Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 2399
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Josefson Jami L JL Division of Endocrinology, Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Ill., - - 2013
Background: Increased adiposity at birth may identify infants at high risk of developing obesity. Maternal obesity and hyperglycemia in pregnancy are associated with increased neonatal adiposity; however, features of maternal obesity that contribute to increased neonatal adiposity need further study. Aims: To measure adiposity in neonates of obese and normal-weight ...
Figueras-Aloy Josep J Neonatal Service, Biomedical Research Institute August Pii Sunyer, Hospital Clínic of Barcelona, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2013
To evaluate bone mineral density (BMD) in preterm neonates at discharge and identify the optimum cutoff values for serum alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and phosphorus (P) concentrations to diagnose the severity of metabolic bone disease of prematurity. A total of 336 preterm neonates (≤31 weeks' gestation and birth weight ≤1500 g) ...
Michielsen Laura A LA Vincent van Gogh Institute for Psychiatry, Venlo, the - - 2014
The aim of this retrospective study was to explore the relationship between psychotropic medication dosage and birth outcomes. A total of 136 women were enrolled, who had an active mental disorder, were taking medication to prevent a relapse, or had a history of postpartum depression or psychosis. Medication use was ...
Azzi Salah - - 2013
The ZAC1 gene, mapped to the 6q24 region, is part of a network of co-regulated imprinted genes involved in the control of embryonic growth. Loss of methylation at the ZAC1 differentially methylated region (DMR) is associated with transient neonatal diabetes mellitus, a developmental disorder involving growth retardation and diabetes in ...
Melbourne Andrew - - 2013
The survival rates of infants born prematurely have improved as a result of advances in neonatal care, although there remains an increased risk of subsequent disability. Accurate measurement of the shape and appearance of the very preterm brain at term-equivalent age may guide the development of predictive biomarkers of neurological ...
Vinnars Marie-Therese - - 2013
Objective: To study associations between placental histopathology and neonatal outcome in preeclampsia (PE). Study design: The cohort consisted of 544 singleton pregnancies complicated by PE and managed at Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden during 2000-2009. Evaluation of placental histopathology was made by one senior perinatal pathologist, blinded to outcome. Clinical ...
McNicholas Fiona F Lucena Clinic, Rathgar, Dublin 6, Ireland, - - 2013
Low birth weight (LBW) is a leading cause of infant mortality and morbidity, and a specific risk for the development of neuro-developmental and academic problems. To examine the medical, cognitive and academic outcomes of VLBW (<1,500 g) children, born in one maternity hospital in Dublin between 1995 and 1997. The study ...
Ransom Carla E - - 2013
To determine whether maternal use of tenofovir disoproxil fumarate for treatment of HIV in pregnancy predicts fetal and infant growth. The study population included HIV-uninfected live-born singleton infants of mothers enrolled in the International Maternal Pediatric Adolescent AIDS Clinical Trials Group protocol P1025 (born 2002-2011) in the United States and ...
van de Lagemaat Monique - - 2013
An iron intake of >2 mg/kg/d is recommended for preterm infants. We hypothesized that human milk (HM)-fed preterm infants require iron supplementation after discharge, whereas iron-fortified formulae (IFF; 0.8-1.0 mg iron/100 ml) may provide sufficient dietary iron until 6 months post-term. At term age, 3 and 6 months post-term, ferritin (μg/l) was measured in 92 ...
Hicks Jamie H - - 2013
Late-onset sepsis continues to be a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in very low-birth-weight infants. Earlier detection of infection with heart rate variability monitoring through the use of the HeRO monitor has been shown to reduce mortality rate by 22%. This article reviews how HeRO is used to assist ...
Grilo Evellyn Câmara EC UFRN, NatalRN, - - 2013
To assess vitamin E levels in the breast milk, analyzing the prematurity and the birth weight influence in α-tocopherol concentration of colostrum milk. Cross-sectional study, in which the colostrum was collected from 93 nursing mothers in a public maternity of Natal, Rio Grande do Norte, Northeast Brazil. The newborns were ...
Angrisani Rosanna M Giaffredo RM Hospital São Paulo, Unifesp, São PauloSP, - - 2013
To investigate the influence of gender and weight/gestational age ratio on the Auditory Brainstem Response (ABR) in preterm (PT) and term (T) newborns. 176 newborns were evaluated by ABR; 88 were preterm infants - 44 females (22 small and 22 appropriate for gestational age) and 44 males (22 small and ...
Parizadeh Seyed Mohammadreza SM Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, - - 2013
The aim of study was to compare the serum level of magnesium in mothers having low birth weight with those having normal birth weight neonates. In a case-control study, women who delivered low birth weight neonate (cases), compared with normal birth weight (controls) in serum concentration of magnesium. Blood samples ...
Lin Mei-Chi MC Department of Anesthesiology, Mackay Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan. Electronic address: - - 2013
Due to smaller incisions, fewer wound injuries, and a shorter time of recovery, laparoscopic procedures are becoming increasingly popular in pediatric surgery, but the safety of their application in low-body-weight or premature infants should be a major concern. Here we present a case report of a 3-month-old premature infant, who ...
Hawkes Colin Patrick CP Division of Endocrinology and Diabetes, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA 19104, - - 2013
The role of growth hormone (GH) and insulinlike growth factor-I (IGF-I) change through early childhood. Whereas poor growth is a later presenting feature, infants with isolated GH deficiency have a normal birth weight and length, and often present with hypoglycemia. IGF-I plays an important role antenatally and post-natally in somatic ...
Braulio Renato - - 2013
To identify clinical and echocardiographic indicators of the necessity for early surgical closure of patent ductus arteriosus in preterm neonates. The prospective study was conducted at the Neonatal Unit of Hospital Municipal Odilon Behrens between 2006 and 2010. The study population comprised 115 preterm neonates diagnosed with patent ductus arteriosus ...
Kirchengast Sylvia S University of Vienna, Department of Anthropology, Vienna, Austria. - - 2013
According to the male disadvantage hypothesis male foetuses react more sensitive to maternal stress factors during gestation. In the present study the gender typical impact of maternal prepregnancy overweight and obesity as well as gestational weight gain on newborn somatometrics was tested on basis of births records of 7565 births, ...
Haghighi Ladan L Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2013
Background: Preterm birth (PTB) is responsible for 70% of neonatal mortalities. Various factors influence the risk of neonatal mortality in different populations. Objective: Our objective was to evaluate neonatal survival rate of preterm infants, and to define its predictors in Iranian population. Materials and Methods: This retrospective cohort study included ...
Lee Chungho - - 2013
Background: Atrial septal openings (ASOs) are very common in premature infants. Objective: The study aimed to evaluate the prevalence and natural course of ASOs in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants diagnosed in the first week of life and the association of ASOs with various clinical factors. Methods: We retrospectively ...
Oulmaati Abdallah - - 2013
Mild rectal bleeding (MRB) is a particular clinical entity different from necrotizing enterocolitis, which significantly influences neonatal care in preterm infants. We aimed to determine the risk factors and to evaluate prospectively the clinical course of MRB. We consecutively included in a case--control study all infants with birth weight <= ...
Hull Melissa A MA Department of Surgery, Center for Advanced Intestinal Rehabilitation, Boston Children's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, - - 2013
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a leading cause of death in very low birth weight (VLBW) neonates. The overall mortality of NEC is well documented. However, those requiring surgery appear to have increased mortality compared with those managed medically. The objective of this study was to establish national birth-weight-based benchmarks for ...
Fares Samira - - 2013
Preterm neonates are at high risk of vitamin deficiencies, which may expose them to increased morbidity and mortality. This study aimed to determine the prevalence and risk factors for vitamin A, E, and D deficiencies in Tunisian very low birth weight (VLBW) neonates. A total of 607 VLBW and 300 ...
Saigal Saroj - - 2013
The outcomes of very low birth weight survivors born in the early post-neonatal intensive care era have now been reported to young adulthood in several longitudinal cohort studies, and more recently from large Scandinavian national databases. The latter reports corroborate the findings that despite disabilities, a significant majority of very ...
Ishiguro Akio - - 2013
Background:Cardiovascular instability immediately after birth is associated with intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. For circulatory management, evaluation of organ blood flow is important. In this study, the relationship between peripheral perfusion within 48 h after birth and IVH was evaluated in VLBW infants.Methods:In this prospective observational ...
Lago Paola - - 2013
Background: Ibuprofen (IBU) has proved as effective as indomethacin in the pharmacological closure of hemodynamically significant patent ductus arteriosus (HsPDA), with an efficacy inversely related to gestational age (57-89%). Objective: This study aimed to establish whether continuous infusions of IBU could be more effective in very low birth weight infants ...
Vasylyeva Tetyana L - - 2013
Understanding associated risk for obesity is a prerequisite to develop early life interventions to arrest the increasing epidemic of metabolic syndrome and obesity among preterm born children and adolescents. A retrospective review of 160 charts was conducted to determine the associated risk of being obese during childhood and adolescent period ...
Nunes Magda Lahorgue - - 2013
To evaluate electroencephalogram (EEG) patterns in very low birth weight premature newborns when reaching term-to-term neonates, thereby comparing extra uterine to intra uterine development. EEG recordings were obtained between 2 and 14days of life in 47 preterm (<37weeks) very low birth weight (⩽1500g) newborns and repeated when reaching term age ...
Knecht D - - 2013
This article studies the effect of a boar's birth season and breed on semen parameters and its further reproductive performance. Research material consisted of 72 boars from three breeds (24 Polish Large White PLW, 24 Polish Landrace PL, 24 Duroc × Pietrain D×P). During the whole period of the study, ...
Teoli Dac A - - 2013
We conducted a cross-sectional, correlational analysis of the West Virginia Birth Score Program database examining the relationship between maternal self-rated health (SRH) and infant low birth weight (LBW), preterm birth, and small for gestational age (SGA). We found that, after controlling for covariates, mothers reporting fair/poor SRH were more likely ...
Paranjothy Shantini - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:To investigate the risk of emergency respiratory hospital admission during childhood associated with gestational age at birth and growth restriction in utero.METHODS:The study included a total population electronic birth cohort with anonymized record-linkage of multiple health and administrative data sets. Participants were 318 613 children born in Wales, United Kingdom, between ...
Surek D - - 2013
This study examined the relationship between birth weight and growth performance when suckling piglets were reared in litters standardized by birth weight. Forty-four gilts (Landrace x Large White) due to farrow during the same week were selected. Piglets born to those gilts were individually weighed at birth and cross-fostered to ...
Aris Izzuddin M - - 2013
Context:Gestational hyperglycemia increases the risk of obesity and diabetes in offspring later in life.Objective:We examined the relationship between gestational glycemia and neonatal adiposity in a multiethnic cohort of Singaporean neonates.Design:A prospective mother-offspring cohort study recruited 1247 pregnant mothers (57.2% Chinese, 25.5% Malay, 17.3% Indian) and performed 75-g, 2-hour oral glucose ...
Mehler Katrin - - 2013
Background: Very immature preterm infants are at risk of developing symptomatic or severe infection if cytomegalovirus is transmitted via breast milk. It is still a matter of debate whether human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infection may lead to long-term sequelae. Objectives: We hypothesized that symptomatic and severe HCMV infection transmitted via breast ...
Gibson Anne-Marie - - 2013
Extremely low birth weight (<1000 g birth weight) or extremely preterm (<28 weeks of gestation) infants are surviving in greater numbers as neonatal care advances. Many of these survivors, especially those who develop bronchopulmonary dysplasia, have more respiratory ill health in the first years after discharge home, reduced respiratory function and ...
Hyder Ayaz - - 2013
Air pollution may be related to adverse birth outcomes. Exposure information from land-based monitoring stations often suffers from limited spatial coverage. Satellite data offer an alternative data source for exposure assessment. We used birth certificate data for births in Connecticut and Massachusetts, United States (2000-2006). Gestational exposure to PM2.5 was ...
Hair Amy B - - 2013
Despite current nutritional strategies, premature infants remain at high risk for extrauterine growth restriction. The use of an exclusive human milk-based diet is associated with decreased incidence of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), but concerns exist about infants achieving adequate growth. The objective of this study was to evaluate growth velocities and ...
Szajewska Hania - - 2013
Growth is an essential outcome measure for evaluating the safety of any new ingredients, including probiotics, added to infant formulae. The aim of this systematic review was to determine the effects of supplementation of infant formulae with Bifidobacterium lactis Bb12 (B lactis) and/or Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG (LGG) compared with unsupplemented ...
Rane Sharayu - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To compare short-term outcomes of infants who underwent early versus late tracheostomy during their initial hospitalization after birth and determine the association, if any, between tracheostomy timing and outcomes. Study Design: Retrospective chart review of infants who underwent a tracheostomy during their initial hospitalization at a single site. ...
Rosebraugh Matthew R - - 2013
Background.Preterm very low birth weight (VLBW) infants weighing <1.5 kg at birth develop anemia, often requiring multiple red blood cell transfusions (RBCTx). Because laboratory blood loss is a primary cause of anemia leading to RBCTx in VLBW infants, our purpose was to simulate the extent to which RBCTx can be reduced ...
Kapadia Vishal S - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:To determine whether a limited oxygen strategy (LOX) versus a high oxygen strategy (HOX) during delivery room resuscitation decreases oxidative stress in preterm neonates.METHODS:A randomized trial of neonates of 24 to 34 weeks' gestational age (GA) who received resuscitation was performed. LOX neonates received room air as the initial resuscitation ...
Acuña-Muga Juliana - - 2013
Background:Given the importance of mother's milk for very low birth weight (VLBW) infants, it would be helpful to know which circumstances are most favorable for milk expression.Objective:This study aimed to estimate the volume of milk obtained by mothers of VLBW infants as a function of proximity to the infant and ...
Khuri-Bulos Najwa - - 2014
Vitamin D deficiency is well recognized in selected Middle Eastern countries, but neonatal vitamin D status is not well studied in Jordan and other nearby countries. The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in Jordanian newborns and risk factors associated with low levels. ...
Miller Thomas A - - 2013
Despite standardization in care, heterogeneity in outcomes persists for infants with hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS). One potential factor is in utero stressors. Uteroplacental insufficiency (UPI) induces systemic vascular and myocardial adaptations in the absence of structural heart disease. The effect of UPI in HLHS is unknown. We retrospectively analyzed ...
Tzarouchi Loukia C - - 2013
Prematurity and intrauterine growth restriction are associated with neurodevelopmental disabilities. To assess the relationship between growth status and regional brain volume (rBV) and white matter microstructure in premature babies at around term-equivalent age. Premature infants (n= 27) of gestational age (GA): 29.8 ± 2.1 weeks, with normal brain MRI scans were studied at corrected ...
Svendsen Anders J - - 2013
Low birth weight has been proposed as a risk factor for rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The twin-control study design provides an opportunity to investigate the significance of potential prenatal determinants for adult morbidity by accounting for maternal characteristics and early environmental and genetic factors. We investigated the association between birth weight ...
Basuki Fauziah - - 2013
Preterm infants have fewer nutrient reserves at birth than full term infants and often receive artificial formula feeds in the absence of expressed breast milk. Although it is generally agreed that feeding must be initiated slowly and advanced with much greater deliberation than in a healthy, full term infant, the ...
Van Niekerk Evette E Division Human Nutrition, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Stellenbosch University, Tygerberg, South Africa. Electronic address: - - 2013
The aim of this study was to compare the effect of administration of probiotics on feeding tolerance and growth outcomes of HIV-exposed (but uninfected) versus HIV non-exposed preterm infants. The null hypothesis of this study states that there will be no difference in the feeding tolerance and growth outcomes for ...
Maas Christoph - - 2013
Fortified human milk may not meet all nutritional needs of very preterm infants. Early transition from complementary parenteral nutrition to full enteral feeds might further impair in-hospital growth. We aimed to investigate the impact of the cumulative intake of fortified human milk on early postnatal growth in a cohort of ...
Dong Ling - - 2013
To evaluate the association of maternal fasting glucose levels at 4-12 gestational weeks with anthropometry in the offspring from birth to 12 months in Tianjin, China. A total of 57,454 pregnant women underwent a fasting glucose test during the first trimester, and their children had body weight/length measured from birth ...
Persson Martina - - 2013
OBJECTIVE High birth weight is a risk factor for neonatal complications. It is not known if the risk differs with body proportionality. The primary aim of this study was to determine the risk of adverse pregnancy outcome in relation to body proportionality in large-for-gestational-age (LGA) infants stratified by maternal gestational ...
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