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Yu Honghua H Department of Ophthalmology, General Hospital of Guangzhou Military Command of PLA, Guangzhou, China; State Key Laboratory of Ophthalmology, Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, - - 2014
Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is the leading cause of blindness in preterm infants. In this study, we investigated the cytokine levels in cord blood of normal preterm neonates and preterm infants developed ROP. Serum levels of 10 cytokines in umbilical cord blood were measured by multiplex protein arrays from 62 ...
Yerushalmy-Feler Anat A Department of Neonatology, Tel-Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel-Aviv University, Tel-Aviv, Israel; Child Neurology and Development Unit, Department of Pediatric Neurosurgery, Tel-Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel-Aviv University, Tel-Aviv, - - 2014
To determine the impact of fetal growth on postnatal amplitude-integrated electroencephalography (aEEG) and power spectrum electroencephalography (EEG) data in preterm infants born with intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). We defined IUGR as birth weight <10th percentile, and control as birth weight appropriate for gestational age (GA). We performed single-channel (C3-C4) EEG ...
Chen Limei L Department of Environmental Health, School of Public Health, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, 200025, - - 2014
Manganese (Mn) is an essential mineral nutrient in mammals. The physiological role of Mn in animal models is well documented, but little is known about the adverse effects of Mn deficiency or overexposure in humans, including pregnancy outcomes such as birth weight. We examined the relationship of the maternal and ...
Liu Zhe Z Department of Biostatistics, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, United States; State Key Laboratory of Environmental Criteria and Risk Assessment & Environmental Standards Institute, Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences, Beijing, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
Localized birth weight references for gestational age serve as an essential tool in accurate evaluation of atypical birth outcomes (e.g. small for gestational age) in clinical diagnosis and region-specific epidemiological studies. Such standards are currently not available in Mainland China. To construct up-to-date, sex- and parity-specific birth weight references based ...
Levy-Shraga Yael Y Pediatric Endocrine and Diabetes Unit, Edmond and Lily Safra Children's Hospital, Sheba Medical Center, Ramat Gan, Israel, 52621, 972526667388 ; - - 2014
Background: Overt neonatal Graves' disease is rare, but may be severe, even life-threatening, with deleterious effects on neural development. The main objective of this study was to describe the course of thyrotropin (TSH) and free thyroxin (FT4) levels, as well as postnatal weight gain in relation to FT4 levels, in ...
Rhie Young-Jun YJ 0000-0002-1250-6469 Department of Pediatrics, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
Exposure to endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs), particularly during developmental periods, gives rise to a variety of adverse health outcomes. Bisphenol A (BPA) is a well-known EDC commonly found in plastic products including food and water containers, baby bottles, and metal can linings. This study investigates infant exposure to BPA and ...
McKenzie Lisa M LM Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, Colorado School of Public Health, Aurora, Colorado, - - 2014
Birth defects are a leading cause of neonatal mortality. Natural gas development (NGD) emits several potential teratogens and US production is expanding. We examined associations between maternal residential proximity to NGD and birth outcomes in a retrospective cohort study of 124,842 births between 1996 and 2009 in rural Colorado. We ...
Voller Stephannie Baehl SB Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine and Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Preterm infants are at risk for postnatal growth failure (PGF). Identification of biomarkers that are associated with neonatal growth may help reduce PGF and associated long-term morbidity. To investigate the associations between cord blood vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and its soluble receptor (sFlt-1) with birth weight (BW) and postnatal ...
Bhakhri Bhanu Kiran - - 2014
Background: It is inappropriate to use universal cut-off points to interpret stretched penile length (SPL) measurements in newborns with variable body dimensions. Aim: To assess neonatal SPL on the basis of gestational maturity and anthropometric parameters at birth. Methods: A cross-sectional observational study of SPL was conducted on stable newborns ...
Waruingi Wambui W Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, Metro Health Medical Center, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, OH, 44109, - - 2014
To determine the characteristics and outcomes of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants. A retrospective case-control study of all ELBW infants admitted to a level III neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) between January 1, 2003 and December 31, 2010. During the study period, 450 ELBW ...
Ofek Shlomai Noa N Department of Neonatology, Hadassah and Hebrew University Medical Center, Jerusalem, - - 2014
To assess whether the postnatal growth of preterm very low birth weight (VLBW) infants, as determined by measures of postnatal growth failure (PNGF), improved during the period 1995-2010 and to evaluate postnatal growth by gestational age (GA) and intrauterine growth groups. The study was based on the Israel national VLBW ...
Brown A A Department of Public Health and Policy Studies, Swansea University, UK. SA2 8PP. Electronic address: - - 2014
Maternal eating behaviour (e.g. restraint, disinhibition) has been associated with maternal child-feeding style (e.g. pressure to eat, restricting intake, monitoring) for children over the age of two years. In particular, mothers high in restraint are significantly more likely to restrict and monitor their child's intake of food. Research has not ...
Agostini Francesca F Department of Psychology, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
The study evaluated the quality of preterm infant-mother interactions, considering severity of birth weight (ELBW and VLBW) and maternal depression, compared to full term babies. 69 preterm infants (29 ELBW and 40 VLBW) and 80 full-term (FT) infants and their mothers were recruited. At 3 months of corrected age, the ...
Baker Arthur M AM Memorial Health University Medical Center, Mercer School of Medicine, Savannah Campus, 4750 Waters Avenue, Suite 302, Savannah, GA, 31404, USA, - - 2014
Our aim was to estimate the perinatal risk factors associated with spontaneous preterm birth in the teenage parturient. In a cohort study of all nulliparous teen (≤18-year old) deliveries over a 4-year period at one institution, we identified all cases of spontaneous preterm birth as defined by non-indicated delivery prior ...
Godang Kristin K K Godang, Oslo, 0027, - - 2014
Neonatal body fat is an important indicator of foetal energy supply and growth with potential importance for long-term health. In this study, we wanted to explore seasonal variation of 25(OH)D in maternal and umbilical cord plasma (UCP); to examine whether maternal and foetal 25(OH)D levels were associated with maternal BMI ...
Grytten Jostein J Department of Community Dentistry, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Institute of Clinical Medicine, Akershus University Hospital, Lørenskog, Norway. Electronic address: - - 2014
Birth weight is an important predictor of health and success in later life. Little is known about the effect of mothers' education on birth weight. A few causal analyses have been done, but they show conflicting results. We estimated the effect of mothers' education on birth weight by using data ...
Ekéus Cecilia - - 2014
Few studies have focused on cerebral complications among newborn infants delivered by vacuum extraction (VE). The aim of this study was to determine the risk for intracranial haemorrhage and/or cerebral dysfunction in newborn infants delivered by VE and to compare this risk with that after cesarean section in labour (CS) ...
Khanal Vishnu - - 2014
The global Low Birth Weight (LBW) rate is reported to be 15.5% with more than 95% of these LBW infants being from developing countries. LBW is a major factor associated with neonatal deaths in developing countries. The determinants of low birth weight in Nepal have rarely been studied. This study ...
Pereira-da-Silva Luis - - 2014
When using the useful 2013 Fenton Chart, data should be interpreted with caution taking into account two aspects: the physiologic loss of body water after birth for the weight curves, and the questionable accuracy of the birth length curves considering the heterogeneity and reliability of the methods used in the ...
van Wijngaarden Edwin E Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, NY; Department of Environmental Medicine, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, NY. Electronic address: - - 2014
Epidemiologic studies have been inconclusive regarding the impact of coexposure to long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA) and methylmercury (MeHg) from fish consumption during pregnancy on measures of fetal development. We evaluated the association between birth weight and prenatal maternal LCPUFA status and MeHg exposure in the Republic of Seychelles. ...
Bain J J 1] Duke University Medical Center, Duke Clinical Research Institute, Durham, NC, USA [2] Department of Pediatrics, Duke University Medical Center, Duke University, Durham, NC, - - 2014
Objective:Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is associated with a significant morbidity and mortality in premature infants. We sought to identify the frequency of NEC in very-low-birth-weight infants with isolated ventricular septal defects (VSDs) or atrial septal defects (ASDs) using a large multicenter database.Study design:We identified a cohort of infants with birth weight ...
Gavard Jeffrey A JA Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Women's Health, Saint Louis University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO, - - 2014
Limited data is available that estimates the effect of gestational weight gain on maternal and neonatal outcomes in term twin pregnancies in obese women. A historical cohort study of 831 obese (BMI ≥30.0 kg/m2) women in Missouri delivering 1,662 liveborn, term (≥37 weeks gestation) twin infants in 1998-2005 was conducted. ...
Katz Yitzhak Y Allergy and Immunology Institute, Assaf Harofeh Medical Center, Zerifin, Israel, - - 2014
Since 1943, cases of sensitization or allergy to soy-based formulas (SBFs) have been described without any consensus on their real prevalence. We identified the adjusted prevalence of IgE-mediated soy allergies in children and performed a secondary analysis of the impact of age (less than and more than 6 months). We performed ...
Demerath Ellen W EW Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, University of Minnesota School of Public Health, Minneapolis, Minnesota, - - 2014
Body composition assessment provides a sharper picture of the human biological response to genetic and environmental influences than measures of body size and weight. Infant body composition is particularly important as a marker of fetal adaptation and developmental programming of subsequent health and disease, but until recently, the range of ...
Brown Lisa F LF School of Nursing, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA, - - 2014
To describe maternal behaviors occurring before infant regulated or dysregulated behavior at three times in early infancy and examine behavioral patterns over time with their prematurely born infants. Video recordings of 37 dyads were coded on infant regulated and dysregulated behaviors following maternal soothing and stimulating behaviors. At each time, ...
Hermansson Henriina H Department of Paediatrics, University of Turku and Turku University Hospital, Turku, - - 2014
Background: Caesarean section rates have increased in parallel with those of obesity. Decreased levels of adiponectin, an adipocyte-derived metabolic hormone present in abundant concentrations in cord blood and breast milk, have been documented in association with obesity in children and adults. Objective: To determine whether the mode of delivery affects ...
Wylie Blair J - - 2014
Smoke from biomass burning has been linked to reduced birth weight; association with other birth outcomes is poorly understood. Our objective was to evaluate effects of exposure to biomass smoke on birth weight, preterm birth and stillbirth. Information on household cooking fuel was available for secondary analysis from two cohorts ...
Chen Shen-Dar SD Department of Pediatrics, Ditmanson Medical Foundation Chiayi Christian Hospital, Chiayi City, - - 2014
Neonatal intensive care has changed dramatically over the past few decades and the survival of infants has generally improved in many countries. The purpose of this study was to explore the recent evolution of mortality and morbidities among very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants in southern Taiwan. We retrospectively reviewed the medical records ...
Malin G L GL School of Medicine, the University of Nottingham, Nottingham, - - 2014
Intrauterine growth restriction is a cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality. A variety of definitions of low birthweight are used in clinical practice, with a lack of consensus regarding which definitions best predict adverse outcomes. To evaluate the relationship between birthweight standards and neonatal outcome in term-born infants (at ≥ ...
Slyker Jennifer A - - 2014
Preterm birth (PTB), low birth weight (LBW) and small for gestational age (SGA) contribute to neonatal mortality. Maternal HIV-1 infection has been associated with an increased risk of PTB, but mechanisms underlying this association are undefined. We describe correlates and outcomes of PTB, LBW, and SGA in HIV-exposed uninfected infants. ...
Munden A A University of California, San Diego School of - - 2014
The etiology and exact incidence of infantile hemangiomas (IH) are unknown. Prior studies have noted immunohistochemical and biologic characteristics shared by IH and placental tissue. We investigated the possible association between placental anomalies and the development of IH, as well as the demographic characteristics and other risk factors for IH. ...
Roman Leeanne L Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology, College of Human Medicine, Michigan State University, East - - 2014
IMPORTANCE Policy makers and practitioners need rigorous evaluations of state-based Medicaid enhanced prenatal care programs that provide home visiting to guide improvements and inform future investments. Effects on adverse birth outcomes are of particular interest. OBJECTIVE To test if participation in the Michigan statewide enhanced prenatal care program, the Maternal ...
Svensson V V Karolinska Institutet, Department of Clinical Science, Intervention and Technology, Division of Pediatrics, Stockholm, - - 2014
To explore the simultaneous impact of parental adiposity and education level on infant growth from birth to 12 months, adjusting for known early-life risk factors for subsequent childhood obesity. Baseline data for 197 one-year-old children and their parents, participating in a longitudinal obesity intervention, were used. Obesity risk groups, high/low, ...
Cames Cecile C aInstitut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD), Montpellier, France bWHO, Reproductive Health and Research, Geneva, Switzerland cCentre Muraz, Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso dInternational Centre for Reproductive Health (ICRH), Mombasa, Kenya eInternational Centre for Reproductive Health, Ghent University, Belgium fCentre for International Health, Burnet Institute, Melbourne, Australia gUniversity of Nairobi, Kenya hAfrica Centre for Health and Population Studies, University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa iEunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland jNVPO/OASH/OS/DHHS, Washington, DC, USA. *The Kesho Bora Study Group members are listed in the acknowledgement - - 2014
To assess the relationship between infant feeding, triple-antiretroviral prophylaxis and weight from 2 weeks (baseline) to 6 months postpartum among HIV-infected mothers in a mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of HIV-prevention trial in five sub-Saharan African sites. HIV-infected pregnant women with CD4 cell counts of 200-500 cells/μl were counselled to choose breastfeeding to ...
Savajols Elodie E Department of Paediatrics, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire, Dijon, - - 2014
To determine whether there is a significant association between maternal haemoglobin measured before delivery and short-term neonatal outcome in very preterm neonates. We included prospectively all live births occurring from 25 to 32+6 weeks of gestation in a tertiary care centre between January 1(st) 2009 and December 31(st) 2011. Outborn ...
Melnik Bodo C BC Department of Dermatology, Environmental Medicine and Health Theory, University of Osnabrück, Sedanstrasse 115, DE-49090 Osnabrück, - - 2014
This article provides a new view of the cellular mechanisms that have been proposed to explain the links between infant formula feeding and the development of atopy and obesity. Epidemiological evidence points to an allergy- and obesity-preventive effect of breastfeeding. Both allergy and obesity development have been traced back to ...
Rangey Priya Singh PS S.B.B. College of Physiotherapy, V.S. Hospital Campus, Ellisbridge, Ahmedabad, Gujarat 380006, - - 2014
Background. Massage therapy (MT) and kangaroo mother care (KMC) are both effective in increasing the weight and reducing length of hospital stay in low birth weight preterm infants but they have not been compared. Aim. Comparison of effectiveness of MT and KMC on body weight and length of hospital stay ...
Moltu Sissel J SJ Department of Pediatrics, Oslo University Hospital, P.O. Box 4950 Nydalen, Oslo 0424, Norway. - - 2014
Objectives: Early nutrition influences metabolic programming and long-term health. We explored the urinary metabolite profiles of 48 premature infants (birth weight < 1500 g) randomized to an enhanced or a standard diet during neonatal hospitalization. Methods: Metabolomics using nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR) was conducted on urine samples obtained during ...
Brouillet Sophie S 0000-0003-3354-1551 Gynaecology, Obstetric and Reproductive Medicine Department, Grenoble University Hospital, BP 217, 38043 Grenoble Cedex, France ; Commissariat à l'Energie Atomique (CEA), DSV-iRTSV, 38043 Grenoble Cedex, France ; Université Grenoble-Alpes, 38041 Grenoble, France ; Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale U1036 (INSERM U1036), Laboratoire Biologie du Cancer et de l'Infection (BCI), Laboratoire BCI-iRTSV, CEA Grenoble, 17 rue des Martyrs, 38054 Grenoble Cedex 9, - - 2014
Study Question. To determine whether the umbilical cord insertion site of singleton pregnancies could be linked to the newborn birth weight at term and its individual growth potential achievement. Material and Methods. A cohort study including 528 records of term neonates was performed. Each neonate was assessed for growth adjusted ...
Grollmuss Oswin O Centre Chirurgical Marie Lannelongue, INSERM 999, Université Paris XI Sud , Orsay , - - 2014
Cardiac output (CO) measurement in low (LBW) and very low (VLBW) birth weight infants is difficult. Hitherto, sporadical transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) is the only non-invasive measurement method. Electrical velocimetry (EV) has been evaluated as an alternative in normal weight newborns. The study was designed to evaluate if EV could be ...
Amano Shizuka S Nagoya University School of Medicine, Nagoya, Japan. - - 2014
Low birth weight (LBW) is a major risk factor for neonatal death. However, most neonates in low-income countries are not weighed at birth. This results in many LBW infants being overlooked. Female community health volunteers (FCHVs) in Nepal are non-health professionals who are living in local communities and have already ...
Ning Ning N Radiology Department of The First Affiliated Hospital, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shaanxi, People's Republic of China ; Nuclear Medicine Department of The Second Affiliate Hospital, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shaanxi, People's Republic of - - 2014
Iron deposition and white matter (WM) maturation are very important for brain development in infants. It has been reported that the R2* and phase values originating from the gradient-echo sequence could both reflect the iron and myelination. The aim of this study was to investigate age-related changes of R2* and ...
Liu Gongshu G Tianjin Women's and Children's Health Center, Tianjin 300070, - - 2014
Aims. We aim to evaluate the association of maternal gestational oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) glucose concentrations with anthropometry in the offspring from birth to 12 months in Tianjin, China. Methods. A total of 27,157 pregnant women underwent OGTT during 26-30 weeks gestation, and their children had body weight/length measured ...
Markel Troy A TA Department of Surgery, Section of Pediatric Surgery, Riley Hospital for Children at Indiana University Health, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana, - - 2014
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) remains a very devastating problem within the very low birth weight neonatal population. Several experimental therapies are being tested in animal models and soon may be ready for human trials. Despite this progress, we currently have no way to identify infants who would be optimal targets for ...
El-Gilany Abdel-Hady AH 0000-0001-9376-6985 Faculty of Medicine, Mansoura University, Mansoura 35516, - - 2014
Background. Prelacteal feed (feeding any other substance before first breastfeeding) appears to be common despite its harmful effects. By definition a child provided with prelacteal feed (PLF) is not exclusively breastfed and PLF has many implications for the success and early initiation of breastfeeding. Objectives. To describe the prevalence of, ...
Kreutzer K K Department of Neonatology, University Children's Hospital Tübingen, Tübingen, - - 2014
Caffeine, a methylxanthine and nonspecific inhibitor of adenosine receptors, is an example of a drug that has been in use for more than 40 years. It is one of the most commonly prescribed drugs in neonatal medicine. However, until 2006, it had only a few relatively small and short-term studies ...
Nakashima Jun-Ichi JI Department of Pediatrics, Kansai Medical - - 2014
Elective Cesarean section performed before 39 weeks of gestation may be associated with increased risk of neonatal complications. We retrospectively investigated differences in the neonatal complication rate between 684 newborns delivered by elective Cesarean section at 37 weeks of gestation (n = 390) and those delivered by the same procedure ...
Maini Baljeet B Department of Pediatrics, Maharishi Markandeshwar Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Mullana, Ambala, Haryana, - - 2014
Increase in the survival of preterm neonates has led to increased incidence of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). Among various risk factors, only prematurity is well-established and role of others is still not clear. Effect of antenatal betamethasone on ROP severity is also controversial. Available literature from India has a paucity ...
Andersen Andreas A Research Center for Vitamins & Vaccines (CVIVA), Bandim Health Project, Statens Serum Institute, Copenhagen, Denmark; Bandim Health Project, Indepth Network, Bissau, - - 2014
The mechanisms behind heterologous immunity and non-specific effects of vaccines on mortality are not well understood. We examined associations between cytokine responses and subsequent mortality in low-birth-weight infants in Guinea-Bissau. A low-birth-weight trial randomized children to Bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) at birth or later according to local policy. Blood samples were ...
Ball Stephen J SJ Telethon Kids Institute, University of Western Australia, PO Box 855, West Perth, WA 6872, Australia - - 2014
To re-evaluate the causal effect of interpregnancy interval on adverse birth outcomes, on the basis that previous studies relying on between mother comparisons may have inadequately adjusted for confounding by maternal risk factors. Retrospective cohort study using conditional logistic regression (matching two intervals per mother so each mother acts as ...
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