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Results 351 - 400 of 2654
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Fenton Tanis R - - 2014
No growth chart has resolved what to do with the physiologic postnatal weight loss when extracellular water is decreased. Nevertheless, the Fenton Growth Chart provides the most comprehensive comparison to the current growth standard for the preterm infant particularly with growth after return to birthweight. Existing postnatal growth references have ...
Wohlfahrt-Veje Christine C Department of Growth and Reproduction, The Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, University Hospital of Copenhagen, Rigshospitalet, University of Copenhagen, 5064, Rigshospitalet, Blegdamsvej 9, 2100 Copenhagen Ø, - - 2014
Experimental studies have shown that dioxin-like chemicals may interfere with aspects of the endocrine system including growth. However, human background population studies are, however, scarce. We aimed to investigate whether early exposure of healthy infants to dioxin-like chemicals was associated with changes in early childhood growth and serum IGF1. In ...
Wilson Ann L AL Department of Teaching, USD Sanford School of Medicine, - - 2014
In 2012, South Dakota experienced a 2.1 percent increase in births over the previous year. Despite an overall decrease in low birth weight, in 2012, the South Dakota infant mortality rate (8.6) surpassed its rate for the past 12 years with a 30 percent increase over its mean rate for ...
Ning Ning N Radiology Department of The First Affiliated Hospital, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shaanxi, People's Republic of China ; Nuclear Medicine Department of The Second Affiliate Hospital, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shaanxi, People's Republic of - - 2014
Iron deposition and white matter (WM) maturation are very important for brain development in infants. It has been reported that the R2* and phase values originating from the gradient-echo sequence could both reflect the iron and myelination. The aim of this study was to investigate age-related changes of R2* and ...
Savajols Elodie E Department of Paediatrics, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire, Dijon, - - 2014
To determine whether there is a significant association between maternal haemoglobin measured before delivery and short-term neonatal outcome in very preterm neonates. We included prospectively all live births occurring from 25 to 32+6 weeks of gestation in a tertiary care centre between January 1(st) 2009 and December 31(st) 2011. Outborn ...
Kothiwale Shaila V - - 2014
Purpose: To investigate the association between maternal periodontal disease and its effect on haemoglobin levels and low birth weight infants. Materials and Methods: This observational study included 770 mothers. Data regarding the periodontal status, pregnancy outcome variables, haemoglobin levels (Hb%) and other factors that may contribute to adverse pregnancy outcomes ...
Yarnoff Benjamin B RTI International , Research Triangle Park, NC , - - 2014
Objectives: We explore the complex factors associated with infant feeding by analyzing what mother, infant, and household factors are associated with the types of food given to infants. We seek to quantify associations in order to inform public health policy about the importance of target populations for infant feeding programs. ...
Wilson Roneé E RE Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, College of Public Health, University of South Florida, 13201 Bruce B. Downs, MDC56, Tampa, FL 33612, - - 2014
The obstetric consequences of abnormal thyroid function during pregnancy have been established. Less understood is the influence of maternal thyroid autoantibodies on infant outcomes. The objective of this study was to examine the influence of maternal thyroperoxidase (TPO) status on fetal/infant brain and body growth. Six-hundred thirty-one (631) euthyroid pregnant ...
Vaudry Wendy W Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of - - 2014
To determine the rate of diagnosis; demographic, clinical and laboratory characteristics; and management of congenital cytomegalovirus (cCMV) cases identified by paediatricians in routine clinical practice in Canada. National active monthly surveillance of all clinically practicing general and subspecialty paediatricians in Canada was performed for cCMV from March 1, 2005 to ...
Reddy Sagili Chandrasekhara SC Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medical Sciences, University Sains Malaysia, Kubang Kerian 16150, Kelantan, - - 2014
Tono-pen measurement of intraocular pressure (IOP) under topical anaesthesia in full term normal newborns. The IOP measurements were taken using Tono-pen XL tonometer under topical anaesthesia in 150 newborns (300 eyes) within 24h after birth, over a period of three months, in a university hospital. Gender, gestation period, mode of ...
Chen Chien-Yi CY Graduate Institute of Clinical Medicine, National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei, Taiwan; Department of Pediatrics, National Taiwan University Hospital and National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei, - - 2014
The current recommendation of giving the first dose of hepatitis B vaccine to very low birth weight (VLBW) infants at 30 days of chronologic age usually is not practical, because most VLBW infants are not medically stable at that age. We use an alternative body-weight-based protocol, and evaluate its efficacy ...
Katz Joanne J Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of - - 2014
We use data from rural Nepal and South India to compare the prevalence of small-for-gestational-age (SGA) and neonatal mortality risk associated with SGA using different birth-weight-for-gestation reference populations. We identified 46 reference populations in low-, middle-, and high-income countries, of which 26 met the inclusion criteria of being commonly cited ...
Corvaglia Luigi L Neonatology and Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, S. Orsola-Malpighi Hospital, University of Bologna, Bologna, - - 2014
To elucidate the role of prenatal, neonatal and early postnatal variables in influencing the achievement of full enteral feeding (FEF) in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants and to determine whether neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) differ in this outcome. Population-based retrospective cohort study using data on 1,864 VLBW infants ...
Röhr S B SB University Hospital of Saarland, Medical School, Homburg, - - 2014
To assess the incidence of cardiac and metabolic adverse events in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants receiving systematic steroids. Prospective single centre audit in VLBW infants (<1,500 g) at the neonatal intensive care unit at the University Children's Hospital of Saarland, Germany. A total of 72 VLBW infants (38 ...
Wójkowska-Mach Jadwiga J Chair of Microbiology, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Kraków, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to describe the epidemiology of necrotising enterocolitis (NEC), antibiotic consumption and the usefulness of microbiological tests in very low birth weight (VLBW) Polish newborns. Prospective surveillance was performed in the year 2009 by local infection control teams. The study covered 910 infants hospitalized in ...
Amano Shizuka S Nagoya University School of Medicine, Nagoya, Japan. - - 2014
Low birth weight (LBW) is a major risk factor for neonatal death. However, most neonates in low-income countries are not weighed at birth. This results in many LBW infants being overlooked. Female community health volunteers (FCHVs) in Nepal are non-health professionals who are living in local communities and have already ...
Liu Gongshu G Tianjin Women's and Children's Health Center, Tianjin 300070, - - 2014
Aims. We aim to evaluate the association of maternal gestational oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) glucose concentrations with anthropometry in the offspring from birth to 12 months in Tianjin, China. Methods. A total of 27,157 pregnant women underwent OGTT during 26-30 weeks gestation, and their children had body weight/length measured ...
Andersen Andreas A Research Center for Vitamins & Vaccines (CVIVA), Bandim Health Project, Statens Serum Institute, Copenhagen, Denmark; Bandim Health Project, Indepth Network, Bissau, - - 2014
The mechanisms behind heterologous immunity and non-specific effects of vaccines on mortality are not well understood. We examined associations between cytokine responses and subsequent mortality in low-birth-weight infants in Guinea-Bissau. A low-birth-weight trial randomized children to Bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) at birth or later according to local policy. Blood samples were ...
Grollmuss Oswin O Centre Chirurgical Marie Lannelongue, INSERM 999, Université Paris XI Sud , Orsay , - - 2014
Background: Cardiac output (CO) measurement in low (LBW) and very low (VLBW) birth weight infants is difficult. Hitherto, sporadical transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) is the only non-invasive measurement method. Electrical velocimetry (EV) has been evaluated as an alternative in normal weight newborns. Objectives: The study was designed to evaluate if EV ...
Srivastava Smita S Clinical Assistant, Department of Pediatrics, Fortis Escorts Hospital and Research Centre, Faridabad, Haryana, - - 2014
Context: Birth and immediate postpartum period pose many challenges for the newborn. The neonatal mortality rates are high in India, whereas the breastfeeding rates are still low. Hence, need exists for a simple and easily applicable intervention, which may counter these challenges. Aims: The present study was undertaken to evaluate ...
Maini Baljeet B Department of Pediatrics, Maharishi Markandeshwar Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Mullana, Ambala, Haryana, - - 2014
Increase in the survival of preterm neonates has led to increased incidence of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). Among various risk factors, only prematurity is well-established and role of others is still not clear. Effect of antenatal betamethasone on ROP severity is also controversial. Available literature from India has a paucity ...
Hay William W WW Jr Department of Pediatrics, Section of Neonatology, Perinatal Research Center, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, Colo., - - 2014
Energy is necessary for all vital functions of the body at molecular, cellular, organ, and systemic levels. Preterm infants have minimum energy requirements for basal metabolism and growth, but also have requirements for unique physiology and metabolism that influence energy expenditure. These include body size, postnatal age, physical activity, dietary ...
Domellöf Magnus M Division of Pediatrics, Department of Clinical Sciences, Umea University, Umea, - - 2014
Microminerals, including iron, zinc, copper, selenium, manganese, iodine, chromium and molybdenum, are essential for a remarkable array of critical functions and need to be supplied in adequate amounts to preterm infants. Very low birth weight (VLBW) infants carry a very high risk of developing iron deficiency which can adversely affect ...
Koletzko Berthold B Dr. von Hauner Children's Hospital, University of Munich Medical Centre, Munich, - - 2014
Ranges of advisable nutrient intakes are presented for populations of fully enterally fed very low birth weight infants, based on current evidence and an intensive discussion with experts in July 2013. Recommended ranges of adequate nutrient intakes are expressed as amounts per kilogram body weight per day and also per ...
McDade Thomas W TW Cells to Society (C2S): The Center on Social Disparities and Health, Institute for Policy Research, Northwestern University, , 2040 Sheridan Road, Evanston, IL 60208, USA, Department of Anthropology, Northwestern University, , 1810 Hinman Avenue, Evanston, IL 60208, USA, George Warren Brown School of Social Work, Washington University in St Louis, , One Brookings Drive, St Louis, MO 63130, USA, School of Education, University of California, , Irvine, 3200 Education, Irvine, CA 92697, USA, Department of Pediatrics, Northwestern University, , 225 East Chicago Avenue, Chicago, IL 60611, USA, Program on Human Development and Social Policy, Northwestern University, , 2120 Campus Drive, Evanston, IL 60208, - - 2014
Chronic inflammation is a potentially important physiological mechanism linking early life environments and health in adulthood. Elevated concentrations of C-reactive protein (CRP)-a key biomarker of inflammation-predict increased cardiovascular and metabolic disease risk in adulthood, but the developmental factors that shape the regulation of inflammation are not known. We investigated birth ...
Yu H F - - 2014
Little research has been conducted to specifically identify the correlations of birth quality influence factors of newborns and hemoglobin of gravidae and puerperal with birth weight of newborns. To investigate the correlations of birth quality influence factors of newborns and hemoglobin of gravidae and puerperal with birth weight of newborns ...
Schölmerich Vera L N VL Erasmus University Medical Centre, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Obstetrics and Prenatal Medicine, Rotterdam, the Netherlands; VU University Amsterdam, Department of Organizational Sciences, Amsterdam, the Netherlands; Harvard School of Public Health, Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of - - 2014
Perinatal morbidity rates are relatively high in the Netherlands, and significant inequalities in perinatal morbidity and mortality can be found across neighborhoods. In socioeconomically deprived areas, 'Western' women are particularly at risk for adverse birth outcomes. Almost all studies to date have explained the disparities in terms of individual determinants ...
Imai Cindy Mari CM Unit for Nutrition Research, Landspitali-National University Hospital of Iceland, Eiriksgata 29, Reykjavik 101, Iceland. - - 2014
Rapid growth during infancy is associated with increased risk of overweight and obesity and differences in weight gain are at least partly explained by means of infant feeding. The aim was to assess the associations between infant feeding practice in early infancy and body mass index (BMI) at 6 years ...
Pryce Jeremy W JW Department of Histopathology, Camelia Botnar Laboratories, Great Ormond Street Hospital, Great Ormond Street, London WC1N 3JH, UK ; Institute of Child Health, UCL, London, - - 2014
Infancy is the most common period for childhood death, including both neonatal deaths from obstetric or medical complications and sudden unexpected infant deaths. The weighing of organs at autopsy is an established process and is recommended in current protocols. However, minimal contemporary data is available regarding reference ranges for organ ...
Sharma Deepak D Department of Neonatology, Fernandez Hospital, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, - - 2014
A full-term female baby, a product of non-consanguineous marriage, was born at 37 weeks of gestation with a birth weight of 2.08 kg. Antenatal scan at 31 weeks revealed complex congenital heart disease with a hypoplastic right ventricle, pulmonary atresia and an intact septum. Immediately after birth, the infant was shifted to the ...
Kondo Takeshi T Division of Diagnostic Molecular Pathology, Department of Community Medicine and Social Healthcare Science, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, Kobe, Japan - - 2014
Here the histopathology findings of placental infarction associated with late preterm birth are reported. The subject was a male neonate delivered at 34 weeks and 5 days of gestation with a birth weight of ∼2500 g. His mother had been diagnosed with a threatened premature birth at 27 weeks of ...
Moltu Sissel J SJ Department of Pediatrics, Oslo University Hospital, P.O. Box 4950 Nydalen, Oslo 0424, Norway. - - 2014
Objectives: Early nutrition influences metabolic programming and long-term health. We explored the urinary metabolite profiles of 48 premature infants (birth weight < 1500 g) randomized to an enhanced or a standard diet during neonatal hospitalization. Methods: Metabolomics using nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR) was conducted on urine samples obtained during ...
Kreutzer K K Department of Neonatology, University Children's Hospital Tübingen, Tübingen, - - 2014
Caffeine, a methylxanthine and nonspecific inhibitor of adenosine receptors, is an example of a drug that has been in use for more than 40 years. It is one of the most commonly prescribed drugs in neonatal medicine. However, until 2006, it had only a few relatively small and short-term studies ...
Feeney Audrey A Department of Biological Sciences, Cork Institute of Technology, Rossa Avenue, Bishopstown, Cork, - - 2014
Bacteria respond to elevated osmolality by the accumulation of a range of low molecular weight molecules, known as compatible solutes (owing to their compatibility with the cells' normal physiology at high internal concentrations). The neonatal pathogen Cronobacter sakazakii is uniquely osmotolerant, surviving in powdered infant formula (PIF) which typically has ...
El-Gilany Abdel-Hady AH 0000-0001-9376-6985 Faculty of Medicine, Mansoura University, Mansoura 35516, - - 2014
Background. Prelacteal feed (feeding any other substance before first breastfeeding) appears to be common despite its harmful effects. By definition a child provided with prelacteal feed (PLF) is not exclusively breastfed and PLF has many implications for the success and early initiation of breastfeeding. Objectives. To describe the prevalence of, ...
Macdonald Erin M EM Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, The University of Western Ontario, London, ON, Canada N6A 5C1 ; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The University of Western Ontario, London, ON, Canada N6A 5C1 ; Children Health Research Institute, London, ON, Canada N6C - - 2014
The placental weight ratio (PWR) is a health indicator that reflects the balance between fetal and placental growth. The PWR is defined as the placental weight divided by the birth weight, and it changes across gestation. Its ranges are not well established. We aimed to establish PWR distributions by gestational ...
Hulzebos Christian V CV Department of Neonatology, Beatrix Children's Hospital, University Medical Center Groningen, Groningen, The - - 2014
High bilirubin/albumin (B/A) ratios increase the risk of bilirubin neurotoxicity. The B/A ratio may be a valuable measure, in addition to the total serum bilirubin (TSB), in the management of hyperbilirubinemia. We aimed to assess whether the additional use of B/A ratios in the management of hyperbilirubinemia in preterm infants ...
Markel Troy A TA Department of Surgery, Section of Pediatric Surgery, Riley Hospital for Children at Indiana University Health, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana, - - 2014
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) remains a very devastating problem within the very low birth weight neonatal population. Several experimental therapies are being tested in animal models and soon may be ready for human trials. Despite this progress, we currently have no way to identify infants who would be optimal targets for ...
Brouillet Sophie S 0000-0003-3354-1551 Gynaecology, Obstetric and Reproductive Medicine Department, Grenoble University Hospital, BP 217, 38043 Grenoble Cedex, France ; Commissariat à l'Energie Atomique (CEA), DSV-iRTSV, 38043 Grenoble Cedex, France ; Université Grenoble-Alpes, 38041 Grenoble, France ; Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale U1036 (INSERM U1036), Laboratoire Biologie du Cancer et de l'Infection (BCI), Laboratoire BCI-iRTSV, CEA Grenoble, 17 rue des Martyrs, 38054 Grenoble Cedex 9, - - 2014
Study Question. To determine whether the umbilical cord insertion site of singleton pregnancies could be linked to the newborn birth weight at term and its individual growth potential achievement. Material and Methods. A cohort study including 528 records of term neonates was performed. Each neonate was assessed for growth adjusted ...
Ye Jiangfeng J MOE-Shanghai Key Laboratory of Children's Environmental Health, Xinhua Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, - - 2014
Macrosomia has been defined in various ways by obstetricians and researchers. The purpose of the present study was to search for a definition of macrosomia through an outcome-based approach. In a study of 30,831,694 singleton term live births and 38,053 stillbirths in the U.S. Linked Birth-Infant Death Cohort datasets (1995-2004), ...
Gunay Murat M Department of Ophthalmology, Zeynep Kamil Women and Childrens' Diseases Education and Research Hospital, Istanbul 34668, - - 2014
To evaluate the central corneal thickness (CCT) measurements of premature infants. The premature infants who were born between 25-34wk of gestational age (GA) were retrieved for the study. All CCT measurements were performed within the first 2d of their life under topical anesthesia by using an ultrasonic pachymeter. The mean ...
Rangey Priya Singh PS S.B.B. College of Physiotherapy, V.S. Hospital Campus, Ellisbridge, Ahmedabad, Gujarat 380006, - - 2014
Background. Massage therapy (MT) and kangaroo mother care (KMC) are both effective in increasing the weight and reducing length of hospital stay in low birth weight preterm infants but they have not been compared. Aim. Comparison of effectiveness of MT and KMC on body weight and length of hospital stay ...
Rao Chythra R CR Department of Community Medicine, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal University, Manipal, Karnataka 576104, - - 2014
Introduction. Preterm birth is the leading cause of newborn deaths and the second leading cause of death in children under five years old. Three-quarters of them could be saved with current, cost-effective interventions. The aim of this study was to identify the risk factors of preterm birth in a secondary ...
Morken Nils-Halvdan NH Department of Global Public Health and Primary Care, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway; Department of Clinical Sciences, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen, - - 2014
The relationship of maternal glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in pregnancy to fetal size needs to be better characterized as it impacts an ongoing debate about confounding effect of maternal GFR in investigations of important environmental contaminants. We aimed to characterize the size of the association between maternal GFR and infant ...
Ball Stephen J SJ Telethon Kids Institute, University of Western Australia, PO Box 855, West Perth, WA 6872, Australia - - 2014
To re-evaluate the causal effect of interpregnancy interval on adverse birth outcomes, on the basis that previous studies relying on between mother comparisons may have inadequately adjusted for confounding by maternal risk factors. Retrospective cohort study using conditional logistic regression (matching two intervals per mother so each mother acts as ...
Haschke Ferdinand F Nestlé Nutrition Institute, Vevey, - - 2014
Data from 3 recently completed studies were pooled and analyzed to answer the question whether breastfed infants of overweight/obese mothers show accelerated growth. It was shown that these infants gain weight faster than indicated by the WHO standards and that they grow significantly faster than infants of lean mothers. The ...
Ross Michael G MG Perinatal Research Laboratories, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, Calif., - - 2014
Obesity is often attributed to a Western lifestyle, a high-fat diet and decreased activity. While these factors certainly contribute to adult obesity, compelling data from our laboratory and others indicate that this explanation is oversimplified. Recent studies strongly argue that maternal/fetal under- or overnutrition predisposes the offspring to become hyperphagic ...
Rose Jessica J Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA ; Motion Analysis Lab, Lucile Packard Children's Hospital, Stanford, CA, - - 2014
Structural brain abnormalities identified at near-term age have been recognized as potential predictors of neurodevelopment in children born preterm. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between neonatal physiological risk factors and early brain structure in very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) preterm infants using structural MRI and diffusion tensor imaging ...
Melnik Bodo C BC Department of Dermatology, Environmental Medicine and Health Theory, University of Osnabrück, Sedanstrasse 115, DE-49090 Osnabrück, - - 2014
This article provides a new view of the cellular mechanisms that have been proposed to explain the links between infant formula feeding and the development of atopy and obesity. Epidemiological evidence points to an allergy- and obesity-preventive effect of breastfeeding. Both allergy and obesity development have been traced back to ...
Gadhia Monika M MM Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, NY. Electronic address: - - 2013
To assess whether the combination of early inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) therapy and vitamin A supplementation lowers the incidence of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in premature newborns with respiratory failure. A total of 793 mechanically ventilated infants (birth weight 500-1250 g) were randomized (after stratification by birth weight) to receive placebo ...
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