Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 2696
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Gould Jeffrey B JB Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatal and Developmental Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, - - 2014
Maternal obesity is a major source of preventable perinatal morbidity, but studies of the relationship between obesity and preterm birth have been inconsistent. This review looks at two major studies covering just under 3.5 million births, from California, USA, and Sweden. Conclusions. Inconsistent findings in previous studies appear to stem ...
Gale Christopher C Section of Neonatal Medicine, Chelsea and Westminster Hospital Campus, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom (CG, SJ, KML, JRCP, SU, SS, and NM); the Metabolic and Molecular Imaging Group, Medical Research Council Clinical Sciences Centre, Hammersmith Campus, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom (ELT and JDB); and the Robert Steiner MRI Unit, Hammersmith Campus, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom - - 2014
The effect of mode of infant feeding on adiposity deposition is not fully understood. The objective was to test the hypothesis that differences in total and regional adipose tissue content and intrahepatocellular lipid (IHCL) arise in early infancy between breast- and formula-fed infants and to describe longitudinal changes. This prospective ...
Pierce Leslie M LM Division of Newborn Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Kravis Children's Hospital, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, New - - 2014
To determine whether birth weight less than 1500 g is a relevant guideline indicating the need for examination for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) when gestational age at birth is 30 or more completed weeks. A retrospective observational cohort study. A total of 266 infants in a single institutional neonatal intensive ...
Lee Juyoung J Department of Pediatrics, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of - - 2014
For premature infants with advanced acute abdomen, creating a temporary enterostomy is believed to be an appropriate surgical management. However, there is no consensus regarding the timing of enterostomy reversal. The aim of this study was to determine the optimal timing for enterostomy closure (EC) by analyzing EC-related complications. This ...
Norris Tom T Centre for Global Health and Human Development, School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences, Loughborough University , Loughborough , UK - - 2014
Abstract Background: Attempts to explain the increased risk for metabolic disorders observed in South Asians have focused on the "South Asian" phenotype at birth and subsequent post-natal growth, with little research on pre-natal growth. Aim: To identify whether divergent growth patterns exist for foetal weight, head (HC) and abdominal circumferences ...
Anderson Sarah E - - 2014
Poor quality relationships between mothers and toddlers have been associated with higher risk for childhood obesity, but few prospective studies of obesity have assessed maternal-child relationship quality in infancy. In addition it is not known whether the increased risk is associated with the mother's or the child's contribution to the ...
Kramer Caroline K CK Leadership Sinai Centre for Diabetes, Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, ON, Canada; Division of Endocrinology, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, - - 2014
Rapid weight gain in the first 3 months of life has been associated with an unfavourable cardio-metabolic phenotype in adulthood. However, little is known about the antepartum determinants of this rapid weight gain, which may reflect key developmental exposures that program metabolic pathways. Thus, we sought to characterize the antepartum determinants ...
Mukhopadhyay Dhriti D Texas A&M University, Scott & White Memorial Hospital, Temple, TX, United - - 2014
The aim of this study was to determine the relationship of birth weight and gestational age with regulatory T cells (Tregs) in cord blood of human newborns. Cord blood mononuclear cells (CBMCs) of 210 newborns were analyzed using flow cytometry to identify Tregs (CD3(+), CD4(+), CD25(high), FoxP3(high)) and measure FoxP3 ...
Beyerlein Andreas A Institute of Diabetes Research, Helmholtz Zentrum München, and Forschergruppe Diabetes, Klinikum rechts der Isar, Technische Universität München, Neuherberg, - - 2014
Islet autoimmunity commonly develops early in infancy. We assessed whether specific parameters of early growth (including weight gain) were associated with the development of islet autoimmunity in children of type 1 diabetes patients, taking individual developmental patterns into account. Growth parameters were estimated in n = 1011 children followed from birth in ...
Fairchild K D KD Department of Pediatrics, University of Virginia School of Medicine, Charlottesville, VA, - - 2014
Objective:Brain injury in preterm infants may lead to an inflammatory response and central nervous system dysfunction reflected by abnormal heart rate characteristics (HRC). We hypothesized that a continuously monitored HRC index reflecting reduced HR variability and decelerations correlates with abnormal neuroimaging and outcomes in extremely low birth weight infants (ELBW).Study ...
Engel Stephanie M - - 2014
Although epigenetic regulation plays a critical role in embryonic development, few studies have examined the relationship of epigenome-wide methylation with fetal growth. Using the Infinium HumanMethylation450 BeadChip (Illumina, Inc., San Diego, California) in a substudy of 1,046 infants from the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study (MoBa) enrolled between 1999 ...
Salihu Hamisu M HM Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, College of Public Health, University of South Florida, 13201 Bruce B. Downs, MDC56, Tampa, FL, 33612, USA, - - 2014
The absence of fathers during pregnancy increases the risk of feto-infant morbidities, including low birth weight (LBW), preterm birth (PTB), and small-for-gestational age. Previous research has shown that the Central Hillsborough Healthy Start project (CHHS)-a federally funded initiative in Tampa, Florida-has improved birth outcomes. This study explores the effectiveness of ...
Tennekoon Kamani H KH Institute of Biochemistry, Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, University of Colombo, Colombo, Sri - - 2014
Background: Leptin and insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) promote fetal growth. Their availability is modulated by soluble leptin receptor (SLR) and insulin-like growth factor-binding proteins (IGFBP). Studies that accounted for SLR levels when investigating the association of leptin, IGF-I and IGFBPs on birth indices are scarce. Methods: Cord blood leptin, SLR, ...
Allvin K K Gothenburg Pediatric Growth Research Center (GP-GRC), Institute of Clinical Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg and The Queen Silvia Children's Hospital, Gothenburg, - - 2014
To find predictors of abnormal retinal vascularisation in moderately to late preterm newborn infants considered to have no risk of developing retinopathy of prematurity. Seventy-eight infants (34 girls) were recruited from a longitudinal study of otherwise healthy premature children born at a gestational age of 32+0-36+6 weeks. Retinal vessel morphology ...
Böhler Thomas T Medical Service of Statutory Health Insurance in Baden-Württemberg , Karlsruhe, - - 2014
In preterm infants with very low birth weight (VLBW) <1500 g the most important acquired intestinal diseases are necrotising enterocolitis (NEC) and focal intestinal perforation (FIP). We analyzed data of the neonatology module of national external comparative quality assurance for inpatients in the state of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. Between 2010 and ...
Fuster Vicente V * Department of Zoology and Physical Anthropology, Faculty of Biology, Complutense University of Madrid, - - 2014
Summary The geographic and demographic dimensions of Spain, in terms of surface and number of inhabitants, and its heterogeneous socioeconomic development offer an adequate opportunity to study the provincial differences in birth weight from 1996 to 2010, focusing on possible factors determining the relative frequency of low birth weight. The ...
Yachi Yoko Y Faculty of Health and Nutrition, Yamanashi Gakuin University, Yamanashi, Japan; Department of Internal Medicine, Niigata University Faculty of Medicine, Niigata, Japan; Tanaka Women's Clinic, Tokyo, - - 2014
Although it is well known that the maternal prepregnancy BMI is a strong contributor to fetal growth, our results showed that a low postload glucose level, although within normal range, independent of maternal BMI was strongly associated with an increased risk of low birth weight births among Japanese mothers.
Sahingöz Mine M From the *Department of Psychiatry, University of Necmettin Erbakan, Meram Faculty of Medicine, Konya; †Department of Psychiatry, Bakirkoy Research and Training Hospital, Istanbul; and Departments of ‡Psychiatry and §Neonatology, University of Selcuk, Faculty of Medicine, Konya, - - 2014
It is unclear whether antidepressant treatment has a preventive effect on negative neonatal outcomes due to major depression in pregnant women. The objective of the present study was to compare women with major depression treated with antidepressants, untreated women with major depression, and healthy women during pregnancy with respect to ...
Tashiro Jun J Division of Pediatric Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, - - 2014
Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is a condition that commonly affects premature and low birth weight (BW) infants at times necessitating surgical intervention. We examined outcomes after surgical ligation (SL). We analyzed the Kids' Inpatient Database for premature infants diagnosed with PDA, admitted at <8 d of age. Patient demographics, disposition, morbidity, ...
Wang Guoying G Department of Population, Family and Reproductive Health, Center on Early Life Origins of Disease, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, - - 2014
Although previous reports have linked preterm birth with insulin resistance in children and adults, it is not known whether altered insulin homeostasis is detectable at birth and tracks from birth through childhood. To investigate whether preterm birth is associated with elevated plasma insulin levels at birth and whether this association ...
Vassallo Paula Frizera PF Aix-Marseille Universite, Inserm, VRCM, UMR_S 1076, Marseille, - - 2014
Epidemiological and experimental studies indicate that early vascular dysfunction occurs in low birth weight subjects, especially preterm infants (PT). We recently reported impaired angiogenic activity of endothelial colony forming cells (ECFCs) in this condition. We hypothesized that ECFCs dysfunction in PT might result from premature senescence and investigated the underlying ...
Rogers Samantha L SL School of Psychology (S.L.R., C.A.J., L.F., K.S., J.B.) and Centre for Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Metabolism (B.A.H., P.M.S., C.H.L.S., N.P.K., J.W.T.), Institute of Biomedical Research, School of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TH, United Kingdom; Department of Clinical Biochemistry (N.T.), King's College Hospital National Health Service Foundation Trust, London WC2R 2LS, United Kingdom; and Children's Hospital, Oakland's Research Institute (C.H.L.S.), Oakland, California - - 2014
Low birth weight is associated with adverse metabolic outcome in adulthood. Exposure to glucocorticoid (GC) excess in utero is associated with decreased birth weight, but the prospective longitudinal relationship between GC metabolism and growth has not been examined. We have hypothesized that changes in GC metabolism leading to increased availability ...
Granado-Lorencio F F Unidad de Vitaminas, Hospital Universitario Puerta de Hierro, Majadahonda, Madrid; Servicio de Bioquímica Clínica, Hospital Universitario Puerta de Hierro, Majadahonda, Madrid. Electronic address: - - 2014
We aim to determine 3-epi-25-OH-D3 in 155 leftover infant samples (<12months) and its relationship with demographic, anthropometric and biochemical markers. Samples were randomly collected and assessed for 3-epi-25-OH-D3 by HPLC. Biochemical data were recorded, if available, including C-reactive protein, calcium, liver and renal markers. Season of birth, gestational age (pre-term ...
Catalano Ralph R School of Public Health, 50 University Hall #7360, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Much medical literature attributes persistently high rates of very low birthweight (VLBW) to "dysregulated" gestation. We offer the alternative view that natural selection conserved well-regulated, though nonconscious, decisional biology that protects the reproductive fitness of women by spontaneously aborting gestations that would otherwise yield frail infants, particularly small males. Modern ...
Beardsall Kathryn K Department of Pediatrics, University of Cambridge, Addenbrooke's Hospital NHS Trust, Hills Road, Cambridge, United Kingdom; Neonatal Unit, Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Cambridge, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
Insulin regulates the secretion of insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) in the newborn, and low levels of IGF-I have been linked to neonatal morbidity. As part of the Neonatal Insulin Replacement Therapy in Europe Trial, we investigated the impact of early insulin treatment on IGF-I levels and their relationship with ...
Fleischer Nancy L NL University of South Carolina Arnold School of Public Health, Columbia, South Carolina, - - 2014
Inhaling fine particles (PM2.5) can induce oxidative stress and inflammation, and may contribute to onset of preterm labor and other adverse perinatal outcomes. We examined whether outdoor PM2.5 was associated with adverse birth outcomes among 22 countries in the World Health Organization Global Survey on Maternal and Perinatal Health from ...
Cartagena Diana C - - 2014
To evaluate existing evidence on factors potentially contributing to infant overfeeding among Hispanic mothers that may explain the high infant overweight rates often seen among this ethnic group. Electronic databases including CINHAL and MEDLINE were searched for relevant studies published from 1998 to January 2012. Related article searches and reference ...
Hollén Linda I LI Centre for Child and Adolescent Health, School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Oakfield House, Oakfield Grove, Bristol BS8 2BN, - - 2014
Infants with slow weight gain cause concern in parents and professionals, but it is difficult to be certain whether such infants are genetically small or whether their energy intake is insufficient. The aim of the present study was to assess the impact of diet and feeding behaviours on slow weight ...
Ferreira Rachel C RC Instituto Fernandes Figueira, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz (FIOCRUZ), Rio de Janeiro, RJ, - - 2014
to evaluate neonatal sepsis as a risk factor for abnormal neuromotor and cognitive development in very low birth weight preterm infants at 12 months of corrected age. this was a prospective cohort study that followed the neuromotor and cognitive development of 194 very low birth weight preterm infants discharged from ...
Bekker A A Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Stellenbosch University, Tygerberg, South - - 2014
Background: Isoniazid (INH) is recommended as post-tuberculosis exposure preventive therapy in children. However, no pharmacokinetic data are available for INH in low birth weight (LBW)-infants, who are undergoing substantial developmental and physiological changes.Objectives: To determine the pharmacokinetic parameters of INH at 10 mg/kg/day, and to define its pharmacokinetics relative to ...
Newberry Desi M DM Duke University School of Nursing, Durham, and WakeMed Faculty Physicians-Neonatology, Raleigh, North Carolina (Drs Newberry and Robertson); WakeMed Faculty Physicians-Neonatology, Raleigh, North Carolina, and University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill (Dr Young); and Duke University School of Nursing (Drs Levy and Brandon) and Department of Pediatrics, Duke University School of Medicine (Dr Brandon), Durham, North - - 2014
To compare the effect of standardized upper extremity position versus varied upper extremity positions on neonatal peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) tip placement and movement. Secondary outcomes assessed were compliance with education, implementation, and complication rates. Tip movement was analyzed between 136 post-PICC insertion x-ray pairs from 72 infants in ...
López Claudia Peyres CP Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, - - 2014
Purpose: To compare the swallowing performance of premature infants using a cup and a bottle during the first offer of food by mouth. Methods: This study was carried out with preterm newborns who presented low weight at birth and no neurological illnesses, genetic syndromes or congenital malformations. The newborns were ...
Sanghi Gaurav - - 2014
In this retrospective case series, we report the spectrum and outcomes of aggressive posterior retinopathy of prematurity (APROP) in infants ≥1500 g birth weight. Twenty-nine eyes of 15 infants are included. All infants were referred from level I or II nurseries, received supplemental unmonitored oxygen for prolonged duration (>1 week) ...
Yu Honghua H Department of Ophthalmology, General Hospital of Guangzhou Military Command of PLA, Guangzhou, China; State Key Laboratory of Ophthalmology, Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, - - 2014
Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is the leading cause of blindness in preterm infants. In this study, we investigated the cytokine levels in cord blood of normal preterm neonates and preterm infants developed ROP. Serum levels of 10 cytokines in umbilical cord blood were measured by multiplex protein arrays from 62 ...
Chen Limei L Department of Environmental Health, School of Public Health, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, 200025, - - 2014
Manganese (Mn) is an essential mineral nutrient in mammals. The physiological role of Mn in animal models is well documented, but little is known about the adverse effects of Mn deficiency or overexposure in humans, including pregnancy outcomes such as birth weight. We examined the relationship of the maternal and ...
Yerushalmy-Feler Anat A Department of Neonatology, Tel-Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel-Aviv University, Tel-Aviv, Israel; Child Neurology and Development Unit, Department of Pediatric Neurosurgery, Tel-Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel-Aviv University, Tel-Aviv, - - 2014
To determine the impact of fetal growth on postnatal amplitude-integrated electroencephalography (aEEG) and power spectrum electroencephalography (EEG) data in preterm infants born with intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). We defined IUGR as birth weight <10th percentile, and control as birth weight appropriate for gestational age (GA). We performed single-channel (C3-C4) EEG ...
Liu Zhe Z Department of Biostatistics, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, United States; State Key Laboratory of Environmental Criteria and Risk Assessment & Environmental Standards Institute, Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences, Beijing, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
Localized birth weight references for gestational age serve as an essential tool in accurate evaluation of atypical birth outcomes (e.g. small for gestational age) in clinical diagnosis and region-specific epidemiological studies. Such standards are currently not available in Mainland China. To construct up-to-date, sex- and parity-specific birth weight references based ...
Levy-Shraga Yael Y Pediatric Endocrine and Diabetes Unit, Edmond and Lily Safra Children's Hospital, Sheba Medical Center, Ramat Gan, Israel, 52621, 972526667388 ; - - 2014
Background: Overt neonatal Graves' disease is rare, but may be severe, even life-threatening, with deleterious effects on neural development. The main objective of this study was to describe the course of thyrotropin (TSH) and free thyroxin (FT4) levels, as well as postnatal weight gain in relation to FT4 levels, in ...
Rhie Young-Jun YJ 0000-0002-1250-6469 Department of Pediatrics, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
Exposure to endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs), particularly during developmental periods, gives rise to a variety of adverse health outcomes. Bisphenol A (BPA) is a well-known EDC commonly found in plastic products including food and water containers, baby bottles, and metal can linings. This study investigates infant exposure to BPA and ...
McKenzie Lisa M LM Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, Colorado School of Public Health, Aurora, Colorado, - - 2014
Birth defects are a leading cause of neonatal mortality. Natural gas development (NGD) emits several potential teratogens and US production is expanding. We examined associations between maternal residential proximity to NGD and birth outcomes in a retrospective cohort study of 124,842 births between 1996 and 2009 in rural Colorado. We ...
Voller Stephannie Baehl SB Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine and Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Preterm infants are at risk for postnatal growth failure (PGF). Identification of biomarkers that are associated with neonatal growth may help reduce PGF and associated long-term morbidity. To investigate the associations between cord blood vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and its soluble receptor (sFlt-1) with birth weight (BW) and postnatal ...
Bhakhri Bhanu Kiran - - 2014
Background: It is inappropriate to use universal cut-off points to interpret stretched penile length (SPL) measurements in newborns with variable body dimensions. Aim: To assess neonatal SPL on the basis of gestational maturity and anthropometric parameters at birth. Methods: A cross-sectional observational study of SPL was conducted on stable newborns ...
Waruingi Wambui W Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, Metro Health Medical Center, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, OH, 44109, - - 2014
To determine the characteristics and outcomes of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants. A retrospective case-control study of all ELBW infants admitted to a level III neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) between January 1, 2003 and December 31, 2010. During the study period, 450 ELBW ...
Ofek Shlomai Noa N Department of Neonatology, Hadassah and Hebrew University Medical Center, Jerusalem, - - 2014
To assess whether the postnatal growth of preterm very low birth weight (VLBW) infants, as determined by measures of postnatal growth failure (PNGF), improved during the period 1995-2010 and to evaluate postnatal growth by gestational age (GA) and intrauterine growth groups. The study was based on the Israel national VLBW ...
Baker Arthur M AM Memorial Health University Medical Center, Mercer School of Medicine, Savannah Campus, 4750 Waters Avenue, Suite 302, Savannah, GA, 31404, USA, - - 2014
Our aim was to estimate the perinatal risk factors associated with spontaneous preterm birth in the teenage parturient. In a cohort study of all nulliparous teen (≤18-year old) deliveries over a 4-year period at one institution, we identified all cases of spontaneous preterm birth as defined by non-indicated delivery prior ...
Agostini Francesca F Department of Psychology, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
The study evaluated the quality of preterm infant-mother interactions, considering severity of birth weight (ELBW and VLBW) and maternal depression, compared to full term babies. 69 preterm infants (29 ELBW and 40 VLBW) and 80 full-term (FT) infants and their mothers were recruited. At 3 months of corrected age, the ...
Brown A A Department of Public Health and Policy Studies, Swansea University, UK. SA2 8PP. Electronic address: - - 2014
Maternal eating behaviour (e.g. restraint, disinhibition) has been associated with maternal child-feeding style (e.g. pressure to eat, restricting intake, monitoring) for children over the age of two years. In particular, mothers high in restraint are significantly more likely to restrict and monitor their child's intake of food. Research has not ...
Godang Kristin K K Godang, Oslo, 0027, - - 2014
Neonatal body fat is an important indicator of foetal energy supply and growth with potential importance for long-term health. In this study, we wanted to explore seasonal variation of 25(OH)D in maternal and umbilical cord plasma (UCP); to examine whether maternal and foetal 25(OH)D levels were associated with maternal BMI ...
Ekéus Cecilia - - 2014
Few studies have focused on cerebral complications among newborn infants delivered by vacuum extraction (VE). The aim of this study was to determine the risk for intracranial haemorrhage and/or cerebral dysfunction in newborn infants delivered by VE and to compare this risk with that after cesarean section in labour (CS) ...
Grytten Jostein J Department of Community Dentistry, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Institute of Clinical Medicine, Akershus University Hospital, Lørenskog, Norway. Electronic address: - - 2014
Birth weight is an important predictor of health and success in later life. Little is known about the effect of mothers' education on birth weight. A few causal analyses have been done, but they show conflicting results. We estimated the effect of mothers' education on birth weight by using data ...
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