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Briery Christian M - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To compare preterm birth rate and neonatal outcome in twin gestations randomized to either 17 alpha-hydroxyprogesterone caproate (17P) or placebo. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Women with twin gestations between 20-30 weeks were randomized to receive weekly injections of either 250 mg 17P injection (Group I), or placebo (Group II). Maternal ...
Garg P - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To compare the perinatal characteristics, neonatal morbidity and mortality of preterm singletons, twins and triplets born at 22-31 weeks' gestation and admitted to neonatal intensive care units (NICU) in New South Wales and Australian Capital Territory between 1994 and 2005. METHODS: Perinatal characteristics and neonatal outcome data were obtained ...
Feldman Ruth - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To examine whether the risk posed to infant development by triplet birth persists into childhood and whether growth-discordant triplets are at a particularly high developmental risk. METHODS: Twenty-one sets of triplets were matched with 21 sets of twins and 21 singletons (N = 126) for medical and demographic conditions ...
Vachharajani Akshaya J - - 2009
We compare 4 short-term outcomes--namely admission to special care nursery (SCN), length of stay (LOS), age at full feeds (AFF) and respiratory morbidity/need for ventilation--in 1015 late preterm singletons and 366 twins and triplets born at our institution over a 4-year period. Birth weight (BW) and gestational age (GA) rather ...
Luu Thuy Mai - - 2009
Twinning is currently considered a complex multifactorial trait. Few studies have explored how the unique genetic and environmental influences that create twinning affect phenotypes and outcomes. Previous data has shown that twins account for a significant proportion of preterm and low-birth-weight infants, who are at risk for long-term neurodevelopmental disabilities ...
Lung F-W - - 2009
BACKGROUND: While studying the development of twins, gestational age and birthweight were suggested as two of the major mediators to be considered. In addition, maternal age, maternal education, parental income and assisted reproductive technologies (ART) also should be considered as moderators. Thus the purpose of this study was to investigate ...
Jarrell Julia R - - 2009
PURPOSE: The purposes were to relate responses (including unacceptable ones) of twins to shared kangaroo care (KC), to provide explanations for the unexpected responses, and to offer suggestions for safe nursing practice. DESIGN: A descriptive, evaluative case study was conducted. Both twins received KC while their vital signs and maternal ...
Hardin J - - 2009
This study compared the prevalence of cardiovascular defects in twin and singleton births and explored the influences of zygosity (monozygotic and dizygotic) and maternal age (<35 and >or=35 years of age) on concordance. Data on twin and singleton infants with (n = 628 twin pairs and n = 14,078 singletons) ...
Chuk Meredith K - - 2009
Concordance of MLL-rearranged acute leukemia in infant monozygotic twins is thought to be 100% with a very short latency period, suggesting that either the MLL fusion itself is sufficient to cause leukemia or that it promotes the rapid acquisition of additional oncogenic events that result in overt disease. We report ...
Peaceman Alan M - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To compare infant outcomes for twin gestations delivered vaginally with those with cesarean delivery by using a large national dataset containing birth certificate data. STUDY DESIGN: Vertex/vertex presenting twins delivering at >/= 30 weeks' gestation were separated by method of delivery and compared for neonatal morbidities and death in ...
Martínez-Frías María Luisa - - 2009
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to analyze the frequency and certain epidemiological characteristics of a consecutive series of conjoined twins born in Spain. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We used data from the Spanish Collaborative Study of Congenital Malformations for the period April 1976 to 2006. Because the Spanish law ...
Onyiriuka Alphonsus N - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Birthweight differences in twin pairs influence their perinatal outcome as well as growth and development. Growth-discordant twins have not been well characterized in our local environment. OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of birthweight discordance in live-born twin pairs and document some factors that may influence it. METHODS: In this ...
Lin Ming-Jen - - 2009
By combining two unique Taiwanese datasets, this paper investigates how birth weight affects grades at age 15 years. To tackle the endogeneity problem caused by omitted variables, we first compare birth weight and grade variation within twins. We find that birth weight does increase grades but only when both twins ...
Datar Ashlesha - - 2009
To determine the effect of very low birth weight (VLBW; <1500 g) and moderately low birth weight (MLBW; 1500-2499 g) on children's mental and motor development and physical growth during the first 2 years of life and whether VLBW and MLBW babies catch up to normal birth weight (NBW; > ...
Hur Yoon-Mi - - 2009
Using the South Korean national live birth data for the years 2003 to 2007, monozygotic (MZ) and dizygotic (DZ) twin birth rates were estimated and analyzed by maternal age, and parents of twins and those of singletons were compared in their level of education. During this period, while the MZ ...
Hardin Jill - - 2009
This study examines the probability of twins by birth year, maternal race-ethnicity, age, and parity and the influences of these demographic factors on the probability of male in twins and singletons in a large, racially diverse population. Recent publications note steep increases in twin births while the probability of male ...
Rogers Gary F - - 2009
Numerous risk factors have been associated with the development of deformational plagiocephaly, although the etiology remains unclear. Torticollis and sternocleidomastoid imbalance are implicated, but reporting is variable. The authors sought to determine the incidence of torticollis/sternocleidomastoid imbalance in deformational plagiocephaly. The authors prospectively evaluated 371 infants with cranial asymmetry between ...
Lopriore Enrico - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the risk factors for adverse long-term neurodevelopment outcome in twin-twin transfusion syndrome treated with laser surgery. METHODS: Twin-twin transfusion syndrome cases treated with laser surgery at three European centers from August 2000 to December 2005 were included in this case-control study. Neurological, mental, and psychomotor development (using ...
Wadhawan Rajan - - 2009
The purpose of this work was to compare the risk-adjusted incidence of death or neurodevelopmental impairment at 18 to 22 months' corrected age between twin and singleton extremely low birth weight infants. We hypothesized that twin gestation is independently associated with increased risk of death or adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes at ...
Martínez M - - 2009
The aim of the study was to determine the effect of the type of birth, the sex of the kids, the duration of the birth (categorized as short, medium, or long), and the level of maternal care (categorized as low, medium, or high) on the behavioral variables of kids during ...
Dirani M - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: It was the aim of this study to assess the role of birth weight in the development of myopia using a large cohort of Caucasian monozygotic (MZ) and dizygotic (DZ) twins that took part in the Genes in Myopia (GEM) twin study. METHODS: The recruitment of all twins in ...
Keenan Jeffrey A - - 2009
This report records the first documented instance of a birth in which twins, genetically unrelated to each other, were born to a mother genetically unrelated to either of them. After an extensive history of infertility with multiple unsuccessful treatments, a 42-year-old woman gave birth to healthy twins following transfer of ...
Chatterjee Subir K - - 2009
There is no record of both separated ischiopagus tetrapus conjoined twins leading normal lives 22 years after separation. We separated a pair of such twins in 1986 and have followed them up till date. Details regarding the technique of separation and the procedures required to ensure normal defecation and micturition ...
Campbell-Yeo Marsha L - - 2009
Co-bedding, a developmental care strategy, is the practice of caring for diaper clad twins in one incubator (versus separating and caring for each infant in separate incubators), thus creating the opportunity for skin-to-skin contact and touch between the twins. In studies of mothers and their infants, maternal skin-to-skin contact has ...
Hack Karien E A - - 2009
Monochorionic (MC) twins are at increased risk for perinatal mortality and serious morbidity due to the presence of placental vascular anastomoses. Cerebral injury can be secondary to haemodynamic and hematological disorders during pregnancy (especially twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) or intrauterine co-twin death) or from postnatal injury associated with prematurity and ...
Ludwig Michael - - 2009
This commentary discusses a paper by Romundstad and colleagues, who aimed to determine whether the adverse affects associated with assisted reproduction are a result of the technology or couples' infertility. The study used data from the Medical Birth Registry of Norway from January 1984 to June 2006, and analyzed the ...
Helbig Ingo - - 2008
Adverse events during the perinatal period have traditionally been thought to contribute to the risk of febrile seizures although an association has not been found in large epidemiological studies. Disease-discordant twins provide a means to assess the role of non-shared environmental factors while matching for confounding factors and avoiding difficulties ...
Nawab Ursula S - - 2008
PURPOSE: To evaluate short-term outcomes associated with discordant twin pairs admitted to the NICU. DESIGN: A retrospective descriptive study comparing discordant twin pairs. SUBJECTS: Three hundred eighty-four discordant twin pairs were included. Mean gestational age of the twin pairs was 32.6 weeks (range, 24-39). METHODS: The ParadigmHealth database was queried ...
Sun Lu-Ming - - 2009
We examined the impact of the presence of one anomalous fetus in a twin pregnancy on perinatal outcomes in the normal cotwin. Perinatal outcomes in cotwins with an anomalous twin and cotwins without an anomalous twin were compared using data from the 1995 to 1997 United States Matched Multiple Births ...
Arad Ilan - - 2009
AIM: To quantify the number of chest and abdominal radiograms performed in surviving singleton extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants in order to examine whether changes in imaging application occurred during the last 21 years (1987-2007). METHODS: Clinical and radiological data of 225 out of 229 surviving infants were obtained ...
Soussignan Robert - - 2009
The study investigated the genetic and environmental contributions to individual differences in measures of socioemotional reactivity and emotion regulation with a sample of 115 monozygotic (MZ) and 156 dizygotic (DZ) 5-month-old twin pairs. Twins' zygosity was determined by a combination of DNA typing and physical similarity. Twins' behaviors (motor activity ...
Hossein-Zadeh N Ghavi - - 2008
Calving records of Holstein dairy cows from April 1998 to September 2006 comprising 16 herds with 104,572 calving events representing 4,045 twin births were used to evaluate reported twinning rate, calf sex ratio, stillbirth, and abortion rates in single and twin births. Overall, the reported twinning rate was 3.9%, and ...
Guendelman Sylvia - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: We examined the impact of chronic stress on the relationship between second-trimester serum corticotropin releasing hormone (CRH) concentrations and preterm delivery (PTD) in working women. METHODS: Birth records from mothers of 364 PTD and 730 controls in Southern California were linked to stored mid-pregnancy maternal serum analysed for CRH. ...
Wain E Mary - - 2008
Isolated, small lesions of anetoderma presenting at birth have been reported in twins born at 25 weeks of gestational age. We report the first case of widespread congenital anetoderma occurring in an infant born at 24 weeks of gestation weighing 640 g and discuss the potential factors in its etiology.
Hack K E A - - 2008
To study placental characteristics in relation to perinatal outcome in 150 pairs of monochorionic diamniotic (MCDA) twins. Between January 1998 and January 2007 150 pairs of MCDA twins were delivered in the University Medical Center, Utrecht, The Netherlands. Mortality, neonatal morbidity and birth weight discordancy were studied in relation to ...
Alexander James M - - 2008
To examine maternal and infant outcomes after a vaginal delivery of twin A and a cesarean delivery of twin B, and to identify whether the second twin experienced increased short-term morbidity as part of a combined route of delivery. Between January 1, 1999, and December 31, 2000, a prospective cohort ...
Mukherjee Niyati N Department of Psychiatry, University of North Carolina School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-7160, - - 2009
Discordance of birth weight has been observed in twin pairs, though little is known about prenatal and early neonatal discordance of head and brain size, and the role that zygosity and chorionicity play in discordances of early brain development in twins. To compare prenatal and neonatal discordances of head size ...
Tummaruk P - - 2009
The present study aims to investigate genital organs of replacement gilts culled due to reproductive failure, and the relationship between gross morphological findings and historical reproductive data. The study was conducted from July 2005 to September 2006 and included a random sample of 200 genital organs from six swine herds ...
Sunday-Adeoye I - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To provide information on twin deliveries among Igbos in a rural/semi-urban community of South-Eastern Nigeria, and compare the twinning rate with data from the other two major tribes. METHODS: An analysis of the records of deliveries conducted over a 20-year period in a rural/semi-urban community of South-Eastern Nigeria. RESULTS: ...
Taubman-Ben-Ari Orit - - 2008
Parenting twins is typically portrayed as more stressful than is parenting single children and, therefore, more of a strain on the marital relationship. With this in mind, the present study examined the contribution of infant characteristics and mother's internal resources (attachment style) and external resources (maternal and paternal grandmothers' perceived ...
Joy J - - 2008
Evidence on pregnancy outcomes of twins conceived by artificial reproductive technology (ART) compared with those naturally conceived (NC) is conflicting. We retrospectively audited outcomes of ART and NC twin births at Royal Maternity Hospital, Belfast from 01.01.2002-31.12.2003. Of 202 twins, 53 (26%) were ART and 149 (74%) were NC. ART ...
Boomsma Dorret I - - 2008
Abstract Paula Bernstein and Elyse Schein are identical twins who were separated at 6 months of age. After spending the first few months of their lives together with a foster mother they were adopted by different families and finally reunited in 2004, when they were 35 years old. The book, ...
Miyama Sahoko - - 2008
Male monozygotic twins with genetically determined severe myoclonic epilepsy in infancy are described. Although seizure onset, clinical seizure symptomatology, and motor and mental development were almost identical until age 38 months, their clinical courses then became discordant. The emergence of myoclonus was delayed by 12 months in twin 1 compared ...
Battista Leah - - 2008
We compared the effectiveness of antenatal betamethasone for the prevention of neonatal morbidity and mortality in preterm twin and singleton gestations. We conducted a case-control study of women with twin versus singleton gestations who received betamethasone for risk of prematurity in a university-affiliated, community-based, tertiary care center between 1997 and ...
Igberase G O - - 2008
Twin pregnancy is associated with an increased risk of pre-term deliveries, perinatal morbidity, mortality and maternal complications, especially in developing countries. A descriptive study of all women who had twin pregnancies in a rural mission tertiary hospital over a 7-year period was undertaken. There were a total of 3,351 deliveries ...
Wright Victoria C - - 2008
Assisted reproductive technology (ART) includes fertility treatments in which both eggs and sperm are handled in the laboratory (i.e., in vitro fertilization and related procedures). Patients who undergo ART procedures are more likely to deliver multiple-birth infants than women who conceive naturally. Multiple births are associated with increased risk for ...
Boulet Sheree L - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Approximately 18% of multiple births in the USA result from assisted reproduction technology (ART). Although many studies comparing ART and naturally conceived twins report no difference in risks for perinatal outcomes, others report slight to moderate positive or protective associations. METHODS: We selected twin deliveries with and without indication ...
Salihu Hamisu M - - 2008
Using data from the Missouri maternally linked files (1989-1997), the authors examined the association among maternal obesity, obesity subtypes, and spontaneous and medically indicated preterm (<37 weeks) and very preterm (<33 weeks) births in singletons and twins. Adjusted odds ratios were obtained with correction for intracluster correlation. The prevalence of ...
Yang Gaby - - 2008
The etiology of infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (IHPS) remains a mystery. Some suspected risk factors include birth rank, maternal age, sex, family history and monozygosity in twins. Various theories attempt to explain the etiology of IHPS. Scientific research suggests that enteric neuronal damage and nitric oxide synthase dysfunction may be ...
Ooki Syuichi - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The aims of the present study are to describe the secular trend of breast-feeding rates in Japanese twins in comparison with the general population, and then to clarify the maternal and infants' obstetric factors associated with breast-feeding in twins. METHODS: Breast-feeding rates from 0 to 6 full months and ...
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