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Results 551 - 600 of 2654
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Babu Thirunavukkarasu Arun TA Department of Pediatrics, Indira Gandhi Medical College and Research Institute, Pondicherry, - - 2013
We report a case of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) secondary to ingestion of Morinda coreia (Nonan) and Azadirachta indica (Neem) leaves extract in a nine months old child. This herbal extract is believed to accelerate weight gain in infants and is commonly used in South India.
Jadcherla Sudarshan R SR Sections of Neonatology - - 2013
To determine the practice variance, prevalence, and economic burden of clinically diagnosed gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) in preterm infants. Applying a retrospective cohort study design, we analyzed data from 18 567 preterm infants of 22 to 36 weeks' gestation and >400 g birth weight from the NICUs of 33 freestanding ...
Gattari Theresa B TB Department of Pediatrics and Communicable Diseases, - - 2013
The effect of circumcision on feeding behavior in the newborn period is unknown. We hypothesized that circumcision would not have a significant effect on newborn feeding. This prospective study analyzed the effect of circumcision on neonatal feeding behavior. Inclusion criteria were healthy male infants WHO were exclusively bottle-fed and underwent ...
Ademola-Popoola D D Department of Ophthalmology, University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital & University of - - 2013
The Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU)of our hospital has a 30% survival rate among babies born premature weighing <1,000g. This hospital serves about 10 million people; there was no retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) screening program in place in Nigeria. Babies born premature were recruited based on preset criteria: <35 weeks ...
Soares Daniele de Almeida Dde - - 2013
Investigating manual actions when infants' upper limbs are heavier can provide information on whether mechanical forces can influence the early ability of exploring grasped objects. This study assessed whether additional weight load affected typical infants' manual non-exploratory and exploratory behaviors. Ten healthy full-term infants were evaluated longitudinally at 5, 6, ...
Darney Blair G BG Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, Oregon; the University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California; Penn State University College of Medicine, Hershey, Pennsylvania; Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts; the Group Health Research Institute, Seattle, Washington; and Kaiser Permanente Southern California, Pasadena, - - 2013
To test the association of elective induction of labor at term compared with expectant management and maternal and neonatal outcomes. This was a retrospective cohort study of all deliveries without prior cesarean delivery in California in 2006 using linked hospital discharge and vital statistics data. We compared elective induction at ...
Mukherjee Satarupa S Department of Pediatrics, Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata, - - 2013
The neonatal mortality rate (NMR) continues to remain quite high, one important cause being preterm deliveries. The main obstacle in the pathway towards decreasing NMR is identification of babies in need of extra care. To analyze the utility of newborn foot length as a proxy measure for birth weight and ...
Afjeh Seyyed-Abolfazl SA Mahdieh Medical Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2013
Very low birth weight (VLBW) infants are at high risk for morbidity and mortality. This article determines the frequency of disease, rate od survival, complications and risk factors for morbidity and mortality in VLBW neonates admitted to a level III neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) at Mahdieh Hospital in Tehran. ...
Rose Jessica - - 2013
At near-term age the brain undergoes rapid growth and development. Abnormalities identified during this period have been recognized as potential predictors of neurodevelopment in children born preterm. This study used diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) to examine white matter (WM) microstructure in very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) preterm infants to better understand regional WM ...
Gavard Jeffrey A - - 2013
Small-for-gestational-age (SGA) and large-for-gestational-age (LGA) infants are associated with increased adverse outcomes. While studies have estimated the association of gestational weight gain with birth weight in obese women, estimates are lacking by obesity class and diabetic status. A population-based historical cohort study of 66,010 obese pregnant women in Missouri delivering ...
Berngard Samuel Clark - - 2013
Stunting is prevalent by the age of 6months in the indigenous population of the Western Highlands of Guatemala. The objective of this study was to determine the time course and predictors of linear growth failure and weight-for-age in early infancy. One hundred and forty eight term newborns had measurements of ...
de Jongh B E - - 2013
Objective:To compare work of breathing (WOB) indices between two nCPAP settings and two levels of HFNC in a crossover study.Study Design:Infants with a CGA 28-40 weeks, baseline of HFNC 3-5 lpm or nCPAP 5-6 cmH2O and fraction of inspired oxygen 40% were eligible. WOB was analyzed using respiratory inductive plethysmography (RIP) for ...
Huizink A C - - 2013
Accumulating evidence from both human and preclinical studies indicates maternal substance use during pregnancy can affect fetal development, birth weight and infant outcomes. Thus, the prenatal period can be regarded as an important and potentially sensitive period of development. In this manuscript, an updated overview of studies on prenatal cannabis ...
Reifsnider Elizabeth - - 2013
Early and rapid growth in Infants is strongly associated with early development and persistence of obesity in young children. Substantial research has linked child obesity/overweight to increased risks for serious health outcomes, which include adverse physical, psychological, behavioral, or social consequences.Methods/design: The goal of this study is to compare the ...
Finnemore Anna A Centre for the Developing Brain, Imperial College London and MRC Clinical Sciences Centre, London, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to look for clinically significant adverse effects of chloral hydrate used in a large cohort of infants sedated for magnetic resonance imaging. Case notes of infants who underwent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scanning from 2008 to 2010 were reviewed, with patient demographics, sedation dose, ...
Scrafford Carolyn G - - 2013
To quantify the incidence of and risk factors for neonatal jaundice among infants referred for care from a rural, low-resource, population-based cohort in southern Nepal. Study participants were 18 985 newborn infants born in Sarlahi District in southern Nepal from May 2003 through January 2006 who participated in a cluster-randomised, placebo-controlled, ...
Clapin Helen - - 2013
Abstract Background: The World Health Organization (WHO) has recommended measurement of neonatal thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) as a marker of population iodine status. A population is considered iodine sufficient when <3% of neonatal blood samples collected 3-4 days after birth have TSH concentrations >5 mIU/L. However, changes in technology and clinical ...
Jardim-Botelho Anne - - 2013
Objective: To investigate infant overweight and rapid weight gain as predictors of overweight and adiposity in childhood.Methods: Prospective, longitudinal birth cohort following 153 low-income Brazilian children. Weight, length, middle upper arm circumference (MUAC) and triceps skinfold thickness (TSF) were measured on enrolment and 6-monthly for 18 months. Anthropometric z-scores were ...
Pogribna U - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:Diffusion tensor imaging at term can predict later development of cerebral palsy. Less is known about its ability to independently predict cognitive and language development in extremely preterm infants. The goals of the study were to investigate the following: 1) whether regional DTI measures at term-equivalent age in ...
Mogarekar Mukund Ramchandra - - 2013
To evaluate arylesterase and lactonase activity of paraoxonase (PON)1 in cord blood of neonates in relation to their birth weight. The authors hypothesized that cord blood PON1 arylesterase and lactonase activities will be compromised in neonates having low birth weight. Eighty neonates born in authors' hospital, irrespective of mode of ...
Wilson-Ching Michelle - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate attention difficulties in a contemporary geographic cohort of adolescents born extremely preterm (EP, <28 weeks' gestation) or extremely low birth weight (ELBW, birth weight <1000 g). The EP/ELBW group included 228 adolescents (mean age = 17.0 years) born in Victoria, Australia in ...
Kouwaki Masanori - - 2013
Objective: Spontaneous movements at 2months of corrected age in preterm infants with intellectual disability (ID) were investigated by assessing individual motor elements separated from movements involving the entire body. Methods: Video recordings of 20 preterm infants with ID (16 males, 4 females; median gestational age 26weeks; median birth weight 810g) ...
El-Dib Mohamed - - 2013
Abstract Background: Although the maturation of Sleep wake cycling (SWC) in premature infants has been described, its value in predicting neurodevelopmental outcome (NDO) is yet to be known. Objective: To examine the relationship between NDO and SWC evaluated by amplitude integrated electroencephalogram (aEEG) in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. ...
Simchen Michal J - - 2013
Abstract Objective: Sex differences in long and short-term outcomes for infants are observed. This has also been shown for several neonatal complications in preterm neonates. We aimed to evaluate whether sex impacts neonatal outcome among term neonates. Furthermore, we were interested in whether small-for gestational age male and female neonates ...
Lee A - - 2013
Very preterm newborn infants often need cardiovascular support. More knowledge about myocardial function and factors that influence the immature myocardium may be helpful for optimising cardiovascular support in these infants. Serial assessment of global myocardial function by means of colour tissue Doppler imaging (cTDI) in very and extremely preterm infants ...
Ferri Cláudia - - 2013
Objective: To determine the prevalence of iron-deficiency anemia and iron deficiency at 1 year of corrected age (CA) in preterm very-low-birth-weight infants, and to identify risk factors for iron-deficiency anemia.Methods: A cohort of infants with birth weight <1500 g and gestational age <34 weeks on iron prophylaxis were followed up ...
Bora Reeta - - 2013
Abstract Objectives: To determine the prevalence of anemia in pregnant women and characterize it's effect on neonatal outcome in Northeast India. Patients and Methods: Four hundred and seventy mothers and their newborn infants during a one month period were included. The association between maternal hemoglobin (Hb) at delivery and neonatal ...
Serce Ozge - - 2013
Probiotics have strain specific effects and the effects of fungi in preventing diseases in preterm infants have been investigated poorly. Saccharomyces boulardii is a yeast which acts both as a probiotic and a polyamine producer. The objective of this study was to investigate the efficacy of S. boulardii in preventing ...
Fauroux B - - 2013
SUMMARY The aim of this study was to describe the incidence and risk factors for respiratory morbidity during the 12-month period following the first respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) season in 242 preterm infants [<33 weeks gestational age (GA)] without bronchopulmonary dysplasia and 201 full-term infants (39-41 weeks GA) from the ...
Murgas Torrazza Roberto - - 2013
Background: Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a major cause of death and morbidity in very low birth weight infants. Objective: To identify biomarker(s) that would predict NEC using buccal swab samples utilizing a proteomic approach. Methods: Cumulative buccal swab samples derived from very low birth weight preterm infants (<32 weeks' gestational ...
Rossen Lauren M - - 2013
Objectives. We sought to measure overall disparities in pregnancy outcome, incorporating data from the many race and ethnic groups that compose the US population, to improve understanding of how disparities may have changed over time. Methods. We used Birth Cohort Linked Birth-Infant Death Data Files from US Vital Statistics from ...
Solmi Francesca - - 2013
A growing body of literature has investigated the association between maternal anorexia nervosa and pregnancy outcomes. Infant low birth weight is associated with a number of neurodevelopmental and physical sequelae; however, consistent results on its association with maternal anorexia nervosa are scant. Therefore, a systematic review and meta-analysis of the ...
Smilowitz Jennifer T JT Departments of Food Science and - - 2013
Breast milk delivers nutrition and protection to the developing infant. There has been considerable research on the high-molecular-weight milk components; however, low-molecular-weight metabolites have received less attention. To determine the effect of maternal phenotype and diet on the human milk metabolome, milk collected at day 90 postpartum from 52 healthy ...
Suciu Laura Mihaela - - 2013
Birth before 28 weeks of gestation is associated with high mortality and morbidity. The purpose of this study was to examine characteristics associated with in-hospital mortality and morbidity among extremely-low-birth-weight neonates admitted to three tertiary care centers in Romania. The study was conducted in three Romanian hospitals with Level III ...
Brennan Sonja - - 2013
Low birth weight (LBW, <2500 g) infants have a reduced number of glomeruli and nephrons and, therefore, smaller kidneys. The purpose of this pilot study was to determine whether renal parenchymal thickness might be a better indicator of renal growth. We carried out a pilot study over 12 mo to determine whether ...
Sjaarda Lindsey A LA Division of Intramural Population Health Research, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, - - 2014
Using a cohort of 110,447 singleton, term pregnancies, we aimed to validate the previously proposed customized standard of large-for-gestational-age (LGA) birthweight, derive an additional customized LGA model excluding maternal weight, and evaluate the association between differing definitions of customized LGA and perinatal morbidities. Three customized LGA classifications, in addition to ...
Zhang Qian - - 2013
To evaluate the value of N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) levels along with spontaneous breathing trial (SBT) in the prediction of ventilator weaning outcome among respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) preterm infants ready to wean. NT-proBNP along with plasma albumin concentration, serum sodium, serum potassium, and hematocrit were measured immediately before ...
Savic Radojka M - - 2013
Little information is currently available regarding the pharmacokinetics of busulfan in infants and small children to help guide decisions for safe and efficacious drug therapy. The objective of this study was to develop an algorithm for individualized dosing of intravenous busulfan in infants and children weighing less than or equal ...
Nakano Yuya - - 2013
Background/Aims: This study aimed to investigate total adiponectin (T-Ad) and high-molecular-weight adiponectin (HMW-Ad) levels in preterm infants at term-equivalent age and to assess the relationship between adiponectin levels and early postnatal growth. Methods: The study included 43 term infants and 58 preterm infants born at 34 weeks' gestation or less. ...
Gupta Amit - - 2013
To study the influence of perinatal factors on cord blood TSH (CB TSH) levels. Cross sectional study at tertiary care private hospital. CB TSH levels were measured in 952 liveborn infants using electrochemiluminescence immunoassay. The effect of perinatal factors on the CB TSH levels was analyzed statistically. The median CB ...
Carlsen Emma Malchau - - 2013
Obese women often have difficulties breastfeeding. We evaluated whether telephone-based support could increase the duration of breastfeeding in obese women and, thereby, reduce offspring growth. We recruited 226 dyads of obese mothers and their singleton, healthy, term infants. The women were randomly assigned to 6 mo of breastfeeding support or ...
Knobel Robin B - - 2013
To test instrumentation and develop analytic models to use in a larger study to examine developmental trajectories of body temperature and peripheral perfusion from birth in extremely low-birth-weight (EBLW) infants. A case study design. The study took place in a Level 4 neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) in North Carolina. ...
Weber D - - 2013
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES:A low folate or low thiamine status may be associated with the risk of preterm delivery, small for gestational age (SGA) offspring and adverse pregnancy outcomes.SUBJECTS/METHODS:5-Methyltetrahydrofolate (5MTHF) and thiamine diphosphate (TDP) were measured directly in cord-blood erythrocytes (CBEs) of early preterm (n=26; <32 weeks gestational age; including 50% multiple births), ...
Hrolfsdottir L - - 2013
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES:Previous studies have suggested that milk consumption during pregnancy may have growth-promoting effects on the offspring in utero. Whether this effect tracks beyond the prenatal period remains unclear. We examined whether milk consumption during pregnancy is associated with infant size at birth and offspring's height- and growth-related biomarkers at ∼20 ...
Tröger Birte - - 2013
It was the aim of this study to assess whether very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants born small for gestational age (SGA; birth weight less than 10th percentile) are at increased risk for late-onset sepsis. This was a prospective, multicenter study of the German Neonatal Network (GNN) including VLBW infants from 23 to ...
Carberry Angela E - - 2013
Background:Undernutrition in neonates increases the risk of serious morbidities. The objective of this study was to describe neonatal morbidity associated with low body fat% (BF%) and measure the number of undernourished neonates defined by BF% and compare this to birth weight percentiles (<10(th)).Methods:Eligibility included term (≥37 weeks) neonates. BF% measurements ...
Kose Engin - - 2013
Abstract The objective of this study was to determine the effect of circumcision on the frequency of urinary tract infection (UTI), growth development, and the nutrition status in infants with antenatal hydronephrosis (AH). The data were collected prospectively between 1998 and 2010. Infants with a fetal pelvis diameter of >5 mm ...
Berger Irit - - 2013
Objective To evaluate thermal responses, weight gain, and resting energy expenditure (REE) in preterm infants weaned from an infant incubator to a warming bassinet after reaching a body weight of either 1,500 or 1,600 g, respectively.Methods Preterm infants weighing ≤ 1,500 g were randomly allocated for weaning from a convective ...
Shypailo Roman J - - 2013
Background:Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) requires phantoms for quality control and cross-calibration. No commercially available phantoms are designed specifically for infant whole-body scanning.Methods:We fabricated a phantom closely matching a 7 kg human infant in body habitus using PVC, nylon-mix, and polyethylene for bone, lean, and fat, respectively, to evaluate comparability of ...
Sabzehei Mohammad Kazem - - 2013
This study was planned to determine the rate, the predisposing factors, and the outcome of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants hospitalized in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) of a tertiary care hospital in Tehran.  All VLBW neonates admitted to the NICU, from April ...
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