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de Zegher Francis F Department of Pediatric Endocrinology (F.d.Z.), University Hospital Gasthuisberg, 3000 Leuven, Belgium; Hospital Sant Joan de Déu (M.P.-C., M.D., M.D.G.-R., L.I.), University of Barcelona, 08950 Esplugues, Barcelona, Spain; Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Diabetes y Enfermedades Metabólicas Asociadas (M.D., L.I.), Instituto de Salud Carlos III, 28029 Madrid, Spain; Department of Pediatrics (A.L.-B.), Dr Josep Trueta Hospital, and Girona Institute for Biomedical Research, 17007 Girona, - - 2014
Context and Objective: Sexagenarians born large are at lower risk for type 2 diabetes than those born small, a key feature of their body composition being a higher muscle mass, which explains their higher body mass index and also their lower fat to lean mass ratio. Myogenesis is completed in ...
Calton M M Department of Psychology, The University of Memphis, 400 Innovation Drive, Memphis, TN, 38152, - - 2014
Impaired responsivity to hypercapnia or hypoxia is commonly considered a mechanism of failure in sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). The search for deficient brain structures mediating flawed chemosensitivity typically focuses on medullary regions; however, a network that includes Purkinje cells of the cerebellar cortex and its associated cerebellar nuclei also ...
Chawla Reeti R Division of Pediatric Endocrinology, Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL.; Department of Preventive Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL. Currently PhD Candidate University of Washington.; Department of Preventive Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL.; Division of Endocrinology, Metabolism & Molecular Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, - - 2014
Context: Macrosomic infants are at increased risk for adverse metabolic outcomes. Improving prediction of large for gestational age (LGA) birth may help prevent these outcomes. Objective: To determine if genes associated with obesity-related traits in adults are associated with newborn size, and whether a genetic risk score (GRS) predicts LGA ...
Araki Shunsuke S Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, Kitakyushu, Japan; Center of Maternal, Fetal and Neonatal Medicine, University of Occupational and Environmental Health Hospital, Kitakyushu, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Protein convertase subtilisin/Kexin type-9 (PCSK9) is a substantial player in lipoprotein metabolism. This study was designed to elucidate the role of PCSK9 in the regulation of lipoprotein during the fetal period. This study was a cross-sectional study. Eighty-one neonates (45 males, 36 females) who were admitted to the neonatal intensive ...
Robertson-Smith J J Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Dunedin Hospital, Dunedin, New - - 2014
Objective:To evaluate accuracy of mid-forehead (MFH) thermometry compared with digital axilla (DAT) temperatures in infants in newborn intensive care.Study design:A comparative study of MFH and DAT temperatures of newborn infants receiving tertiary-level intensive care. All admissions were considered and the following exclusion criteria applied: 'in extremis', hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy or ...
Davis Jonathan J 1Regional Neonatal Unit, St. Michael's Hospital, St. Michael's Hospital, University Hospitals Bristol Foundation Trust. 2Microbiology, Belfast Health and Social Services Trust. 3Royal Jubilee Maternity Hospital, Belfast Health and Social Services Trust. 4Royal Belfast Hospital for Sick Children, Belfast Health and Social Services Trust, 5Centre for Infection & Immunity, Queens University of - - 2014
Approximately 5-6% of all infective episodes in NICU are of viral origin. Previous studies suggest that human parechovirus (HPeV) infection presents most commonly in term infants, as a sepsis-like syndrome in which meningoencephalitis is prominent. Our aim was to study the infection rate and associated features of HPeV. Blood samples ...
Woldu Kristal L KL Department of Pediatrics, Columbia University, NewYork-Presbyterian Morgan Stanley Children's Hospital, New York, New - - 2014
Optimal timing for total repair in tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) is controversial. We aimed to determine if weight at 1 year differs between patients who undergo neonatal total repair versus those who undergo nonneonatal total repair later in the first year of life. A retrospective review of infants admitted with ...
Hair Amy B AB US Department of Agriculture (USDA)/Agricultural Research Service (ARS), Children's Nutrition Research Center, Section of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, Texas Children's Hospital, Houston, TX. Electronic address: - - 2014
To evaluate whether premature infants who received an exclusive human milk (HM)-based diet and a HM-derived cream supplement (cream) would have weight gain (g/kg/d) at least as good as infants receiving a standard feeding regimen (control). In a prospective noninferiority, randomized, unmasked study, infants with a birth weight 750-1250 g were ...
Fares Samira S El Manar University, Faculty of Medicine of Tunis, UR05/08-08, LR99ES11, Department of Biochemistry, Rabta Hospital , 1007 Tunis, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To look at changes in plasma vitamin A, E and D concentrations during the early postnatal life and to study their link with growth and mortality in Tunisian very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. Patients and methods: A cohort of 607 VLBW infants had been followed from birth ...
Pavey Ashleigh R AR Department of Pediatrics, Walter Reed National Military Medical Center, Bethesda, MD. Electronic address: - - 2014
To determine the effect of intimate partner violence (IPV) on birth outcomes and infant hospitalization. Hospitalization records for the first 4 months of life for infants born in the Military Health System in 2006-2007 were linked to Family Advocacy Program-substantiated cases of IPV among military parents. Adverse outcomes were identified using ...
Kosinska-Kaczynska Katarzyna K 1st Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology,Medical University of Warsaw,Starynkiewicza - - 2014
The study aimed at investigating the impact of late prematurity (LPT) on neonatal outcome in twins and neonatal morbidity and mortality within LPT with regard to the completed weeks of gestation. The study was conducted in six tertiary obstetric departments from different provinces of Poland (Warsaw, Lublin, Poznan, Wroclaw, Bytom). ...
Louis Deepak D Newborn Unit, Department of Pediatrics, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India. Correspondence to: Dr Venkataseshan Sundaram, Assistant Professor, Newborn Unit, Department of Pediatrics, PGIMER, Chandigarh 160 012, India. - - 2014
To identify risk factors for mortality in neonates with meconium aspiration syndrome. All neonates (2004-2010) with meconium aspiration syndrome, irrespective of gestation were included. Risk factors were compared between those who died and survived. Out of 172 included neonates, 44 (26%) died. Mean (SD) gestation and birth weight were 37.9 ...
Gur Ilan I Neonatology Intensive Care Unit, Bikur Holim Hospital, Shaare Zedek Medical Center, Jerusalem; *Department of Clinical Microbiology and Immunology, Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv; #Department of Pediatrics, Safra Children's Hospital, Sheba Medical Center, Tel-Hashomer, Ramat-Gan, and $Department of Neonatology, Bnai Zion Medical Center, Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, Technion, Haifa; Israel. Correspondence to: Dr Arieh Riskin, Department of Neonatology, Bnai-Zion Medical Center, 47 Golomb Street, P.O.B. 4940, Haifa 31048, Israel. - - 2014
To study the diagnostic ability of RALIS (computerized mathematical algorithm and continuous monitoring device) to detect late onset sepsis among very low birth weight preterm neonates. Randomly chosen 24 very low birth weight infants with proven sepsis were compared to 22 infants without sepsis. The clinical parameters were retrospectively collected ...
Cheong Clara Y CY Singapore Institute for Clinical Sciences, Agency for Science Technology and Research (A*STAR), Singapore, - - 2014
CXCL14 is a chemokine that has previously been implicated in insulin resistance in mice. In humans, the role of CXCL14 in metabolic processes is not well established, and we sought to determine whether CXCL14 is a risk susceptibility gene important in fetal programming of metabolic disease. For this purpose, we ...
Barak S S 1] Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The Lis Maternity Hospital, Tel Aviv-Sourasky Medical Center, Tel Aviv, Israel [2] The Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv, - - 2014
Objective:To examine the hypothesis that maternal body mass index (BMI) (an index of maternal adiposity) correlates with cord blood concentrations of erythropoietin (EPO).Study design:Cross-sectional cohort study of consecutively born singleton term healthy infants born to mothers with various BMIs. Excluded were infants with major factors known to be associated with ...
Johnson J J Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, - - 2014
Objective:To describe the characteristics of small for gestational age (SGA) and non-SGA infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) and to ascertain whether respiratory outcomes and health-care utilization patterns in these two populations differ.Study Design:Three hundred and twenty-five infants with BPD born at <32 weeks gestation were recruited in the outpatient setting. ...
Kohda Chikara C Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Showa University School of Medicine, 1-5-8 Hatanodai, Shinagawa-ku, Tokyo 142-8555. Electronic address: - - 2014
Human cytomegalovirus (CMV) is the most common cause of infection-related congenital abnormalities in neonates and the leading cause of non-hereditary sensorineural hearing loss in childhood. In addition, the number of low-birth-weight infants has recently increased, especially in Japan, in association with an increasing frequency of postnatal CMV infections transferred through ...
Kato Eiji - - 2014
Abstract As the effects of supplementary oxygen on urinary excretion of 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) are poorly understood, urinary 8-OHdG levels (ng/mg creatinine) were determined longitudinally on postnatal day (PND) 1, 3, and 30 in 16 neonates with birth weight <1000 g. No supplementary oxygen was required in 9 neonates during the ...
Kamudoni P P Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo, - - 2014
Objectives:To examine the association between breastfeeding pattern and growth in the first year of life.Methods:A cross-sectional survey was carried out on 349 mothers with infants <12 months in a rural and a semi-urban community in Mangochi district, Malawi. Data on socio-demographic characteristics, infant weight, length and feeding patterns since birth ...
Robledo Candace A CA Division of Intramural Population Health Research, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Rockville, Maryland, - - 2014
Background: Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) are developmental toxicants but the impact of both maternal and paternal exposures on offspring birth size is largely unexplored. Objective: To examine associations between maternal and paternal serum concentrations of 63 POPs, comprising five major classes of pollutants, with birth size measures. Methods: Parental serum ...
Wells Jonathan Ck JC Childhood Nutrition Research Centre, UCL Institute of Child Health, 30 Guilford Street, London WC1N 1EH, Tel: +442079052389, Fax: +442078319903, Email: Jonathan.Wells@ucl.ac.uk - - 2014
Developmental plasticity underlies widespread associations between early-life exposures and many components of adult phenotype, including the risk of chronic diseases. Humans take almost two decades to reach reproductive maturity, and yet the 'critical windows' of physiological sensitivity that confer developmental plasticity tend to close during fetal life or infancy. While ...
Roy Priyamvada P Department of Microbiology, University College of Medical Sciences and Guru Teg Bahadur Hospital, Dilshad Garden, Delhi 110095, India - - 2014
Various studies conducted worldwide have shown that male neonates have higher rates of mortality and morbidity in the perinatal period compared with females. However, there has been only one study from India on this subject. Therefore, this study was conducted to establish the difference in mortality between males and females ...
Gey A A Department of Dermatology and Pediatric Dermatology; National Centre for Rare Skin Disorders, Hôpital Pellegrin and University of Bordeaux, Inserm U1035, Bordeaux, - - 2014
Infantile haemangiomas (IHs) are more frequent in low birth weight babies, especially premature. To compare the characteristics of infants with IHs who stayed in neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) vs. those with IHs who did not. Prospective observational multicentric study. Consecutive infants consulting for IHs in two departments of paediatric ...
Vasak B B Department of Obstetrics, University Medical Center Utrecht, Lundlaan 6, 3508, AB, the - - 2014
Use of fetal growth charts assumes that optimal size at birth is at the 50th centile. The interaction between maternal constraint and risks associated with size at birth may indicate that this assumption is not valid for perinatal mortality. Data of over 1 million births between 28 and 43 weeks gestation from ...
Tatwavedi Dharamveer D St. John's Medical College, Bangalore, India, - - 2014
The objectives were to estimate the incidence of inadequate placement of the endotracheal tube (ET) using Tochen's formula (6 + birth weight) and to correlate optimum ET length with anthropometric measurements in neonates. A cross-sectional analytical study was conducted in 50 neonates. Neonates requiring intubation for ventilation, with a confirmatory chest radiograph, ...
Mohammad K K Maternal and Child Health and Midwifery Department, Faculty of Nursing, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, - - 2014
Birth weight is a good indicator of mothers' and neonates' nutritional status, and it contributes to the newborn baby's survival, health, growth and development. This study identified social factors associated with differences in the mean birth weight of newborn babies in Jordan. This retrospective study analysed medical records to determine ...
Black Allison K AK 1 Kosair Charities Pediatric Heart Research Program, Cardiovascular Innovation Institute , Louisville, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: Infants with "single ventricle" congenital heart disease are at high risk for sudden death following palliative surgical management. We developed a pilot telemedicine project to evaluate the feasibility of using Web-based daily reporting of clinical data with the goal of reducing unexpected admissions and sudden death. Subjects and ...
Leonard Stephanie A SA Division of Epidemiology, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA. Electronic address: - - 2014
To describe the postpartum health of predominantly Hispanic participants in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) and identify how health characteristics differ between mothers who delivered preterm or low birth weight infants and those who did not. Cross-sectional survey among postpartum WIC mothers. Los Angeles ...
Shinya Yuta Y Graduate School of Education, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Tokyo, - - 2014
Human infant crying has been researched as a non-invasive tool for assessing neurophysiological states at an early developmental stage. Little is known about the acoustic features of spontaneous cries in preterm infants, although their pain-induced cries are at a higher fundamental frequency (F0) before term-equivalent age. In this study, we ...
Zhu Jia-Jun JJ Department of Neonatology, Women's Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou, 310006, - - 2014
To compare neonatal mortality and neurodevelopmental outcomes at two years of age in very low birth weight infants (≤1500 g) born by cesarean with those by vaginal delivery. In this retrospective, case-control study, we evaluated neonatal mortality, medical conditions and neurodevelopmental outcomes at two years of corrected age in 710 ...
Pourcyrous M M *Pediatrics †Obstetrics & Gynecology ‡Physiology University of Tennessee Health Sciences Center, Memphis, TN §School of Public Health, University of Memphis, Memphis, TN ||Health and Sport Sciences, University of Memphis, Memphis, - - 2014
In preterm infants, the metabolic responses of gastrointestinal (GI) bacteria to different diets are poorly understood despite the possible impacts on GI health. Therefore, we tested the hypothesis that diet influences bacterial metabolism by measuring short chain fatty acids (SCFA) in stool samples from very low birth weight (VLBW) preterm ...
Eriksen Helle Brander HB Research Center for Vitamins and Vaccines (CVIVA), Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark; Department of Clinical Microbiology, Copenhagen University Hospital, Hvidovre, Denmark. Electronic address: - - 2014
To study the effect of gestational and perinatal exposures on thymic size in 366 normal birth weight and 426 low birth weight (LBW) neonates in Guinea-Bissau in West Africa. In a cross-sectional study, thymic size was measured at birth by the use of ultrasound. Information on possible determinants was collected ...
Laurent Olivier O Program in Public Health, 653 East Peltason Drive, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697-3957, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Low birth weight (LBW, <2500g) has been associated with exposure to air pollution, but it is still unclear which sources or components of air pollution might be in play. The association between ultrafine particles and LBW has never been studied. To study the relationships between LBW in term born infants ...
Mian Qaasim N QN Neonatal Research Unit, Royal Alexandra Hospital, Edmonton, Canada; Department of Pediatrics, University of Alberta, Edmonton, - - 2014
To describe changes in tidal volume (VT) and their correlation to changes in oxygen saturation and heart rate in spontaneously breathing preterm infants immediately after birth. In this prospective observational, 2-center study, a flow sensor was attached to the facemask of spontaneously breathing infants born at <37 weeks' gestational age who ...
Souza Rugolo Ligia Maria Suppo de LM Department of Pediatrics, Botucatu School of Medicine, Sao Paulo State University-UNESP, Botucatu, SP, Brazil - - 2014
Late-onset sepsis (LOS) is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. To determine the incidence, risk factors and etiology of LOS. LOS was investigated in a multicenter prospective cohort of infants at eight public university neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). Inclusion criteria included ...
Todorova-Christova M M National center of infectious and parasitic diseases, 26, Yanko Sakazov boulevard, 1504 Sofia, Bulgaria. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study examines neonatal group B streptococcal (GBS) colonization and its relation to early-onset GBS disease (EOGBSD), based upon the experience of leading obstetrics and gynecology centers in Bulgaria. The objectives of the study were to update neonatal colonization rates and to assess relationships between clinically differentiated cases (culture-proven GBS ...
Port Alexander D AD Department of Ophthalmology, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, NY, - - 2014
To investigate the characteristics of outlier infants for insights into ROP risk. Chart data were collected from 1,354 infants screened for ROP at Weill Cornell Medical Center and Columbia University Medical Center. ROP exam results and clinical risk factors were recorded. The cohort was stratified by weight, highest ROP stage, ...
Eldar-Geva Talia T Reproductive Endocrinology and Genetics Unit, IVF Unit, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Shaare Zedek Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel; Faculty of Medicine, Hebrew University, Jerusalem, Israel. Electronic address: - - 2014
To examine whether embryo biopsy for preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) influences neonatal outcomes. Prospective follow-up cohort. Tertiary university-affiliated medical center. 242 children born after PGD, 242 children born after intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) (158 singletons and 42 twins pairs in each group), and 733 children born after a spontaneous conception ...
Kurtyka Karen K Department of Epidemiology, Rutgers School of Public Health, 683 Hoes Lane West, Room 221, Piscataway, NJ, 08854, - - 2014
The study determined the incidence of low birth weight (LBW), small for gestational age (SGA), preterm birth, and perinatal morbidity among Asian Indians (AI) in New Jersey (NJ), as well as identified predictors of SGA. We analyzed birth records for singletons born to mothers identified as AI and non-Hispanic white ...
Husebye Elisabeth Synnøve ES Department of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway; - - 2014
Evaluate the effect of an evolving targeted program to encourage mothers to provide own milk (MM) to their very low birth weight (VLBW) infants in a traditional open-bay NICU.METHODS: Retrospective review of medical records on all VLBW infants (birth weight <1500 g) born in a geographical region of Norway in ...
Gulati Shilpa S W.K. Kellogg Eye Center, Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Michigan, Ann - - 2014
Strabismus causes irreversible vision loss if not detected and treated early. It is unclear whether birth weight (BW) and gestational age (GA) are risk factors for strabismus. To estimate the effect of BW and GA on the likelihood of premature infants developing strabismus. In this longitudinal cohort analysis, we monitored ...
Wooldridge Jamie L JL *Saint Louis University School of Medicine, Cardinal Glennon Children's Medical Center, St. Louis, Missouri, United States †Division of Pulmonology/Allergy, Nemours Children's Clinic, Jacksonville, Florida, United States ‡Aptalis Pharma US, Inc., Bridgewater, New Jersey, United - - 2014
The objective was to determine whether infants with CF, who developed EPI in early infancy, would tolerate long-term treatment with ZENPEP (pancrelipase) delayed-release capsules, containing 3000 USP units of lipase/capsule and demonstrate consistent long-term growth. The most common TEAEs were diarrhea, vomiting, and constipation (mild or moderate). At study completion, ...
Paul Ian M - - 2014
Because early life growth has long-lasting metabolic and behavioral consequences, intervention during this period of developmental plasticity may alter long-term obesity risk. While modifiable factors during infancy have been identified, until recently, preventive interventions had not been tested. The Intervention Nurses Starting Infants Growing on Healthy Trajectories (INSIGHT) Study is ...
Richards Robyn R Newborn Care, Liverpool Hospital, Locked Bag 7103, South Western Sydney Area Health Service, Liverpool, NSW, Australia, - - 2014
Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease is a particularly common condition in preterm and low birth weight infants. These infants are also more likely to have excessive regurgitation, as they do not have a fully developed antireflux mechanism. Preterm and low birth weight infants who are unable to suck oral feeds are required ...
Davis Regina R RR Regina R. Davis, Sandra L. Hofferth, and Edmond D. Shenassa are with the Department of Family Science, Maternal and Child Health Program, University of Maryland School of Public Health, College Park. Regina R. Davis is also with the American Public Health Association, Washington, - - 2014
We thank Hutcheon et al. for commenting on our article.(1) We are in agreement regarding the potential pitfalls of "collider stratification bias,"(2) which is conditioning analyses on a variable that is the common effect of multiple causes (e.g., in the case of our article, conditioning on gestational age when assessing ...
Hutcheon Jennifer A JA Jennifer A. Hutcheon is with the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver. Lisa M. Bodnar is with the Departments of Epidemiology and Obstetrics, Gynaecology and Reproductive Sciences, University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health and School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA. Barbara Abrams is with the Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of California, - - 2014
Davis et al.(1) analyzed data from the Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System and observed that women who gained less weight during pregnancy than recommended by the Institute of Medicine (IOM)(2) were more likely to experience an infant death than were women who gained within IOM recommended ranges. We would like ...
Rios Danielle R DR Section of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, Texas Children's Hospital, Houston, TX. Electronic address: - - 2014
To determine trends in pharmacotherapy for neonatal hypotension in all infants and in extremely low birth weight (ELBW, birth weight 300-1000 g) infants. We queried the Pediatric Health Information System database for all infants ≤28 days with a diagnosis code for hypotension that were discharged between January 2001 and December 2012. Patients ...
van Vonderen Jeroen J JJ Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
To assess the clinical effect of an initial sustained inflation of 10 seconds and 25 cmH2O in preterm infants at birth. In this observational study inflation pressures and tidal volumes were recorded with the use of respiratory function monitoring of preterm infants <32 weeks' gestation receiving a sustained inflation. Inspiratory tidal volume ...
Turcotte Lucie M LM Division of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, - - 2014
Hepatoblastoma is a malignancy of young children. Low birth weight is associated with significantly increased risk of hepatoblastoma and neonatal medical exposures are hypothesized as contributors. This study represents the largest case-control study of hepatoblastoma to date and aimed to define the role of neonatal exposures in hepatoblastoma risk among ...
Englund A A Faculty of Health, University of Copenhagen, - - 2014
Low citrulline concentration is a marker of low functional enterocyte mass, which may predispose neonates to necrotising enterocolitis (NEC). We hypothesised that citrulline could be used to assess the NEC risk that could not be accounted for by gestational age and birth weight. This study investigated whether citrulline concentrations routinely ...
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