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Results 151 - 200 of 2698
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Vásquez-Ruiz Samuel S Neonatology Department, Hospital Juárez de México, Secretaría de - - 2014
Bright constant light levels in the NICU may have negative effects on the growth and development of preterm infants OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to evaluate the benefits of an alternating light/dark cycle in the NICU on weight gain and early discharge from the therapy in premature infants. ...
Ashworth Danielle C DC Small Area Health Statistics Unit, MRC-PHE Centre for Environment and Health, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Imperial College London, Norfolk Place, Paddington, London, W2 1PG, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Public concern about potential health risks associated with incineration has prompted studies to investigate the relationship between incineration and risk of cancer, and more recently, birth outcomes. We conducted a systematic review of epidemiologic studies evaluating the relationship between waste incineration and the risk of adverse birth and neonatal outcomes. ...
Zapata James J Grupo de Investigación, Centro Medico Imbanaco, Asociación Atem Health Care, Cali, - - 2014
Providing consistent levels of oxygen saturation (SpO2 ) for infants in neonatal intensive care units is not easy. This study explored how effectively the Auto-Mixer(®) algorithm automatically adjusted fraction of inspired oxygen (FiO2 ) levels to maintain SpO2 within an intended range in extremely low birth weight infants receiving supplemental ...
Sasaki Yoshihito Y Department of Neonatology, Otsu Red Cross Hospital, Otsu, - - 2014
Objective: This study aimed to re-evaluate the effectiveness of antenatal corticosteroids (ACS) and to analyze the association between ACS and the mode of delivery in the context of perinatal morbidity and mortality in very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants. Study Design: This retrospective cohort study involved 15,765 VLBW infants born between 2003 and ...
Toyoshima Katsuaki K Neonatology, Kanagawa Children's Medical - - 2014
Background: This study was undertaken to establish the appropriate correction of left atrial volume (LAV) to body surface area (BSA) to provide reference values and to assess the hypotheses that LAV is useful for assessing patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) severity in extremely low birth weight infants (ELBWI) and could overcome the ...
Reynolds L C LC 1] Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA [2] Department of Pediatrics, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, - - 2014
Objective:Thirty-five percent of women of child-bearing age are obese, and there is evidence that maternal obesity may increase the risk for adverse neurodevelopmental outcome. However, research regarding obesity and neurodevelopment among children born preterm is limited. This study aimed to determine associations between maternal obesity and neurodevelopment in very preterm ...
Nayak Gopi K GK Department of Radiology, Division of Pediatric Radiology, Montefiore Medical Center, 111 East 210 St., Bronx, NY, 10467, - - 2014
The upper gastrointestinal (UGI) series is the preferred method for the diagnosis of malrotation. A bedside UGI technique was developed at our institution for use in low birth weight, critically ill neonates to minimize the risks of transportation from the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) such as hypothermia and dislodgement ...
Bakker Hanneke H The Generation R Study Group, - - 2014
Low birth weight is associated with ESRD. To identify specific growth patterns in early life that may be related to kidney function in later life, we examined the associations of longitudinally measured fetal and infant growth with kidney function in school-aged children. This study was embedded in a population-based prospective ...
Ugwa Ea E Obstetrics and Gynaecology Department, Federal Medical Centre, Birnin Kudu, Jigawa - - 2014
Abstract Objective: This study was undertaken to determine the sensitivity and specificity of anthropometric measurements in predicting birth weight. Method: This was a prospective study. Interviewer-administered questionnaires were used. Two hundred were used. The weight, height and BMI of the women were measured. Unclothed newborns were weighed immediately after delivery. ...
Durrmeyer Xavier - - 2014
Premedication before neonatal intubation is heterogeneous and contentious. The combination of a short acting, rapid onset opioid with a muscle relaxant is considered suitable by many experts. The purpose of this study was to describe the tolerance and conditions of intubation following anaesthesia with atropine, sufentanil and atracurium in very ...
Benjamin Daniel K DK Jr Duke Clinical Research Institute, Durham, North - - 2014
Invasive candidiasis in premature infants causes death and neurodevelopmental impairment. Fluconazole prophylaxis reduces candidiasis, but its effect on mortality and the safety of fluconazole are unknown. To evaluate the efficacy and safety of fluconazole in preventing death or invasive candidiasis in extremely low-birth-weight infants. This study was a randomized, blinded, ...
Everett-Hincks J M JM AgResearch Limited, Invermay Agricultural Centre, AgResearch, Puddle Alley, Private Bag 50034, Mosgiel, New - - 2014
This paper reports genetic parameters for lamb survival and mortality traits on sheep farms in New Zealand. Lamb survival and mortality records were obtained from 38 flocks (103,357 lambs), from 5 y of lambing data (2007 to 2011) and include many breeds and their crosses (predominantly Romney, Perendale, Coopworth and ...
Dos Santos Junior Valdeci Elias - - 2014
Socioeconomic, perinatal and other life cycle events can be important determinants of the health status of the individual and populations. This study aimed to assess the prevalence of early childhood caries (ECC), perinatal factors (gestational age, teenage pregnancy and birth weight), family income and nutritional risk in children. A cross-sectional ...
Linder N N Department of Neonatology, Helen Schneider Hospital for Women, Rabin Medical Center, , Petach Tikva, - - 2014
To assess the association of anthropometric measurements with neonatal complications in macrosomic newborns of non-diabetic mothers. Retrospective cohort study. All liveborn, singleton, full term newborns with birth weight ≥4000 g born to non-diabetic mothers at a tertiary medical centre in 1995-2005 (n=2766, study group) were matched to the next born, ...
Barone Giovanni - - 2014
Ability to maintain a normal body temperature in an open crib is an important physiologic competency generally requested to discharge preterm infants from the hospital. The aim of this study is to assess the feasibility of an early weaning protocol from incubator in preterm newborns in a Neonatal Intensive Care ...
Richardson C C Department of Child and Adolescent Health, University of the West Indies, Mona, Kingston 7, - - 2014
Objective The aim of this study is to determine the risk factors for the delivery of macrosomic infants at the University Hospital of the West Indies over a 3-year period. Design and Methods A retrospective, descriptive, case-controlled study was performed. Data were extracted from the maternal medical records of 316 macrosomic infants ...
Novitsky Alexandra A Department of Neonatology, Chester County Hospital, West Chester, - - 2014
Objective The objective of the article is to determine if > 48 hours of antibiotic treatment during the 1st week of life is associated with subsequent isolation of bacteria from the endotracheal tube (ETT), and an increased risk of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). Study Design Retrospective cohort study of very low birth weight infants. Routine ...
Vezina Heather E HE 1Department of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA. 2Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA. 3Department of Pediatrics and Communicable Diseases, School of Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI. 4Department of Clinical, Social and Administrative Sciences, College of Pharmacy, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, - - 2014
To determine the population pharmacokinetics of unbound hydrocortisone in critically ill neonates and infants receiving IV hydrocortisone for treatment of vasopressor-resistant hypotension and to identify patient-specific sources of pharmacokinetic variability. Prospective observational cohort study. Level 3 neonatal ICU. Sixty-two critically ill neonates and infants receiving IV hydrocortisone as part of ...
Linhares M B M MB Departamento de Neurociências e Ciências do Comportamento, Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto, Universidade de São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, SP, - - 2014
Sucrose solution is recommended as relevant pain relief management in neonates during acute painful procedures; however, only a few studies have analyzed the potentially adverse effects of sucrose administration to preterm neonates. The goal of this study was to examine the potential side effects of sucrose for pain relief in ...
Ekwochi U - - 2014
Background: Being the highest contributor to under-5 mortality, neonatal mortality and morbidity has great impact to the attainment of millennium development goals 4 (MDG 4). In Nigeria and other developing countries, this indicator strongly poses a major challenge in achieving this goal. Objectives: To determine the morbidity and mortality pattern ...
Vieira Luciana A LA New York Presbyterian Weill Cornell Medical Center, New York, - - 2014
The neonatal body composition has implications for the future health of the newborn. The neonatal body mass index (BMI) has been correlated with future obesity. Noninvasive measures of fetal and neonatal body composition before birth may provide early identification of children at risk for shoulder dystocia and other neonatal complications. ...
Bobby Paul D PD Stamford Hospital, Stamford, - - 2014
Hypothermia after birth is associated with mortality and morbidity in preterm neonates. We examined the effect of a bundled intervention set on the incidence of hypothermia at time of neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) admission in preterm neonates born at Stamford Hospital. In Fall 2012, an intervention bundle for preterm ...
Leftwich Heidi K HK University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, - - 2014
Fetuses with growth delay at risk for complications may not be identified if further evaluation is limited to fetuses with an estimated fetal weight less than the 10th percentile. We assessed umbilical artery Doppler in fetuses at the 10-20th percentile to identify those at risk for poor perinatal outcomes. Retrospective ...
Blue Nathan R NR Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, - - 2014
Fetuses diagnosed with congenital cardiac defects are suspected to have diminished growth potential. We compared the birth weights of fetuses with cardiac defects with those of a contemporaneous population of normal fetuses. A retrospective chart review was conducted of all patients diagnosed with a congenital heart defect from 2004 to ...
Carrington Nateya N Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, - - 2014
To investigate the use of customized birth weight percentiles as a predictor for shoulder dystocia. Over a 3-year period, shoulder dystocia occurred among 99 of 11,493 deliveries, for an incidence of 0.9%. To conduct a case-control study, 386 deliveries with no shoulder dystocia were randomly selected. Customized birth weight percentile ...
O'Connor Clare C Ultrasound and Fetal Medicine Centre, Coombe Women and Infants University Hospital, Dublin, Ireland; UCD Centre for Human Reproduction, Coombe Women and Infants University Hospital, Dublin, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between prenatal measures of subcutaneous tissue as surrogate markers of fetal nutritional status and correlate them with neonatal total body composition. This prospective longitudinal study of 62 singleton obtained serial biometry and subcutaneous tissue measurements 28, 33 and 38 weeks gestation. ...
Trevisanuto Daniele D Children and Women's Health Department, Medical School University of Padua Azienda Ospedaliera Padova 35128 Padua, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
To identify changes in practice between two historical periods (2002 vs. 2011) in early delivery room (DR) management of ELBWI in Italian tertiary centres. A questionnaire was sent to the directors of all Italian level III centres between April and August 2012. The same questionnaire was used in a national ...
Fawcett Kristin - - 2014
Neonatal hypothermia, temperature < 36.5°C, is a major contributor to neonatal mortality and morbidity. hypothermia of preterm infants remains a challenge in the NiCU for many reasons. preterm very low birth weight (VlBW) infants, those infants born <1,500 g, are prone to very rapid heat losses through mechanisms of convection, ...
Persson Martina M Clinical Epidemiological Unit, Department of Medicine Solna, Karolinska University Hospital, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, - - 2014
Maternal overweight and obesity increase risks of pregnancy and delivery complications and neonatal mortality, but the mechanisms are unclear. The objective of the study was to investigate associations between maternal body mass index (BMI) in early pregnancy and severe asphyxia-related outcomes in infants delivered at term (≥37 weeks). A nation-wide ...
Plank Rebeca M RM *Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA; †Department of Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA; ‡Botswana-Harvard School of Public Health AIDS Initiative Partnership for HIV Research and Education, Gaborone, Botswana; §Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA; ‖Northern Inter-Tribal Health Authority, Prince Albert, Saskatchewan, Canada; ¶Botswana Ministry of Health, Gaborne, Botswana; #Departments of Internal Medicine and Pediatrics, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA; and; **Division of Infectious Diseases, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, - - 2014
: Existing devices for early infant male circumcision (EIMC) have inherent limitations. We evaluated the newly developed AccuCirc device by circumcising 151 clinically well, full-term male infants with birth weight ≥2.5 kg within the first 10 days of life from a convenience sample in 2 hospitals in Botswana. No major ...
Crealey M - - 2014
The early post-ileostomy medical management of neonates is not clearly defined. A retrospective chart review of all infants who received an ileostomy March 2010-December 2011, identified the post-operative ileostomy progress of each infant. There were 16 cases of neonatal ileostomy during the study period. Over the first 14 postoperative days ...
Hazell Tom J TJ a Department of Kinesiology and Physical Education, University of Lethbridge, Lethbridge, AB T1K 3M4, - - 2014
Vitamin D status positively associates with skeletal muscle mass and function in adolescents. The C-3 alpha epimer of 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 (3-epi-25(OH)D3) is high in infants, yet the potential impacts of 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 (25(OH)D3) and 3-epi-25(OH)D3 on skeletal muscle development are largely unexplored. The objective of this study was (i) to ...
Varal Ipek Güney IG Uludağ University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, - - 2014
Gastro-esophageal reflux (GER) is one of the common problems of neonatal intensive care units. Although this condition does not always need to be treated, it occasionally causes clinically serious consequences. Initial management is medical; however, in some cases surgery might be required. A premature neonate with birth weight of 1370 ...
Gonçalves F C L S P FC Post-graduation Program in Child and Adolescent Health, Federal University of Pernambuco, Pernambuco, - - 2014
Background/objectives:Low birth weight (LBW) and rapid postnatal weight gain are associated with future high body adiposity; however, the cumulative effect of LBW and postnatal weight gain remains unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of body proportionality of LBW infants and postnatal weight gain on body mass ...
Eum Jin-Hee - - 2014
Manganese (Mn) is an essential trace element for humans and animals, but excess intake of Mn can lead to adverse developmental outcome. Few studies have investigated the effects of deficiency or excess of Mn on the human foetus. In this study, we assessed the quantitative relationship between maternal blood Mn ...
Juárez Sol P SP Centre for Economic Demography, Lund University, , Lund, - - 2014
Studies have shown that immigrants residing in Spain have lower risks of delivering low birthweight (LBW) and preterm babies despite their socioeconomic disadvantages (the healthy migrant paradox). However, less is known about other important perinatal outcomes derived from birth weight and gestational age such as macrosomia and post-term birth. This ...
Castrillio Stephanie M SM Division of Neonatology-#45, Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago, 225 E. Chicago Ave, Chicago, IL, 60611, USA, - - 2014
Small for gestational age (weight for gestational age <10th percentile, SGA) and preterm birth (<37 weeks, PTB) are the major determinants of infant mortality rates and racial disparities therein. To determine the generational inheritance patterns of SGA and PTB among non-Hispanic Whites and African-Americans. Stratified and multivariable binominal regression analyses were ...
Stubert Johannes - - 2014
Abstract Aims: To analyze the clinical differences between early- and late-onset cases of severe preeclampsia and to evaluate parameters that could help to predict perinatal outcome. Methods: Over a period of 6 years, all cases of severe preeclampsia (n=68) at our institution were included in a retrospective cohort analysis. Differences ...
Kwok Man Ki MK School of Public Health, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, - - 2014
To evaluate the credibility of twin status as an instrumental variable for birth weight and infant growth and to obtain less-confounded estimates of the associations of birth weight or infant growth with adolescent blood pressure (BP). Prospective population-based "Children of 1997" birth cohort of all surviving infants born in Hong ...
Aher Sanjay M SM Neonatology, Dr. Aher's Neocare Hospital, Near Tusakhre Lawns, Mumbai Naka, Nashik, Maharashtra, India, - - 2014
Low plasma levels of erythropoietin (EPO) in preterm infants provide a rationale for the use of EPO to prevent or treat anaemia. To assess the effectiveness and safety of late initiation of erythropoietin (EPO) between eight and 28 days after birth, in reducing the use of red blood cell (RBC) ...
Agay-Shay Keren K Centre for Research in Environmental Epidemiology (CREAL), Barcelona, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to evaluate the associations between proximity to green spaces and surrounding greenness and pregnancy outcomes, such as birth weight, low birth weight (LBW), very LBW (VLBW), gestational age, preterm deliveries (PTD) and very PTD (VPTD). This study was based on 39 132 singleton live ...
Sáenz de Pipaón Miguel M Department of Neonatology, Hospital Universitario La Paz, Madrid, - - 2014
Objective: To establish the determinants of weight, length and head circumference changes during their initial hospitalization in very-low-birth-weight preterm infants. Subjects/Methods: A prospective cohort study was performed. Weight z-score and percentage of target dietary intakes (TDIs) were prospectively determined daily during the first 5 weeks of life in a group ...
Shah Prakesh S - - 2014
The International Network for Evaluating Outcomes in Neonates (iNeo) is a collaboration of population-based national neonatal networks including Australia and New Zealand, Canada, Israel, Japan, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, and the UK. The aim of iNeo is to provide a platform for comparative evaluation of outcomes of very preterm and very ...
Quigley Maria M National Perinatal Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Old Road Campus, Oxford, UK, 0X3 - - 2014
When sufficient maternal breast milk is not available, alternative sources of enteral nutrition for preterm or low birth weight infants are donor breast milk or artificial formula. Donor breast milk may retain some of the non-nutritive benefits of maternal breast milk for preterm or low birth weight infants. However, feeding ...
Fenton Tanis R TR Alberta Children's Hospital Research Institute, Department of Community Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, - - 2014
The ideal quantity of dietary protein for formula-fed low birth weight infants is still a matter of debate. Protein intake must be sufficient to achieve normal growth without negative effects such as acidosis, uremia, and elevated levels of circulating amino acids. To determine whether higher (≥ 3.0 g/kg/d) versus lower ...
Karkee Rajendra R School of Public Health and Community Medicine, BP Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan, - - 2014
Many deliveries in low income countries still take place at home and the newborns are often not weighed. This community-based study ascertained the incidence of low birthweight (LBW) and compared the birthweight between home- and facility-born neonates in central Nepal. A total of 701 pregnant women from the Kaski district ...
Hansen Michèle M Telethon Kids Institute, University of Western Australia, Perth, - - 2014
Pooled odds ratios from meta-analyses of infants born following assisted reproductive technologies (ART) compared with non-ART singletons show increases in low birth weight, preterm birth, small for gestational age, and birth defects. Although there have been small reductions in recent data, odds associated with these outcomes are still higher for ...
Washburn Lisa K LK 1Department of Pediatrics, Wake Forest School of Medicine, - - 2014
Hypothesis/introduction:Preeclampsia is associated with alterations in the maternal renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS), increased blood pressure (BP), and cardiovascular risk in the offspring. We hypothesized that preeclampsia is associated with alterations in the RAAS in the offspring that persist into adolescence. We compared components of the circulating (n = 111) and renal ...
García-Muñoz Rodrigo Fermín F Servicio de Neonatología, Hospital Universitario Materno Infantil de Las Palmas, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
Controversy exists about the relationship between maternal inflammation and the development of different morbidities and mortality in the newborn. We aimed to establish the incidence of clinical chorioamnionitis in our Neonatal Intensive Care Unit and its relation to morbidity and mortality among very-low-birth-weight infants. This was an observational study of ...
Wilken Markus M Institute for Pediatric Feeding Tube Management and Weaning, Siegburg, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Low birth weight infants (LBW) are reported to be at risk for post-traumatic feeding disorder (PTFD). In this study, we evaluated the outcome of an intervention program for infants with PTFD. LBW infants with PTFD (N=21) completed feeding behavior questionnaires at entry and after completing the program and were compared ...
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