Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 2399
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >
Lee Sunggyu - - 2013
Breast milk is a noninvasive specimen to assess maternal and infant exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and organochlorine pesticides (OCPs). In this study, 206 breast milk samples were collected from 87 participants during lactation, at <7, 15, 30, or 90days postpartum in four cities in Korea. The total concentrations of ...
de Wilde Jeroen A - - 2013
South Asian babies born in developed countries are generally lighter than babies from other ethnic groups born in the same country. While the mean birth weight of Caucasian babies in the Netherlands has increased the past decades, it is unknown if the mean birth weight of South Asian babies born ...
Paliy Oleg - - 2013
The rates of child and adult obesity have increased in most developed countries over the past several decades. The health consequences of obesity affect both physical and mental health, and the excess body weight can be linked to an elevated risk for developing type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular problems, and depression. ...
Kayani Salma I - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To determine the long-term outcome of infants born with cord pH ≤7.0 and no clinical evidence of asphyxia at birth. Design: Setting: Tertiary Referral Centre. A prospective matched cohort study was conducted. 51 term infants were recruited following singleton birth with venous cord pH ≤7.0.For each recruited baby ...
Kanmaz Hayriye Gozde - - 2013
Objectives and aim: Very low birth weight infants require 3 - 4 g/kg/day protein intake to provide satisfactory postnata growth rates and neurodevelopmental outcomes. However, they have fewer functional nephrons, thereby increasing vulnerability for impaired renal functions. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of different amounts ...
Elmeery A - - 2013
A preterm female infant born of 32 weeks gestational age was presenting with musculoskeletal abnormalities, and cholestasis that later on resolved. Later on, she developed renal tubular acidosis (RTA), poor weight gain, unexplained intermittent fever and recurrent spontaneous bleeding episodes. ARC is an acronym that stands for arthrogryposis, renal dysfunction ...
Hales J - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of individual physical characteristics on preweaning survival and growth of piglets born in a noncrate system. Data were collected from 3,402 neonatal piglets from 203 Landrace × Yorkshire sows housed in noncrate pens in a commercial Danish sow herd. Piglets ...
Buzzella Bridget - - 2013
To compare extubation failure rate with two ranges of nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) in oxygen dependent preterm infants. Preterm infants of birth weight 500-1000 g and gestational age 23-30 weeks, extubated for the first time during the first 6 weeks while requiring fraction of inspired oxygen ≥ 0.25, ...
Gong Yu-Hua - - 2013
The objective of this longitudinal study is to explore the relationship between temperament and physical development among infants in Beijing, China. A total of 1117 term, normal and singleton infants were followed regularly for 12 months. Body weight and horizontal length were measured at 42 days and monthly from the ...
Joung Kyoung Eun - - 2013
Objectives: Osteopontin (OPN) is a pro-inflammatory cytokine associated with metabolic syndrome. Extreme birth weight categories including small for gestational age (SGA), and large for gestational age (LGA) are risk factors for metabolic syndrome. However, normal levels of plasma OPN in neonates, and the relationship of OPN to fetal growth remain ...
Shoji Hiromichi - - 2013
The intrauterine environment affects the risk of development of cardiovascular disease in adulthood. The aim of this study was to determine the influence of prematurity and fetal growth restriction on lipid metabolism, by assessing atherogenic indices soon after birth in preterm infants. Blood samples were collected within 20 minutes of ...
Guerra Camila Campos - - 2013
To establish the prevalence and factors associated with developmental scores and delays in premature infants. A cross-sectional study was conducted on 100 premature infants with corrected ages of 18-24 months (actual ages 19.9 ± 2.0 months) and birth weights of 1,500-1,999 grams. Bayley-III scales were used to assess developmental scores, ...
Kadam Yugantara Ramesh YR Department of PSM, Bharati Vidyapeeth Deemed University Medical College and Hospital, Sangli, Maharashtra, - - 2013
Maternal exposure to kitchen fuel smoke may lead to impaired fetal growth. To study the effect of exposure to various kitchen fuels on birth weight. Retrospective analytical. Study setting: Hospital based. Mothers and their newborns. Mothers registered in first trimester with minimum 3 visits, non-anemic, full-term, and singleton delivery. History ...
Finigan Valerie V Pennine Acute NHS Hospitals - - 2013
Obesity is on the rise and at epidemic levels in many countries, including the UK. The costs of managing the health of a public with large body mass index (BMI) is spiralling out of control and, without a call for action, will continue to escalate. In this paper Valerie Finigan ...
Babu Thirunavukkarasu Arun TA Department of Pediatrics, Indira Gandhi Medical College and Research Institute, Pondicherry, - - 2013
We report a case of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) secondary to ingestion of Morinda coreia (Nonan) and Azadirachta indica (Neem) leaves extract in a nine months old child. This herbal extract is believed to accelerate weight gain in infants and is commonly used in South India.
Jadcherla Sudarshan R SR Sections of Neonatology - - 2013
To determine the practice variance, prevalence, and economic burden of clinically diagnosed gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) in preterm infants. Applying a retrospective cohort study design, we analyzed data from 18 567 preterm infants of 22 to 36 weeks' gestation and >400 g birth weight from the NICUs of 33 freestanding ...
Gattari Theresa B TB Department of Pediatrics and Communicable Diseases, - - 2013
The effect of circumcision on feeding behavior in the newborn period is unknown. We hypothesized that circumcision would not have a significant effect on newborn feeding. This prospective study analyzed the effect of circumcision on neonatal feeding behavior. Inclusion criteria were healthy male infants WHO were exclusively bottle-fed and underwent ...
Ademola-Popoola D D Department of Ophthalmology, University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital & University of - - 2013
The Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU)of our hospital has a 30% survival rate among babies born premature weighing <1,000g. This hospital serves about 10 million people; there was no retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) screening program in place in Nigeria. Babies born premature were recruited based on preset criteria: <35 weeks ...
Soares Daniele de Almeida Dde - - 2013
Investigating manual actions when infants' upper limbs are heavier can provide information on whether mechanical forces can influence the early ability of exploring grasped objects. This study assessed whether additional weight load affected typical infants' manual non-exploratory and exploratory behaviors. Ten healthy full-term infants were evaluated longitudinally at 5, 6, ...
Darney Blair G BG Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, Oregon; the University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California; Penn State University College of Medicine, Hershey, Pennsylvania; Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts; the Group Health Research Institute, Seattle, Washington; and Kaiser Permanente Southern California, Pasadena, - - 2013
To test the association of elective induction of labor at term compared with expectant management and maternal and neonatal outcomes. This was a retrospective cohort study of all deliveries without prior cesarean delivery in California in 2006 using linked hospital discharge and vital statistics data. We compared elective induction at ...
Rose Jessica - - 2013
At near-term age the brain undergoes rapid growth and development. Abnormalities identified during this period have been recognized as potential predictors of neurodevelopment in children born preterm. This study used diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) to examine white matter (WM) microstructure in very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) preterm infants to better understand regional WM ...
Gavard Jeffrey A - - 2013
Small-for-gestational-age (SGA) and large-for-gestational-age (LGA) infants are associated with increased adverse outcomes. While studies have estimated the association of gestational weight gain with birth weight in obese women, estimates are lacking by obesity class and diabetic status. A population-based historical cohort study of 66,010 obese pregnant women in Missouri delivering ...
Berngard Samuel Clark - - 2013
Stunting is prevalent by the age of 6months in the indigenous population of the Western Highlands of Guatemala. The objective of this study was to determine the time course and predictors of linear growth failure and weight-for-age in early infancy. One hundred and forty eight term newborns had measurements of ...
de Jongh B E - - 2013
Objective:To compare work of breathing (WOB) indices between two nCPAP settings and two levels of HFNC in a crossover study.Study Design:Infants with a CGA 28-40 weeks, baseline of HFNC 3-5 lpm or nCPAP 5-6 cmH2O and fraction of inspired oxygen 40% were eligible. WOB was analyzed using respiratory inductive plethysmography (RIP) for ...
Huizink A C - - 2013
Accumulating evidence from both human and preclinical studies indicates maternal substance use during pregnancy can affect fetal development, birth weight and infant outcomes. Thus, the prenatal period can be regarded as an important and potentially sensitive period of development. In this manuscript, an updated overview of studies on prenatal cannabis ...
Reifsnider Elizabeth - - 2013
Early and rapid growth in Infants is strongly associated with early development and persistence of obesity in young children. Substantial research has linked child obesity/overweight to increased risks for serious health outcomes, which include adverse physical, psychological, behavioral, or social consequences.Methods/design: The goal of this study is to compare the ...
Finnemore Anna A Centre for the Developing Brain, Imperial College London and MRC Clinical Sciences Centre, London, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to look for clinically significant adverse effects of chloral hydrate used in a large cohort of infants sedated for magnetic resonance imaging. Case notes of infants who underwent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scanning from 2008 to 2010 were reviewed, with patient demographics, sedation dose, ...
Scrafford Carolyn G - - 2013
To quantify the incidence of and risk factors for neonatal jaundice among infants referred for care from a rural, low-resource, population-based cohort in southern Nepal. Study participants were 18 985 newborn infants born in Sarlahi District in southern Nepal from May 2003 through January 2006 who participated in a cluster-randomised, placebo-controlled, ...
Clapin Helen - - 2013
Abstract Background: The World Health Organization (WHO) has recommended measurement of neonatal thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) as a marker of population iodine status. A population is considered iodine sufficient when <3% of neonatal blood samples collected 3-4 days after birth have TSH concentrations >5 mIU/L. However, changes in technology and clinical ...
Jardim-Botelho Anne - - 2013
Objective: To investigate infant overweight and rapid weight gain as predictors of overweight and adiposity in childhood.Methods: Prospective, longitudinal birth cohort following 153 low-income Brazilian children. Weight, length, middle upper arm circumference (MUAC) and triceps skinfold thickness (TSF) were measured on enrolment and 6-monthly for 18 months. Anthropometric z-scores were ...
Pogribna U - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:Diffusion tensor imaging at term can predict later development of cerebral palsy. Less is known about its ability to independently predict cognitive and language development in extremely preterm infants. The goals of the study were to investigate the following: 1) whether regional DTI measures at term-equivalent age in ...
Mogarekar Mukund Ramchandra - - 2013
To evaluate arylesterase and lactonase activity of paraoxonase (PON)1 in cord blood of neonates in relation to their birth weight. The authors hypothesized that cord blood PON1 arylesterase and lactonase activities will be compromised in neonates having low birth weight. Eighty neonates born in authors' hospital, irrespective of mode of ...
Wilson-Ching Michelle - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate attention difficulties in a contemporary geographic cohort of adolescents born extremely preterm (EP, <28 weeks' gestation) or extremely low birth weight (ELBW, birth weight <1000 g). The EP/ELBW group included 228 adolescents (mean age = 17.0 years) born in Victoria, Australia in ...
Kouwaki Masanori - - 2013
Objective: Spontaneous movements at 2months of corrected age in preterm infants with intellectual disability (ID) were investigated by assessing individual motor elements separated from movements involving the entire body. Methods: Video recordings of 20 preterm infants with ID (16 males, 4 females; median gestational age 26weeks; median birth weight 810g) ...
El-Dib Mohamed - - 2013
Abstract Background: Although the maturation of Sleep wake cycling (SWC) in premature infants has been described, its value in predicting neurodevelopmental outcome (NDO) is yet to be known. Objective: To examine the relationship between NDO and SWC evaluated by amplitude integrated electroencephalogram (aEEG) in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. ...
Simchen Michal J - - 2013
Abstract Objective: Sex differences in long and short-term outcomes for infants are observed. This has also been shown for several neonatal complications in preterm neonates. We aimed to evaluate whether sex impacts neonatal outcome among term neonates. Furthermore, we were interested in whether small-for gestational age male and female neonates ...
Lee A - - 2013
Very preterm newborn infants often need cardiovascular support. More knowledge about myocardial function and factors that influence the immature myocardium may be helpful for optimising cardiovascular support in these infants. Serial assessment of global myocardial function by means of colour tissue Doppler imaging (cTDI) in very and extremely preterm infants ...
Ferri Cláudia - - 2013
Objective: To determine the prevalence of iron-deficiency anemia and iron deficiency at 1 year of corrected age (CA) in preterm very-low-birth-weight infants, and to identify risk factors for iron-deficiency anemia.Methods: A cohort of infants with birth weight <1500 g and gestational age <34 weeks on iron prophylaxis were followed up ...
Bora Reeta - - 2013
Abstract Objectives: To determine the prevalence of anemia in pregnant women and characterize it's effect on neonatal outcome in Northeast India. Patients and Methods: Four hundred and seventy mothers and their newborn infants during a one month period were included. The association between maternal hemoglobin (Hb) at delivery and neonatal ...
Serce Ozge - - 2013
Probiotics have strain specific effects and the effects of fungi in preventing diseases in preterm infants have been investigated poorly. Saccharomyces boulardii is a yeast which acts both as a probiotic and a polyamine producer. The objective of this study was to investigate the efficacy of S. boulardii in preventing ...
Fauroux B - - 2013
SUMMARY The aim of this study was to describe the incidence and risk factors for respiratory morbidity during the 12-month period following the first respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) season in 242 preterm infants [<33 weeks gestational age (GA)] without bronchopulmonary dysplasia and 201 full-term infants (39-41 weeks GA) from the ...
Murgas Torrazza Roberto - - 2013
Background: Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a major cause of death and morbidity in very low birth weight infants. Objective: To identify biomarker(s) that would predict NEC using buccal swab samples utilizing a proteomic approach. Methods: Cumulative buccal swab samples derived from very low birth weight preterm infants (<32 weeks' gestational ...
Rossen Lauren M - - 2013
Objectives. We sought to measure overall disparities in pregnancy outcome, incorporating data from the many race and ethnic groups that compose the US population, to improve understanding of how disparities may have changed over time. Methods. We used Birth Cohort Linked Birth-Infant Death Data Files from US Vital Statistics from ...
Solmi Francesca - - 2013
A growing body of literature has investigated the association between maternal anorexia nervosa and pregnancy outcomes. Infant low birth weight is associated with a number of neurodevelopmental and physical sequelae; however, consistent results on its association with maternal anorexia nervosa are scant. Therefore, a systematic review and meta-analysis of the ...
Smilowitz Jennifer T - - 2013
Breast milk delivers nutrition and protection to the developing infant. There has been considerable research on the large molecular weight milk components; however, low-molecular-weight metabolites have received less attention. To determine the effect of maternal phenotype and diet on the human milk metabolome, milk collected at day 90 postpartum from ...
Suciu Laura Mihaela - - 2013
Birth before 28 weeks of gestation is associated with high mortality and morbidity. The purpose of this study was to examine characteristics associated with in-hospital mortality and morbidity among extremely-low-birth-weight neonates admitted to three tertiary care centers in Romania. The study was conducted in three Romanian hospitals with Level III ...
Sjaarda Lindsey A - - 2013
Using a cohort of 110,447 singleton, term pregnancies, we aimed to validate the previously proposed customized standard of LGA birthweight, derive an additional customized LGA model excluding maternal weight, and evaluate the association between differing definitions of customized LGA and perinatal morbidities. Three customized LGA classifications, in addition to population-based ...
Brennan Sonja - - 2013
Low birth weight (LBW, <2500 g) infants have a reduced number of glomeruli and nephrons and, therefore, smaller kidneys. The purpose of this pilot study was to determine whether renal parenchymal thickness might be a better indicator of renal growth. We carried out a pilot study over 12 mo to determine whether ...
Zhang Qian - - 2013
To evaluate the value of N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) levels along with spontaneous breathing trial (SBT) in the prediction of ventilator weaning outcome among respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) preterm infants ready to wean. NT-proBNP along with plasma albumin concentration, serum sodium, serum potassium, and hematocrit were measured immediately before ...
Savic Radojka M - - 2013
Little information is currently available regarding the pharmacokinetics of busulfan in infants and small children to help guide decisions for safe and efficacious drug therapy. The objective of this study was to develop an algorithm for individualized dosing of intravenous busulfan in infants and children weighing less than or equal ...
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >