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Schwartz Rachelle A RA Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, St. Luke's-Roosevelt Hospital Center, New York, New - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To evaluate the accuracy of the gestation-adjusted projection method of birth weight prediction, as compared to near delivery ultrasound estimated fetal weight, in a gestational diabetic population. Methods: A retrospective cohort was conducted including all women with gestational diabetes who had an ultrasound estimated fetal weight (EFW) between ...
Tuan Nguyen T NT Alive & Thrive Project, Family Health International 360, Hanoi, Vietnam; tuan_72@yahoo.com - - 2014
Although gaps between breastfeeding awareness and practices have been described, determinants of the gaps have not been well investigated. The aim of this study was to examine determinants of the gap between breastfeeding awareness and practices in Vietnam. We interviewed 10,834 mothers with children aged 0-23 mo in 11 of ...
Berger Sarah E SE The College of Staten Island and the Graduate Center, The City University of New - - 2014
"Cruising" infants can only walk using external support to augment their balance. We examined cruisers' understanding of support for upright locomotion under four conditions: cruising over a wooden handrail at chest height, a large gap in the handrail, a wobbly unstable handrail, and an ill positioned low handrail. Infants distinguished ...
Akpa M R - - 2013
Participation in regular prolonged physical exercise is associated with specific adaptation in cardiac structure and function which could predispose to sudden cardiac death and has been recorded in celebrated cases and with an increasing frequency in recent time especially in Nigerian footballers. There is no policy or strategy in place ...
Lee Shoo K - - 2012
Objective To assess the association between altitudes of neonatal intensive care units (NICU) and the rate of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) and BPD/death in very preterm infants.Study Design Data from infants born at <33 weeks' gestation admitted to Canadian Neonatal Network during 2008 and 2009 were analyzed. The associations between the altitude of ...
van der Lugt N Margreth - - 2012
Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is a frequent complication in preterm infants. Ibuprofen and indomethacin (both COX inhibitors) are used for pharmacological closure of PDA. In most centers, a failed second course of COX inhibitors is followed by surgical closure. Our aim was to estimate the closure rate of clinically significant ...
Sehgal Arvind - - 2012
Presence of symptomatic patent ductus arteriosus is common in small preterm infants and ibuprofen is commonly used for its medical closure. While efficacy is comparable to indomethacin, there are few case reports of severe hypoxemia and pulmonary hypertension following prophylactic ibuprofen administration. Cumulative dose effects and chemical composition may be ...
Tinner Eva Maria - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of paracetamol (acetaminophen) for neonatal pain relief. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized, double-blind placebo-controlled trial in 3 Swiss university hospitals. Term and near-term infants (n = 123) delivered by forceps or vacuum were randomized to receive 2 suppositories with paracetamol (60/80/100 mg in infants <3000 g/3000-4000 g/>4000 g birth ...
Vinall Jillian - - 2012
Procedural pain is associated with poorer neurodevelopment in infants born very preterm (⩽32weeks gestational age), however, the etiology is unclear. Animal studies have demonstrated that early environmental stress leads to slower postnatal growth; however, it is unknown whether neonatal pain-related stress affects postnatal growth in infants born very preterm. The ...
Olukman Ozgur - - 2012
Objective.  Intravenous ibuprofen is an expensive drug that is being used currently for treating and preventing patent ductus arteriosus. Although oral ibuprofen is much cheaper, there is limited data published about its safety and efficacy. The aim of this study was to compare two forms of ibuprofen in terms of ...
Castellanos Maria Ana Martínez - - 2012
PURPOSE: To evaluate the physiological and behavioral pain response in premature infants receiving intravitreal bevacizumab injection (IVB) for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) under topical anesthesia. METHODS: A prospective interventional non-comparative case series. Premature infants with high-risk prethreshold or threshold ROP received IVB using topical anesthesia with tetracaine eye drops. A ...
Cong Xiaomei - - 2012
The purpose of this randomized crossover trial was to determine the effects on autonomic responses in preterm infants of longer Kangaroo Care (30 minutes, KC30) and shorter KC (15 minutes, KC15) before and throughout heel stick compared with incubator care (IC). Beat-to-beat heart rate (HR) and spectral power analysis of ...
Racine Nicole M - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the associations between caregiver verbal reassurance and infant pain-related distress during immunization over the first year of life. The relationships between verbal reassurance and caregiver emotional availability (EA) were also examined. Finally, EA was investigated as a moderator of the relationship between verbal reassurance and infant ...
Nimbalkar Somashekhar M - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To determine the effect of Kangaroo Mother Care (KMC) of small duration of 15 min in decreasing pain in preterm neonates between 32-36 wk 6 d on heel prick by a 26 gauge needle. METHODS: Randomized controlled double masked crossover trial involving 50 neonates, between 32 wk and 36 wk 6 d gestation and weighing ...
Amendolia Barbara - - 2012
Persistently patent ductus arteriosus (PDA), affecting approximately one-third of all very low birth weight infants, can lead to significant morbidity and mortality. Recently, ibuprofen has been recommended over indomethacin to close PDAs because of a reduction in risk of necrotizing enterocolitis. Pulmonary hypertension is a rare but potentially fatal complication ...
Gray Larry L Department of Pediatrics, University of Chicago Comer Children's Hospital, Chicago, IL 60637, USA. - - 2012
This study identifies a behavioral and nonpharmacologic means of preventing and reducing newborn pain. Our objective was to determine whether warmth is analgesic in newborn infants undergoing vaccination-a routine painful hospital procedure. We used a prospective randomized controlled trial of 47 healthy full-term newborn infants. Infants were randomized into 1 ...
Neumann Roland - - 2012
Background: Pharmacological closure of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is commonly achieved by intravenous (IV) administration of ibuprofen or indomethacin. Occasionally, oral ibuprofen is used for PDA treatment although its efficacy and safety are unclear. Objectives: To systematically review randomized and quasi-randomized trials comparing oral ibuprofen with IV ibuprofen or IV ...
Sistonen J - - 2012
Substantial variation exists in response to standard doses of codeine ranging from poor analgesia to life-threatening central nervous system (CNS) depression. We aimed to discover the genetic markers predictive of codeine toxicity by evaluating the associations between polymorphisms in cytochrome P450 2D6 (CYP2D6), UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2B7 (UGT2B7), P-glycoprotein (ABCB1), mu-opioid receptor ...
Brummelte Susanne - - 2012
Preterm infants are exposed to multiple painful procedures in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) during a period of rapid brain development. Our aim was to examine relationships between procedural pain in the NICU and early brain development in very preterm infants. Infants born very preterm (N=86; 24-32 weeks gestational ...
Bellieni Carlo Valerio - - 2012
Abstract Introduction. Sensorial saturation (SS) is a multisensorial stimulation consisting of delicate tactile, gustative, auditory and visual stimuli. This procedure consists of simultaneously: attracting the infant's attention by massaging the infant's face; speaking to the infant gently, but firmly, and instilling a sweet solution on the infant's tongue. Methods. We ...
Franck Linda S - - 2012
Background: New findings are emerging about parental perceptions and desires for involvement in infant pain management in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) setting, and the importance of building greater knowledge about this aspect of the patient care is beginning to be appreciated. Objectives: The study had two aims: (a) ...
Sosenko Ilene R S - - 2012
To determine whether "early" ibuprofen treatment, at the onset of subtle patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) symptoms, would improve respiratory outcome in premature infants compared with "expectant" management, with ibuprofen treatment only when the PDA becomes hemodynamically significant (HS). We conducted a randomized double-blind controlled trial of infants with gestational ages ...
Walter E - - 2012
OBJECTIVES:Parenteral nutrition (PN) is critical in neonatal and pediatric care for patients unable to tolerate enteral feeding. This study assessed the total costs of compounding PN therapy for neonates, infants and children.METHODS:Face-to-face and telephone interviews were conducted in 12 hospitals across four European countries (Belgium, France, Germany and UK) to ...
De Curtis Mario - - 2012
Although great efforts have been made to improve neonatal nutrition in very low birthweight (VLBW) infants, many do not receive adequate nutrient intake and thus develop extrauterine growth restriction. In order to minimize the interruption of nutrients that occurs at birth, an "aggressive" nutritional approach has been proposed. Parenteral nutrition, ...
Weitzman Rabbi Gideon - - 2012
Jewish law covers all aspects of the Orthodox Jew's life, including questions of life and death. Talmudic texts already discussed the status of the newborn infant and this serves as a guide in modern times when faced with complex questions of withdrawing life from such infants when it is deemed ...
Spatz Diane - - 2012
Infants born with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) often require extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). Infants on ECMO may experience a long period of being nothing by mouth (NPO) while receiving parenteral nutrition. Once the infant with CDH is repaired and off ECMO, human milk should be used to initiate enteral feedings. ...
Hawton Keith K Centre for Suicide Research, University of Oxford Department of Psychiatry, Warneford Hospital, Headington, Oxford, UK. - - 2012
The analgesic co-proxamol (paracetamol/dextropropoxyphene combination) has been widely involved in fatal poisoning. Concerns about its safety/effectiveness profile and widespread use for suicidal poisoning prompted its withdrawal in the UK in 2005, with partial withdrawal between 2005 and 2007, and full withdrawal in 2008. Our objective in this study was to ...
Valeri B O - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The biobehavioural pain reactivity and recovery of preterm infants in the neonatal period may reflect the capacity of the central nervous system to regulate neurobiological development. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to analyse the influence of the neonatal clinical risk for illness severity on biobehavioural pain ...
Enweronu-Laryea Christabel C - - 2011
Malnutrition in preterm low birth weight infants has adverse long-term metabolic, growth, and neurodevelopmental effects. In the past 3 decades, parenteral nutrition, enriched preterm formula, and fortification of human milk have been used to alleviate these adverse effects. Unfortified human breast milk does not provide sufficient nutrients for the growth ...
Thakur S K - - 2011
Background/Objectives:Low birth weight (LBW), defined as the body weight at birth of less than 2500 g, is a major public health problem in Bangladesh, where 37% of the babies are born with LBW. The objective of this study is to see the impact of nutrition education on growth of LBW babies ...
Dykes Fiona - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: the aim of this study was to explore and contextualise meanings, beliefs and practices surrounding maternal and infant nutrition in North West Pakistan and to use the findings to inform the development of a nutritional improvement programme adapted to local needs. DESIGN: the Context-Mechanism-Outcome framework was used to gather ...
Corkins Mark R - - 2011
Copper is an essential trace mineral but both deficiency and toxicity need to be avoided. Copper is regulated via excretion by the biliary system and caution was recommended when administered in patients with cholestasis. Recent clinical reports indicate that despite the cholestasis, copper should not be withheld from parenteral nutrition. ...
Liaw Jen-Jiuan - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Preterm infants' repeated exposure to painful procedures may contribute to negative consequences. Thus, improving preterm infants' neurodevelopmental outcomes requires prioritising their pain management. OBJECTIVES: To compare the effectiveness of two non-pharmacological pain-relief strategies (non-nutritive sucking and facilitated tucking) with routine care on preterm infants' pain, behavioural, and physiological responses ...
Cober Mary Petrea - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that implementation of a marked reduction in intravenous fat will result in reversal of parenteral nutrition-associated liver disease (PNALD) in infants. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study of intravenous fat emulsion reduction in parenteral nutrition to 1 g/kg/d 2 times per week in neonates diagnosed with PNALD. ...
Straub Niels - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The reported effect sizes of early nutrition programming on long-term health outcomes are often small, and it has been questioned whether early interventions would be worthwhile in enhancing public health. OBJECTIVE: We explored the possible health economic consequences of early nutrition programming by performing a model calculation, based on ...
Hanson Corrine - - 2011
Background: Extrauterine growth restriction (EUGR; weight ≤10th percentile) affects many infants ≤1500 g birth weight (BW). EUGR is associated with poor neurodevelopmental outcomes. The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of optimizing nutrition administration in infants ≤1500 g. Methods: A retrospective chart review compared infants ≤1500 g ...
Goudet Sophie - - 2011
Maternal nutritional status is a determinant of child health. This paper studies the association between a mother's body mass index (BMI) and her infant's nutritional status over a one year time frame after the 1998 flood crisis in Bangladesh. The paper uses secondary analysis of data collected from 757 households ...
Perger Lena - - 2011
Torsion of an otherwise normal appendix vermiformis is exceedingly rare and usually presents with symptoms consistent with acute appendicitis. We present the unusual case of an infant girl who was admitted with right lower quadrant pain and focal peritonitis who was found to have appendiceal torsion on laparoscopy. An 11-week-old ...
Shelor C Phillip - - 2011
Iodine is an essential micronutrient especially important in the neurodevelopment of infants. Spot samples of urinary iodine (UI) are used as an epidemiologic index of adult iodine nutrition. Individual infant iodine nutrition is of vital importance but infant urine is difficult to collect, much less a 24-h sample. Monitoring the ...
Civardi Elisa - - 2011
Preterm birth is the leading cause of perinatal morbility and mortality in developed countries. Many innovation in neonatology have raised survival rates in the two past decades, but despite progress in neonatal intensive care, nutrition and growth of preterm infants are still critical points for neonatologists around the world and ...
Rigo Jacques - - 2011
OBJECTIVES:: To evaluate the efficacy, safety, flexibility, and ease of handling and use of the Ped3CB-A 300 mL, the first ready-to-use multi-chamber parenteral nutrition system, with optional lipid bag activation, specially designed for administration to preterm infants. METHODS:: In this prospective, open-label, multicenter, non-comparative, Phase III clinical trial, preterm infants were ...
Senterre Thibault - - 2011
Aim:  To evaluate the influence of gestational age on cumulative nutritional deficit and postnatal growth in extremely preterm infants after optimizing nutritional protocol as recently recommended. Methods:  A prospective non randomized observational study in extremely preterm (EPT,<28 wks) and very preterm (VPT,28-30wks) infants. Results:  84 infants were included (BW: 978 ...
Radlovic Nedeljko P - - 2011
We report two infants with celiac crisis who continued to have persistent secretory diarrhea despite gluten and lactose free diet and supportive parenteral nutrition. The children were given corticosteroid therapy. After a five-day oral prednisone in the dose of 2 mg/kg/daily, both patients rapidly recovered.
Fernandes Priscila Castro Cordeiro - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to establish the late onset sepsis (LOS) rate of our service, characterize the intestinal microbiota and evaluate a possible association between gut flora and sepsis in surgical infants who were receiving parenteral nutrition (PN). METHODS: Surveillance cultures of the gut were taken at ...
Howley Lisa W - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The benefits of early enteral feeding in neonates are well known and yet the optimal pre-operative nutrition of prostaglandin-dependent infants with congenital cardiac disease remains ill-defined. This survey delineates international nutritional practices and trends with this population.Materials and methodsPaediatric practitioners responded to an Internet-based survey that explored assessment of ...
Radhakrishnan J - - 2011
Pierre Robin Sequence is a congenital condition involving a combination of micrognathia and glossoptosis with or without a cleft palate. Feeding problems are often associated with cleft anamoly which make it difficult for the infant to maintain adequate nutrition. Here we present a case of 58-day-old neonate with Pierre Robin ...
Lin H J - - 2011
A 1890-g newborn on total parenteral nutrition (TPN) had phenylalanine levels reaching 4164 μM indicating phenylketonuria (PKU). Review of 64 PKU cases from the California Newborn Screening Program disclosed another newborn diagnosed while on TPN. Phenylalanine levels rose five times faster with TPN, as estimated from rates in these infants. Thus, ...
Moon Jin Soo - - 2011
Breastfeeding is the best source of nutrition for every infant, and exclusive breastfeeding for 6 months is usually optimal in the common clinical situation. However, inappropriate complementary feeding could lead to a nutrient-deficient status, such as iron deficiency anemia, vitamin D deficiency, and growth faltering. The recent epidemic outbreak of ...
Sebayang S K - - 2011
Background/Objective:Low birthweight (LBW) and intrauterine growth restriction are linked with maternal nutritional status during pregnancy, and maternal supplementation with multiple micronutrients (MMNs) is reported to increase birthweight. Responses to MMN, however, might be modified by maternal nutrition.Subjects/Methods:To examine the differential effects of maternal nutritional status on birthweight responses to prenatal ...
Cormack Barbara E - - 2011
Background:  Following publication of revised recommended nutrient intakes (RNI) for infants <1500 g, our intravenous nutrition (IVN) solutions were reformulated to deliver RNI in a restricted volume to ensure additional non-nutritional fluids did not detract from nutritional intake. An audit was performed to determine whether these changes achieved RNI and influenced ...
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