Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 2708
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Martinez-Lopez Denise G - - 2013
Background:Lipopolysaccharide (LPS), an endotoxin of gram-negative bacteria, causes preterm birth in animals and has been implicated as a factor triggering preterm labor and systemic complications in humans. Little is known regarding LPS in the cord blood (CB) of term and preterm infants and its association with maternal and fetal characteristics.Methods:CB ...
Bell Edward F - - 2013
Background:Little is known about the change in circulating red cell volume (RCV) of very low birth weight (VLBW) infants during the first weeks of life.Methods:RCV was measured during the first 5 days in 35 VLBW infants using chromium-51 labeling of the infants' red blood cells (RBCs). RCV was measured again ...
Davis N L - - 2013
Objective:To evaluate how a single infant car-seat challenge (ICSC) predicts subsequent respiratory physiology in premature infants.Study Design:Prospective observational study of infants born at <37 weeks gestational age. Subjects underwent three ICSCs and we evaluated clinical characteristics, pass rate, and predictive value of a single ICSC pass.Result:Completed three ICSCs on 60 ...
McMullan David Michael - - 2013
Extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation appears to improve survival in patients with acute refractory cardiopulmonary failure. This analysis was performed to determine survival outcomes and predictors of in-hospital mortality for term and preterm neonates who received extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Retrospective review of data from the Extracorporeal Life Support Organization international registry. Pediatric ...
Casner Michael - - 2013
Catheter-associated bloodstream infections are a significant source of morbidity and healthcare cost in the neonatal ICU. Previous studies examining the prevalence of bloodstream infections after removal of peripherally inserted central venous catheters in neonates are equivocal. A retrospective cohort study. Patients: All infants with peripherally inserted central venous catheters treated ...
Wadhawan R - - 2013
Objective:To determine if extremely low birth weight infants with surgical necrotizing enterocolitis have a higher risk of death or neurodevelopmental impairment and neurodevelopmental impairment among survivors (secondary outcome) at 18-22 months corrected age compared with infants with spontaneous intestinal perforation and infants without necrotizing enterocolitis or spontaneous intestinal perforation.Study Design:Retrospective ...
Urwin Heidi J - - 2013
The gut microbiota plays an important role in the development of the immune and gastrointestinal systems of infants. In the present study, we investigated whether increased salmon consumption during pregnancy, maternal weight gain during pregnancy or mode of infant feeding alter the markers of gut immune defence and inflammation. Women ...
Domellöf Magnus - - 2013
Iron deficiency (ID) is the most common micronutrient deficiency worldwide and young children are a special risk group since their rapid growth leads to high iron requirements. Risk factors associated with a higher prevalence of iron deficiency anemia (IDA) include low birth weight, high cow's milk intake, low intake of ...
Bizzarro Matthew J - - 2013
To determine the incidence, microbiology, risk factors, and outcomes related to bloodstream infections (BSIs) concurrent with the onset of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). We performed a retrospective review of all cases of NEC in a single center over 20 years. BSI was categorized as "NEC-associated" if it occurred within 72 hours ...
Peiler Annika - - 2013
To examine the impact of postnatal nutrition on long-term growth in extremely low birth weight infants. Retrospective analysis of postnatal nutrition and observational study of growth in 52 ELBW infants until the age of six. Changes (Δ) of weight and length standard deviation scores (SDS) between birth to term correlated ...
Sehgal Arvind - - 2013
To compare strain indices between small for gestational age (SGA) infants and asymptomatic appropriate for gestational age (AGA) infants and to ascertain correlations with arterial biophysical properties. In this prospective observational echocardiographic study 20 inborn term SGA infants weighing < 3rd centile for gestational age were compared with 20 AGA ...
Ayoola Omolola O - - 2013
We established a maternal birth cohort in Ibadan, Nigeria, where malaria is hyperendemic, to assess how intrauterine exposure to malaria affected infant blood pressure (BP) development. In a local maternity hospital, healthy pregnant women had regular blood films for malaria parasites from booking to delivery. Growth and BP were measured ...
Gonçalves-Ferri W A - - 2013
The objective of this study was to determine the feasibility of the use of continuous positive airway pressure installed prophylactically in the delivery room (DR-CPAP), for infants with a birth weight between 500 and 1000 g in settings with limited resources. During 23 months, infants with a birth weight between ...
Sun Xiaoli - - 2013
To establish reference intervals for thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) and free thyroxine (FT4) at 3-6weeks of age in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants with the Beckman Coulter Unicel DxI 800 by gender, birth weight (BW) and gestational age (GA) subgroups. A 4year retrospective cohort of 308 VLBW infants (GA ...
Wang Pei-Wei - - 2013
The goal of this study was to compare the growth and effect of growth on cognitive performance at 5 years of age of a group of very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants and a group of healthy full-term infants. Beginning in 1995, under the sponsorship of the Premature Baby Foundation, the Society of ...
Taga Atsuko - - 2013
Abstract Caesarean section of extremely low birth-weight (ELBW) infants is sometimes challenging for obstetricians. To date, there have been no standard types of uterine incision to achieve an atraumatic birth for ELBW foetuses with the placenta covering the whole anterior uterine wall. We present seven cases of transverse fundal uterine ...
Luque M J - - 2013
Objective:Develop a risk prediction model for severe intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) in very low birth weight infants (VLBWI).Study Design:Prospectively collected data of infants with birth weight 500 to 1249 g born between 2001 and 2010 in centers from the Neocosur Network were used. Forward stepwise logistic regression model was employed. The model ...
Mullett Martha D - - 2013
To evaluate the associations between selected birth characteristics-prematurity and poor intrauterine growth-and risk factors for coronary artery disease detected among children enrolled in the fifth grade. Children (n = 3054) with matched birth and fifth grade health screening data on body mass index (BMI), systolic blood pressure, and fasting lipid ...
Berry Diane C - - 2013
Women who are diagnosed with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) are at increased risk for developing prediabetes and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). To date, there have been few interdisciplinary interventions that target predominantly ethnic minority low-income women diagnosed with GDM. This paper describes the rationale, design and methodology of a ...
Wallace Maeve M Department of Epidemiology, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, - - 2013
Large disparities in adverse birth outcomes persist between African American and white women in the US despite decades of research, policy, and public health intervention. Allostatic load is an index of dysregulation across multiple physiologic systems that results from chronic exposure to stress in the physical and socio-cultural environment which ...
Sauberan J B - - 2013
Background Intravenous hydrocortisone (HC) is often used in very low birth weight infants (VLBW) but can be complicated by oliguria when discontinued or tapered.Objectives To determine which factors were associated with oliguria during HC taper.Methods We reviewed all VLBW infants who received initial doses of HC ≥ 1 mg/kg/d. The ...
Shaikhkhalil Ala K - - 2013
Zinc deficiency causes growth deficits. Extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants with chronic lung disease (CLD), also known as bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), suffer from growth failure and are at risk of zinc deficiency. We hypothesized that enteral zinc supplementation would increase weight gain and linear growth. A cohort of infants ...
Ibrahim Masitah - - 2013
A systematic review was conducted to examine the effects of restrictive versus liberal red blood cell (RBC) transfusion thresholds on clinically important outcomes in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of varying RBC transfusion thresholds in VLBW infants were identified by searching MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, all ...
Hussain Sunny - - 2013
AIM:: The efficacy and safety of rabeprazole, a proton pump inhibitor (PPI), was studied in infants with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Infants aged 1-11 months, with symptomatic GERD resistant to conservative therapy and/or previous exposure to acid suppressive medications, were screened. After scoring >16 on a GERD symptom score (I-GERQ-R), ...
Simó Carles - - 2013
Summary The epidemiological paradox and 'healthy migrant effect' refer to the favourable health outcomes in unprivileged groups under unfavourable socioeconomic conditions. Weight at birth is associated with the epidemiological paradox. However, differences in fertility structure (mainly mother's age and first maternity) might be the cause of the difference in weight ...
Saha S - - 2013
A common concern for parents when end of life decisions are made is the length of time their baby may take to die. Postcardiac death organ donation is now becoming more common, along with neonatal organ donation. The aim was to determine the length of time from extubation until cardiorespiratory ...
Vejrup Kristine - - 2013
To examine the association between calculated maternal dietary exposure to Hg in pregnancy and infant birth weight in the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study (MoBa). Exposure was calculated with use of a constructed database of Hg in food items and reported dietary intake during pregnancy. Multivariable regression models were ...
Arayici Sema - - 2013
Abstract Background and objectives: Chorioamnionitis is an acute inflammation of the membranes and chorion of the placenta. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of histological chorioamnionitis on the short-term outcome of preterm infants. Subjects and methods: The clinical characteristics and outcomes of the preterm infant including ...
Garbin Catherine Peta - - 2013
Ankyloglossia (tongue tie) is a well-recognized cause of breastfeeding difficulties and, if untreated, can cause maternal nipple pain and trauma, ineffective feeding, and poor infant weight gain. In some cases, this condition will result in a downregulation of the maternal milk supply. Milk-production measurements (24-hour) for a breastfeeding infant with ...
Lee Sunggyu - - 2013
Breast milk is a noninvasive specimen to assess maternal and infant exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and organochlorine pesticides (OCPs). In this study, 206 breast milk samples were collected from 87 participants during lactation, at <7, 15, 30, or 90days postpartum in four cities in Korea. The total concentrations of ...
de Wilde Jeroen A - - 2013
South Asian babies born in developed countries are generally lighter than babies from other ethnic groups born in the same country. While the mean birth weight of Caucasian babies in the Netherlands has increased the past decades, it is unknown if the mean birth weight of South Asian babies born ...
Paliy Oleg - - 2013
The rates of child and adult obesity have increased in most developed countries over the past several decades. The health consequences of obesity affect both physical and mental health, and the excess body weight can be linked to an elevated risk for developing type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular problems, and depression. ...
Kayani Salma I - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To determine the long-term outcome of infants born with cord pH ≤7.0 and no clinical evidence of asphyxia at birth. Design: Setting: Tertiary Referral Centre. A prospective matched cohort study was conducted. 51 term infants were recruited following singleton birth with venous cord pH ≤7.0.For each recruited baby ...
Kanmaz Hayriye Gozde - - 2013
Objectives and aim: Very low birth weight infants require 3 - 4 g/kg/day protein intake to provide satisfactory postnata growth rates and neurodevelopmental outcomes. However, they have fewer functional nephrons, thereby increasing vulnerability for impaired renal functions. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of different amounts ...
Elmeery A - - 2013
A preterm female infant born of 32 weeks gestational age was presenting with musculoskeletal abnormalities, and cholestasis that later on resolved. Later on, she developed renal tubular acidosis (RTA), poor weight gain, unexplained intermittent fever and recurrent spontaneous bleeding episodes. ARC is an acronym that stands for arthrogryposis, renal dysfunction ...
Hales J - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of individual physical characteristics on preweaning survival and growth of piglets born in a noncrate system. Data were collected from 3,402 neonatal piglets from 203 Landrace × Yorkshire sows housed in noncrate pens in a commercial Danish sow herd. Piglets ...
Buzzella Bridget - - 2013
To compare extubation failure rate with two ranges of nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) in oxygen dependent preterm infants. Preterm infants of birth weight 500-1000 g and gestational age 23-30 weeks, extubated for the first time during the first 6 weeks while requiring fraction of inspired oxygen ≥ 0.25, ...
Gong Yu-Hua - - 2013
The objective of this longitudinal study is to explore the relationship between temperament and physical development among infants in Beijing, China. A total of 1117 term, normal and singleton infants were followed regularly for 12 months. Body weight and horizontal length were measured at 42 days and monthly from the ...
Joung Kyoung Eun - - 2013
Objectives: Osteopontin (OPN) is a pro-inflammatory cytokine associated with metabolic syndrome. Extreme birth weight categories including small for gestational age (SGA), and large for gestational age (LGA) are risk factors for metabolic syndrome. However, normal levels of plasma OPN in neonates, and the relationship of OPN to fetal growth remain ...
Shoji Hiromichi - - 2013
The intrauterine environment affects the risk of development of cardiovascular disease in adulthood. The aim of this study was to determine the influence of prematurity and fetal growth restriction on lipid metabolism, by assessing atherogenic indices soon after birth in preterm infants. Blood samples were collected within 20 minutes of ...
Guerra Camila Campos - - 2013
To establish the prevalence and factors associated with developmental scores and delays in premature infants. A cross-sectional study was conducted on 100 premature infants with corrected ages of 18-24 months (actual ages 19.9 ± 2.0 months) and birth weights of 1,500-1,999 grams. Bayley-III scales were used to assess developmental scores, ...
Finigan Valerie V Pennine Acute NHS Hospitals - - 2013
Obesity is on the rise and at epidemic levels in many countries, including the UK. The costs of managing the health of a public with large body mass index (BMI) is spiralling out of control and, without a call for action, will continue to escalate. In this paper Valerie Finigan ...
Babu Thirunavukkarasu Arun TA Department of Pediatrics, Indira Gandhi Medical College and Research Institute, Pondicherry, - - 2013
We report a case of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) secondary to ingestion of Morinda coreia (Nonan) and Azadirachta indica (Neem) leaves extract in a nine months old child. This herbal extract is believed to accelerate weight gain in infants and is commonly used in South India.
Jadcherla Sudarshan R SR Sections of Neonatology - - 2013
To determine the practice variance, prevalence, and economic burden of clinically diagnosed gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) in preterm infants. Applying a retrospective cohort study design, we analyzed data from 18 567 preterm infants of 22 to 36 weeks' gestation and >400 g birth weight from the NICUs of 33 freestanding ...
Gattari Theresa B TB Department of Pediatrics and Communicable Diseases, - - 2013
The effect of circumcision on feeding behavior in the newborn period is unknown. We hypothesized that circumcision would not have a significant effect on newborn feeding. This prospective study analyzed the effect of circumcision on neonatal feeding behavior. Inclusion criteria were healthy male infants WHO were exclusively bottle-fed and underwent ...
Ademola-Popoola D D Department of Ophthalmology, University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital & University of - - 2013
The Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU)of our hospital has a 30% survival rate among babies born premature weighing <1,000g. This hospital serves about 10 million people; there was no retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) screening program in place in Nigeria. Babies born premature were recruited based on preset criteria: <35 weeks ...
Soares Daniele de Almeida Dde - - 2013
Investigating manual actions when infants' upper limbs are heavier can provide information on whether mechanical forces can influence the early ability of exploring grasped objects. This study assessed whether additional weight load affected typical infants' manual non-exploratory and exploratory behaviors. Ten healthy full-term infants were evaluated longitudinally at 5, 6, ...
Darney Blair G BG Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, Oregon; the University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California; Penn State University College of Medicine, Hershey, Pennsylvania; Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts; the Group Health Research Institute, Seattle, Washington; and Kaiser Permanente Southern California, Pasadena, - - 2013
To test the association of elective induction of labor at term compared with expectant management and maternal and neonatal outcomes. This was a retrospective cohort study of all deliveries without prior cesarean delivery in California in 2006 using linked hospital discharge and vital statistics data. We compared elective induction at ...
Mukherjee Satarupa S Department of Pediatrics, Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata, - - 2013
The neonatal mortality rate (NMR) continues to remain quite high, one important cause being preterm deliveries. The main obstacle in the pathway towards decreasing NMR is identification of babies in need of extra care. To analyze the utility of newborn foot length as a proxy measure for birth weight and ...
Afjeh Seyyed-Abolfazl SA Mahdieh Medical Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2013
Very low birth weight (VLBW) infants are at high risk for morbidity and mortality. This article determines the frequency of disease, rate od survival, complications and risk factors for morbidity and mortality in VLBW neonates admitted to a level III neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) at Mahdieh Hospital in Tehran. ...
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