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Results 101 - 150 of 1078
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Yang Gaby - - 2008
The etiology of infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (IHPS) remains a mystery. Some suspected risk factors include birth rank, maternal age, sex, family history and monozygosity in twins. Various theories attempt to explain the etiology of IHPS. Scientific research suggests that enteric neuronal damage and nitric oxide synthase dysfunction may be ...
Ooki Syuichi - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The aims of the present study are to describe the secular trend of breast-feeding rates in Japanese twins in comparison with the general population, and then to clarify the maternal and infants' obstetric factors associated with breast-feeding in twins. METHODS: Breast-feeding rates from 0 to 6 full months and ...
Talvik Inga - - 2008
The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between crying of an infant and inflicted head injury by shaking and/or impact. During the period between January 1, 1997 and December 31, 2003, 26 cases of shaken baby syndrome (SBS) were identified in Estonia. The incidence of SBS was ...
Lust Annelies - - 2008
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of selective feticide (SF) compared to expectant management (EM) on perinatal outcome in dichorionic and monochorionic twins discordant for anencephaly. For this purpose, we conducted a systematic review of literature and added ten unpublished cases. As a result, we found ...
Chmait Ramen H - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to compare twin weight discordance and prevalence of intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) before laser therapy and after birth in pregnancies complicated by twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS). STUDY DESIGN: Women with TTTS who underwent laser therapy with dual neonatal survivors born at least 28 ...
Kistka Zachary A-F - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to assess relative maternal and paternal genetic influences on birth timing. STUDY DESIGN: Utilizing The Netherlands Twin Registry, we examined the correlation in birth timing of infants born to monozygotic (MZ) twins and their first-degree relatives (dizygotic twins and siblings of twins). Genetic ...
Pristauz Gunda - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To assess neonatal outcome and 2-year follow-up of pregnancies complicated by second trimester preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM). METHODS: A retrospective review of obstetric and neonatal records for 87 pregnancies (56 singletons, 6 twins, 1 triplet) with PPROM between 14+0 and 24+6 weeks of gestation. Patients received antibiotics ...
Tanrikulu A C - - 2008
BACKGROUND: In Turkey, there are insufficient data regarding the relation between altitude and the incidence of tuberculosis (TB). OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the effect of high altitude and socio-economic conditions on the incidence of TB in Turkey. METHODS: The mean incidence of TB in 56 Turkish cities was ...
Moise Kenneth J KJ - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to describe the efficacy and safety of radiofrequency ablation for selective reduction in the treatment of complicated monochorionic gestations. STUDY DESIGN: Case series of all consecutive patients treated at 1 institution. A 17-gauge radiofrequency needle was inserted under continuous ultrasound guidance into the fetal abdomen ...
Kanat-Pektas Mine - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The aim is to compare naturally conceived twins with twins conceived by assisted reproductive techniques (ART) by means of perinatal outcome, behavioural patterns and psychomotor development. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Three hundred and five spontaneous and 119 assisted twins were compared in aspects of behavioural patterns, mental and psychomotor development, ...
Solomon Benjamin D - - 2008
Prematurity is frequently seen in the neonatal intensive care unit, and trisomy 21 is an often diagnosed neonatal disorder. We report a unique case of extremely premature twins, one of whom was ultimately diagnosed with trisomy 21. We were able to examine the neonatal courses and outcomes of these twins, ...
Zeyneloglu Hulusi B - - 2008
BACKGROUND/AIMS: This study aimed to determine the immunohistochemical characteristics of intramural leiomyomata that enlarged during controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (COH) for in vitro fertilization (IVF). METHODS: For this retrospective case-control clinical study and immunohistochemical analysis, 5 patients with enlarged intramural leiomyomata during COH for IVF, who had undergone myomectomy immediately after ...
Sharbaf Fatemeh Rahimi - - 2008
Acardiac twin syndrome is a rare complication affecting monozygotic twins, where one twin fails to develop normally and completely. In this report, we present an acardiac fetus that was seen for evaluation at 26 weeks of gestation. Initial routine ultrasound examination suggested anomalies. The first detailed ultrasound demonstrated a normal ...
Hartley Rebecca S - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To analyze dizygotic twinning rates and outcomes over a 25-year period. METHODS: Birth and fetal death certificates from 1980-2004 in Washington State, USA, were analyzed retrospectively to find factors associated with the increase in sex-discordant twins through time. "Low" and "high" fertility treatment groups were defined according to demographic ...
Tsou Meng-Ting - - 2008
To examine the long term effects of low birth weight on academic achievements in twins and singletons and to determine whether the academic achievement of twins in early adulthood is inferior to that of singletons. Cohort study. Taiwanese nationwide register of academic outcome. A cohort of 218 972 singletons and ...
Gielen M - - 2008
Heritability estimates of birth weight have been inconsistent. Possible explanations are heritability changes during gestational age or the influence of covariates (e.g. chorionicity). The aim of this study was to model birth weights of twins across gestational age and to quantify the genetic and environmental components. We intended to reduce ...
Antonov A S - - 2007
A brief history of comparative studies of nucleic acids for systematic purposes is given. These studies were initiated by a group of Moscow State University scientists headed by A. N. Belozersky. Based mostly on comparative DNA studies, some main dogmas of a new branch of systematics were gradually developed. In ...
Borenstein M - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To define the relative position of the maxilla and mandible in fetuses with trisomy 18 at 11 + 0 to 13 + 6 weeks of gestation. METHODS: A three-dimensional (3D) volume of the fetal head was obtained before karyotyping at 11 + 0 to 13 + 6 weeks of ...
Cortes Dina - - 2008
PURPOSE: Considerable controversy exists regarding the recently published high prevalence of cryptorchidism and the actual orchiopexy rate in Denmark. Therefore, we carried out another prevalence study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study population included 1,094 consecutive males delivered alive at Glostrup University Hospital during 2002, with a 4-year review of patient ...
Mersereau Jennifer E - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To compare the strategy of traditional IVF with prenatal diagnosis versus IVF with preimplantation genetic screening (IVF/PGS) to prevent aneuploid births in women with advanced maternal age. DESIGN: A decision tree analytic model was created to compare IVF alone versus IVF/PGS to evaluate which strategy is the least costly ...
Afsar F Sule - - 2007
A 12-year-old girl presented with a 1-year history of a Becker's naevus involving the right posterior thigh and gluteal area. In addition, three hypopigmented macules of naevus depigmentosus distributed in a segmental pattern on the medial aspect of the right posterior thigh had been present since birth. We suggest that ...
Gootwine Elisha - - 2008
Prolificacy up to the fifth parity and lamb survival at birth were investigated in >or=31/32 Awassi and >or=31/32 Assaf sheep belonging to the ++, B+ and BB genotypes at the FecB locus. In the Awassi, prolificacy of ++, B+ and BB ewes was 1.28, 1.90 and 1.92 lambs born/lambing (LB/L), ...
Major Archima - - 2007
PURPOSE: Infantile esotropia (manifesting from birth to 6 months) is a common type of strabismus, accounting for 28% to 54% of all esotropias and with an incidence of 1% of the general population. The purpose of this cohort study was to evaluate risk factors for infantile esotropia. Such information may ...
Segal Nancy L - - 2007
Adoption agencies are expending greater efforts toward placing adoptive twins and siblings together in the same home. However, new sources of reared apart twins continue to be identified. Some of these sources are described, with suggestions for how individual cases can be used more fruitfully by interested researchers. Next, recent ...
Luke Barbara - - 2007
Our aim was to evaluate the risk of death among healthy infants due to maltreatment, using national linked vital statistics data. The study population included all nonanomalous, full-term (> or = 37 weeks), non-low birthweight (> 2500 grams) infants born between 1995 and 2000 and their linked death certificates: 18,673,439 ...
Chambers Georgina M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Currently, about one-third of infants born after assisted reproductive technology (ART) worldwide are twins or triplets. This study compared the inpatient birth-admission costs of singleton and multiple gestation ART deliveries to non-ART deliveries. METHODS: A cohort of 5005 mothers and 5886 infants conceived following ART treatment were compared to ...
Carvalho B - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Twin pregnancies are associated with increased perinatal morbidity and mortality. No consensus exists whether vaginal twin delivery should take place in the labor room or operating room, or whether anesthesiologists should be present. We surveyed members of the California Society of Anesthesiologists (CSA) to review management of vaginal twin ...
Biswas P K - - 2008
We determined the flock sizes and rates of loss caused by different factors in broody-hen chicks (BHC) up to 60 days of age on 600 randomly selected smallholdings in Bangladesh. The smallholders were beneficiaries of a village poultry production chain called 'Smallholder Livestock Development Project-2' (SLDP-2) which was undertaken with ...
Thant,Kyaw-Zin
Rubella is a common cause of childhood rash and fever. Congenital rubella syndrome (CRS) can lead to deafness, heart disease, cataracts, and a variety of other permanent manifestations. In order to identify the disease burden of rubella infection, CRS surveillance among infants in Yangon was conducted for two consecutive years ...
Shinwell Eric S - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Preterm male infants are at a disadvantage when compared with female infants regarding the incidence of respiratory and neurologic morbidity and mortality. At term, female infants from unlike-sex twin pairs have birth weights that are closer to their male co-twins than to girls from like-sex twin pairs. We hypothesized ...
Hong Jae S - - 2007
The fetal growth curve and neonatal mortality rate, based on gestational age and birthweight, are important for identifying groups of high-risk neonates and developing appropriate medical services and health-care programmes. The purpose of this study was to develop a national fetal growth curve for neonates in Korea, and examine the ...
Fauvergue Xavier - - 2007
One frequent explanation for the failure of biological invasions is the Allee effect: due to positive density dependence, initially small invading populations may fail to establish and spread. Populations released for biological control are similar to fortuitous invading populations and may therefore suffer from Allee effects. However, unlike fortuitous invasions, ...
Wetterslev Jørn - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Cumulative meta-analyses are prone to produce spurious P<0.05 because of repeated testing of significance as trial data accumulate. Information size in a meta-analysis should at least equal the sample size of an adequately powered trial. Trial sequential analysis (TSA) corresponds to group sequential analysis of a single ...
Einaudi Marie-Ange - - 2008
OBJECTS: Perform neuropsychological screening of a group of preterm twins without major brain pathology and compare it with a control group of similarly preterm children born as singletons. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-three preterm twins born at fewer than 32 weeks of gestation were tested for rapid evaluation of cognitive functions ...
Pharoah Peter O D - - 2007
Twins compared with singletons and monozygous (MZ) compared with dizygous (DZ) twins are at increased risk of fetal and infant death, cerebral palsy and many congenital anomalies. The aim of this study is to investigate whether zygosity is a risk factor for the sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). Birth registration ...
Mizobuchi Roberto Ryuiti - - 2007
Eighty knees of 40 musculoskeletally normal infants whose age ranged from 0 to 24 months (average 9.65 months) were ultrasonographically analyzed. The lengths of the patella, patellar ligament - and the Insall-Salvati index, knee being flexed at 30 degrees , were assessed. The angles of the femoral cartilaginous sulcus knee ...
Wright Victoria Clay - - 2007
In 1996, CDC initiated data collection regarding assisted reproductive technology (ART) procedures performed in the United States, as mandated by the Fertility Clinic Success Rate and Certification Act of 1992 (FCSRCA) (Public Law 102-493 [October 24, 1992]). ART includes fertility treatments in which both eggs and sperm are handled in ...
Lieberman Brian - - 2007
In the UK, the live birth rate after IVF in women aged less than 36 is >25%. The multiple birth rates in these women are excessive (20% to 25%). The perinatal mortality rate is increased significantly with IVF twins and triplets (8/1000 singletons, 20/1000 twins and 34/1000 triplets). Multiple pregnancies ...
Kristensen Sibylle - - 2007
AIM: We examined the impact of advanced maternal age (>40 years old) on the survival of twin small-for-gestational-age (SGA) infants, that is, infants who were smaller in size than was expected for the baby's sex, genetic heritage, and gestational age. METHODS: The present study was a retrospective cohort study on ...
Kouyoumdjian João Aris - - 2007
Single fiber electromyography (SFEMG) is the most sensitive clinical neurophysiological test for neuromuscular junction disorders, particularly myasthenia gravis. Normal values for jitter obtained with SFEMG electrode have been published, but there are few publications for concentric needle electrode (CNE). The aim of this study was to discuss the possibilities to ...
Luke Barbara - - 2007
Advances in perinatal technology that improved survival may have also resulted in prolonged death from the neonatal to the postneonatal period for some infants. The objectives of this study were to determine if the medical advances that occurred in the 1990s benefited infants of multiple births more than their singleton ...
Zhang Bing - - 2007
GRB 060218 is a watershed event. Statistically, its detection suggests that there is likely a distinct low-luminosity (LL) population of gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) whose event rate is much higher than that of conventional high-luminosity GRBs. This LL population may give significant contribution to the diffuse neutrino background flux at energies ...
Benders Manon J N L - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Most perinatal arterial stroke (PAS) studies that investigated infant characteristics have excluded preterm infants from the study population. We sought to analyze the imaging findings and antenatal and perinatal risk factors in preterm infants with PAS. METHODS: This was a hospital-based, case-control study of preterm infants. Case ...
Zdravkovic Slobodan - - 2007
As functional properties of the coronaries may differ between coronary heart disease (CHD) patients with or without angina pectoris (AP), it is possible that different genetic mechanisms could be involved in the various CHD phenotypes. The primary aim of this study was, therefore, to determine the relative importance of genetic ...
Olivieri Antonella - - 2007
CONTEXT: In Italy, the surveillance of congenital hypothyroidism (CH) is performed by the Italian National Registry of Infants with CH (INRICH). Up to now, about 3600 infants with CH are recorded in the INRICH, and a high number of twins are included. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to estimate the risk ...
Dickey Richard P - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of the 1998 Society for Assisted Reproductive Technology/American Society for Reproductive Medicine (SART/ASRM) Practice Committee recommendation to limit the number of embryos transferred on high order multiple births (HOMB) due to assisted reproduction technology (ART) and ovulation induction (OI) in the United States. SETTING: None. ...
Lenclen Richard - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare neonatal outcome in preterm neonates after twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) that was treated by amnioreduction or fetoscopic laser surgery (FLS) and in dichorionic neonates who were matched for gestational age at birth. STUDY DESIGN: Neonatal outcome was assessed in 137 TTTS ...
Cruikshank Dwight P - - 2007
A trial of labor and vaginal delivery are usually indicated in vertex-vertex twins. For vertex-nonvertex twins, vaginal birth is preferred, with the second twin being delivered by breech extraction, unless it is significantly larger than the first. Cesarean delivery is indicated if the first twin is nonvertex and for all ...
Claro Cristiane Aparecida de Assis - - 2007
The present study compared forces in stainless steel, TiMolium and TMA, V-bend intrusion arches with different magnitudes of flexion. The sample consisted of rectangular-section wires, caliber .017" x .025", with ten arches of each alloy. All V-bends were made 48 mm from the midline, using the same phantom upper jaw, ...
Khoshnood Babak - - 2007
The aim of the study was to assess, using population-based data, trends and regional variations in multiple births during the period of increasing use and changes in practice patterns for infertility treatments. National data for 24,554,977 births (live births and stillbirths) were used, including 569,423 twins during the period 1972 ...
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