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Mian Qaasim N QN Neonatal Research Unit, Royal Alexandra Hospital, Edmonton, Canada; Department of Pediatrics, University of Alberta, Edmonton, - - 2014
To describe changes in tidal volume (VT) and their correlation to changes in oxygen saturation and heart rate in spontaneously breathing preterm infants immediately after birth. In this prospective observational, 2-center study, a flow sensor was attached to the facemask of spontaneously breathing infants born at <37 weeks' gestational age who ...
Souza Rugolo Ligia Maria Suppo de LM Department of Pediatrics, Botucatu School of Medicine, Sao Paulo State University-UNESP, Botucatu, SP, Brazil - - 2014
Late-onset sepsis (LOS) is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. To determine the incidence, risk factors and etiology of LOS. LOS was investigated in a multicenter prospective cohort of infants at eight public university neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). Inclusion criteria included ...
Todorova-Christova M M National center of infectious and parasitic diseases, 26, Yanko Sakazov boulevard, 1504 Sofia, Bulgaria. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study examines neonatal group B streptococcal (GBS) colonization and its relation to early-onset GBS disease (EOGBSD), based upon the experience of leading obstetrics and gynecology centers in Bulgaria. The objectives of the study were to update neonatal colonization rates and to assess relationships between clinically differentiated cases (culture-proven GBS ...
Port Alexander D AD Department of Ophthalmology, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, NY, - - 2014
To investigate the characteristics of outlier infants for insights into ROP risk. Chart data were collected from 1,354 infants screened for ROP at Weill Cornell Medical Center and Columbia University Medical Center. ROP exam results and clinical risk factors were recorded. The cohort was stratified by weight, highest ROP stage, ...
Eldar-Geva Talia T Reproductive Endocrinology and Genetics Unit, IVF Unit, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Shaare Zedek Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel; Faculty of Medicine, Hebrew University, Jerusalem, Israel. Electronic address: - - 2014
To examine whether embryo biopsy for preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) influences neonatal outcomes. Prospective follow-up cohort. Tertiary university-affiliated medical center. 242 children born after PGD, 242 children born after intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) (158 singletons and 42 twins pairs in each group), and 733 children born after a spontaneous conception ...
Kurtyka Karen K Department of Epidemiology, Rutgers School of Public Health, 683 Hoes Lane West, Room 221, Piscataway, NJ, 08854, - - 2014
The study determined the incidence of low birth weight (LBW), small for gestational age (SGA), preterm birth, and perinatal morbidity among Asian Indians (AI) in New Jersey (NJ), as well as identified predictors of SGA. We analyzed birth records for singletons born to mothers identified as AI and non-Hispanic white ...
Husebye Elisabeth Synnøve ES Department of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway; - - 2014
Evaluate the effect of an evolving targeted program to encourage mothers to provide own milk (MM) to their very low birth weight (VLBW) infants in a traditional open-bay NICU.METHODS: Retrospective review of medical records on all VLBW infants (birth weight <1500 g) born in a geographical region of Norway in ...
Gulati Shilpa S W.K. Kellogg Eye Center, Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Michigan, Ann - - 2014
Strabismus causes irreversible vision loss if not detected and treated early. It is unclear whether birth weight (BW) and gestational age (GA) are risk factors for strabismus. To estimate the effect of BW and GA on the likelihood of premature infants developing strabismus. In this longitudinal cohort analysis, we monitored ...
Wooldridge Jamie L JL *Saint Louis University School of Medicine, Cardinal Glennon Children's Medical Center, St. Louis, Missouri, United States †Division of Pulmonology/Allergy, Nemours Children's Clinic, Jacksonville, Florida, United States ‡Aptalis Pharma US, Inc., Bridgewater, New Jersey, United - - 2014
The objective was to determine whether infants with CF, who developed EPI in early infancy, would tolerate long-term treatment with ZENPEP (pancrelipase) delayed-release capsules, containing 3000 USP units of lipase/capsule and demonstrate consistent long-term growth. The most common TEAEs were diarrhea, vomiting, and constipation (mild or moderate). At study completion, ...
Paul Ian M - - 2014
Because early life growth has long-lasting metabolic and behavioral consequences, intervention during this period of developmental plasticity may alter long-term obesity risk. While modifiable factors during infancy have been identified, until recently, preventive interventions had not been tested. The Intervention Nurses Starting Infants Growing on Healthy Trajectories (INSIGHT) Study is ...
Richards Robyn R Newborn Care, Liverpool Hospital, Locked Bag 7103, South Western Sydney Area Health Service, Liverpool, NSW, Australia, - - 2014
Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease is a particularly common condition in preterm and low birth weight infants. These infants are also more likely to have excessive regurgitation, as they do not have a fully developed antireflux mechanism. Preterm and low birth weight infants who are unable to suck oral feeds are required ...
Davis Regina R RR Regina R. Davis, Sandra L. Hofferth, and Edmond D. Shenassa are with the Department of Family Science, Maternal and Child Health Program, University of Maryland School of Public Health, College Park. Regina R. Davis is also with the American Public Health Association, Washington, - - 2014
We thank Hutcheon et al. for commenting on our article.(1) We are in agreement regarding the potential pitfalls of "collider stratification bias,"(2) which is conditioning analyses on a variable that is the common effect of multiple causes (e.g., in the case of our article, conditioning on gestational age when assessing ...
Hutcheon Jennifer A JA Jennifer A. Hutcheon is with the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver. Lisa M. Bodnar is with the Departments of Epidemiology and Obstetrics, Gynaecology and Reproductive Sciences, University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health and School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA. Barbara Abrams is with the Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of California, - - 2014
Davis et al.(1) analyzed data from the Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System and observed that women who gained less weight during pregnancy than recommended by the Institute of Medicine (IOM)(2) were more likely to experience an infant death than were women who gained within IOM recommended ranges. We would like ...
Rios Danielle R DR Section of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, Texas Children's Hospital, Houston, TX. Electronic address: - - 2014
To determine trends in pharmacotherapy for neonatal hypotension in all infants and in extremely low birth weight (ELBW, birth weight 300-1000 g) infants. We queried the Pediatric Health Information System database for all infants ≤28 days with a diagnosis code for hypotension that were discharged between January 2001 and December 2012. Patients ...
van Vonderen Jeroen J JJ Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
To assess the clinical effect of an initial sustained inflation of 10 seconds and 25 cmH2O in preterm infants at birth. In this observational study inflation pressures and tidal volumes were recorded with the use of respiratory function monitoring of preterm infants <32 weeks' gestation receiving a sustained inflation. Inspiratory tidal volume ...
Turcotte Lucie M LM Division of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, - - 2014
Hepatoblastoma is a malignancy of young children. Low birth weight is associated with significantly increased risk of hepatoblastoma and neonatal medical exposures are hypothesized as contributors. This study represents the largest case-control study of hepatoblastoma to date and aimed to define the role of neonatal exposures in hepatoblastoma risk among ...
Englund A A Faculty of Health, University of Copenhagen, - - 2014
Low citrulline concentration is a marker of low functional enterocyte mass, which may predispose neonates to necrotising enterocolitis (NEC). We hypothesised that citrulline could be used to assess the NEC risk that could not be accounted for by gestational age and birth weight. This study investigated whether citrulline concentrations routinely ...
Pettersson Erik E Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, - - 2014
Studies have found an association between low birth weight and ADHD, but the nature of this relation is unclear. First, it is uncertain whether birth weight is associated with both of the ADHD dimensions, inattentiveness and hyperactivity-impulsivity. Second, it remains uncertain whether the association between birth weight and ADHD symptom ...
Ersdal Hege Langli HL Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, andSAFER (Stavanger Acute medicine Foundation for Education and Research), Stavanger University Hospital, Norway; Departments ofHealth Studies, and - - 2014
Evolving data indicate that cord clamping (CC) beyond 30 to 60 seconds after birth is of benefit for all infants. Recent experimental data demonstrated that ventilation before CC improved cardiovascular stability by increasing pulmonary blood flow. The objective was to describe the relationship between time to CC, onset of spontaneous ...
Li Feng F Department of Children and Adolescents Health Care, MOE-Shanghai Key Laboratory of Children's Environmental Health, Xin Hua Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, - - 2014
Controversial results have been reported on the effect of type of feeding on the level of fecal calprotectin in infants. To assess fecal calprotectin levels in breast fed or nonbreast fed healthy infants. A study was conducted to compare fecal calprotectin in infants who were exclusively breastfed compared to those ...
Azad M B MB Pediatrics, University of Alberta, Edmonton, - - 2014
Background:Obesity has been associated with disruption of the gut microbiota, which is established during infancy and vulnerable to disruption by antibiotics.Objective:To investigate the association between early-life antibiotic exposure and subsequent development of overweight and central adiposity.Methods:Provincial healthcare records were linked to clinical and survey data from a Canadian longitudinal birth ...
Leante-Castellanos José Luis - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To assess the accuracy of lipopolysaccharide binding protein (LBP) for diagnosing late-onset neonatal sepsis (LONS) in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. Study design: Observational, prospective study. We assessed the diagnostic performance of LBP in 26 suspected LONS episodes among 54 patients. Proven and probable LONS episodes were ...
Patel A L AL Section of Neonatology, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL, - - 2014
Objective:Owing to a rise in necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC, stage ⩾2) among very low birth weight (VLBW, birth weight <1500 g) infants from 4% in 2005 to 2006 to 10% in 2007 to 2008, we developed and implemented quality improvement (QI) initiatives. The objective was to evaluate the impact of QI initiatives ...
Pariente G G Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Soroka University Medical Center, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To detect factors that are associated with MSAF among deliveries of SGA neonates and to identify perinatal outcomes of deliveries of SGA infants complicated with MSAF. Methods: A population-based study comparing deliveries of SGA neonates with and without MSAF was conducted. Deliveries occurred during the years1988- 2007 at ...
Nissen Karin Baekgaard KB HC Andersens Childrens' Hospital, Odense University Hospital, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of hypospadias over 24 years in a Danish population and to describe the relation to birth weight and associated major congenital anomalies. Population-based study of all cases (live births, fetal deaths and elective terminations of pregnancy) with hypospadias born in ...
Moraitis Alexandros A AA Departments of Obstetrics and Gynaecology and Public Health and Primary Care, University of Cambridge, and the National Institute for Health Research Cambridge Comprehensive Biomedical Research Centre, Cambridge, and the Institute of Health and Wellbeing, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, United - - 2014
To estimate the association between birth weight percentile and the risk of perinatal death at term in relation to the cause of death. We performed a retrospective cohort study of all term singleton births in delivery units in Scotland between 1992 and 2008 (n=784,576), excluding perinatal deaths ascribed to congenital ...
Chatterji Pinka P Economics, University at Albany-SUNY, Albany, NY, - - 2014
Research has shown that birth weight has a lasting impact on later-life outcomes such as educational attainment and earnings. This paper examines the role of health at birth in determining academic achievement in childhood, which may provide the link between birth weight and adult outcomes. Using three waves of the ...
Wei Daniel D Division of Neonatal Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Los Angeles County, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, - - 2014
Few studies have examined the role that small for gestational age (SGA) status plays in postoperative outcomes for low-birth-weight (LBW) infants with congenital heart disease (CHD). This study aimed to examine the effect of SGA status, gestational and chronologic age, and weight on differences in morbidities and mortalities during the ...
Swatesutipan Buranee B Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, - - 2014
Background: The recent newborn resuscitation guidelines have recommended that a pulse oximeter and oxygen blender be used to keep oxygen saturation (SpO2) within the target range. However, an oxygen blender and compressed air are not generally available in delivery rooms. Objectives: To determine whether using low-flow oxygen at 0.5-1 liters/min ...
Wang Lan-Wan LW Department of Pediatrics, Chi Mei Medical Center, Tainan, Taiwan, - - 2014
Background: Hypoxia/ischemia and inflammation are two major mechanisms for cerebral palsy (CP) in preterm infants. Objective: To investigate whether hypoxia/ischemia- and infection-related events in the perinatal and neonatal periods had cumulative effects on CP risk in very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) premature infants. Methods: From 1995 to 2005, 5,807 VLBW preterm infants admitted ...
Mallan Kimberley M KM Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia; School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate the factor structure of the Baby Eating Behaviour Questionnaire (BEBQ) in an Australian community sample of mother-infant dyads. A secondary aim was to explore the relationship between the BEBQ subscales and infant gender, weight and current feeding mode. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) ...
Frost Brandy L BL 1] Department of Pediatrics, NorthShore University HealthSystem, Evanston, IL, USA [2] University of Chicago Pritzker School of Medicine, Chicago, IL, - - 2014
Background:Feeding intolerance occurs commonly in the NICU. Breast milk contains a large pool of transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta). Few studies describe TGF-beta levels in preterm milk, and the relationship to feeding intolerance (FI) remains unexplored. We measured TGF-beta levels in preterm breast milk to investigate a correlation with FI in ...
Ventura A K AK Monell Chemical Senses Center, Philadelphia, PA, USA; Department of Nutrition Sciences, College of Nursing and Health Professions, Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA, - - 2014
Understanding the dynamics of feeding is essential for preventing accelerated weight gain during infancy, a risk factor for obesity. Because infants satiate on larger volumes of cow milk formula (CMF) than CMF enriched with the free amino acid glutamate (CMF + glu), we used this model system to determine whether infants displayed ...
Collins James W JW Division of Neonatology, Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago, 225 E. Chicago, Ave, Box #45, Chicago, IL, 60611, USA, - - 2014
To determine the age related patterns of low birth weight (<2,500 g, LBW) and small for gestational age (weight <10th percentile for gestational age, SGA) among former LBW and non-LBW White and African-American mothers. We performed stratified analyses on an Illinois transgenerational dataset of non-Latina White (n = 31,616) and African-American (n = 38,964) infants ...
Kamal M M MM Department of Reproduction, Obstetrics and Herd Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ghent University, Salisburylaan 133, 9820 Merelbeke, - - 2014
The objective of the present study was to evaluate environmental and dam factors associated with birth size of Holstein calves. Data of 1,594 births from dairy herds in Belgium and Germany were analyzed in a retrospective cross-sectional study. Immediately after birth, the birth weight of the calves was measured. On ...
Collins Matthew N MN From the Departments of Pathology - - 2014
The purpose is to identify demographic characteristics associated with a quantity not sufficient (QNS) sweat collection in infants 3 months or younger. History of premature birth, infant race and sex, gestational age at delivery, and weight of the infant were compared with QNS collection. Of 221 sweat collections from 197 ...
Xie Lijian L Department of Cardiology, Shanghai Children's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, West Beijing Road 1400-24, Shanghai 200040, PR - - 2014
Primary pulmonary vein stenosis (PVS) presenting in childhood is uncommon and is related to premature with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). Here we present a premature infant with primary PVS and without BPD. In our case, a 19-month-old girl was diagnosed with PVS, atrial septal defect and patent arterial duct by echocardiography ...
Hummler H H Department of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Division of Neonatology and Pediatric Critical Care, Ulm University Medical Center, Ulm, - - 2014
Supplemental oxygen is commonly provided during transition of neonates immediately after birth. Whereas an initial FiO2 of 0.21 is now recommended to stabilize full-term infants in the delivery room, the best FiO2 to start resuscitation of the very low birth weight infant (VLBWI) immediately after delivery is currently not known. ...
Akinola Oluwarotimi Ireti - - 2014
Several maternity units in the developing world lack facilities for caesarean section and often have to transfer patients in extremis. This case controlled study aimed to appraise predictive factors for caesarean section. One hundred and fifty two consecutive women with singleton pregnancies who had caesarean section were studied. The next ...
Bandara T T Faculty of Medicine, University of Ruhuna, Galle, Sri - - 2014
Sri Lanka has made remarkable improvements in health, social and educational indices. However, child malnutrition exists as a significant health problem. Infant feeding indicators have not reached expected levels and improvements are partly constrained by a lack of data. The present study aimed to determine current infant feeding practices and ...
Zipursky Amy R AR University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2014
The association between maternal ethnicity and newborn weight is understood. Less is known about the additional influence of paternal ethnicity and neighbourhood ethnic composition. We studied 692 301 singleton live births of parents of Canadian, Bangladeshi, Sri Lankan, Pakistani, Indian, Filipino, Vietnamese, Korean, Hong Kong or Chinese birthplace. We used multivariable ...
Waruingi Wambui W Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, Case Western Reserve, Metrohealth Medical Center, 2500 Metrohealth Drive, Cleveland, OH, 44109, USA, - - 2014
Prematurity is the biggest contributor to admissions in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). The period following hospital discharge is a vital continuum for the very low birth weight (VLBW) infant. The objective of this study was to assess the impact of a unique discharge and follow-up process on the ...
Faria John J Department of Otolaryngology, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, New York, - - 2014
To compare the growth of infants with moderate to severe laryngomalacia who underwent supraglottoplasty to the growth of those treated with medical therapy alone. Case-control study of patients treated between 2008 and 2013. Tertiary care pediatric otolaryngology practice. Fifty-one infants newly diagnosed with moderate to severe congenital laryngomalacia. Seventeen infants ...
Getahun D D 1] Department of Research and Evaluation, Kaiser Permanente Southern California Medical Group, Pasadena, CA, USA [2] Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Rutgers-Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, New Brunswick, NJ, - - 2014
Objective:To examine trends for preterm births, stillbirths, neonatal and infant deaths in twin births by gestational age and birth weight categories, as well as trends in induction of labor and cesarean delivery during 1995-2006.Study design:A trend analysis was performed on data derived from the National Centers for Health Statistics' Vital ...
Sanguanklin Natthananporn - - 2014
To determine the effects of displacement due to flooding during pregnancy on birth outcomes (infant birth weight and gestational age) and the moderating effect of perceived social support on the relationship between displacement and birth outcomes. A descriptive, longitudinal study. A university-affiliated hospital in Pathum Thani, Thailand. Pregnant women (N ...
Lundgren Pia P Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, - - 2014
To investigate whether postnatal weight at first detection of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) can predict preterm infants who will develop severe ROP warranting treatment. This modern, population-based cohort included 147 infants born at gestational age (GA) <32 weeks in the Gothenburg region during 2011-2012 and screened for ROP at Sahlgrenska University ...
Abass Rihab M - - 2014
Low birth weight (LBW) is a worldwide health problem, especially in developing countries. We conducted a case-control study at Medani Hospital, Sudan. Cases were women who delivered a LBW (<2500 g) newborn and consecutive women who delivered a normal weight (>2500 g) newborn were controls. Questionnaires were used to collect ...
Santos Gabriela L GL Department of Physical Therapy, Universidade Federal de São Carlos, São Carlos, SP, - - 2014
Background: Infants with Down syndrome present with organic and neurological changes that may lead to a delay in the acquisition of motor skills such as kicking, a fundamental skill that is a precursor of gait and is influenced by intrinsic and extrinsic factors. Therefore, this movement should be taken into ...
Olmos Pablo R PR Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, College of Medicine, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Alameda, 340, Santiago, Chile; Department of Nutrition, College of Medicine, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Alameda, 340, Santiago, - - 2014
Infants born from overweight and obese mothers with glucose-controlled gestational diabetes (GDM) tend to be large-for-gestational age (LGA). It is hypothesized that this is due to an excessive rise in maternal triglyceride levels. Two-hundred and seventy nine singleton GDM pregnancies were divided into three groups according to prepregnancy BMI: normal ...
Aquilano Giulia - - 2014
Current literature provides limited data on the hemodynamic changes that may occur during bi-level continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) support in preterm infants. However, the application of a positive end-expiratory pressure may be transmitted to the heart and the great vessels resulting in changes of central blood flow. To assess ...
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