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Crealey M - - 2014
The early post-ileostomy medical management of neonates is not clearly defined. A retrospective chart review of all infants who received an ileostomy March 2010-December 2011, identified the post-operative ileostomy progress of each infant. There were 16 cases of neonatal ileostomy during the study period. Over the first 14 postoperative days ...
Hazell Tom J TJ a Department of Kinesiology and Physical Education, University of Lethbridge, Lethbridge, AB T1K 3M4, - - 2014
Vitamin D status positively associates with skeletal muscle mass and function in adolescents. The C-3 alpha epimer of 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 (3-epi-25(OH)D3) is high in infants, yet the potential impacts of 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 (25(OH)D3) and 3-epi-25(OH)D3 on skeletal muscle development are largely unexplored. The objective of this study was (i) to ...
Varal Ipek Güney IG Uludağ University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, - - 2014
Gastro-esophageal reflux (GER) is one of the common problems of neonatal intensive care units. Although this condition does not always need to be treated, it occasionally causes clinically serious consequences. Initial management is medical; however, in some cases surgery might be required. A premature neonate with birth weight of 1370 ...
Gonçalves F C L S P FC Post-graduation Program in Child and Adolescent Health, Federal University of Pernambuco, Pernambuco, - - 2014
Background/objectives:Low birth weight (LBW) and rapid postnatal weight gain are associated with future high body adiposity; however, the cumulative effect of LBW and postnatal weight gain remains unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of body proportionality of LBW infants and postnatal weight gain on body mass ...
Eum Jin-Hee - - 2014
Manganese (Mn) is an essential trace element for humans and animals, but excess intake of Mn can lead to adverse developmental outcome. Few studies have investigated the effects of deficiency or excess of Mn on the human foetus. In this study, we assessed the quantitative relationship between maternal blood Mn ...
Juárez Sol P SP Centre for Economic Demography, Lund University, , Lund, - - 2014
Studies have shown that immigrants residing in Spain have lower risks of delivering low birthweight (LBW) and preterm babies despite their socioeconomic disadvantages (the healthy migrant paradox). However, less is known about other important perinatal outcomes derived from birth weight and gestational age such as macrosomia and post-term birth. This ...
Castrillio Stephanie M SM Division of Neonatology-#45, Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago, 225 E. Chicago Ave, Chicago, IL, 60611, USA, - - 2014
Small for gestational age (weight for gestational age <10th percentile, SGA) and preterm birth (<37 weeks, PTB) are the major determinants of infant mortality rates and racial disparities therein. To determine the generational inheritance patterns of SGA and PTB among non-Hispanic Whites and African-Americans. Stratified and multivariable binominal regression analyses were ...
Stubert Johannes - - 2014
Abstract Aims: To analyze the clinical differences between early- and late-onset cases of severe preeclampsia and to evaluate parameters that could help to predict perinatal outcome. Methods: Over a period of 6 years, all cases of severe preeclampsia (n=68) at our institution were included in a retrospective cohort analysis. Differences ...
Kwok Man Ki MK School of Public Health, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, - - 2014
To evaluate the credibility of twin status as an instrumental variable for birth weight and infant growth and to obtain less-confounded estimates of the associations of birth weight or infant growth with adolescent blood pressure (BP). Prospective population-based "Children of 1997" birth cohort of all surviving infants born in Hong ...
Aher Sanjay M SM Neonatology, Dr. Aher's Neocare Hospital, Near Tusakhre Lawns, Mumbai Naka, Nashik, Maharashtra, India, - - 2014
Low plasma levels of erythropoietin (EPO) in preterm infants provide a rationale for the use of EPO to prevent or treat anaemia. To assess the effectiveness and safety of late initiation of erythropoietin (EPO) between eight and 28 days after birth, in reducing the use of red blood cell (RBC) ...
Agay-Shay Keren K Centre for Research in Environmental Epidemiology (CREAL), Barcelona, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to evaluate the associations between proximity to green spaces and surrounding greenness and pregnancy outcomes, such as birth weight, low birth weight (LBW), very LBW (VLBW), gestational age, preterm deliveries (PTD) and very PTD (VPTD). This study was based on 39 132 singleton live ...
Sáenz de Pipaón Miguel M Department of Neonatology, Hospital Universitario La Paz, Madrid, - - 2014
Objective: To establish the determinants of weight, length and head circumference changes during their initial hospitalization in very-low-birth-weight preterm infants. Subjects/Methods: A prospective cohort study was performed. Weight z-score and percentage of target dietary intakes (TDIs) were prospectively determined daily during the first 5 weeks of life in a group ...
Shah Prakesh S - - 2014
The International Network for Evaluating Outcomes in Neonates (iNeo) is a collaboration of population-based national neonatal networks including Australia and New Zealand, Canada, Israel, Japan, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, and the UK. The aim of iNeo is to provide a platform for comparative evaluation of outcomes of very preterm and very ...
Quigley Maria M National Perinatal Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Old Road Campus, Oxford, UK, 0X3 - - 2014
When sufficient maternal breast milk is not available, alternative sources of enteral nutrition for preterm or low birth weight infants are donor breast milk or artificial formula. Donor breast milk may retain some of the non-nutritive benefits of maternal breast milk for preterm or low birth weight infants. However, feeding ...
Fenton Tanis R TR Alberta Children's Hospital Research Institute, Department of Community Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, - - 2014
The ideal quantity of dietary protein for formula-fed low birth weight infants is still a matter of debate. Protein intake must be sufficient to achieve normal growth without negative effects such as acidosis, uremia, and elevated levels of circulating amino acids. To determine whether higher (≥ 3.0 g/kg/d) versus lower ...
Karkee Rajendra R School of Public Health and Community Medicine, BP Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan, - - 2014
Many deliveries in low income countries still take place at home and the newborns are often not weighed. This community-based study ascertained the incidence of low birthweight (LBW) and compared the birthweight between home- and facility-born neonates in central Nepal. A total of 701 pregnant women from the Kaski district ...
Hansen Michèle M Telethon Kids Institute, University of Western Australia, Perth, - - 2014
Pooled odds ratios from meta-analyses of infants born following assisted reproductive technologies (ART) compared with non-ART singletons show increases in low birth weight, preterm birth, small for gestational age, and birth defects. Although there have been small reductions in recent data, odds associated with these outcomes are still higher for ...
Washburn Lisa K LK 1Department of Pediatrics, Wake Forest School of Medicine, - - 2014
Hypothesis/introduction:Preeclampsia is associated with alterations in the maternal renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS), increased blood pressure (BP), and cardiovascular risk in the offspring. We hypothesized that preeclampsia is associated with alterations in the RAAS in the offspring that persist into adolescence. We compared components of the circulating (n = 111) and renal ...
García-Muñoz Rodrigo Fermín F Servicio de Neonatología, Hospital Universitario Materno Infantil de Las Palmas, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
Controversy exists about the relationship between maternal inflammation and the development of different morbidities and mortality in the newborn. We aimed to establish the incidence of clinical chorioamnionitis in our Neonatal Intensive Care Unit and its relation to morbidity and mortality among very-low-birth-weight infants. This was an observational study of ...
Wilken Markus M Institute for Pediatric Feeding Tube Management and Weaning, Siegburg, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Low birth weight infants (LBW) are reported to be at risk for post-traumatic feeding disorder (PTFD). In this study, we evaluated the outcome of an intervention program for infants with PTFD. LBW infants with PTFD (N=21) completed feeding behavior questionnaires at entry and after completing the program and were compared ...
Brunner S S Else Kröner-Fresenius-Center for Nutritional Medicine, Klinikum rechts der Isar, Technische Universität München, Munich, - - 2014
Adipokines in breast milk have been associated with infant growth trajectories. We aimed to explore the relationship of leptin and adiponectin in breast milk with infant weight gain and body composition up to the age of 2 years. Breast milk samples were collected from exclusively or partially breastfeeding mothers at ...
Maheshwari Akhil A 1] Department of Pediatrics, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA [2] Department of Pediatrics, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL, - - 2014
Background:The goal was to identify cytokines associated with necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). Based on our earlier reports of decreased tissue expression of transforming growth factor (TGF)-β, we hypothesized that infants with NEC also have low blood TGF-β levels. We further hypothesized that because fetal inflammation increases the risk of NEC, infants ...
Esimai Olapeju Adefunke OA Obafemi Awolowo University, lle-lfe.. - - 2014
The study aimed to determine correlates of gestational weight gain and infant birth weight of pregnant women attending antenatal clinics in public primary health care facilities in lfe Central and East Local Government Areas of Osun State, Nigeria. Over 1000 women were recruited during booking and antenatal clinic and followed ...
Vandenplas Yvan Y Department of Pediatrics, UZ Brussel, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium, - - 2014
Guidelines recommend the use of extensively hydrolyzed cow's milk protein-based formulas (eHF) in the treatment of infants with cow's milk protein allergy (CMPA). Extensively hydrolyzed rice protein infant formula (eRHF) has recently become available and could offer a valid alternative. A prospective trial was performed to evaluate the hypo-allergenicity and ...
Bishnoi Ram N RN Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 1800 Orleans street M2328, Baltimore, MD, 21287, USA, - - 2014
This study aimed to assess the technical aspects of atrial septal defect (ASD) closure using the Amplatzer septal occluder (ASO) and the Gore Helex septal occluder (GHSO) for infants weighing less than 8 kg and to determine the safety, effectiveness, and near-to-intermediate-term outcome of the closure. The Mid-Atlantic Group of Interventional ...
Studer Jacqueline J Institute of Legal Medicine, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 190/52, 8057 Zurich, - - 2014
BACKGROUND:Failures in the regulation of the homeostatic water balance in the brain are associated with severe cerebral edema and increased brain weights and may also play an important role in the pathogenesis of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). We genotyped three single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the aquaporin-4 water channel ...
Johnson L L 1] Centre for Exercise, Nutrition and Health Sciences, School of Policy Studies, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK [2] Health Behaviour Research Centre, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, - - 2014
Objective:Infant growth trajectories, in terms of size, tempo and velocity, may program lifelong obesity risk. Timing of breastfeeding cessation and weaning are both implicated in rapid infant growth; we examined the association of both simultaneously with a range of growth parameters.Design:Longitudinal population-based twin birth cohortSubjects:The Gemini cohort provided data on ...
Sania Ayesha A Department of Global Health and Population, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, - - 2014
Objectives were to examine the growth patterns of preterm and growth-restricted infants and to evaluate the associations of prematurity and intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) with risk of stunting, wasting and underweight. Data from a cohort of HIV-negative pregnant women-infant pairs were collected prospectively in Tanzania. Small for gestational age [SGA, ...
Alkan Senem S Department of Neonatology, Tepecik Training and Research Hospital , Yenisehir, Izmir , - - 2014
Abstract Background: It is suggested that there may be expanded use of surfactant replacement for the neonatal diseases such as meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS), pneumonia and possibly bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). Objective: To evaluate the characteristics and short-term outcome of the neonates given exogenous surfactant because of the diseases other than ...
Siles Pascale P Department of Radiology, La Timone Children's Hospital, 264 rue Saint Pierre, 13005, Marseille, France, - - 2014
Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) could aid in the diagnosis of biliary atresia, a hepatic pathology with thin, irregular or interrupted biliary ducts. There is little published evidence of MRCP appearances in normal neonates and young infants. To assess the use of MR cholangiopancreatography in visualizing the biliary tree in neonates ...
Gishti Olta O The Generation R Study Group (Gishti, Gaillard, Heppe, Durmus, Jaddoe), Department of Pediatrics (Gishti, Gaillard, Heppe, Duijts, Jaddoe), Department of Epidemiology, (Gishti, Gaillard, Heppe, Hofman, Jaddoe), Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology (Steegers), Erasmus University Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands; Department of Radiology (Manniesing), Radboud University Nijmegen, Nijmegen, The Netherlands, Nutricia Research, Utrecht, The Netherlands (Abrahamse, Van der - - 2014
Context: Higher infant growth rates are associated with an increased risk of obesity in later life. Objective: We examined the associations of longitudinally measured fetal and infant growth patterns with total and abdominal fat distribution in childhood. Design, Settings and participants: We performed a population-based prospective cohort study among 6,464 ...
Singh Jyoti J Department of Pediatrics, Gandhi Memorial Hospital and Shyam Shah Medical College, Rewa, MP. India. Correspondence to: Dr HP Singh, Gandhi Memorial Hospital, and Shyam Shah Medical College, Rewa, MP. India. - - 2014
Primary: To determine the incidence of congenital malaria in a cohort of pregnant women in a hyper-endemic area of central India. Secondary: (1) To find out the placental weight and placental malaria positivity, and to assess fetal and neonatal outcome in terms of survival, mean hemoglobin and mean birth weight. ...
Ibrahim Thowfique K TK Correspondence to: Victor Samuel Rajadurai, Head of Department of Neonatology, KK Women's and Childrens Hospital, 100 Bukit Timah Road, Singapore 229899. - - 2014
Patent ductus arteriosus is very commonly seen in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants, affecting about one-third. The present review tries to identify the group of VLBW infants who need active intervention in day-to-day practice and to determine the mode of intervention, based on current published literatures. We searched the ...
Tibu Florin F University of - - 2014
Associations between low birth weight and prenatal anxiety and later psychopathology may arise from programming effects likely to be adaptive under some, but not other, environmental exposures and modified by sex differences. If physiological reactivity, which also confers vulnerability or resilience in an environment-dependent manner, is associated with birth weight ...
Meehan Sean S Division of Epidemiology & Public Health, School of Medicine, University of Nottingham, Clinical Sciences Building, City Hospital, Nottingham, - - 2014
Despite numerous studies reporting an elevated risk of infant mortality among women who are obese, the magnitude of the association is unclear. A systematic review and meta-analysis was undertaken to assess the association between maternal overweight or obesity and infant mortality. Four health care databases and gray literature sources were ...
Cernada María M Health Research Institute (Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria) La Fe, Valencia, - - 2014
Bacterial sepsis is associated with high morbidity and mortality in preterm infants. However, diagnosis of sepsis and identification of the causative agent remains challenging. Our aim was to determine genome-wide expression profiles of very low birth weight (VLBW) infants with and without bacterial sepsis and assess differences. This was a ...
Guo Huan H Yale School of Public Health, New Haven, CT 06510, USA; School of Public Health, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430030, Hubei, - - 2014
In utero exposure to organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) is thought to be potentially harmful to fetal development. We aimed to investigate the associations of maternal and cord serum OCPs levels with infant birth weight in China. In this study, we measured serum levels of 18 OCPs in 81 mother-infant pairs, including ...
Gunn Cameron Allan CA Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Canterbury, Private Bag, Christchurch, Canterbury 8140, New Zealand. Electronic address: - - 2014
Hyperglycaemia is a common complication of stress and prematurity in extremely low-birth-weight infants. Model-based insulin therapy protocols have the ability to safely improve glycaemic control for this group. Estimating non-insulin-mediated brain glucose uptake by the central nervous system in these models is typically done using population-based body weight models, which ...
Mehmood Akhter A King Abdulaziz Medical City, King Saud University for Health Sciences, Department of Cardiac Sciences, National Guard Hospital Health Affairs, - - 2014
Infants with low body weight (LBW) following cardiac surgery are a major challenge for the post cardiac surgery care unit. It has been observed that post surgery outcome for LBW infants is worse compared to the outcome of normal body weight infants. A study was conducted to compare post operative ...
Motta Mario M From the Neonatology and Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Children's Hospital of Brescia , Brescia , - - 2014
Objective: To assess the diagnostic and prognostic utility of CD64 expression as a marker of early-onset sepsis (EOS) in very low birth weight (VLBW) neonates. Methods: Neutrophil CD64 expression (CD64 index) was assessed in 129 VLBW neonates within 72 h after birth. The accuracy of the CD64 index in predicting ...
Fustiñana Carlos A CA Servicio de Neonatología, Hospital Italiano de Buenos - - 2014
Introduction. The WHO standards have been used as a gold standard for growth assessment in preterm infants since 1986. The introduction of the WHO standards in Argentina could improve detection of sub-optimal growth. Objective. To compare the proportion of growth retardation in terms of weight, body height and head circumference ...
Bancalari M Aldo A Unidad de Neonatologia, Servicio de Pediatría, Hospital Guillermo Grant - - 2014
Ophthalmological outcomes in a series ofchildrenwithretinopathy ofprematurity (ROP) in the threshold stage treated withintravitreal bevacizumab are reported. Twelve very low birth weight (VLBW) preterm infants who were administered intravitreal bevacizumab as monotherapy for retinopathy of prematurity in the threshold stage and in whom standard laser photocoagulationtherapy was contraindicatedwere evaluated. Ophthalmological ...
Ericson Jessica E JE aDuke Clinical Research Institute bDepartment of Pediatrics, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, - - 2014
Invasive candidiasis is a serious infection in hospitalized infants that results in significant mortality and morbidity. Fluconazole is approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for prophylaxis of invasive candidiasis in patients undergoing bone marrow transplantation but is not approved for use in infants. This review will describe the ...
Parker Ruslana R Neonatal Nurse Practitioner Program, University of Utah, and Evidence Based Practice Briefs, University of Utah, Salt Lake - - 2014
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a gastrointestinal emergency that leads to inflammation and intestinal necrosis. Although probiotics can decrease the incidence of NEC, consistent recommendations for probiotic administration to very low-birth-weight (VLBW) neonates are lacking. Here, the best available evidence is reviewed and a practice guideline for probiotic administrations to VLBW ...
Mines Daniel D HealthCore, Inc., Wilmington, DE, - - 2014
First marketed in the USA in 1996, topiramate (TPM) is an antiepileptic drug later approved for migraine prophylaxis, and in 2012 for weight loss in combination with phentermine. Some studies indicate an elevated prevalence of oral cleft (OC) in infants exposed to TPM in utero. We evaluated the association between ...
Schneider D D HELIOS Hospital Schwerin, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Schwerin, - - 2014
This communication presents precise percentile values for birth weight, birth length and cranial circumference of infants in Mecklenburg-Pomerania, Germany.Based on data from the German Perinatal Survey of the years 1994-2011 in Mecklenburg-Pomerania, the 3rd, 10th, 25th, 50th, 75th, 90th and 97th percentile values for birth weight, birth length and head ...
Sehested Line Thousig LT Børneafdelingen, Holbæk Sygehus, Smedelundsgade 60, 4300 Holbæk, Denmark. - - 2014
Intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) is the term describing a foetus that has not reached its genetic growth potential. There is no international consensus on the definition of IUGR. The aim of this study was to describe a cohort of weight-restricted neonates and their mothers focusing on risk factors, catch up ...
Roy Pritam P Post-Graduate Student, Department of Community Medicine, Lady Hardinge Medical College and Associated Hospitals, New Delhi, - - 2014
Literature reveals theories explaining low birth weight (LBW) babies' unplanned catch-up growth is related to several non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in adult-life. Is the current growth chart as per World Health Organization child growth standards of healthy breast feed infants and young child is applicable for even LBW or small for ...
Sayyahfar Shirin S Department of Pediatrics, Ali Asghar Children Hospital, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2014
Visceral leishmaniasis or kala-azar is an endemic parasitic disease in some parts of the world which is characterized by fever, splenomegaly, and pancytopenia in most of the cases. Herein we report an 11 month-old male infant with diagnosis of kala-azar who presented with pallor, hepatosplenomegaly, failure to gain weight, and ...
Przybyłowicz Katarzyna K Department of Human Nutrition, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, - - 2014
Background. Epidemiological research has identifi ed a relationship between maternal physical activity, early nutrition and infant birth weight with likelihood of developing future diseases. The aim of the study was to determine a relationship between gestational weight gain and physical activity during pregnancy to the nutritional status of newborns. Material ...
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