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Pettersson Erik E Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, - - 2014
Studies have found an association between low birth weight and ADHD, but the nature of this relation is unclear. First, it is uncertain whether birth weight is associated with both of the ADHD dimensions, inattentiveness and hyperactivity-impulsivity. Second, it remains uncertain whether the association between birth weight and ADHD symptom ...
Ersdal Hege Langli HL Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, andSAFER (Stavanger Acute medicine Foundation for Education and Research), Stavanger University Hospital, Norway; Departments ofHealth Studies, and - - 2014
Evolving data indicate that cord clamping (CC) beyond 30 to 60 seconds after birth is of benefit for all infants. Recent experimental data demonstrated that ventilation before CC improved cardiovascular stability by increasing pulmonary blood flow. The objective was to describe the relationship between time to CC, onset of spontaneous ...
Li Feng F Department of Children and Adolescents Health Care, MOE-Shanghai Key Laboratory of Children's Environmental Health, Xin Hua Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, - - 2014
Controversial results have been reported on the effect of type of feeding on the level of fecal calprotectin in infants. To assess fecal calprotectin levels in breast fed or nonbreast fed healthy infants. A study was conducted to compare fecal calprotectin in infants who were exclusively breastfed compared to those ...
Azad M B MB Pediatrics, University of Alberta, Edmonton, - - 2014
Background:Obesity has been associated with disruption of the gut microbiota, which is established during infancy and vulnerable to disruption by antibiotics.Objective:To investigate the association between early-life antibiotic exposure and subsequent development of overweight and central adiposity.Methods:Provincial healthcare records were linked to clinical and survey data from a Canadian longitudinal birth ...
Leante-Castellanos José Luis - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To assess the accuracy of lipopolysaccharide binding protein (LBP) for diagnosing late-onset neonatal sepsis (LONS) in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. Study design: Observational, prospective study. We assessed the diagnostic performance of LBP in 26 suspected LONS episodes among 54 patients. Proven and probable LONS episodes were ...
Patel A L AL Section of Neonatology, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL, - - 2014
Objective:Owing to a rise in necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC, stage ⩾2) among very low birth weight (VLBW, birth weight <1500 g) infants from 4% in 2005 to 2006 to 10% in 2007 to 2008, we developed and implemented quality improvement (QI) initiatives. The objective was to evaluate the impact of QI initiatives ...
Pariente G G Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Soroka University Medical Center, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To detect factors that are associated with MSAF among deliveries of SGA neonates and to identify perinatal outcomes of deliveries of SGA infants complicated with MSAF. Methods: A population-based study comparing deliveries of SGA neonates with and without MSAF was conducted. Deliveries occurred during the years1988- 2007 at ...
Nissen Karin Baekgaard KB HC Andersens Childrens' Hospital, Odense University Hospital, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of hypospadias over 24 years in a Danish population and to describe the relation to birth weight and associated major congenital anomalies. Population-based study of all cases (live births, fetal deaths and elective terminations of pregnancy) with hypospadias born in ...
Moraitis Alexandros A AA Departments of Obstetrics and Gynaecology and Public Health and Primary Care, University of Cambridge, and the National Institute for Health Research Cambridge Comprehensive Biomedical Research Centre, Cambridge, and the Institute of Health and Wellbeing, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, United - - 2014
To estimate the association between birth weight percentile and the risk of perinatal death at term in relation to the cause of death. We performed a retrospective cohort study of all term singleton births in delivery units in Scotland between 1992 and 2008 (n=784,576), excluding perinatal deaths ascribed to congenital ...
Chatterji Pinka P Economics, University at Albany-SUNY, Albany, NY, - - 2014
Research has shown that birth weight has a lasting impact on later-life outcomes such as educational attainment and earnings. This paper examines the role of health at birth in determining academic achievement in childhood, which may provide the link between birth weight and adult outcomes. Using three waves of the ...
Wei Daniel D Division of Neonatal Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Los Angeles County, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, - - 2014
Few studies have examined the role that small for gestational age (SGA) status plays in postoperative outcomes for low-birth-weight (LBW) infants with congenital heart disease (CHD). This study aimed to examine the effect of SGA status, gestational and chronologic age, and weight on differences in morbidities and mortalities during the ...
Swatesutipan Buranee B Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, - - 2014
Background: The recent newborn resuscitation guidelines have recommended that a pulse oximeter and oxygen blender be used to keep oxygen saturation (SpO2) within the target range. However, an oxygen blender and compressed air are not generally available in delivery rooms. Objectives: To determine whether using low-flow oxygen at 0.5-1 liters/min ...
Wang Lan-Wan LW Department of Pediatrics, Chi Mei Medical Center, Tainan, Taiwan, - - 2014
Background: Hypoxia/ischemia and inflammation are two major mechanisms for cerebral palsy (CP) in preterm infants. Objective: To investigate whether hypoxia/ischemia- and infection-related events in the perinatal and neonatal periods had cumulative effects on CP risk in very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) premature infants. Methods: From 1995 to 2005, 5,807 VLBW preterm infants admitted ...
Mallan Kimberley M KM Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia; School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate the factor structure of the Baby Eating Behaviour Questionnaire (BEBQ) in an Australian community sample of mother-infant dyads. A secondary aim was to explore the relationship between the BEBQ subscales and infant gender, weight and current feeding mode. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) ...
Frost Brandy L BL 1] Department of Pediatrics, NorthShore University HealthSystem, Evanston, IL, USA [2] University of Chicago Pritzker School of Medicine, Chicago, IL, - - 2014
Background:Feeding intolerance occurs commonly in the NICU. Breast milk contains a large pool of transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta). Few studies describe TGF-beta levels in preterm milk, and the relationship to feeding intolerance (FI) remains unexplored. We measured TGF-beta levels in preterm breast milk to investigate a correlation with FI in ...
Ventura A K AK Monell Chemical Senses Center, Philadelphia, PA, USA; Department of Nutrition Sciences, College of Nursing and Health Professions, Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA, - - 2014
Understanding the dynamics of feeding is essential for preventing accelerated weight gain during infancy, a risk factor for obesity. Because infants satiate on larger volumes of cow milk formula (CMF) than CMF enriched with the free amino acid glutamate (CMF + glu), we used this model system to determine whether infants displayed ...
Collins James W JW Division of Neonatology, Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago, 225 E. Chicago, Ave, Box #45, Chicago, IL, 60611, USA, - - 2014
To determine the age related patterns of low birth weight (<2,500 g, LBW) and small for gestational age (weight <10th percentile for gestational age, SGA) among former LBW and non-LBW White and African-American mothers. We performed stratified analyses on an Illinois transgenerational dataset of non-Latina White (n = 31,616) and African-American (n = 38,964) infants ...
Kamal M M MM Department of Reproduction, Obstetrics and Herd Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ghent University, Salisburylaan 133, 9820 Merelbeke, - - 2014
The objective of the present study was to evaluate environmental and dam factors associated with birth size of Holstein calves. Data of 1,594 births from dairy herds in Belgium and Germany were analyzed in a retrospective cross-sectional study. Immediately after birth, the birth weight of the calves was measured. On ...
Collins Matthew N MN From the Departments of Pathology - - 2014
The purpose is to identify demographic characteristics associated with a quantity not sufficient (QNS) sweat collection in infants 3 months or younger. History of premature birth, infant race and sex, gestational age at delivery, and weight of the infant were compared with QNS collection. Of 221 sweat collections from 197 ...
Xie Lijian L Department of Cardiology, Shanghai Children's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, West Beijing Road 1400-24, Shanghai 200040, PR - - 2014
Primary pulmonary vein stenosis (PVS) presenting in childhood is uncommon and is related to premature with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). Here we present a premature infant with primary PVS and without BPD. In our case, a 19-month-old girl was diagnosed with PVS, atrial septal defect and patent arterial duct by echocardiography ...
Hummler H H Department of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Division of Neonatology and Pediatric Critical Care, Ulm University Medical Center, Ulm, - - 2014
Supplemental oxygen is commonly provided during transition of neonates immediately after birth. Whereas an initial FiO2 of 0.21 is now recommended to stabilize full-term infants in the delivery room, the best FiO2 to start resuscitation of the very low birth weight infant (VLBWI) immediately after delivery is currently not known. ...
Panduru Mihaela - - 2014
Several studies examined the relationship between birth weight and atopic diseases, but no consensus has yet been reached regarding the results. The purpose of this paper was to perform a meta-analysis of the existing studies regarding the role of birth weight in the occurrence of atopic dermatitis. We carried out ...
Akinola Oluwarotimi Ireti - - 2014
Several maternity units in the developing world lack facilities for caesarean section and often have to transfer patients in extremis. This case controlled study aimed to appraise predictive factors for caesarean section. One hundred and fifty two consecutive women with singleton pregnancies who had caesarean section were studied. The next ...
Bandara T T Faculty of Medicine, University of Ruhuna, Galle, Sri - - 2014
Sri Lanka has made remarkable improvements in health, social and educational indices. However, child malnutrition exists as a significant health problem. Infant feeding indicators have not reached expected levels and improvements are partly constrained by a lack of data. The present study aimed to determine current infant feeding practices and ...
Zipursky Amy R AR University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2014
The association between maternal ethnicity and newborn weight is understood. Less is known about the additional influence of paternal ethnicity and neighbourhood ethnic composition. We studied 692 301 singleton live births of parents of Canadian, Bangladeshi, Sri Lankan, Pakistani, Indian, Filipino, Vietnamese, Korean, Hong Kong or Chinese birthplace. We used multivariable ...
Waruingi Wambui W Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, Case Western Reserve, Metrohealth Medical Center, 2500 Metrohealth Drive, Cleveland, OH, 44109, USA, - - 2014
Prematurity is the biggest contributor to admissions in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). The period following hospital discharge is a vital continuum for the very low birth weight (VLBW) infant. The objective of this study was to assess the impact of a unique discharge and follow-up process on the ...
Faria John J Department of Otolaryngology, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, New York, - - 2014
To compare the growth of infants with moderate to severe laryngomalacia who underwent supraglottoplasty to the growth of those treated with medical therapy alone. Case-control study of patients treated between 2008 and 2013. Tertiary care pediatric otolaryngology practice. Fifty-one infants newly diagnosed with moderate to severe congenital laryngomalacia. Seventeen infants ...
Getahun D D 1] Department of Research and Evaluation, Kaiser Permanente Southern California Medical Group, Pasadena, CA, USA [2] Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Rutgers-Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, New Brunswick, NJ, - - 2014
Objective:To examine trends for preterm births, stillbirths, neonatal and infant deaths in twin births by gestational age and birth weight categories, as well as trends in induction of labor and cesarean delivery during 1995-2006.Study design:A trend analysis was performed on data derived from the National Centers for Health Statistics' Vital ...
Sanguanklin Natthananporn - - 2014
To determine the effects of displacement due to flooding during pregnancy on birth outcomes (infant birth weight and gestational age) and the moderating effect of perceived social support on the relationship between displacement and birth outcomes. A descriptive, longitudinal study. A university-affiliated hospital in Pathum Thani, Thailand. Pregnant women (N ...
Lundgren Pia P Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, - - 2014
To investigate whether postnatal weight at first detection of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) can predict preterm infants who will develop severe ROP warranting treatment. This modern, population-based cohort included 147 infants born at gestational age (GA) <32 weeks in the Gothenburg region during 2011-2012 and screened for ROP at Sahlgrenska University ...
Abass Rihab M - - 2014
Low birth weight (LBW) is a worldwide health problem, especially in developing countries. We conducted a case-control study at Medani Hospital, Sudan. Cases were women who delivered a LBW (<2500 g) newborn and consecutive women who delivered a normal weight (>2500 g) newborn were controls. Questionnaires were used to collect ...
Santos Gabriela L GL Department of Physical Therapy, Universidade Federal de São Carlos, São Carlos, SP, - - 2014
Background: Infants with Down syndrome present with organic and neurological changes that may lead to a delay in the acquisition of motor skills such as kicking, a fundamental skill that is a precursor of gait and is influenced by intrinsic and extrinsic factors. Therefore, this movement should be taken into ...
Luechinger Simon S University of Lucerne and KOF Swiss Economic Institute, ETH Zurich, Switzerland. Electronic address: - - 2014
The paper estimates the effect of SO2 pollution on infant mortality in Germany, 1985-2003. To avoid endogeneity problems, I exploit the natural experiment created by the mandated desulfurization at power plants and power plants' location and prevailing wind directions, which together determine treatment intensity for counties. Estimates translate into an ...
Olmos Pablo R PR Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, College of Medicine, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Alameda, 340, Santiago, Chile; Department of Nutrition, College of Medicine, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Alameda, 340, Santiago, - - 2014
Infants born from overweight and obese mothers with glucose-controlled gestational diabetes (GDM) tend to be large-for-gestational age (LGA). It is hypothesized that this is due to an excessive rise in maternal triglyceride levels. Two-hundred and seventy nine singleton GDM pregnancies were divided into three groups according to prepregnancy BMI: normal ...
Engebretsen Ingunn Marie - - 2014
In this multi-country cluster-randomized behavioural intervention trial promoting exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) in Africa, we compared growth of infants up to 6 months of age living in communities where peer counsellors promoted EBF with growth in those infants living in control communities. A total of 82 clusters in Burkina Faso, Uganda ...
Aquilano Giulia - - 2014
Current literature provides limited data on the hemodynamic changes that may occur during bi-level continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) support in preterm infants. However, the application of a positive end-expiratory pressure may be transmitted to the heart and the great vessels resulting in changes of central blood flow. To assess ...
Chung Green C GC Department of Anthropology, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois, - - 2014
Leg length is the component of stature most sensitive to early life nutrition; as such, it provides an opportunity to retrospectively evaluate the relationship between a woman's infancy and early childhood nutrition and offspring birth weight (BW). Here we explore the relationship between maternal leg length and offspring BW in ...
Dixon Wallace E WE Jr Department of Psychology, East Tennessee State University, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Both researchers and primary care providers vary in their methods for assessing weight status in infants. The purpose of the present investigation was to compare standing-height-derived to recumbent-length-derived weight-for-length standardized (WLZ) scores, using the WHO growth curves, in a convenience sample of infants who visited the lab at 18 and ...
Bassols Judit J Department of Pediatrics, Dr. Josep Trueta Hospital, Girona, - - 2014
Background: SPROUTY2 (SPRY2) is a membrane-associated protein expressed by placental macrophages with regulatory roles in tissue growth and development. The SPRY2 locus was shown to be associated with body fat distribution and susceptibility to type 2 diabetes. Objectives: We assessed whether SPRY2 mRNA levels are related with maternal metabolic status ...
Yuan Q Q School of Women's and Children's Health, University of New South Wales, Randwick, NSW, - - 2014
Objective:A substantial number of children exposed to gestational opioids have neurodevelopmental, behavioral and cognitive problems. Opioids are not neuroteratogens but whether they affect the developing brain in more subtle ways (for example, volume loss) is unclear. We aimed to determine the feasibility of using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to assess ...
Rastogi Shantanu S Maimonides Medical Center, Pediatrics, 4802 Tenth Ave, Brooklyn, 11219 United - - 2014
Abstract Introduction: Impact of maternal obesity on full-term neonates is not known. Objective: We hypothesized increased incidence of neonatal morbidities requiring NICU admission in full-term neonates of obese women compared to neonates of normal-weight women. Methods: Data from full-term pregnancies collected in the Consortium of Safe Labor study were analyzed. ...
Carlsen Em E Department of Paediatrics, Hvidovre University Hospital, University of Copenhagen, Hvidovre, - - 2014
This study investigated if newborn body composition is influenced by pre-pregnancy obesity and gestational weight gain (GWG) and explored any associations between body composition and birth weight standard score (z-score), categorised by size for gestational age. We recruited 231 obese and 80 normal weight mothers and their newborn infants and ...
Nakanishi Keisuke K Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Juntendo University, School of Medicine, Tokyo, - - 2014
We report a successfully treated rare case of neonatal Ebstein anomaly in a low-birth-weight infant.
Wójkowska-Mach Jadwiga - - 2014
Late-Onset Bloodstream Infections (LO-BSI) continue to be one of the most important complications associated with hospitalization of infants born with very low birth weight (VLBW). The aims of this study were to assess the epidemiology of LO-BSI together with the risk factors and the distribution of causative pathogens at six ...
Fuchs A A Division of Clinical Pharmacology, Service of Biomedicine, Department of Laboratory, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois and University of Lausanne, Lausanne, - - 2014
This study aims to investigate the clinical and demographic factors influencing gentamicin pharmacokinetics in a large cohort of unselected premature and term newborns and to evaluate optimal regimens in this population. All gentamicin concentration data, along with clinical and demographic characteristics were retrieved from medical charts in a Neonatal Intensive ...
Fleming Paul F - - 2014
Infants born at 34+0 to 36+6 weeks gestation are defined as 'late preterm' infants. It is not clear whether these babies can be managed on the postnatal ward (PNW) or routinely need to be admitted to the neonatal unit after birth.Aim: To conduct a national survey of admission practice for ...
Morriss Frank H FH Jr Department of Pediatrics, University of Iowa, Iowa - - 2014
IMPORTANCE Reduced death and neurodevelopmental impairment among infants is a goal of perinatal medicine. OBJECTIVE To assess the association between surgery during the initial hospitalization and death or neurodevelopmental impairment of very low-birth-weight infants. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS A retrospective cohort analysis was conducted of patients enrolled in the National ...
Shloim Netalie N Institute of Psychological Sciences, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Maternal body mass index (BMI) is associated with negative body image and restrained eating which are experienced differently across cultures. The present study aimed to: 1) examine if self-esteem, eating behaviours and body satisfaction changed from early pregnancy to 2-6m after giving birth; 2) explore changes according to country (Israel ...
Strutz Kelly L KL At the time of the study, Kelly L. Strutz was with the Department of Maternal and Child Health, Gillings School of Global Public Health, and the Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Vijaya K. Hogan, Carolyn Tucker Halpern, and Jon M. Hussey are with the Department of Maternal and Child Health, Anna Maria Siega-Riz is with the Department of Epidemiology and Department of Nutrition, and Chirayath M. Suchindran is with the Department of Biostatistics, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Anna Maria Siega-Riz, Chirayath M. Suchindran, Carolyn Tucker Halpern, and Jon M. Hussey are also with the Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel - - 2014
Objectives. We examined the impact of preconception acute and chronic stressors on offspring birth weight and racial/ethnic birth weight disparities. Methods. We included birth weights for singleton live first (n = 3512) and second (n = 1901) births to White, Mexican-origin Latina, other-origin Latina, and Black women reported at wave IV of the National ...
Ndikom Chizoma M CM Department of Nursing, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, - - 2014
Breastfeeding is known to be the biological norm. Despite this, many women wean their babies because of perceived insufficient breast milk production. Mothers are sometimes advised to increase their fluid intake in the hope that this could improve breast milk production. The effect of extra fluid on human breast milk ...
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