Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 2697
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Shih Erin M EM Center for Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Metabolism, Children's Hospital Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Hypospadias is one of the most common congenital malformations, affecting about 4-6 males per 1,000 male births, and ranging in severity from a urethral meatus that is slightly off-center to a meatus in the perineal area. Over the past three decades its prevalence may have increased due to changes in ...
Cekmez Y Y Department of Obstrectic and Gynecology, Sami Ulus Medical and Research Hospital, 34090, Ankara, Turkey, - - 2014
This study was performed to investigate the role of first-hour 50-g oral glucose challenge test (GCT) parameters in predicting the risk of delivering a small-for-gestational-age infant and to determine the accuracy of estimated fetal weight. We screened 2,643 pregnant women >20 years of age and excluded 552 patients according to exclusion ...
Giannì Maria Lorella - - 2014
Preterm infants are at risk for adverse neurodevelopment. Furthermore, nutrition may play a key role in supporting neurodevelopment. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether a nutrient-enriched formula fed to preterm infants after hospital discharge could improve their neurodevelopment at 24 months (term-corrected age). We conducted an observer-blinded, ...
Shan Xiaoyi - - 2014
Information tracking changes of birthweight is scarce in China. To examine trends of low birthweight (birthweight <2500 g) and macrosomia (birthweight >=4000 g) and potential risk factors in Beijing, hospital records from two major obstetrics and gynecology hospitals in urban districts in Beijing were analyzed. Hospital records from 1996 to ...
Jensen Erik A EA Division of Neonatology, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia and University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, - - 2014
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is among the most common and serious sequelae of preterm birth. BPD affects at least one-quarter of infants born with birth weights less than 1500 g. The incidence of BPD increases with decreasing gestational age and birth weight. Additional important risk factors include intrauterine growth restriction, sepsis, ...
Fonseca Maria João MJ Institute of Public Health, University of Porto, Porto, - - 2014
Newborn weight loss (NWL) in the first 3 days of life is around 6 percent of birthweight (BW). We aim to describe the determinants of an excessive and insufficient NWL in the first 96 hours of life. A sample of 1,288 full-term singletons without congenital abnormality belonging to Generation XXI birth cohort ...
Nakano Yuya Y Department of Pediatrics, Showa University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Preterm infants have altered fat tissue development, including a higher percentage of fat mass and increased volume of visceral fat. They also have altered adiponectin levels, including a lower ratio of high-molecular-weight adiponectin (HMW-Ad) to total adiponectin (T-Ad) at term-equivalent age, compared with term infants. The objective of this study ...
Heimann K K Department of Neonatology, University Hospital Aachen, - - 2014
Feeding tolerance and the degree of abdominal distension are important factors on the ward round on a NICU. They are basis for systematic changes in enteral feeds and an early indicator of clinical deterioration. Our aim was to examine the ratio of abdominal circumference (AC) to body weight (BW) as ...
Badon Sylvia E SE Department of Preventive Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, - - 2014
Objective: Examine associations between gestational weight gain (GWG) exceeding Institute of Medicine (IOM) guidelines and neonatal adiposity in the five North American field centers of the Hyperglycemia and Adverse Pregnancy Outcome study. Design and Methods: GWG was categorized as less than, within, or greater than 2009 IOM guidelines. Birthweight, body ...
Olhager Elisabeth E Division of Paediatrics, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Faculty of Health Science, Linkoping University, SE-581 85, Linköping, - - 2014
To investigate changes in body weight, fat-free mass, fat mass and percentage of body fat during early life and at full-term post-conceptional age (PCA) in preterm infants born after 32 gestational weeks and before 37. Twenty-nine late preterm infants underwent growth and body composition assessment by air displacement plethysmography (ADP) ...
Stark Matthew M a Louisiana State University Health Science Center, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: With preeclampsia/eclampsia (PE/E), infants more often are either LGA or SGA. We explored whether the differences in the infant birthweight (BW), placental weights (PW) or time of onset is associated with histologic features of maternal vascular underperfusion. Method: A retrospective chart identified 243 PE/E gestations between 2007 and ...
Ferrari C V CV Setor de Suínos, Faculdade de Veterinária, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul - UFRGS, Av. Bento Gonçalves, 9090 Porto Alegre, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of colostrum intake on mortality and growth performance of piglets until 42 days of age, taking into account the birth weight, and parity order of sows. Colostrum intake from birth to 24h after birth was estimated in 300 piglets each ...
Inostroza Jaime J *Department of Basic Sciences, Universidad de La Frontera, Temuco, Chile †Nestlé Nutrition Institute, Vevey, Switzerland, and the Medical University of Vienna, Austria ‡Nestlé R&D, Nestec Ltd., Vevey, Switzerland §Department of Pediatrics, University of Iowa, Iowa City, - - 2014
Infant formulas provide more protein than breast milk. High protein intakes, as well as maternal obesity, are risk factors for later obesity. The present study tested whether a formula with lower protein content slows weight gain of infants of overweight mothers (BMI>25). In a randomized double-blind study infants of overweight ...
Shoji Hiromichi H Department of Pediatrics, Juntendo University Faculty of Medicine, Tokyo, - - 2014
Reactive oxygen species may be involved in serious diseases in premature infants. The objective of this study was to assess the relationship between neurodevelopmental outcomes and oxidative stress marker levels in the urine of very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants. Spot urine samples were collected from 35 VLBW infants. Urinary excretion of 8-hydroxy-2″-deoxyguanosine ...
Itabashi Kazuo K Department of Pediatrics, Showa University School of Medicine, Tokyo, - - 2014
More than 10 years have passed since the previous Japanese neonatal growth charts were published. Therefore, we aimed to develop an updated set of Japanese neonatal growth charts. We used data from the registry database of the Japan Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology from 2003 until 2005. We enrolled 150,471 ...
Weber Martina M Division of Metabolic and Nutritional Medicine, Dr. von Hauner Children's Hospital, University of Munich Medical Centre, Munich, Germany (MW, VG, and BK); the Paediatrics Research Unit, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Reus, Spain (RC-M and JE); Centre Hospitalier Chrétien St Vincent, Liège-Rocourt, Belgium (J-PL); the Department of Paediatrics, University Children's Hospital Queen Fabiola, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, Belgium (ED); the Department of Paediatrics, San Paolo Hospital, University of Milan, Milan, Italy (MG and EV); the Children's Memorial Health Institute, Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Warsaw, Poland (DG); and the Children's Memorial Health Institute, Department of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Eating Disorders, Warsaw, Poland - - 2014
Early nutrition is recognized as a target for the effective prevention of childhood obesity. Protein intake was associated with more rapid weight gain during infancy-a known risk factor for later obesity. We tested whether the reduction of protein in infant formula reduces body mass index (BMI; in kg/m(2)) and the ...
Estampador Angela C AC Genetic and Molecular Epidemiology Unit, Department of Clinical Sciences, Skåne University Hospital, Lund University, Malmö, - - 2014
OBJECTIVETo investigate associations of maternal gestational weight gain and body composition and their impact on offspring body composition and adipocytokine, glucose, and insulin concentrations at age 4 months.RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODSThis was a prospective study including 31 mother-infant pairs (N = 62). Maternal body composition was assessed using doubly labeled ...
Yang Qing Q Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Wake Forest University Health Science, Winston-Salem, NC. Electronic address: - - 2014
To test the hypothesis that early enteral supplementing fat and fish oil decreases the duration of parenteral nutrition (PN) and increases enteral nutrition (EN) before bowel reanastomosis in premature infants with an enterostomy. Premature infants (<2 months old) who had an enterostomy and tolerated enteral feeding at 20 mL/kg/day were randomized to usual ...
Cuna Alain - - 2014
B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) is a strong predictor of mortality in adult patients with various forms of pulmonary hypertension (PH) and may be a strong prognostic marker in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) associated PH as well. We sought to assess the relationship between BNP ...
Kim Eunjeong E Department of Preventive Medicine, Ewha Medical Research Center, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, South - - 2014
Previous studies have suggested adverse effects of maternal exposure to air pollution on neurodevelopment in early childhood. We aimed to investigate the association between prenatal exposure to particulates of less than 10μm in diameter (PM10) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and neurodevelopment in children during the first 24months of their lives. ...
Hasegawa Hisaya H Division of Neonatal Intensive Care, Tokyo Women's Medical University Medical Center East, Tokyo, - - 2014
We report a case of a very low birth weight infant treated successfully with tracheoplasty using the thymus against tracheo-esophageal fistula due to necrotizing tracheobronchitis. A baby boy was born at 31 weeks gestation with a birth body weight of 1,230 g. Suddenly on Day 19, his respiration deteriorated, and a ...
Trevisanuto Daniele D Children and Women's Health Department, Medical School University of Padua Azienda Ospedaliera Padova, 35128, Padua, - - 2014
To evaluate any geographical variations in practice and adherence to international guidelines for early delivery room management of extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants in the North, Centre and South of Italy. A questionnaire was sent to all 107 directors of Italian level III centres between April and August 2012. ...
Arvas Ahmet A Department of Pediatrics, Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty, Istanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey, - - 2014
Anemia is a widespread public health problem associated with an increased risk of morbidity and mortality. This study was undertaken to determine the cut-off value of hemoglobin for infant anemia. A cross-sectional retrospective study was carried out at well-baby clinics of a tertiary care hospital. A total of 1484 healthy ...
Islam M Munirul MM Centre for Nutrition and Food Security, International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh, Dhaka, - - 2014
Information is needed on breast milk (BM) zinc concentration and amount of zinc transferred to the infant in relation to the time since birth for both appropriate-for-gestational-age (AGA) and small-for-gestational-age (SGA) infants. BM zinc concentration and total milk volume were measured among mothers of AGA and SGA infants, using deuterium ...
Bera Alpanamayi A Howrah District Hospital and Researcher, Dept. Of Neonatology, IPGME&R and SSKM Hospital, Kolkata, 700020, - - 2014
Kangaroo mother care (KMC) is a non-conventional low cost method of newborn care. Our aim was to assess the effect of sustained KMC on the growth and development of low birth weight Indian babies up to the age of 12 months. We enrolled 500 mother and baby pairs, in groups ...
Derienzo Chris C Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine, Duke University Hospital, Durham, NC, United States; Jean and George Brumley, Jr., Neonatal-Perinatal Research Institute, Duke University Hospital, Durham, NC, United - - 2014
The objective of this study is to determine the incidence of and risk factors for necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) and transfusion-associated NEC (TANEC) in very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants pre/post implementation of a peri-transfusion feeding protocol. A retrospective cohort study was conducted including all inborn VLBW infants admitted to the Duke intensive care ...
Vafeiadi Marina M From the aCentre for Research in Environmental Epidemiology (CREAL), Barcelona, Spain; bMunicipal Institute of Medical Research (IMIM-Hospital del Mar), Barcelona, Spain; cCIBER Epidemiología y SaludPública (CIBERESP), Barcelona, Spain; dParc de Salut Mar, Obstetrics and Gynecology Department, Barcelona, Spain; eNational Institute of Health and Medical Research (INSERM), Team of Environmental Epidemiology Applied to Reproduction and Respiratory Health, Institute Albert Bonniot, Grenoble, France; fBiodetection Systems B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands; gDepartment of Social Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Crete, Heraklion, Greece; hCentre for Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Leeds Institute of Genetics, Health and Therapeutics, University of Leeds, Leeds, United Kingdom; iBradford Institute for Health Research, Bradford Royal Infirmary, Bradford, United Kingdom; jSection of Environmental Health, Department of Public Health, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark; kFaculty of Health and Life sciences, Pompeu Fabra University, Barcelona, Spain; lDepartment of Pediatrics, Obstetrics and Gynecology and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Autonomous University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain; mDepartment of Chemicals and Radiation, Division of Environmental Medicine, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway; nDepartment of Food, Water and Cosmetics, Division of Environmental Medicine, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway; oDepartment of Cancer Research and Molecular Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway; pInstitute of Biological Research and Biotechnology, National Hellenic Research Foundation, Athens, Greece; qDepartment of Biosciences and Nutrition, Unit of Molecular Epidemiology, Karolinska Institute, Huddinge, Sweden; rEpidemiology, Biostatistics, and Clinical Trials, IRCCS AOU San Martino-IST-Istituto Nazionale per la Ricerca sul Cancro, Genoa, Italy; - - 2014
Maternal exposure to dioxins and dioxin-like compounds may affect fetal growth and development. We evaluated the association between in utero dioxin-like activity and birth outcomes in a prospective European mother-child study. We measured dioxin-like activity in maternal and cord blood plasma samples collected at delivery using the Dioxin-Responsive Chemically Activated ...
Maypole-Keenan Coty M CM Division of Epidemiology, Human Genetics, and Environmental Sciences, University of Texas School of Public Health, 1200 Hermann Pressler, RAS-W1028, Houston, TX, 77030, - - 2014
Few studies have examined associations between polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and birth outcomes, and no studies have been conducted in El Paso County Texas, along the United States-Mexico border. Infants born from 2005-2007 to Hispanic mothers with a birth weight less than the 10th percentile for gestational age and sex ...
Koklu Esad - - 2014
Preterm infants, born with immature innate immunity, are less likely to develop anaphylaxis. Fluconazole prophylaxis during the first six weeks of life decreases invasive candidiasis in very low birth weight infants. Adverse effects of fluconazole are very rare. In this study, we report a newborn (a male, 26 weeks gestation ...
Moltu Sissel J SJ *Department of Nutrition, University of Oslo †Oslo University Hospital HF, Rikshospitalet ‡Akershus University Hospital and Faculty Division AHUS, Institute for Clinical Medicine §Oslo University Hospital HF, Ullevål ||Department of Biostatistics, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, University of Oslo ¶Atlantis Medical University College, Oslo, - - 2014
The aim of the present study was to determine whether an increased supply of energy, protein, essential fatty acids, and vitamin A reduces postnatal growth failure in very-low-birth-weight infants. Fifty infants with birth weight <1500 g were randomized to an intervention (n = 24) or a control (n = 26) feeding protocol within 24 ...
Mohamed Gamal B GB Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Al-Minya University, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to determine the incidence and risk factors of nephrocalcinosis (NC) in pre-term neonates in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) at the Al-Minya University, Egypt. The study included 97 pre-term neonates with a gestational age 34 weeks. Data on duration of hospitalization, sex, gestation, ...
Chan Kin Wai Edwin KW Department of Surgery, Division of Paediatric Surgery and Paediatric Urology, The Prince of Wales Hospital, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
Anorectal malformation (ARM) in newborns with no fistula at presentation resembles intestinal obstruction. The aim of this study is to study the factors associated with bowel perforation in this group of patients. From 2000 to 2012, 106 newborns with ARM were managed in our hospital. Thirty neonates without fistula at ...
F Neto Pedro Garcia PG Faculdade de Medicina, USP, Sao Paulo, SP, - - 2014
Objective: To describe the eruption chronology of the first deciduous teeth in premature infants with birth weight less than 1500g and to compare it according to gender and nutritional status at birth. Methods: Longitudinal study including 40 low birth weight premature infants of both genders. The tooth was considered erupted ...
Freitas Renata Germano B O N RG Faculdade de Ciencias Medicas, Unicamp, Campinas, SP, - - 2014
Objective: This study aimed to review the literature about blood concentrations of selenium associated with gestational age, feeding, supplementation and related clinical features in preterm infants. Data sources: Systematic review in the following databases: MEDLINE, PubMed, Google academics, SciELO. org, ScienceDirect (Elsevier) and CINAHL-Plus with Full Text (EBSCO). Articles published ...
Phillips Amy M - - 2014
The incidence of macrosomia in Arkansas was relatively unchanged from 2004 to 2010 with the incidence being 7.7%. Some risk factors identified through the analysis of hospital discharge data include male fetus, gestational age, maternal weight gain during pregnancy, and pregestational and gestational diabetes.
Zhao Ya-Ning - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation between body mass index (BMI), body fat percentage (BFP) and gestational outcomes. Maternal- and infant-related data of gestation and gestational outcomes of 411 pregnant women were retrospectively analyzed. BMI was used to classify the women as obese, overweight, or normal. ...
Nobile Stefano - - 2014
To report the impact of the adoption of a low oxygen saturation policy on retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) incidence at a single tertiary care center. ROP incidence, procedures for ROP, and neonatal outcome among very low birth weight infants were compared before and after the adoption of a low saturation ...
Tawia Susan - - 2014
All infants lose weight after they are born, no matter what or how they are fed. However, there are conflicting opinions about what constitutes a normal newborn weight loss, especially in exclusively-breastfed infants, and about when interventions, such as supplemental feedings, should be considered. This review will: Present evidence for ...
Hosseini Sayed-Mohsen SM Department of Bio-statistics and Epidemiology, School of Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, - - 2014
Growth is one of the most important indices in child health. The best and most effective way to investigate child health is measuring the physical growth indices such as weight, height and head circumference. Among these measures, weight growth is the simplest and the most effective way to determine child ...
Balázs Péter - - 2014
This study analyses the role of ethnicity-based birth weight differences at term (37-42 weeks) between neonates of Roma and non-Roma populations in Hungary, controlling for socio-demographic and biological characteristics of the mothers. A cross-sectional survey among 9,040 mothers coupled with biometric data of the neonates was conducted in 2010. Inclusion ...
Mesić Ivana - - 2014
Neonatal jaundice is the occurrence of elevated bilirubin levels in the blood. It may be physiological or pathological. If the concentration of non-conjugated bilirubin in the blood is too high, it breaches the blood brain barrier and bilirubin encephalopathy occurs with serious consequences for the child. The aim of the ...
Satar Mehmet M Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics and Çukurova University Faculty of Medicine, Adana, - - 2014
Retinopathy of prematurity is a retinal vascular disorder seen frequently in very premature infants, and is associated with poor clinical outcomes. The aim of the present study was to assess the association between the incidence of retinopathy of prematurity and mechanical ventilation, oxygen therapy, gestational age, and antenatal steroids in ...
Nickavar Azar A Department of Pediatrics, Section of Nephrology, Ali-Asghar Children's Hospital, Iran University Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2014
Hypertension in newborn infants, particularly those requiring intensive care, is becoming increasingly recognized, with prevalence of 0.2-3%. Recent studies have established normative tables for blood pressure (BP) in both term and pre-term infants based on the gestational age, postnatal age, gender, weight and height, identifying the neonates at increased risk ...
Caldara Fabiana Ribeiro - - 2014
The study was carried out in order to verify the effects of piglets' weight at birth on their surface temperature change (ST) after birth, and its relationship with ingestion time of colostrum. Piglets from four different sows were weighed at birth and divided into a totally randomized design with three ...
Bergström Anders A Technical University of Denmark, National Food Institute, - - 2014
Fecal samples were obtained from a cohort of 330 healthy Danish infants at 9, 18 and 36 months after birth, enabling characterization of interbacterial relationships by use of quantitative PCR targeting 31 selected bacterial 16S rRNA gene targets representing different phylogenetic levels. Nutritional parameters and measures of growth and body ...
Luo Zhong-Cheng ZC Ministry of Education-Shanghai Key Laboratory of Children's Environmental Health, Xinhua Hospital, Shanghai Jiao-Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Sainte-Justine Hospital, University of Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
Second-born twins on average weigh less than first-born twins, and have been reported at an elevated risk of perinatal mortality. Whether the risk differences depend on their relative birth size is unknown. The present study aimed to evaluate the association of birth order with perinatal mortality by birth order-specific weight ...
Porcelli Peter J PJ *Department of Pediatrics, Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, NC †Department of Biomedical Informatics, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, - - 2014
Postnatal infant weight curves are used to assess fluid management and evaluate postnatal nutrition and growth. Traditionally, postnatal weight curves are based on birth weight and do not incorporate postnatal clinical information. compare the accuracy of birth weight based weight curves to weight curves created from individual patient records, including ...
Ehmann David D Department of Ophthalmology, University of Alberta, Edmonton Alberta. Electronic address: - - 2014
Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), a leading cause of pediatric blindness, predominantly affects premature and low-birth-weight infants. Although many cases are self-limiting, a minority progress to retinal detachment despite treatment. Exudative retinal detachments, although uncommon, have been reported after conventional laser therapy.(1-3) We report 2 cases of exudative retinal detachment after ...
Shankaran Seetha S Department of Pediatrics, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, MI. Electronic address: - - 2014
To determine whether risk factors associated with grade 2-4 intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) differs between infants of African ancestry and white infants. Inborn, appropriate for gestational age infants with birth weight 500-1250 g and exposure to at least 1 dose of antenatal steroids were enrolled in 24 neonatal intensive care units. ...
Stefanelli Sergio S Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, National Women's Health, Auckland City Hospital, Auckland, New - - 2014
To compare the accuracy of estimated fetal weight (EFW) in extremely preterm small for gestational age (SGA) and appropriate for gestational age (AGA) infants and report other significant factors influencing the accuracy of EFW. A retrospective cohort study of singleton pregnancies 22(+0) -27(+6)  weeks. Women were included in the study ...
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