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Macdonald Erin M EM Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, The University of Western Ontario, London, ON, Canada N6A 5C1 ; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The University of Western Ontario, London, ON, Canada N6A 5C1 ; Children Health Research Institute, London, ON, Canada N6C - - 2014
The placental weight ratio (PWR) is a health indicator that reflects the balance between fetal and placental growth. The PWR is defined as the placental weight divided by the birth weight, and it changes across gestation. Its ranges are not well established. We aimed to establish PWR distributions by gestational ...
Haschke Ferdinand F Nestlé Nutrition Institute, Vevey, - - 2014
Data from 3 recently completed studies were pooled and analyzed to answer the question whether breastfed infants of overweight/obese mothers show accelerated growth. It was shown that these infants gain weight faster than indicated by the WHO standards and that they grow significantly faster than infants of lean mothers. The ...
Domellöf Magnus M Division of Pediatrics, Department of Clinical Sciences, Umea University, Umea, - - 2014
Microminerals, including iron, zinc, copper, selenium, manganese, iodine, chromium and molybdenum, are essential for a remarkable array of critical functions and need to be supplied in adequate amounts to preterm infants. Very low birth weight (VLBW) infants carry a very high risk of developing iron deficiency which can adversely affect ...
Koletzko Berthold B Dr. von Hauner Children's Hospital, University of Munich Medical Centre, Munich, - - 2014
Ranges of advisable nutrient intakes are presented for populations of fully enterally fed very low birth weight infants, based on current evidence and an intensive discussion with experts in July 2013. Recommended ranges of adequate nutrient intakes are expressed as amounts per kilogram body weight per day and also per ...
Sharma Deepak D Department of Neonatology, Fernandez Hospital, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, - - 2014
A full-term female baby, a product of non-consanguineous marriage, was born at 37 weeks of gestation with a birth weight of 2.08 kg. Antenatal scan at 31 weeks revealed complex congenital heart disease with a hypoplastic right ventricle, pulmonary atresia and an intact septum. Immediately after birth, the infant was shifted to the ...
Feeney Audrey A Department of Biological Sciences, Cork Institute of Technology, Rossa Avenue, Bishopstown, Cork, - - 2014
Bacteria respond to elevated osmolality by the accumulation of a range of low molecular weight molecules, known as compatible solutes (owing to their compatibility with the cells' normal physiology at high internal concentrations). The neonatal pathogen Cronobacter sakazakii is uniquely osmotolerant, surviving in powdered infant formula (PIF) which typically has ...
McDade Thomas W TW Cells to Society (C2S): The Center on Social Disparities and Health, Institute for Policy Research, Northwestern University, , 2040 Sheridan Road, Evanston, IL 60208, USA, Department of Anthropology, Northwestern University, , 1810 Hinman Avenue, Evanston, IL 60208, USA, George Warren Brown School of Social Work, Washington University in St Louis, , One Brookings Drive, St Louis, MO 63130, USA, School of Education, University of California, , Irvine, 3200 Education, Irvine, CA 92697, USA, Department of Pediatrics, Northwestern University, , 225 East Chicago Avenue, Chicago, IL 60611, USA, Program on Human Development and Social Policy, Northwestern University, , 2120 Campus Drive, Evanston, IL 60208, - - 2014
Chronic inflammation is a potentially important physiological mechanism linking early life environments and health in adulthood. Elevated concentrations of C-reactive protein (CRP)-a key biomarker of inflammation-predict increased cardiovascular and metabolic disease risk in adulthood, but the developmental factors that shape the regulation of inflammation are not known. We investigated birth ...
Rao Chythra R CR Department of Community Medicine, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal University, Manipal, Karnataka 576104, - - 2014
Introduction. Preterm birth is the leading cause of newborn deaths and the second leading cause of death in children under five years old. Three-quarters of them could be saved with current, cost-effective interventions. The aim of this study was to identify the risk factors of preterm birth in a secondary ...
Dodd Jodie M JM Robinson Institute and School of Paediatrics and Reproductive Health, University of Adelaide, 72 King William Road, North Adelaide, South Australia, Australia - - 2014
To determine the effect of antenatal dietary and lifestyle interventions on health outcomes in overweight and obese pregnant women. Multicentre randomised trial. We utilised a central telephone randomisation server, with computer generated schedule, balanced variable blocks, and stratification for parity, body mass index (BMI) category, and hospital. Three public maternity ...
Röhr S B SB University Hospital of Saarland, Medical School, Homburg, - - 2014
To assess the incidence of cardiac and metabolic adverse events in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants receiving systematic steroids. Prospective single centre audit in VLBW infants (<1,500 g) at the neonatal intensive care unit at the University Children's Hospital of Saarland, Germany. A total of 72 VLBW infants (38 ...
Vaudry Wendy W Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of - - 2014
To determine the rate of diagnosis; demographic, clinical and laboratory characteristics; and management of congenital cytomegalovirus (cCMV) cases identified by paediatricians in routine clinical practice in Canada. National active monthly surveillance of all clinically practicing general and subspecialty paediatricians in Canada was performed for cCMV from March 1, 2005 to ...
Reddy Sagili Chandrasekhara SC Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medical Sciences, University Sains Malaysia, Kubang Kerian 16150, Kelantan, - - 2014
Tono-pen measurement of intraocular pressure (IOP) under topical anaesthesia in full term normal newborns. The IOP measurements were taken using Tono-pen XL tonometer under topical anaesthesia in 150 newborns (300 eyes) within 24h after birth, over a period of three months, in a university hospital. Gender, gestation period, mode of ...
Morken Nils-Halvdan NH Department of Global Public Health and Primary Care, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway; Department of Clinical Sciences, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen, - - 2014
The relationship of maternal glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in pregnancy to fetal size needs to be better characterized as it impacts an ongoing debate about confounding effect of maternal GFR in investigations of important environmental contaminants. We aimed to characterize the size of the association between maternal GFR and infant ...
Ng O O Department of Anaesthesiology, Block 6, Level 2, Singapore General Hospital, Outram Road, Singapore 169608. - - 2014
The optimal anaesthetic management of neonates with complete congenital heart block (CCHB) is unknown, as there is a low incidence of such cases. Neonates with CCHB often require surgery for the initiation of electronic pacing. In addition to the challenges of anaesthetising a neonate, this procedure is risky due to ...
Liu Qing Q Department of Ophthalmology, Children's Hospital, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China - - 2014
Background The aim of this study was to screen for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in southwestern China and understand the prevalence and risk factors of ROP, which may provide evidence useful in the prevention and treatment of ROP. Material and Methods 1864 preterm infants (gestational age of <37 weeks and ...
Pryce Jeremy W JW Department of Histopathology, Camelia Botnar Laboratories, Great Ormond Street Hospital, Great Ormond Street, London WC1N 3JH, UK ; Institute of Child Health, UCL, London, - - 2014
Infancy is the most common period for childhood death, including both neonatal deaths from obstetric or medical complications and sudden unexpected infant deaths. The weighing of organs at autopsy is an established process and is recommended in current protocols. However, minimal contemporary data is available regarding reference ranges for organ ...
Hay William W WW Jr Department of Pediatrics, Section of Neonatology, Perinatal Research Center, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, Colo., - - 2014
Energy is necessary for all vital functions of the body at molecular, cellular, organ, and systemic levels. Preterm infants have minimum energy requirements for basal metabolism and growth, but also have requirements for unique physiology and metabolism that influence energy expenditure. These include body size, postnatal age, physical activity, dietary ...
Hulzebos Christian V CV Department of Neonatology, Beatrix Children's Hospital, University Medical Center Groningen, Groningen, The - - 2014
High bilirubin/albumin (B/A) ratios increase the risk of bilirubin neurotoxicity. The B/A ratio may be a valuable measure, in addition to the total serum bilirubin (TSB), in the management of hyperbilirubinemia. We aimed to assess whether the additional use of B/A ratios in the management of hyperbilirubinemia in preterm infants ...
Chen Chien-Yi CY Graduate Institute of Clinical Medicine, National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei, Taiwan; Department of Pediatrics, National Taiwan University Hospital and National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei, - - 2014
The current recommendation of giving the first dose of hepatitis B vaccine to very low birth weight (VLBW) infants at 30 days of chronologic age usually is not practical, because most VLBW infants are not medically stable at that age. We use an alternative body-weight-based protocol, and evaluate its efficacy ...
Wohlfahrt-Veje Christine C Department of Growth and Reproduction, The Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, University Hospital of Copenhagen, Rigshospitalet, University of Copenhagen, 5064, Rigshospitalet, Blegdamsvej 9, 2100 Copenhagen Ø, - - 2014
Experimental studies have shown that dioxin-like chemicals may interfere with aspects of the endocrine system including growth. However, human background population studies are, however, scarce. We aimed to investigate whether early exposure of healthy infants to dioxin-like chemicals was associated with changes in early childhood growth and serum IGF1. In ...
Schölmerich Vera L N VL Erasmus University Medical Centre, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Obstetrics and Prenatal Medicine, Rotterdam, the Netherlands; VU University Amsterdam, Department of Organizational Sciences, Amsterdam, the Netherlands; Harvard School of Public Health, Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of - - 2014
Perinatal morbidity rates are relatively high in the Netherlands, and significant inequalities in perinatal morbidity and mortality can be found across neighborhoods. In socioeconomically deprived areas, 'Western' women are particularly at risk for adverse birth outcomes. Almost all studies to date have explained the disparities in terms of individual determinants ...
Moshfeghi Darius M DM *Department of Ophthalmology, Stanford University, Stanford, California; and †Department of Ophthalmology, Bascom Palmer Eye Institute, University of Miami, Miami, - - 2014
To describe exudative retinal detachment following laser photocoagulation after 40 weeks of postmenstrual age (PMA) for retinopathy of prematurity in premature infants, its medical management, and outcomes. Two pediatric vitreoretinal surgeons at 2 different quaternary care institutions retrospectively identified children who received laser photocoagulation after 40 weeks of PMA and ...
Srivastava Smita S Clinical Assistant, Department of Pediatrics, Fortis Escorts Hospital and Research Centre, Faridabad, Haryana, - - 2014
Context: Birth and immediate postpartum period pose many challenges for the newborn. The neonatal mortality rates are high in India, whereas the breastfeeding rates are still low. Hence, need exists for a simple and easily applicable intervention, which may counter these challenges. Aims: The present study was undertaken to evaluate ...
Katz Joanne J Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of - - 2014
We use data from rural Nepal and South India to compare the prevalence of small-for-gestational-age (SGA) and neonatal mortality risk associated with SGA using different birth-weight-for-gestation reference populations. We identified 46 reference populations in low-, middle-, and high-income countries, of which 26 met the inclusion criteria of being commonly cited ...
Olson Christine M - - 2014
This article investigates the impact of community-based interventions developed by the Healthy Start Partnership (HSP) to promote healthy body weights in families. Intercept surveys were conducted to monitor community exposure. A nonconcurrent, no treatment control design was used to assess population-level weight outcomes. Control (n = 219) and intervention (n ...
Corvaglia Luigi L Neonatology and Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, S. Orsola-Malpighi Hospital, University of Bologna, Bologna, - - 2014
To elucidate the role of prenatal, neonatal and early postnatal variables in influencing the achievement of full enteral feeding (FEF) in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants and to determine whether neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) differ in this outcome. Population-based retrospective cohort study using data on 1,864 VLBW infants ...
Perrone Serafina - - 2014
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a devastating and common disease of very low birth weight (VLBW) infants with a mortality rate of 10% to 50% and a significant cause of morbidity in survivors. The incidence of NEC has increased from 5% to 7% in the last decades and this rate is ...
Gunay Murat M Department of Ophthalmology, Zeynep Kamil Women and Childrens' Diseases Education and Research Hospital, Istanbul 34668, - - 2014
To evaluate the central corneal thickness (CCT) measurements of premature infants. The premature infants who were born between 25-34wk of gestational age (GA) were retrieved for the study. All CCT measurements were performed within the first 2d of their life under topical anesthesia by using an ultrasonic pachymeter. The mean ...
Niebler Robert A RA Department of Pediatrics, Section of Critical Care, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, - - 2014
A female infant with unbalanced right ventricular dominant atrioventricular septal defect with double-outlet right ventricle and pulmonary stenosis had recurrent aortopulmonary shunt thrombosis. She was found to have low antithrombin levels and was managed with antithrombin replacement in addition to unfractionated heparin. A subsequent aortopulmonary shunt was successfully placed, and ...
Marino Jennifer L JL Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, The University of Melbourne, Royal Women's Hospital, Parkville, Victoria, - - 2014
Fertility treatment is associated with increased risk of major birth defects, which varies between in vitro fertilisation (IVF) and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), and is significantly reduced by embryo freezing. We therefore examined a range of additional perinatal outcomes for these exposures. All patients in South Australia receiving assisted conception ...
Yu H F - - 2014
Little research has been conducted to specifically identify the correlations of birth quality influence factors of newborns and hemoglobin of gravidae and puerperal with birth weight of newborns. To investigate the correlations of birth quality influence factors of newborns and hemoglobin of gravidae and puerperal with birth weight of newborns ...
Kondo Takeshi T Division of Diagnostic Molecular Pathology, Department of Community Medicine and Social Healthcare Science, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, Kobe, Japan - - 2014
Here the histopathology findings of placental infarction associated with late preterm birth are reported. The subject was a male neonate delivered at 34 weeks and 5 days of gestation with a birth weight of ∼2500 g. His mother had been diagnosed with a threatened premature birth at 27 weeks of ...
Fenton Tanis R - - 2014
No growth chart has resolved what to do with the physiologic postnatal weight loss when extracellular water is decreased. Nevertheless, the Fenton Growth Chart provides the most comprehensive comparison to the current growth standard for the preterm infant particularly with growth after return to birthweight. Existing postnatal growth references have ...
Wilson Ann L AL Department of Teaching, USD Sanford School of Medicine, - - 2014
In 2012, South Dakota experienced a 2.1 percent increase in births over the previous year. Despite an overall decrease in low birth weight, in 2012, the South Dakota infant mortality rate (8.6) surpassed its rate for the past 12 years with a 30 percent increase over its mean rate for ...
Kothiwale Shaila V - - 2014
Purpose: To investigate the association between maternal periodontal disease and its effect on haemoglobin levels and low birth weight infants. Materials and Methods: This observational study included 770 mothers. Data regarding the periodontal status, pregnancy outcome variables, haemoglobin levels (Hb%) and other factors that may contribute to adverse pregnancy outcomes ...
Wilson Roneé E RE Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, College of Public Health, University of South Florida, 13201 Bruce B. Downs, MDC56, Tampa, FL 33612, - - 2014
The obstetric consequences of abnormal thyroid function during pregnancy have been established. Less understood is the influence of maternal thyroid autoantibodies on infant outcomes. The objective of this study was to examine the influence of maternal thyroperoxidase (TPO) status on fetal/infant brain and body growth. Six-hundred thirty-one (631) euthyroid pregnant ...
Khanal Vishnu V Maternal and Child Health Consultant, Sauraha Pharsatikar-1, Rupandehi, Nepal. - - 2014
Low birth weight (LBW) is a major cause of neonatal deaths in developing countries including Nepal. Its social determinants in Nepal have rarely been identified. This study aimed to identify the factors associated with low birth weight among under-five children comparing data from the Nepal Demographic and Health Surveys (NDHS) ...
Imai Cindy Mari CM Unit for Nutrition Research, Landspitali-National University Hospital of Iceland, Eiriksgata 29, Reykjavik 101, Iceland. - - 2014
Rapid growth during infancy is associated with increased risk of overweight and obesity and differences in weight gain are at least partly explained by means of infant feeding. The aim was to assess the associations between infant feeding practice in early infancy and body mass index (BMI) at 6 years ...
Wójkowska-Mach Jadwiga J Chair of Microbiology, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Kraków, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to describe the epidemiology of necrotising enterocolitis (NEC), antibiotic consumption and the usefulness of microbiological tests in very low birth weight (VLBW) Polish newborns. Prospective surveillance was performed in the year 2009 by local infection control teams. The study covered 910 infants hospitalized in ...
Huang Yujing Y Department of Environmental Hygiene, College of Preventive Medicine, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, - - 2014
Data concerning the effects of phthalate exposure on preterm delivery and fetal growth are limited in humans. In this paper, we assessed the relationship between 15 phthalate levels in cord blood and preterm delivery and fetal growth parameters in 207 Chinese women going into labor. Exposure to phthalates except DCHP ...
Ye Jiangfeng J MOE-Shanghai Key Laboratory of Children's Environmental Health, Xinhua Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, - - 2014
Macrosomia has been defined in various ways by obstetricians and researchers. The purpose of the present study was to search for a definition of macrosomia through an outcome-based approach. In a study of 30,831,694 singleton term live births and 38,053 stillbirths in the U.S. Linked Birth-Infant Death Cohort datasets (1995-2004), ...
Dai Li L National Center for Birth Defects Monitoring, West China Second University Hospital of Sichuan University, Chengdu, People's Republic of China; Key Laboratory of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Pediatric Diseases and Birth Defects of the Ministry of Education, West China Second University Hospital of Sichuan University, Chengdu, People's Republic of - - 2014
To develop a reference of population-based gestational age-specific birth weight percentiles for contemporary Chinese. Birth weight data was collected by the China National Population-based Birth Defects Surveillance System. A total of 1,105,214 live singleton births aged ≥28 weeks of gestation without birth defects during 2006-2010 were included. The lambda-mu-sigma method ...
Yarnoff Benjamin B RTI International , Research Triangle Park, NC , - - 2014
We explore the complex factors associated with infant feeding by analyzing what mother, infant, and household factors are associated with the types of food given to infants. We seek to quantify associations in order to inform public health policy about the importance of target populations for infant feeding programs. We ...
Zhou Youyou Y Institutes of Biomedical Sciences, State Key Laboratory of Genetic Engineering and MOE Key Laboratory of Contemporary Anthropology, School of Life Sciences, Fudan University, Shanghai, - - 2014
A retrospective case control study of breast-fed full-term infants was carried out to determine whether variants in Uridine Diphosphate Glucuronosyl Transferase 1A1 (UGT1A1) and Heme Oxygenase-1 (HMOX1) were associated with neonatal hyperbilirubinemia. Eight genetic variants of UGT1A1 and 3 genetic variants of HMOX1 were genotyped in 170 hyperbilirubinemic newborns and ...
Ross Michael G MG Perinatal Research Laboratories, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, Calif., - - 2014
Obesity is often attributed to a Western lifestyle, a high-fat diet and decreased activity. While these factors certainly contribute to adult obesity, compelling data from our laboratory and others indicate that this explanation is oversimplified. Recent studies strongly argue that maternal/fetal under- or overnutrition predisposes the offspring to become hyperphagic ...
Rose Jessica J Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA ; Motion Analysis Lab, Lucile Packard Children's Hospital, Stanford, CA, - - 2014
Structural brain abnormalities identified at near-term age have been recognized as potential predictors of neurodevelopment in children born preterm. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between neonatal physiological risk factors and early brain structure in very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) preterm infants using structural MRI and diffusion tensor imaging ...
Wells Jonathan C K JC Childhood Nutrition Research Centre, UCL Institute of Child Health, 30 Guilford Street, London WC1N 1EH, UK - - 2014
Developmental plasticity underlies widespread associations between early-life exposures and many components of adult phenotype, including the risk of chronic diseases. Humans take almost two decades to reach reproductive maturity, and yet the 'critical windows' of physiological sensitivity that confer developmental plasticity tend to close during fetal life or infancy. While ...
Bacci Silvia S Department of Economics, University of Perugia, Via A. Pascoli, 20, 06123 Perugia, Italy. - - 2014
Objectives: We investigate the differences in birthweight between first- and second-borns, evaluating the impact of changes in pregnancy (e.g., gestational age), demographic (e.g., age), and social (e.g., education level, marital status) maternal characteristics. Data and Methods: All analyses are performed on data collected in Umbria (Italy) taking into account a ...
Gadhia Monika M MM Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, NY. Electronic address: - - 2013
To assess whether the combination of early inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) therapy and vitamin A supplementation lowers the incidence of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in premature newborns with respiratory failure. A total of 793 mechanically ventilated infants (birth weight 500-1250 g) were randomized (after stratification by birth weight) to receive placebo ...
Higuchi Ryuzo R Departments of Perinatal Medicine, - - 2013
We report the features of neuroimaging within 24 hours after birth in 2 siblings with molybdenum cofactor deficiency. The first sibling was delivered by emergency cesarean section because of fetal distress and showed pedaling and crawling seizures soon after birth. Brain ultrasound revealed subcortical multicystic lesions in the frontal white ...
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