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Results 751 - 800 of 2718
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Lee Bo-Eun - - 2013
Bisphenol A (BPA) is used primarily in the production of polycarbonate plastics and epoxy resins. Widespread exposure to BPA has created a great deal of concern regarding its potential adverse effects on human health. This study examined the relationship between prenatal BPA exposure and birth outcomes, including birth weight, birth ...
Cheikh Ismail L L Nuffield Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, and Oxford Maternal & Perinatal Health Institute, Green Templeton College, University of Oxford, Oxford, - - 2013
The primary aim of the INTERGROWTH-21(st) Project is to construct new, prescriptive standards describing optimal fetal and preterm postnatal growth. The anthropometric measurements include the head circumference, recumbent length and weight of the infants, and the stature and weight of the parents. In such a large, international, multicentre project, it ...
Cheikh Ismail L L Nuffield Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Oxford Maternal & Perinatal Health Institute, Green Templeton College, University of Oxford, Oxford, - - 2013
The primary aim of the INTERGROWTH-21(st) Project is to construct new, prescriptive standards describing optimal fetal and preterm postnatal growth. The anthropometric measurements include the head circumference, recumbent length and weight of the infants, and the stature and weight of the parents. In such a large, international, multicentre project, it ...
Currie Janet J Center for Health and Wellbeing, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08540, - - 2013
A large literature describes relationships between month of birth, birth weight, and gestation. These relationships are hypothesized to reflect the causal impact of seasonal environmental factors. However, recent work casts doubt on this interpretation by showing that mothers with lower socioeconomic status are more likely to give birth in months ...
Anzman-Frasca Stephanie - - 2013
A consideration of potential moderators can highlight intervention effects that are attenuated when investigating aggregate results. Differential susceptibility is one type of interaction, where susceptible individuals have poorer outcomes in negative environments and better outcomes in positive environments, compared to less susceptible individuals, who have moderate outcomes regardless of environment. ...
Mukhopadhyay Kanya - - 2013
To determine predictors of mortality and morbidity in extremely low birth weight neonates(ELBW) from a developing country. Prospective observational study. Level III neonatal unit in Northern India. Subjects: Neonates <1000g born and admitted to intensive care during study period were enrolled. They were analyzed based on survival and development of ...
Fallah Razieh - - 2013
Growth velocity is one of the most important problems in low birth weight (LBW) neonates. The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of body massage with and without sunflower oil on the growth of LBW preterm neonates in Iran. A single-blinded randomized clinical trial SUBJECTS: This study ...
Bhandankar Manisha - - 2013
To study the sequential changes in SpO2 values in newborns delivered in a teaching hospital in India. Full-term infants born by normal vaginal delivery to registered mothers at KLE University Hospital, Belgaum with birth weight more than 2,500 g, no congenital anomalies and who had received only routine care at birth ...
Råssjö Eva Britta EB Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Falun Hospital, Falun, Sweden; Center for Clinical Research, Dalarna, Sweden. Electronic address: - - 2013
To describe how Somali immigrant women in a Swedish county use the antenatal care and health services, their reported and observed health problems and the outcome of their pregnancies. Retrospective, case-control study, comparing data obtained from the records of antenatal and obstetric care for Somali born women with the same ...
Golub Mari S MS Department of Environmental Toxicology, University of California, Davis, - - 2013
Sources of variability in hemoglobin concentration in blood were examined in over 600 rhesus infants at the California National Primate Research Center who had complete blood counts (CBCs) conducted at 3-4 months of age. These infants were born and raised in outdoor social housing. Hemoglobin values ranged from 8.5 to ...
Turner S P - - 2013
Human safety can be compromised by the response of beef cows to handling or when defending their calf. However, little is known about how pre-calving temperament, post-calving defensiveness and maternal care are related. The impacts of cow temperament on calf neonatal vigor and ADG are also unknown. Data were collected ...
Sarici Dilek - - 2013
Introduction: Adiponectin has important anti-inflammatory and anti-atherogenic effects. Although adiponectin and atherosclerosis correlate inversely in children and adults, we have little information regarding this relationship in neonates. Methods: We measured cord blood adiponectin levels and abdominal aortic intima media thickness (aIMT) in 80 healthy, term neonates and investigated the relationship ...
Sarker Shafiqul A - - 2013
& Aims Rotavirus infection is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in children younger than 5 years of age. Current treatment options are limited. We assessed the efficacy of a llama-derived, heavy-chain antibody fragment called anti-rotavirus protein (ARP1), in modifying the severity and duration of diarrhea in male infants ...
Ohlsson Arne - - 2013
Nosocomial infections continue to be a significant cause of morbidity and mortality among preterm and/or low birth weight (LBW) infants. Preterm infants are deficient in immunoglobulin G (IgG); therefore, administration of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) may have the potential of preventing or altering the course of nosocomial infections. To use systematic ...
Agarwal Pratibha - - 2013
Introduction: This study assesses the trends and predictors of mortality and morbidity in infants of gestational age (GA) <27 weeks from 1990 to 2007. Materials and Methods: This is a retrospective cross-sectional cohort study of infant deliveries between 1990 and 2007 in the largest perinatal centre in Singapore. This is ...
Beaulieu Michele J - - 2013
THE INCIDENCE OF NEONATAL seizures varies according to gestational age, weight, and cause. Seizures occur in an estimated 1.0-3.5 per 1,000 term infants1 with an increased incidence of 10-130/1,000 in preterm infants.2 Most neonatal seizures have a specific cause.3 Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy has been identified as the most common etiology associated ...
Ahle Margareta - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:To investigate temporal, seasonal, and geographic variations in the incidence of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) and its relation to early infant survival in the Swedish population and in subgroups based on gestational age, birth weight, and gender.METHODS:In the Swedish birth cohort of 1987 through 2009 all children with a diagnosis of ...
Carbasse Aurélia - - 2013
Skin-to-skin contact (SSC) is a cornerstone of neurodevelopmentally supportive and family-oriented care for very low-birth-weight preterm infants (VPIs). However, performing SSC with unstable and/or ventilated VPIs remains challenging for caregiving teams and/or controversial in the literature. We first aimed to assess the safety and effectiveness of SSC with vulnerable VPIs ...
Mahmoodi Zohreh Z Social Determinant of Health Research Center, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, IR - - 2013
Low birth weight is one of the most important public health issues in developing and developed countries and identifying its etiology is important for prevention. Considering the unknown impact of physical activity on low birth weight, this research was conducted to investigate the relationship between physical activity and low birth ...
Joseph Nitin - - 2013
Health status of infants is a sensitive indicator of development and factors influencing it need to be better understood. This study was conducted to search for factors associated with morbidity among infants and to find out their influence on weight gain during infancy. This longitudinal study was undertaken in south ...
Visconti Luiza Fortunato - - 2013
To identify clinical and echocardiographic parameters associated with the evolution of the ductus arteriosus in neonates with birth weight lower than 1,500g. Retrospective study of 119 neonates in which clinical parameters (Prenatal: maternal age, risk of infection and chorioamnionitis, use of corticosteroid, mode of delivery and gestational age. Perinatal: weight, ...
Sarkar Shatanik S Department of Pediatric Medicine, R. G. Kar Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata, West Bengal, - - 2013
Congenital anomalies are a major cause of stillbirths and neonatal mortality. The pattern and prevalence of congenital anomalies may vary over time or with geographical location. The aim of this study is to determine the proportion and types of congenital anomalies in live newborns and to study maternal and perinatal ...
Abadi Mozhdeh Nasseh Lotf - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate associations of birth weight with sociodemographic variables, domestic violence, ways of coping, social support, and general mental health of Iranian mothers. Six hundred mothers aged 15 to 29 years participated between June 2009 and November 2010. t-Test, analysis of variance, Spearman's correlation, ...
Rekha C - - 2013
Accurate reporting of prevalence of low birth weight (LBW) is important for monitoring health of a population. LBW is often underestimated in developing countries due to heaping of the data at 2.5 kg. UNICEF uses an average adjustment factor of 25% to re-classify babies listed as exactly 2.5 kg into ...
van de Lagemaat Monique - - 2013
Background/Aims: Since insulin-like growth factor type I (IGF-I) and insulin regulate growth in term infants, they were studied in relation to nutrient intake and growth until 6 months corrected age (CA) in preterm infants. Methods: In 138 preterm infants (51% male, gestational age (expressed as median (IQR)) 30.6 (1.9) weeks, ...
Libraty Daniel H DH Division of Infectious Disease and Immunology, Department of Medicine, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA, - - 2013
The World Health Organization (WHO) Expert Committee on Physical Status: The Use and Interpretation of Anthropometry established reference anthropometric standards for the growth of healthy infants and children. As part of a prospective clinical study of dengue virus infections in infants, we measured the length and weight of healthy infants ...
Blagaić Vladimir - - 2013
Abstract More than 50 percent of preterm neonates below 28 gestational weeks in our institution are delivered by Cesarean Section (CS). The aim of this paper is to present advantages of less used method of delivery of premature and/or very low birth weight (VLBW) neonates by Amnion Protective Cesarean Section ...
Hanley Gillian E - - 2013
We aimed to determine whether ethnicity-specific birth weight distributions more accurately identify newborns at risk for short-term neonatal morbidity associated with small-for-gestational age birth than population-based distributions not stratified on ethnicity. Study Design: We examined 100,463 singleton term infants born to parents in Washington State between January 1(st) 2006 and ...
Kramer Michael S - - 2013
To compare maternal lipid and lipoprotein concentrations between small for gestational age (SGA) infants and infants with normal growth born at term. This was a case-control study nested within a large (n = 5337) prospective multicenter cohort of pregnant women followed to delivery. SGA cases (n = 323) were all ...
Kumar P - - 2013
Objective:To evaluate characteristics of unimpaired outcome in extremely low-birth-weight (ELBW) survivors.Study design:ELBW infants (n=714) with 30 months' assessments were analyzed. Logistic regression was used to develop a model for the binary outcome of unimpaired versus impaired outcome.Result:Thirty-three percent of infants had an unimpaired outcome. Seventeen percent of ELBW survivors had ...
Seigel Jonathan K - - 2013
Abstract Background: Human milk reduces morbidities in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants. However, clinical instability often precludes ELBW infants from receiving early enteral feeds. This study compared clinical outcomes before and after implementing an oropharyngeal colostrum (COL) protocol in a cohort of inborn (born at our facility) ELBW infants. ...
Gernand Alison D AD Department of Epidemiology, University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health, Pittsburgh, PA, - - 2013
Maternal vitamin D deficiency has been linked to fetal growth restriction, but the underlying mechanisms are unclear. We tested the hypothesis that poor maternal 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] is associated with increased risk of placental vascular pathology. Maternal serum 25(OH)D was measured at ≤26 wk of gestation in a random subcohort ...
Soudack Michalle - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of cerebellar hemorrhage in very low birth weight infants using the posterolateral fontanelle for ultrasound (US) examination. The study included 125 very low birth weight premature infants (defined as equal or less than 1500 grams at birth) hospitalized in the ...
Silvestrin Sonia - - 2013
To assess the association between maternal education level and birth weight, considering the circumstances in which the excess use of technology in healthcare, as well as the scarcity of these resources, may result in similar outcomes. A meta-analysis of cohort and cross-sectional studies was performed; the studies were selected by ...
Wahi Gita - - 2013
Aboriginal people living in Canada have a high prevalence of obesity, type 2 diabetes, and cardiovascular disease (CVD). To better understand the pre and postnatal influences on the development of adiposity and related cardio-metabolic factors in adult Aboriginal people, we will recruit and follow prospectively Aboriginal pregnant mothers and their ...
Waller Jennifer - - 2013
Excessive, rapid weight gain in early infancy has been linked to risk of later overweight and obesity. Inappropriate infant feeding practices associated with this rapid weight gain are currently of great interest. Understanding the origin of these practices may increase the effectiveness of interventions. Low-income populations in the Southeastern United ...
Neff Karl J - - 2013
To construct a clinical management matrix using serial fetal abdominal circumference measurements (ACMs) that will predict normal birth weight in pregnancies complicated by gestational diabetes (GDM) and reduce unnecessary ultrasound examination in women with GDM. Retrospective cohort study of 144 women with GDM in a specialist obstetric-diabetes clinic. Women with ...
Aly Hany - - 2013
Abstract Objective: We aimed to compare clinical presentation and risk factors associated with the development of pneumothorax among newborns of different birth weight (BW) categories. Methods: We collected clinical and respiratory data on all newborns diagnosed with pneumothorax over a ten-year period. Infants were classified into two groups with BW ...
Lepomäki Virva - - 2013
Normal intrauterine conditions are essential to normal brain growth and development; premature birth and growth restriction can interrupt brain maturation. Maturation processes can be studied using diffusion tensor imaging. The aim of this study was to use tract-based spatial statistics to assess the effect that early postnatal growth from birth ...
Verropoulou Georgia - - 2013
Summary Identification of modifiable factors and mediators linked to low and heavy birth weight is crucial in reducing infant mortality and health care expenditure. The present paper explores the associations of socio-demographic factors and immigrant status of parents with adverse pregnancy outcomes in Hong Kong. The analysis compares very low ...
Amrutha Veena K - - 2013
The present study aimed to evaluate the nutritional status of infants in Ramanathapuram district of Tamilnadu. The present study comprised a community-based cross-sectional study conducted in seven taluks of the Ramanathapuram district. A total of 2800 infants (<1 year of age) comprising of 1400 male and 1400 female infants were selected ...
Cossey Veerle - - 2013
Abstract Objective: This study investigated the intestinal colonization with staphylococci in very low birth weight infants in relation to the type of enteral feeding and evaluated the intestine as potential source for staphylococcal bacteremia. Patients and Methods: Infants born in the Level III neonatal intensive care unit of a university ...
Nixon P A PA 1] Department of Health and Exercise Science, Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, NC, USA [2] Department of Pediatrics, Wake Forest University Health Sciences, Winston-Salem, NC, - - 2013
To compare asthma history and pulmonary function in adolescents born prematurely with very low birth weight with and without antenatal steroid exposure. We studied 188 fourteen-year olds (94 exposed, 84 male). We used parent report to ascertain asthma and asthma-related symptoms and spirometry to assess pulmonary function. Steroid-exposed and -unexposed ...
Conner Shayna N SN Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, St. Louis, - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that increasing body mass index (BMI) is associated with increased time from skin incision to infant delivery and increased neonatal morbidity at cesarean delivery. We performed a retrospective cohort study of all cesarean deliveries that occurred at 1 institution from ...
Ozdemir Tunç - - 2013
PURPOSE: It is common practice for premature infants undergoing elective inguinal hernia (IH) repair to be hospitalized for postoperative apnea monitoring. This study evaluated the risk of apnea after IH repair with regard to gestational age (GA) and postconceptional age (PCA) in formerly premature infants. METHODS: Formerly premature infants who ...
Gittner Lisaann S - - 2013
Distinguishing an obesity growth pattern that originates during infancy is clinically important. Infancy based obesity prevention interventions may be needed while precursors of later health are forming. Infant obesity and severe obesity growth patterns in the first 2-years are described and distinguished from a normal weight growth pattern. A retrospective ...
Burton Pat - - 2013
Background:Mothers with preterm infants may need to express milk for considerable periods. Research to improve breast pump design has focused on compression stimuli, frequencies, and vacuums.Objective:This study aimed to compare the effectiveness of 2 electric pumps: Medela Symphony (pump S) and a novel pump (Philips AVENT Twin electronic pump; pump ...
Costopoulou Danae - - 2013
The dietary exposure of infants to polychlorinated dibenzo dioxins and furans (PCDD/Fs) and dioxin like polychlorinated biphenyls (dl-PCBs) is an issue of great social impact. We investigated for the first time the dietary intake of these compounds in infants living in Greece. We included in our study two age groups: ...
Mash Clay - - 2013
This research examined the development of adaptive generalization in infants' object-directed actions. Infants ages 9 and 12 months participated in an object manipulation task with stimulus objects from 2 categories that differed in shape and weight and that bore a consistent shape or weight correspondence. Weight differences between categories affected ...
Boo Nem-Yun - - 2013
This study aimed to determine the prevalence of admission hypothermia (AH) among very-low-birth-weight (≤1500 g) infants in 32 Malaysian neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). This was a retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data of all very-low-birth-weight infants admitted and a questionnaire survey of the practice of AH prevention. Of the ...
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