimed to assess the validity of published reference equations for forced expiratory flow-volume (FEFV) data in infants when using current, commercially available equipment, and how this could impact on ...
Cattarossi Luigi - - 2010
Recent ultrasonographic studies suggest that the administration of surfactant to preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) does not affect lung water clearance. The purpose of the study was also to look at clearance of lung water in preterm rabbits receiving surfactant. Lung ultrasound was performed in 73 neonates at ...
Ni Amy A Cardiovascular Research Institute, Comprehensive Cancer Center, Department of Anatomy, University of California, San Francisco, California, - - 2010
Recent advances have documented the development of lung vasculature before and after birth, but less is known of the growth and maturation of airway vasculature. We sought to determine whether airway vasculature changes during the perinatal period and when the typical adult pattern develops. On embryonic day 16.5 mouse tracheas ...
van der Zalm Marieke M - - 2011
Rationale: Several studies have shown that the occurrence of wheezing illnesses during the first year of life is associated with lower levels of lung function shortly after birth and before any respiratory illness. It has been suggested that reduced lung function early in life predisposes infants to wheezing during viral ...
Sehgal Arvind - - 2010
Infants with preterm prolonged rupture of membranes can present with immediate onset of pulmonary insufficiency and need aggressive ventilatory support. Dry lung syndrome remains an under-recognised clinical entity and very few cases are reported in the literature, though a working definition has been previously proposed. The proposed underlying etiopathogenesis for ...
Yu Shibin - - 2010
The fibroblast growth factor, FGF8, has been shown to be essential for vertebrate cardiovascular, craniofacial, brain and limb development. Here we report that Fgf8 function is required for normal progression through the late fetal stages of lung development that culminate in alveolar formation. Budding, lobation and branching morphogenesis are unaffected ...
Tang Jen-Ruey - - 2010
To determine the separate and interactive effects of fetal inflammation and neonatal hyperoxia on the developing lung, we hypothesized that: 1) antenatal endotoxin (ETX) causes sustained abnormalities of infant lung structure; and 2) postnatal hyperoxia augments the adverse effects of antenatal ETX on infant lung growth. Escherichia coli ETX or ...
Davis Stephanie D - - 2010
The conducting of clinical trials in infants with cystic fibrosis (CF) has been hindered by lack of sensitive outcome measures. To evaluate safety, feasibility, and ability to detect abnormalities in lung function of serial pulmonary function tests (PFTs) in infants with CF. Multicenter observational study using a commercial device, rigorous ...
Ringman Uggla Andreas - - 2011
It has been suggested from several animal studies and clinical observations that congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) with pulmonary hypoplasia is accompanied by a disturbed perinatal ion transport. This could lead to respiratory distress due to slower clearance of fetal lung fluid at birth. The purpose of this study was to ...
Rao Laxmi L Department of Pediatrics, James Whitcomb Riley Hospital for Children, Herman B. Wells Center for Pediatric Research, Indiana University, Indianapolis, IN 46202-5225, - - 2010
Postnatal lung growth and development have primarily been evaluated from a very limited number of autopsied lungs, but it remains unclear whether alveolarization of the lung is complete during infancy and whether the conducting airways grow proportionately. The purpose of this study was to evaluate lung growth and development in ...
Colin Andrew A AA Division of Pediatric Pulmonology, Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami, FL 33136, USA. - - 2010
Normal lung development follows a series of orchestrated events. Premature birth interrupts normal in utero lung development, which results in significant alterations in lung function and physiology. Increasingly, there are reports documenting the broad range of complications experienced by infants aged 34 to 36 weeks' gestational age (GA). Our objective ...
Sannia Andrea - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Maternal glucocorticoid (GC) treatment is widely used to prevent lung immaturity in preterm infants. There is growing evidence that GCs may be detrimental to the Central Nervous System (CNS). We investigated whether antenatal GC administration affects CNS function in a dose-dependent manner by measuring urine concentrations of a well-established ...
Lista G - - 2010
At birth the transition by the fetal situation to neonatal life occurs. The real mechanism of lung liquid reabsorption and lung aereation at birth, in the past attributed only to the epithelial sodium channel function, has recently been linked to the first important breaths too and to the following changes ...
Ball Gareth G Institute of Clinical Sciences, Imperial College and MRC Clinical Sciences Centre, Hammersmith Hospital, London, - - 2010
Preterm birth is associated with altered white matter microstructure, defined by metrics derived from diffusion tensor imaging (DTI). Tract-based spatial statistics (TBSS) is a useful tool for investigating developing white matter using DTI, but standard TBSS protocols have limitations for neonatal studies. We describe an optimised TBSS protocol for neonatal ...
Laube Beth L - - 2010
PURPOSE: To quantify distribution of albuterol aerosol generated by a pneumatic nebulizer within the nose and lungs of a model of a 9-month-old child (SAINT) and aerosol loss to the environment, during simulated breathing at increasing tidal volumes (TVs). METHODS: (99m)technetium-labeled albuterol aerosol was generated by an IPI nebulizer with ...
Debley Jason S - - 2010
There are limited data assessing the relationship between fraction of exhaled nitric oxide and lung function or exacerbations in infants with recurrent wheezing. In a longitudinal pilot study of children less than 2 years old, we assessed whether baseline fraction of exhaled nitric oxide was associated with lung function, bronchodilator ...
Bhandari Vineet V Division of Perinatal Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, New Haven, CT 06520-8064, USA. - - 2010
Hyperoxia-induced lung injury is characterized by an influx of inflammatory cells, increased pulmonary permeability, endothelial and epithelial cell death. This review highlights the mechanistic aspects of inflammation, vascular leak and cell death. The focus will be on agents that contribute to hyperoxia-induced lung injury in developmentally appropriate animal models, and ...
Davies Philip L - - 2010
BACKGROUND: A proteolytic imbalance has been implicated in the development of "classical" chronic lung disease of prematurity (CLD). However, in "new" CLD this pattern has changed. This study examines the longitudinal relationship between neutrophil proteinases and their inhibitors in ventilated preterm infants and their relationship to microbial colonisation. METHODS: Serial ...
Sato Atsuyasu - - 2010
Premature newborns frequently require manual ventilation for resuscitation during which lung injury occurs. Although surfactant protein (SP)-D regulates pulmonary inflammation, SP-D levels are low in the preterm lung. Commercial surfactants for treatment of respiratory distress syndrome do not contain SP-D. To determine whether addition of recombinant human SP-D (rhSP-D) to ...
Balinotti Juan E - - 2010
The clinical pathology describing infants with chronic lung disease of infancy (CLDI) has been limited and obtained primarily from infants with severe lung disease, who either died or required lung biopsy. As lung tissue from clinically stable outpatients is not available, physiological measurements offer the potential to increase our understanding ...
Jiang Ze D - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To explore any differences in impaired brainstem function between preterm infants with neonatal chronic lung disease (CLD) and term infants after perinatal asphyxia. METHODS: Brainstem auditory evoked responses (BAERs) collected using maximum length sequence (MLS) technique were compared at term equivalent age between 43 CLD infants and 117 asphyxiated ...
Smith Lucia J - - 2010
The following review focuses on the normal development of the lung from conception to birth. The defined periods of lung development-Embryonic, Pseudoglandular, Canalicular, Saccular and Alveolar-will be explored in detail in relation to gestational age. Cellular differentiation, formation of the conducting airways and respiratory zone and development of the alveoli ...
Dellaca' Raffaele L - - 2010
The study of respiratory mechanics in infants requires a noninvasive accurate measurement of the lung volume changes (DeltaVL). Optoelectronic plethysmography (OEP) allows the assessment of DeltaVL through the measurement of the chest wall surface motion and it has been proved to be accurate in adults. The aim of this study ...
Narang Indra - - 2010
The incidence of live preterm birth is increasing and concomitantly the survival of preterm babies has increased over the last 30 years due to advances in neonatal care. Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is a chronic respiratory disease that develops as a consequence of perinatal and/or neonatal lung injury following preterm birth ...
Halliday Henry L HL Perinatal Room, Royal-Jubilee Maternity Service, Royal Maternity Hospital, Grosvenor Road, Belfast, Northern Ireland, UK, BT12 - - 2010
Chronic lung disease (CLD) remains a major problem in neonatal intensive care units. Persistent inflammation in the lungs is the most likely underlying pathogenesis. Corticosteroids have been used to either prevent or treat CLD because of their potent anti-inflammatory effects. To determine if postnatal corticosteroid treatment is of benefit in ...
Hodges O - - 2010
Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) is a rare disease in infancy, resulting from abnormalities of surfactant production or decreased catabolism of surfactant. The only effective treatment of the congenital form of PAP is bronchoalveolar lavage. A 4-month-old boy with severe PAP received bilateral partial lung lavage on two occasions resulting in ...
Schulzke Sven M - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether lung volume and ventilation inhomogeneity in preterm infants at 15-18 months corrected age, and the change in these outcomes from the newborn period to 15-18 months corrected age, depend on gestational age (GA) at birth and the severity of neonatal lung disease. STUDY DESIGN: Preterm (GA ...
Ruano Rodrigo - - 2009
To evaluate the potential of different lung measurements using three-dimensional ultrasonography (3D-US) to predict perinatal outcome in isolated congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). Twenty-one fetuses presenting isolated CDH were prospectively evaluated by 3D-US between January 2002 and November 2003. Observed/expected total, contralateral and ipsilateral fetal lung volume ratios (o/e-TotFLV, o/e-ContFLV and ...
Manktelow Bradley N - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To see whether there was any difference in the effect of antenatal corticosteroids on neonatal outcomes according to different gestational ages at birth. METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study in a geographically defined population (Trent region, UK). All infants admitted for neonatal care, of 23-32 weeks' gestation, born ...
Mallol J - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Common acute viral respiratory infections (colds) are the most frequent cause of exacerbations in infants with recurrent wheezing (RW). However, there is no quantitative information about the effect of colds on the lung function of infants with RW. This study was undertaken to determine the effect of common cold ...
Lanfranchi Michael - - 2010
Although bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is a common cause of interstitial lung disease in chronically intubated premature neonates, other interstitial lung disease in nonintubated infants is rare. We present a case of pulmonary interstitial glycogenosis that developed in a nonintubated, 31-week gestation infant in whom infectious etiologies had been excluded. The ...
Morris Mohy G - - 2010
With the rapid somatic growth and development in infants, simultaneous accurate measurements of lung volume and airway function are essential. Raised volume rapid thoracoabdominal compression (RTC) is widely used to generate forced expiration from an airway opening pressure of 30 cmH(2)O (V(30)). The (dynamic) functional residual capacity (FRC(dyn)) remains the ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >