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More Kiran K Princess Margaret Hospital for Children, Perth, Australia; King Edward Memorial Hospital for Women, Perth, - - 2014
To describe the presentation and progress over the first year of life of neonates with Hirschsprung disease, to describe their physical and developmental outcomes at 12 months of age, and to compare the outcomes of infants with short- vs long-segment Hirschsprung disease. A retrospective study of neonates born with Hirschsprung disease ...
Compier-de Block Laura H C G LH Centre for Child and Family Studies, Leiden University, The Netherlands; Leiden Institute for Brain and Cognition, The - - 2014
Handgrip force responses to infant signals were examined in a sample of 43 maltreating and 40 non-maltreating mothers. During a standardized handgrip paradigm, mothers were asked to squeeze a handgrip dynamometer at maximal and at half of their maximal handgrip strength while listening to infant crying and laughter sounds. Maltreating ...
Chawanpaiboon Saifon S Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Faculty of Medicine, Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, 2 Prannok, Bangkoknoi, Bangkok, Thailand, - - 2014
After successful inhibition of threatened preterm labour women are at high risk of recurrent preterm labour. Terbutaline pump maintenance therapy has been used to reduce adverse neonatal outcomes. This review replaces an earlier Cochrane review, published in 2002, which is no longer being updated by the team. To determine the ...
Fernandez Erika E Department of Pediatrics, University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center, Albuquerque, New - - 2014
Objective The objective of this study was to characterize the incidence, management, and short-term outcomes of cardiovascular insufficiency (CVI) in mechanically ventilated newborns, evaluating four separate prespecified definitions. Study Design Multicenter, prospective cohort study of infants ≥34 weeks gestational age (GA) and on mechanical ventilation during the first 72 hours. CVI was ...
Worobey John J Department of Nutritional Sciences, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, New Brunswick, - - 2014
Relative to work on nutrient intake and growth in infancy and toddlerhood, research on physical activity (PA) from birth to age 24 mo is limited. In this review, the developmental course of PA in infancy and toddlerhood is described, and the issues that surround its measurement are addressed. Of the ...
Kajantie Eero E National Institute for Health and Welfare, Diabetes Prevention Unit, Helsinki, Finland; Children's Hospital, Helsinki University Central Hospital and University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland; Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Oulu University Central Hospital and University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland. Electronic address: - - 2013
The first infants to experience modern pre- and neonatal care are now in their thirties, an age at which the incidence of cardiometabolic disease is low. However, data from cohorts born preterm prior to the introduction of modern care suggest an increased risk of type 2 diabetes. For young adult ...
Hnatiuk Jill - - 2013
Young children are at risk of not meeting physical activity recommendations. Identifying factors from the first year of life which influence toddlers' physical activity levels may help to develop targeted intervention strategies. The purpose of this study was to examine early childhood predictors of toddlers' physical activity across the domains ...
Kaneko Masatoshi - - 2013
Hyperammonemia of newborns should be treated promptly, and the outcome depends on the rapid elimination of excessive plasma ammonia. We encountered a case of transient hyperammonemia in an extremely low-birthweight infant whose plasma ammonia decreased sufficiently after continuous hemodialysis therapy. It seems that continuous hemodialysis therapy using the peripheral artery ...
Simon Klenovics K - - 2013
For decades, Slovakia has maintained a prominent place in mortality rates from cardiovascular diseases among European Union (EU-27) countries. Determination of skin autofluorescence serves as an estimate of tissue accumulation of advanced glycation end products-substances accumulating in tissues and body fluids that play a pathophysiological role in age-related diseases and ...
Minami-Hori Masako - - 2013
Although physical properties of neonatal-infantile stratum corneum (SC) change drastically after birth, precise developmental alterations of specific sites have not been fully elucidated. To determine the longitudinal alterations of neonatal-infantile SC functions and components of upper thighs and diaper-covered buttocks during the first year of life. The data were compared ...
Shin Hyun Jung - - 2013
The authors present a rare of prenatally diagnosed congenital anaplastic astrocytoma. A 9-month-old boy had three recurrences despite two surgical resections and various chemotherapeutic regimens. He underwent the 3rd gross tumor removal at 11 months of age, followed by proton therapy, and now he remains disease-free for 3 yr without ...
Hallberg Ashley - - 2013
IMPORTANCE This is the first report, to our knowledge, of a child with torticollis due to saccular dysfunction. OBSERVATION An 18-month-old infant with torticollis was referred for postural imbalance and observed rotary nystagmus. The infant had undergone physical therapy treatment of left torticollis for nearly 15 months. Cervical vestibular evoked ...
Zou Long - - 2013
Response surface methodology (RSM) was applied to investigate the effects of lecithin (0-0.4g/100ml), monoacylglycerol (0-0.4g/100ml), locust bean gum (LBG; 0-0.1g/100ml), and carrageenan (0-0.02g/100ml) on the physical and oxidative properties of structured lipid-based infant formula emulsion containing dairy proteins, lactose, vitamins, minerals and other micronutrients. Particle size, optical stability, viscosity, relative ...
Batton Beau B Department of Pediatrics, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, USA. - - 2013
To investigate the relationships among blood pressure (BP) values, antihypotensive therapies, and in-hospital outcomes to identify a BP threshold below which antihypotensive therapies may be beneficial. Prospective observational study of infants 23(0/7) to 26(6/7) weeks' gestational age. Hourly BP values and antihypotensive therapy use in the first 24 hours were ...
Bhat Pratibha - - 2013
Septicemia is a major cause of death in neonates especially in developing countries. We report a case of septicemia in a neonate due to Salmonella Paratyphi B. The baby responded well to therapy and recovered completely.
Cantoni Luigi - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To compare 2 approaches in the management of neonates at risk for group B Streptococcus early-onset sepsis: laboratory tests plus standardized physical examination and standardized physical examination alone. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, sequential study over 2 consecutive 12-month periods, carried out in the maternity hospitals of the region Friuli-Venezia Giulia ...
Silva Camila Mendes da - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the physiological effects of music therapy on hospitalized preterm newborns. METHODS: A noncontrolled clinical trial including 12 newborn infants with gestational age <36 weeks, spontaneously breathing. The preterm infants were submitted to 15-minute sessions of classical music therapy twice a day (morning and afternoon) for three consecutive ...
Niela-Vilén Hannakaisa - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: the first aim of this two-phase study was to describe and compare, between two university hospitals, the early physical contact of mothers and their preterm or sick newborn infants in the delivery room. Secondly, the staff's perceptions of factors facilitating and promoting or impeding this contact were evaluated. Thirdly, ...
Tieder Joel S - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To determine in patients who are well-appearing and without a clear etiology after an apparent life-threatening event (ALTE): (1) What historical and physical examination features suggest that a child is at risk for a future adverse event and/or serious underlying diagnosis and would, therefore, benefit from testing or hospitalization? ...
Hedrick Holly L - - 2013
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is a congenital anomaly that presents with a broad spectrum of severity that is dependent upon components of pulmonary hypoplasia and pulmonary hypertension. While advances in neonatal care have improved the overall survival of CDH in experienced centers, mortality and morbidity remain high in a subset ...
Garber June - - 2013
ABSTRACT This article presents the elements of the Oral Motor Intervention section of the Infant Care Path for Physical Therapy in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU). The types of physical therapy interventions presented in this path are evidence based as well as infant driven and family focused. In the ...
Byrne Eilish - - 2013
ABSTRACT This article presents the elements of the Intervention section of the Infant Care Path for Physical Therapy in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU). The types of physical therapy interventions presented in this path are evidence-based and the suggested timing of these interventions is primarily based on practice knowledge ...
Morais Sofia - - 2013
Neonatal lupus erythematosus is a rare, passively acquired autoimmune disease, caused by maternal autoantibodies. The most common manifestations are skin rash and congenital heart block. Cutaneous manifestations may be present at birth, but often develop within a few weeks after delivery. Congenital heart block may present as bradycardia in utero ...
van Deutekom Arend W - - 2013
Low birth weight and accelerated infant growth have been identified as independent risk factors for childhood and adult obesity and cardiovascular disease. This led to the 'Developmental Origins of Health and Disease' (DOHaD) hypothesis, stating that environmental factors during pregnancy and early postnatal life affect disease risk in later life. ...
Martinelli S - - 2013
In the past two decades exogenous surfactant administration has been a cornerstone of therapy for preterm infants and is known to be effective either given prophylactically in the delivery room or later as selective therapy to infants with estabilished respiratory distress syndrome. Its introduction in neonatal practice in the early ...
Parker Stephen - - 2013
The use of touch in yoga and in yoga therapy is often overlooked. Touch is extremely important to physical, psychological, and spiritual growth across the lifespan. It is one of the prime environmental drivers of human development (Hunter & Struve, 1998). Infants can fail to thrive and even die from ...
Abu Jawdeh E G - - 2013
A recent multinational clinical trial in preterm infants has demonstrated pulmonary and neurodevelopmental benefits from caffeine therapy. Indications for caffeine use in that study were predominantly for treatment of apnea and facilitation of extubation rather than prophylaxis. There are no recent studies that describe current practice of neonatologists and regional ...
Arzuaga B H BH Section of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Comer Children's Hospital, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, - - 2013
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is an advanced strategy utilized in many neonatal intensive care units for a specific list of indications. This case illustrates a rare but effective use of this therapy for a newborn infant with severe hypertrophic cardiomyopathy induced by maternal diabetes. Such infants who are unresponsive to ...
Lokugamage Amali A Whittington Hospital, London, - - 2013
This article discusses the physical, emotional and societal benefits of physiological birth. The motivation behind women seeking this type of birth and non-labor ward birth settings, such as homebirth, is explored as well as models of intellectual versus intuitive/embodied knowledge of personal health. The emerging field of human rights in ...
Pineda Roberta G RG Program in Occupational Therapy and Pediatrics, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri, USA. - - 2013
To determine factors associated with mothers' concern about infant development and intent to access therapy services following neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) discharge. Infant medical factors, magnetic resonance imaging results, neurobehavior at term, maternal factors, and maternal perceptions about developmental concern and intent to access therapy at NICU discharge were ...
Forbes David - - 2012
Infantile gastroesophageal reflux is challenging because of the difficulties in differentiating normal developmental physiology from disease, the imprecision of diagnostic tests and the paucity of evidence-based therapies for clinicians to implement. Careful clinical assessment is central to avoidance of inappropriate diagnosis and utilisation of ineffective or dangerous therapies, and at ...
Shamir Malka - - 2012
The effectiveness of intensive versus standard physical therapy for motor progress in children with cerebral palsy is controversial. Sitting acquisition is considered an important developmental milestone. To assess the acquisition of sitting and gross motor progress in infants with cerebral palsy treated with intermittent intensive physical therapy as compared to ...
Pomeroy Jeremy J Genetic and Molecular Epidemiology Unit, Department of Clinical Sciences, Skåne University Hospital, Lund University, Malmö, - - 2013
We sought to assess the association between maternal gestational physical activity and insulin action and body composition in early infancy. At 28-32 weeks' gestation, pregnant women participating in an observational study in Sweden underwent assessments of height, weight, and body composition, an oral glucose tolerance test, and 10 days of ...
Chotigavanichaya Chatupon - - 2012
The congenital orthopaedic anomalies in Thai population had a limited data and the previously studies are based on only hospital chart records. To determine the incidence of common congenital orthopedic problems by physical examination in newborn at Siriraj Hospital. A prospective study was conducted by physical examination of 3,396 newborns ...
Crystal Matthew A - - 2012
Infants with a large patent arterial duct (PDA) may develop signs of congestive heart failure secondary to pulmonary overcirculation. As the PVR decreases, the relative pulmonary blood flow (Qp:Qs) increases and this may cause tachypnea, respiratory distress, failure to thrive, ventricular dysfunction and even ventilator dependency. The diastolic runoff from ...
Collaco Joseph M JM Eudowood Division of Pediatric Respiratory Sciences, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21287-2533, - - 2012
Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is an increasingly recognized complication of premature birth and bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Extreme phenotypic variability exists among preterm infants of similar gestational ages, making it difficult to predict which infants are at increased risk for developing PH. Intrauterine growth ...
Pai Varadraj V - - 2012
  Phagedenic ulcer is usually associated with infections due to staphylococcus, pseudomonas, streptococcus or fusospirochete in immunocompromised individuals. We report, for the first time, two cases of phagedenic ulcers in infants caused by Klebsiella pneumonia species.
Aljahdali Akram - - 2012
Gastric hamartomata, alternatively called adenomyomata, are rare, benign lesions of the gastric wall. They can present with a wide spectrum of symptomatology. Pure pyloric adenomyomata are exceedingly rare. We are reporting a 13-day-old infant with a gastric hamartoma at the pylorus presenting with gastric outlet obstruction mimicking infantile hypertrophic pyloric ...
Zaki Syed Ahmed - - 2012
Thyroid dysfunction causes remarkable cardiovascular derangements. Both systolic and diastolic dysfunction of the heart can occur in hypothyroidism leading to cardiac arrhythmia and congestive heart failure. Refractory cardiogenic shock and hypotension in congenital hypothyroidism is rare. We describe a 5-month-old female infant with congenital hypothyroidism and refractory cardiogenic shock. Cardiac ...
Corvaglia Luigi - - 2012
Abstract Background: Gastro-oesophageal reflux (GOR) is common in preterm infants; conservative interventions (i.e. dietary changes) should represent the first-line approach. Aim: To evaluate by combined pH and impedance monitoring (pH-MII) the effect of a new preterm formula thickened with amylopectin (TPF) on GOR features in symptomatic preterm infants. Methods: Twenty-eight ...
Shin Myung Seok - - 2012
Abstract Objective: To investigate the usefulness of Multichannel intraluminal impedance-pH (MII-pH) monitoring as compared with conventional pH monitoring for detecting Gastroesophageal reflux (GER) episodes and apnea-related symptom association in preterm infants and neonates. Methods: Twenty-three infants (16 preterm and 7 term infants) in hospital, who underwent 24-hour MII-pH monitoring, were ...
Fike Frankie B - - 2012
Abstract Introduction: Gastroesophageal reflux is a common clinical problem in infants, but identifying which infants may benefit from a fundoplication remains a conundrum. Esophageal pH and multichannel intraluminal impedance (MII) measurements are useful diagnostic tools in adults and older children, but their diagnostic efficacy in infants is unclear. Therefore, we ...
Chahed Jamila - - 2012
An infant with congenital pancreatic cyst with Ivemark II syndrome is reported because it is a rare association. The infant had associated situs inversus, asplenia, and complex congenital heart disease. The pancreatic cyst was successfully managed by cystoduodenostomy because of connection to the biliary tract. The infant succumbed as a ...
Loots C M - - 2012
GER is the passage of gastric contents into the esophagus and is referred to as GER disease (GERD) when GER causes troublesome symptoms and/or complications. GERD in infants and children is sometimes difficult to diagnose and even more difficult to treat. The diagnosis of GERD is hampered by the fact ...
Baillargeon Renée - - 2012
Much of the research on object individuation in infancy has used a task in which two different objects emerge in alternation from behind a large screen, which is then removed to reveal either one or two objects. In their seminal work, Xu and Carey (1996) found that it is typically ...
Vasiljevic Brankica - - 2011
Background:  Pathogenesis of perinatal hypoxic-ischemic brain injury (HIE) is complex. In this study, we examined the role of neuroinflammation, oxidative stress and growth factors in perinatal hypoxic-ischemic brain damage. Methods:  Ninety neonates (>32 weeks' gestation) with perinatal HIE were enrolled prospectively. Perinatal HIE was categorized into three stages according to ...
Hård Anna-Lena - - 2011
In contrast to the adult, the third-trimester foetus experiences one of the most intense periods of growth and maturation of its lifetime. Early development is characterized by the existence of critical periods when environmental factors effectively produce long-lasting changes. Proliferative retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a potentially blinding disease characterized ...
Dicorcia Jennifer A - - 2011
Resilience is often associated with extreme trauma or overcoming extraordinary odds. This way of thinking about resilience leaves most of the ontogenetic picture a mystery. In the following review we put forth the Everyday Stress Resilience Hypothesis where resilience is analyzed from a systems perspective and seen as a process ...
Hyde Daniel C - - 2011
Behavioral research suggests two cognitive systems are at the foundations of numerical thinking: one for representing 1-3 objects in parallel and one for representing and comparing large, approximate numerical magnitudes. We tested for dissociable neural signatures of these systems in preverbal infants, by recording event-related potentials (ERPs) as 6-7.5 month-old ...
Vinekar Anand - - 2011
We report a case of fungal retinal vasculitis in a 32 week gestational age, 1200 g premature infant detected during routine screening for retinopathy of prematurity at 78 days of age. The patient subsequently developed sepsis with perinephric abscess but responded rapidly to systemic therapy. Fortuitous detection of retinal vasculitis ...
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