Search Results
Results 801 - 850 of 2718
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Matsui Gakuyo - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The purposes of this study was to clarify the development of the ability to imitation skills in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants compared with full-term infants in focusing on the onset of bye-bye. METHODS: Full-term (597; ranging in age from 6 to 21 months) infants and VLBW infants ...
Smithers Lisa G LG School of Population Health, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia. - - 2013
The objective was to examine associations of neonatal weight gain (NWG) and head circumference gain (HCG) with IQ scores and behavior at early school age. We used data from the Promotion of Breastfeeding Intervention Trial, involving Belarusian infants born full term and weighing ≥2500 g. NWG and HCG were measured ...
Fortes Filho João Borges - - 2013
Objectives: This study evaluated the incidence and risk factors for severe retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in babies <1000 g at Porto Alegre, Brazil.Methods: Prospective cohort study including premature children with birth weight ≤1000 g was conducted. Main outcome was the occurrence of severe ROP needing treatment.Results: A total of 157 ...
Sankilampi Ulla - - 2013
Background and objectives. Birth size curves are needed for clinical and epidemiological purposes. We constructed birth weight (BW), length (BL), and head circumference (BHC) references, assessed effects of twinness and parity, and defined cut-off points for small, appropriate, and large for gestational age. Materials and methods. Birth register data of ...
Turner Claudia - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Identifying unwell neonates, particularly in the first week of life, is often subjective. If normal values are known, calculating the weight lost or gained from birth weight can be a useful adjunct in the evaluation of the health of a neonate. METHODS: Serial body weights of well, term, breast ...
Takayanagi Toshimitsu - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To determine the characteristics of the cognitive function in very-low-birth-weight infants (VLBWI) at six years of age and investigate significant factors during NICU admission that affect cognitive outcomes. STUDY SUBJECTS AND PROTOCOL: One hundred and eighty-nine VLBWI (28.4 weeks, 1024 g), including 93 EL infants whose birth weight was ...
Grobman William A WA Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Northwestern University, Chicago, - - 2013
The objective of the study was to determine whether an individualized growth standard (IS) improves the identification of preterm small-for-gestational-age (SGA) neonates at risk of developing moderate/severe cerebral palsy (CP) or death. This study was a secondary analysis of data from a randomized trial of MgSO4 for the prevention of ...
Rochow Niels - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Fortification of breast milk is an accepted practice for feeding very low birth weight infants, however, fixed dosage enhancement does not address variations in native breast milk. This could lead to deficiencies in calories and macronutrients. We therefore established the infrastructure for target fortification in breast milk by measuring ...
Fenton Tanis R - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Current fetal-infant growth references have an obvious growth disjuncture around 40 week gestation overlapping where the fetal and infant growth references are combined. Graphical smoothening of the disjuncture to connect the matching percentile curves has never been validated. This study was designed to compare weight gain patterns of contemporary ...
Alleman Brandon W BW Department of Pediatrics, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, - - 2013
To examine factors affecting center differences in mortality for extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants. We analyzed data for 5418 ELBW infants born at 16 Neonatal Research Network centers during 2006-2009. The primary outcomes of early mortality (≤12 hours after birth) and in-hospital mortality were assessed by using multilevel hierarchical ...
Fujisawa Yasuko Y Department of Pediatrics, Hamamatsu University School of Medicine, Hamamatsu, Shizuoka, Japan. - - 2013
The prevalence of childhood obesity has increased worldwide over the past decade. Despite evidence that human milk lowers the risk of childhood obesity, the mechanism is not fully understood. We investigated the direct effect of human milk on differentiation of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes. 3T3-L1 preadipocytes were treated with donated human milk ...
Dizdarer Ceyhun - - 2013
Objective: To assess insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1)/IGF-binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) axis and insulin resistance (IR) and the relationship of these parameters with growth in appropriate for gestational age (AGA) and small for gestational age (SGA) infants at birth and in early infancy.Methods: Postnatal blood samples for measurement of glucose, insulin, IGF-1, ...
Helfer Sven - - 2013
AIMS: To assess the effects of region of interest (ROI) size and strain length (SL) on the quality of analysis and to determine the feasibility and reproducibility of tissue Doppler-derived cardiac strain (S) and strain rate (SR) measurements for preterm infants <1500 g birth weight. METHODS AND RESULTS: The beat-to-beat variation ...
Mukhopadhyay Kanya - - 2013
This study was conducted to compare the survival and morbidity of extremely low birth weight neonates born during two different time periods (2009-10 and 2001-02) at a Level III referral neonatal unit in Northern India. All consecutive intramural extremely low birth weight neonates (<1000g), irrespective of gestation, and admitted to ...
Kassab Manal - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Transient tachypnoea of the newborn (TTN) results from delayed clearance of lung liquid and is a common cause of admission of full term infants to neonatal intensive care units. The condition is particularly common after elective caesarean section. Conventional treatment involves appropriate oxygen administration and continuous positive airway pressure ...
Kato Tsuguhiko - - 2013
Barker's fetal programming hypothesis suggests that disproportionate size at birth may have a lifelong impact on one's health. However, the literature on birth length is considerably more sparse compared with birthweight. We, therefore, examined the relationship between birth length and hospitalisation early in life among Japanese children. We used the ...
Leadford Alicia E AE University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35249-7335, - - 2013
Hypothermia contributes to neonatal mortality and morbidity, especially in preterm and low birth weight infants in developing countries. Plastic bags covering the trunk and extremities of very low birth weight infants reduces hypothermia. This technique has not been studied in larger infants or in many resource-limited settings. The objective was ...
Adams-Chapman Ira I Department of Pediatrics, Emory University School of Medicine, and Children’s Healthcare of Atlanta, Atlanta, GA, USA. - - 2013
Birth defects (BDs) are an important cause of infant mortality and disproportionately occur among low birth weight infants. We determined the prevalence of BDs in a cohort of very low birth weight (VLBW) infants cared for at the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Neonatal ...
Thibeau Shelley - - 2013
: The purpose of this study was to explore the use of mothers' own milk (colostrums, transitional milk, and mature milk) as oral care in the ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP)-prevention bundle of mechanically ventilated preterm infants weighing 1500 g or less. : Mechanically ventilated preterm infants weighing 1500 g or less ...
Sámano Reyna - - 2013
Exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) in adolescent mothers has been associated with greater postpartum maternal weight loss. To assess the associations between EBF and weight loss in adolescent and adult mothers and between EBF and weight and length gain of their children. A cohort of 68 adolescent mothers (15 to 19 years), ...
Kapoor Kapil - - 2013
To evaluate the incidence, etiology, outcome, and predictors of mortality in neonates with Acute Renal Failure (ARF) in an out born Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) of India. A retrospective analysis of case records of out born neonates, who had ARF at admission or developed ARF during NICU stay, from ...
Hanieh Sarah - - 2013
Anemia affects over 500 million women, and in pregnancy is associated with impaired maternal and infant outcomes. Intermittent antenatal iron supplementation is an attractive alternative to daily dosing; however, the impact of this strategy on infant outcomes remains unclear. We compared the effect of intermittent antenatal iron supplementation with daily ...
Eras Z - - 2013
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) may occur with poor weight gain, esophagitis, hematemesis and respiratory problems in an infant. Common treatment strategies include positioning, feeding thickeness, histamine2 receptor antagonists, antiacids, and prokinetics. Metoclopramide is a prokinetic drug used to treat GERD and it has been reported to be a most commonly ...
Raimondi Dolores - - 2013
Introduction. The number of foreign migrants tends to grow. The situation of people living away from their own country is complex and has an impact on the public health system. The objective of this article was to analyze the perinatal risk of migrant mothers and their newborn infants in comparison ...
Ren Jingchao - - 2013
To determine the association of high birth weight (HBW) with the risk of obesity in childhood and adolescence. We also aimed to explore the interactions of HBW with physical activity and dietary habits. In a birth cohort born in 1993, 1994, and 1995 in Wuxi, China, subjects with a birth ...
Aliabadi Faranak - - 2013
Low Birth Weight [LBW] (1500gr ≤ Birth Weight ≤ 2499 gr) is one of the most serious health problems in neonates. These neonates need complementary interventions (e.g. tactile-kinesthetic stimulation) to promote development. This study was conducted to determine the effect of Tactile-Kinesthetic Stimulation (TKS) on physical and behavioral development of ...
Carlisle Erica M - - 2013
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) continues to be a major cause of morbidity and mortality in low birth weight infants. Although decades of research point to a role for gut bacteria in the pathogenesis of the disease, the exact relationship between microbes and NEC has not been elucidated. In this review, we ...
Rossin-Slater Maya - - 2013
A large body of evidence indicates that conditions in-utero and health at birth matter for individuals' long-run outcomes, suggesting potential value in programs aimed at pregnant women and young children. This paper uses a novel identification strategy and data from birth and administrative records over 2005-2009 to provide causal estimates ...
Hamta Amir A Department of Biostatistics and Community Medicine, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Mazandarana, IR - - 2013
LBW rate is one of the most important health indices in every society. It reveals mothers and their new-born infants' health. Our aim, in the present paper, was to present a new statistical framework for analysis based on path analysis techniques. A prospective study was conducted in two maternity wards, ...
Werner Erika F - - 2013
To examine the association between route of delivery and neonatal outcomes in a large, diverse cohort of preterm, appropriate-for-gestational-age neonates. This is a retrospective cohort study examining New York City birth data for 1995-2003 linked to hospital discharge data. Data were limited to singleton, live-born, cephalic neonates delivered between 24 ...
Honein Margaret A - - 2013
Objective: Approximately one-third of US reproductive-aged women are obese, and prepregnancy obesity is a strong risk factor for adverse fetal and infant outcomes. The annual number of preventable adverse fetal and infant outcomes associated with prepregnancy obesity in the US was estimated. Design and Methods: Adverse fetal and infant outcomes ...
Latini Giuseppe - - 2013
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) continues to represent a significant cause of morbidity among survivors of severe prematurity in the NICU. The increasing prevalence of BPD over the decades has been suggested to be related to the increased survival of extremely low birthweight infants. To evaluate differences in prevalence of BPD (BPD28d ...
Ferdynus C - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To compare prediction of perinatal deaths among preterm infants based on fetal weight standards versus a new subpopulation-based birthweight standard. DESIGN: Population-based cohort study. SETTING: France. POPULATION: A total of 9100 preterm singletons, born between 24 and 36 weeks of gestation in 2000-09, in Burgundy (France). METHODS: We first classified ...
Swartz Michael F - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Despite repair, a significant proportion of patients with coarctation of the aorta (CoA) present with late hypertension. Increased gene expression of aortic wall collagen and vascular smooth muscle cell markers occurs in the presence of hypertension. Before repair, a patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) limits hypertension proximal to the coarctation. ...
Meyer Sascha - - 2013
Sanghvi and colleagues demonstrated the feasibility of initiating exclusive enteral feeds from first day of life in stable infants with birth weight between 1200 and 1500 g[1]. This regimen led to twice as faster regaining of birth weight and halved duration of hospital stay. Of note, no unwanted side effects - ...
Schueler Jessica J Department of Family and Consumer Sciences, University of Wyoming, Laramie, WY, - - 2013
The presence of appetite hormones, namely glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), peptide YY (PYY), and leptin in breast milk may be important in infant feeding regulation and infant growth. This study evaluated whether concentrations of GLP-1, PYY, and leptin change across a single feeding (from fore- to hindmilk), and are associated with ...
Much Daniela - - 2013
Background:There is some evidence that the n-6/n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFAs) ratio in early nutrition, and thus in breast milk, could influence infant body composition.Methods:In an open-label randomized controlled trial 208 healthy pregnant women were allocated to a dietary intervention (supplementation with 1200 mg n-3 LCPUFAs per day and instructions ...
Marques Rejane C RC Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Campus Macaé, RJ, Brazil. - - 2013
Birth weight can be a predictor of maternal health issues related to nutrition and environmental contaminants. Total hair mercury (HHg) concentration was studied as an indicator of both fish consumption and methylmercury exposure in mothers (and newborns) living in selected low income areas of the Madeira River basin, Amazonia, Brazil. ...
Miyamoto Kenji - - 2013
Abstract Our aim was to determine whether small for gestational age (SGA) neonates exhibit reduced left ventricular contractility and diastolic dysfunction, through the assessment of tissue by Doppler imaging and investigation of the stress-velocity relationship (SVR). The study subjects were limited to 37 neonates just after birth. These patients were ...
Yen Ting-An TA Department of Pediatrics, National Taiwan University Hospital, National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei, - - 2013
Severe pulmonary hemorrhage is a serious complication with a high mortality rate in preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) after surfactant therapy. The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of our current management strategy for neonates with severe pulmonary hemorrhage. Very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants who developed severe ...
Widen Elizabeth M EM Institute of Human Nutrition and Department of Epidemiology, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA. - - 2013
Maternal weight loss during exclusive breastfeeding may influence the growth of exclusively breast-fed infants through impaired quality or quantity of breast milk. This study evaluated how maternal weight loss from 2 to 24 wk postpartum was related to infant weight and length gain in 1309 lactating HIV-infected mothers and their ...
Kobayashi Daisuke - - 2013
Background: The number of low birth weight infants with congenital heart disease is increasing and catheterizations may have an increased risk for mortality and morbidity. Objectives: We investigate the outcome and complications of cardiac catheterizations in infants weighing < 2.5 kilograms. Methods: Retrospective review of catheterization records from 1995 to ...
Schwepcke Alexandra - - 2013
Background:Hypotension remains a common complication in preterm infants and is associated with high neonatal morbidity and mortality. The underlying mechanisms are still not fully understood. We studied the microcirculation in extremely low birth weight infants to understand the relationship between blood pressure and skin perfusion.Methods:In 21 patients (gestational age <30 wk, ...
Gong Yu-Hua - - 2013
The purpose of present study was to explore the trajectories of growth of preterm and term infants of low, high, and appropriate birth weight. A total of 2465 infants were recruited from 2005 to 2007. Infants' length and weight were measured at 12 points: birth, 42 days, and monthly from ...
Kersbergen Karina J - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether there was an adverse effect on brain growth after hydrocortisone (HC) treatment for bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in a large cohort of infants without dexamethasone exposure. STUDY DESIGN: Infants who received HC for BPD between 2005 and 2011 and underwent magnetic resonance imaging at term-equivalent age were ...
Agius R - - 2013
Infants born with a higher birth weight have long been associated with an increased incidence of developing the metabolic syndrome starting from early childhood and persisting into adult life. Such risk factors include genetic tendencies as well as environmental factors. Of these, certain maternal anthropometric characteristics such as obesity or ...
Lokomba Bolamba Vicky - - 2013
Abstract Objectives -To determine the local prediction equation of birthweight. -To establish fetal growth potential. -To seek for ability of customised birthweight to identify growth disordered neonates. Methodology A sample of 261 mother-infant couples was studied from 20 week gestation throughout term in the largest maternity of Kinshasa. Using Gardosi's ...
Arora Prem - - 2013
Objectives To evaluate the change in physiologic stability of very low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants following transport using TRIPS (transport risk index of physiologic stability) score as a measure of physiologic stability and compare changes in TRIPS score in groups of VLBW infants who underwent shorter versus longer transport.Study Design Retrospective chart ...
Natarajan Girija - - 2013
Objectives To characterize postnatal growth failure (PGF), defined as weight < 10th percentile for postmenstrual age (PMA) in preterm (≤ 27 weeks' gestation) infants with severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia (sBPD) at specified time points during hospitalization, and to compare these in subgroups of infants who died/underwent tracheostomy and others.Study Design Retrospective ...
Frimmel Wolfgang - - 2013
In this paper, we study the socio-economic determinants of birth weight, with a focus on the mother's family status. We use Austrian birth register data covering all births between 1984 and 2007 and find that a mother's marriage is associated with a higher birth weight of the newborn, in the ...
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