Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 2698
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Clapin Helen - - 2013
Abstract Background: The World Health Organization (WHO) has recommended measurement of neonatal thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) as a marker of population iodine status. A population is considered iodine sufficient when <3% of neonatal blood samples collected 3-4 days after birth have TSH concentrations >5 mIU/L. However, changes in technology and clinical ...
Jardim-Botelho Anne - - 2013
Objective: To investigate infant overweight and rapid weight gain as predictors of overweight and adiposity in childhood.Methods: Prospective, longitudinal birth cohort following 153 low-income Brazilian children. Weight, length, middle upper arm circumference (MUAC) and triceps skinfold thickness (TSF) were measured on enrolment and 6-monthly for 18 months. Anthropometric z-scores were ...
Pogribna U - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:Diffusion tensor imaging at term can predict later development of cerebral palsy. Less is known about its ability to independently predict cognitive and language development in extremely preterm infants. The goals of the study were to investigate the following: 1) whether regional DTI measures at term-equivalent age in ...
Mogarekar Mukund Ramchandra - - 2013
To evaluate arylesterase and lactonase activity of paraoxonase (PON)1 in cord blood of neonates in relation to their birth weight. The authors hypothesized that cord blood PON1 arylesterase and lactonase activities will be compromised in neonates having low birth weight. Eighty neonates born in authors' hospital, irrespective of mode of ...
Wilson-Ching Michelle - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate attention difficulties in a contemporary geographic cohort of adolescents born extremely preterm (EP, <28 weeks' gestation) or extremely low birth weight (ELBW, birth weight <1000 g). The EP/ELBW group included 228 adolescents (mean age = 17.0 years) born in Victoria, Australia in ...
Kouwaki Masanori - - 2013
Objective: Spontaneous movements at 2months of corrected age in preterm infants with intellectual disability (ID) were investigated by assessing individual motor elements separated from movements involving the entire body. Methods: Video recordings of 20 preterm infants with ID (16 males, 4 females; median gestational age 26weeks; median birth weight 810g) ...
El-Dib Mohamed - - 2013
Abstract Background: Although the maturation of Sleep wake cycling (SWC) in premature infants has been described, its value in predicting neurodevelopmental outcome (NDO) is yet to be known. Objective: To examine the relationship between NDO and SWC evaluated by amplitude integrated electroencephalogram (aEEG) in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. ...
Simchen Michal J - - 2013
Abstract Objective: Sex differences in long and short-term outcomes for infants are observed. This has also been shown for several neonatal complications in preterm neonates. We aimed to evaluate whether sex impacts neonatal outcome among term neonates. Furthermore, we were interested in whether small-for gestational age male and female neonates ...
Lee A - - 2013
Very preterm newborn infants often need cardiovascular support. More knowledge about myocardial function and factors that influence the immature myocardium may be helpful for optimising cardiovascular support in these infants. Serial assessment of global myocardial function by means of colour tissue Doppler imaging (cTDI) in very and extremely preterm infants ...
Ferri Cláudia - - 2013
Objective: To determine the prevalence of iron-deficiency anemia and iron deficiency at 1 year of corrected age (CA) in preterm very-low-birth-weight infants, and to identify risk factors for iron-deficiency anemia.Methods: A cohort of infants with birth weight <1500 g and gestational age <34 weeks on iron prophylaxis were followed up ...
Bora Reeta - - 2013
Abstract Objectives: To determine the prevalence of anemia in pregnant women and characterize it's effect on neonatal outcome in Northeast India. Patients and Methods: Four hundred and seventy mothers and their newborn infants during a one month period were included. The association between maternal hemoglobin (Hb) at delivery and neonatal ...
Serce Ozge - - 2013
Probiotics have strain specific effects and the effects of fungi in preventing diseases in preterm infants have been investigated poorly. Saccharomyces boulardii is a yeast which acts both as a probiotic and a polyamine producer. The objective of this study was to investigate the efficacy of S. boulardii in preventing ...
Fauroux B - - 2013
SUMMARY The aim of this study was to describe the incidence and risk factors for respiratory morbidity during the 12-month period following the first respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) season in 242 preterm infants [<33 weeks gestational age (GA)] without bronchopulmonary dysplasia and 201 full-term infants (39-41 weeks GA) from the ...
Rossen Lauren M - - 2013
Objectives. We sought to measure overall disparities in pregnancy outcome, incorporating data from the many race and ethnic groups that compose the US population, to improve understanding of how disparities may have changed over time. Methods. We used Birth Cohort Linked Birth-Infant Death Data Files from US Vital Statistics from ...
Solmi Francesca - - 2013
A growing body of literature has investigated the association between maternal anorexia nervosa and pregnancy outcomes. Infant low birth weight is associated with a number of neurodevelopmental and physical sequelae; however, consistent results on its association with maternal anorexia nervosa are scant. Therefore, a systematic review and meta-analysis of the ...
Smilowitz Jennifer T JT Departments of Food Science and - - 2013
Breast milk delivers nutrition and protection to the developing infant. There has been considerable research on the high-molecular-weight milk components; however, low-molecular-weight metabolites have received less attention. To determine the effect of maternal phenotype and diet on the human milk metabolome, milk collected at day 90 postpartum from 52 healthy ...
Suciu Laura Mihaela - - 2013
Birth before 28 weeks of gestation is associated with high mortality and morbidity. The purpose of this study was to examine characteristics associated with in-hospital mortality and morbidity among extremely-low-birth-weight neonates admitted to three tertiary care centers in Romania. The study was conducted in three Romanian hospitals with Level III ...
Brennan Sonja - - 2013
Low birth weight (LBW, <2500 g) infants have a reduced number of glomeruli and nephrons and, therefore, smaller kidneys. The purpose of this pilot study was to determine whether renal parenchymal thickness might be a better indicator of renal growth. We carried out a pilot study over 12 mo to determine whether ...
Sjaarda Lindsey A LA Division of Intramural Population Health Research, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, - - 2014
Using a cohort of 110,447 singleton, term pregnancies, we aimed to validate the previously proposed customized standard of large-for-gestational-age (LGA) birthweight, derive an additional customized LGA model excluding maternal weight, and evaluate the association between differing definitions of customized LGA and perinatal morbidities. Three customized LGA classifications, in addition to ...
Zhang Qian - - 2013
To evaluate the value of N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) levels along with spontaneous breathing trial (SBT) in the prediction of ventilator weaning outcome among respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) preterm infants ready to wean. NT-proBNP along with plasma albumin concentration, serum sodium, serum potassium, and hematocrit were measured immediately before ...
Savic Radojka M - - 2013
Little information is currently available regarding the pharmacokinetics of busulfan in infants and small children to help guide decisions for safe and efficacious drug therapy. The objective of this study was to develop an algorithm for individualized dosing of intravenous busulfan in infants and children weighing less than or equal ...
Nakano Yuya - - 2013
Background/Aims: This study aimed to investigate total adiponectin (T-Ad) and high-molecular-weight adiponectin (HMW-Ad) levels in preterm infants at term-equivalent age and to assess the relationship between adiponectin levels and early postnatal growth. Methods: The study included 43 term infants and 58 preterm infants born at 34 weeks' gestation or less. ...
Gupta Amit - - 2013
To study the influence of perinatal factors on cord blood TSH (CB TSH) levels. Cross sectional study at tertiary care private hospital. CB TSH levels were measured in 952 liveborn infants using electrochemiluminescence immunoassay. The effect of perinatal factors on the CB TSH levels was analyzed statistically. The median CB ...
Carlsen Emma Malchau - - 2013
Obese women often have difficulties breastfeeding. We evaluated whether telephone-based support could increase the duration of breastfeeding in obese women and, thereby, reduce offspring growth. We recruited 226 dyads of obese mothers and their singleton, healthy, term infants. The women were randomly assigned to 6 mo of breastfeeding support or ...
Weber D - - 2013
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES:A low folate or low thiamine status may be associated with the risk of preterm delivery, small for gestational age (SGA) offspring and adverse pregnancy outcomes.SUBJECTS/METHODS:5-Methyltetrahydrofolate (5MTHF) and thiamine diphosphate (TDP) were measured directly in cord-blood erythrocytes (CBEs) of early preterm (n=26; <32 weeks gestational age; including 50% multiple births), ...
Hrolfsdottir L - - 2013
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES:Previous studies have suggested that milk consumption during pregnancy may have growth-promoting effects on the offspring in utero. Whether this effect tracks beyond the prenatal period remains unclear. We examined whether milk consumption during pregnancy is associated with infant size at birth and offspring's height- and growth-related biomarkers at ∼20 ...
Tröger Birte - - 2013
It was the aim of this study to assess whether very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants born small for gestational age (SGA; birth weight less than 10th percentile) are at increased risk for late-onset sepsis. This was a prospective, multicenter study of the German Neonatal Network (GNN) including VLBW infants from 23 to ...
Carberry Angela E - - 2013
Background:Undernutrition in neonates increases the risk of serious morbidities. The objective of this study was to describe neonatal morbidity associated with low body fat% (BF%) and measure the number of undernourished neonates defined by BF% and compare this to birth weight percentiles (<10(th)).Methods:Eligibility included term (≥37 weeks) neonates. BF% measurements ...
Kose Engin - - 2013
Abstract The objective of this study was to determine the effect of circumcision on the frequency of urinary tract infection (UTI), growth development, and the nutrition status in infants with antenatal hydronephrosis (AH). The data were collected prospectively between 1998 and 2010. Infants with a fetal pelvis diameter of >5 mm ...
Berger Irit - - 2013
Objective To evaluate thermal responses, weight gain, and resting energy expenditure (REE) in preterm infants weaned from an infant incubator to a warming bassinet after reaching a body weight of either 1,500 or 1,600 g, respectively.Methods Preterm infants weighing ≤ 1,500 g were randomly allocated for weaning from a convective ...
Shypailo Roman J - - 2013
Background:Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) requires phantoms for quality control and cross-calibration. No commercially available phantoms are designed specifically for infant whole-body scanning.Methods:We fabricated a phantom closely matching a 7 kg human infant in body habitus using PVC, nylon-mix, and polyethylene for bone, lean, and fat, respectively, to evaluate comparability of ...
Sabzehei Mohammad Kazem - - 2013
This study was planned to determine the rate, the predisposing factors, and the outcome of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants hospitalized in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) of a tertiary care hospital in Tehran.  All VLBW neonates admitted to the NICU, from April ...
Ghaemmaghami Seyed J - - 2013
To determine the effects of infants' birth order, maternal age, and socioeconomic status (SES) on birth weight. This cross-sectional study included a sample of 858 mothers recruited over a 6-month period in 2010, in a defined population of 9 urban health centers, and who were admitted for their infants' first ...
Jiang Z - - 2013
Bacteria, funghi, viruses and protozoa can lead to neonatal sepsis. Neonatal sepsis is the leading cause of infectious disease onset and death in many neonates. To explore the major risk factors of early-onset neonatal sepsis and provide a scientific basis for strategies of early-onset neonatal sepsis prevention. A 1:4 matched ...
Nazari M - - 2013
Low birth weight is a key determinant in the risk of morbidity and mortality in the neonatal period and during childhood. This unmatched case-control study in Hamadan, Islamic Republic of Iran, compared the characteristics of mothers of low- and normal-birth-weight infants. Maternal sociodemographic data, pregnancy history, anthropometric data and cord ...
Küçükevcilio─člu Murat M Department of Ophthalmology, Gülhane Military Medical Academy and Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey. - - 2013
The aim was to report outcomes of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) screening conducted between March 1999 and March 2012 in a retrospective manner before October 2005 (Group 1) and prospective manner thereafter (Group 2). Data of the neonates with either a gestational age of 34 weeks or less or with ...
Kowsalya V V Department of Physiology, Sri Lakshmi Narayana Institute of Medical Sciences, Puducherry, 605 502, - - 2013
irth weight is an important determinant of child survival, healthy growth and development. Low birth weight is a well-established risk factor for adverse long term health, particularly cardiovascular disease and metabolic syndrome. The ability of the fetus to grow and thrive in utero is presumed to be a function of ...
Rugolotto S S Department of Pediatrics, Section of Newborn Intensive Care Unit, Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Integrada di Verona, P.le L. A. Scuro, 10- 37134 Verona, Italy. - - 2013
Epoprostenol has been the first effective treatment for severe pulmonary arterial hypertension. Epoprostenol is provided in vials for adult therapy. To our knowledge there are no reports on specific dilution protocols for epoprostenol in VLBW infants, when very small infusion rates are required. We describe the dilution protocol we applied ...
Knobel Robin B - - 2013
To test instrumentation and develop analytic models to use in a larger study to examine developmental trajectories of body temperature and peripheral perfusion from birth in extremely low-birth-weight (EBLW) infants. A case study design. The study took place in a Level 4 neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) in North Carolina. ...
Hong Borah J - - 2013
The study objective was to evaluate risk factors for poor weight gain in infants with hypoplastic left heart syndrome after stage 1 palliation. We reviewed all term infants with hypoplastic left heart syndrome who had stage 1 palliation and stage 2 palliation at Texas Children's Hospital between 2000 and 2011 ...
Kildea Sue - - 2013
Indigenous Australians experience significantly disproportionate poorer health outcomes compared to their non-Indigenous counterparts. Despite the recognised importance of maternal infant health (MIH), there is surprisingly little empirical research to guide service redesign that successfully addresses the disparities. This paper reports on a service evaluation that also compared key MIH indicators ...
De Paepe Monique E - - 2013
Assessment of lung growth is a critical component of the perinatal autopsy. Increased lung liquid content may lead to overestimation of lung growth based on (wet) lung weight. In contrast, lung volume is not influenced by intraalveolar lung liquid. Our aim was to establish age-specific reference values for postmortem lung ...
Piyasena Chinthika - - 2013
We tested the ability of the 'Weight, IGF-1, Neonatal Retinopathy of Prematurity (WINROP)' clinical algorithm to detect preterm infants at risk of severe Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP) in a birth cohort in the South East of Scotland. In particular, we asked the question: 'are weekly weight measurements essential when using ...
Agarwal Ramesh - - 2013
Serum ferritin levels of low birth weight (LBW; BW < 2,500 g) and normal birth weight (NBW; BW ≥ 2,500 g) infants were evaluated at birth and at 3 mo using electrochemiluminescence immunoassay. At birth, levels were 318.6 (31.0-829.5) ng/mL in LBW (n = 217) and 366.2 (122.4-858.5) ng/mL in NBW infants (n = 116; p < 0.01), with 1.4 % of LBW and ...
Stark Ann R AR Division of Neonatology, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN. Electronic address: - - 2014
To evaluate the incidence of death or neurodevelopmental impairment (NDI) at 18-22 months corrected age in subjects enrolled in a trial of early dexamethasone treatment to prevent death or chronic lung disease in extremely low birth weight infants. Evaluation of infants at 18-22 months corrected age included anthropomorphic measurements, a ...
Belsches Theodore C TC Department of Pediatrics, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, - - 2013
Term infants in resource-poor settings frequently develop hypothermia during the first hours after birth. Plastic bags or wraps are a low-cost intervention for the prevention of hypothermia in preterm and low birth weight infants that may also be effective in term infants. Our objective was to test the hypothesis that ...
Sannia Andrea - - 2013
Abstract In recent decades, there has been a general increase in survival rates of preterm and low birth weight infants, but this overall decrease in perinatal mortality has not been accompanied by a decrease in long-term physical and mental disability. In order to reduce the long-term sequelae of prematurity and ...
Kuperman Amir A - - 2013
Abstract During the last few decades, the survival of preterm infants has increased dramatically. Nevertheless, with the increasing number of very young and extremely low birth weight infants, morbidity is still a major problem. Intraventricular Haemorrhage (IVH) is a major complication of preterm birth, and large haemorrhages or haemorrhages associated ...
Parodi Alessandro - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To assess diagnostic accuracy of cranial ultrasonography (CUS) in detecting low-grade (i.e. grade I and grade II) germinal matrix hemorrhage-intraventricular hemorrhage (GMH-IVH) in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. Methods: Among VLBW infants who were admitted to Gaslini Children's Hospital neonatal intensive care unit between January and November ...
Ethridge J K JK - - 2013
Abstract Objective To evaluate the accuracy of ultrasound fetal weight estimation (EFW) near viability, and to determine the adequacy of use of EFW in place of birth weight (BWT) for predicting prognosis for infants born near the limit of viability. Methods Retrospective chart review of women delivering between 22(0/7) and ...
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