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Itabashi Kazuo K Department of Pediatrics, Showa University School of Medicine, Tokyo, - - 2014
More than 10 years have passed since the previous Japanese neonatal growth charts were published. Therefore, we aimed to develop an updated set of Japanese neonatal growth charts. We used data from the registry database of the Japan Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology from 2003 until 2005. We enrolled 150,471 ...
Weber Martina M Division of Metabolic and Nutritional Medicine, Dr. von Hauner Children's Hospital, University of Munich Medical Centre, Munich, Germany (MW, VG, and BK); the Paediatrics Research Unit, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Reus, Spain (RC-M and JE); Centre Hospitalier Chrétien St Vincent, Liège-Rocourt, Belgium (J-PL); the Department of Paediatrics, University Children's Hospital Queen Fabiola, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, Belgium (ED); the Department of Paediatrics, San Paolo Hospital, University of Milan, Milan, Italy (MG and EV); the Children's Memorial Health Institute, Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Warsaw, Poland (DG); and the Children's Memorial Health Institute, Department of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Eating Disorders, Warsaw, Poland - - 2014
Early nutrition is recognized as a target for the effective prevention of childhood obesity. Protein intake was associated with more rapid weight gain during infancy-a known risk factor for later obesity. We tested whether the reduction of protein in infant formula reduces body mass index (BMI; in kg/m(2)) and the ...
Estampador Angela C AC Genetic and Molecular Epidemiology Unit, Department of Clinical Sciences, Skåne University Hospital, Lund University, Malmö, - - 2014
OBJECTIVETo investigate associations of maternal gestational weight gain and body composition and their impact on offspring body composition and adipocytokine, glucose, and insulin concentrations at age 4 months.RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODSThis was a prospective study including 31 mother-infant pairs (N = 62). Maternal body composition was assessed using doubly labeled ...
Yang Qing Q Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Wake Forest University Health Science, Winston-Salem, NC. Electronic address: - - 2014
To test the hypothesis that early enteral supplementing fat and fish oil decreases the duration of parenteral nutrition (PN) and increases enteral nutrition (EN) before bowel reanastomosis in premature infants with an enterostomy. Premature infants (<2 months old) who had an enterostomy and tolerated enteral feeding at 20 mL/kg/day were randomized to usual ...
Cuna Alain - - 2014
B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) is a strong predictor of mortality in adult patients with various forms of pulmonary hypertension (PH) and may be a strong prognostic marker in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) associated PH as well. We sought to assess the relationship between BNP ...
Kim Eunjeong E Department of Preventive Medicine, Ewha Medical Research Center, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, South - - 2014
Previous studies have suggested adverse effects of maternal exposure to air pollution on neurodevelopment in early childhood. We aimed to investigate the association between prenatal exposure to particulates of less than 10μm in diameter (PM10) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and neurodevelopment in children during the first 24months of their lives. ...
Hasegawa Hisaya H Division of Neonatal Intensive Care, Tokyo Women's Medical University Medical Center East, Tokyo, - - 2014
We report a case of a very low birth weight infant treated successfully with tracheoplasty using the thymus against tracheo-esophageal fistula due to necrotizing tracheobronchitis. A baby boy was born at 31 weeks gestation with a birth body weight of 1,230 g. Suddenly on Day 19, his respiration deteriorated, and a ...
Trevisanuto Daniele D Children and Women's Health Department, Medical School University of Padua Azienda Ospedaliera Padova, 35128, Padua, - - 2014
To evaluate any geographical variations in practice and adherence to international guidelines for early delivery room management of extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants in the North, Centre and South of Italy. A questionnaire was sent to all 107 directors of Italian level III centres between April and August 2012. ...
Arvas Ahmet A Department of Pediatrics, Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty, Istanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey, - - 2014
Anemia is a widespread public health problem associated with an increased risk of morbidity and mortality. This study was undertaken to determine the cut-off value of hemoglobin for infant anemia. A cross-sectional retrospective study was carried out at well-baby clinics of a tertiary care hospital. A total of 1484 healthy ...
Islam M Munirul MM Centre for Nutrition and Food Security, International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh, Dhaka, - - 2014
Information is needed on breast milk (BM) zinc concentration and amount of zinc transferred to the infant in relation to the time since birth for both appropriate-for-gestational-age (AGA) and small-for-gestational-age (SGA) infants. BM zinc concentration and total milk volume were measured among mothers of AGA and SGA infants, using deuterium ...
Bera Alpanamayi A Howrah District Hospital and Researcher, Dept. Of Neonatology, IPGME&R and SSKM Hospital, Kolkata, 700020, - - 2014
Kangaroo mother care (KMC) is a non-conventional low cost method of newborn care. Our aim was to assess the effect of sustained KMC on the growth and development of low birth weight Indian babies up to the age of 12 months. We enrolled 500 mother and baby pairs, in groups ...
Wirth Kathleen E KE Harvard School of Public Health Northern Inter-Tribal Health Authority, Prince Albert, Saskatchewan, Canada Botswana-Harvard School of Public Health AIDS Initiative Partnership for HIV Research and Education, Gaborone, Botswana Botswana Ministry of Health Departments of Internal Medicine and Pediatrics, Massachusetts General Hospital Botswana-Harvard School of Public Health AIDS Initiative Partnership for HIV Research and Education, Gaborone, Botswana Botswana-Harvard School of Public Health AIDS Initiative Partnership for HIV Research and Education, Gaborone, Botswana Department of Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Harvard School of Public Health, Division of Infectious Diseases, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center Division of Infectious Diseases, Brigham and Women's Hospital; Department of Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Harvard School of Public - - 2014
: Existing devices for early infant male circumcision (EIMC) have inherent limitations. We evaluated the newly developed AccuCirc device by circumcising 151 clinically well, full-term male infants with birth-weight ≥ 2.5 kg within the first 10 days of life from a convenience sample in two hospitals in Botswana. No major ...
Derienzo Chris C Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine, Duke University Hospital, Durham, NC, United States; Jean and George Brumley, Jr., Neonatal-Perinatal Research Institute, Duke University Hospital, Durham, NC, United - - 2014
The objective of this study is to determine the incidence of and risk factors for necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) and transfusion-associated NEC (TANEC) in very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants pre/post implementation of a peri-transfusion feeding protocol. A retrospective cohort study was conducted including all inborn VLBW infants admitted to the Duke intensive care ...
Vafeiadi Marina M From the aCentre for Research in Environmental Epidemiology (CREAL), Barcelona, Spain; bMunicipal Institute of Medical Research (IMIM-Hospital del Mar), Barcelona, Spain; cCIBER Epidemiología y SaludPública (CIBERESP), Barcelona, Spain; dParc de Salut Mar, Obstetrics and Gynecology Department, Barcelona, Spain; eNational Institute of Health and Medical Research (INSERM), Team of Environmental Epidemiology Applied to Reproduction and Respiratory Health, Institute Albert Bonniot, Grenoble, France; fBiodetection Systems B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands; gDepartment of Social Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Crete, Heraklion, Greece; hCentre for Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Leeds Institute of Genetics, Health and Therapeutics, University of Leeds, Leeds, United Kingdom; iBradford Institute for Health Research, Bradford Royal Infirmary, Bradford, United Kingdom; jSection of Environmental Health, Department of Public Health, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark; kFaculty of Health and Life sciences, Pompeu Fabra University, Barcelona, Spain; lDepartment of Pediatrics, Obstetrics and Gynecology and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Autonomous University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain; mDepartment of Chemicals and Radiation, Division of Environmental Medicine, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway; nDepartment of Food, Water and Cosmetics, Division of Environmental Medicine, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway; oDepartment of Cancer Research and Molecular Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway; pInstitute of Biological Research and Biotechnology, National Hellenic Research Foundation, Athens, Greece; qDepartment of Biosciences and Nutrition, Unit of Molecular Epidemiology, Karolinska Institute, Huddinge, Sweden; rEpidemiology, Biostatistics, and Clinical Trials, IRCCS AOU San Martino-IST-Istituto Nazionale per la Ricerca sul Cancro, Genoa, Italy; - - 2014
Maternal exposure to dioxins and dioxin-like compounds may affect fetal growth and development. We evaluated the association between in utero dioxin-like activity and birth outcomes in a prospective European mother-child study. We measured dioxin-like activity in maternal and cord blood plasma samples collected at delivery using the Dioxin-Responsive Chemically Activated ...
Maypole-Keenan Coty M CM Division of Epidemiology, Human Genetics, and Environmental Sciences, University of Texas School of Public Health, 1200 Hermann Pressler, RAS-W1028, Houston, TX, 77030, - - 2014
Few studies have examined associations between polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and birth outcomes, and no studies have been conducted in El Paso County Texas, along the United States-Mexico border. Infants born from 2005-2007 to Hispanic mothers with a birth weight less than the 10th percentile for gestational age and sex ...
- - 2014
Yang S, Lee BS, Park HW, Choi YS, Chung SH, Kim JH, Kim EA, Kim KS. Effect of high vs standard early parenteral amino acid supplementation on the growth outcomes in very low birth weight infants. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2013;37:327-334. (Original DOI: 10.1177/0148607112456400).
Koklu Esad - - 2014
Preterm infants, born with immature innate immunity, are less likely to develop anaphylaxis. Fluconazole prophylaxis during the first six weeks of life decreases invasive candidiasis in very low birth weight infants. Adverse effects of fluconazole are very rare. In this study, we report a newborn (a male, 26 weeks gestation ...
Moltu Sissel J SJ *Department of Nutrition, University of Oslo †Oslo University Hospital HF, Rikshospitalet ‡Akershus University Hospital and Faculty Division AHUS, Institute for Clinical Medicine §Oslo University Hospital HF, Ullevål ||Department of Biostatistics, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, University of Oslo ¶Atlantis Medical University College, Oslo, - - 2014
The aim of the present study was to determine whether an increased supply of energy, protein, essential fatty acids, and vitamin A reduces postnatal growth failure in very-low-birth-weight infants. Fifty infants with birth weight <1500 g were randomized to an intervention (nā€Š=ā€Š24) or a control (nā€Š=ā€Š26) feeding protocol within 24 ...
Mohamed Gamal B GB Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Al-Minya University, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to determine the incidence and risk factors of nephrocalcinosis (NC) in pre-term neonates in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) at the Al-Minya University, Egypt. The study included 97 pre-term neonates with a gestational age 34 weeks. Data on duration of hospitalization, sex, gestation, ...
Chan Kin Wai Edwin KW Department of Surgery, Division of Paediatric Surgery and Paediatric Urology, The Prince of Wales Hospital, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
Anorectal malformation (ARM) in newborns with no fistula at presentation resembles intestinal obstruction. The aim of this study is to study the factors associated with bowel perforation in this group of patients. From 2000 to 2012, 106 newborns with ARM were managed in our hospital. Thirty neonates without fistula at ...
F Neto Pedro Garcia PG Faculdade de Medicina, USP, Sao Paulo, SP, - - 2014
Objective: To describe the eruption chronology of the first deciduous teeth in premature infants with birth weight less than 1500g and to compare it according to gender and nutritional status at birth. Methods: Longitudinal study including 40 low birth weight premature infants of both genders. The tooth was considered erupted ...
Freitas Renata Germano B O N RG Faculdade de Ciencias Medicas, Unicamp, Campinas, SP, - - 2014
Objective: This study aimed to review the literature about blood concentrations of selenium associated with gestational age, feeding, supplementation and related clinical features in preterm infants. Data sources: Systematic review in the following databases: MEDLINE, PubMed, Google academics, SciELO. org, ScienceDirect (Elsevier) and CINAHL-Plus with Full Text (EBSCO). Articles published ...
Phillips Amy M - - 2014
The incidence of macrosomia in Arkansas was relatively unchanged from 2004 to 2010 with the incidence being 7.7%. Some risk factors identified through the analysis of hospital discharge data include male fetus, gestational age, maternal weight gain during pregnancy, and pregestational and gestational diabetes.
Bergström Anders A Technical University of Denmark, National Food Institute, - - 2014
Fecal samples were obtained from a cohort of 330 healthy Danish infants at 9, 18 and 36 months after birth, enabling characterization of interbacterial relationships by use of quantitative PCR targeting 31 selected bacterial 16S rRNA gene targets representing different phylogenetic levels. Nutritional parameters and measures of growth and body ...
Luo Zhong-Cheng ZC Ministry of Education-Shanghai Key Laboratory of Children's Environmental Health, Xinhua Hospital, Shanghai Jiao-Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Sainte-Justine Hospital, University of Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
Second-born twins on average weigh less than first-born twins, and have been reported at an elevated risk of perinatal mortality. Whether the risk differences depend on their relative birth size is unknown. The present study aimed to evaluate the association of birth order with perinatal mortality by birth order-specific weight ...
Porcelli Peter J PJ *Department of Pediatrics, Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, NC †Department of Biomedical Informatics, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, - - 2014
Postnatal infant weight curves are used to assess fluid management and evaluate postnatal nutrition and growth. Traditionally, postnatal weight curves are based on birth weight and do not incorporate postnatal clinical information. compare the accuracy of birth weight based weight curves to weight curves created from individual patient records, including ...
Shankaran Seetha S Department of Pediatrics, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, MI. Electronic address: - - 2014
To determine whether risk factors associated with grade 2-4 intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) differs between infants of African ancestry and white infants. Inborn, appropriate for gestational age infants with birth weight 500-1250 g and exposure to at least 1 dose of antenatal steroids were enrolled in 24 neonatal intensive care units. Cases ...
Stefanelli Sergio S Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, National Women's Health, Auckland City Hospital, Auckland, New - - 2014
To compare the accuracy of estimated fetal weight (EFW) in extremely preterm small for gestational age (SGA) and appropriate for gestational age (AGA) infants and report other significant factors influencing the accuracy of EFW. A retrospective cohort study of singleton pregnancies 22(+0) -27(+6)  weeks. Women were included in the study ...
Mitrova Katarina K Department of Paediatrics, 2nd Faculty of Medicine and University Hospital Motol, Charles University in Prague, Prague, Czech - - 2014
To develop and validate high-sensitive (hs) ELISA method for detection of adipophilin (adipose differentiation-related protein, ADRP) in human breast milk (BM) and to analyze adipophilin levels in BM during 12 months of lactation. ADRP levels were determined using hsELISA method (Biovendor-Laboratory Medicine, Inc.) in colostrum (D0) and BM of 72 mothers ...
Gould Jeffrey B JB Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatal and Developmental Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, - - 2014
Maternal obesity is a major source of preventable perinatal morbidity, but studies of the relationship between obesity and preterm birth have been inconsistent. This review looks at two major studies covering just under 3.5 million births, from California, USA, and Sweden. Conclusions. Inconsistent findings in previous studies appear to stem ...
Gale Christopher C Section of Neonatal Medicine, Chelsea and Westminster Hospital Campus, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom (CG, SJ, KML, JRCP, SU, SS, and NM); the Metabolic and Molecular Imaging Group, Medical Research Council Clinical Sciences Centre, Hammersmith Campus, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom (ELT and JDB); and the Robert Steiner MRI Unit, Hammersmith Campus, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom - - 2014
The effect of mode of infant feeding on adiposity deposition is not fully understood. The objective was to test the hypothesis that differences in total and regional adipose tissue content and intrahepatocellular lipid (IHCL) arise in early infancy between breast- and formula-fed infants and to describe longitudinal changes. This prospective ...
Pierce Leslie M LM Division of Newborn Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Kravis Children's Hospital, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, - - 2014
To determine whether birth weight less than 1,500 grams is a relevant guideline indicating the need for examination for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) when gestational age at birth is 30 or more completed weeks. A retrospective observational cohort study. 266 infants in a single institutional neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), ...
Lee Juyoung J Department of Pediatrics, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of - - 2014
For premature infants with advanced acute abdomen, creating a temporary enterostomy is believed to be an appropriate surgical management. However, there is no consensus regarding the timing of enterostomy reversal. The aim of this study was to determine the optimal timing for enterostomy closure (EC) by analyzing EC-related complications. This ...
Norris Tom T Centre for Global Health and Human Development, School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences, Loughborough University , Loughborough , UK - - 2014
Abstract Background: Attempts to explain the increased risk for metabolic disorders observed in South Asians have focused on the "South Asian" phenotype at birth and subsequent post-natal growth, with little research on pre-natal growth. Aim: To identify whether divergent growth patterns exist for foetal weight, head (HC) and abdominal circumferences ...
Anderson Sarah E - - 2014
Poor quality relationships between mothers and toddlers have been associated with higher risk for childhood obesity, but few prospective studies of obesity have assessed maternal-child relationship quality in infancy. In addition it is not known whether the increased risk is associated with the mother's or the child's contribution to the ...
Kramer Caroline K CK Leadership Sinai Centre for Diabetes, Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, ON, Canada; Division of Endocrinology, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, - - 2014
Rapid weight gain in the first 3 months of life has been associated with an unfavourable cardio-metabolic phenotype in adulthood. However, little is known about the antepartum determinants of this rapid weight gain, which may reflect key developmental exposures that program metabolic pathways. Thus, we sought to characterize the antepartum determinants ...
Fairchild K D KD Department of Pediatrics, University of Virginia School of Medicine, Charlottesville, VA, - - 2014
Objective:Brain injury in preterm infants may lead to an inflammatory response and central nervous system dysfunction reflected by abnormal heart rate characteristics (HRC). We hypothesized that a continuously monitored HRC index reflecting reduced HR variability and decelerations correlates with abnormal neuroimaging and outcomes in extremely low birth weight infants (ELBW).Study ...
Engel Stephanie M - - 2014
Although epigenetic regulation plays a critical role in embryonic development, few studies have examined the relationship of epigenome-wide methylation with fetal growth. Using the Infinium HumanMethylation450 BeadChip (Illumina, Inc., San Diego, California) in a substudy of 1,046 infants from the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study (MoBa) enrolled between 1999 ...
Salihu Hamisu M HM Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, College of Public Health, University of South Florida, 13201 Bruce B. Downs, MDC56, Tampa, FL, 33612, USA, - - 2014
The absence of fathers during pregnancy increases the risk of feto-infant morbidities, including low birth weight (LBW), preterm birth (PTB), and small-for-gestational age. Previous research has shown that the Central Hillsborough Healthy Start project (CHHS)-a federally funded initiative in Tampa, Florida-has improved birth outcomes. This study explores the effectiveness of ...
Tennekoon Kamani H KH Institute of Biochemistry, Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, University of Colombo, Colombo, Sri - - 2014
Background: Leptin and insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) promote fetal growth. Their availability is modulated by soluble leptin receptor (SLR) and insulin-like growth factor-binding proteins (IGFBP). Studies that accounted for SLR levels when investigating the association of leptin, IGF-I and IGFBPs on birth indices are scarce. Methods: Cord blood leptin, SLR, ...
Allvin K K Gothenburg Pediatric Growth Research Center (GP-GRC), Institute of Clinical Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg and The Queen Silvia Children's Hospital, Gothenburg, - - 2014
To find predictors of abnormal retinal vascularisation in moderately to late preterm newborn infants considered to have no risk of developing retinopathy of prematurity. Seventy-eight infants (34 girls) were recruited from a longitudinal study of otherwise healthy premature children born at a gestational age of 32+0-36+6 weeks. Retinal vessel morphology ...
Böhler Thomas T Medical Service of Statutory Health Insurance in Baden-Württemberg , Karlsruhe, - - 2014
In preterm infants with very low birth weight (VLBW) <1500 g the most important acquired intestinal diseases are necrotising enterocolitis (NEC) and focal intestinal perforation (FIP). We analyzed data of the neonatology module of national external comparative quality assurance for inpatients in the state of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. Between 2010 and ...
Fuster Vicente V * Department of Zoology and Physical Anthropology, Faculty of Biology, Complutense University of Madrid, - - 2014
Summary The geographic and demographic dimensions of Spain, in terms of surface and number of inhabitants, and its heterogeneous socioeconomic development offer an adequate opportunity to study the provincial differences in birth weight from 1996 to 2010, focusing on possible factors determining the relative frequency of low birth weight. The ...
Wang Guoying G Department of Population, Family and Reproductive Health, Center on Early Life Origins of Disease, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, - - 2014
Although previous reports have linked preterm birth with insulin resistance in children and adults, it is not known whether altered insulin homeostasis is detectable at birth and tracks from birth through childhood. To investigate whether preterm birth is associated with elevated plasma insulin levels at birth and whether this association ...
Sahingöz Mine M From the *Department of Psychiatry, University of Necmettin Erbakan, Meram Faculty of Medicine, Konya; †Department of Psychiatry, Bakirkoy Research and Training Hospital, Istanbul; and Departments of ‡Psychiatry and §Neonatology, University of Selcuk, Faculty of Medicine, Konya, - - 2014
It is unclear whether antidepressant treatment has a preventive effect on negative neonatal outcomes due to major depression in pregnant women. The objective of the present study was to compare women with major depression treated with antidepressants, untreated women with major depression, and healthy women during pregnancy with respect to ...
Tashiro Jun J Division of Pediatric Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, - - 2014
Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is a condition that commonly affects premature and low birth weight (BW) infants at times necessitating surgical intervention. We examined outcomes after surgical ligation (SL). We analyzed the Kids' Inpatient Database for premature infants diagnosed with PDA, admitted at <8 d of age. Patient demographics, disposition, morbidity, ...
Rogers Samantha L SL School of Psychology, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK, B15 - - 2014
Context: Low birth weight is associated with adverse metabolic outcome in adulthood. Exposure to glucocorticoid excess in utero is associated with decreased birth weight, but the prospective longitudinal relationship between glucocorticoid (GC) metabolism and growth has not been examined. Objective: We have hypothesised that changes in glucocorticoid metabolism leading to ...
Vassallo Paula Frizera PF Aix-Marseille Universite, Inserm, VRCM, UMR_S 1076, Marseille, - - 2014
Epidemiological and experimental studies indicate that early vascular dysfunction occurs in low birth weight subjects, especially preterm infants (PT). We recently reported impaired angiogenic activity of endothelial colony forming cells (ECFCs) in this condition. We hypothesized that ECFCs dysfunction in PT might result from premature senescence and investigated the underlying ...
Granado-Lorencio F F Unidad de Vitaminas, Hospital Universitario Puerta de Hierro, Majadahonda, Madrid; Servicio de Bioquímica Clínica, Hospital Universitario Puerta de Hierro, Majadahonda, Madrid. Electronic address: - - 2014
We aim to determine 3-epi-25-OH-D3 in 155 leftover infant samples (<12months) and its relationship with demographic, anthropometric and biochemical markers. Samples were randomly collected and assessed for 3-epi-25-OH-D3 by HPLC. Biochemical data were recorded, if available, including C-reactive protein, calcium, liver and renal markers. Season of birth, gestational age (pre-term ...
Catalano Ralph R School of Public Health, 50 University Hall #7360, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Much medical literature attributes persistently high rates of very low birthweight (VLBW) to "dysregulated" gestation. We offer the alternative view that natural selection conserved well-regulated, though nonconscious, decisional biology that protects the reproductive fitness of women by spontaneously aborting gestations that would otherwise yield frail infants, particularly small males. Modern ...
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