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Results 401 - 450 of 2402
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Chen Ying-Yao - - 2013
The relationship between hemoglobin and patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) has not been discussed before. In this study, we sought to assess the influence of hemoglobin and perinatal factors on PDA in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. Using data from the Premature Baby Foundation of Taiwan (PBFA), the characteristics, perinatal ...
Pfister Katie M - - 2013
Background:Preterm infants are at risk for long-term neurodevelopmental impairment as a function of postnatal nutritional status. Despite adequate neonatal weight gain, preterm infants have altered body composition, with lower fat-free mass (FFM) and higher adiposity at term corrected gestational age (CGA) than their term counterparts. The relationship between postnatal body ...
Abar Beau - - 2013
The current study seeks to compare the effects of prenatal methamphetamine exposure (PME) on infant and child physical growth between the USA and New Zealand (NZ). This cross-national comparison provides a unique opportunity to examine the potential impact of services provided to drug using mothers on child health. The longitudinal ...
Wang Xinli - - 2013
Infancy is the fastest growth period in a child's development after birth, but little is known about hormonal regulation mechanism for the growth and development of this period. The objective of this study is to analyze the trend of serum IGF-1 levels in healthy infants and the relationship of IGF-1 ...
Kandasamy Y - - 2013
Northern Queensland is unique in that the proportion of Aboriginal and Torres Straits Islander (ATSI) communities is higher than the rest of Australia. The aim of this study was to describe the characteristics of term admissions of low birth weight (LBW; birth weight < 2,500 g) and small for gestational age ...
Burattini Ilaria - - 2013
To compare the effect of 2.5 vs 4 g/kg/d of amino acid (AA) in parenteral nutrition of extremely low birth weight infants on metabolic tolerance, short-term growth, and neurodevelopment. One hundred thirty-one infants with birth weight between 500 and 1249 g were randomized to 2.5 (standard AA [SAA] group) or 4 ...
Cole Tim J TJ MRC Centre of Epidemiology for Child Health, UCL Institute of Child Health, , London, - - 2014
To describe birth weight and postnatal weight gain in a contemporaneous population of babies born <32 weeks' gestation, using routinely captured electronic clinical data. Anonymised longitudinal weight data from 2006 to 2011. National Health Service neonatal units in England. Birth weight centiles were constructed using the LMS method, and longitudinal ...
Zhang Rong - - 2013
The objective of this study was to assess the value of ultrasonic backscatter signals and the backscatter coefficient (BSC) in the analysis of bone status in neonates and to analyze the relationships between the BSC and gestational age, birth weight, length, head circumference and gender. A total of 122 neonates ...
Ramachandran Selvam - - 2013
The preterm very low birth weight infants are at high risk of developing neurodevelopmental delay despite little or no medical complications at the time of birth. The care and interventions of such infants have an impact on the pre-existing risk. The Developmental Care Interventions (DCI) are the range of treatment ...
Leibovitz Eugene - - 2013
Background: Knowledge of fungal colonization patterns in very low birth weight infants (VLBWI) admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) is essential in understanding the process of fungal infections in neonates. We analyzed prospectively, during 2009-2010, the patterns and dynamics of fungal colonization in VLBWI, including timing, colonization sites, ...
Erdemir Aydin - - 2013
Ultrasonographic measurement of kidney dimensions is important in evaluation of renal disease in preterm infants who have multiple comorbidities that affect renal function. The purpose of this study was to determine the reference ranges of kidney dimensions in preterm newborns and to provide a chart to use easily in daily ...
Chihara Izumi - - 2013
To investigate the relationship between gestational weight gain (GWG) and birthweight outcomes among a low-income population in Hawaii using GWG recommendations from the 2009 Institute of Medicine (IOM) guidelines. Data were analyzed for 19,130 mother-infant pairs who participated in Hawaii's Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children from ...
Thakur Neha - - 2013
Perinatal care has changed dramatically over last decade contributing to improved survival of extremely low birthweight (ELBW) babies. We conducted the present study with the objective to identify immediate obstetric causes of preterm delivery; analyse the maternal risk factors and to evaluate the morbidity and mortality of ELBW babies delivered ...
Asbjörnsdóttir Kristjana H - - 2013
HIV-exposed uninfected (HEU) infants have higher infectious disease morbidity and mortality than unexposed infants. We determined the incidence and risk factors for pneumonia, a leading cause of infant mortality worldwide, in a cohort of HEU infants. Identifying predictors of pneumonia among HEU infants may enable early identification of those at ...
Jorge Eliane C - - 2013
Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a complex condition of the developing retinal blood vessels and is one of the leading causes of preventable childhood blindness. Several risk factors for ROP have been studied over the past 50 years. Among them, general immaturity (low birth weight and low gestational age) and ...
Olbrich Peter - - 2013
To determine human beta-defensin-2 levels in term and preterm neonates at birth and to evaluate its impact on sepsis. Observational study. Single tertiary care hospital. Term neonates and preterm neonates were recruited and divided in groups according to important clinical events. Cord blood samples were drawn from all newborns immediately ...
Molloy Carly S - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVESOcular growth and development differs between preterm and term-born infants and may cause long-term negative consequences for visual function, but contemporary data on long-term visual outcomes in representative samples of the highest risk extremely low birth weight (ELBW, <1000 g birth weight) or extremely preterm (EP, <28 weeks' ...
Brunner S - - 2013
The intrauterine metabolic environment might have a programming effect on offspring body composition. We aimed to explore associations of maternal variables of glucose and lipid metabolism during pregnancy, as well as cord blood insulin, with infant growth and body composition up to 2 years post-partum. Data of pregnant women and their ...
Fonseca Nívea D - - 2014
In the present study we determine the contents of isoflavones and soyasaponins in seven soy-based infant formulas available in the Brazilian market to estimate the intake of these bioactive compounds by infants. The mean contents of isoflavones and soyasaponins were 65.9mg/kg and 55.0mg/100g, respectively. β-Glycosylated isoflavones and soyasaponin B-I were ...
Guo Bao-Qiang BQ MOE-Shanghai Key Laboratory of Children's Environmental Health, Xinhua Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, 1665 Kongjiang Road, Shanghai 200092, - - 2013
We determined the levels of prenatal Hg exposure in Wujiang City, located in the southeast of Taihu Lake in China's Jiangsu Province, and analyze the relationship between prenatal exposure to Hg and neonatal anthropometry, including birth weight, body length, and head circumference. From June 2009 to July 2010, a total ...
Huisma Felicity - - 2013
The neonate born small for gestational age (SGA, birth weight <10th centile) with severe hypospadias, and without the presence of other malformations, is a presentation which clinical geneticists are asked to assess. However, this combination is not well addressed in the literature. Epidemiological studies point to an increased incidence and ...
Giovannetti A M - - 2013
Preterm birth is associated with variable degrees of brain injury, adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes and continuing special health care needs. This observational, retrospective and cross-sectional study aims to describe the functional features of VLBW infants using the ICF-CY classification and to identify the association between gender, twinship, birth weight, gestational age, ...
Cederbaum Julie A - - 2013
Emerging literature suggests that maternal exposure to stress and adversity throughout the life course may have health consequences for offspring. To examine the maltreatment history of adolescent mothers as an independent predictor of infant birth weight. Birth records for all infants born between 2007 and 2009 to mothers aged 12-19 ...
Kerecman Jay - - 2013
Cholestasis affects 50% of extremely low-birth-weight infants. Its etiology remains poorly understood and the extent of liver injury in these infants is unclear. The premature baboon model provides an opportunity to study neonatal liver disease. We characterize hepatic histopathologic changes in this model. Archival tissue and data were obtained from ...
White-Traut Rosemary - - 2013
To identify infant and maternal characteristics associated with the pace of progression from the first oral feeding to complete oral feeding. One hundred forty-two stable premature infants who were fully or partially gavage feeding immediately after birth (29 to 34 weeks gestational age at birth). Exploratory secondary analysis. Data are ...
Abbas Rabia - - 2013
Cushing’s disease in children is not rare but in infants it is quite rare and an important medical condition needing proper line of investigations and management options. Craniopharyngioma as a cause of Cushing’s disease is well reported and practical inference of the condition is of clinical importance. Craniopharyngioma generally affects ...
Minutillo Corrado - - 2013
The aim of the study was to describe the physical growth and developmental outcomes of babies born with gastroschisis. We retrospectively reviewed all cases of gastroschisis in Western Australia born between 1997 and 2010. In the 128 pregnancies with fetal gastroschisis, 117 babies were live born. 112 (95.7%) survived to ...
Maruyama Hidehiko - - 2013
Cholestasis and thrombocytopenia are complications that affect infants born small for gestational age (SGA). In SGA infants, other vital organs develop at the expense of the liver, and the thrombopoietin produced by the liver is low, often resulting in cholestasis. We hypothesized that thrombocytopenia at birth can be used to ...
Ramesh Bhat Y - - 2013
Aim: Incidence, risk factors, morbidity and mortality of pneumothorax in neonates vary widely. We aimed to evaluate characteristics, predisposing factors and associated primary lung conditions of pneumothorax in neonates. Methods: Neonates diagnosed to have pneumothoraces in a neonatal unit of university teaching hospital between May 2006 and August 2008 were ...
Ferrara F - - 2013
Aim: The establishment of an ileostomy is a surgical option in the treatment of neonatal intestinal diseases, such as necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) and meconial disease, in premature or extremely-low-birth-weight (ELBW) infants. Methods: A prospective study was performed between July 2000-April 2011, with in exam all cases of acute abdomen in ...
Aiken Christopher Geoffrey Alexander - - 2013
Objective: To determine how weight for gestational age affects urea and mineral excretion by preterm infants receiving total parenteral nutrition (TPN). Study Design: Daily urine samples were collected from all preterm infants given high calcium TPN, providing 30 kcal/g amino acids, during its first 44 months of use, and from ...
Chiba Takako - - 2013
Previous studies have revealed correlations among prepregnancy body mass index (BMI), gestational weight gain and the birth weight of the infant. However, as a variety of indices relating to the physique have been used to assess the optimal weight of pregnant women, no conclusions have yet been established regarding the ...
Haerian-Ardakani Ahmad A Department of Periodontology, Faculty of Dentistry, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, - - 2013
Background: Periodontal infections, which serve as a reservoir of inflammatory mediators, may pose a threat to the fetal-placental unit and cause adverse pregnancy outcomes. Objective: The aim of this study was assessing the periodontal status of women during puerperium and determining the possible relationship between their periodontal disease and low ...
Saida Ken - - 2013
Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is common in premature infants. In very low birth weight infants (VLBWI), PDA requires surgical therapy in many cases. It is unclear to know at-risk infants showing cardio-dysfunction after PDA surgery. The purpose of this study was to identify at-risk infants showing cardio-dysfunction after surgery for ...
Wolke Dieter - - 2013
Although sensitive and cognitively stimulating parenting is a powerful predictor of school success, it may not protect against increased neonatal risk resulting from underlying neurological damage. A total of 314 very preterm/very low birth weight (VP/VLBW) and 338 term control children were studied from birth to age 13 years. Socioeconomic status ...
Belfort Mandy B MB Division of Newborn Medicine, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, MA. Electronic address: - - 2013
To examine trade-offs between cognitive outcome and overweight/obesity in preterm-born infants at school age and young adulthood in relation to weight gain and linear growth during infancy. We studied 945 participants in the Infant Health and Development Program, an 8-center study of preterm (≤37 weeks gestational age), low birth weight ...
Pardo C E - - 2013
Offspring born from normal litter size (10 to 15 piglets) but classified as having lower than average birth weight (average of the sow herd used: 1.46 ± 0.2 kg; mean ± s.d.) carry at birth negative phenotypic traits normally associated with intrauterine growth restriction, such as brain-sparing and impaired myofiber ...
Hameed Numan Nafie - - 2013
Abstract Objectives: To study maternal and neonatal risk factors related to outcome of preterm babies with RDS on CPAP in a tertiary Iraqi NICU. Methods: A prospective case study carried out from January 5th, -2011 to January 5th, -2012, on 70 preterm neonates with RDS who were started on CPAP. ...
Sehgal Arvind - - 2013
To investigate the differences in cardiac function and arterial biophysical properties between term-born appropriate for gestational age (AGA) infants and small for gestational age (SGA) infants. Our hypothesis was that adaptation to intrauterine growth restriction induces changes in cardiac and arterial indices. This was a prospective observational echocardiographic evaluation of ...
Kumar Sanjaya - - 2013
Reproductive effects of long-term, low-dose exposure to disinfectant by-products have not been consistently documented in large populations despite the known toxicity of high exposures and the wide-spread occurrence of low concentrations in public drinking water. We investigated the effect of low-dose exposure to total trihalomethanes (TTHM) on birth weight and ...
Nijman Joppe - - 2013
Background: Detection of white matter (WM) abnormalities on MRI is important regarding the neurodevelopmental outcome in preterm infants. The long-term neurodevelopmental outcome of preterm infants with postnatal cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection has not been studied extensively. Objectives: We aimed to assess WM microstructure in preterm infants with postnatal CMV infection using ...
Sun Huiqing - - 2013
Background: Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a gestational age (GA)-related illness that can lead to blindness in premature infants. Timely screening of premature infants could improve visual prognosis. Objective: To evaluate the WINROP algorithm as a method of predicting severe ROP in a Chinese population. Methods: 590 infants with a ...
Chan Daisy - - 2013
ABSTRACT Aim: There is little information regarding the reference range for thyroid hormones in preterm babies, especially those with very low birth weight (VLBW) of less than 1500 grams. The objective of our study was to evaluate the relationship between thyroid hormone levels and post-menstrual age in a cohort of ...
Oluwafemi Olubanke R - - 2013
Small-for-gestational age (SGA) newborns constitute a special group of neonates who may have suffered varying degrees of intrauterine insults and deprivation. Variations in birth weight, length and Ponderal Index (PI) depend on the type and degree of intrauterine insults the babies were exposed to. The objective of the study was ...
Pedersen Marie - - 2013
Tobacco-smoke, airborne, and dietary exposures to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) have been associated with reduced prenatal growth. Evidence from biomarker-based studies of low-exposed populations is limited. Bulky DNA adducts in cord blood reflect the prenatal effective dose to several genotoxic agents including PAHs. We estimated the association between bulky DNA ...
Bussiere Jeanine L - - 2013
Denosumab is a monoclonal antibody that inhibits bone resorption by targeting RANKL, an essential mediator of osteoclast formation, function, and survival. Reproductive toxicity of denosumab was assessed in cynomolgus monkeys in an embryofetal development study (dosing GD20-50) and a pre-postnatal toxicity study (dosing GD20-parturition). In the embryofetal toxicity study, denosumab ...
Roberts Gehan - - 2013
To assess the self-reported quality of life, health status, self-esteem, and functional outcomes at age 18 years of extremely preterm (EP; <28 weeks gestation) or extremely low birth weight (ELBW; birth weight <1000 g) adolescents born in 1991-1992 compared with normal birth weight (birth weight >2499 g) controls, and, within the EP/ELBW cohort, to ...
Moshfeghi Darius M - - 2013
To describe exudative retinal detachment following laser photocoagulation after 40 weeks of postmenstrual age (PMA) for retinopathy of prematurity in premature infants, its medical management, and outcomes. Two pediatric vitreoretinal surgeons at 2 different quaternary care institutions retrospectively identified children who received laser photocoagulation after 40 weeks of PMA and ...
Moss Brian G - - 2013
Abstract Purpose . To determine whether prepregnancy weight was associated with children's birth weight, early physical growth, and autism diagnosis. Design . Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort data. Setting . United States. Subjects . Representative sample of U.S. children followed from birth through kindergarten (n = 4800). Also, a subpopulation ...
Lin Shi Lin - - 2013
To examine whether mode of delivery was associated with childhood adiposity in a developed non-Western context. We used generalized estimating equations to estimate the association of mode of delivery (vaginal or cesarean) with body mass index (BMI) z-score and overweight (including obesity) from 3 months to 13 years, in 7809 ...
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