Search Results
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Jarvis Melanie - - 2013
AIM: To study the impact on newborn behavioural states and accuracy of three infrared thermometers compared with digital axillary thermometer measurements in very low birth weight infants. METHODS: Single-centre prospective observational study. Preterm infants born <1500-g birth weight were eligible. Infants were observed for pre-measurement behaviour state using a five-point ...
Rancourt Rebecca C - - 2013
Imprinted genes are monoallelically expressed according to the parent of origin and are critical for proper placental and embryonic development. Disruption of methylation patterns at imprinted loci resulting in loss of imprinting (LOI) may lead to serious imprinting disorders (e.g., Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome) and is described in some cancers (e.g., Wilms' ...
Dirienzo A Gregory - - 2013
This paper proposes and evaluates an objective methodology to select a parsimonious conditional-mean model when faced with multiple candidate predictor variables. The methodology attempts to fine-tune a well-established covariate screening method such as iterative sure independence screening with smoothly clipped absolute deviation penalty by using the following: (i) cross-validated or ...
Rossman Beverly - - 2013
Background:Mothers who deliver a premature infant often choose to provide milk because it is the "one thing that only the mother can do" to optimize her infant's outcome, helps mothers feel a connection with their infants, and helps relieve the guilt associated with the preterm birth.Objective:The purpose of this study ...
Shaw Richard J RJ Department of Health Sciences, University of York, York, - - 2013
In the United States, Hispanic mothers have birth outcomes comparable to those of White mothers despite lower socioeconomic status. The contextual effects of Hispanic neighborhoods may partially explain this "Hispanic paradox." We investigated whether this benefit extends to other ethnic groups. We used multilevel logistic regression to investigate whether the ...
Brunner Stefanie - - 2013
Objective: To investigate the effect of reducing the n-6/n-3 fatty acid ratio in maternal nutrition on the maternal and cord blood leptin axis and their association with infant body composition up to 2 years. Design and Methods: 208 healthy pregnant women were randomized to either dietary intervention to reduce the ...
Chauhan Suneet P - - 2013
We examined the rate of detecting small for gestational age (SGA; birth weight < 10%) as intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) prenatally at four centers and determined risks of composite neonatal morbidity (CNM) and mortality among detected versus undetected (no antenatal diagnosis of IUGR). A multicenter cohort study of 11,487 nonanomalous, ...
West Jane - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown markedly lower birth weight among infants of South Asian origin compared with those of White European origin. Whether such differences mask greater adiposity in South Asian infants and whether they persist across generations in contemporary UK populations is unclear. Our aim was to compare birth ...
Rose Olga - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:To examine the relationship between gestational age and mental and psychomotor development scores in healthy infants born between 37 and 41 weeks.METHODS:The cohort included 1562 participants enrolled during infancy in an iron deficiency anemia preventive trial in Santiago, Chile. All participants were healthy, full-term (37-41 weeks) infants who weighed 3 ...
Wahabi Hayfaa A - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Maternal exposure to tobacco smoke during pregnancy is associated with detrimental effects on the mother and the fetus including; impaired fetal growth, low birth weight and preterm delivery. In utero exposure to tobacco is implicated in the etiology of many adults' diseases including obesity, diabetes and hypertension.The objectives of ...
Meyers Jeffrey M - - 2013
Abstract Objective: This study was undertaken to assess the potential influence of total parenteral nutrition (TPN) on body composition (BC) in preterm infants. Study Design: This prospective, observational study of infants born < 35 weeks measured BC at discharge using air displacement plethysmography. The % body fat (BF) at discharge ...
Buckles Kasey S - - 2013
Previous research has found a positive relationship between marriage and infant health, but it is unclear whether this relationship is causal or a reflection of positive selection into marriage. We use multiple empirical approaches to address this issue. First, using a technique developed by Gelbach (2009) to determine the relative ...
Elizabeth Nabiwemba L - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Achieving Millennium Development Goal 4 is dependent on significantly reducing neonatal mortality. Low birth weight is an underlying factor in most neonatal deaths. In developing countries the missed opportunity for providing life saving care is mainly a result of failure to identify low birth weight newborns. This study aimed ...
Tanaka H - - 2013
AIM: The aim of this study was to compare the growth of Japanese infants that were exclusively breastfed to those of national references and World Health Organization (WHO) standards. METHODS: Mothers, who delivered a normal term baby and had been exclusively breastfeeding for at least 4 months, were enrolled. The ...
Puccio Giuseppe - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) and small for gestational age (SGA) birth have been considered possible indicators of the presence of malformations. The aim of this study is to evaluate such relationships in a population of newborns, along with other epidemiological and auxological parameters, in particular the ponderal index (PI). ...
Fujiwara Takeo - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of income inequality and parental socioeconomic status on several birth outcomes in Japan. Data were collected on birth outcomes and parental socioeconomic status by questionnaire from Japanese parents nationwide (n = 41,499) and then linked to Gini coefficients at the ...
Urbanek Margrit - - 2013
Large and small for gestational age newborns are not only at risk for increased mortality and morbidity during the first year of life, but also at risk of obesity and dysglycemia as children and adults. The intrauterine environment and fetal genes contribute to fetal size at birth. To define the ...
Webster Vana - - 2013
AIM: The aims of this paper are to describe the growth of urban Australian Aboriginal infants from birth to 24 months of age and to identify the proportion of these infants experiencing rapid weight gain (RWG) and overweight/obesity. METHODS: The Gudaga Study is a longitudinal birth cohort of 159 Australian ...
Marton Tamas - - 2013
Abstract Background: a proportion of antepartum/intrapartum stillbirths (IUD), with normal or elevated body weight (BW) centile also show an elevated brain/liver weight ratio. We postulate that this may be an indication of intrauterine malnourishment/incipient intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR), which may have a bearing on the cause of death. Design: searching ...
Okuma Cecilia - - 2013
Background: Very low birth weight (VLBW) children have higher risk of neurologic disabilities and growth factors are essential for brain maturation. Aim: To assess whether there are differences in neurologic findings, psychometric parameters and microstructural brain morphology in 1-year-old VLBW infants versus term healthy controls and whether these differences are ...
Trevisanuto Daniele - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To determine whether there is an association between histological chorioamnionitis (HCA) and postnatal growth of preterm infants in the neonatal period. Methods: This case-control study is part of a larger prospective histological study on placentas performed in all deliveries prior to 32 weeks of gestation. Eligible cases involved ...
Overman Alison E - - 2013
BACKGROUND:Despite advances in care of critically ill neonates, extended mechanical ventilation and tracheostomy are sometimes required. Few studies focus on complications and clinical outcomes. Our aim was to provide long-term outcomes for a cohort of infants who required tracheostomy.METHODS:This study is a retrospective review of 165 infants born between January ...
Joseph K S - - 2013
BACKGROUND:After decades of decline, stillbirth rates have increased in several industrialized countries in recent years. We examined data from the province of British Columbia, Canada, in an attempt to explain this unexpected phenomenon. METHODS:We carried out a retrospective population-based cohort study of all births in British Columbia from 2000 to ...
Peng Mei - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the developmental effects of atypical antipsychotics on infants who were born to mothers taking an atypical antipsychotic throughout pregnancy. METHOD: The developmental progress of 76 infants who experienced fetal exposure to atypical antipsychotics was compared to that of 76 matched control infants who had ...
Agarwal Ramesh - - 2013
Serum retinol levels of low birth weight (LBW) and normal birth weight (NBW) infants were evaluated at birth and 3 months using high performance liquid chromatography. At birth, levels were 13.3±8.2 ug/dL in LBW (n=146) and 14.0±6.2 ug/dL in NBW infants (n=79; p=0.51), with 41.1% of LBW and 24.1% of ...
Chaudhari Sudha - - 2013
To assess the cognitive development of non-handicapped low birth weight (LBW) infants at 18 years. Prospective cohort study. Infants born between 1987 - 1989 with birth weight less than 2000g discharged from a neonatal special care unit and followed up till the age of 18 years. The intelligence quotient (IQ) ...
Kong Kyoung Ae - - 2013
Adiponectin has been associated with insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes mellitus and possibly fetal growth. Our aim was to assess the association between the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the adiponectin gene (ADIPOQ) and the birth sizes. We investigated four SNPs of ADIPOQ (rs182052, rs2241766, rs1501299, and rs266729) and ...
Said Mohamed Ben - - 2013
AIM: To compare the efficacy and tolerance of betamethasone (BTM) and hydrocortisone (HC) in weaning extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) from the ventilator. METHODS: Monocentric, retrospective, cohort analysis based on prospective, standardized collection of data between 2005 and 2011 in ELBW receiving postnatal steroids (PS) ...
Tang Rong - - 2013
Many phenols are known to mimic or antagonize hormonal activities and may adversely affect fetal growth. A study of 567 pregnant women was conducted to investigate the relationship between prenatal phenol exposure and birth outcomes, including birth weight, length, and gestational age. We measured the concentrations of bisphenol A, benzophenone-3, ...
Däbritz Jan - - 2013
OBJECTIVES:: To determine whether longitudinal measurements of fecal S100A12, a damage associated molecular pattern protein, which is released from neutrophils or monocytes under stress, can detect very low birth weight (VLBW) infants at risk of intestinal distress apart from necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). METHODS:: This prospective study included 46 VLBW infants ...
Hummer Michael - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this paper is to analyze the impact of low birth weight (LBW) and very low birth weight (VLBW) on health care utilization in childhood and early adolescence. DATA/METHODS: Using Austrian health insurance administrative panel data linked to the Austrian birth register, we estimate the effects of ...
Jimenez-Gomez Gema - - 2013
Abstract Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) is a potent mitogen and morphogen expressed in fetal organs. It requires activation by specific serine proteases. The role of activated HGF during fetal development has not been evaluated. We hypothesized that the serum levels of activated HGF would be increased in preterm neonates. Cord ...
Gibbs B G - - 2013
WHAT IS ALREADY KNOWN ABOUT THIS SUBJECT: Children from low socioeconomic households are at greater risk of obesity. Children predominantly breastfed have a reduced risk of early childhood obesity. Yet, it is not known how feeding patterns mediate the relationship between social class and obesity. WHAT THIS STUDY ADDS: Based ...
Thomas Marc D - - 2013
: Normal nasolabial anatomy has received little attention in infants younger than 1 year. However, the notion of an ideal lip and nose is critical to reconstruction of this region, especially for cleft lip and nose repair. The purpose of this study was to quantitatively define the normal nasolabial anatomy ...
Lau Carissa - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:Infant mortality rates (IMR) and neonatal mortality rates (NMR) in the United States have not decreased recently. The purpose of this study was to determine the contributions of birth weight and gestational age subgroups to the IMR and NMR in the United States.METHODS:We used the most recent (1983-2005) US linked ...
Rai Esther - - 2013
Neonatal intensive care has come a long way, and the advances in the field have led to increased survival rates of preterm infants over the past few decades. These survivors of extreme prematurity are now reaching adolescence and young adulthood; an increasing number of studies have been published on the ...
Atalay Deniz - - 2013
To evaluate mortality and short-term outcomes in very low birth weight infants admitted to the tertiary neonatal intensive care unit, Istanbul, Turkey. Study data were recorded prospectively from January 1, 2010, to December 31, 2010. The clinical findings in neonates with birth weights <1000g were compared with infants with birth ...
Brunherotti Marisa A A - - 2013
Preterm newborns have higher thoracic compliance, providing less stability to the different forces of distortion imposed on the rib cage, leading to instability of the chest. Adequate body position may reduce this instability and facilitate respiratory work. To assess the oxygen saturation response of preterm newborns receiving rib cage stabilization ...
Rodriguez Emmanuelle B - - 2013
Gait acquisition is supported by changes in the neuromusculoskeletal system of the child. Changes in the dimensions of the body structures resulting from the growth of the child partly explain gait improvement in the first year of life. To evaluate whether changes in body mass and leg length modulate the ...
Barron David J - - 2013
Management of the cyanotic neonate with tetralogy of Fallot (ToF) remains a challenging condition. Outcomes for single-stage repair of ToF have steadily improved over the past 30 years and the best results have been achieved with repair between 3 and 9 months of age. The traditional management of cyanotic neonates ...
Narang Manish - - 2013
A descriptive study was conducted with an objective to determine the predictors of mortality among referred neonates and to ascertain their transport characteristics. A total of 300 consecutive neonates who were transferred to the centre were enrolled in the study. Following information were recorded: maternal details, birth details, interventions before ...
Shaw Gary M GM Department of Pediatrics, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, CA 94305, - - 2013
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is the most common chronic lung disease in infants. Its treatment imposes considerable healthcare burden and costs in the perinatal and early childhood period and patients are usually left with lifelong deficits in lung function. Evidence exists for different pathophysiologic pathways that can promote the structural changes ...
Gage Timothy B TB Department of Anthropology, University at Albany-SUNY, Albany, NY 12222, USA. - - 2013
This research determines whether the observed decline in infant mortality with socioeconomic level, operationalized as maternal education (dichotomized as college or more, versus high school or less), is due to its "indirect" effect (operating through birth weight) and/or to its "direct" effect (independent of birth weight). The data used are ...
Chibber Rachana - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To review the maternal and fetal outcome of triplet, quadruplet and quintuplet gestations following ART, which were managed at a hospital over 11 years. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review of 150 triplet, 27 quadruplet, and 6 quintuplet pregnancies between January 2001 and December 2011. 25 women aged 50-56 years with triplet ...
Ross J R - - 2013
Objective:Determine the incidence of refeeding syndrome, defined by the presence of hypophosphatemia in very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants with intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) compared with those without IUGR.Study design:In this retrospective cohort study, VLBW infants admitted over a 10-year period (271 IUGR and 1982 non-IUGR) were evaluated for specific electrolyte abnormalities in ...
Polito Angelo - - 2013
PURPOSE: To study the association between congenital heart diseases (CHD) and in-hospital mortality and morbidity of very preterm/very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. METHODS: The area-based prospective cohort study ACTION included all infants with gestational age (GA) 22-31 weeks or birth weight <1,500 g admitted to neonatal care between July 2003 and ...
Tauzin Laurent - - 2013
AIM: The use of plain radiographs provides limited information on the placement of peripherally inserted central catheters. Moreover, changes in upper extremity positioning cause migration of the catheters in neonates. This study aimed to investigate the use of echocardiography for determining catheter tip position, compared with plain radiographs, in low ...
Vidal A C - - 2013
Objectives:Low birth weight (LBW) has been associated with common adult-onset chronic diseases, including obesity, cardiovascular disease, type II diabetes and some cancers. The etiology of LBW is multi-factorial. However, recent evidence suggests exposure to antibiotics may also increase the risk of LBW. The mechanisms underlying this association are unknown, although ...
Shin Youn Ho - - 2013
Previous studies suggest that maternal characteristics may be associated with neonatal outcomes. However, the influence of maternal characteristics on birth weight (BW) has not been adequately determined in Korean populations. We investigated associations between maternal characteristics and BW in a sample of 813 Korean women living in the Seoul metropolitan ...
Bocca-Tjeertes Inger F A - - 2013
Background: Fullterm small-for-gestational-age children (SGAs) are known for their ability to catch up on growth. Nevertheless, increased risk of growth restriction remains. Evidence on preterm SGA children's growth is lacking. Objective: To determine absolute gains in height and weight, relative growth, and growth restriction in preterm SGAs from 0 to ...
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