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Callec Ronan R Obstetrics and Fetal-Medicine Unit, Centre, Pole de la Femme, Hospitalier Universitaire, Nancy, Lorraine, France; Université de Lorraine, Nancy, Lorraine, France; - - 2014
To evaluate the performance of third trimester ultrasound scanning (30-35WG) in screening for SGA and to determine the impact of screening on obstetric and neonatal outcomes. Between 2003 and 2006, in a prospective, multicentric cohort study, pregnant women were recruited in two French university maternities. Performances measures for the prediction ...
Saucedo Monica M Inserm UMR 1153, Obstetrical, Perinatal and Pediatric Epidemiology Research Team (Epopé), Center for Epidemiology and Statistics Sorbonne Paris Cité, DHU Risks in Pregnancy, Paris Descartes University, Paris, - - 2014
The lessons learned from the study of maternal deaths depend on the accuracy of data. Our objective was to assess time trends in the underestimation of maternal mortality (MM) in the national routine death statistics in France and to evaluate their current accuracy for the selection and causes of maternal ...
Konstantelos Dimitrios - - 2014
Whereas good data are available on the resuscitation of infants, little is known regarding support of postnatal transition in low-risk term infants after c-section. The present study was performed to describe current delivery room (DR) management of term infants born by c-section in our institution by analyzing videos that were ...
Mercer Brian M - - 2013
The optimal mode of delivery when periviable birth is anticipated has been the subject of considerable discussion. Potentially, cesarean delivery could avert intrapartum fetal trauma and asphyxia and allow timed delivery to assure readiness of neonatal intensive care resources. However, cesarean delivery in the early preterm period commonly necessitates a ...
Spijkers-Hagelstein J A P - - 2012
MLL-rearranged acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in infants is characterized by a poor clinical outcome and resistance to glucocorticoids (for example, prednisone and dexamethasone). As both the response to prednisolone in vitro and prednisone in vivo are predictive for clinical outcome, understanding and overcoming glucocorticoid resistance remains an essential step towards ...
Guinovart R M - - 2011
Neonatal lupus erythematosus (NLE) is an uncommon condition usually associated with maternal anti-Ro autoantibodies. The cutaneous lesions of NLE are usually transient, disappearing about six months after birth, but telangiectasia is a rare complication of NLE which persists. Telangiectasias are small focal red macules and papules created by abnormally prominent ...
Hogeveen Marije - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Growth retardation in utero leading to small-for-gestational-age (SGA) newborns is associated with increased neonatal morbidity and mortality and with lifelong consequences such as poor cognitive function and cardiovascular diseases. Maternal total homocysteine (tHcy) concentrations have been linked to a wide range of adverse pregnancy outcomes and could possibly influence ...
Qiu Xiangming - - 2011
To compare the effect of small for gestational age (SGA) on mortality, major morbidity and resource utilization among singleton very preterm infants (<33 weeks gestation) admitted to neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) across Canada. Infants admitted to participating NICUs from 2003 to 2008 were divided into SGA (defined as birth ...
Hyman Sharon J - - 2011
Endocrine disorders are common in infants in the neonatal ICU. They often are associated with prematurity, low birth weight or very low birth weight, and small size for gestational age. They also frequently occur in infants who are critically ill or stressed. This article describes the most common conditions and ...
Tritou Ioanna - - 2011
We present a case of sonographically detected transient gas in the portal vein in a 4.5-month-old infant who had a history of two consecutive jejunectomies due to jejunal stenoses and was admitted to our hospital with clinical and laboratory findings consistent with a subacute small bowel obstruction and dehydration. Sonography ...
Pearson Freya - - 2011
High osmolality of infant feed reflects a high concentration of solute particles and has been implicated as a cause of necrotising enterocolitis. Evidence for direct intestinal mucosal injury as a result of hyperosmolar feeds is scant, and no good evidence has been found to support such an association. High osmolality ...
Zhang Yiyi - - 2011
The objective of this study was to determine whether the outcomes of infants with surgically managed necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) differ according to whether the location of NEC is in the small bowel, large bowel, or both. A retrospective analysis was performed using the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project Nationwide Inpatient ...
Browne Lorna P - - 2011
Abdominal cocoon is a rare disorder that may pose a diagnostic conundrum in patients presenting with intermittent symptoms of small bowel obstruction. We describe the imaging findings of a unique case of abdominal cocoon that presented in infancy.
Bucher Brian T BT Division of Pediatric Surgery, Department of Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO 63110, USA. - - 2011
The objective of our study was to quantify mucosal bacterial DNA within specimens from neonates undergoing small bowel resection for necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). We obtained clinical information and pathologic specimens from all infants diagnosed with NEC who underwent surgical treatment at our institution from 1999 to 2008. Bacterial and human ...
McDuffie Lucas A LA Division of Pediatric Surgery, Department of Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO 63110, - - 2011
In animal models, the small intestine responds to massive small bowel resection (SBR) through a compensatory process termed adaptation, characterized by increases in both villus height and crypt depth. This study seeks to determine whether similar morphologic alterations occur in humans after SBR. Clinical data and pathologic specimens of infants ...
Lo Adeline - - 2011
The ultrasonographic (US) appearance of a syringocoele of the bulbourethral (Cowper) duct, with correlative urethrocystoscopic images, is demonstrated. An infant boy, 5 weeks of age, who presented with E. coli infection of the urinary tract also had bilateral hydroureteronephrosis, small bilateral simple ureterocoeles, and posterior urethral valve leaflets.
Rosychuk Rhonda J - - 2011
OBJECTIVES:: Bronchiolitis is the most common lower respiratory tract disease among infants and results in 35 admissions per 1000 infants in Canada. We describe the epidemiology of bronchiolitis presentations to emergency departments (EDs) made by infants (aged ≤2 years) in Alberta, Canada. METHODS:: Provincial administrative databases were used to obtain ...
De Pellegrin Maurizio - - 2010
Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is a disease of multifactorial etiology. Genetic and intrauterine mechanical factors influence the development of the hip joint and the incidence of DDH. Breech position is a risk factor for DDH. The aim of this study is to analyze whether in twins, the intrauterine ...
Sun Cong - - 2010
To examine the relationship of birth weight with ocular measures in a Caucasian twin population. Cross-sectional study of 1498 twins (308 monozygotic and 441 dizygotic pairs) aged between 5 to 80 years participating in the Australian Twins Eye Study. All participants underwent ophthalmic examination including bilateral cycloplegic autorefraction, keratometry, interpupillary ...
Hossein-Zadeh N G - - 2010
Calving records of Iranian Holsteins from April 1998 to September 2006 comprising 16 herds with 104,572 calving events representing 4045 twin births were used to evaluate reported open days, calving difficulties and calf birth weight in single- and twin-births and the relationship exists between twinning and milk production. A logistic ...
van der Meulen J - - 2010
Worldwide infectious diarrhoea, mainly caused by rotavirus and enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC), accounts for a large part of deaths in children. ETEC is also the main cause of traveller's diarrhoea. Probiotics are promising for prevention and treatment of diarrhoea, but there is insufficient evidence to support the use of any ...
Buckler J M H JM Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK. - - 2011
Few studies have compared the growth of a twin with its co-twin and particularly in relation to birth weight discordance. The study investigated how the degree of birth weight discordance affected subsequent growth. Birth weight discordance of 762 twin pairs was determined. Subsequent weight, height and occipital-frontal head circumference (OFC) ...
Prematta Tracy R - - 2010
We present a case of twin Hispanic male infants fed with cow's milk formula who presented at 3 weeks of life with nonbilious, nonbloody vomiting and diarrhea. Laboratory evaluation revealed leukocytosis, acidosis, and methemoglobinemia. Sepsis evaluation was negative. Although they recovered quickly with i.v. fluids, symptoms recurred again with ingestion ...
Simoes Teresinha - - 2011
We assessed the accuracy of predicting severe twin birth weight discordance (>25%) using the estimated fetal weights (EFW) and abdominal circumference (AC) ratio. A cohort of twin gestations underwent ultrasound examinations within two weeks from birth. We focused on the accuracy of EFW and on the diagnosis of severe birth ...
Edmonds Caroline J CJ Medical Research Council, Childhood Nutrition Research Centre, Institute of Child Health, University College London, London, United Kingdom. - - 2010
Given the adverse neurobiological effects of suboptimal nutrition on the developing brain, it is of social and medical importance to determine if the global prevalence of poor intrauterine growth causes lasting cognitive deficits. We examined whether suboptimal intrauterine growth relates to impaired cognitive outcome by comparing birth weight and cognition ...
Burton Aiyanna - - 2010
To evaluate the extent to which ischaemic placental disease (IPD)--defined as women or newborns diagnosed with pre-eclampsia, small for gestational age (SGA), or abruption, is associated with preterm birth in twin gestations. A population-based study of women who delivered twin live births and stillbirths at 20-44 weeks gestation from 1995-2004 ...
Griesmaier E - - 2010
Twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome and conital cytomegalovirus infection bear the risk of brain damage. In the 27th week of gestation of a twin pregnancy a Caesarean section was performed because of pathological cardiotocogram and Doppler ultrasonography of the second twin (recipient). Both infants presented with severe, persistent thrombocytopenia, elevated liver enzymes ...
Chauhan Suneet P - - 2010
The rate of twin pregnancies in the United States has stabilized at 32 per 1000 births in 2006. Aside from determining chorionicity, first-trimester screening and second-trimester ultrasound scanning should ascertain whether there are structural or chromosomal abnormalities. Compared with singleton births, genetic amniocentesis-related loss at <24 weeks of gestation for ...
Reberdao Maria Augusta - - 2010
to assess the accuracy of paired estimated fetal weights (EFWs) to predict three levels of twin birth weight discordance (>15%, >20% and >25%). a cohort of twin pairs underwent ultrasound examinations within 2 weeks from birth. We calculated the frequency of under- and overestimation of the actual birth weight (< ...
Henderson Paul - - 2011
Early neonatal biochemical values are generally considered to reflect maternal values. However, studies have been inconclusive due to the statistical methods used. We hypothesized that there would not be important differences in plasma biochemistry between newborn twins, suggesting a common mechanism of control, and that differences between unrelated infant pairs ...
Bugge Merete - - 2010
Seven pairs of twins, two monozygotic (MZ), two dizygotic (DZ), and three like-sex pairs of unknown zygosity are described. The twin pairs were all discordant for omphalocele except for one pair of conjoined twins. The 8 infants with omphalocele represent 3.1% of the 253 infants with omphalocele, ascertained in an ...
Ingram Cooke Richard William - - 2010
The mortality and morbidity of twins may differ from that in singletons because of the greater incidence of intrauterine growth restriction, higher rates of prematurity, zygosity and even from the presence of a same age sibling during childhood. Early outcomes appear poorer for twins, but any differences are lost when ...
Moll M - - 2011
Two extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants developed characteristic signs of kernicterus at 4 and 8 months corrected age despite only moderate neonatal hyperbilirubinemia (peak serum bilirubin <10 g/dl) and phototherapy being applied according to current guidelines. Both girls were from twin pregnancies and had fetal complications (donor in a ...
Gallini Francesca - - 2011
The term "external hydrocephalus (EH)" is used to describe excessively rapid head growth in infants who are found to have enlarged subarachnoid spaces and little or no ventricular enlargement. EH has not yet been described in discordant birth weight twins. We report the cases of two sets of discordant twins ...
Hutchison B Lynne BL Department of Paediatrics, Child and Youth Health, The University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland 1142, New Zealand. - - 2010
Sudden unexplained and unexpected death in twins has not been well studied, particularly in relation to the common practice of sleeping twin infants together in the same cot (cobedding). Postal surveys of 109 mothers of twins were undertaken when the infants were 6 weeks, 4 months, and 8 months of ...
Schlapbach Luregn Jan - - 2010
Thrombotic events are being increasingly recognized during the neonatal period. An infant girl was born at 29 weeks' gestation after a pregnancy complicated by twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome. After an initial uncomplicated clinical course, her oxygen requirement increased, which was interpreted as an early sign of bronchopulmonary dysplasia. At 3 weeks ...
Potter Polyxeni - - 2010
Lone survivor of seven sets of twins born to his mother, he started life as a legend among the Yoruba in Nigeria, who have one of the highest rates of twin births and infant deaths in the world. According to family lore, he was the spirit that kept trying to ...
Basso Olga - - 2010
Deaths among preterm births are presumably due to both immaturity and the conditions that cause preterm birth. Their relative contributions are unknown. Using US birth certificates (1995-2002), we estimated what portion of preterm neonatal mortality may be attributable to immaturity alone. Twins have elevated mortality, yet they usually have lower ...
Mazher Syeda Batool - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of twin birth weight discordance and compare the maternal characteristics and neonatal outcome in discordant and concordant twin gestations. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional comparative study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: MCH Centre, Unit-II, Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences, Islamabad, from January 2005 to December 2007. METHODOLOGY: ...
Giapros Vasileios - - 2010
Low birth weight (LBW) is associated with adult-onset diseases, including hypertension and renal disease; altered renal development after intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) may underlie related prenatal programming. No data are available on longitudinal renal growth in twin infants born small for gestational age (SGA). The aim of this prospective longitudinal ...
Mankuta David - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether twin birth weight differences relate to subsequent differences in conduct problems at 3 to 4 years of age. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study using mothers' reports on twins' behavior, birth weight, and zygosity. A partial sample participated in laboratory visits. SETTING: Jerusalem, Israel. PARTICIPANTS: All ethnic Jewish ...
Azad Rajvardhan - - 2010
BACKGROUND: In twin births, both babies have the same gestational age and pre-natal conditions. However, twins may develop a varied retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) course depending on birth weight and other systemic factors. OBJECTIVE: To study the profile of asymmetric ROP in twins DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Tertiary ROP referral ...
Hartley Rebecca S - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To examine trends in twin gestational age over time, with adjustment for potential confounding factors, and to assess twin pair mortality and respiratory support over time. METHODS: Rates of preterm births, respiratory support, and neonatal mortality were calculated for 21,569 twin pairs born from 1980 to 2005 in Washington ...
Lopriore Enrico - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate neonatal outcome of monochorionic twin pregnancies complicated by twin anemia-polycythemia sequence (TAPS). STUDY DESIGN: A cohort of consecutive monochorionic twins with TAPS with double survivors was included in the study. Each twin pair with TAPS was compared with 2 monochorionic twin ...
Kamal Arshad - - 2010
Small gut atresia is a common neonatal surgical problem. Early diagnosis and timely management of the neonate can reduce mortality and morbidity in these patients. The aim of this study was to note the causes of mortality and morbidity in these neonates. This was a prospective study conducted at Lady ...
Lam Christa - - 2010
PURPOSE: This study examined a mother's speech style and interactive behaviors with her twin sons: 1 with bilateral hearing impairment (HI) and the other with normal hearing (NH). METHOD: The mother was video-recorded interacting with her twin sons when the boys were 12.5 and 22 months of age. Mean F0, ...
Taubman-Ben-Ari Orit - - 2010
In a longitudinal study conducted in Israel, the authors compared mothers of preterm twins (n=64) with mothers of full-term single babies (n=75) and twins (n=72). The authors examined the contributions of internal resources (mother's attachment style, mental health, sociodemographic characteristics), external resources (perceived maternal grandmother's support, mother's marital adaptation), and ...
Kirkby Sharon - - 2010
We examined if very low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants of multiple gestation pregnancies experience more complications and take longer to achieve clinical milestones compared with similar singletons. We performed a retrospective analysis of all infants less than 1500 g at birth in a large neonatal database. Singletons were compared with twins and ...
Papiernik Emile E Université Paris V Réné Descartes et Maternité de Port-Royal, Assistance-Publique Hôpitaux de Paris, Paris, - - 2010
About 10% of twins are born before 32 weeks of gestation and very preterm birth rates are increasing. Preterm twins tend to have more favourable outcomes than singletons of the same gestational age, but fewer data are available for very preterm infants. This study aims to determine whether outcomes differ ...
Mitchell Edwin A - - 2010
Simultaneous sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) in twins is an extremely rare event. Some believe these are natural deaths, whereas others suggest they are unnatural. We report monozygotic twins dying at 12 weeks of age. Extensive investigation concluded that the cause of death was natural. Our case fulfilled the criteria ...
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