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Engebretsen Ingunn Marie - - 2014
In this multi-country cluster-randomized behavioural intervention trial promoting exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) in Africa, we compared growth of infants up to 6 months of age living in communities where peer counsellors promoted EBF with growth in those infants living in control communities. A total of 82 clusters in Burkina Faso, Uganda ...
Chung Green C GC Department of Anthropology, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois, - - 2014
Leg length is the component of stature most sensitive to early life nutrition; as such, it provides an opportunity to retrospectively evaluate the relationship between a woman's infancy and early childhood nutrition and offspring birth weight (BW). Here we explore the relationship between maternal leg length and offspring BW in ...
Dixon Wallace E WE Jr Department of Psychology, East Tennessee State University, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Both researchers and primary care providers vary in their methods for assessing weight status in infants. The purpose of the present investigation was to compare standing-height-derived to recumbent-length-derived weight-for-length standardized (WLZ) scores, using the WHO growth curves, in a convenience sample of infants who visited the lab at 18 and ...
Bassols Judit J Department of Pediatrics, Dr. Josep Trueta Hospital, Girona, - - 2014
Background: SPROUTY2 (SPRY2) is a membrane-associated protein expressed by placental macrophages with regulatory roles in tissue growth and development. The SPRY2 locus was shown to be associated with body fat distribution and susceptibility to type 2 diabetes. Objectives: We assessed whether SPRY2 mRNA levels are related with maternal metabolic status ...
Yuan Q Q School of Women's and Children's Health, University of New South Wales, Randwick, NSW, - - 2014
Objective:A substantial number of children exposed to gestational opioids have neurodevelopmental, behavioral and cognitive problems. Opioids are not neuroteratogens but whether they affect the developing brain in more subtle ways (for example, volume loss) is unclear. We aimed to determine the feasibility of using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to assess ...
Rastogi Shantanu S Maimonides Medical Center, Pediatrics, 4802 Tenth Ave, Brooklyn, 11219 United - - 2014
Abstract Introduction: Impact of maternal obesity on full-term neonates is not known. Objective: We hypothesized increased incidence of neonatal morbidities requiring NICU admission in full-term neonates of obese women compared to neonates of normal-weight women. Methods: Data from full-term pregnancies collected in the Consortium of Safe Labor study were analyzed. ...
Carlsen Em E Department of Paediatrics, Hvidovre University Hospital, University of Copenhagen, Hvidovre, - - 2014
This study investigated if newborn body composition is influenced by pre-pregnancy obesity and gestational weight gain (GWG) and explored any associations between body composition and birth weight standard score (z-score), categorised by size for gestational age. We recruited 231 obese and 80 normal weight mothers and their newborn infants and ...
Nakanishi Keisuke K Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Juntendo University, School of Medicine, Tokyo, - - 2014
We report a successfully treated rare case of neonatal Ebstein anomaly in a low-birth-weight infant.
Wójkowska-Mach Jadwiga - - 2014
Late-Onset Bloodstream Infections (LO-BSI) continue to be one of the most important complications associated with hospitalization of infants born with very low birth weight (VLBW). The aims of this study were to assess the epidemiology of LO-BSI together with the risk factors and the distribution of causative pathogens at six ...
Fuchs A A Division of Clinical Pharmacology, Service of Biomedicine, Department of Laboratory, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois and University of Lausanne, Lausanne, - - 2014
This study aims to investigate the clinical and demographic factors influencing gentamicin pharmacokinetics in a large cohort of unselected premature and term newborns and to evaluate optimal regimens in this population. All gentamicin concentration data, along with clinical and demographic characteristics were retrieved from medical charts in a Neonatal Intensive ...
Fleming Paul F - - 2014
Infants born at 34+0 to 36+6 weeks gestation are defined as 'late preterm' infants. It is not clear whether these babies can be managed on the postnatal ward (PNW) or routinely need to be admitted to the neonatal unit after birth.Aim: To conduct a national survey of admission practice for ...
Morriss Frank H FH Jr Department of Pediatrics, University of Iowa, Iowa - - 2014
IMPORTANCE Reduced death and neurodevelopmental impairment among infants is a goal of perinatal medicine. OBJECTIVE To assess the association between surgery during the initial hospitalization and death or neurodevelopmental impairment of very low-birth-weight infants. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS A retrospective cohort analysis was conducted of patients enrolled in the National ...
Shloim Netalie N Institute of Psychological Sciences, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Maternal body mass index (BMI) is associated with negative body image and restrained eating which are experienced differently across cultures. The present study aimed to: 1) examine if self-esteem, eating behaviours and body satisfaction changed from early pregnancy to 2-6m after giving birth; 2) explore changes according to country (Israel ...
Strutz Kelly L KL At the time of the study, Kelly L. Strutz was with the Department of Maternal and Child Health, Gillings School of Global Public Health, and the Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Vijaya K. Hogan, Carolyn Tucker Halpern, and Jon M. Hussey are with the Department of Maternal and Child Health, Anna Maria Siega-Riz is with the Department of Epidemiology and Department of Nutrition, and Chirayath M. Suchindran is with the Department of Biostatistics, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Anna Maria Siega-Riz, Chirayath M. Suchindran, Carolyn Tucker Halpern, and Jon M. Hussey are also with the Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel - - 2014
Objectives. We examined the impact of preconception acute and chronic stressors on offspring birth weight and racial/ethnic birth weight disparities. Methods. We included birth weights for singleton live first (n = 3512) and second (n = 1901) births to White, Mexican-origin Latina, other-origin Latina, and Black women reported at wave IV of the National ...
Ndikom Chizoma M CM Department of Nursing, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, - - 2014
Breastfeeding is known to be the biological norm. Despite this, many women wean their babies because of perceived insufficient breast milk production. Mothers are sometimes advised to increase their fluid intake in the hope that this could improve breast milk production. The effect of extra fluid on human breast milk ...
Torrazza Roberto Murgas RM Department of Pediatrics/Division of Neonatology, University of Florida, Gainesville, - - 2014
Neonates are commonly referred for a cardiology consult and an echocardiogram to rule out patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). Evaluate the usefulness of current pocket echocardiography system (PES) in PDA detection compared to traditional full-featured echo system (FFES). The determination of the presence of a PDA in neonates can be done ...
Ko Chia-Hung CH Department of Pediatrics Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Kaohsiung, - - 2014
Objective To study the efficacy of the WINROP (https://winrop.com) algorithm in Taiwan, a middle income, moderately developed country in Asia. Study Design We enrolled all preterm infants born with a gestational age less than 32(+0) weeks from September 2008 to August 2010. The results of serial retinopathy of prematurity examinations according to ...
Frondas-Chauty A A Department of Neonatal Medicine, University Hospital of Nantes, Nantes, France INRA UMR 1280, Physiologie des Adaptations Nutritionnelles, IMAD, CRNH Ouest, Nantes, - - 2014
Nutrition in the neonatal unit may impact the neurological outcome of very preterm infants, and male preterms are more likely to suffer neonatal morbidity and adverse neurological outcomes. We hypothesised that growth during hospitalisation would impact neurological outcome differently, depending on infant gender. Surviving infants born between 1 January 2003 ...
Vandenplas Yvan Y Universitair KinderZiekenhuis Brussel, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, - - 2014
Guidelines recommend extensively hydrolysed cow's milk protein formulas (eHF) in the treatment of infants diagnosed with cow's milk protein allergy (CMPA). Extensively hydrolysed rice protein infant formulas (eRHFs) have recently become available, and could offer a valid alternative. A prospective trial was performed to evaluate the clinical tolerance of a ...
O'Connor Clare C Ultrasound and Fetal Medicine Centre, Coombe Women and Infants University Hospital, Dublin, - - 2014
Introduction: The objective of this investigation was to study fetal thigh volume throughout gestation and explore its correlation with birth weight and neonatal body composition. This novel technique may improve birth weight prediction and lead to improved detection rates for fetal growth restriction. Materials and Methods: Fractional thigh volume (TVol) ...
Shah P S PS Department of Paediatrics, Mount Sinai Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, - - 2014
Objective:To determine oxygen saturation profile over 6 h monitoring period in healthy late-preterm and term neonates during the first 48 h of age, and to assess the impact of gestational age, birth weight and method of delivery on this profile.Study Design:Prospective cohort study of measurement of SpO2 over 6 h in 20 late-preterm ...
Yau Gordon S K GS The Department of Ophthalmology, Caritas Medical Centre, 111 Wing Hong Street, Kowloon, Hong Kong SAR, People's Republic of China, - - 2014
The objective of this study is to determine the incidence and risk factors of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) Chinese infants. A retrospective medical record review of all ELBW (≤1,000 g) neonates screened for ROP from 2007 to 2012 was performed in Hong Kong. ROP screening ...
Mutlu Gül Yeşiltepe GY eynep Kamil Gynecologic and Pediatric Training and Research Hospital, Department of Pediatric Endocrinology, İstanbul, Turkey. E-ma-il: - - 2014
Osteopenia of prematurity has become a common problem recently because of improved survival rates of infants with very low birth weight (VLBW). The incidence of neonatal osteopenia is inversely correlated with gestational age and birth weight. Herein, we present four cases of preterm osteopenia that were referred to the pediatric ...
Duryea Elaine L EL Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, - - 2014
To generate birth weight curves based on the obstetric estimate of gestational age as specified in the revised 2003 U.S. birth certificate. Using National Center for Health Statistics data from 2011, we constructed birth weight curves for neonates between 24 and 42 weeks of gestation. Curves were developed using the ...
Nabiwemba Elizabeth L - - 2014
Neonatal mortality has remained persistently high worldwide. In Uganda, neonatal deaths account for 50% of all infant deaths. Low birth weight is associated with a higher risk of death during the neonatal period. Failure to recognize low birth weight and inappropriate home care practices increase the risk of morbidity and ...
Jordan Catherine O CO Department of Ophthalmology, Nationwide Children's Hospital, 555 South 18th Street, Suite 4C, Columbus, OH 43025, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Premature infants born at 30 weeks' gestational age or younger, or 1500 g or smaller, are screened for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). Guidelines for supplemental oxygen in neonatal intensive care units have decreased but not eliminated the incidence of severe ROP. The underlying cause for ROP is prematurity and low birth weight, ...
Makrides Maria M Healthy Mothers, Babies and Children, South Australian Health and Medical Research Institute, North Terrace, Adelaide, South Australia, 5000, Australia; Women's and Children's Health Research Institute, University of Adelaide, 72 King William Road, North Adelaide, South Australia 5006, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Preterm infants are denied the rapid accumulation of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) occurring during the third trimester in utero. The potential benefit of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFAs) has generated interest over the last 3 decades. Early intervention trials assessed the effects of supplementing infant formulas lacking DHA with concentrations equivalent ...
Colaizy Tarah T TT Carver College of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, University of Iowa, 200 Hawkins Drive, 8809 JPP, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Donor human milk is a dietary intervention rapidly increasing in usage in the very low birth weight (VLBW) preterm population. Donor milk may decrease risk of necrotizing enterocolitis and improve neurodevelopmental outcomes in VLBW infants compared with formula diets. The exclusive human milk diet shows promise as an intervention to ...
Adamkin David H DH Division of Neonatal Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, University of Louisville School of Medicine, 571 South Floyd Street, Suite 342, Louisville, KY 40202-3830, - - 2014
The American Academy of Pediatrics supports the feeding of human milk for all infants. Very-low-birth-weight and extremely low-birth-weight infants especially can benefit from the immune and neurodevelopmental effects of human milk. However, human milk alone is nutritionally inadequate for the rapid growth of the very-low-birth-weight infant during a critical window ...
Yamada Takahiro T Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Hokkaido University Graduate School of Medicine, Sapporo, Hokkaido, - - 2014
To determine whether macrosomic infants with a birthweight of 4.0 kg or more have increased risk of cerebral palsy associated with neonatal encephalopathy (Enc-CP). A retrospective review of 132 singleton infants with Enc-CP fulfilling all of the following criteria: born at gestational week (GW) 37 or more (n = 126) or weighing 2.5 kg ...
Kaar J L JL 1 Department of Pediatrics, Colorado School of Medicine, University of Colorado, Aurora, CO, - - 2014
Objective: To examine the association of cord blood leptin with body mass index (BMI) growth velocity from birth to 12 months of age among infants exposed and not exposed to over-nutrition in utero (defined as maternal overweight/obesity or presence of gestational diabetes). Methods: 185 infants enrolled in the Exploring Perinatal ...
Khandelwal P P 1 Department of Pediatrics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, - - 2014
Growth acceleration or catch-up growth (CUG) in early infancy is a plausible risk factor for later obesity and cardiovascular disease. We postulate that this risk may be mediated by an adverse programming of body composition by CUG in early infancy. The study was aimed at evaluating the association between the ...
Sabzehei Mohammad Kazem MK Hamedan University of Medical Sciences, Hamedan, I.R. Iran. - - 2014
Neonatal hyperglycemia, which is relatively common in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants, is associated with increased risk of morbidity and mortality. To study the incidence of neonatal hyperglycemia, associated risk factors and the outcome of it in VLBW infants hospitalized in a level III NICU in Tehran. All VLBW ...
Bacci Silvia - - 2014
We investigate the differences in birthweight between first- and second-borns, evaluating the impact of changes in pregnancy (e.g., gestational age), demographic (e.g., age), and social (e.g., education level, marital status) maternal characteristics. All analyses are performed on data collected in Umbria (Italy) taking into account a set of 792 women ...
Gupta P P WZ-D/14-15, Dayal Sir Road, Uttam Nagar, New Delhi 110059, India. - - 2014
The present study aimed to determine the epidemiology, maternal complications and adverse neonatal outcomes associated with twin births at a tertiary care hospital in India. A prospective observational study was conducted on all successively born twin pairs (≥ 23 weeks of gestation) and their mothers from January to September 2005. ...
Halliday-Bell Jacqueline J Institute of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Birmingham, - - 2014
This study examines pregnancy outcomes in Finland: gender differentiation, low birth weight, high birth weight, pre-term delivery and post-term delivery, small-for-gestational-age, large-for-gestational-age, stillbirth and early neonatal death for study occupations compared to controls Among 507 659 prima gravida women were 12 854 hairdressers, 1841 cosmetologists and 3587 laboratory workers. The ...
Chan Sht S Faculty of Medicine, University of Southampton, Southampton, - - 2014
Given the rapid brain growth that occurs during the third trimester, optimal nutrition offers a potential way to improve neurodevelopmental outcome in preterm infants. This pilot study aimed to explore the relationship between nutrient intake and neurodevelopmental outcome at 24 months corrected gestational age (CGA). Detailed data on nutrient intake ...
Alwan Na N University of Leeds, Leeds, - - 2014
In adults, pulse wave velocity (PWV) is regarded as a predictor of cardiovascular disease.(1) However, associations in infants are not well established. One study has linked neonatal aortic PWV, at 1-3 days, with birthweight and maternal blood pressure.(2) AIM: To examine the relationship between infant brachio-femoral PWV and size at ...
Chan Shtc S Faculty of Medicine, University of Southampton, Southampton, - - 2014
Given the rapid brain growth that occurs during the third trimester, optimal nutrition offers a potential way to improve neurodevelopmental outcome in preterm infants. This pilot study aimed to explore the relationship between nutrient intakes and neurodevelopmental outcome at 24 months corrected age (CGA). Detailed data on nutrient intake during ...
Anblagan D D MRC Centre for Reproductive Health, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK Clinical Research Imaging Centre, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, - - 2014
Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) may provide insights into cerebral changes associated with preterm birth by supplying biomarkers of white matter microstructure in tracts of interest (TOI). We used a tractography-based segmentation method, probabilistic neighbourhood tractography (PNT),(1,2) to study gender-specific effects in developing white matter tracts in preterm infants. 49 preterm ...
Davis Jw J Regional NICU, St Michael's Hospital, UHBristol NHS Trust, Bristol, - - 2014
Very low birth weight infants (VLBW; <1500 g) with late onset sepsis have an increased risk of neurodisability. Care bundles to reduce blood stream infections in NICU have been shown to be effective. To determine if the implementation of a sepsis reduction care bundle was associated with improvement in neurodevelopmental ...
Lok A A Peter Congdon Neonatal Unit, Leeds, - - 2014
Appropriate nutrition and growth are vital components of neonatal care. The most commonly used measures of growth in neonates are weight and head circumference, but these have limitations. Linear growth measurement is the best indicator of dietary adequacy and it most closely relates to lean body mass. There is currently ...
Meeks D D King's College London School of Medicine, London, - - 2014
There is a paucity of data into foetal outcomes for infants born to women with Sickle Cell Disease (SCD). Customised growth charts have been demonstrated to be better at identifying unhealthy small babies than population-based growth charts. Our objective is to analyse the mean birth weight and customised birth weight ...
Pedley Ml M Queen Alexandra Hospital, Portsmouth, - - 2014
Advances in obstetric and neonatal practice have potentially increased survival at the limits of viability and in severely growth restricted infants. In the UK, the proportion of liveborn infants weighing <500 g increased from 0.1 to 0.2% between 2004 and 2010.(1,2) AIM: To provide short-term morbidity and mortality data for ...
Mitchell J J Department of Cardiology, Royal Hospital for Sick Children, Glasgow, UK Department of Neonatal Medicine, Royal Hospital for Sick Children, Glasgow, - - 2014
To define characteristics and complications of ex-premature Scottish children having transcatheter closure of a persistent patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). Retrospective analysis of cases from a national interventional paediatric cardiac centre at the Royal Hospital for Sick Children (RHSC), Glasgow from 2001-2010. Cases with significant cardiac or congenital abnormalities excluded. Information ...
Villis Ai A The James Cook University Hospital, South Tees Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Middlesbrough, - - 2014
ILCOR recommend polyethylene bags/wraps and a delivery room temperature (DRT) temperature of ≥26(o)C for infants born at <28 weeks' gestation (w).(1) Admission temperatures (AT) <36.5(o)C are associated with increased mortality.(2) We evaluated our thermoregulatory practice and explored factors contributing to hypothermia in newborn preterm infants. A five month prospective audit ...
McGrory L L The Royal Women's Hospital, Melbourne, Australia University of Dundee, Dundee, - - 2014
The management of the preterm infants in the delivery room (DR) has evolved with emphasis on thermal control and supporting transition. Traditionally, respiratory support in the DR has been provided through mechanical ventilation following intubation. However, mechanical ventilation is known to increase neonatal morbidity including bronchopulmonary dysplasia and sepsis. As ...
Johnson Mj M NIHR Southampton Biomedical Research Centre, University Hospital Southampton NHS Foundation Trust, Southampton, UK Department of Neonatal Medicine, Princess Anne Hospital, University Hospital Southampton NHS Foundation Trust, Southampton, - - 2014
Preterm infants often experience poor growth during the neonatal period, and are discharged with weights and head circumferences on centiles well below that on which they were born. One reason for this is inadequate nutrient provision. Whilst recommendations for nutrient intakes exist, their validity is the subject of debate, and ...
Aquilina J J Barts Health NHS Trust, London, - - 2014
To evaluate the accuracy and validity of common formulae for estimating fetal weights using ultrasonographic measurements in low birthweight babies (LBW) ≤2500 g and high birth weight (HBW) ≥4000 g. All births within the study groups over a one year period were identified. Maternal demographic data and most recent ultrasonographic ...
Poon Woei Bing WB Department of Neonatal and Developmental Medicine, Singapore General Hospital, - - 2014
Introduction: Both gestation and birth weight have significant impact on mortality and morbidity in newborn infants. Nomograms at birth allow classification of infants into small for gestational age (SGA) and large for gestational age (LGA) categories, for risk stratification and more intensive monitoring. To date, the growth charts for preterm ...
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