Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 2698
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >
Schölmerich Vera L N VL Erasmus University Medical Centre, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Obstetrics and Prenatal Medicine, Rotterdam, the Netherlands; VU University Amsterdam, Department of Organizational Sciences, Amsterdam, the Netherlands; Harvard School of Public Health, Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of - - 2014
Perinatal morbidity rates are relatively high in the Netherlands, and significant inequalities in perinatal morbidity and mortality can be found across neighborhoods. In socioeconomically deprived areas, 'Western' women are particularly at risk for adverse birth outcomes. Almost all studies to date have explained the disparities in terms of individual determinants ...
Imai Cindy Mari CM Unit for Nutrition Research, Landspitali-National University Hospital of Iceland, Eiriksgata 29, Reykjavik 101, Iceland. - - 2014
Rapid growth during infancy is associated with increased risk of overweight and obesity and differences in weight gain are at least partly explained by means of infant feeding. The aim was to assess the associations between infant feeding practice in early infancy and body mass index (BMI) at 6 years ...
Pryce Jeremy W JW Department of Histopathology, Camelia Botnar Laboratories, Great Ormond Street Hospital, Great Ormond Street, London WC1N 3JH, UK ; Institute of Child Health, UCL, London, - - 2014
Infancy is the most common period for childhood death, including both neonatal deaths from obstetric or medical complications and sudden unexpected infant deaths. The weighing of organs at autopsy is an established process and is recommended in current protocols. However, minimal contemporary data is available regarding reference ranges for organ ...
Sharma Deepak D Department of Neonatology, Fernandez Hospital, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, - - 2014
A full-term female baby, a product of non-consanguineous marriage, was born at 37 weeks of gestation with a birth weight of 2.08 kg. Antenatal scan at 31 weeks revealed complex congenital heart disease with a hypoplastic right ventricle, pulmonary atresia and an intact septum. Immediately after birth, the infant was shifted to the ...
Kondo Takeshi T Division of Diagnostic Molecular Pathology, Department of Community Medicine and Social Healthcare Science, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, Kobe, Japan - - 2014
Here the histopathology findings of placental infarction associated with late preterm birth are reported. The subject was a male neonate delivered at 34 weeks and 5 days of gestation with a birth weight of ∼2500 g. His mother had been diagnosed with a threatened premature birth at 27 weeks of ...
Moltu Sissel J SJ Department of Pediatrics, Oslo University Hospital, P.O. Box 4950 Nydalen, Oslo 0424, Norway. - - 2014
Objectives: Early nutrition influences metabolic programming and long-term health. We explored the urinary metabolite profiles of 48 premature infants (birth weight < 1500 g) randomized to an enhanced or a standard diet during neonatal hospitalization. Methods: Metabolomics using nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR) was conducted on urine samples obtained during ...
Kreutzer K K Department of Neonatology, University Children's Hospital Tübingen, Tübingen, - - 2014
Caffeine, a methylxanthine and nonspecific inhibitor of adenosine receptors, is an example of a drug that has been in use for more than 40 years. It is one of the most commonly prescribed drugs in neonatal medicine. However, until 2006, it had only a few relatively small and short-term studies ...
Feeney Audrey A Department of Biological Sciences, Cork Institute of Technology, Rossa Avenue, Bishopstown, Cork, - - 2014
Bacteria respond to elevated osmolality by the accumulation of a range of low molecular weight molecules, known as compatible solutes (owing to their compatibility with the cells' normal physiology at high internal concentrations). The neonatal pathogen Cronobacter sakazakii is uniquely osmotolerant, surviving in powdered infant formula (PIF) which typically has ...
El-Gilany Abdel-Hady AH 0000-0001-9376-6985 Faculty of Medicine, Mansoura University, Mansoura 35516, - - 2014
Background. Prelacteal feed (feeding any other substance before first breastfeeding) appears to be common despite its harmful effects. By definition a child provided with prelacteal feed (PLF) is not exclusively breastfed and PLF has many implications for the success and early initiation of breastfeeding. Objectives. To describe the prevalence of, ...
Macdonald Erin M EM Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, The University of Western Ontario, London, ON, Canada N6A 5C1 ; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The University of Western Ontario, London, ON, Canada N6A 5C1 ; Children Health Research Institute, London, ON, Canada N6C - - 2014
The placental weight ratio (PWR) is a health indicator that reflects the balance between fetal and placental growth. The PWR is defined as the placental weight divided by the birth weight, and it changes across gestation. Its ranges are not well established. We aimed to establish PWR distributions by gestational ...
Hulzebos Christian V CV Department of Neonatology, Beatrix Children's Hospital, University Medical Center Groningen, Groningen, The - - 2014
High bilirubin/albumin (B/A) ratios increase the risk of bilirubin neurotoxicity. The B/A ratio may be a valuable measure, in addition to the total serum bilirubin (TSB), in the management of hyperbilirubinemia. We aimed to assess whether the additional use of B/A ratios in the management of hyperbilirubinemia in preterm infants ...
Markel Troy A TA Department of Surgery, Section of Pediatric Surgery, Riley Hospital for Children at Indiana University Health, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana, - - 2014
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) remains a very devastating problem within the very low birth weight neonatal population. Several experimental therapies are being tested in animal models and soon may be ready for human trials. Despite this progress, we currently have no way to identify infants who would be optimal targets for ...
Brouillet Sophie S 0000-0003-3354-1551 Gynaecology, Obstetric and Reproductive Medicine Department, Grenoble University Hospital, BP 217, 38043 Grenoble Cedex, France ; Commissariat à l'Energie Atomique (CEA), DSV-iRTSV, 38043 Grenoble Cedex, France ; Université Grenoble-Alpes, 38041 Grenoble, France ; Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale U1036 (INSERM U1036), Laboratoire Biologie du Cancer et de l'Infection (BCI), Laboratoire BCI-iRTSV, CEA Grenoble, 17 rue des Martyrs, 38054 Grenoble Cedex 9, - - 2014
Study Question. To determine whether the umbilical cord insertion site of singleton pregnancies could be linked to the newborn birth weight at term and its individual growth potential achievement. Material and Methods. A cohort study including 528 records of term neonates was performed. Each neonate was assessed for growth adjusted ...
Ye Jiangfeng J MOE-Shanghai Key Laboratory of Children's Environmental Health, Xinhua Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, - - 2014
Macrosomia has been defined in various ways by obstetricians and researchers. The purpose of the present study was to search for a definition of macrosomia through an outcome-based approach. In a study of 30,831,694 singleton term live births and 38,053 stillbirths in the U.S. Linked Birth-Infant Death Cohort datasets (1995-2004), ...
Gunay Murat M Department of Ophthalmology, Zeynep Kamil Women and Childrens' Diseases Education and Research Hospital, Istanbul 34668, - - 2014
To evaluate the central corneal thickness (CCT) measurements of premature infants. The premature infants who were born between 25-34wk of gestational age (GA) were retrieved for the study. All CCT measurements were performed within the first 2d of their life under topical anesthesia by using an ultrasonic pachymeter. The mean ...
Rangey Priya Singh PS S.B.B. College of Physiotherapy, V.S. Hospital Campus, Ellisbridge, Ahmedabad, Gujarat 380006, - - 2014
Background. Massage therapy (MT) and kangaroo mother care (KMC) are both effective in increasing the weight and reducing length of hospital stay in low birth weight preterm infants but they have not been compared. Aim. Comparison of effectiveness of MT and KMC on body weight and length of hospital stay ...
Rao Chythra R CR Department of Community Medicine, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal University, Manipal, Karnataka 576104, - - 2014
Introduction. Preterm birth is the leading cause of newborn deaths and the second leading cause of death in children under five years old. Three-quarters of them could be saved with current, cost-effective interventions. The aim of this study was to identify the risk factors of preterm birth in a secondary ...
Morken Nils-Halvdan NH Department of Global Public Health and Primary Care, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway; Department of Clinical Sciences, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen, - - 2014
The relationship of maternal glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in pregnancy to fetal size needs to be better characterized as it impacts an ongoing debate about confounding effect of maternal GFR in investigations of important environmental contaminants. We aimed to characterize the size of the association between maternal GFR and infant ...
Haschke Ferdinand F Nestlé Nutrition Institute, Vevey, - - 2014
Data from 3 recently completed studies were pooled and analyzed to answer the question whether breastfed infants of overweight/obese mothers show accelerated growth. It was shown that these infants gain weight faster than indicated by the WHO standards and that they grow significantly faster than infants of lean mothers. The ...
Ross Michael G MG Perinatal Research Laboratories, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, Calif., - - 2014
Obesity is often attributed to a Western lifestyle, a high-fat diet and decreased activity. While these factors certainly contribute to adult obesity, compelling data from our laboratory and others indicate that this explanation is oversimplified. Recent studies strongly argue that maternal/fetal under- or overnutrition predisposes the offspring to become hyperphagic ...
Rose Jessica J Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA ; Motion Analysis Lab, Lucile Packard Children's Hospital, Stanford, CA, - - 2014
Structural brain abnormalities identified at near-term age have been recognized as potential predictors of neurodevelopment in children born preterm. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between neonatal physiological risk factors and early brain structure in very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) preterm infants using structural MRI and diffusion tensor imaging ...
Yarnoff Benjamin B RTI International , Research Triangle Park, NC , - - 2014
We explore the complex factors associated with infant feeding by analyzing what mother, infant, and household factors are associated with the types of food given to infants. We seek to quantify associations in order to inform public health policy about the importance of target populations for infant feeding programs. We ...
Grollmuss Oswin O Centre Chirurgical Marie Lannelongue, INSERM 999, Université Paris XI Sud , Orsay , - - 2014
Cardiac output (CO) measurement in low (LBW) and very low (VLBW) birth weight infants is difficult. Hitherto, sporadical transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) is the only non-invasive measurement method. Electrical velocimetry (EV) has been evaluated as an alternative in normal weight newborns. The study was designed to evaluate if EV could be ...
Nakashima Jun-Ichi JI Department of Pediatrics, Kansai Medical - - 2014
Elective Cesarean section performed before 39 weeks of gestation may be associated with increased risk of neonatal complications. We retrospectively investigated differences in the neonatal complication rate between 684 newborns delivered by elective Cesarean section at 37 weeks of gestation (n = 390) and those delivered by the same procedure ...
Melnik Bodo C BC Department of Dermatology, Environmental Medicine and Health Theory, University of Osnabrück, Sedanstrasse 115, DE-49090 Osnabrück, - - 2014
This article provides a new view of the cellular mechanisms that have been proposed to explain the links between infant formula feeding and the development of atopy and obesity. Epidemiological evidence points to an allergy- and obesity-preventive effect of breastfeeding. Both allergy and obesity development have been traced back to ...
Perrone Serafina - - 2014
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a devastating and common disease of very low birth weight (VLBW) infants with a mortality rate of 10% to 50% and a significant cause of morbidity in survivors. The incidence of NEC has increased from 5% to 7% in the last decades and this rate is ...
Zhou Youyou Y Institutes of Biomedical Sciences, State Key Laboratory of Genetic Engineering and MOE Key Laboratory of Contemporary Anthropology, School of Life Sciences, Fudan University, Shanghai, - - 2014
A retrospective case control study of breast-fed full-term infants was carried out to determine whether variants in Uridine Diphosphate Glucuronosyl Transferase 1A1 (UGT1A1) and Heme Oxygenase-1 (HMOX1) were associated with neonatal hyperbilirubinemia. Eight genetic variants of UGT1A1 and 3 genetic variants of HMOX1 were genotyped in 170 hyperbilirubinemic newborns and ...
Ball Stephen J SJ Telethon Kids Institute, University of Western Australia, PO Box 855, West Perth, WA 6872, Australia - - 2014
To re-evaluate the causal effect of interpregnancy interval on adverse birth outcomes, on the basis that previous studies relying on between mother comparisons may have inadequately adjusted for confounding by maternal risk factors. Retrospective cohort study using conditional logistic regression (matching two intervals per mother so each mother acts as ...
Dai Li L National Center for Birth Defects Monitoring, West China Second University Hospital of Sichuan University, Chengdu, People's Republic of China; Key Laboratory of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Pediatric Diseases and Birth Defects of the Ministry of Education, West China Second University Hospital of Sichuan University, Chengdu, People's Republic of - - 2014
To develop a reference of population-based gestational age-specific birth weight percentiles for contemporary Chinese. Birth weight data was collected by the China National Population-based Birth Defects Surveillance System. A total of 1,105,214 live singleton births aged ≥28 weeks of gestation without birth defects during 2006-2010 were included. The lambda-mu-sigma method ...
Liu Qing Q Department of Ophthalmology, Children's Hospital, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China - - 2014
Background The aim of this study was to screen for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in southwestern China and understand the prevalence and risk factors of ROP, which may provide evidence useful in the prevention and treatment of ROP. Material and Methods 1864 preterm infants (gestational age of <37 weeks and ...
Moshfeghi Darius M DM *Department of Ophthalmology, Stanford University, Stanford, California; and †Department of Ophthalmology, Bascom Palmer Eye Institute, University of Miami, Miami, - - 2014
To describe exudative retinal detachment following laser photocoagulation after 40 weeks of postmenstrual age (PMA) for retinopathy of prematurity in premature infants, its medical management, and outcomes. Two pediatric vitreoretinal surgeons at 2 different quaternary care institutions retrospectively identified children who received laser photocoagulation after 40 weeks of PMA and ...
Wells Jonathan C K JC Childhood Nutrition Research Centre, UCL Institute of Child Health, 30 Guilford Street, London WC1N 1EH, UK - - 2014
Developmental plasticity underlies widespread associations between early-life exposures and many components of adult phenotype, including the risk of chronic diseases. Humans take almost two decades to reach reproductive maturity, and yet the 'critical windows' of physiological sensitivity that confer developmental plasticity tend to close during fetal life or infancy. While ...
Gadhia Monika M MM Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, NY. Electronic address: - - 2013
To assess whether the combination of early inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) therapy and vitamin A supplementation lowers the incidence of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in premature newborns with respiratory failure. A total of 793 mechanically ventilated infants (birth weight 500-1250 g) were randomized (after stratification by birth weight) to receive placebo ...
Higuchi Ryuzo R Departments of Perinatal Medicine, - - 2013
We report the features of neuroimaging within 24 hours after birth in 2 siblings with molybdenum cofactor deficiency. The first sibling was delivered by emergency cesarean section because of fetal distress and showed pedaling and crawling seizures soon after birth. Brain ultrasound revealed subcortical multicystic lesions in the frontal white ...
Youn Young-Ah YA Department of Pediatrics, Catholic Medical College, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, Seoul, Republic of Korea, - - 2013
This study aimed to determine whether primary surgical closure of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is a risk factor for morbidity and mortality compared with secondary surgical ligation. The study enrolled 178 very-low-birth-weight infants. The surgical group included 34 patients who did not respond to pharmacologic intervention and eventually required ligation ...
Davis A S AS Division of Neonatal and Developmental Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA, - - 2013
Objective:Severe intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) is an important prognostic variable in extremely preterm (EPT) infants. We examined imaging and clinical variables that predict outcomes in EPT infants with severe ICH.Study design:Retrospective analysis of 353 EPT infants with severe ICH. Outcomes were compared by examining: (i) unilateral vs bilateral ICH; and (ii) ...
Chen Yi - - 2013
Low birth weight (LBW) is one of the leading causes of adverse perinatal outcomes and is closely related to neonatal disease and death. The incidence of LBW has been increasing. The aim of this study was to investigate the current incidence rate and factors affecting low birth weight infants and ...
Allain D D INRA, UR631, SAGA, Chemin de borde rouge CS 52627, 31326 Castanet Tolosan, - - 2013
The Romane sheep breed proved to be adapted to harsh conditions with high prolificacy and lamb survival in outdoor farming even under bad climate conditions. This breed shows large variability in its fleece type at birth and it has been suggested that lamb survival could be related to birthcoat type. ...
Lek Ngee N Department of Paediatrics, University of Cambridge, , Cambridge, - - 2014
The diagnosis of partial androgen insensitivity syndrome (PAIS) should be reserved for infants with a pathogenic androgen receptor gene (AR) mutation. However, only about 20% of infants with a clinical phenotype akin to PAIS have an AR mutation. We aimed to identify clinical features associated with the presence of an ...
Madkour Aubrey Spriggs - - 2013
Although infants born to adolescent mothers are at increased risk of adverse birth outcomes, little is known about contributors to birth outcomes in this group. Given past research linking partner abuse to adverse birth outcomes among adult mothers, we explored associations between pre-pregnancy verbal and physical dating violence and the ...
Kothari Catherine L CL Catherine L. Kothari is with the Department of Emergency Medicine, Western Michigan University School of Medicine, Kalamazoo. Ruth Zielinski is with the Western Michigan University School of Nursing, Kalamazoo. Arthur James is with the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Ohio State University, Columbus. Remitha M. Charoth is with the Department of Psychiatry, Western Michigan University School of Medicine. Luz del Carmen Sweezy is with Healthy Babies Healthy Start, Kalamazoo County Department of Health and Community Services, - - 2013
Objectives. We determined whether participation in Healthy Babies Healthy Start (HBHS), a maternal health program emphasizing racial equity and delivering services through case management home visitation, was associated with improved birth outcomes for Black women relative to White women. Methods. We used a matched-comparison posttest-only design in which we selected ...
Edmunds Lynn S LS Lynn S. Edmunds and Jackson P. Sekhobo are with the Evaluation, Research, and Surveillance Unit, Division of Nutrition, New York State Department of Health, Albany. Barbara A. Dennison and Howard H. Stratton are with the Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University at Albany, State University of New York, Albany. Barbara A. Dennison is also with the Policy and Research Translation Unit, Division of Chronic Disease Prevention, New York State Department of Health, Albany. Mary Ann Chiasson is with Public Health Solutions, New York, NY. Kirsten K. Davison is with the Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, - - 2013
Objectives. We tested the hypothesis that early enrollment in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC) is associated with a reduced risk of rapid infant weight gain (RIWG). Methods. We used a longitudinal cohort of mother-infant pairs (n = 157 590) enrolled in WIC in New York State from ...
Zahran Sammy S Sammy Zahran and Bruce G. Link are with the Department of Epidemiology, Columbia University, Mailman School of Public Health, New York, NY. Ian M. Breunig is with the Pharmaceutical Health Services Research Department University of Maryland, School of Pharmacy, Baltimore. Jeffrey G. Snodgrass is with the Department of Anthropology, and Stephan Weiler is with the Department of Economics, Colorado State University, Fort - - 2013
Objectives. We analyzed singleton births to determine the relationship between birth weight and altitude exposure. Methods. We analyzed 715 213 singleton births across 74 counties from the western states of Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, and Washington from January 1, 2000, to December 31, 2000. Birth ...
Ruiz T L TL 1] Health Fellows Program, Trinity College, Hartford, CT, USA [2] Clinical Trials Unit, Connecticut Children's Medical Center, Hartford, CT, USA [3] Division of Neonatology, Connecticut Children's Medical Center, Hartford, CT, - - 2013
Objective:The objective of this study was to compare hand-transcribed oxygen saturation (SpO2) with electronic oximeter data in very low birth weight infants (VLBWI, <1500 g).Study Design:Oximeter data were downloaded from birth through 36 weeks postmenstrual age (PMA) for VLBWI before and after interventions to improve neonatal intensive care unit oxygen management. ...
Elder Todd E TE Todd E. Elder, John H. Goddeeris, and Steven J. Haider are with the Department of Economics, Michigan State University, East Lansing. Nigel Paneth is with the Departments of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Michigan State - - 2013
Objectives. We examined how changes in demographic, geographic, and childbearing risk factors were related to changes in the Black-White infant mortality rate (IMR) gap over 2 decades. Methods. Using 1983-2004 Vital Statistics, we applied inverse probability weighting methods to examine the relationship between risk factors and 3 outcomes: the overall ...
Witt Whitney P WP At the time of the study, all authors were with the Department of Health Sciences, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, - - 2014
We sought to determine if and to what extent a woman's exposure to stressful life events prior to conception (PSLEs) were associated with subsequent infant birth weight by using a nationally representative sample of US women. We examined 9350 mothers and infants participating in the first wave of the Early ...
Davis Regina R RR Regina R. Davis, Sandra L. Hofferth, and Edmond D. Shenassa are with the Maternal and Child Health Program, Department of Family Science, University of Maryland, College Park. Regina R. Davis is also with the American Public Health Association, Washington, DC. Edmond D. Shenassa is also with the Department of Epidemiology, University of Maryland, College - - 2014
We examined the association of prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) and gestational weight gain (GWG) with risk of death during infancy using the Institute of Medicine's (IOM's) Pregnancy Weight Gain Guidelines. We obtained maternal and infant data for 2004-2008 from 159,244 women with a singleton, full-term, live birth in the ...
Giannì Maria Lorella ML 1Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Department of Clinical Science and Community Health, Fondazione IRCCS "Ca' Granda" Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, University of Milan, - - 2013
Background:Early feeding choices may affect long-term health outcomes. Therefore, understanding body composition changes in healthy breastfed infants has become an important research focus.Objectives:The aims of this review were to investigate the body composition changes that occur during weight loss in breastfed term newborns and to examine body composition differences between ...
Class Quetzal A - - 2013
Associations between low birth weight (≤2,500 g) and increased risk of mortality and morbidity provided the foundation for the "developmental origins of health and disease" hypothesis. Previous between-family studies could not control for unmeasured confounders. Therefore, we compared differentially exposed siblings to estimate the extent to which the associations were ...
Brownell Elizabeth A EA The Connecticut Human Milk Research Center, Division of Neonatology, Connecticut Children's Medical Center, Hartford, - - 2013
Objective The aim of this study is to construct a predictive model for very low birth weight (VLBW) infants' receipt of mother's own milk within 24 hours before neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) discharge. Study Design Vermont Oxford Network (VON) clinical data were analyzed retrospectively for VLBW infants admitted between 2002 and ...
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >