Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 2402
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Ferdynus C - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To compare prediction of perinatal deaths among preterm infants based on fetal weight standards versus a new subpopulation-based birthweight standard. DESIGN: Population-based cohort study. SETTING: France. POPULATION: A total of 9100 preterm singletons, born between 24 and 36 weeks of gestation in 2000-09, in Burgundy (France). METHODS: We first classified ...
Swartz Michael F - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Despite repair, a significant proportion of patients with coarctation of the aorta (CoA) present with late hypertension. Increased gene expression of aortic wall collagen and vascular smooth muscle cell markers occurs in the presence of hypertension. Before repair, a patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) limits hypertension proximal to the coarctation. ...
Meyer Sascha - - 2013
Sanghvi and colleagues demonstrated the feasibility of initiating exclusive enteral feeds from first day of life in stable infants with birth weight between 1200 and 1500 g[1]. This regimen led to twice as faster regaining of birth weight and halved duration of hospital stay. Of note, no unwanted side effects - ...
Conner Shayna N - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that increasing body mass index (BMI) is associated with increased time from skin incision to infant delivery and increased neonatal morbidity at cesarean. STUDY DESIGN: We performed a retrospective cohort study of all cesarean deliveries occurring at one institution from 2004-2008. Four comparison groups were ...
Much Daniela - - 2013
Background:There is some evidence that the n-6/n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFAs) ratio in early nutrition, and thus in breast milk, could influence infant body composition.Methods:In an open-label randomized controlled trial 208 healthy pregnant women were allocated to a dietary intervention (supplementation with 1200 mg n-3 LCPUFAs per day and instructions ...
Yen Ting-An - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Severe pulmonary hemorrhage is a serious complication with a high mortality rate in preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) after surfactant therapy. The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of our current management strategy for neonates with severe pulmonary hemorrhage. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) ...
Miyamoto Kenji - - 2013
Abstract Our aim was to determine whether small for gestational age (SGA) neonates exhibit reduced left ventricular contractility and diastolic dysfunction, through the assessment of tissue by Doppler imaging and investigation of the stress-velocity relationship (SVR). The study subjects were limited to 37 neonates just after birth. These patients were ...
Widen Elizabeth M - - 2013
Maternal weight loss during exclusive breastfeeding may influence the growth of exclusively breast-fed infants through impaired quality or quantity of breast milk. This study evaluated how maternal weight loss from 2 to 24 wk postpartum was related to infant weight and length gain in 1309 lactating HIV-infected mothers and their ...
Kobayashi Daisuke - - 2013
Background: The number of low birth weight infants with congenital heart disease is increasing and catheterizations may have an increased risk for mortality and morbidity. Objectives: We investigate the outcome and complications of cardiac catheterizations in infants weighing < 2.5 kilograms. Methods: Retrospective review of catheterization records from 1995 to ...
Schwepcke Alexandra - - 2013
Background:Hypotension remains a common complication in preterm infants and is associated with high neonatal morbidity and mortality. The underlying mechanisms are still not fully understood. We studied the microcirculation in extremely low birth weight infants to understand the relationship between blood pressure and skin perfusion.Methods:In 21 patients (gestational age <30 wk, ...
Agius R - - 2013
Infants born with a higher birth weight have long been associated with an increased incidence of developing the metabolic syndrome starting from early childhood and persisting into adult life. Such risk factors include genetic tendencies as well as environmental factors. Of these, certain maternal anthropometric characteristics such as obesity or ...
Gong Yu-Hua - - 2013
The purpose of present study was to explore the trajectories of growth of preterm and term infants of low, high, and appropriate birth weight. A total of 2465 infants were recruited from 2005 to 2007. Infants' length and weight were measured at 12 points: birth, 42 days, and monthly from ...
Kersbergen Karina J - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether there was an adverse effect on brain growth after hydrocortisone (HC) treatment for bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in a large cohort of infants without dexamethasone exposure. STUDY DESIGN: Infants who received HC for BPD between 2005 and 2011 and underwent magnetic resonance imaging at term-equivalent age were ...
Lokomba Bolamba Vicky - - 2013
Abstract Objectives -To determine the local prediction equation of birthweight. -To establish fetal growth potential. -To seek for ability of customised birthweight to identify growth disordered neonates. Methodology A sample of 261 mother-infant couples was studied from 20 week gestation throughout term in the largest maternity of Kinshasa. Using Gardosi's ...
Arora Prem - - 2013
Objectives To evaluate the change in physiologic stability of very low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants following transport using TRIPS (transport risk index of physiologic stability) score as a measure of physiologic stability and compare changes in TRIPS score in groups of VLBW infants who underwent shorter versus longer transport.Study Design Retrospective chart ...
Natarajan Girija - - 2013
Objectives To characterize postnatal growth failure (PGF), defined as weight < 10th percentile for postmenstrual age (PMA) in preterm (≤ 27 weeks' gestation) infants with severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia (sBPD) at specified time points during hospitalization, and to compare these in subgroups of infants who died/underwent tracheostomy and others.Study Design Retrospective ...
Frimmel Wolfgang - - 2013
In this paper, we study the socio-economic determinants of birth weight, with a focus on the mother's family status. We use Austrian birth register data covering all births between 1984 and 2007 and find that a mother's marriage is associated with a higher birth weight of the newborn, in the ...
Mustila Taina - - 2013
BACKGROUND: According to current evidence, the prevention of obesity should start early in life. Even the prenatal environment may expose a child to unhealthy weight gain; maternal gestational diabetes is known to be among the prenatal risk factors conducive to obesity. Here we report the effects of antenatal dietary and ...
Cascio Salvatore - - 2013
PURPOSE: To examine the sonographic measurements of pyloric muscle and pyloric thickness in premature infants with hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (HPS) and to correlate these measurements with patients variables. We aimed also to evaluate the clinical features and short-term outcome of HPS in premature compared to term infants. METHODS: The medical ...
Sezer Cenk C Departments of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Diskapi Yildirim Beyazit Education and Research Hospital, Ankara, - - 2013
The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) in preterm infants with maternal risk factors. A prospective review of the medical records and ultrasound (US) scans of all preterm infants at one tertiary-care children's hospital was completed to identify all premature ...
Rosner J - - 2013
Objective Is there there is a difference in indications for delivery, antepartum and neonatal characteristics in intermittent absent end diastolic velocity (iAEDV) compared to persistent absent or reversed end diastolic velocity (pA/REDV). Methods A retrospective study of 109 patients with iAEDV or pA/REDV from 19-39 weeks. The delivery indication was ...
Lähdeaho Marja-Leena - - 2013
The prevalence of eating problems in otherwise healthy infants is a common problem in Western countries. Peptide hormones such as adiponectin, ghrelin and resistin have been shown to play an important role in the regulation of satiety and hunger in several diseases and states. The aim of this study was ...
Carmody J Bryan - - 2013
Thanks to remarkable advances in neonatal intensive care, infants who once had little chance for survival can now enter adulthood. Yet the consequences of premature birth or low birth weight (LBW) on nephrogenesis, final nephron number, and long-term kidney function are unclear. This review focuses on the theory, experimental evidence, ...
Flaherman Valerie J - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES:Recent public health efforts focus on reducing formula use for breastfed infants during the birth hospitalization. No previous randomized trials report the effects of brief early formula use. The objective of the study was to determine if small formula volumes before the onset of mature milk production might ...
Nagahara Keiko - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Appropriate nutrition during childhood is important for preventing future development of lifestyle-related diseases. The effect of feeding choice on infant growth in Japan is not known. METHODS: Data from 204 healthy schoolchildren (age: 6-9 years) were obtained retrospectively from their parents by questionnaires. Breast-fed (BF) and formula-fed (FF) groups ...
Soliman Ashraf T - - 2013
Objective: Human growth is a continuous process. Studies defining placental effect on prenatal and postnatal human growth are few.We studied the anthropometric data of hundred mothers who gave birth at term after an uncomplicated singleton pregnancy, and their infants in relation to their placental weight using linear regression analysis. Mother ...
Barone Giovanni - - 2013
Feeding small for gestational age (SGA) newborns is extremely challenging and the neonatologist should be brave and cautious at the same time. Although these babies have a high risk of milk intolerance and necrotising enterocolitis, enteral feeding guidelines are not well established and practice varies widely among different neonatal units. ...
Al-Saleh Iman - - 2013
This cross-sectional study was conducted to assess the association between exposure to heavy metals (lead, cadmium and mercury) during pregnancy and birth outcomes in 1578 women aged 16-50 years who delivered in Al-Kharj hospital, Saudi Arabia, in 2005 and 2006. The levels of lead, cadmium and mercury were measured in ...
Li Huijing - - 2013
The objective of this study was to determine molecular weight subunit distributions of soy protein isolate (SPI) by SDS-PAGE and gel size exclusion chromatography, and further to investigate the differences of thixotropy, viscosity, in vitro digestibility and immunoreactivity of SPI for infant formula produced in Chinese domestic companies and world ...
Klemm Rof D W - - 2013
Birth size is an important gauge of fetal and neonatal health. Birth size measurements were collected within 72 h of life for 16 290 live born, singleton infants in rural Bangladesh from 2004 to 2007. Gestational age was calculated based on the date of last menstrual period. Newborns were classified as small-for-gestational ...
Rochow Niels - - 2013
Respiratory insufficiency is a major cause of neonatal mortality and long-term morbidity, especially in very low birth weight infants. Today, non-invasive and mechanical ventilation are commonly accepted procedures to provide respiratory support to newborns, but they can reach their limit of efficacy. To overcome this technological plateau and further reduce ...
Vlaardingerbroek Hester - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy and safety of early parenteral lipid and high-dose amino acid (AA) administration from birth onwards in very low birth weight (VLBW, birth weight <1500 g) infants. STUDY DESIGN: VLBW infants (n = 144; birth weight 862 ± 218 g; gestational age 27.4 ± 2.2 weeks) ...
Wong Feiliang F Unit NICU, Department of Pediatrics, UKMMC, 56000, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. - - 2013
To investigate the risk factors associated with neonatal hyperbilirubinemia in Malaysian neonates. A prospective study was conducted to investigate the effects of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) mutation, variant uridine diphosphate glucuronosyltransferase UGT1A1 gene and hepatic organic anion transporter protein (OATP2) gene on a group of neonates. Hyperbilirubinemia was defined as a ...
Borchman Douglas - - 2013
Recent NMR studies suggest that unsaturation may contribute to tear film instability in adults and loss of cholesteryl esters and squalene could reduce tear film stability in adults with meibomian gland dysfunction. The proton resonances were tentatively assigned in those studies. In this current investigation, meibum from seven infants and ...
Kwak Jae Ryoung - - 2013
Purpose: It is to examine clinical manifestations, early biochemical indicators, and risk factors for non-oliguric hyperkalemia (NOHK) in extremely low birth weight infants (ELBWI). Materials and Methods: We collected clinical and biochemical data from 75 ELBWI admitted to Ajou University Hospital between Jan. 2008 and Jun. 2011 by reviewing medical ...
Alasmi Mahmood - - 2013
CME EDUCATIONAL OBJECTIVES1.List the indications for parenteral nutrition in the preterm infant.2.Estimate protein and calories required by a preterm infant to support appropriate fetal weight gain.3.Discuss the calcium and phosphorus needs of preterm infants. The patient presented as a 5-week-old 26 week preterm infant, with a birth weight of 686 ...
White Richard A - - 2013
It is acknowledged that some obesity trajectories are set early in life, and that rapid weight gain in infancy is a risk factor for later development of obesity. Identifying modifiable factors associated with early rapid weight gain is a prerequisite for curtailing the growing worldwide obesity epidemic. Recently, much attention ...
Iyer Narayan Prabhu - - 2013
Extremely low birth weight (ELBW <1000 g) infants may have increased sensitivity to radiation exposure. Our objective was to estimate the radiation exposure in survivors of ELBW infants during their neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) stay. In this retrospective cohort study, medical records of all ELBW infants who had been ...
Arayici Sema - - 2013
Chemical pleurodesis with povidone-iodine has been used to treat congenital idiopathic chylothorax in neonates. We report successful use of povidone-iodine in an extremely premature infant to treat a pneumothorax that had persisted for more than one week despite high-frequency ventilation.
Bener Abdulbari - - 2013
To examine socio-demographic and biological risk factors associated with mothers giving birth to a low birthweight newborn among Arab women in Qatar. The case-control study was conducted at two main tertiary hospitals in Qatar in which participants were prospectively identified from January 2010 to April 2011. Data were collected by ...
Choi You Jin - - 2013
The aim of this study was to recognize the state of vitamin D among healthy infants aged 1 to 6 months in South Korea, and also to identify the risk factors affecting the level of vitamin D. A total of 117 infants were enrolled in this study for 12 months, ...
Radlović Vladimir - - 2013
Ileostomy represents a necessary procedure to solve various surgical diseases in children. As the result of increased fluid loss and colonic exclusion in its regulation, it is often followed, particularly during the first months after birth, by chronic dehydration and failure to thrive. The aim of the paper was to ...
Dokos Charalampos - - 2013
Current research in bone mineral metabolism reveals many aspects of osteopenia occurred in premature infants. This review examines not only the pathophysiological and molecular mechanisms of newborn osteopenia but also the risk factors and investigation. Osteopenia of premature infants has increased incidence among other diseases of prematurity. Identification of risk ...
Anuk İnce Deniz - - 2013
Multiple systemic risk factors are associated with retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). We analyzed the role of low weight gain (WG) to predict the development of stage 3+ ROP among preterm infants. This study included 126 newborns with birth weight ≤1500 g and gestational age <32 weeks. Preterm newborn infants were ...
Wisner Katherine L KL Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh, USA. - - 2013
The aim of this study was to compare the growth of infants born to women with antenatal major depressive disorder, either untreated or treated with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) antidepressants, and infants born to a nondepressed, nonmedicated comparison group across the first year of life. In this prospective observational ...
Johnson William W MRC Unit for Lifelong Health and Ageing, 33 Bedford Place, London, - - 2013
To characterize an early trait in the BMI-for-age curve, the infant BMI peak. BMI-for-age curves were produced for 747 non-Hispanic, white Fels Longitudinal Study participants, from which individual age (AgePeak ) and BMI (BMIPeak ) at maximum infant BMI were estimated. Multivariable general linear regression was used to examine the ...
Ali M Atiya - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Obesity is associated with risks for mother and infant, and the mothers' dietary habits influence breast milk composition. Polyamines are secreted in breast milk and are essential for the regulation of intestinal and immune function in newborns and infants. The present study aimed to investigate the level of polyamines ...
Madden David - - 2013
Summary There is now fairly substantial evidence of a socioeconomic gradient in low birth weight for developed countries. The standard summary statistic for this gradient is the concentration index. Using data from the recently published Growing Up in Ireland survey, this paper calculates this index for low birth weight arising ...
Ling Xueying - - 2013
PURPOSE: To assess the brain maturation of preterm infants using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) and enhanced T2 star weighted angiography (ESWAN). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Conventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), DTI and ESWAN were performed in 60 preterm infants and 21 term controls. 60 preterm infants were subgrouped to two groups ...
Abrams Steven A - - 2013
Bone health is a critical concern in managing preterm infants. Key nutrients of importance are calcium, vitamin D, and phosphorus. Although human milk is critical for the health of preterm infants, it is low in these nutrients relative to the needs of the infants during growth. Strategies should be in ...
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