Search Results
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Maas Christoph - - 2013
Fortified human milk may not meet all nutritional needs of very preterm infants. Early transition from complementary parenteral nutrition to full enteral feeds might further impair in-hospital growth. We aimed to investigate the impact of the cumulative intake of fortified human milk on early postnatal growth in a cohort of ...
Dong Ling - - 2013
To evaluate the association of maternal fasting glucose levels at 4-12 gestational weeks with anthropometry in the offspring from birth to 12 months in Tianjin, China. A total of 57,454 pregnant women underwent a fasting glucose test during the first trimester, and their children had body weight/length measured from birth ...
Persson Martina - - 2013
OBJECTIVE High birth weight is a risk factor for neonatal complications. It is not known if the risk differs with body proportionality. The primary aim of this study was to determine the risk of adverse pregnancy outcome in relation to body proportionality in large-for-gestational-age (LGA) infants stratified by maternal gestational ...
Discenza Deborah - - 2013
Premature babies are at risk for feeding issues that can result in longer NICU stays, challenging feeding sessions at home, and potential concerns for long-term issues with weight gain, developmental milestones, and more. Interviewed is Jayne M. Standley, PhD, MT -BC, NICU-MT , who talks about how lullaby music combined ...
Krishnamoorthy Ss - - 2013
Gentamicin, one of the most commonly used antibiotics in neonates, has potential toxicity. This study was performed to determine the incidence of potential toxicity of gentamicin in term and preterm neonates. A one-year retrospective study in neonates admitted to Special Baby Care Units at University Hospital of North Durham and ...
Yenice Ozlem - - 2013
The role of growth factors in the pathogenesis of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is known. To better understand this issue, the authors investigated vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1), and erythropoietin (EPO) levels in the cord blood of premature newborns. IGF-1, VEGF, and EPO levels were ...
Bolat Fatih - - 2013
Although advances in perinatal medicine have increased the survival rates of critically ill neonates, acute kidney injury (AKI) is still one of the major causes of mortality and morbidity in neonatal intensive care units. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of AKI and analyze demographic data and risk factors ...
Marshall Peter J - - 2013
Recent work has suggested the value of electroencephalographic (EEG) measures in the study of infants' processing of human action. Studies in this area have investigated desynchronization of the sensorimotor mu rhythm during action execution and action observation in infancy. Untested but critical to theory is whether the mu rhythm shows ...
Balihallimath Rupa L RL Lecturer, Department of Anatomy, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, KLE University , Belgaum, India - - 2013
Background: Placental morphometry determines the foetal development and adulthood disease pattern. Hence, in the present study the influence of placental weight, volume, surface area, and thickness were studied in different groups of birth weight by sex of the newborn. Material and Methods: Present study was conducted on 164 consecutive singleton ...
Shah Birju A - - 2013
Neonatal sepsis continues to be a common and significant health care burden, especially in very-low-birth-weight infants (VLBW<1500 g). Though intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis has decreased the incidence of early-onset group B streptococcal infection dramatically, it still remains a major cause of neonatal sepsis. Moreover, some studies among VLBW preterm infants have ...
Rhone Erika T - - 2013
Abstract Objective - To quantify exposure to potentially nephrotoxic medications among very low birth weight (VLBW) infants and determine the relationship of nephrotoxic medication exposure to acute kidney injury (AKI) in this vulnerable population. Methods - We reviewed 107 VLBW infants who survived to discharge from April 2011 to March ...
Islam M Mazharul - - 2013
To evaluate the utility of maternal recalled birth size (BS) as a proxy measure for actual birth weight (BW) when BW data are missing. Data for the study come from the 2000 National Health Survey of Oman. Frequency distribution, sensitivity and specificity analysis, bivariate, and multivariate statistical techniques were used ...
Gorovoy Ian R - - 2013
ABSTRACT The differential diagnosis of dilated iris vasculature in a neonate includes retinopathy of prematurity with anterior segment plus disease, persistent fetal vasculature, intrauterine cocaine exposure, maternal diabetes, and other pathologies associated with iris neovascularization and ischemia seen in adult populations, such as central retinal vein occlusions, ocular ischemic syndrome, ...
Demirel Gamze - - 2013
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) may transmit perinatally or from breast milk. The risk for development of symptomatic CMV disease in very-low-birth-weight premature infants after transmission from maternal breast milk is not clear. There are scarce data in the literature about congenital CMV infection in multiple pregnancies, being mostly with twin gestations. Here ...
Mularoni Alessandra - - 2013
Early Onset Sepsis (EOS) is associated with increased major morbidity and mortality rates among very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. The epidemiology is changing in response to evolving medical practice. To evaluate EOS epidemiology, risk factors, mortality and major morbidity rates among VLBW infants within a European cohort. Data from ...
Khan Zeeshan - - 2013
Data on the prevalence and impact of anemia and packed red blood cell (PRBC) transfusions in children with congenital heart disease are limited. Our objectives were to determine the prevalence of anemia and its impact and the impact of PRBC transfusion in the initial 5 days after surgical repair on postoperative ...
Timmerman E - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate the association of first trimester screening variables nuchal translucency (NT), pregnancy associated plasma protein (PAPP-A) and free β human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) and birth weight, with a focus on the prediction of macrosomia. The database of our Fetal Medicine Unit was searched ...
Xia Hongping - - 2013
Candida species is an important cause of nosocomial infection in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). However, most reports in China have been limited to single institutions. The aim of this study is to investigate the epidemiology of invasive candidiasis in multiple NICUs across China. We retrospectively collected demographic data, clinical ...
Rao Krishna A - - 2013
Context: Recent advances in neonatology have influenced the incidence and severity of ROP in a dichotomous fashion. Aims: To determine the incidence of ROP and to analyse its risk factors. Settings and Design: Prospective clinical case series. Materials and Methods: 282 preterm infants with birthweight < 1500g and/or gestational age ...
Tengsupakul Supatida - - 2013
Human cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection may be acquired in very low birth weight and extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants from breast milk. The clinical relevance of such infections is uncertain. There is no consensus on whether screening breast milk for CMV, freezing/pasteurizing milk before feeding, or performing virological monitoring on ...
Lima Paola Azara Tabicas - - 2013
to determine the rate of extrauterine growth restriction in very low birth weight infants and to evaluate the influence of perinatal variables, clinical practices, and neonatal morbidities on this outcome. a longitudinal study was performed in four neonatal units in the city of Rio de Janeiro. 570 very low birth ...
Bhagat Megha M Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital, New Delhi, India ; H. NO.-209, Pragati Apartment, Paschim Vihar, New Delhi, 110063 - - 2014
We aimed to evaluate the predictive value of amniotic fluid index (AFI) (<5) for adverse perinatal outcome in terms of cesarean section for fetal distress, birth weight, meconium staining, Apgar scores, and cord pH at birth. This was a prospective study of 200 antenatal women booked at Ram Manohar Lohia ...
Hentges Cláudia Regina - - 2013
Objective to establish the influence of late-onset sepsis on the neurodevelopment of preterm very low birth weight (VLBW) newborns (NBs) according to the etiological agent. Methods Cohort of NBs with birth weight < 1,500g and gestational age < 32 weeks, admitted to the ICU of the institution within 48hours of ...
Lambo Jonathan A - - 2013
To determine prognostic factors for mortality in neonates with tetanus and to assess the associations between prognostic factors and neonatal tetanus (NT) mortality. Five databases were searched for studies on prognostic factors and NT mortality published up to April 2013 to identify studies relevant to this review. Prognostic factors of ...
Martinez-Lopez Denise G - - 2013
Background:Lipopolysaccharide (LPS), an endotoxin of gram-negative bacteria, causes preterm birth in animals and has been implicated as a factor triggering preterm labor and systemic complications in humans. Little is known regarding LPS in the cord blood (CB) of term and preterm infants and its association with maternal and fetal characteristics.Methods:CB ...
Bell Edward F - - 2013
Background:Little is known about the change in circulating red cell volume (RCV) of very low birth weight (VLBW) infants during the first weeks of life.Methods:RCV was measured during the first 5 days in 35 VLBW infants using chromium-51 labeling of the infants' red blood cells (RBCs). RCV was measured again ...
Wadhawan R - - 2013
Objective:To determine if extremely low birth weight infants with surgical necrotizing enterocolitis have a higher risk of death or neurodevelopmental impairment and neurodevelopmental impairment among survivors (secondary outcome) at 18-22 months corrected age compared with infants with spontaneous intestinal perforation and infants without necrotizing enterocolitis or spontaneous intestinal perforation.Study Design:Retrospective ...
Davis N L - - 2013
Objective:To evaluate how a single infant car-seat challenge (ICSC) predicts subsequent respiratory physiology in premature infants.Study Design:Prospective observational study of infants born at <37 weeks gestational age. Subjects underwent three ICSCs and we evaluated clinical characteristics, pass rate, and predictive value of a single ICSC pass.Result:Completed three ICSCs on 60 ...
McMullan David Michael - - 2013
Extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation appears to improve survival in patients with acute refractory cardiopulmonary failure. This analysis was performed to determine survival outcomes and predictors of in-hospital mortality for term and preterm neonates who received extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Retrospective review of data from the Extracorporeal Life Support Organization international registry. Pediatric ...
Casner Michael - - 2013
Catheter-associated bloodstream infections are a significant source of morbidity and healthcare cost in the neonatal ICU. Previous studies examining the prevalence of bloodstream infections after removal of peripherally inserted central venous catheters in neonates are equivocal. A retrospective cohort study. Patients: All infants with peripherally inserted central venous catheters treated ...
Urwin Heidi J - - 2013
The gut microbiota plays an important role in the development of the immune and gastrointestinal systems of infants. In the present study, we investigated whether increased salmon consumption during pregnancy, maternal weight gain during pregnancy or mode of infant feeding alter the markers of gut immune defence and inflammation. Women ...
Domellöf Magnus - - 2013
Iron deficiency (ID) is the most common micronutrient deficiency worldwide and young children are a special risk group since their rapid growth leads to high iron requirements. Risk factors associated with a higher prevalence of iron deficiency anemia (IDA) include low birth weight, high cow's milk intake, low intake of ...
Bizzarro Matthew J - - 2013
To determine the incidence, microbiology, risk factors, and outcomes related to bloodstream infections (BSIs) concurrent with the onset of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). We performed a retrospective review of all cases of NEC in a single center over 20 years. BSI was categorized as "NEC-associated" if it occurred within 72 hours ...
Peiler Annika - - 2013
To examine the impact of postnatal nutrition on long-term growth in extremely low birth weight infants. Retrospective analysis of postnatal nutrition and observational study of growth in 52 ELBW infants until the age of six. Changes (Δ) of weight and length standard deviation scores (SDS) between birth to term correlated ...
Sehgal Arvind - - 2013
To compare strain indices between small for gestational age (SGA) infants and asymptomatic appropriate for gestational age (AGA) infants and to ascertain correlations with arterial biophysical properties. In this prospective observational echocardiographic study 20 inborn term SGA infants weighing < 3rd centile for gestational age were compared with 20 AGA ...
Ayoola Omolola O - - 2013
We established a maternal birth cohort in Ibadan, Nigeria, where malaria is hyperendemic, to assess how intrauterine exposure to malaria affected infant blood pressure (BP) development. In a local maternity hospital, healthy pregnant women had regular blood films for malaria parasites from booking to delivery. Growth and BP were measured ...
Gonçalves-Ferri W A - - 2013
The objective of this study was to determine the feasibility of the use of continuous positive airway pressure installed prophylactically in the delivery room (DR-CPAP), for infants with a birth weight between 500 and 1000 g in settings with limited resources. During 23 months, infants with a birth weight between ...
Sun Xiaoli - - 2013
To establish reference intervals for thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) and free thyroxine (FT4) at 3-6weeks of age in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants with the Beckman Coulter Unicel DxI 800 by gender, birth weight (BW) and gestational age (GA) subgroups. A 4year retrospective cohort of 308 VLBW infants (GA ...
Wang Pei-Wei - - 2013
The goal of this study was to compare the growth and effect of growth on cognitive performance at 5 years of age of a group of very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants and a group of healthy full-term infants. Beginning in 1995, under the sponsorship of the Premature Baby Foundation, the Society of ...
Taga Atsuko - - 2013
Abstract Caesarean section of extremely low birth-weight (ELBW) infants is sometimes challenging for obstetricians. To date, there have been no standard types of uterine incision to achieve an atraumatic birth for ELBW foetuses with the placenta covering the whole anterior uterine wall. We present seven cases of transverse fundal uterine ...
Luque M J - - 2013
Objective:Develop a risk prediction model for severe intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) in very low birth weight infants (VLBWI).Study Design:Prospectively collected data of infants with birth weight 500 to 1249 g born between 2001 and 2010 in centers from the Neocosur Network were used. Forward stepwise logistic regression model was employed. The model ...
Wallace Maeve - - 2013
Large disparities in adverse birth outcomes persist between African American and white women in the US despite decades of research, policy, and public health intervention. Allostatic load is an index of dysregulation across multiple physiologic systems that results from chronic exposure to stress in the physical and socio-cultural environment which ...
Mullett Martha D - - 2013
To evaluate the associations between selected birth characteristics-prematurity and poor intrauterine growth-and risk factors for coronary artery disease detected among children enrolled in the fifth grade. Children (n = 3054) with matched birth and fifth grade health screening data on body mass index (BMI), systolic blood pressure, and fasting lipid ...
Berry Diane C - - 2013
Women who are diagnosed with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) are at increased risk for developing prediabetes and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). To date, there have been few interdisciplinary interventions that target predominantly ethnic minority low-income women diagnosed with GDM. This paper describes the rationale, design and methodology of a ...
Sauberan J B - - 2013
Background Intravenous hydrocortisone (HC) is often used in very low birth weight infants (VLBW) but can be complicated by oliguria when discontinued or tapered.Objectives To determine which factors were associated with oliguria during HC taper.Methods We reviewed all VLBW infants who received initial doses of HC ≥ 1 mg/kg/d. The ...
Shaikhkhalil Ala K - - 2013
Zinc deficiency causes growth deficits. Extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants with chronic lung disease (CLD), also known as bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), suffer from growth failure and are at risk of zinc deficiency. We hypothesized that enteral zinc supplementation would increase weight gain and linear growth. A cohort of infants ...
Ibrahim Masitah - - 2013
A systematic review was conducted to examine the effects of restrictive versus liberal red blood cell (RBC) transfusion thresholds on clinically important outcomes in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of varying RBC transfusion thresholds in VLBW infants were identified by searching MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, all ...
Hussain Sunny - - 2013
AIM:: The efficacy and safety of rabeprazole, a proton pump inhibitor (PPI), was studied in infants with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Infants aged 1-11 months, with symptomatic GERD resistant to conservative therapy and/or previous exposure to acid suppressive medications, were screened. After scoring >16 on a GERD symptom score (I-GERQ-R), ...
Simó Carles - - 2013
Summary The epidemiological paradox and 'healthy migrant effect' refer to the favourable health outcomes in unprivileged groups under unfavourable socioeconomic conditions. Weight at birth is associated with the epidemiological paradox. However, differences in fertility structure (mainly mother's age and first maternity) might be the cause of the difference in weight ...
Saha S - - 2013
A common concern for parents when end of life decisions are made is the length of time their baby may take to die. Postcardiac death organ donation is now becoming more common, along with neonatal organ donation. The aim was to determine the length of time from extubation until cardiorespiratory ...
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