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Results 351 - 400 of 2698
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Ekéus Cecilia - - 2014
Few studies have focused on cerebral complications among newborn infants delivered by vacuum extraction (VE). The aim of this study was to determine the risk for intracranial haemorrhage and/or cerebral dysfunction in newborn infants delivered by VE and to compare this risk with that after cesarean section in labour (CS) ...
Grytten Jostein J Department of Community Dentistry, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Institute of Clinical Medicine, Akershus University Hospital, Lørenskog, Norway. Electronic address: - - 2014
Birth weight is an important predictor of health and success in later life. Little is known about the effect of mothers' education on birth weight. A few causal analyses have been done, but they show conflicting results. We estimated the effect of mothers' education on birth weight by using data ...
Khanal Vishnu - - 2014
The global Low Birth Weight (LBW) rate is reported to be 15.5% with more than 95% of these LBW infants being from developing countries. LBW is a major factor associated with neonatal deaths in developing countries. The determinants of low birth weight in Nepal have rarely been studied. This study ...
Pereira-da-Silva Luis - - 2014
When using the useful 2013 Fenton Chart, data should be interpreted with caution taking into account two aspects: the physiologic loss of body water after birth for the weight curves, and the questionable accuracy of the birth length curves considering the heterogeneity and reliability of the methods used in the ...
Bain J J 1] Duke University Medical Center, Duke Clinical Research Institute, Durham, NC, USA [2] Department of Pediatrics, Duke University Medical Center, Duke University, Durham, NC, - - 2014
Objective:Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is associated with a significant morbidity and mortality in premature infants. We sought to identify the frequency of NEC in very-low-birth-weight infants with isolated ventricular septal defects (VSDs) or atrial septal defects (ASDs) using a large multicenter database.Study design:We identified a cohort of infants with birth weight ...
van Wijngaarden Edwin E Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, NY; Department of Environmental Medicine, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, NY. Electronic address: - - 2014
Epidemiologic studies have been inconclusive regarding the impact of coexposure to long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA) and methylmercury (MeHg) from fish consumption during pregnancy on measures of fetal development. We evaluated the association between birth weight and prenatal maternal LCPUFA status and MeHg exposure in the Republic of Seychelles. ...
Demerath Ellen W EW Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, University of Minnesota School of Public Health, Minneapolis, Minnesota, - - 2014
Body composition assessment provides a sharper picture of the human biological response to genetic and environmental influences than measures of body size and weight. Infant body composition is particularly important as a marker of fetal adaptation and developmental programming of subsequent health and disease, but until recently, the range of ...
Katz Yitzhak Y Allergy and Immunology Institute, Assaf Harofeh Medical Center, Zerifin, Israel, - - 2014
Since 1943, cases of sensitization or allergy to soy-based formulas (SBFs) have been described without any consensus on their real prevalence. We identified the adjusted prevalence of IgE-mediated soy allergies in children and performed a secondary analysis of the impact of age (less than and more than 6 months). We performed ...
Gavard Jeffrey A JA Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Women's Health, Saint Louis University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO, - - 2014
Limited data is available that estimates the effect of gestational weight gain on maternal and neonatal outcomes in term twin pregnancies in obese women. A historical cohort study of 831 obese (BMI ≥30.0 kg/m2) women in Missouri delivering 1,662 liveborn, term (≥37 weeks gestation) twin infants in 1998-2005 was conducted. ...
Brown Lisa F LF School of Nursing, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA, - - 2014
To describe maternal behaviors occurring before infant regulated or dysregulated behavior at three times in early infancy and examine behavioral patterns over time with their prematurely born infants. Video recordings of 37 dyads were coded on infant regulated and dysregulated behaviors following maternal soothing and stimulating behaviors. At each time, ...
Hermansson Henriina H Department of Paediatrics, University of Turku and Turku University Hospital, Turku, - - 2014
Background: Caesarean section rates have increased in parallel with those of obesity. Decreased levels of adiponectin, an adipocyte-derived metabolic hormone present in abundant concentrations in cord blood and breast milk, have been documented in association with obesity in children and adults. Objective: To determine whether the mode of delivery affects ...
Chen Shen-Dar SD Department of Pediatrics, Ditmanson Medical Foundation Chiayi Christian Hospital, Chiayi City, - - 2014
Neonatal intensive care has changed dramatically over the past few decades and the survival of infants has generally improved in many countries. The purpose of this study was to explore the recent evolution of mortality and morbidities among very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants in southern Taiwan. We retrospectively reviewed the medical records ...
Wylie Blair J - - 2014
Smoke from biomass burning has been linked to reduced birth weight; association with other birth outcomes is poorly understood. Our objective was to evaluate effects of exposure to biomass smoke on birth weight, preterm birth and stillbirth. Information on household cooking fuel was available for secondary analysis from two cohorts ...
Slyker Jennifer A - - 2014
Preterm birth (PTB), low birth weight (LBW) and small for gestational age (SGA) contribute to neonatal mortality. Maternal HIV-1 infection has been associated with an increased risk of PTB, but mechanisms underlying this association are undefined. We describe correlates and outcomes of PTB, LBW, and SGA in HIV-exposed uninfected infants. ...
Malin G L GL School of Medicine, the University of Nottingham, Nottingham, - - 2014
Intrauterine growth restriction is a cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality. A variety of definitions of low birthweight are used in clinical practice, with a lack of consensus regarding which definitions best predict adverse outcomes. To evaluate the relationship between birthweight standards and neonatal outcome in term-born infants (at ≥ ...
Munden A A University of California, San Diego School of - - 2014
The etiology and exact incidence of infantile hemangiomas (IH) are unknown. Prior studies have noted immunohistochemical and biologic characteristics shared by IH and placental tissue. We investigated the possible association between placental anomalies and the development of IH, as well as the demographic characteristics and other risk factors for IH. ...
Roman Leeanne L Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology, College of Human Medicine, Michigan State University, East - - 2014
IMPORTANCE Policy makers and practitioners need rigorous evaluations of state-based Medicaid enhanced prenatal care programs that provide home visiting to guide improvements and inform future investments. Effects on adverse birth outcomes are of particular interest. OBJECTIVE To test if participation in the Michigan statewide enhanced prenatal care program, the Maternal ...
Svensson V V Karolinska Institutet, Department of Clinical Science, Intervention and Technology, Division of Pediatrics, Stockholm, - - 2014
To explore the simultaneous impact of parental adiposity and education level on infant growth from birth to 12 months, adjusting for known early-life risk factors for subsequent childhood obesity. Baseline data for 197 one-year-old children and their parents, participating in a longitudinal obesity intervention, were used. Obesity risk groups, high/low, ...
Cames Cecile C aInstitut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD), Montpellier, France bWHO, Reproductive Health and Research, Geneva, Switzerland cCentre Muraz, Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso dInternational Centre for Reproductive Health (ICRH), Mombasa, Kenya eInternational Centre for Reproductive Health, Ghent University, Belgium fCentre for International Health, Burnet Institute, Melbourne, Australia gUniversity of Nairobi, Kenya hAfrica Centre for Health and Population Studies, University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa iEunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland jNVPO/OASH/OS/DHHS, Washington, DC, USA. *The Kesho Bora Study Group members are listed in the acknowledgement - - 2014
To assess the relationship between infant feeding, triple-antiretroviral prophylaxis and weight from 2 weeks (baseline) to 6 months postpartum among HIV-infected mothers in a mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of HIV-prevention trial in five sub-Saharan African sites. HIV-infected pregnant women with CD4 cell counts of 200-500 cells/μl were counselled to choose breastfeeding to ...
Olson Christine M - - 2014
This article investigates the impact of community-based interventions developed by the Healthy Start Partnership (HSP) to promote healthy body weights in families. Intercept surveys were conducted to monitor community exposure. A nonconcurrent, no treatment control design was used to assess population-level weight outcomes. Control (n = 219) and intervention (n ...
Niebler Robert A RA Department of Pediatrics, Section of Critical Care, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, - - 2014
A female infant with unbalanced right ventricular dominant atrioventricular septal defect with double-outlet right ventricle and pulmonary stenosis had recurrent aortopulmonary shunt thrombosis. She was found to have low antithrombin levels and was managed with antithrombin replacement in addition to unfractionated heparin. A subsequent aortopulmonary shunt was successfully placed, and ...
Marino Jennifer L JL Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, The University of Melbourne, Royal Women's Hospital, Parkville, Victoria, - - 2014
Fertility treatment is associated with increased risk of major birth defects, which varies between in vitro fertilisation (IVF) and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), and is significantly reduced by embryo freezing. We therefore examined a range of additional perinatal outcomes for these exposures. All patients in South Australia receiving assisted conception ...
Ng O O Department of Anaesthesiology, Block 6, Level 2, Singapore General Hospital, Outram Road, Singapore 169608. - - 2014
The optimal anaesthetic management of neonates with complete congenital heart block (CCHB) is unknown, as there is a low incidence of such cases. Neonates with CCHB often require surgery for the initiation of electronic pacing. In addition to the challenges of anaesthetising a neonate, this procedure is risky due to ...
Huang Yujing Y Department of Environmental Hygiene, College of Preventive Medicine, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, - - 2014
Data concerning the effects of phthalate exposure on preterm delivery and fetal growth are limited in humans. In this paper, we assessed the relationship between 15 phthalate levels in cord blood and preterm delivery and fetal growth parameters in 207 Chinese women going into labor. Exposure to phthalates except DCHP ...
Khanal Vishnu V Maternal and Child Health Consultant, Sauraha Pharsatikar-1, Rupandehi, Nepal. - - 2014
Low birth weight (LBW) is a major cause of neonatal deaths in developing countries including Nepal. Its social determinants in Nepal have rarely been identified. This study aimed to identify the factors associated with low birth weight among under-five children comparing data from the Nepal Demographic and Health Surveys (NDHS) ...
Dodd Jodie M JM Robinson Institute and School of Paediatrics and Reproductive Health, University of Adelaide, 72 King William Road, North Adelaide, South Australia, Australia - - 2014
To determine the effect of antenatal dietary and lifestyle interventions on health outcomes in overweight and obese pregnant women. Multicentre randomised trial. We utilised a central telephone randomisation server, with computer generated schedule, balanced variable blocks, and stratification for parity, body mass index (BMI) category, and hospital. Three public maternity ...
Fenton Tanis R - - 2014
No growth chart has resolved what to do with the physiologic postnatal weight loss when extracellular water is decreased. Nevertheless, the Fenton Growth Chart provides the most comprehensive comparison to the current growth standard for the preterm infant particularly with growth after return to birthweight. Existing postnatal growth references have ...
Wohlfahrt-Veje Christine C Department of Growth and Reproduction, The Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, University Hospital of Copenhagen, Rigshospitalet, University of Copenhagen, 5064, Rigshospitalet, Blegdamsvej 9, 2100 Copenhagen Ø, - - 2014
Experimental studies have shown that dioxin-like chemicals may interfere with aspects of the endocrine system including growth. However, human background population studies are, however, scarce. We aimed to investigate whether early exposure of healthy infants to dioxin-like chemicals was associated with changes in early childhood growth and serum IGF1. In ...
Wilson Ann L AL Department of Teaching, USD Sanford School of Medicine, - - 2014
In 2012, South Dakota experienced a 2.1 percent increase in births over the previous year. Despite an overall decrease in low birth weight, in 2012, the South Dakota infant mortality rate (8.6) surpassed its rate for the past 12 years with a 30 percent increase over its mean rate for ...
Ning Ning N Radiology Department of The First Affiliated Hospital, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shaanxi, People's Republic of China ; Nuclear Medicine Department of The Second Affiliate Hospital, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shaanxi, People's Republic of - - 2014
Iron deposition and white matter (WM) maturation are very important for brain development in infants. It has been reported that the R2* and phase values originating from the gradient-echo sequence could both reflect the iron and myelination. The aim of this study was to investigate age-related changes of R2* and ...
Savajols Elodie E Department of Paediatrics, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire, Dijon, - - 2014
To determine whether there is a significant association between maternal haemoglobin measured before delivery and short-term neonatal outcome in very preterm neonates. We included prospectively all live births occurring from 25 to 32+6 weeks of gestation in a tertiary care centre between January 1(st) 2009 and December 31(st) 2011. Outborn ...
Kothiwale Shaila V - - 2014
Purpose: To investigate the association between maternal periodontal disease and its effect on haemoglobin levels and low birth weight infants. Materials and Methods: This observational study included 770 mothers. Data regarding the periodontal status, pregnancy outcome variables, haemoglobin levels (Hb%) and other factors that may contribute to adverse pregnancy outcomes ...
Wilson Roneé E RE Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, College of Public Health, University of South Florida, 13201 Bruce B. Downs, MDC56, Tampa, FL 33612, - - 2014
The obstetric consequences of abnormal thyroid function during pregnancy have been established. Less understood is the influence of maternal thyroid autoantibodies on infant outcomes. The objective of this study was to examine the influence of maternal thyroperoxidase (TPO) status on fetal/infant brain and body growth. Six-hundred thirty-one (631) euthyroid pregnant ...
Vaudry Wendy W Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of - - 2014
To determine the rate of diagnosis; demographic, clinical and laboratory characteristics; and management of congenital cytomegalovirus (cCMV) cases identified by paediatricians in routine clinical practice in Canada. National active monthly surveillance of all clinically practicing general and subspecialty paediatricians in Canada was performed for cCMV from March 1, 2005 to ...
Reddy Sagili Chandrasekhara SC Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medical Sciences, University Sains Malaysia, Kubang Kerian 16150, Kelantan, - - 2014
Tono-pen measurement of intraocular pressure (IOP) under topical anaesthesia in full term normal newborns. The IOP measurements were taken using Tono-pen XL tonometer under topical anaesthesia in 150 newborns (300 eyes) within 24h after birth, over a period of three months, in a university hospital. Gender, gestation period, mode of ...
Chen Chien-Yi CY Graduate Institute of Clinical Medicine, National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei, Taiwan; Department of Pediatrics, National Taiwan University Hospital and National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei, - - 2014
The current recommendation of giving the first dose of hepatitis B vaccine to very low birth weight (VLBW) infants at 30 days of chronologic age usually is not practical, because most VLBW infants are not medically stable at that age. We use an alternative body-weight-based protocol, and evaluate its efficacy ...
Katz Joanne J Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of - - 2014
We use data from rural Nepal and South India to compare the prevalence of small-for-gestational-age (SGA) and neonatal mortality risk associated with SGA using different birth-weight-for-gestation reference populations. We identified 46 reference populations in low-, middle-, and high-income countries, of which 26 met the inclusion criteria of being commonly cited ...
Corvaglia Luigi L Neonatology and Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, S. Orsola-Malpighi Hospital, University of Bologna, Bologna, - - 2014
To elucidate the role of prenatal, neonatal and early postnatal variables in influencing the achievement of full enteral feeding (FEF) in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants and to determine whether neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) differ in this outcome. Population-based retrospective cohort study using data on 1,864 VLBW infants ...
Röhr S B SB University Hospital of Saarland, Medical School, Homburg, - - 2014
To assess the incidence of cardiac and metabolic adverse events in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants receiving systematic steroids. Prospective single centre audit in VLBW infants (<1,500 g) at the neonatal intensive care unit at the University Children's Hospital of Saarland, Germany. A total of 72 VLBW infants (38 ...
Wójkowska-Mach Jadwiga J Chair of Microbiology, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Kraków, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to describe the epidemiology of necrotising enterocolitis (NEC), antibiotic consumption and the usefulness of microbiological tests in very low birth weight (VLBW) Polish newborns. Prospective surveillance was performed in the year 2009 by local infection control teams. The study covered 910 infants hospitalized in ...
Amano Shizuka S Nagoya University School of Medicine, Nagoya, Japan. - - 2014
Low birth weight (LBW) is a major risk factor for neonatal death. However, most neonates in low-income countries are not weighed at birth. This results in many LBW infants being overlooked. Female community health volunteers (FCHVs) in Nepal are non-health professionals who are living in local communities and have already ...
Liu Gongshu G Tianjin Women's and Children's Health Center, Tianjin 300070, - - 2014
Aims. We aim to evaluate the association of maternal gestational oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) glucose concentrations with anthropometry in the offspring from birth to 12 months in Tianjin, China. Methods. A total of 27,157 pregnant women underwent OGTT during 26-30 weeks gestation, and their children had body weight/length measured ...
Andersen Andreas A Research Center for Vitamins & Vaccines (CVIVA), Bandim Health Project, Statens Serum Institute, Copenhagen, Denmark; Bandim Health Project, Indepth Network, Bissau, - - 2014
The mechanisms behind heterologous immunity and non-specific effects of vaccines on mortality are not well understood. We examined associations between cytokine responses and subsequent mortality in low-birth-weight infants in Guinea-Bissau. A low-birth-weight trial randomized children to Bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) at birth or later according to local policy. Blood samples were ...
Srivastava Smita S Clinical Assistant, Department of Pediatrics, Fortis Escorts Hospital and Research Centre, Faridabad, Haryana, - - 2014
Context: Birth and immediate postpartum period pose many challenges for the newborn. The neonatal mortality rates are high in India, whereas the breastfeeding rates are still low. Hence, need exists for a simple and easily applicable intervention, which may counter these challenges. Aims: The present study was undertaken to evaluate ...
Maini Baljeet B Department of Pediatrics, Maharishi Markandeshwar Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Mullana, Ambala, Haryana, - - 2014
Increase in the survival of preterm neonates has led to increased incidence of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). Among various risk factors, only prematurity is well-established and role of others is still not clear. Effect of antenatal betamethasone on ROP severity is also controversial. Available literature from India has a paucity ...
Hay William W WW Jr Department of Pediatrics, Section of Neonatology, Perinatal Research Center, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, Colo., - - 2014
Energy is necessary for all vital functions of the body at molecular, cellular, organ, and systemic levels. Preterm infants have minimum energy requirements for basal metabolism and growth, but also have requirements for unique physiology and metabolism that influence energy expenditure. These include body size, postnatal age, physical activity, dietary ...
Domellöf Magnus M Division of Pediatrics, Department of Clinical Sciences, Umea University, Umea, - - 2014
Microminerals, including iron, zinc, copper, selenium, manganese, iodine, chromium and molybdenum, are essential for a remarkable array of critical functions and need to be supplied in adequate amounts to preterm infants. Very low birth weight (VLBW) infants carry a very high risk of developing iron deficiency which can adversely affect ...
Koletzko Berthold B Dr. von Hauner Children's Hospital, University of Munich Medical Centre, Munich, - - 2014
Ranges of advisable nutrient intakes are presented for populations of fully enterally fed very low birth weight infants, based on current evidence and an intensive discussion with experts in July 2013. Recommended ranges of adequate nutrient intakes are expressed as amounts per kilogram body weight per day and also per ...
McDade Thomas W TW Cells to Society (C2S): The Center on Social Disparities and Health, Institute for Policy Research, Northwestern University, , 2040 Sheridan Road, Evanston, IL 60208, USA, Department of Anthropology, Northwestern University, , 1810 Hinman Avenue, Evanston, IL 60208, USA, George Warren Brown School of Social Work, Washington University in St Louis, , One Brookings Drive, St Louis, MO 63130, USA, School of Education, University of California, , Irvine, 3200 Education, Irvine, CA 92697, USA, Department of Pediatrics, Northwestern University, , 225 East Chicago Avenue, Chicago, IL 60611, USA, Program on Human Development and Social Policy, Northwestern University, , 2120 Campus Drive, Evanston, IL 60208, - - 2014
Chronic inflammation is a potentially important physiological mechanism linking early life environments and health in adulthood. Elevated concentrations of C-reactive protein (CRP)-a key biomarker of inflammation-predict increased cardiovascular and metabolic disease risk in adulthood, but the developmental factors that shape the regulation of inflammation are not known. We investigated birth ...
Yu H F - - 2014
Little research has been conducted to specifically identify the correlations of birth quality influence factors of newborns and hemoglobin of gravidae and puerperal with birth weight of newborns. To investigate the correlations of birth quality influence factors of newborns and hemoglobin of gravidae and puerperal with birth weight of newborns ...
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