Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 1076
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Williams M C - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: Our objective in this study was to evaluate decreased weight/length ratio as a correlate of perinatal morbidity in twins. STUDY DESIGN: Rates of weight/length ratio less than 10% (low WL) were compared in 986 neonates from twin gestations and 4929 matched singletons. Low WL was compared with birth weight ...
Alexander J M - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to determine whether manipulation of the second twin increases the risk of postpartum infection. STUDY DESIGN: Medical records of all twin deliveries between January 1991 and December 1994 were reviewed. The route of delivery (vaginal vs cesarean section) was examined. The vaginal group was further divided ...
Cifelli R L - - 1997
A densely sampled, diverse new fauna from the uppermost Cedar Mountain Formation, Utah, indicates that the basic pattern of faunal composition for the Late Cretaceous of North America was already established by the Albian-Cenomanian boundary. Multiple, concordant 40Ar/39Ar determinations from a volcanic ash associated with the fauna have an average ...
Schechter R - - 1997
Infants with infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (IHPS) born from 1983 to 1988 and recorded in the California Birth Defects Monitoring Program (CBDMP) database were compared with their birth cohort by demographic characteristics and selected associated birth defects. We identified 1963 cases of IHPS for a cumulative incidence of 1.9 per ...
Shek Y - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To study the rates of twinning in Asian countries using the most recent data available. METHOD: A Medline search was performed and all primary and secondary references obtained. RESULTS: Data was obtained from 5 Asian countries from reports published between 1983 and 1993. Total twinning rates varied. CONCLUSION: Twinning ...
Shimosegawa M - - 1997
The patients were one-month-old identical twins. Scaly erythema was noted mainly on the trunk, face, and scalp of one twin starting about three weeks after birth and starting about two weeks after birth in the other. The patients' courses were observed without treatment; the eruptions tended to disappear two months ...
Kramer R L - - 1997
Monozygotic (MZ) twins concordant for cloacal dysgenesis were diagnosed at 15 weeks' gestation on ultrasound exam. The structural alterations result from abnormal morphogenesis of the cloacal membrane and contiguous anlage with resultant secondary changes. These defects are suggestive of teratogen exposure or an endogenous event early in gestation, resulting in ...
Baker E R - - 1997
A retrospective cohort study was performed to determine whether growth-restricted fetuses of a twin gestation are at increased risk of adverse neonatal outcome compared with growth-restricted singletons. One cohort was comprised of 48 growth-discordant twin pregnancies in which the birth weight of the smaller twin was less than the tenth ...
Kyriazopoulou V - - 1997
Sera from 308 healthy Greek females of reproductive age were examined for specific IgG antibodies to human parvovirus B19 by recombinant-Elisa to determine the immunity rates of this part of population to parvovirus B19. Also paired maternal sera and amniotic fluids from nine pregnancies with hydrops fetalis were investigated for ...
Wennerholm U B - - 1997
The main purpose of this study was to evaluate the obstetric and neonatal outcome of children conceived from cryopreserved embryos. The medical records of 270 infants (163 singletons, 98 twins and nine triplets) were reviewed and compared with two control populations of children born after in-vitro fertilization (IVF) with fresh ...
Friedman S A - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to determine whether, as a consequence of advanced maturity, preterm twin infants have a more favorable neonatal outcome than matched singleton infants. STUDY DESIGN: A matched cohort study design was used. Two hundred twenty-four twin infants (112 sets) were matched for gestational age, race, gender, and ...
Bobzom D N - - 1997
In a retrospective study of twin births in the University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital from January 1982 to December 1990, there was an incidence of twins of 1/76 with a perinatal mortality rate of 118/1000. The major risk factors were shown to be preterm delivery and low birth weight, absence ...
Mailloux R - - 1997
The advent of artificial induction of ovulation has increased the incidence of triplet pregnancies. Although the outcome of triplet pregnancies has improved through advanced technology, several studies have suggested that triplets conceived by artificial induction of ovulation have worse prenatal and perinatal outcomes than those conceived naturally. Our study examined ...
Murphy M - - 1997
Trends in multiple birth rates are thought to have been substantially affected by subfertility treatments in the last 25 years, but there are few quantitative assessments of this. This paper examines trends in twin and higher multiple birth rates separately in Scotland, England and Wales and compares their course with ...
Mehl-Madrona L - - 1997
The effect of attending breech, twin, and post-date pregnancies on home birth outcomes was assessed. The same from was used to collect data on a convenience sample of 4,361 home births attended by apprentice-trained midwives from 1970 to 1985 and 4,107 home births attended by family physicians from 1969 to ...
Friling R - - 1997
Ninety-nine infants from multiple gestation births and weighing < or = 1500 g at birth were matched with infants from single births to clarify the relationship of multiple gestation to retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). There was no significant difference in the incidence of ROP between the twins and the singletons ...
Okogbo M E - - 1997
The incidence and correlates of low birth weight (LBW) among an index population of 525 newborn Nigerian twins and a control population of 363 singletons were studied. The incidence of LBW among the twins (53.9%) was significantly higher than the incidence of 11.8% among the singletons (P < 0.001). Smallness ...
Borrell A - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To assess the interobserver variability of ultrasound measured fetal nuchal thickness (NT). STUDY DESIGN: NT was measured in 103 consecutive early midtrimester pregnancies (13-18 weeks) by three ultrasonographists with different levels of expertise, in our Prenatal Unit. Measurements were obtained prior to amniocentesis, blindly in relation to other examiners' ...
- - 1997
During 1980-1994, the number of twin births in the United States increased by 42%, from 68,339 to 97,064, and the twin birth rate (i.e., the number of twin births to total live births) increased 30%, from 18.9 to 24.6 per 1000 live births. These increases are important because the risks ...
Wong N A - - 1997
A case-control study of antecedents of neonatal septicaemia was performed using 50 cases of neonatal septicaemia and 73 comparison infants from a Malaysian hospital nursery. Multivariate analysis indicated the following independent risk factors: maternal primiparity, pre-eclampsia, prolonged rupture of membranes, twin pregnancy, prematurity, assisted ventilation, umbilical catheterization, and formula feeding. ...
Rijhsinghani A - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Neonatal intracerebellar bleeds are very rare and often seen in association with forceps or vaginal breech deliveries. Frequently the neonate requires surgical evacuation of the hemorrhage. These neonates are most often left with significant neurologic sequelae. Medical management has been reported but with poor outcomes. CASE: A primigravida with ...
Koike T - - 1997
Hydrops fetalis thought to be due to Ebstein's anomaly was seen at 22 weeks' gestation in one of two fetuses with a monochorionic placenta. Hydrops was treated with maternal digitalization and resolved by the 28th week of gestation. Hydrops did not recur while maternal digitalization continued. A clinical diagnosis of ...
Ellsworth J A - - 1997
Four rhesus macaque (Macaca mulatta) mothers each spontaneously adopted and reared an abandoned, unrelated neonate in addition to their own neonate. Data on relative time spent in maternal contact and who maintained proximity were collected for the biological and adopted "twins" and singleton control infants using focal animal sampling. Infant ...
Groner J I - - 1996
Conjoined twinning is a rare anomaly, occurring in one of every 50,000 births. Dicephalus dipus dibrachius is an extremely rare form of conjoined twinning in which the infant has two arms, two legs, one trunk, but two heads. These infants are often stillborn or die shortly after birth. The authors ...
DiLalla L F - - 1996
This project utilized twins to study differential mother-sibling interactions. The use of twins circumvented the traditional confounds of studying siblings of different ages or at two points in time. When the twins were 7 and 9 months of age, mothers spent 2.5 min alone with each infant in an attempt ...
Kvaerner K J - - 1996
The association between intrauterine growth, as measured by weight and gestational age, and the occurrence of recurrent ear infections was studied using data from a population-based sample of 7992 Norwegian twins. Perinatal measures were collected from the Medical Birth Registry, and reports of recurrent ear infections were based on questionnaires ...
Zhang J - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of mode of delivery on twin survival, especially among very premature twin births, in a population-based historical cohort study. METHODS: A total of 4428 pairs of live-born twins, birth weight 500 g or greater, were included based on data from vital records of the entire ...
Nassaralla S M - - 1996
This work reports a high incidence of anencephaly in a small Brazilian town (Santos Dumont, MG), analyzes its impact on the local population, and studies the legal rights of this population to protect itself from the financial burden and human suffering that this "epidemic" of anencephaly has caused. From 1983 ...
Benadé J G JG Department of Community Health, University of Stellenbosch, Tygerberg, W. - - 1996
To determine whether two commonly used DTP batches manufactured by Rhöne-Poulenc Rorer were more reactogenic than two commonly used batches manufactured by the South African Institute of Medical Research. Prospective study. Six community clinics. Infants routinely scheduled for their first three DTP immunisations. Local and systemic adverse reactions following immunisation ...
Orlebeke J F - - 1996
Twin family data can cast light on the longstanding problem about the influences of genes and environment on the etiology of left-handedness. Therefore, hand preference was assessed in 1700 adolescent twin pairs and their parents. Left-handedness (LH) appeared not significantly enhanced among twins compared to the general population. In addition ...
Cincotta R - - 1996
Twin-twin transfusion is a condition that was previously associated with close to a 100% perinatal mortality. Recent reports suggest that a survival rate of about 60% can be achieved with serial amniocentesis and modern neonatal care. However, it is now apparent that the survivors of this condition have multisystem complications ...
Parker R A - - 1996
To investigate the possibility that susceptibility to bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is affected by genetic factors, we analyzed risk factors for BPD in 108 twin pairs of infants having birth weight < or = 1,500 g. When BPD occurred in a first born twin (n = 23), it also occurred in ...
Gregory K E - - 1996
This paper reports results from a long-term experiment with a primary objective to increase twinning rate in cattle at the Roman L. Hruska U.S. Meat Animal Research Center. Survival of singles was 13% higher (P < .01) than that of twins at birth, and the difference in survival in favor ...
Luke B - - 1996
OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated the extent to which morbidity and costs at birth were associated with plurality, gestational age, and birth-weight with a sample of twins from a large urban hospital. METHODS: Each twin infant was matched to two singleton infants (control [ctrl]-singletons) for payor status and race, and to ...
Campbell M - - 1996
We report the different presentation features and clinical outcome between two identical infant twins with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia with a shared clonal disease and MLL gene rearrangement. One twin relapsed and died, but the other is in complete remission > 4 years after diagnosis. These data, and similar observations on ...
Thomas J G - - 1996
The anticipatory guidance for the parents of twins involves information on feeding, the parent-twin relationship, and promoting a sense of self. Parents optimally attach to one infant only, a concept known as monotropy. Ambivalence, anxiety, and unequal attachments may result from the stressful nature of raising twins. The early diagnosis ...
Lantz M E - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between maternal weight gain patterns, based on pregravid body mass index (BMI) and birth weight outcome in twins, and to make specific recommendations for maternal weight gain during twin gestation. METHODS: One hundred eighty-nine twin pregnancies were reviewed retrospectively. Weekly rates of maternal weight gain ...
Lajeunie E - - 1996
From a series of 1,408 patients with craniosynostosis hospitalized between 1976 and 1994, 561 probands with non-syndromal isolated sagittal synostosis were analyzed. The prevalence of sagittal synostosis was estimated in the order of 1 in 5,000 children. Family information was obtained from 373 probands distributed among 366 families. The male:female ...
Wilcox L S - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: Estimate the contribution of assisted reproductive technology (ART) in the United States to multiple gestation births and newborn hospital days. DESIGN: Analysis of successful ART conceptions occurring during 1990 to 1991 compared with vital statistics. Newborn hospital days are estimated from the 1990 National Hospital Discharge Survey. SETTING: The ...
Lewis C M - - 1996
The genetic contribution to dizygotic (DZ) twinning was investigated using 6,596 twin pairs from the Australian Twin Registry who provided information on other twins in their families. Responses were classified by the zygosity (DZ; monozygotic [MZ]) of the proband twins and by the relationship and zygosity of related twins. MZ ...
Machin G A - - 1996
Most triplets are trizygotic because they result from assisted reproduction. Prognosis is generally good. We analyzed 15 sets of triplets who were conceived spontaneously. Six sets were monozygotic, 7 were dizygotic, and only 2 sets were trizygotic. Considered as 45 twin pairs, 25 pairs (56%) were monozygotic. Twenty percent of ...
Akhtar S - - 1996
The aim of this paper is a thorough explication of the concept of identity. We have synthesized the scattered psychiatric and psychoanalytic literature on the topic to shed light on the historical origins, development, phenomenology, clinical relevance, and methods of assessing identity. Our review revealed that: (1) The concept of ...
Riese M L - - 1996
Twins within pairs often have different weights at birth. A difference of 15% or greater is defined as discordance for weight and is considered to place one or both infants at risk. Temperature differences had been found in the neonatal period for fullterm discordant cotwins, but not for preterm discordant ...
Hasselbalch H - - 1996
A new method of measuring the size of the thymus in infants less than 1 year of age is presented. The width of the thymus was measured in a transverse image while the area of the largest lobe was assessed in a longitudinal image. The thymic index was then defined ...
Krieger H - - 1996
The hypothesis of seasonality of twin births was investigated in two important maternity hospitals in the State of São Paulo, Brazil. The study included 1,386 twin births that occurred among 154,699 deliveries from 1984 to 1993. No evidence of seasonality has been detected either for the twin birth rate considered ...
Matte U - - 1996
A high frequency of twin births has been observed in Linha São Pedro, a small settlement which belongs to the city of Cãndido Godói, located 524 km Northwest from Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, in an ethnically homogeneous population of German descent restricted to a small geographic region. ...
Kilpatrick S J - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to compare perinatal mortality between twins and singletons matched for gestational age at delivery with the hypothesis that perinatal mortality would be similar. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study compared perinatal mortality in twins (790 babies) matched for gestational age at delivery at > or = ...
Alfirevic Z - - 1996
Amniocentesis test results are usually available only after 18 weeks gestation. Chorion villus sampling (CVS) may be performed transabdominally or transvaginally, usually between 10 and 12 weeks gestation. The objective of this review was to assess the safety and accuracy of chorion villus sampling compared to amniocentesis. We searched the ...
Weig S G - - 1995
The prenatal histories, clinical courses, and neuroradiographic studies of 8 infants who had survived the in utero demise of a homozygous co-twin were reviewed. Three distinct modes of clinical presentation were found: (1) severe neonatal encephalopathy with seizures; (2) a more benign neonatal course with onset of seizures and profound ...
Scardo J A - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to determine the predictive accuracy of a composite ultrasonographic evaluation for chorionicity, amnionicity, and zygosity in a consecutive series of twins. STUDY DESIGN: One hundred ten consecutive twins were seen for ultrasonography beginning January 1992. Chorionicity, amnionicity, and, zygosity were prospectively assessed with a composite of ...
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