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Khanal Vishnu V Maternal and Child Health Consultant, Sauraha Pharsatikar-1, Rupandehi, Nepal. - - 2014
Low birth weight (LBW) is a major cause of neonatal deaths in developing countries including Nepal. Its social determinants in Nepal have rarely been identified. This study aimed to identify the factors associated with low birth weight among under-five children comparing data from the Nepal Demographic and Health Surveys (NDHS) ...
Dodd Jodie M JM Robinson Institute and School of Paediatrics and Reproductive Health, University of Adelaide, 72 King William Road, North Adelaide, South Australia, Australia - - 2014
To determine the effect of antenatal dietary and lifestyle interventions on health outcomes in overweight and obese pregnant women. Multicentre randomised trial. We utilised a central telephone randomisation server, with computer generated schedule, balanced variable blocks, and stratification for parity, body mass index (BMI) category, and hospital. Three public maternity ...
Fenton Tanis R - - 2014
No growth chart has resolved what to do with the physiologic postnatal weight loss when extracellular water is decreased. Nevertheless, the Fenton Growth Chart provides the most comprehensive comparison to the current growth standard for the preterm infant particularly with growth after return to birthweight. Existing postnatal growth references have ...
Wohlfahrt-Veje Christine C Department of Growth and Reproduction, The Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, University Hospital of Copenhagen, Rigshospitalet, University of Copenhagen, 5064, Rigshospitalet, Blegdamsvej 9, 2100 Copenhagen Ø, - - 2014
Experimental studies have shown that dioxin-like chemicals may interfere with aspects of the endocrine system including growth. However, human background population studies are, however, scarce. We aimed to investigate whether early exposure of healthy infants to dioxin-like chemicals was associated with changes in early childhood growth and serum IGF1. In ...
Wilson Ann L AL Department of Teaching, USD Sanford School of Medicine, - - 2014
In 2012, South Dakota experienced a 2.1 percent increase in births over the previous year. Despite an overall decrease in low birth weight, in 2012, the South Dakota infant mortality rate (8.6) surpassed its rate for the past 12 years with a 30 percent increase over its mean rate for ...
Ning Ning N Radiology Department of The First Affiliated Hospital, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shaanxi, People's Republic of China ; Nuclear Medicine Department of The Second Affiliate Hospital, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shaanxi, People's Republic of - - 2014
Iron deposition and white matter (WM) maturation are very important for brain development in infants. It has been reported that the R2* and phase values originating from the gradient-echo sequence could both reflect the iron and myelination. The aim of this study was to investigate age-related changes of R2* and ...
Savajols Elodie E Department of Paediatrics, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire, Dijon, - - 2014
To determine whether there is a significant association between maternal haemoglobin measured before delivery and short-term neonatal outcome in very preterm neonates. We included prospectively all live births occurring from 25 to 32+6 weeks of gestation in a tertiary care centre between January 1(st) 2009 and December 31(st) 2011. Outborn ...
Kothiwale Shaila V - - 2014
Purpose: To investigate the association between maternal periodontal disease and its effect on haemoglobin levels and low birth weight infants. Materials and Methods: This observational study included 770 mothers. Data regarding the periodontal status, pregnancy outcome variables, haemoglobin levels (Hb%) and other factors that may contribute to adverse pregnancy outcomes ...
Yarnoff Benjamin B RTI International , Research Triangle Park, NC , - - 2014
Objectives: We explore the complex factors associated with infant feeding by analyzing what mother, infant, and household factors are associated with the types of food given to infants. We seek to quantify associations in order to inform public health policy about the importance of target populations for infant feeding programs. ...
Wilson Roneé E RE Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, College of Public Health, University of South Florida, 13201 Bruce B. Downs, MDC56, Tampa, FL 33612, - - 2014
The obstetric consequences of abnormal thyroid function during pregnancy have been established. Less understood is the influence of maternal thyroid autoantibodies on infant outcomes. The objective of this study was to examine the influence of maternal thyroperoxidase (TPO) status on fetal/infant brain and body growth. Six-hundred thirty-one (631) euthyroid pregnant ...
Vaudry Wendy W Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of - - 2014
To determine the rate of diagnosis; demographic, clinical and laboratory characteristics; and management of congenital cytomegalovirus (cCMV) cases identified by paediatricians in routine clinical practice in Canada. National active monthly surveillance of all clinically practicing general and subspecialty paediatricians in Canada was performed for cCMV from March 1, 2005 to ...
Reddy Sagili Chandrasekhara SC Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medical Sciences, University Sains Malaysia, Kubang Kerian 16150, Kelantan, - - 2014
Tono-pen measurement of intraocular pressure (IOP) under topical anaesthesia in full term normal newborns. The IOP measurements were taken using Tono-pen XL tonometer under topical anaesthesia in 150 newborns (300 eyes) within 24h after birth, over a period of three months, in a university hospital. Gender, gestation period, mode of ...
Chen Chien-Yi CY Graduate Institute of Clinical Medicine, National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei, Taiwan; Department of Pediatrics, National Taiwan University Hospital and National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei, - - 2014
The current recommendation of giving the first dose of hepatitis B vaccine to very low birth weight (VLBW) infants at 30 days of chronologic age usually is not practical, because most VLBW infants are not medically stable at that age. We use an alternative body-weight-based protocol, and evaluate its efficacy ...
Katz Joanne J Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of - - 2014
We use data from rural Nepal and South India to compare the prevalence of small-for-gestational-age (SGA) and neonatal mortality risk associated with SGA using different birth-weight-for-gestation reference populations. We identified 46 reference populations in low-, middle-, and high-income countries, of which 26 met the inclusion criteria of being commonly cited ...
Corvaglia Luigi L Neonatology and Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, S. Orsola-Malpighi Hospital, University of Bologna, Bologna, - - 2014
To elucidate the role of prenatal, neonatal and early postnatal variables in influencing the achievement of full enteral feeding (FEF) in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants and to determine whether neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) differ in this outcome. Population-based retrospective cohort study using data on 1,864 VLBW infants ...
Röhr S B SB University Hospital of Saarland, Medical School, Homburg, - - 2014
To assess the incidence of cardiac and metabolic adverse events in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants receiving systematic steroids. Prospective single centre audit in VLBW infants (<1,500 g) at the neonatal intensive care unit at the University Children's Hospital of Saarland, Germany. A total of 72 VLBW infants (38 ...
Wójkowska-Mach Jadwiga J Chair of Microbiology, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Kraków, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to describe the epidemiology of necrotising enterocolitis (NEC), antibiotic consumption and the usefulness of microbiological tests in very low birth weight (VLBW) Polish newborns. Prospective surveillance was performed in the year 2009 by local infection control teams. The study covered 910 infants hospitalized in ...
Amano Shizuka S Nagoya University School of Medicine, Nagoya, Japan. - - 2014
Low birth weight (LBW) is a major risk factor for neonatal death. However, most neonates in low-income countries are not weighed at birth. This results in many LBW infants being overlooked. Female community health volunteers (FCHVs) in Nepal are non-health professionals who are living in local communities and have already ...
Liu Gongshu G Tianjin Women's and Children's Health Center, Tianjin 300070, - - 2014
Aims. We aim to evaluate the association of maternal gestational oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) glucose concentrations with anthropometry in the offspring from birth to 12 months in Tianjin, China. Methods. A total of 27,157 pregnant women underwent OGTT during 26-30 weeks gestation, and their children had body weight/length measured ...
Andersen Andreas A Research Center for Vitamins & Vaccines (CVIVA), Bandim Health Project, Statens Serum Institute, Copenhagen, Denmark; Bandim Health Project, Indepth Network, Bissau, - - 2014
The mechanisms behind heterologous immunity and non-specific effects of vaccines on mortality are not well understood. We examined associations between cytokine responses and subsequent mortality in low-birth-weight infants in Guinea-Bissau. A low-birth-weight trial randomized children to Bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) at birth or later according to local policy. Blood samples were ...
Grollmuss Oswin O Centre Chirurgical Marie Lannelongue, INSERM 999, Université Paris XI Sud , Orsay , - - 2014
Background: Cardiac output (CO) measurement in low (LBW) and very low (VLBW) birth weight infants is difficult. Hitherto, sporadical transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) is the only non-invasive measurement method. Electrical velocimetry (EV) has been evaluated as an alternative in normal weight newborns. Objectives: The study was designed to evaluate if EV ...
Gadhia Monika M MM Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, NY. Electronic address: - - 2013
To assess whether the combination of early inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) therapy and vitamin A supplementation lowers the incidence of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in premature newborns with respiratory failure. A total of 793 mechanically ventilated infants (birth weight 500-1250 g) were randomized (after stratification by birth weight) to receive placebo ...
Higuchi Ryuzo R Departments of Perinatal Medicine, - - 2013
We report the features of neuroimaging within 24 hours after birth in 2 siblings with molybdenum cofactor deficiency. The first sibling was delivered by emergency cesarean section because of fetal distress and showed pedaling and crawling seizures soon after birth. Brain ultrasound revealed subcortical multicystic lesions in the frontal white ...
Youn Young-Ah YA Department of Pediatrics, Catholic Medical College, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, Seoul, Republic of Korea, - - 2013
This study aimed to determine whether primary surgical closure of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is a risk factor for morbidity and mortality compared with secondary surgical ligation. The study enrolled 178 very-low-birth-weight infants. The surgical group included 34 patients who did not respond to pharmacologic intervention and eventually required ligation ...
Davis A S AS Division of Neonatal and Developmental Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA, - - 2013
Objective:Severe intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) is an important prognostic variable in extremely preterm (EPT) infants. We examined imaging and clinical variables that predict outcomes in EPT infants with severe ICH.Study design:Retrospective analysis of 353 EPT infants with severe ICH. Outcomes were compared by examining: (i) unilateral vs bilateral ICH; and (ii) ...
Chen Yi - - 2013
Low birth weight (LBW) is one of the leading causes of adverse perinatal outcomes and is closely related to neonatal disease and death. The incidence of LBW has been increasing. The aim of this study was to investigate the current incidence rate and factors affecting low birth weight infants and ...
Lek Ngee N Department of Paediatrics, University of Cambridge, , Cambridge, - - 2013
The diagnosis of partial androgen insensitivity syndrome (PAIS) should be reserved for infants with a pathogenic androgen receptor gene (AR) mutation. However, only about 20% of infants with a clinical phenotype akin to PAIS have an AR mutation. We aimed to identify clinical features associated with the presence of an ...
Allain D D INRA, UR631, SAGA, Chemin de borde rouge CS 52627, 31326 Castanet Tolosan, - - 2013
The Romane sheep breed proved to be adapted to harsh conditions with high prolificacy and lamb survival in outdoor farming even under bad climate conditions. This breed shows large variability in its fleece type at birth and it has been suggested that lamb survival could be related to birthcoat type. ...
Madkour Aubrey Spriggs - - 2013
Although infants born to adolescent mothers are at increased risk of adverse birth outcomes, little is known about contributors to birth outcomes in this group. Given past research linking partner abuse to adverse birth outcomes among adult mothers, we explored associations between pre-pregnancy verbal and physical dating violence and the ...
Kothari Catherine L CL Catherine L. Kothari is with the Department of Emergency Medicine, Western Michigan University School of Medicine, Kalamazoo. Ruth Zielinski is with the Western Michigan University School of Nursing, Kalamazoo. Arthur James is with the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Ohio State University, Columbus. Remitha M. Charoth is with the Department of Psychiatry, Western Michigan University School of Medicine. Luz del Carmen Sweezy is with Healthy Babies Healthy Start, Kalamazoo County Department of Health and Community Services, - - 2013
Objectives. We determined whether participation in Healthy Babies Healthy Start (HBHS), a maternal health program emphasizing racial equity and delivering services through case management home visitation, was associated with improved birth outcomes for Black women relative to White women. Methods. We used a matched-comparison posttest-only design in which we selected ...
Davis Regina R RR Regina R. Davis, Sandra L. Hofferth, and Edmond D. Shenassa are with the Maternal and Child Health Program, Department of Family Science, University of Maryland, College Park. Regina R. Davis is also with the American Public Health Association, Washington, DC. Edmond D. Shenassa is also with the Department of Epidemiology, University of Maryland, College - - 2013
Objectives. We examined the association of prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) and gestational weight gain (GWG) with risk of death during infancy using the Institute of Medicine's (IOM's) Pregnancy Weight Gain Guidelines. Methods. We obtained maternal and infant data for 2004-2008 from 159 244 women with a singleton, full-term, live birth ...
Edmunds Lynn S LS Lynn S. Edmunds and Jackson P. Sekhobo are with the Evaluation, Research, and Surveillance Unit, Division of Nutrition, New York State Department of Health, Albany. Barbara A. Dennison and Howard H. Stratton are with the Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University at Albany, State University of New York, Albany. Barbara A. Dennison is also with the Policy and Research Translation Unit, Division of Chronic Disease Prevention, New York State Department of Health, Albany. Mary Ann Chiasson is with Public Health Solutions, New York, NY. Kirsten K. Davison is with the Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, - - 2013
Objectives. We tested the hypothesis that early enrollment in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC) is associated with a reduced risk of rapid infant weight gain (RIWG). Methods. We used a longitudinal cohort of mother-infant pairs (n = 157 590) enrolled in WIC in New York State from ...
Zahran Sammy S Sammy Zahran and Bruce G. Link are with the Department of Epidemiology, Columbia University, Mailman School of Public Health, New York, NY. Ian M. Breunig is with the Pharmaceutical Health Services Research Department University of Maryland, School of Pharmacy, Baltimore. Jeffrey G. Snodgrass is with the Department of Anthropology, and Stephan Weiler is with the Department of Economics, Colorado State University, Fort - - 2013
Objectives. We analyzed singleton births to determine the relationship between birth weight and altitude exposure. Methods. We analyzed 715 213 singleton births across 74 counties from the western states of Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, and Washington from January 1, 2000, to December 31, 2000. Birth ...
Ruiz T L TL 1] Health Fellows Program, Trinity College, Hartford, CT, USA [2] Clinical Trials Unit, Connecticut Children's Medical Center, Hartford, CT, USA [3] Division of Neonatology, Connecticut Children's Medical Center, Hartford, CT, - - 2013
Objective:The objective of this study was to compare hand-transcribed oxygen saturation (SpO2) with electronic oximeter data in very low birth weight infants (VLBWI, <1500 g).Study Design:Oximeter data were downloaded from birth through 36 weeks postmenstrual age (PMA) for VLBWI before and after interventions to improve neonatal intensive care unit oxygen management. ...
Elder Todd E TE Todd E. Elder, John H. Goddeeris, and Steven J. Haider are with the Department of Economics, Michigan State University, East Lansing. Nigel Paneth is with the Departments of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Michigan State - - 2013
Objectives. We examined how changes in demographic, geographic, and childbearing risk factors were related to changes in the Black-White infant mortality rate (IMR) gap over 2 decades. Methods. Using 1983-2004 Vital Statistics, we applied inverse probability weighting methods to examine the relationship between risk factors and 3 outcomes: the overall ...
Witt Whitney P WP At the time of the study, all authors were with the Department of Health Sciences, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, - - 2014
We sought to determine if and to what extent a woman's exposure to stressful life events prior to conception (PSLEs) were associated with subsequent infant birth weight by using a nationally representative sample of US women. We examined 9350 mothers and infants participating in the first wave of the Early ...
Giannì Maria Lorella ML 1Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Department of Clinical Science and Community Health, Fondazione IRCCS "Ca' Granda" Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, University of Milan, - - 2013
Background:Early feeding choices may affect long-term health outcomes. Therefore, understanding body composition changes in healthy breastfed infants has become an important research focus.Objectives:The aims of this review were to investigate the body composition changes that occur during weight loss in breastfed term newborns and to examine body composition differences between ...
Class Quetzal A - - 2013
Associations between low birth weight (≤2,500 g) and increased risk of mortality and morbidity provided the foundation for the "developmental origins of health and disease" hypothesis. Previous between-family studies could not control for unmeasured confounders. Therefore, we compared differentially exposed siblings to estimate the extent to which the associations were ...
Brownell Elizabeth A EA The Connecticut Human Milk Research Center, Division of Neonatology, Connecticut Children's Medical Center, Hartford, - - 2013
Objective The aim of this study is to construct a predictive model for very low birth weight (VLBW) infants' receipt of mother's own milk within 24 hours before neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) discharge. Study Design Vermont Oxford Network (VON) clinical data were analyzed retrospectively for VLBW infants admitted between 2002 and ...
Brown A A Department of Public Health and Policy Studies, College of Human and Health Sciences, Swansea University, Swansea, - - 2013
Nutrition during infancy may have a long-term impact upon weight gain and eating style. How infants are introduced to solid foods may be important. Traditionally, infants are introduced to solid foods via spoon-feeding of purees. However, baby-led weaning advocates allowing infants to self-feed foods in their whole form. Advocates suggest ...
Padilla Nelly N Department of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, (ICGON), Hospital Clínic, Universidad de Barcelona, C/Sabino de Arana 1, Helios III, 08028, Barcelona, Spain; Institut D'investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer (IDIBAPS), C/ Villarroel 170, 08036, Barcelona, Spain; Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Enfermedades Raras (CIBERER), Corporació Sanitària Clínic, C/ Villarroel 170, 08036, Barcelona, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2013
Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is associated with a high risk of abnormal neurodevelopment. Underlying neuroanatomical substrates are partially documented. We hypothesized that at 12 months preterm infants would evidence specific white-matter microstructure alterations and gray-matter differences induced by severe IUGR. Twenty preterm infants with IUGR (26-34 weeks of gestation) were ...
Basu Rupa R California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment, Air Pollution Epidemiology Section, Oakland, CA, USA. Electronic address: - - 2013
Relationships between prenatal exposure to fine particles (PM2.5) and birth weight have been observed previously. Few studies have investigated specific constituents of PM2.5, which may identify sources and major contributors of risk. We examined the effects of trimester and full gestational prenatal exposures to PM2.5 mass and 23 PM2.5 constituents ...
Leppänen Marika M Departments of - - 2013
OBJECTIVES:To study how antenatal growth affects cognitive outcome in very preterm infants and to determine whether there is an association between growth in any particular time period between birth and 5 years of age and cognitive outcome. Small for gestational age (SGA) and non-SGA infants were analyzed separately, because antenatal ...
Tantius Britta B Institute of Legal Medicine, University Hospital of Cologne, Melatenguertel 60/62, 50823 Cologne, - - 2014
When tried in court, mothers accused of neonaticide may claim that the umbilical cord just broke during birth and the newborn child bled to death accordingly. To evaluate the possibility of a breakage of the umbilical cord is the goal of this work. Therefore 25 umbilical cords from neonates of ...
Beker Friederike F Neonatal Intensive and Special Care, The Royal Women's Hospital, Parkville, Victoria, Australia; Newborn Intensive Care Unit, The Mercy Hospital for Women, Heidelberg, Victoria, - - 2013
To assess the effects of different nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) pressures on cardiac performance in preterm infants with minimal lung disease, we conducted a randomized, blinded crossover study. We studied infants between 28 and 34 weeks' corrected gestational age, treated with nCPAP of 5 cm H2O, in air. Infants ...
Lanzieri Tatiana M - - 2013
Abstract Aim: To assess the burden of congenital and perinatal cytomegalovirus (CMV) disease among infants hospitalized in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). Methods: CMV infection was defined as a report of positive CMV viral culture or polymerase chain reaction at any time since birth in an infant hospitalized in a ...
Padonou Géraud G Institut de recherche pour le développement (IRD) UMR216, Mère et enfant face aux infections tropicales, Paris, - - 2013
The aim of this study was to describe the contribution of prematurity and small for gestational age (SGA) to low birth weight (LBW) as well as to identify risk factors associated with preterm birth and SGA and to explore their impact on birth weight. A cross-sectional study was carried out ...
Borgi Aida A 1 PICU-Children's Hospital of Tunis, Tunis, - - 2013
Perforated Meckel's diverticulum (MD) in a preterm baby is very rare. We report a case of a very preterm baby, born at 29-week gestation, with a birth weight of 1400 g, admitted in the third hour of life to our intensive care unit (ICU) for respiratory distress syndrome with abdominal distention. ...
Kumarathasan P P Analytical Biochemistry and Proteomics Laboratory, Mechanistic Studies Division, Health Canada, Ottawa, ON, K1A 0K9Canada. Electronic address: - - 2013
There are reports linking maternal nutritional status, smoking and environmental chemical exposures to adverse pregnancy outcomes. However, biological bases for association between some of these factors and birth outcomes are yet to be established. The objective of this preliminary work is to test the capability of a new high-throughput shotgun ...
Markevych Iana I Helmholtz Zentrum München, German Research Centre for Environmental Health, Institute of Epidemiology I, Ingolstädter Landstr. 1, Neuherberg D-85764, Germany; Institute and Outpatient Clinic for Occupational, Social and Environmental Medicine, Inner City Clinic, University Hospital of Munich (LMU), Munich, - - 2013
We investigated the association between surrounding greenness at the mother's residential address at the time of delivery and birth weight in two German birth cohorts and explored potential underlying hypotheses. Complete data on 3203 newborns, recruited in Munich between 1996 and 1999, were available. Surrounding greenness was defined using the ...
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