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Results 501 - 550 of 1077
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Ziadeh S M - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this retrospective study was to evaluate. The mode of delivery on neonatal outcome of twins weighing <1500 g. METHODS: We reviewed the effect of birth order, presentation, and method of delivery on neonatal outcome in twin gestation under 1500 g at Princess Badeea' Teaching Hospital in ...
Cincotta R B - - 2000
AIMS: To compare the perinatal mortality and morbidity of infants with twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) with those of gestation matched twin controls and to assess the neurodevelopmental outcome of surviving twins with TTTS. METHODS: A cohort of 17 consecutive pregnancies with TTTS was enrolled over three years together with gestation ...
Seng Y C - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence, complications, management, and outcome in infants with twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) over a period of five years. METHODS: TTTS was diagnosed in monochorionic twins if one was pale and the other plethoric with a haemoglobin difference > or =5 g/100 ml and/or birthweight differences > ...
Koeppen-Schomerus G - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To investigate how the degree of prematurity interacts with genetic and environmental influences in their effect on verbal and nonverbal cognitive development. STUDY DESIGN: The target sample consisted of more than 2000 pairs of twins born in England and Wales in 1994. At 24 months, measures of verbal and ...
Blickstein I - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To calculate the frequencies of very low birth weight (VLBW) neonates among twins in a large population database. METHODS: The database comprised 12,567 live-born twin pairs delivered from 1993 to 1998 in Israel. Low birth weight (LBW) and VLBW were defined as less than 2500 and 1500 g, respectively. ...
Feldstein V A - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: Twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) is associated with a high risk of perinatal morbidity and mortality. The condition results from intertwin vascular connections in the shared placenta. We report here a case of early, severe TTTS that failed to respond to serial amniocenteses and that was successfully treated by means ...
Badawi N - - 2000
The relationship between the frequency of published recommended indications for placental pathological examination and the frequency of requests for such examination in a population-based study of term newborn encephalopathy was examined. Only 11.2% of placentas among 276 case infants and 0.7% of placentas among 564 term control infants were examined. ...
Felix J K - - 2000
Alloimmune neonatal neutropenia (ANN) is an uncommon but potentially life-threatening disorder of the neonate and young infant. Hematologically, the mother's peripheral neutrophil count is normal. However, the passive transfer of maternal immunoglobulin G neutrophil-specific antibodies and the subsequent sensitization of fetal neutrophils can result in severe neutropenia in the neonate. ...
Kogan M D - - 2000
CONTEXT: Multiple births account for an increasing percentage of all low-birth-weight infants, preterm births, and infant mortality in the United States. Since 1981, the percentage of women with multiple births who received intensive prenatal care (defined as a high number of visits, exceeding the recommendation of the American College of ...
Ziadeh S M - - 2000
The purpose of this retrospective study was to evaluate the mode of delivery on neonatal outcome of twins weighing <1500 grams. We reviewed the effect of birth order, presentation, and method of delivery on neonatal outcome in twin gestation under 1500 grams at Princess Badeea' Teaching Hospital in North Jordan ...
Hirnle P - - 2000
Although caesarean section of a second twin after vaginal birth of the first twin is rare, it nevertheless has clinical importance as an acute emergency situation with high perinatal morbidity and mortality. We therefore found it appropriate to describe the obstetric management of such cases, including an overview of the ...
Rolett A - - 2000
Many studies have examined associations between sociodemographic variables and preterm birth in singletons. However, almost no research has been published on whether variables such as maternal age, race, ethnicity, level of education and smoking are associated with preterm birth among twins in the same way. The purpose of this study ...
Boulot P - - 2000
The aim of this study was to compare the outcome of triplets managed expectantly or by multifetal reduction to twins to assess the potential benefit of fetal reduction. The study design was prospective, comparative and monocentric and the study was conducted in a teaching hospital. Out of 148 women with ...
Taji S - - 2000
A discrete area of defective enamel formation that appears on the labial surface of the crowns of deciduous canine teeth has been described in both recent and prehistoric human populations, with reported frequencies varying from 1 to 45 per cent. Suggestions about the aetiology of this localized hypoplasia range from ...
Pharoah P O - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Twins have a higher mortality and morbidity than singletons and, among twins, the surviving co-twin of a fetus that dies in utero is particularly at risk. We did a cohort study to quantify mortality and serious morbidity in co-twin survivors of fetuses that died in utero. METHODS: We collected ...
Nkata M - - 2000
Retention of the second twin is diagnosed if the twin is still undelivered 30 minutes after the birth of the first baby and this condition constitutes an obstetric emergency often associated with a poor outcome. We report the causes of retention and the perinatal mortality rate in 30 retained second ...
Keith L G - - 2000
Multiple births (of all orders) increased in epidemic proportions in the years 1971-1997. Twins increased 53%, 32%, 31%, and 83% in white, Afro-American, Native American and Mexican American women, respectively. Triplet, quadruplet, and quintuplet+ births increased >400%, >1,100%, and >500%, respectively, in the same years. The principal causes of these ...
Spencer K - - 2000
In a study of 130 first trimester cases of trisomy 21 and 959 controls we have shown that the median MoM for alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) is lower (0.82) and that for total human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG) is higher (1.31) than in the control group. For AFP 15.3% of cases were below ...
Kaefer M - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) is the most commonly inherited disease of the genitourinary tract. Although the majority of evidence supports a genetic cause, the tendency for this condition to spontaneously improve over time has made it difficult to determine the actual mode of transmission. We report the incidence of VUR ...
Larsen U - - 2000
This paper analyzes the age pattern of effective fecundability from populations with no evidence of deliberate fertility control using a new convolution model of fecundability. The analysis is based on a sample of Hutterite birth histories from the mid-20th century, and birth histories of French Canadians from the 17th and ...
Pollack H - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: This study assessed the effects of maternal smoking on birth outcomes among singletons and twins. METHODS: An algorithm was developed to link twins with their siblings in the 1995 Perinatal Mortality Data Set. A random-effects logistic regression model was then used to estimate the association between maternal smoking and ...
Guballa N - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: During ovulation induction (OI), ovarian stimulation is accomplished by hormonal manipulation, which includes administration of gonadotropins, gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonists, follicle-stimulating hormone, and luteinizing hormone. In in vitro fertilization (IVF), progesterone is often added. Because of the possibility of hormone-associated flare or thrombosis, patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and ...
Kyvik K O - - 2000
AIMS: To investigate, by means of a twin-control study, whether there is a relationship between birth weight and Type 1 diabetes mellitus. METHODS: In the youngest part (n = 20 888 pairs) of the Danish Twin Register, 95 twin pairs (26 monozygotic and 69 dizygotic) with Type 1 diabetes were ...
Patterson M - - 2000
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Gastric motility is partly regulated by an inherent electric control activity (ECA). Electrogastrography (EGG) measures gastric ECA through cutaneous electrodes. Little is known about EGG in neonates. A slow wave frequency of 3 cycles per minute (cpm) accounts for 85% to 100% of gastric ECA in normal adults and ...
Wolff K - - 2000
BACKGROUND: In Sweden, the frequency of cesarean section of the second twin after vaginal birth of the first twin has increased in recent years. METHODS: To investigate the indications for second twin cesarean sections, all twin deliveries at Huddinge University Hospital from 1995 to 1997 were reviewed retrospectively. The rates ...
Orford J - - 2000
The twin incidence is higher in infants with oesophageal atresia (OA) than in the general population. The purpose of this study was to review the twin OA information from five institutions and evaluate possible links between the development of OA and the twinning process. Data were compared, combined, and analysed. ...
Spring D B - - 2000
PURPOSE: To evaluate the influence of the contrast material used in hysterosalpingography (HSG) on subsequent reproductive success, independent of other therapeutic interventions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a prospective, multisite, randomized trial, 666 women who had been infertile for more than 1 year and were scheduled to undergo HSG as part ...
Blickstein I - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To assess the risk of vaginal birth of breech first twins by Apgar scores and mortality. METHODS: We did a retrospective case-control analysis of data from 13 centers that allow vaginal birth for breech first twins. We used depressed 5-minute Apgar scores and neonatal mortality as main outcome measures ...
Fukuda Y - - 2000
A 30-year-old woman was found to be carrying monochorionic-diamniotic twins at 7 weeks of gestation. The growth-retarded fetus died at 21 weeks of gestation. At 28 weeks of gestation, periventricular leukomalacia was detected in the brain of the surviving fetus by transvaginal ultrasonography. A female baby presenting with microcephaly was ...
Grisaru D - - 2000
The objective of this manuscript is to examine the effect of presentation of the first twin and mode of delivery on perintal outcome in twin deliveries. We reviewed all records of twin deliveries at a gestational age of 32 weeks and more from January 1, 1989 to December 31, 1995. ...
Abdul M A - - 1999
A twenty-year old multiparous woman was admitted to our obstetric unit on February 13th 1998, with features of acute complete puerperal uterine inversion, two hours after twin birth at home. She was resuscitated and the inverted uterus repositioned using Johnson's method under general anaesthesia. The potential of twin birth as ...
Algwiser A - - 1999
A retrospective study of twin births at the Armed Forces Hospital, Riyadh, from January 1987 to December 1996 was carried out. There were 62 739 deliveries and 598 sets of twins. The incidence of twins was one in 105 maternities. The perinatal mortality rate was 46 per 1000 births compared ...
Mizrahi M - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: Multiple pregnancy is one of the major risk factors for preterm births. The aim of the present study was to compare perinatal outcome and peripartum complications between twins and singletons, born preterm. STUDY DESIGN: The study population consisted of preterm deliveries of 435 pairs of twins (870 neonates) and ...
Martin J A - - 1999
This report presents data from U.S. birth certificates on the numbers and rates of twin and triplet and other higher order multiple births for 1980-97. Over the study period, the number of twin births rose 52 percent (from 68,339 to 104,137) and triplet and other higher order multiple births (heretofore ...
Ng K C - - 1999
Chromosomal translocations at t(1;22)(p13;q13) have been reported to occur in a number of infants with acute megakaryoblastic leukemia. A set of female twins with acute megakaryoblastic leukemia are reported with this unique translocation of 1p13 to 22q13. The twins presented at 2 months of age with fever and poor feeding ...
Jaffray B - - 1999
Female omphalopagus twins underwent laparotomy on the second day of life after an antenatally diagnosed high jejunal bowel obstruction. Bowel resection and choldocho-enterostomies were performed. Despite recovery from laparotomy, the development of severe necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in one twin led to rapid deterioration and the death of both infants on ...
Minakami H - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To construct nomograms for birth weight in Japanese twins and to investigate the risk of early neonatal death (death within seven days of birth) in small-for-gestational-age (SGA) and large-for-gestational-age (LGA) twins as compared with appropriate-for-gestational-age (AGA) twins. STUDY DESIGN: Of 89,253 infants born at > or = 24 weeks ...
Minakami H - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of the chorionicity of the placenta on infant outcome at 1 year of age in twin pregnancies. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study and retrospective review of the medical records of 44 monochorionic (MC) and 164 dichorionic (DC) twin gestations that had been followed at our institution ...
Goldsmith H H - - 1999
The authors explored the genetic and environmental underpinnings of individual differences in temperament with a sample of 604 3- to 16-month-old infant twins and their parents. Mothers completed Rothbart's Infant Behavior Questionnaire (IBQ), and a subsample of 140 9-month-old twins participated in behavioral assessment of temperament in the laboratory as ...
Roberts C L - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To develop national charts of birthweight percentiles by gestational age and infant sex for liveborn twins born in Australia. METHODOLOGY: National data on live twin births to non-Indigenous Australian-born mothers during 1991-94 were derived from perinatal data collected by midwives in each State and Territory. RESULTS: During 1991-4 there ...
Platt J S - - 1999
The incidence of higher-order gestations is increasing primarily as a result of menstrual cycle manipulation, with concomitant increased risk in maternal and fetal complications. Perinatal mortality rates range between 47 and 120 per 1000 births for twins and 93 to 203 per 1000 births for triplets. The critical period of ...
Weidner I S - - 1999
PURPOSE: We studied risk factors for cryptorchidism and hypospadias. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a register based, case control study of 6,177 boys with cryptorchidism, 1,345 with hypospadias and 23,273 male controls born live in Denmark from 1983 to 1992 to determine the effects of cryptorchidism and hypospadias on the ...
Dechant J J - - 1999
It has been suggested that craniosynostosis is caused by abnormally located ossification centers (i.e., bony tubers) in the developing skull prior to suture formation [Mathijssen et al., 1996, 1997]. The present study was designed to test this hypothesis in a rabbit model of human familial, nonsyndromic coronal suture (CS) synostosis. ...
Schödel R - - 1999
The quenching of chlorophyll fluorescence by triplets in solubilized trimeric light harvesting complexes was analyzed by comparative pump-probe experiments that monitor with weak 2-ns probe pulses the fluorescence yield and changes of optical density, DeltaOD, induced by 2-ns pump pulses. By using a special array for the measurement of the ...
Honma Y - - 1999
BACKGROUND: The effects of discrepancies in the birth weight and hemoglobin concentration ([Hb]) at the birth on infant outcome have not been fully investigated in monochorionic (MC) and dichorionic (DC) twins. METHODS: A retrospective study of 95 twin pregnancies. All 190 neonates (68 MC twins and 122 DC twins) were ...
Littlefield T R - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: Deformational plagiocephaly refers to the development of an abnormal head shape in infants resulting from externally applied molding forces, which may occur either prenatally or postnatally. We have observed that an unexpectedly high number of multiple-birth infants have presented to our center with this condition. The purposes of this ...
Newman R B RB Division of Maternal and Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina 29425, - - 1999
The aim of the study was to describe risk factors for neonatal death among twins born in South Carolina. South Carolina publicly accessible live birth and infant death cohort files for live-born twins >500 g were reviewed for the years 1988 through 1993. Infants with lethal anomalies were deleted from ...
Orioli I M - - 1999
It was recently shown that hand postaxial polydactyly differed from foot postaxial polydactyly. The aim of this work was to test whether thumb and hallux duplication also had different clinical and epidemiological characteristics, depending on limb involvement. We studied 920 newborn infants with first digit duplication, ascertained among 3,444,374 births ...
Hayakawa M - - 1999
We retrospectively studied 10 cases of twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) with fetal hydrops. TTTS was diagnosed sonographically between the 17-31 weeks of gestation. All twins were delivered by emergency cesarean section because of cardiac decompensation of one or both fetuses. The mean (+/-SD) age at diagnosis was 26.1 +/- 4.5 ...
Pfuhlmann B - - 1999
In the region of Lower Franconia, Germany, all twins born after 1930 and hospitalized for a schizophrenia spectrum psychosis were ascertained in a systematic twin study comprising 22 monozygotic (MZ) and 25 dizygotic (DZ) pairs. One aim of the study was to compare concordance rates between MZ and DZ pairs ...
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