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Results 201 - 250 of 2654
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Sehested Line Thousig LT Børneafdelingen, Holbæk Sygehus, Smedelundsgade 60, 4300 Holbæk, Denmark. - - 2014
Intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) is the term describing a foetus that has not reached its genetic growth potential. There is no international consensus on the definition of IUGR. The aim of this study was to describe a cohort of weight-restricted neonates and their mothers focusing on risk factors, catch up ...
Roy Pritam P Post-Graduate Student, Department of Community Medicine, Lady Hardinge Medical College and Associated Hospitals, New Delhi, - - 2014
Literature reveals theories explaining low birth weight (LBW) babies' unplanned catch-up growth is related to several non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in adult-life. Is the current growth chart as per World Health Organization child growth standards of healthy breast feed infants and young child is applicable for even LBW or small for ...
Sayyahfar Shirin S Department of Pediatrics, Ali Asghar Children Hospital, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2014
Visceral leishmaniasis or kala-azar is an endemic parasitic disease in some parts of the world which is characterized by fever, splenomegaly, and pancytopenia in most of the cases. Herein we report an 11 month-old male infant with diagnosis of kala-azar who presented with pallor, hepatosplenomegaly, failure to gain weight, and ...
PrzybyƂowicz Katarzyna K Department of Human Nutrition, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, - - 2014
Background. Epidemiological research has identifi ed a relationship between maternal physical activity, early nutrition and infant birth weight with likelihood of developing future diseases. The aim of the study was to determine a relationship between gestational weight gain and physical activity during pregnancy to the nutritional status of newborns. Material ...
Yang Joo Yun JY Department of Pediatrics, Ewha Womans University School of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
Eosinophilia is common in premature infants, and its incidence increases with a shorter gestation period. We investigated the clinical significance of eosinophilia in premature infants born at <34 weeks gestation. We analyzed the medical records of premature infants born at <34 weeks gestation who were admitted to the neonatal intensive ...
Bhat Rajeshwari G RG Associate Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Kasturba Medical College , Manipal University, Manipal, Karnataka, India - - 2014
Introduction: Fetal growth abnormality is associated with changes in the soft tissue mass, which is decreased in growth restricted fetuses and increased in macrosomia. Objective: To correlate fetal abdominal subcutaneous tissue thickness (FASTT) measured by ultrasound at term and birth weight and to obtain a cut-off value of FASTT to ...
Abdollahi Alireza A Department of Pathology, Imam Hospital Complex, Thrombosis and Hemostasis Research Center, Vali-Asr Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2014
There are limited studies assessing the neonatal hemostatic factors in relation to birth weight. This study aims to compare the coagulation factors between three groups of neonates with different birth weight for gestational age (GA). In a cross-sectional study, 74 healthy premature neonates were involved. Serum prothrombin time (PT), activated ...
Lurbe Empar E Department of Pediatrics, Consorcio Hospital General and Hypertension Clinic, Hospital Clinico, INCLIVA, University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain; and Centros de Investigación Biomédica en Red Fisiopatología Obesidad y Nutrición (CB06/03), Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Madrid, - - 2014
The present prospective study assessed the impact of birth weight (BW) and postnatal weight gain on blood pressure and metabolic profile during the first 5 years of life. One hundred thirty-nine newborns (63 women) born at term after uncomplicated pregnancies and in the absence of perinatal illness were included. Subjects ...
Thomson Jessica L JL United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, 141 Experiment Station Road, Stoneville, MS 38776, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Excessive and inadequate gestational weight gain can complicate a woman's pregnancy and put her and her child at risk for poor delivery and birth outcomes. Further, feeding and activity habits established early in life can significantly impact the development of childhood obesity. The on-going Delta Healthy Sprouts Project is a ...
Mohamed Sarar - - 2014
Congenital toxoplasmosis has a wide range of presentation at birth varying from severe neurological features such as hydrocephalus and chorioretinitis to a well appearing baby, who may develop complications late in infancy. While neuroendocrine abnormalities associated with congenital toxoplasmosis are uncommon, isolated central diabetes insipidus is extremely rare. Here, we ...
Bodnar Lisa M LM Department of Epidemiology, Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA; Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Sciences, School of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA; Magee-Womens Research Institute, Pittsburgh, - - 2014
Studies using vital records-based maternal weight data have become more common, but the validity of these data is uncertain. We evaluated the accuracy of prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) and gestational weight gain (GWG) reported on birth certificates using medical record data in 1204 births at a teaching hospital in ...
Giannì M L ML Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Department of Clinical Science and Community Health, Fondazione IRCCS Ca' Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, University of Milan, - - 2014
Early nutrition may affect body composition development. This study assessed body composition changes in healthy term infants in the first four months of life, comparing the results for breastfed and formula-fed babies. A longitudinal, observational study was conducted with healthy term infants, who had a birth weight of more than ...
Dritsakou K K NICU, Elena Venizelou Maternity - - 2014
Abstract Objective: Testing the validity of CRP in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants. Methods: During a five year period 483 infants with probable (36%) and definite sepsis (64%) were enrolled in the study. Results: ELBW infants with definitive sepsis had CRP levels comparable with full-terms. (p=0.992) However the highest ...
Ou Xiawei X Department of Radiology, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, AR, USA, - - 2014
Permissive hypercapnia is a ventilatory strategy used to prevent lung injury in ventilated extremely low birth weight (ELBW, birth weight ≤1,000 g) infants. However, there is retrospective evidence showing that high CO2 is associated with brain injury. The objective of this study was to compare brain white matter development at term-equivalent ...
Vidovics Mia M Paracelsus Medical University (PMU), Müllner Hauptstr. 48, 5020, Salzburg, - - 2014
To compare the fetal outcome of preterm breech infants delivered vaginally (VD) or by cesarean section (CS). A monocentric, retrospective consecutive case series of preterm breech deliveries between 24-37 gestational weeks over 10 years from 1/2000 to 12/2009 was performed in a perinatal care center (Level 1) at the University Clinic ...
Douglas S L SL School of Agriculture Food and Rural Development, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE1 7RU, - - 2014
Performance of pigs from birth to slaughter is a result of a complex interaction of factors, with the early stages of a pig's life likely to affect lifetime performance. During the pre-weaning stage, piglets are reliant on the sow for nutrition, and sibling competition is likely to affect growth, in ...
Peter Corinna C 1Hanover Medical School, Hanover, - - 2014
Objective. There is no consensus on prescription of home oxygen therapy to infants in Germany. We hypothesized that this causes considerable variability in prescribing home oxygen to infants. Study Design. A structured questionnaire involving management of home oxygen therapy was sent to all German pediatric departments (n = 293). Results. ...
Gross Rachel S RS 1 Department of Pediatrics, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Children's Hospital at Montefiore , Bronx, - - 2014
Abstract Background: Although disparities in child obesity exist during infancy, the underlying mechanisms are unclear. Assessing dissimilarities in feeding practices, styles, and beliefs may provide a better understanding of these mechanisms. This study sought to identify modifiable maternal-infant feeding behaviors that may contribute to disparities in early child obesity. Methods: ...
Gale Christopher C Section of Neonatal Medicine, Chelsea and Westminster Hospital campus, Imperial College London, London, - - 2014
Background:Direct measurement of adipose tissue using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is increasingly used to characterize infant body composition. Optimal techniques for adjusting direct measures of infant adipose tissue remain to be determined.Objectives:To explore the relationships between body size and direct measures of total and regional adipose tissue (AT), and the ...
Simonazzi Giuliana G Department of Medical Surgical Sciences, Division of Obstetrics and Prenatal Medicine, St. Orsola Malpighi Hospital, University of Bologna, Bologna, - - 2014
To evaluate the incidence of infants with birth weight less than the 10(th) centile for gestational age (SGA) in primary maternal cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection and to determine whether SGA predicts poor neurodevelopmental outcome. A retrospective cohort study, which included singleton liveborn infants from pregnancies complicated by primary maternal CMV infection. ...
van de Lagemaat Monique M Department of Pediatrics, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The - - 2014
To identify growth-related collagen and bone parameters in small-for-gestational-age (SGA) and appropriate-for-gestational-age (AGA) preterm infants during the first six months post-term. In SGA preterm infants, increased growth and decreased bone acquisition, which we demonstrated previously, may be reflected by these markers. Observational study within a randomized controlled trial. Thirty-three SGA ...
Bapat Roopali R Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Nationwide Children's Hospital and The Department of Pediatrics, The Ohio State University College of Medicine, Columbus, Ohio. Electronic address: - - 2014
Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy can be used to assess brain integrity and maturation with age. To compare regional cerebral magnetic resonance spectroscopy metabolite ratios in extremely low birth weight and healthy term control infants measured at term-equivalent age and to evaluate association between magnetic resonance spectroscopy metabolites and cognitive and ...
van Ganzewinkel C C Máxima Medical Centre, Department of Pediatrics, division of Neonatology, Veldhoven, The - - 2014
The therapeutic options available to treat neonatal pain are limited and one alternative for non-opioid systemic treatment is paracetamol. However, pharmacokinetic data from prolonged administration of intravenous paracetamol in neonates are limited. The aim of this study was to present pharmacokinetics after multiple dose of intravenous paracetamol in very preterm ...
Bloom Michael S MS Department of Environmental Health Sciences, University at Albany, State University of New York, Rensselaer, NY USA; Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University at Albany, State University of New York, Rensselaer, NY USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Inorganic arsenic (iAs) is a human toxicant to which populations may be exposed through consumption of geogenically contaminated groundwater. A growing body of experimental literature corroborates the reproductive toxicity of iAs; however, the results of human studies are inconsistent. Therefore, we conducted a comprehensive review of epidemiologic studies focused on ...
Kumar Ashok A Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, 221005, India, - - 2014
Thymus is essential for immunity as it provides environment for T cell differentiation and maturation. There is limited information on various factors which determine thymic size at birth. We studied the influence of cord blood zinc and copper levels and maternal and neonatal nutritional status on thymic size in term ...
Shih Erin M EM Center for Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Metabolism, Children's Hospital Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Hypospadias is one of the most common congenital malformations, affecting about 4-6 males per 1,000 male births, and ranging in severity from a urethral meatus that is slightly off-center to a meatus in the perineal area. Over the past three decades its prevalence may have increased due to changes in ...
Cekmez Y Y Department of Obstrectic and Gynecology, Sami Ulus Medical and Research Hospital, 34090, Ankara, Turkey, - - 2014
This study was performed to investigate the role of first-hour 50-g oral glucose challenge test (GCT) parameters in predicting the risk of delivering a small-for-gestational-age infant and to determine the accuracy of estimated fetal weight. We screened 2,643 pregnant women >20 years of age and excluded 552 patients according to exclusion ...
Giannì Maria Lorella - - 2014
Preterm infants are at risk for adverse neurodevelopment. Furthermore, nutrition may play a key role in supporting neurodevelopment. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether a nutrient-enriched formula fed to preterm infants after hospital discharge could improve their neurodevelopment at 24 months (term-corrected age). We conducted an observer-blinded, ...
Shan Xiaoyi - - 2014
Information tracking changes of birthweight is scarce in China. To examine trends of low birthweight (birthweight <2500 g) and macrosomia (birthweight >=4000 g) and potential risk factors in Beijing, hospital records from two major obstetrics and gynecology hospitals in urban districts in Beijing were analyzed. Hospital records from 1996 to ...
Jensen Erik A EA Division of Neonatology, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia and University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, - - 2014
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is among the most common and serious sequelae of preterm birth. BPD affects at least one-quarter of infants born with birth weights less than 1500 g. The incidence of BPD increases with decreasing gestational age and birth weight. Additional important risk factors include intrauterine growth restriction, sepsis, ...
Fonseca Maria João MJ Institute of Public Health, University of Porto, Porto, - - 2014
Newborn weight loss (NWL) in the first 3 days of life is around 6 percent of birthweight (BW). We aim to describe the determinants of an excessive and insufficient NWL in the first 96 hours of life. A sample of 1,288 full-term singletons without congenital abnormality belonging to Generation XXI birth cohort ...
Nakano Yuya Y Department of Pediatrics, Showa University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Preterm infants have altered fat tissue development, including a higher percentage of fat mass and increased volume of visceral fat. They also have altered adiponectin levels, including a lower ratio of high-molecular-weight adiponectin (HMW-Ad) to total adiponectin (T-Ad) at term-equivalent age, compared with term infants. The objective of this study ...
Heimann K K Department of Neonatology, University Hospital Aachen, - - 2014
Feeding tolerance and the degree of abdominal distension are important factors on the ward round on a NICU. They are basis for systematic changes in enteral feeds and an early indicator of clinical deterioration. Our aim was to examine the ratio of abdominal circumference (AC) to body weight (BW) as ...
Badon Sylvia E SE Department of Preventive Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, - - 2014
Objective: Examine associations between gestational weight gain (GWG) exceeding Institute of Medicine (IOM) guidelines and neonatal adiposity in the five North American field centers of the Hyperglycemia and Adverse Pregnancy Outcome study. Design and Methods: GWG was categorized as less than, within, or greater than 2009 IOM guidelines. Birthweight, body ...
Olhager Elisabeth E Division of Paediatrics, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Faculty of Health Science, Linkoping University, SE-581 85, Linköping, - - 2014
To investigate changes in body weight, fat-free mass, fat mass and percentage of body fat during early life and at full-term post-conceptional age (PCA) in preterm infants born after 32 gestational weeks and before 37. Twenty-nine late preterm infants underwent growth and body composition assessment by air displacement plethysmography (ADP) ...
Stark Matthew M a Louisiana State University Health Science Center, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: With preeclampsia/eclampsia (PE/E), infants more often are either LGA or SGA. We explored whether the differences in the infant birthweight (BW), placental weights (PW) or time of onset is associated with histologic features of maternal vascular underperfusion. Method: A retrospective chart identified 243 PE/E gestations between 2007 and ...
Ferrari C V CV Setor de Suínos, Faculdade de Veterinária, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul - UFRGS, Av. Bento Gonçalves, 9090 Porto Alegre, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of colostrum intake on mortality and growth performance of piglets until 42 days of age, taking into account the birth weight, and parity order of sows. Colostrum intake from birth to 24h after birth was estimated in 300 piglets each ...
Inostroza Jaime J *Department of Basic Sciences, Universidad de La Frontera, Temuco, Chile †Nestlé Nutrition Institute, Vevey, Switzerland, and the Medical University of Vienna, Austria ‡Nestlé R&D, Nestec Ltd., Vevey, Switzerland §Department of Pediatrics, University of Iowa, Iowa City, - - 2014
Infant formulas provide more protein than breast milk. High protein intakes, as well as maternal obesity, are risk factors for later obesity. The present study tested whether a formula with lower protein content slows weight gain of infants of overweight mothers (BMI>25). In a randomized double-blind study infants of overweight ...
Shoji Hiromichi H Department of Pediatrics, Juntendo University Faculty of Medicine, Tokyo, - - 2014
Reactive oxygen species may be involved in serious diseases in premature infants. The objective of this study was to assess the relationship between neurodevelopmental outcomes and oxidative stress marker levels in the urine of very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants. Spot urine samples were collected from 35 VLBW infants. Urinary excretion of 8-hydroxy-2″-deoxyguanosine ...
Itabashi Kazuo K Department of Pediatrics, Showa University School of Medicine, Tokyo, - - 2014
More than 10 years have passed since the previous Japanese neonatal growth charts were published. Therefore, we aimed to develop an updated set of Japanese neonatal growth charts. We used data from the registry database of the Japan Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology from 2003 until 2005. We enrolled 150,471 ...
Weber Martina M Division of Metabolic and Nutritional Medicine, Dr. von Hauner Children's Hospital, University of Munich Medical Centre, Munich, Germany (MW, VG, and BK); the Paediatrics Research Unit, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Reus, Spain (RC-M and JE); Centre Hospitalier Chrétien St Vincent, Liège-Rocourt, Belgium (J-PL); the Department of Paediatrics, University Children's Hospital Queen Fabiola, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, Belgium (ED); the Department of Paediatrics, San Paolo Hospital, University of Milan, Milan, Italy (MG and EV); the Children's Memorial Health Institute, Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Warsaw, Poland (DG); and the Children's Memorial Health Institute, Department of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Eating Disorders, Warsaw, Poland - - 2014
Early nutrition is recognized as a target for the effective prevention of childhood obesity. Protein intake was associated with more rapid weight gain during infancy-a known risk factor for later obesity. We tested whether the reduction of protein in infant formula reduces body mass index (BMI; in kg/m(2)) and the ...
Estampador Angela C AC Genetic and Molecular Epidemiology Unit, Department of Clinical Sciences, Skåne University Hospital, Lund University, Malmö, - - 2014
OBJECTIVETo investigate associations of maternal gestational weight gain and body composition and their impact on offspring body composition and adipocytokine, glucose, and insulin concentrations at age 4 months.RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODSThis was a prospective study including 31 mother-infant pairs (N = 62). Maternal body composition was assessed using doubly labeled ...
Yang Qing Q Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Wake Forest University Health Science, Winston-Salem, NC. Electronic address: - - 2014
To test the hypothesis that early enteral supplementing fat and fish oil decreases the duration of parenteral nutrition (PN) and increases enteral nutrition (EN) before bowel reanastomosis in premature infants with an enterostomy. Premature infants (<2 months old) who had an enterostomy and tolerated enteral feeding at 20 mL/kg/day were randomized to usual ...
Cuna Alain - - 2014
B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) is a strong predictor of mortality in adult patients with various forms of pulmonary hypertension (PH) and may be a strong prognostic marker in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) associated PH as well. We sought to assess the relationship between BNP ...
Kim Eunjeong E Department of Preventive Medicine, Ewha Medical Research Center, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, South - - 2014
Previous studies have suggested adverse effects of maternal exposure to air pollution on neurodevelopment in early childhood. We aimed to investigate the association between prenatal exposure to particulates of less than 10μm in diameter (PM10) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and neurodevelopment in children during the first 24months of their lives. ...
Hasegawa Hisaya H Division of Neonatal Intensive Care, Tokyo Women's Medical University Medical Center East, Tokyo, - - 2014
We report a case of a very low birth weight infant treated successfully with tracheoplasty using the thymus against tracheo-esophageal fistula due to necrotizing tracheobronchitis. A baby boy was born at 31 weeks gestation with a birth body weight of 1,230 g. Suddenly on Day 19, his respiration deteriorated, and a ...
Trevisanuto Daniele D Children and Women's Health Department, Medical School University of Padua Azienda Ospedaliera Padova, 35128, Padua, - - 2014
To evaluate any geographical variations in practice and adherence to international guidelines for early delivery room management of extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants in the North, Centre and South of Italy. A questionnaire was sent to all 107 directors of Italian level III centres between April and August 2012. ...
Arvas Ahmet A Department of Pediatrics, Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty, Istanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey, - - 2014
Anemia is a widespread public health problem associated with an increased risk of morbidity and mortality. This study was undertaken to determine the cut-off value of hemoglobin for infant anemia. A cross-sectional retrospective study was carried out at well-baby clinics of a tertiary care hospital. A total of 1484 healthy ...
Islam M Munirul MM Centre for Nutrition and Food Security, International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh, Dhaka, - - 2014
Information is needed on breast milk (BM) zinc concentration and amount of zinc transferred to the infant in relation to the time since birth for both appropriate-for-gestational-age (AGA) and small-for-gestational-age (SGA) infants. BM zinc concentration and total milk volume were measured among mothers of AGA and SGA infants, using deuterium ...
Bera Alpanamayi A Howrah District Hospital and Researcher, Dept. Of Neonatology, IPGME&R and SSKM Hospital, Kolkata, 700020, - - 2014
Kangaroo mother care (KMC) is a non-conventional low cost method of newborn care. Our aim was to assess the effect of sustained KMC on the growth and development of low birth weight Indian babies up to the age of 12 months. We enrolled 500 mother and baby pairs, in groups ...
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