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Brookes Alastair A Heart of England NHS Foundation Trust, Bordesley Green East, Birmingham B9 5SS, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
Tongue tie or ankyloglossia is a congenital variation characterised by a short lingual frenulum which may result in restriction of tongue movement and thus impact on function. Tongue tie division (frenotomy) in affected infants with breastfeeding problems yields objective improvements in milk production and breastfeeding characteristics, including objective scoring measures, ...
Merino-Bohórquez V V Servicio de Farmacia, Hospital Universitario Virgen Macarena , Sevilla , Spain - - 2014
Abstract Infant hemangioma (IH) is the most common tumor in infants, which affects 5-10% of white children. It is a tumor of vascular origin that appears in the first months of life. The indication for the treatment of the IH is not approved in the datasheet of the product, however ...
Toriyama Mihiro M Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatal Medicine, Center for Maternal, Fetal and Neonatal Medicine, Saitama Medical Center, Saitama Medical University, Kawagoe, Saitam, Japan; Department of Neonatal Medicine, Center for Maternal, Fetal and Neonatal Medicine, Ehime Prefectural Center Hospital, - - 2014
Several reports have shown the beneficial effects of early or prophylactic surfactant therapy for preterm infants, who often develop respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). However, no report has addressed which infants should receive surfactant therapy in the delivery room. Therefore, this study was performed to assess the validity of identifying infants ...
Denison Stephanie - - 2014
A rich tradition in developmental psychology explores physical reasoning in infancy. However, no research to date has investigated whether infants can reason about physical objects that behave probabilistically, rather than deterministically. Physical events are often quite variable, in that similar-looking objects can be placed in similar contexts with different outcomes. ...
Tully Hannah M HM Department of Neurology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA; Center for Integrative Brain Research, Seattle Children's Research Institute, Seattle, WA, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Hydrocephalus is a common but complex condition caused by physical or functional obstruction of CSF flow that leads to progressive ventricular dilatation. Though hydrocephalus was recently estimated to affect 1.1 in 1,000 infants, there have been few systematic assessments of the causes of hydrocephalus in this age group, which makes ...
Lorber Michael F - - 2014
We evaluated the extent to which the externalizing behavior construct is self-organizing in the first 2 years of life. Based on dynamic systems theory, we hypothesized that changes in physical aggression, defiance, activity level, and distress to limitations would each be predicted by earlier manifestations of one another. These hypotheses ...
Ronco Claudio C Department of Nephrology, Dialysis, and Transplantation, International Renal Research Institute, San Bortolo Hospital, Vicenza, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Peritoneal dialysis is the renal replacement therapy of choice for acute kidney injury in neonates, but in some cases is not feasible or effective. Continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) machines are used off label in infants smaller than 15 kg and are not designed specifically for small infants. We aimed ...
van Wijk Renske M RM R.M. van Wijk, MSc, Department Health Technology and Services Research, Institute for Innovation and Governance Studies, University of Twente, PO Box 217 Enschede 7500AE, the - - 2014
BackgroundPediatric physical therapy (PPT) seems to reduce skull deformation in infants with positional preference. However, not all infants show improvement.ObjectiveThe purpose of this study was to determine which infant and parent characteristics were related to response to PPT in 2-4 month-old infants with positional preference and/or skull deformation.DesignA prospective cohort ...
Dingley John J College of Medicine, Swansea University, Swansea, United - - 2014
Therapeutic hypothermia has become standard of care in newborns with moderate and severe neonatal encephalopathy; however, additional interventions are needed. In experimental models, breathing xenon gas during cooling offers long-term additive neuroprotection. This is the first xenon feasibility study in cooled infants. Xenon is expensive, requiring a closed-circuit delivery system. ...
Schulzke Sven M SM Department of Neonatology, University of Basel Children's Hospital (UKBB), Spitalstrasse 21, Basel, Switzerland, - - 2014
Lack of physical stimulation may contribute to metabolic bone disease of preterm infants, resulting in poor bone mineralization and growth. Physical activity programs combined with adequate nutrition might help to promote bone mineralization and growth. The primary objective was to assess whether physical activity programs in preterm infants improve bone ...
Duh Shinchieh S University of California, Santa Cruz, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
When watching physical events, infants bring to bear prior knowledge about objects and readily detect changes that contradict physical rules. Here we investigate the possibility that scene gist may affect infants, as it affects adults, when detecting changes in everyday scenes. In Experiment 1, 15-month-old infants missed a perceptually salient ...
Sekarski Nicole N Cardiology Division, Pediatrics Department, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois and University of Lausanne, Route du Bugnon 46, Bureau BH11/632, 1011, Lausanne, - - 2014
Cardiac arrhythmias are very frequent in fetuses and newborns. The prognosis depends on the nature of the arrhythmias but is most often either spontaneously benign or following short-term medication administration. A correct diagnosis is essential for both management and prognosis. It is based on echocardiography during the fetal period and ...
More Kiran K Princess Margaret Hospital for Children, Perth, Australia; King Edward Memorial Hospital for Women, Perth, - - 2014
To describe the presentation and progress over the first year of life of neonates with Hirschsprung disease, to describe their physical and developmental outcomes at 12 months of age, and to compare the outcomes of infants with short- vs long-segment Hirschsprung disease. A retrospective study of neonates born with Hirschsprung disease ...
Compier-de Block Laura H C G LH Centre for Child and Family Studies, Leiden University, The Netherlands; Leiden Institute for Brain and Cognition, The - - 2014
Handgrip force responses to infant signals were examined in a sample of 43 maltreating and 40 non-maltreating mothers. During a standardized handgrip paradigm, mothers were asked to squeeze a handgrip dynamometer at maximal and at half of their maximal handgrip strength while listening to infant crying and laughter sounds. Maltreating ...
Chawanpaiboon Saifon S Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Faculty of Medicine, Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, 2 Prannok, Bangkoknoi, Bangkok, Thailand, - - 2014
After successful inhibition of threatened preterm labour women are at high risk of recurrent preterm labour. Terbutaline pump maintenance therapy has been used to reduce adverse neonatal outcomes. This review replaces an earlier Cochrane review, published in 2002, which is no longer being updated by the team. To determine the ...
Kınış Vefa V Department of Otorhinolaryngology Dicle University Faculty of Medicine, Diyarbakır, - - 2014
Oral heterotopic gastrointestinal cyst is rarely seen in the oral cavity. The tongue and floor of the mouth are the most commonly affected sites. These cysts may cause feeding and respiration problems, especially in newborns and infants. A benign mass was considered according to the physical examination and ultrasonography findings. ...
Fernandez Erika E Department of Pediatrics, University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center, Albuquerque, New - - 2014
Objective The objective of this study was to characterize the incidence, management, and short-term outcomes of cardiovascular insufficiency (CVI) in mechanically ventilated newborns, evaluating four separate prespecified definitions. Study Design Multicenter, prospective cohort study of infants ≥34 weeks gestational age (GA) and on mechanical ventilation during the first 72 hours. CVI was ...
Worobey John J Department of Nutritional Sciences, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, New Brunswick, - - 2014
Relative to work on nutrient intake and growth in infancy and toddlerhood, research on physical activity (PA) from birth to age 24 mo is limited. In this review, the developmental course of PA in infancy and toddlerhood is described, and the issues that surround its measurement are addressed. Of the ...
Salomonsson Björn B Björn Salomonsson, M.D., Ph.D., Psychoanalyst, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Karolinska Institutet, - - 2014
Abstract The theory of psychoanalysis has always relied on speculations about the infant's mind, but its clinical practice was slow in taking an interest in babies and their parents. The therapy methods that nevertheless have evolved during the last 50 years differ in their emphasis on support or insight, which ...
Kajantie Eero E National Institute for Health and Welfare, Diabetes Prevention Unit, Helsinki, Finland; Children's Hospital, Helsinki University Central Hospital and University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland; Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Oulu University Central Hospital and University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland. Electronic address: - - 2013
The first infants to experience modern pre- and neonatal care are now in their thirties, an age at which the incidence of cardiometabolic disease is low. However, data from cohorts born preterm prior to the introduction of modern care suggest an increased risk of type 2 diabetes. For young adult ...
Hnatiuk Jill - - 2013
Young children are at risk of not meeting physical activity recommendations. Identifying factors from the first year of life which influence toddlers' physical activity levels may help to develop targeted intervention strategies. The purpose of this study was to examine early childhood predictors of toddlers' physical activity across the domains ...
Kaneko Masatoshi - - 2013
Hyperammonemia of newborns should be treated promptly, and the outcome depends on the rapid elimination of excessive plasma ammonia. We encountered a case of transient hyperammonemia in an extremely low-birthweight infant whose plasma ammonia decreased sufficiently after continuous hemodialysis therapy. It seems that continuous hemodialysis therapy using the peripheral artery ...
Simon Klenovics K - - 2013
For decades, Slovakia has maintained a prominent place in mortality rates from cardiovascular diseases among European Union (EU-27) countries. Determination of skin autofluorescence serves as an estimate of tissue accumulation of advanced glycation end products-substances accumulating in tissues and body fluids that play a pathophysiological role in age-related diseases and ...
Minami-Hori Masako - - 2013
Although physical properties of neonatal-infantile stratum corneum (SC) change drastically after birth, precise developmental alterations of specific sites have not been fully elucidated. To determine the longitudinal alterations of neonatal-infantile SC functions and components of upper thighs and diaper-covered buttocks during the first year of life. The data were compared ...
Shin Hyun Jung - - 2013
The authors present a rare of prenatally diagnosed congenital anaplastic astrocytoma. A 9-month-old boy had three recurrences despite two surgical resections and various chemotherapeutic regimens. He underwent the 3rd gross tumor removal at 11 months of age, followed by proton therapy, and now he remains disease-free for 3 yr without ...
Hallberg Ashley - - 2013
IMPORTANCE This is the first report, to our knowledge, of a child with torticollis due to saccular dysfunction. OBSERVATION An 18-month-old infant with torticollis was referred for postural imbalance and observed rotary nystagmus. The infant had undergone physical therapy treatment of left torticollis for nearly 15 months. Cervical vestibular evoked ...
Zou Long - - 2013
Response surface methodology (RSM) was applied to investigate the effects of lecithin (0-0.4g/100ml), monoacylglycerol (0-0.4g/100ml), locust bean gum (LBG; 0-0.1g/100ml), and carrageenan (0-0.02g/100ml) on the physical and oxidative properties of structured lipid-based infant formula emulsion containing dairy proteins, lactose, vitamins, minerals and other micronutrients. Particle size, optical stability, viscosity, relative ...
Batton Beau B Department of Pediatrics, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, USA. - - 2013
To investigate the relationships among blood pressure (BP) values, antihypotensive therapies, and in-hospital outcomes to identify a BP threshold below which antihypotensive therapies may be beneficial. Prospective observational study of infants 23(0/7) to 26(6/7) weeks' gestational age. Hourly BP values and antihypotensive therapy use in the first 24 hours were ...
Bhat Pratibha - - 2013
Septicemia is a major cause of death in neonates especially in developing countries. We report a case of septicemia in a neonate due to Salmonella Paratyphi B. The baby responded well to therapy and recovered completely.
Cantoni Luigi - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To compare 2 approaches in the management of neonates at risk for group B Streptococcus early-onset sepsis: laboratory tests plus standardized physical examination and standardized physical examination alone. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, sequential study over 2 consecutive 12-month periods, carried out in the maternity hospitals of the region Friuli-Venezia Giulia ...
Silva Camila Mendes da - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the physiological effects of music therapy on hospitalized preterm newborns. METHODS: A noncontrolled clinical trial including 12 newborn infants with gestational age <36 weeks, spontaneously breathing. The preterm infants were submitted to 15-minute sessions of classical music therapy twice a day (morning and afternoon) for three consecutive ...
Niela-Vilén Hannakaisa - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: the first aim of this two-phase study was to describe and compare, between two university hospitals, the early physical contact of mothers and their preterm or sick newborn infants in the delivery room. Secondly, the staff's perceptions of factors facilitating and promoting or impeding this contact were evaluated. Thirdly, ...
Tieder Joel S - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To determine in patients who are well-appearing and without a clear etiology after an apparent life-threatening event (ALTE): (1) What historical and physical examination features suggest that a child is at risk for a future adverse event and/or serious underlying diagnosis and would, therefore, benefit from testing or hospitalization? ...
Hedrick Holly L - - 2013
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is a congenital anomaly that presents with a broad spectrum of severity that is dependent upon components of pulmonary hypoplasia and pulmonary hypertension. While advances in neonatal care have improved the overall survival of CDH in experienced centers, mortality and morbidity remain high in a subset ...
Garber June - - 2013
ABSTRACT This article presents the elements of the Oral Motor Intervention section of the Infant Care Path for Physical Therapy in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU). The types of physical therapy interventions presented in this path are evidence based as well as infant driven and family focused. In the ...
Byrne Eilish - - 2013
ABSTRACT This article presents the elements of the Intervention section of the Infant Care Path for Physical Therapy in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU). The types of physical therapy interventions presented in this path are evidence-based and the suggested timing of these interventions is primarily based on practice knowledge ...
Morais Sofia - - 2013
Neonatal lupus erythematosus is a rare, passively acquired autoimmune disease, caused by maternal autoantibodies. The most common manifestations are skin rash and congenital heart block. Cutaneous manifestations may be present at birth, but often develop within a few weeks after delivery. Congenital heart block may present as bradycardia in utero ...
van Deutekom Arend W - - 2013
Low birth weight and accelerated infant growth have been identified as independent risk factors for childhood and adult obesity and cardiovascular disease. This led to the 'Developmental Origins of Health and Disease' (DOHaD) hypothesis, stating that environmental factors during pregnancy and early postnatal life affect disease risk in later life. ...
Martinelli S - - 2013
In the past two decades exogenous surfactant administration has been a cornerstone of therapy for preterm infants and is known to be effective either given prophylactically in the delivery room or later as selective therapy to infants with estabilished respiratory distress syndrome. Its introduction in neonatal practice in the early ...
Parker Stephen - - 2013
The use of touch in yoga and in yoga therapy is often overlooked. Touch is extremely important to physical, psychological, and spiritual growth across the lifespan. It is one of the prime environmental drivers of human development (Hunter & Struve, 1998). Infants can fail to thrive and even die from ...
Abu Jawdeh E G - - 2013
A recent multinational clinical trial in preterm infants has demonstrated pulmonary and neurodevelopmental benefits from caffeine therapy. Indications for caffeine use in that study were predominantly for treatment of apnea and facilitation of extubation rather than prophylaxis. There are no recent studies that describe current practice of neonatologists and regional ...
Arzuaga B H BH Section of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Comer Children's Hospital, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, - - 2013
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is an advanced strategy utilized in many neonatal intensive care units for a specific list of indications. This case illustrates a rare but effective use of this therapy for a newborn infant with severe hypertrophic cardiomyopathy induced by maternal diabetes. Such infants who are unresponsive to ...
Lokugamage Amali A Whittington Hospital, London, - - 2013
This article discusses the physical, emotional and societal benefits of physiological birth. The motivation behind women seeking this type of birth and non-labor ward birth settings, such as homebirth, is explored as well as models of intellectual versus intuitive/embodied knowledge of personal health. The emerging field of human rights in ...
Pineda Roberta G RG Program in Occupational Therapy and Pediatrics, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri, USA. - - 2013
To determine factors associated with mothers' concern about infant development and intent to access therapy services following neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) discharge. Infant medical factors, magnetic resonance imaging results, neurobehavior at term, maternal factors, and maternal perceptions about developmental concern and intent to access therapy at NICU discharge were ...
Forbes David - - 2012
Infantile gastroesophageal reflux is challenging because of the difficulties in differentiating normal developmental physiology from disease, the imprecision of diagnostic tests and the paucity of evidence-based therapies for clinicians to implement. Careful clinical assessment is central to avoidance of inappropriate diagnosis and utilisation of ineffective or dangerous therapies, and at ...
Shamir Malka - - 2012
The effectiveness of intensive versus standard physical therapy for motor progress in children with cerebral palsy is controversial. Sitting acquisition is considered an important developmental milestone. To assess the acquisition of sitting and gross motor progress in infants with cerebral palsy treated with intermittent intensive physical therapy as compared to ...
Pomeroy Jeremy J Genetic and Molecular Epidemiology Unit, Department of Clinical Sciences, Skåne University Hospital, Lund University, Malmö, - - 2013
We sought to assess the association between maternal gestational physical activity and insulin action and body composition in early infancy. At 28-32 weeks' gestation, pregnant women participating in an observational study in Sweden underwent assessments of height, weight, and body composition, an oral glucose tolerance test, and 10 days of ...
Chotigavanichaya Chatupon - - 2012
The congenital orthopaedic anomalies in Thai population had a limited data and the previously studies are based on only hospital chart records. To determine the incidence of common congenital orthopedic problems by physical examination in newborn at Siriraj Hospital. A prospective study was conducted by physical examination of 3,396 newborns ...
Crystal Matthew A - - 2012
Infants with a large patent arterial duct (PDA) may develop signs of congestive heart failure secondary to pulmonary overcirculation. As the PVR decreases, the relative pulmonary blood flow (Qp:Qs) increases and this may cause tachypnea, respiratory distress, failure to thrive, ventricular dysfunction and even ventilator dependency. The diastolic runoff from ...
Collaco Joseph M JM Eudowood Division of Pediatric Respiratory Sciences, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21287-2533, - - 2012
Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is an increasingly recognized complication of premature birth and bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Extreme phenotypic variability exists among preterm infants of similar gestational ages, making it difficult to predict which infants are at increased risk for developing PH. Intrauterine growth ...
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