Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 2648
< 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 >
Hong Borah J - - 2013
The study objective was to evaluate risk factors for poor weight gain in infants with hypoplastic left heart syndrome after stage 1 palliation. We reviewed all term infants with hypoplastic left heart syndrome who had stage 1 palliation and stage 2 palliation at Texas Children's Hospital between 2000 and 2011 ...
Kildea Sue - - 2013
Indigenous Australians experience significantly disproportionate poorer health outcomes compared to their non-Indigenous counterparts. Despite the recognised importance of maternal infant health (MIH), there is surprisingly little empirical research to guide service redesign that successfully addresses the disparities. This paper reports on a service evaluation that also compared key MIH indicators ...
De Paepe Monique E - - 2013
Assessment of lung growth is a critical component of the perinatal autopsy. Increased lung liquid content may lead to overestimation of lung growth based on (wet) lung weight. In contrast, lung volume is not influenced by intraalveolar lung liquid. Our aim was to establish age-specific reference values for postmortem lung ...
Piyasena Chinthika - - 2013
We tested the ability of the 'Weight, IGF-1, Neonatal Retinopathy of Prematurity (WINROP)' clinical algorithm to detect preterm infants at risk of severe Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP) in a birth cohort in the South East of Scotland. In particular, we asked the question: 'are weekly weight measurements essential when using ...
Agarwal Ramesh - - 2013
Serum ferritin levels of low birth weight (LBW; BW < 2,500 g) and normal birth weight (NBW; BW ≥ 2,500 g) infants were evaluated at birth and at 3 mo using electrochemiluminescence immunoassay. At birth, levels were 318.6 (31.0-829.5) ng/mL in LBW (n = 217) and 366.2 (122.4-858.5) ng/mL in NBW infants (n = 116; p < 0.01), with 1.4 % of LBW and ...
Stark Ann R AR Division of Neonatology, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN. Electronic address: - - 2014
To evaluate the incidence of death or neurodevelopmental impairment (NDI) at 18-22 months corrected age in subjects enrolled in a trial of early dexamethasone treatment to prevent death or chronic lung disease in extremely low birth weight infants. Evaluation of infants at 18-22 months corrected age included anthropomorphic measurements, a ...
Belsches Theodore C TC Department of Pediatrics, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, - - 2013
Term infants in resource-poor settings frequently develop hypothermia during the first hours after birth. Plastic bags or wraps are a low-cost intervention for the prevention of hypothermia in preterm and low birth weight infants that may also be effective in term infants. Our objective was to test the hypothesis that ...
Sannia Andrea - - 2013
Abstract In recent decades, there has been a general increase in survival rates of preterm and low birth weight infants, but this overall decrease in perinatal mortality has not been accompanied by a decrease in long-term physical and mental disability. In order to reduce the long-term sequelae of prematurity and ...
Kuperman Amir A - - 2013
Abstract During the last few decades, the survival of preterm infants has increased dramatically. Nevertheless, with the increasing number of very young and extremely low birth weight infants, morbidity is still a major problem. Intraventricular Haemorrhage (IVH) is a major complication of preterm birth, and large haemorrhages or haemorrhages associated ...
Parodi Alessandro - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To assess diagnostic accuracy of cranial ultrasonography (CUS) in detecting low-grade (i.e. grade I and grade II) germinal matrix hemorrhage-intraventricular hemorrhage (GMH-IVH) in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. Methods: Among VLBW infants who were admitted to Gaslini Children's Hospital neonatal intensive care unit between January and November ...
Ethridge J K JK - - 2013
Abstract Objective To evaluate the accuracy of ultrasound fetal weight estimation (EFW) near viability, and to determine the adequacy of use of EFW in place of birth weight (BWT) for predicting prognosis for infants born near the limit of viability. Methods Retrospective chart review of women delivering between 22(0/7) and ...
Kryst Lukasz - - 2013
Abstract Background: Analyses of birth parameters worldwide reveal relatively high variability over time, often related to socioeconomic factors. Aim: The aim was to determine the existence of inter-generational changes in birth parameters in Kraków (Poland) in recent years and factors responsible. Subjects and methods: This research analysed data on 7800 ...
Hales J - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate effects of individual physical charac-teristics on preweaning survival and growth of piglets born in a non-crate system. Data were collected from 3,402 neonatal piglets from 203 Landrace × Yorkshire sows housed in non-crate pens in a commercial Danish sow herd. Piglets were ...
Zhang Jun - - 2013
Reference tools based on birth weight percentiles at a given gestational week have long been used to define fetuses or infants that are small or large for their gestational ages. However, important deficiencies of the birth weight reference are being increasingly recognized. Overwhelming evidence indicates that an ultrasonography-based fetal weight ...
Carberry Angela E - - 2013
Customized birth weight charts that incorporate maternal characteristics are now being adopted into clinical practice. However, there is controversy surrounding the value of these charts in the prediction of growth and perinatal outcomes. The objective of this study was to assess the use of customized charts in predicting growth, defined ...
Valvi Damaskini - - 2013
Objective: To examine the effects of prenatal exposure to persistent organic pollutants (POPs) on rapid growth in the first 6 months of life and overweight at 14 months of age. Design and Methods: In a Spanish birth cohort study, the POPs dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene (DDE), hexachlorobenzene (HCB) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs - ...
Basterrechea Mikel - - 2013
To investigate the possible association between birth size or gestational length and maternal serum concentrations of hexachlorobenzene (HCB) in a population exposed to background levels. A total of 1568 mother-child pairs recruited in three Spanish areas (INMA Project) from 2004 to 2008 participated in the study. Multivariate analysis was performed ...
Bergmeier H - - 2013
It is a research priority to identify modifiable risk factors to improve the effectiveness of childhood obesity prevention strategies. Research, however, has largely overlooked the role of child temperament and personality implicated in obesogenic risk factors such as maternal feeding and body mass index (BMI) of preschoolers. A systematic review ...
Kahramaner Zelal - - 2013
Preterm infants usually have multiple comorbidities that affect spleen and liver. Ultrasonographic measurement of organ sizes is an important and reliable parameter in evaluation of spleen and liver pathology in preterm newborns. The purpose of this study was to determine reference values of ultrasonographic measurements of the liver and spleen ...
Chawla Deepak - - 2013
The objective of this study was to evaluate the correlation and agreement between transcutaneous and serum bilirubin among preterm low-birth-weight neonates. Neonates born at <35 weeks of gestation with birth weight <2,000 g were enrolled prospectively. Transcutaneous bilirubin (TcB) was measured at forehead, sternum, and abdomen at 24 ± 6 and 72 ± 12 h after birth ...
Singh Avantika - - 2013
To evaluate the factors associated with low birth weight (LBW) and to formulate a scale to predict the probability of having a LBW infant. This hospital based case-control study was conducted in a tertiary care university hospital in North India. The study included 250 LBW neonates and 250 neonates with ...
Demauro Sara B - - 2013
To determine whether routine echocardiography increases diagnosis and treatment of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) and whether randomized non-disclosure is a feasible strategy for studying PDA management. 2 center pilot randomized, controlled trial. 88 infants with birth weights <1250 grams and gestational ages <30 weeks were randomized to disclosure or non-disclosure ...
Kirpalani Haresh - - 2013
To reduce the risk of bronchopulmonary dysplasia in extremely-low-birth-weight infants, clinicians attempt to minimize the use of endotracheal intubation by the early introduction of less invasive forms of positive airway pressure. We randomly assigned 1009 infants with a birth weight of less than 1000 g and a gestational age of ...
Lee H C - - 2013
Objective:To develop a length of stay (LOS) model for extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants.Study Design:We included infants from the California Perinatal Quality Care Collaborative with birth weight 401 to 1000 g who were discharged to home. Exclusion criteria were congenital anomalies, surgery and death. LOS was defined as days from ...
Fernandez-Alvarez Jose Ramon - - 2013
Despite the paucity of evidence, the practice of weaning nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) is widespread. However, the most clinically effective non-invasive ventilatory support strategy remains to be determined. We compared the outcome of very premature infants with respiratory distress syndrome treated with a combination of NCPAP and heated ...
Gooden M - - 2013
Objective To determine the best predictor of mortality risk in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants in resource limited settings.Methods The Clinical Risk Index for Babies (CRIB) II score and the simplified age-weight-sex (SAWS) score for all VLBW infants born during the period January 2005 to June 2006 at the ...
Kitazawa Shigetaka - - 2013
Preterm infants are at risk for metabolic bone disease and suboptimal growth. We aimed to examine the hypothesis that, apart from prematurity, intrauterine growth status (expressed as gestational age-specific birth weight standard deviation score) influences bone mineralization and body composition in early infancy. In this retrospective study, groups consisted of ...
Chen Ying-Yao - - 2013
The relationship between hemoglobin and patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) has not been discussed before. In this study, we sought to assess the influence of hemoglobin and perinatal factors on PDA in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. Using data from the Premature Baby Foundation of Taiwan (PBFA), the characteristics, perinatal ...
Pfister Katie M - - 2013
Background:Preterm infants are at risk for long-term neurodevelopmental impairment as a function of postnatal nutritional status. Despite adequate neonatal weight gain, preterm infants have altered body composition, with lower fat-free mass (FFM) and higher adiposity at term corrected gestational age (CGA) than their term counterparts. The relationship between postnatal body ...
Abar Beau - - 2013
The current study seeks to compare the effects of prenatal methamphetamine exposure (PME) on infant and child physical growth between the USA and New Zealand (NZ). This cross-national comparison provides a unique opportunity to examine the potential impact of services provided to drug using mothers on child health. The longitudinal ...
Wang Xinli - - 2013
Infancy is the fastest growth period in a child's development after birth, but little is known about hormonal regulation mechanism for the growth and development of this period. The objective of this study is to analyze the trend of serum IGF-1 levels in healthy infants and the relationship of IGF-1 ...
Kandasamy Y - - 2013
Northern Queensland is unique in that the proportion of Aboriginal and Torres Straits Islander (ATSI) communities is higher than the rest of Australia. The aim of this study was to describe the characteristics of term admissions of low birth weight (LBW; birth weight < 2,500 g) and small for gestational age ...
Burattini Ilaria - - 2013
To compare the effect of 2.5 vs 4 g/kg/d of amino acid (AA) in parenteral nutrition of extremely low birth weight infants on metabolic tolerance, short-term growth, and neurodevelopment. One hundred thirty-one infants with birth weight between 500 and 1249 g were randomized to 2.5 (standard AA [SAA] group) or 4 ...
Cole Tim J TJ MRC Centre of Epidemiology for Child Health, UCL Institute of Child Health, , London, - - 2014
To describe birth weight and postnatal weight gain in a contemporaneous population of babies born <32 weeks' gestation, using routinely captured electronic clinical data. Anonymised longitudinal weight data from 2006 to 2011. National Health Service neonatal units in England. Birth weight centiles were constructed using the LMS method, and longitudinal ...
Zhang Rong - - 2013
The objective of this study was to assess the value of ultrasonic backscatter signals and the backscatter coefficient (BSC) in the analysis of bone status in neonates and to analyze the relationships between the BSC and gestational age, birth weight, length, head circumference and gender. A total of 122 neonates ...
Ramachandran Selvam - - 2013
The preterm very low birth weight infants are at high risk of developing neurodevelopmental delay despite little or no medical complications at the time of birth. The care and interventions of such infants have an impact on the pre-existing risk. The Developmental Care Interventions (DCI) are the range of treatment ...
Leibovitz Eugene - - 2013
Background: Knowledge of fungal colonization patterns in very low birth weight infants (VLBWI) admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) is essential in understanding the process of fungal infections in neonates. We analyzed prospectively, during 2009-2010, the patterns and dynamics of fungal colonization in VLBWI, including timing, colonization sites, ...
Erdemir Aydin - - 2013
Ultrasonographic measurement of kidney dimensions is important in evaluation of renal disease in preterm infants who have multiple comorbidities that affect renal function. The purpose of this study was to determine the reference ranges of kidney dimensions in preterm newborns and to provide a chart to use easily in daily ...
Chihara Izumi - - 2013
To investigate the relationship between gestational weight gain (GWG) and birthweight outcomes among a low-income population in Hawaii using GWG recommendations from the 2009 Institute of Medicine (IOM) guidelines. Data were analyzed for 19,130 mother-infant pairs who participated in Hawaii's Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children from ...
Thakur Neha - - 2013
Perinatal care has changed dramatically over last decade contributing to improved survival of extremely low birthweight (ELBW) babies. We conducted the present study with the objective to identify immediate obstetric causes of preterm delivery; analyse the maternal risk factors and to evaluate the morbidity and mortality of ELBW babies delivered ...
Jorge Eliane C - - 2013
Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a complex condition of the developing retinal blood vessels and is one of the leading causes of preventable childhood blindness. Several risk factors for ROP have been studied over the past 50 years. Among them, general immaturity (low birth weight and low gestational age) and ...
Olbrich Peter - - 2013
To determine human beta-defensin-2 levels in term and preterm neonates at birth and to evaluate its impact on sepsis. Observational study. Single tertiary care hospital. Term neonates and preterm neonates were recruited and divided in groups according to important clinical events. Cord blood samples were drawn from all newborns immediately ...
Molloy Carly S - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVESOcular growth and development differs between preterm and term-born infants and may cause long-term negative consequences for visual function, but contemporary data on long-term visual outcomes in representative samples of the highest risk extremely low birth weight (ELBW, <1000 g birth weight) or extremely preterm (EP, <28 weeks' ...
Brunner S - - 2013
The intrauterine metabolic environment might have a programming effect on offspring body composition. We aimed to explore associations of maternal variables of glucose and lipid metabolism during pregnancy, as well as cord blood insulin, with infant growth and body composition up to 2 years post-partum. Data of pregnant women and their ...
Fonseca Nívea D - - 2014
In the present study we determine the contents of isoflavones and soyasaponins in seven soy-based infant formulas available in the Brazilian market to estimate the intake of these bioactive compounds by infants. The mean contents of isoflavones and soyasaponins were 65.9mg/kg and 55.0mg/100g, respectively. β-Glycosylated isoflavones and soyasaponin B-I were ...
Guo Bao-Qiang BQ MOE-Shanghai Key Laboratory of Children's Environmental Health, Xinhua Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, 1665 Kongjiang Road, Shanghai 200092, - - 2013
We determined the levels of prenatal Hg exposure in Wujiang City, located in the southeast of Taihu Lake in China's Jiangsu Province, and analyze the relationship between prenatal exposure to Hg and neonatal anthropometry, including birth weight, body length, and head circumference. From June 2009 to July 2010, a total ...
Huisma Felicity - - 2013
The neonate born small for gestational age (SGA, birth weight <10th centile) with severe hypospadias, and without the presence of other malformations, is a presentation which clinical geneticists are asked to assess. However, this combination is not well addressed in the literature. Epidemiological studies point to an increased incidence and ...
Giovannetti A M - - 2013
Preterm birth is associated with variable degrees of brain injury, adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes and continuing special health care needs. This observational, retrospective and cross-sectional study aims to describe the functional features of VLBW infants using the ICF-CY classification and to identify the association between gender, twinship, birth weight, gestational age, ...
Cederbaum Julie A - - 2013
Emerging literature suggests that maternal exposure to stress and adversity throughout the life course may have health consequences for offspring. To examine the maltreatment history of adolescent mothers as an independent predictor of infant birth weight. Birth records for all infants born between 2007 and 2009 to mothers aged 12-19 ...
Kerecman Jay - - 2013
Cholestasis affects 50% of extremely low-birth-weight infants. Its etiology remains poorly understood and the extent of liver injury in these infants is unclear. The premature baboon model provides an opportunity to study neonatal liver disease. We characterize hepatic histopathologic changes in this model. Archival tissue and data were obtained from ...
< 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 >