Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 2399
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Nakano Yuya - - 2013
Background/Aims: This study aimed to investigate total adiponectin (T-Ad) and high-molecular-weight adiponectin (HMW-Ad) levels in preterm infants at term-equivalent age and to assess the relationship between adiponectin levels and early postnatal growth. Methods: The study included 43 term infants and 58 preterm infants born at 34 weeks' gestation or less. ...
Gupta Amit - - 2013
To study the influence of perinatal factors on cord blood TSH (CB TSH) levels. Cross sectional study at tertiary care private hospital. CB TSH levels were measured in 952 liveborn infants using electrochemiluminescence immunoassay. The effect of perinatal factors on the CB TSH levels was analyzed statistically. The median CB ...
Carlsen Emma Malchau - - 2013
Obese women often have difficulties breastfeeding. We evaluated whether telephone-based support could increase the duration of breastfeeding in obese women and, thereby, reduce offspring growth. We recruited 226 dyads of obese mothers and their singleton, healthy, term infants. The women were randomly assigned to 6 mo of breastfeeding support or ...
Knobel Robin B - - 2013
To test instrumentation and develop analytic models to use in a larger study to examine developmental trajectories of body temperature and peripheral perfusion from birth in extremely low-birth-weight (EBLW) infants. A case study design. The study took place in a Level 4 neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) in North Carolina. ...
Weber D - - 2013
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES:A low folate or low thiamine status may be associated with the risk of preterm delivery, small for gestational age (SGA) offspring and adverse pregnancy outcomes.SUBJECTS/METHODS:5-Methyltetrahydrofolate (5MTHF) and thiamine diphosphate (TDP) were measured directly in cord-blood erythrocytes (CBEs) of early preterm (n=26; <32 weeks gestational age; including 50% multiple births), ...
Hrolfsdottir L - - 2013
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES:Previous studies have suggested that milk consumption during pregnancy may have growth-promoting effects on the offspring in utero. Whether this effect tracks beyond the prenatal period remains unclear. We examined whether milk consumption during pregnancy is associated with infant size at birth and offspring's height- and growth-related biomarkers at ∼20 ...
Tröger Birte - - 2013
It was the aim of this study to assess whether very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants born small for gestational age (SGA; birth weight less than 10th percentile) are at increased risk for late-onset sepsis. This was a prospective, multicenter study of the German Neonatal Network (GNN) including VLBW infants from 23 to ...
Carberry Angela E - - 2013
Background:Undernutrition in neonates increases the risk of serious morbidities. The objective of this study was to describe neonatal morbidity associated with low body fat% (BF%) and measure the number of undernourished neonates defined by BF% and compare this to birth weight percentiles (<10(th)).Methods:Eligibility included term (≥37 weeks) neonates. BF% measurements ...
Kose Engin - - 2013
Abstract The objective of this study was to determine the effect of circumcision on the frequency of urinary tract infection (UTI), growth development, and the nutrition status in infants with antenatal hydronephrosis (AH). The data were collected prospectively between 1998 and 2010. Infants with a fetal pelvis diameter of >5 mm ...
Berger Irit - - 2013
Objective To evaluate thermal responses, weight gain, and resting energy expenditure (REE) in preterm infants weaned from an infant incubator to a warming bassinet after reaching a body weight of either 1,500 or 1,600 g, respectively.Methods Preterm infants weighing ≤ 1,500 g were randomly allocated for weaning from a convective ...
Shypailo Roman J - - 2013
Background:Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) requires phantoms for quality control and cross-calibration. No commercially available phantoms are designed specifically for infant whole-body scanning.Methods:We fabricated a phantom closely matching a 7 kg human infant in body habitus using PVC, nylon-mix, and polyethylene for bone, lean, and fat, respectively, to evaluate comparability of ...
Sabzehei Mohammad Kazem - - 2013
This study was planned to determine the rate, the predisposing factors, and the outcome of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants hospitalized in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) of a tertiary care hospital in Tehran.  All VLBW neonates admitted to the NICU, from April ...
Ghaemmaghami Seyed J - - 2013
To determine the effects of infants' birth order, maternal age, and socioeconomic status (SES) on birth weight. This cross-sectional study included a sample of 858 mothers recruited over a 6-month period in 2010, in a defined population of 9 urban health centers, and who were admitted for their infants' first ...
Jiang Z - - 2013
Bacteria, funghi, viruses and protozoa can lead to neonatal sepsis. Neonatal sepsis is the leading cause of infectious disease onset and death in many neonates. To explore the major risk factors of early-onset neonatal sepsis and provide a scientific basis for strategies of early-onset neonatal sepsis prevention. A 1:4 matched ...
Visconti Luiza Fortunato - - 2013
To identify clinical and echocardiographic parameters associated with the evolution of the ductus arteriosus in neonates with birth weight lower than 1,500g. Retrospective study of 119 neonates in which clinical parameters (Prenatal: maternal age, risk of infection and chorioamnionitis, use of corticosteroid, mode of delivery and gestational age. Perinatal: weight, ...
Nazari M - - 2013
Low birth weight is a key determinant in the risk of morbidity and mortality in the neonatal period and during childhood. This unmatched case-control study in Hamadan, Islamic Republic of Iran, compared the characteristics of mothers of low- and normal-birth-weight infants. Maternal sociodemographic data, pregnancy history, anthropometric data and cord ...
Küçükevcilio─člu Murat M Department of Ophthalmology, Gülhane Military Medical Academy and Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey. - - 2013
The aim was to report outcomes of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) screening conducted between March 1999 and March 2012 in a retrospective manner before October 2005 (Group 1) and prospective manner thereafter (Group 2). Data of the neonates with either a gestational age of 34 weeks or less or with ...
Kowsalya V V Department of Physiology, Sri Lakshmi Narayana Institute of Medical Sciences, Puducherry, 605 502, - - 2013
irth weight is an important determinant of child survival, healthy growth and development. Low birth weight is a well-established risk factor for adverse long term health, particularly cardiovascular disease and metabolic syndrome. The ability of the fetus to grow and thrive in utero is presumed to be a function of ...
Rugolotto S S Department of Pediatrics, Section of Newborn Intensive Care Unit, Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Integrada di Verona, P.le L. A. Scuro, 10- 37134 Verona, Italy. - - 2013
Epoprostenol has been the first effective treatment for severe pulmonary arterial hypertension. Epoprostenol is provided in vials for adult therapy. To our knowledge there are no reports on specific dilution protocols for epoprostenol in VLBW infants, when very small infusion rates are required. We describe the dilution protocol we applied ...
Hong Borah J - - 2013
The study objective was to evaluate risk factors for poor weight gain in infants with hypoplastic left heart syndrome after stage 1 palliation. We reviewed all term infants with hypoplastic left heart syndrome who had stage 1 palliation and stage 2 palliation at Texas Children's Hospital between 2000 and 2011 ...
Kildea Sue - - 2013
Indigenous Australians experience significantly disproportionate poorer health outcomes compared to their non-Indigenous counterparts. Despite the recognised importance of maternal infant health (MIH), there is surprisingly little empirical research to guide service redesign that successfully addresses the disparities. This paper reports on a service evaluation that also compared key MIH indicators ...
De Paepe Monique E - - 2013
Assessment of lung growth is a critical component of the perinatal autopsy. Increased lung liquid content may lead to overestimation of lung growth based on (wet) lung weight. In contrast, lung volume is not influenced by intraalveolar lung liquid. Our aim was to establish age-specific reference values for postmortem lung ...
Piyasena Chinthika - - 2013
We tested the ability of the 'Weight, IGF-1, Neonatal Retinopathy of Prematurity (WINROP)' clinical algorithm to detect preterm infants at risk of severe Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP) in a birth cohort in the South East of Scotland. In particular, we asked the question: 'are weekly weight measurements essential when using ...
Agarwal Ramesh - - 2013
Serum ferritin levels of low birth weight (LBW; BW < 2,500 g) and normal birth weight (NBW; BW ≥ 2,500 g) infants were evaluated at birth and at 3 mo using electrochemiluminescence immunoassay. At birth, levels were 318.6 (31.0-829.5) ng/mL in LBW (n = 217) and 366.2 (122.4-858.5) ng/mL in NBW infants (n = 116; p < 0.01), with 1.4 % of LBW and ...
Stark Ann R AR Division of Neonatology, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN. Electronic address: - - 2014
To evaluate the incidence of death or neurodevelopmental impairment (NDI) at 18-22 months corrected age in subjects enrolled in a trial of early dexamethasone treatment to prevent death or chronic lung disease in extremely low birth weight infants. Evaluation of infants at 18-22 months corrected age included anthropomorphic measurements, a ...
Belsches Theodore C TC Department of Pediatrics, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, - - 2013
Term infants in resource-poor settings frequently develop hypothermia during the first hours after birth. Plastic bags or wraps are a low-cost intervention for the prevention of hypothermia in preterm and low birth weight infants that may also be effective in term infants. Our objective was to test the hypothesis that ...
Sannia Andrea - - 2013
Abstract In recent decades, there has been a general increase in survival rates of preterm and low birth weight infants, but this overall decrease in perinatal mortality has not been accompanied by a decrease in long-term physical and mental disability. In order to reduce the long-term sequelae of prematurity and ...
Kuperman Amir A - - 2013
Abstract During the last few decades, the survival of preterm infants has increased dramatically. Nevertheless, with the increasing number of very young and extremely low birth weight infants, morbidity is still a major problem. Intraventricular Haemorrhage (IVH) is a major complication of preterm birth, and large haemorrhages or haemorrhages associated ...
Parodi Alessandro - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To assess diagnostic accuracy of cranial ultrasonography (CUS) in detecting low-grade (i.e. grade I and grade II) germinal matrix hemorrhage-intraventricular hemorrhage (GMH-IVH) in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. Methods: Among VLBW infants who were admitted to Gaslini Children's Hospital neonatal intensive care unit between January and November ...
Ethridge J K JK - - 2013
Abstract Objective To evaluate the accuracy of ultrasound fetal weight estimation (EFW) near viability, and to determine the adequacy of use of EFW in place of birth weight (BWT) for predicting prognosis for infants born near the limit of viability. Methods Retrospective chart review of women delivering between 22(0/7) and ...
Kryst Lukasz - - 2013
Abstract Background: Analyses of birth parameters worldwide reveal relatively high variability over time, often related to socioeconomic factors. Aim: The aim was to determine the existence of inter-generational changes in birth parameters in Kraków (Poland) in recent years and factors responsible. Subjects and methods: This research analysed data on 7800 ...
Hales J - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate effects of individual physical charac-teristics on preweaning survival and growth of piglets born in a non-crate system. Data were collected from 3,402 neonatal piglets from 203 Landrace × Yorkshire sows housed in non-crate pens in a commercial Danish sow herd. Piglets were ...
Zhang Jun - - 2013
Reference tools based on birth weight percentiles at a given gestational week have long been used to define fetuses or infants that are small or large for their gestational ages. However, important deficiencies of the birth weight reference are being increasingly recognized. Overwhelming evidence indicates that an ultrasonography-based fetal weight ...
Carberry Angela E - - 2013
Customized birth weight charts that incorporate maternal characteristics are now being adopted into clinical practice. However, there is controversy surrounding the value of these charts in the prediction of growth and perinatal outcomes. The objective of this study was to assess the use of customized charts in predicting growth, defined ...
Valvi Damaskini - - 2013
Objective: To examine the effects of prenatal exposure to persistent organic pollutants (POPs) on rapid growth in the first 6 months of life and overweight at 14 months of age. Design and Methods: In a Spanish birth cohort study, the POPs dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene (DDE), hexachlorobenzene (HCB) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs - ...
Basterrechea Mikel - - 2013
To investigate the possible association between birth size or gestational length and maternal serum concentrations of hexachlorobenzene (HCB) in a population exposed to background levels. A total of 1568 mother-child pairs recruited in three Spanish areas (INMA Project) from 2004 to 2008 participated in the study. Multivariate analysis was performed ...
Bergmeier H - - 2013
It is a research priority to identify modifiable risk factors to improve the effectiveness of childhood obesity prevention strategies. Research, however, has largely overlooked the role of child temperament and personality implicated in obesogenic risk factors such as maternal feeding and body mass index (BMI) of preschoolers. A systematic review ...
Kahramaner Zelal - - 2013
Preterm infants usually have multiple comorbidities that affect spleen and liver. Ultrasonographic measurement of organ sizes is an important and reliable parameter in evaluation of spleen and liver pathology in preterm newborns. The purpose of this study was to determine reference values of ultrasonographic measurements of the liver and spleen ...
Chawla Deepak - - 2013
The objective of this study was to evaluate the correlation and agreement between transcutaneous and serum bilirubin among preterm low-birth-weight neonates. Neonates born at <35 weeks of gestation with birth weight <2,000 g were enrolled prospectively. Transcutaneous bilirubin (TcB) was measured at forehead, sternum, and abdomen at 24 ± 6 and 72 ± 12 h after birth ...
Singh Avantika - - 2013
To evaluate the factors associated with low birth weight (LBW) and to formulate a scale to predict the probability of having a LBW infant. This hospital based case-control study was conducted in a tertiary care university hospital in North India. The study included 250 LBW neonates and 250 neonates with ...
Demauro Sara B - - 2013
To determine whether routine echocardiography increases diagnosis and treatment of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) and whether randomized non-disclosure is a feasible strategy for studying PDA management. 2 center pilot randomized, controlled trial. 88 infants with birth weights <1250 grams and gestational ages <30 weeks were randomized to disclosure or non-disclosure ...
Kirpalani Haresh - - 2013
To reduce the risk of bronchopulmonary dysplasia in extremely-low-birth-weight infants, clinicians attempt to minimize the use of endotracheal intubation by the early introduction of less invasive forms of positive airway pressure. We randomly assigned 1009 infants with a birth weight of less than 1000 g and a gestational age of ...
Lee H C - - 2013
Objective:To develop a length of stay (LOS) model for extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants.Study Design:We included infants from the California Perinatal Quality Care Collaborative with birth weight 401 to 1000 g who were discharged to home. Exclusion criteria were congenital anomalies, surgery and death. LOS was defined as days from ...
Thompson Lisa M - - 2013
We describe Guatemalan birth attendants' identification of vulnerable newborns, their evaluation of gestational age and anthropometry, and the validity of the Capurro and New Ballard newborn gestational age assessment methods. We interviewed 49 birth attendants and trained 10 of these women to assess 63 newborns. The Capurro and Ballard methods ...
Fernandez-Alvarez Jose Ramon - - 2013
Despite the paucity of evidence, the practice of weaning nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) is widespread. However, the most clinically effective non-invasive ventilatory support strategy remains to be determined. We compared the outcome of very premature infants with respiratory distress syndrome treated with a combination of NCPAP and heated ...
Gooden M - - 2013
Objective To determine the best predictor of mortality risk in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants in resource limited settings.Methods The Clinical Risk Index for Babies (CRIB) II score and the simplified age-weight-sex (SAWS) score for all VLBW infants born during the period January 2005 to June 2006 at the ...
Kitazawa Shigetaka - - 2013
Preterm infants are at risk for metabolic bone disease and suboptimal growth. We aimed to examine the hypothesis that, apart from prematurity, intrauterine growth status (expressed as gestational age-specific birth weight standard deviation score) influences bone mineralization and body composition in early infancy. In this retrospective study, groups consisted of ...
Chen Ying-Yao - - 2013
The relationship between hemoglobin and patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) has not been discussed before. In this study, we sought to assess the influence of hemoglobin and perinatal factors on PDA in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. Using data from the Premature Baby Foundation of Taiwan (PBFA), the characteristics, perinatal ...
Pfister Katie M - - 2013
Background:Preterm infants are at risk for long-term neurodevelopmental impairment as a function of postnatal nutritional status. Despite adequate neonatal weight gain, preterm infants have altered body composition, with lower fat-free mass (FFM) and higher adiposity at term corrected gestational age (CGA) than their term counterparts. The relationship between postnatal body ...
Abar Beau - - 2013
The current study seeks to compare the effects of prenatal methamphetamine exposure (PME) on infant and child physical growth between the USA and New Zealand (NZ). This cross-national comparison provides a unique opportunity to examine the potential impact of services provided to drug using mothers on child health. The longitudinal ...
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