Search Results
Results 701 - 750 of 2718
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Giovannetti A M - - 2013
Preterm birth is associated with variable degrees of brain injury, adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes and continuing special health care needs. This observational, retrospective and cross-sectional study aims to describe the functional features of VLBW infants using the ICF-CY classification and to identify the association between gender, twinship, birth weight, gestational age, ...
Huisma Felicity F Provincial Medical Genetics Program, Children's and Women's Health Centre of British Columbia, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada. - - 2013
The neonate born small for gestational age (SGA, birth weight <10th centile) with severe hypospadias, and without the presence of other malformations, is a presentation which clinical geneticists are asked to assess. However, this combination is not well addressed in the literature. Epidemiological studies point to an increased incidence and ...
White-Traut Rosemary R Department of Women, Children and Family Health Science, College of Nursing, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA. - - 2013
To identify infant and maternal characteristics associated with the pace of progression from the first oral feeding to complete oral feeding. One hundred forty-two stable premature infants who were fully or partially gavage feeding immediately after birth (29 to 34 weeks gestational age at birth). Exploratory secondary analysis. Data are ...
Hochwald Ori - - 2013
In this pilot study the authors demonstrate the feasibility, effectiveness and safety of the combined early treatment with hydrocortisone and dopamine for refractory hypotension in preterm newborns. Very low birth weight infants born at gestational age < 30 wk or birth weight < 1250 g in the first 48 h of life ...
Abbas Rabia - - 2013
Cushing’s disease in children is not rare but in infants it is quite rare and an important medical condition needing proper line of investigations and management options. Craniopharyngioma as a cause of Cushing’s disease is well reported and practical inference of the condition is of clinical importance. Craniopharyngioma generally affects ...
Minutillo Corrado - - 2013
The aim of the study was to describe the physical growth and developmental outcomes of babies born with gastroschisis. We retrospectively reviewed all cases of gastroschisis in Western Australia born between 1997 and 2010. In the 128 pregnancies with fetal gastroschisis, 117 babies were live born. 112 (95.7%) survived to ...
Ferrara F - - 2013
Aim: The establishment of an ileostomy is a surgical option in the treatment of neonatal intestinal diseases, such as necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) and meconial disease, in premature or extremely-low-birth-weight (ELBW) infants. Methods: A prospective study was performed between July 2000-April 2011, with in exam all cases of acute abdomen in ...
Haerian-Ardakani Ahmad A Department of Periodontology, Faculty of Dentistry, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, - - 2013
Periodontal infections, which serve as a reservoir of inflammatory mediators, may pose a threat to the fetal-placental unit and cause adverse pregnancy outcomes. The aim of this study was assessing the periodontal status of women during puerperium and determining the possible relationship between their periodontal disease and low birth weight ...
Kerecman Jay J Department of Pediatrics, F. Edward Hebert School of Medicine, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, MD 20814, USA. - - 2013
Cholestasis affects 50% of extremely low-birth-weight infants. Its etiology remains poorly understood and the extent of liver injury in these infants is unclear. The premature baboon model provides an opportunity to study neonatal liver disease. We characterize hepatic histopathologic changes in this model. Archival tissue and data were obtained from ...
Aiken Christopher Geoffrey Alexander CG Neonatal Unit, Labcare Pathology, Pharmacy and Medical Records Taranaki Base Hospital , New Plymouth, New Zealand - - 2013
To determine how weight for gestational age affects urea and mineral excretion by preterm infants receiving total parenteral nutrition (TPN). Daily urine samples were collected from all preterm infants given high calcium TPN, providing 30 kcal/g amino acids, during its first 44 months of use, and from all those given ...
Cederbaum Julie A - - 2013
Emerging literature suggests that maternal exposure to stress and adversity throughout the life course may have health consequences for offspring. To examine the maltreatment history of adolescent mothers as an independent predictor of infant birth weight. Birth records for all infants born between 2007 and 2009 to mothers aged 12-19 ...
Voegtline K M KM 1 Department of Population, Family, and Reproductive Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, - - 2013
Associations between maternal salivary testosterone at 36 weeks' gestation with birth weight and infant weight gain through 6 months of age were examined in a group of 49 healthy, pregnant women and their offspring. The diurnal decline of maternal testosterone was conserved in late pregnancy, and levels showed significant day-to-day ...
Chiba Takako - - 2013
Previous studies have revealed correlations among prepregnancy body mass index (BMI), gestational weight gain and the birth weight of the infant. However, as a variety of indices relating to the physique have been used to assess the optimal weight of pregnant women, no conclusions have yet been established regarding the ...
Ramesh Bhat Y - - 2013
Aim: Incidence, risk factors, morbidity and mortality of pneumothorax in neonates vary widely. We aimed to evaluate characteristics, predisposing factors and associated primary lung conditions of pneumothorax in neonates. Methods: Neonates diagnosed to have pneumothoraces in a neonatal unit of university teaching hospital between May 2006 and August 2008 were ...
Hamid N A NA School of Public Health, Physiotherapy and Population Science, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin, - - 2013
There is little record of birth weight of Irish Travellers, a minority group in Ireland. Travellers are known to have higher rate of adult chronic disease and to be exposed to life-long disadvantage. The aim of this study was to establish whether the birth weight and infant mortality rate patterns ...
Saida Ken - - 2013
Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is common in premature infants. In very low birth weight infants (VLBWI), PDA requires surgical therapy in many cases. It is unclear to know at-risk infants showing cardio-dysfunction after PDA surgery. The purpose of this study was to identify at-risk infants showing cardio-dysfunction after surgery for ...
Wolke Dieter - - 2013
Although sensitive and cognitively stimulating parenting is a powerful predictor of school success, it may not protect against increased neonatal risk resulting from underlying neurological damage. A total of 314 very preterm/very low birth weight (VP/VLBW) and 338 term control children were studied from birth to age 13 years. Socioeconomic status ...
Belfort Mandy B MB Division of Newborn Medicine, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, MA. Electronic address: - - 2013
To examine trade-offs between cognitive outcome and overweight/obesity in preterm-born infants at school age and young adulthood in relation to weight gain and linear growth during infancy. We studied 945 participants in the Infant Health and Development Program, an 8-center study of preterm (≤37 weeks gestational age), low birth weight ...
Pardo C E - - 2013
Offspring born from normal litter size (10 to 15 piglets) but classified as having lower than average birth weight (average of the sow herd used: 1.46 ± 0.2 kg; mean ± s.d.) carry at birth negative phenotypic traits normally associated with intrauterine growth restriction, such as brain-sparing and impaired myofiber ...
Sehgal Arvind - - 2013
To investigate the differences in cardiac function and arterial biophysical properties between term-born appropriate for gestational age (AGA) infants and small for gestational age (SGA) infants. Our hypothesis was that adaptation to intrauterine growth restriction induces changes in cardiac and arterial indices. This was a prospective observational echocardiographic evaluation of ...
Hameed Numan Nafie - - 2013
Abstract Objectives: To study maternal and neonatal risk factors related to outcome of preterm babies with RDS on CPAP in a tertiary Iraqi NICU. Methods: A prospective case study carried out from January 5th, -2011 to January 5th, -2012, on 70 preterm neonates with RDS who were started on CPAP. ...
Kumar Sanjaya - - 2013
Reproductive effects of long-term, low-dose exposure to disinfectant by-products have not been consistently documented in large populations despite the known toxicity of high exposures and the wide-spread occurrence of low concentrations in public drinking water. We investigated the effect of low-dose exposure to total trihalomethanes (TTHM) on birth weight and ...
Nijman Joppe - - 2013
Background: Detection of white matter (WM) abnormalities on MRI is important regarding the neurodevelopmental outcome in preterm infants. The long-term neurodevelopmental outcome of preterm infants with postnatal cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection has not been studied extensively. Objectives: We aimed to assess WM microstructure in preterm infants with postnatal CMV infection using ...
Oluwafemi Olubanke R - - 2013
Small-for-gestational age (SGA) newborns constitute a special group of neonates who may have suffered varying degrees of intrauterine insults and deprivation. Variations in birth weight, length and Ponderal Index (PI) depend on the type and degree of intrauterine insults the babies were exposed to. The objective of the study was ...
Chan Daisy - - 2013
ABSTRACT Aim: There is little information regarding the reference range for thyroid hormones in preterm babies, especially those with very low birth weight (VLBW) of less than 1500 grams. The objective of our study was to evaluate the relationship between thyroid hormone levels and post-menstrual age in a cohort of ...
Moss Brian G - - 2013
Abstract Purpose . To determine whether prepregnancy weight was associated with children's birth weight, early physical growth, and autism diagnosis. Design . Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort data. Setting . United States. Subjects . Representative sample of U.S. children followed from birth through kindergarten (n = 4800). Also, a subpopulation ...
Bussiere Jeanine L - - 2013
Denosumab is a monoclonal antibody that inhibits bone resorption by targeting RANKL, an essential mediator of osteoclast formation, function, and survival. Reproductive toxicity of denosumab was assessed in cynomolgus monkeys in an embryofetal development study (dosing GD20-50) and a pre-postnatal toxicity study (dosing GD20-parturition). In the embryofetal toxicity study, denosumab ...
Roberts Gehan - - 2013
To assess the self-reported quality of life, health status, self-esteem, and functional outcomes at age 18 years of extremely preterm (EP; <28 weeks gestation) or extremely low birth weight (ELBW; birth weight <1000 g) adolescents born in 1991-1992 compared with normal birth weight (birth weight >2499 g) controls, and, within the EP/ELBW cohort, to ...
Lin Shi Lin - - 2013
To examine whether mode of delivery was associated with childhood adiposity in a developed non-Western context. We used generalized estimating equations to estimate the association of mode of delivery (vaginal or cesarean) with body mass index (BMI) z-score and overweight (including obesity) from 3 months to 13 years, in 7809 ...
Fink Susanne - - 2013
Abstract Haemophiliacs and extremely premature infants are both at an increased risk for intracranial haemorrhage; both conditions might be further elevating the risk. We report a case of a very immature preterm-infant of 26 gestational weeks (birth weight 635g) with severe haemophilia A. Furthermore, we provide an overview of the ...
Zayek Michael Maurice - - 2013
In extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants, levels of hypercapnia (Paco2) > 60 mm Hg are considered a risk factor for severe intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH). Since cerebral vasoreactivity depends on arterial pH (apH) rather than Paco2, we hypothesize that the role of mild-to-moderate hypercapnia (45-60 mm Hg) in the occurrence ...
Pedersen Marie M Centre for Research in Environmental Epidemiology (CREAL), Barcelona, - - 2013
Tobacco-smoke, airborne, and dietary exposures to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) have been associated with reduced prenatal growth. Evidence from biomarker-based studies of low-exposed populations is limited. Bulky DNA adducts in cord blood reflect the prenatal effective dose to several genotoxic agents including PAHs. We estimated the association between bulky DNA ...
Fischer Céline Julie - - 2013
Whether early parenteral lipids improve postnatal growth of preterm neonates remains unclear. We aimed to assess the effects of parenteral lipids on growth velocity in extremely-low-birth-weight infants. This retrospective cohort study included 121 extremely-low-birth-weight infants. The associations between parenteral lipids (cumulative intakes during the first week and delays in their ...
Herfel Tina M - - 2013
Intestinal microbiota of infants differ in response to gestational age, delivery mode and feeding regimen. Dietary supplementation of probiotic bacteria is one method of promoting healthy populations. We examined the impact of a novel probiotic strain of Bifidobacterium longum (AH1206) on the health, growth and development of neonatal pigs as ...
Chang Chia-Huang - - 2013
The aim of this study was to explore the association between NP exposure and parity and their effect on neonatal birth weight. A cohort of pregnant women was established in a medical center in North Taiwan. Urinary NP concentration was determined by high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with fluorescent detection and ...
Flaherman Valerie J - - 2013
To examine the relationship between high (≥5%) weight loss during the first 24 h after birth and eventual excess weight loss (EWL) of ≥10% of birth weight. Retrospective cohort study. Kaiser Permanente Northern California hospitals. 63 096 infants born at ≥36 weeks in 2009-2010, of whom 59 761 (94.5%) had ...
Demont-Heinrich Christine M CM Epidemiology, Planning, and Communication, Tri-County Health Department, Greenwood Village, - - 2014
To determine the risk factors associated with having a very low birth weight (VLBW) infant as a follow-up to the first phase of a Perinatal Periods of Risk approach. Retrospective cohort analysis of birth certificates. Population-based sample of 53,427 birth certificates for the city under study during the years 1999-2006. ...
Ding G - - 2013
To determine whether the recently published A global reference for fetal-weight and birthweight percentiles (Global Reference) improves small- (SGA), appropriate- (AGA), and large-for-gestational-age (LGA) definitions in predicting infant mortality. Population-based cohort study. The US Linked Livebirth and Infant Death records between 1995 and 2004. Singleton births with birthweight >500 g born ...
Stoltz Sjöström Elisabeth - - 2013
To explore associations between energy and macronutrient intakes and early growth in extremely low gestational age (ELGA) infants. Retrospective population-based study of all ELGA infants (< 27 weeks) born in Sweden during 2004-07. Detailed data on nutrition and anthropometric measurements from birth to 70 days of postnatal age were retrieved ...
Pinto Maria Cristina F Guedes - - 2013
To analyze the implementation of a protocol proposed by the Brazilian National Health Surveillance Agency (Agência Nacional de Vigilância Sanitária - ANVISA) to improve sepsis diagnosis in very low birth weight newborns. This was a prospective study that evaluated the implementation of a protocol involving clinical and laboratory criteria (hematologic ...
Deribe Belay B Sirinka Agricultural Research Center, P.O. Box 74, Woldia, - - 2013
The study was conducted at Abergele in the semi arid parts of Sekota district to evaluate growth performance of Abergele goats managed under traditional management systems. Data on growth and growth rates were collected from 724 kids for two years. The least squares mean birth, three months, six months and ...
McCarthy Lisa K - - 2013
To determine the proportion of infants who had the tasks recommended in the neonatal resuscitation guidelines performed within 30 and 60 seconds of birth, and the time taken to perform each task. From video recordings in delivery rooms, we determined the time from birth and arrival on a resuscitation table ...
Tatar Aksoy Hatice - - 2013
We read with great interest the study by Dentali et al[1], published recently in this journal, which demonstrated that ABO blood group occurrence was not significantly different for patients with spontaneous ICH having different clinical outcomes and should not be used as a prognostic risk factor in these patients. Data ...
Lee Hye Ah - - 2013
Background: We used Mendelian randomization analysis to investigate the causal relationship between maternal homocysteine level, as represented by maternal methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) C677T genotype, with the birth weight of offspring.Methods: We recruited women at 24 to 28 weeks' gestation who visited Ewha Womans University Hospital for prenatal care during the ...
Schubert Ulf - - 2013
Preterm infants are at increased risk of early arterial growth arrest and cardiovascular mortality. We assessed intima-media thickness (IMT) - an early marker of accelerated vascular ageing - in very preterm infants. Longitudinal cohort study of 21 very preterm and 29 term infants, all with appropriate birth weights. IMT was ...
Park J W JW 0000000228008966 Department of Ophthalmology, Chonnam National University Medical School and Hospital, Gwangju, - - 2013
To evaluate the correlation between optic disc parameters and birth weight or gestational age in premature infants. RetCam fundal images were taken of 97 premature infants who needed screening for retinopathy of prematurity and who had no ischemic brain injury. The images were taken at a postmenstrual age of 36 ...
Raghuraman Rajendra P - - 2013
Twin infants tend to have LBW and microvascular alterations but do not appear to have an increase in cardiovascular mortality later in life as singleton infants. We hypothesized that twin infants born to normotensive mothers would not have capillary rarefaction at birth. We studied 26 dizygotic twin infants and compared ...
Savino F - - 2013
To investigate serum leptin levels in breast-fed and formula-fed infants in infancy and their possible relationship to body mass index (BMI) in childhood. We enrolled 237 healthy term infants between September 2000 and April 2004 and tested their serum leptin levels, took anthropometric measurements and calculated BMI. A follow-up study ...
Terrazzan Ana C - - 2013
Abstract Background: There are few studies concerning adiponectin and insulin concentration in cord blood of very low birth weight preterm (VLBW) and full-term newborns, small and appropriate for gestational age. Aim: To compare adiponectin and insulin concentrations between preterm and full-term infants, and to determine their relation with birth weight ...
Ramel S E - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:To investigate the association between early hyperglycemia and growth and development from hospital discharge to 2 years corrected age (CA) in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants.STUDY DESIGN:Blood glucose levels during the first 14 days after birth, weight, length and occipital-frontal circumference (OFC) at birth, hospital discharge and 4, 12 ...
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