Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 2654
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Beardsall Kathryn K Department of Pediatrics, University of Cambridge, Addenbrooke's Hospital NHS Trust, Hills Road, Cambridge, United Kingdom; Neonatal Unit, Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Cambridge, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
Insulin regulates the secretion of insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) in the newborn, and low levels of IGF-I have been linked to neonatal morbidity. As part of the Neonatal Insulin Replacement Therapy in Europe Trial, we investigated the impact of early insulin treatment on IGF-I levels and their relationship with ...
Fleischer Nancy L NL University of South Carolina Arnold School of Public Health, Columbia, South Carolina, - - 2014
Inhaling fine particles (PM2.5) can induce oxidative stress and inflammation, and may contribute to onset of preterm labor and other adverse perinatal outcomes. We examined whether outdoor PM2.5 was associated with adverse birth outcomes among 22 countries in the World Health Organization Global Survey on Maternal and Perinatal Health from ...
Cartagena Diana C - - 2014
To evaluate existing evidence on factors potentially contributing to infant overfeeding among Hispanic mothers that may explain the high infant overweight rates often seen among this ethnic group. Electronic databases including CINHAL and MEDLINE were searched for relevant studies published from 1998 to January 2012. Related article searches and reference ...
Hollén Linda I LI Centre for Child and Adolescent Health, School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Oakfield House, Oakfield Grove, Bristol BS8 2BN, - - 2014
Infants with slow weight gain cause concern in parents and professionals, but it is difficult to be certain whether such infants are genetically small or whether their energy intake is insufficient. The aim of the present study was to assess the impact of diet and feeding behaviours on slow weight ...
Ferreira Rachel C RC Instituto Fernandes Figueira, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz (FIOCRUZ), Rio de Janeiro, RJ, - - 2014
to evaluate neonatal sepsis as a risk factor for abnormal neuromotor and cognitive development in very low birth weight preterm infants at 12 months of corrected age. this was a prospective cohort study that followed the neuromotor and cognitive development of 194 very low birth weight preterm infants discharged from ...
Bekker A A Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Stellenbosch University, Tygerberg, South - - 2014
Background: Isoniazid (INH) is recommended as post-tuberculosis exposure preventive therapy in children. However, no pharmacokinetic data are available for INH in low birth weight (LBW)-infants, who are undergoing substantial developmental and physiological changes.Objectives: To determine the pharmacokinetic parameters of INH at 10 mg/kg/day, and to define its pharmacokinetics relative to ...
Newberry Desi M DM Duke University School of Nursing, Durham, and WakeMed Faculty Physicians-Neonatology, Raleigh, North Carolina (Drs Newberry and Robertson); WakeMed Faculty Physicians-Neonatology, Raleigh, North Carolina, and University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill (Dr Young); and Duke University School of Nursing (Drs Levy and Brandon) and Department of Pediatrics, Duke University School of Medicine (Dr Brandon), Durham, North - - 2014
To compare the effect of standardized upper extremity position versus varied upper extremity positions on neonatal peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) tip placement and movement. Secondary outcomes assessed were compliance with education, implementation, and complication rates. Tip movement was analyzed between 136 post-PICC insertion x-ray pairs from 72 infants in ...
López Claudia Peyres CP Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, - - 2014
Purpose: To compare the swallowing performance of premature infants using a cup and a bottle during the first offer of food by mouth. Methods: This study was carried out with preterm newborns who presented low weight at birth and no neurological illnesses, genetic syndromes or congenital malformations. The newborns were ...
Sanghi Gaurav - - 2014
In this retrospective case series, we report the spectrum and outcomes of aggressive posterior retinopathy of prematurity (APROP) in infants ≥1500 g birth weight. Twenty-nine eyes of 15 infants are included. All infants were referred from level I or II nurseries, received supplemental unmonitored oxygen for prolonged duration (>1 week) ...
Yu Honghua H Department of Ophthalmology, General Hospital of Guangzhou Military Command of PLA, Guangzhou, China; State Key Laboratory of Ophthalmology, Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, - - 2014
Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is the leading cause of blindness in preterm infants. In this study, we investigated the cytokine levels in cord blood of normal preterm neonates and preterm infants developed ROP. Serum levels of 10 cytokines in umbilical cord blood were measured by multiplex protein arrays from 62 ...
Chen Limei L Department of Environmental Health, School of Public Health, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, 200025, - - 2014
Manganese (Mn) is an essential mineral nutrient in mammals. The physiological role of Mn in animal models is well documented, but little is known about the adverse effects of Mn deficiency or overexposure in humans, including pregnancy outcomes such as birth weight. We examined the relationship of the maternal and ...
Yerushalmy-Feler Anat A Department of Neonatology, Tel-Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel-Aviv University, Tel-Aviv, Israel; Child Neurology and Development Unit, Department of Pediatric Neurosurgery, Tel-Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel-Aviv University, Tel-Aviv, - - 2014
To determine the impact of fetal growth on postnatal amplitude-integrated electroencephalography (aEEG) and power spectrum electroencephalography (EEG) data in preterm infants born with intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). We defined IUGR as birth weight <10th percentile, and control as birth weight appropriate for gestational age (GA). We performed single-channel (C3-C4) EEG ...
Liu Zhe Z Department of Biostatistics, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, United States; State Key Laboratory of Environmental Criteria and Risk Assessment & Environmental Standards Institute, Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences, Beijing, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
Localized birth weight references for gestational age serve as an essential tool in accurate evaluation of atypical birth outcomes (e.g. small for gestational age) in clinical diagnosis and region-specific epidemiological studies. Such standards are currently not available in Mainland China. To construct up-to-date, sex- and parity-specific birth weight references based ...
Levy-Shraga Yael Y Pediatric Endocrine and Diabetes Unit, Edmond and Lily Safra Children's Hospital, Sheba Medical Center, Ramat Gan, Israel, 52621, 972526667388 ; - - 2014
Background: Overt neonatal Graves' disease is rare, but may be severe, even life-threatening, with deleterious effects on neural development. The main objective of this study was to describe the course of thyrotropin (TSH) and free thyroxin (FT4) levels, as well as postnatal weight gain in relation to FT4 levels, in ...
Rhie Young-Jun YJ 0000-0002-1250-6469 Department of Pediatrics, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
Exposure to endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs), particularly during developmental periods, gives rise to a variety of adverse health outcomes. Bisphenol A (BPA) is a well-known EDC commonly found in plastic products including food and water containers, baby bottles, and metal can linings. This study investigates infant exposure to BPA and ...
McKenzie Lisa M LM Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, Colorado School of Public Health, Aurora, Colorado, - - 2014
Birth defects are a leading cause of neonatal mortality. Natural gas development (NGD) emits several potential teratogens and US production is expanding. We examined associations between maternal residential proximity to NGD and birth outcomes in a retrospective cohort study of 124,842 births between 1996 and 2009 in rural Colorado. We ...
Voller Stephannie Baehl SB Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine and Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Preterm infants are at risk for postnatal growth failure (PGF). Identification of biomarkers that are associated with neonatal growth may help reduce PGF and associated long-term morbidity. To investigate the associations between cord blood vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and its soluble receptor (sFlt-1) with birth weight (BW) and postnatal ...
Bhakhri Bhanu Kiran - - 2014
Background: It is inappropriate to use universal cut-off points to interpret stretched penile length (SPL) measurements in newborns with variable body dimensions. Aim: To assess neonatal SPL on the basis of gestational maturity and anthropometric parameters at birth. Methods: A cross-sectional observational study of SPL was conducted on stable newborns ...
Waruingi Wambui W Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, Metro Health Medical Center, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, OH, 44109, - - 2014
To determine the characteristics and outcomes of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants. A retrospective case-control study of all ELBW infants admitted to a level III neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) between January 1, 2003 and December 31, 2010. During the study period, 450 ELBW ...
Ofek Shlomai Noa N Department of Neonatology, Hadassah and Hebrew University Medical Center, Jerusalem, - - 2014
To assess whether the postnatal growth of preterm very low birth weight (VLBW) infants, as determined by measures of postnatal growth failure (PNGF), improved during the period 1995-2010 and to evaluate postnatal growth by gestational age (GA) and intrauterine growth groups. The study was based on the Israel national VLBW ...
Baker Arthur M AM Memorial Health University Medical Center, Mercer School of Medicine, Savannah Campus, 4750 Waters Avenue, Suite 302, Savannah, GA, 31404, USA, - - 2014
Our aim was to estimate the perinatal risk factors associated with spontaneous preterm birth in the teenage parturient. In a cohort study of all nulliparous teen (≤18-year old) deliveries over a 4-year period at one institution, we identified all cases of spontaneous preterm birth as defined by non-indicated delivery prior ...
Agostini Francesca F Department of Psychology, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
The study evaluated the quality of preterm infant-mother interactions, considering severity of birth weight (ELBW and VLBW) and maternal depression, compared to full term babies. 69 preterm infants (29 ELBW and 40 VLBW) and 80 full-term (FT) infants and their mothers were recruited. At 3 months of corrected age, the ...
Brown A A Department of Public Health and Policy Studies, Swansea University, UK. SA2 8PP. Electronic address: - - 2014
Maternal eating behaviour (e.g. restraint, disinhibition) has been associated with maternal child-feeding style (e.g. pressure to eat, restricting intake, monitoring) for children over the age of two years. In particular, mothers high in restraint are significantly more likely to restrict and monitor their child's intake of food. Research has not ...
Godang Kristin K K Godang, Oslo, 0027, - - 2014
Neonatal body fat is an important indicator of foetal energy supply and growth with potential importance for long-term health. In this study, we wanted to explore seasonal variation of 25(OH)D in maternal and umbilical cord plasma (UCP); to examine whether maternal and foetal 25(OH)D levels were associated with maternal BMI ...
Ekéus Cecilia - - 2014
Few studies have focused on cerebral complications among newborn infants delivered by vacuum extraction (VE). The aim of this study was to determine the risk for intracranial haemorrhage and/or cerebral dysfunction in newborn infants delivered by VE and to compare this risk with that after cesarean section in labour (CS) ...
Grytten Jostein J Department of Community Dentistry, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Institute of Clinical Medicine, Akershus University Hospital, Lørenskog, Norway. Electronic address: - - 2014
Birth weight is an important predictor of health and success in later life. Little is known about the effect of mothers' education on birth weight. A few causal analyses have been done, but they show conflicting results. We estimated the effect of mothers' education on birth weight by using data ...
Khanal Vishnu - - 2014
The global Low Birth Weight (LBW) rate is reported to be 15.5% with more than 95% of these LBW infants being from developing countries. LBW is a major factor associated with neonatal deaths in developing countries. The determinants of low birth weight in Nepal have rarely been studied. This study ...
Pereira-da-Silva Luis - - 2014
When using the useful 2013 Fenton Chart, data should be interpreted with caution taking into account two aspects: the physiologic loss of body water after birth for the weight curves, and the questionable accuracy of the birth length curves considering the heterogeneity and reliability of the methods used in the ...
Bain J J 1] Duke University Medical Center, Duke Clinical Research Institute, Durham, NC, USA [2] Department of Pediatrics, Duke University Medical Center, Duke University, Durham, NC, - - 2014
Objective:Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is associated with a significant morbidity and mortality in premature infants. We sought to identify the frequency of NEC in very-low-birth-weight infants with isolated ventricular septal defects (VSDs) or atrial septal defects (ASDs) using a large multicenter database.Study design:We identified a cohort of infants with birth weight ...
van Wijngaarden Edwin E Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, NY; Department of Environmental Medicine, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, NY. Electronic address: - - 2014
Epidemiologic studies have been inconclusive regarding the impact of coexposure to long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA) and methylmercury (MeHg) from fish consumption during pregnancy on measures of fetal development. We evaluated the association between birth weight and prenatal maternal LCPUFA status and MeHg exposure in the Republic of Seychelles. ...
Demerath Ellen W EW Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, University of Minnesota School of Public Health, Minneapolis, Minnesota, - - 2014
Body composition assessment provides a sharper picture of the human biological response to genetic and environmental influences than measures of body size and weight. Infant body composition is particularly important as a marker of fetal adaptation and developmental programming of subsequent health and disease, but until recently, the range of ...
Katz Yitzhak Y Allergy and Immunology Institute, Assaf Harofeh Medical Center, Zerifin, Israel, - - 2014
Since 1943, cases of sensitization or allergy to soy-based formulas (SBFs) have been described without any consensus on their real prevalence. We identified the adjusted prevalence of IgE-mediated soy allergies in children and performed a secondary analysis of the impact of age (less than and more than 6 months). We performed ...
Gavard Jeffrey A JA Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Women's Health, Saint Louis University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO, - - 2014
Limited data is available that estimates the effect of gestational weight gain on maternal and neonatal outcomes in term twin pregnancies in obese women. A historical cohort study of 831 obese (BMI ≥30.0 kg/m2) women in Missouri delivering 1,662 liveborn, term (≥37 weeks gestation) twin infants in 1998-2005 was conducted. ...
Brown Lisa F LF School of Nursing, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA, - - 2014
To describe maternal behaviors occurring before infant regulated or dysregulated behavior at three times in early infancy and examine behavioral patterns over time with their prematurely born infants. Video recordings of 37 dyads were coded on infant regulated and dysregulated behaviors following maternal soothing and stimulating behaviors. At each time, ...
Hermansson Henriina H Department of Paediatrics, University of Turku and Turku University Hospital, Turku, - - 2014
Background: Caesarean section rates have increased in parallel with those of obesity. Decreased levels of adiponectin, an adipocyte-derived metabolic hormone present in abundant concentrations in cord blood and breast milk, have been documented in association with obesity in children and adults. Objective: To determine whether the mode of delivery affects ...
Chen Shen-Dar SD Department of Pediatrics, Ditmanson Medical Foundation Chiayi Christian Hospital, Chiayi City, - - 2014
Neonatal intensive care has changed dramatically over the past few decades and the survival of infants has generally improved in many countries. The purpose of this study was to explore the recent evolution of mortality and morbidities among very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants in southern Taiwan. We retrospectively reviewed the medical records ...
Wylie Blair J - - 2014
Smoke from biomass burning has been linked to reduced birth weight; association with other birth outcomes is poorly understood. Our objective was to evaluate effects of exposure to biomass smoke on birth weight, preterm birth and stillbirth. Information on household cooking fuel was available for secondary analysis from two cohorts ...
Malin Gl G School of Medicine, the University of Nottingham, Nottingham, - - 2014
Intrauterine growth restriction is a cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality. A variety of definitions of low birthweight are used in clinical practice, with a lack of consensus regarding which definitions best predict adverse outcomes. To evaluate the relationship between birthweight standards and neonatal outcome in term-born infants (at ≥ 37 weeks ...
Slyker Jennifer A - - 2014
Preterm birth (PTB), low birth weight (LBW) and small for gestational age (SGA) contribute to neonatal mortality. Maternal HIV-1 infection has been associated with an increased risk of PTB, but mechanisms underlying this association are undefined. We describe correlates and outcomes of PTB, LBW, and SGA in HIV-exposed uninfected infants. ...
Munden A A University of California, San Diego School of - - 2014
The etiology and exact incidence of infantile hemangiomas (IH) are unknown. Prior studies have noted immunohistochemical and biologic characteristics shared by IH and placental tissue. We investigated the possible association between placental anomalies and the development of IH, as well as the demographic characteristics and other risk factors for IH. ...
Roman Leeanne L Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology, College of Human Medicine, Michigan State University, East - - 2014
IMPORTANCE Policy makers and practitioners need rigorous evaluations of state-based Medicaid enhanced prenatal care programs that provide home visiting to guide improvements and inform future investments. Effects on adverse birth outcomes are of particular interest. OBJECTIVE To test if participation in the Michigan statewide enhanced prenatal care program, the Maternal ...
Svensson V V Karolinska Institutet, Department of Clinical Science, Intervention and Technology, Division of Pediatrics, Stockholm, - - 2014
To explore the simultaneous impact of parental adiposity and education level on infant growth from birth to 12 months, adjusting for known early-life risk factors for subsequent childhood obesity. Baseline data for 197 one-year-old children and their parents, participating in a longitudinal obesity intervention, were used. Obesity risk groups, high/low, ...
Cames Cecile C aInstitut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD), Montpellier, France bWHO, Reproductive Health and Research, Geneva, Switzerland cCentre Muraz, Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso dInternational Centre for Reproductive Health (ICRH), Mombasa, Kenya eInternational Centre for Reproductive Health, Ghent University, Belgium fCentre for International Health, Burnet Institute, Melbourne, Australia gUniversity of Nairobi, Kenya hAfrica Centre for Health and Population Studies, University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa iEunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland jNVPO/OASH/OS/DHHS, Washington, DC, USA. *The Kesho Bora Study Group members are listed in the acknowledgement - - 2014
To assess the relationship between infant feeding, triple-antiretroviral prophylaxis and weight from 2 weeks (baseline) to 6 months postpartum among HIV-infected mothers in a mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of HIV-prevention trial in five sub-Saharan African sites. HIV-infected pregnant women with CD4 cell counts of 200-500 cells/μl were counselled to choose breastfeeding to ...
Olson Christine M - - 2014
This article investigates the impact of community-based interventions developed by the Healthy Start Partnership (HSP) to promote healthy body weights in families. Intercept surveys were conducted to monitor community exposure. A nonconcurrent, no treatment control design was used to assess population-level weight outcomes. Control (n = 219) and intervention (n ...
Niebler Robert A RA Department of Pediatrics, Section of Critical Care, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, - - 2014
A female infant with unbalanced right ventricular dominant atrioventricular septal defect with double-outlet right ventricle and pulmonary stenosis had recurrent aortopulmonary shunt thrombosis. She was found to have low antithrombin levels and was managed with antithrombin replacement in addition to unfractionated heparin. A subsequent aortopulmonary shunt was successfully placed, and ...
Marino Jennifer L JL Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, The University of Melbourne, Royal Women's Hospital, Parkville, Victoria, - - 2014
Fertility treatment is associated with increased risk of major birth defects, which varies between in vitro fertilisation (IVF) and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), and is significantly reduced by embryo freezing. We therefore examined a range of additional perinatal outcomes for these exposures. All patients in South Australia receiving assisted conception ...
Ng O O Department of Anaesthesiology, Block 6, Level 2, Singapore General Hospital, Outram Road, Singapore 169608. - - 2014
The optimal anaesthetic management of neonates with complete congenital heart block (CCHB) is unknown, as there is a low incidence of such cases. Neonates with CCHB often require surgery for the initiation of electronic pacing. In addition to the challenges of anaesthetising a neonate, this procedure is risky due to ...
Huang Yujing Y Department of Environmental Hygiene, College of Preventive Medicine, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, - - 2014
Data concerning the effects of phthalate exposure on preterm delivery and fetal growth are limited in humans. In this paper, we assessed the relationship between 15 phthalate levels in cord blood and preterm delivery and fetal growth parameters in 207 Chinese women going into labor. Exposure to phthalates except DCHP ...
Khanal Vishnu V Maternal and Child Health Consultant, Sauraha Pharsatikar-1, Rupandehi, Nepal. - - 2014
Low birth weight (LBW) is a major cause of neonatal deaths in developing countries including Nepal. Its social determinants in Nepal have rarely been identified. This study aimed to identify the factors associated with low birth weight among under-five children comparing data from the Nepal Demographic and Health Surveys (NDHS) ...
Dodd Jodie M JM Robinson Institute and School of Paediatrics and Reproductive Health, University of Adelaide, 72 King William Road, North Adelaide, South Australia, Australia - - 2014
To determine the effect of antenatal dietary and lifestyle interventions on health outcomes in overweight and obese pregnant women. Multicentre randomised trial. We utilised a central telephone randomisation server, with computer generated schedule, balanced variable blocks, and stratification for parity, body mass index (BMI) category, and hospital. Three public maternity ...
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