Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 2698
< 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 >
Gibson Anne-Marie - - 2013
Extremely low birth weight (<1000 g birth weight) or extremely preterm (<28 weeks of gestation) infants are surviving in greater numbers as neonatal care advances. Many of these survivors, especially those who develop bronchopulmonary dysplasia, have more respiratory ill health in the first years after discharge home, reduced respiratory function and ...
Hyder Ayaz - - 2013
Air pollution may be related to adverse birth outcomes. Exposure information from land-based monitoring stations often suffers from limited spatial coverage. Satellite data offer an alternative data source for exposure assessment. We used birth certificate data for births in Connecticut and Massachusetts, United States (2000-2006). Gestational exposure to PM2.5 was ...
Hair Amy B - - 2013
Despite current nutritional strategies, premature infants remain at high risk for extrauterine growth restriction. The use of an exclusive human milk-based diet is associated with decreased incidence of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), but concerns exist about infants achieving adequate growth. The objective of this study was to evaluate growth velocities and ...
Ásbjörnsdóttir Kristjana H KH aDepartment of Epidemiology bDepartment of Global Health cDepartment of Pediatrics, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington USA dDepartment of Paediatrics & Child Health, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya eDepartment of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington - - 2013
HIV-exposed uninfected (HEU) infants have higher infectious disease morbidity and mortality than unexposed infants. We determined the incidence and risk factors for pneumonia, a leading cause of infant mortality worldwide, in a cohort of HEU infants. Identifying predictors of pneumonia among HEU infants may enable early identification of those at ...
Szajewska Hania - - 2013
Growth is an essential outcome measure for evaluating the safety of any new ingredients, including probiotics, added to infant formulae. The aim of this systematic review was to determine the effects of supplementation of infant formulae with Bifidobacterium lactis Bb12 (B lactis) and/or Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG (LGG) compared with unsupplemented ...
Rane Sharayu - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To compare short-term outcomes of infants who underwent early versus late tracheostomy during their initial hospitalization after birth and determine the association, if any, between tracheostomy timing and outcomes. Study Design: Retrospective chart review of infants who underwent a tracheostomy during their initial hospitalization at a single site. ...
Rosebraugh Matthew R - - 2013
Background.Preterm very low birth weight (VLBW) infants weighing <1.5 kg at birth develop anemia, often requiring multiple red blood cell transfusions (RBCTx). Because laboratory blood loss is a primary cause of anemia leading to RBCTx in VLBW infants, our purpose was to simulate the extent to which RBCTx can be reduced ...
Kapadia Vishal S - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:To determine whether a limited oxygen strategy (LOX) versus a high oxygen strategy (HOX) during delivery room resuscitation decreases oxidative stress in preterm neonates.METHODS:A randomized trial of neonates of 24 to 34 weeks' gestational age (GA) who received resuscitation was performed. LOX neonates received room air as the initial resuscitation ...
Acuña-Muga Juliana - - 2013
Background:Given the importance of mother's milk for very low birth weight (VLBW) infants, it would be helpful to know which circumstances are most favorable for milk expression.Objective:This study aimed to estimate the volume of milk obtained by mothers of VLBW infants as a function of proximity to the infant and ...
Khuri-Bulos Najwa - - 2014
Vitamin D deficiency is well recognized in selected Middle Eastern countries, but neonatal vitamin D status is not well studied in Jordan and other nearby countries. The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in Jordanian newborns and risk factors associated with low levels. ...
Miller Thomas A - - 2013
Despite standardization in care, heterogeneity in outcomes persists for infants with hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS). One potential factor is in utero stressors. Uteroplacental insufficiency (UPI) induces systemic vascular and myocardial adaptations in the absence of structural heart disease. The effect of UPI in HLHS is unknown. We retrospectively analyzed ...
Tzarouchi Loukia C - - 2013
Prematurity and intrauterine growth restriction are associated with neurodevelopmental disabilities. To assess the relationship between growth status and regional brain volume (rBV) and white matter microstructure in premature babies at around term-equivalent age. Premature infants (n= 27) of gestational age (GA): 29.8 ± 2.1 weeks, with normal brain MRI scans were studied at corrected ...
Svendsen Anders J - - 2013
Low birth weight has been proposed as a risk factor for rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The twin-control study design provides an opportunity to investigate the significance of potential prenatal determinants for adult morbidity by accounting for maternal characteristics and early environmental and genetic factors. We investigated the association between birth weight ...
Basuki Fauziah - - 2013
Preterm infants have fewer nutrient reserves at birth than full term infants and often receive artificial formula feeds in the absence of expressed breast milk. Although it is generally agreed that feeding must be initiated slowly and advanced with much greater deliberation than in a healthy, full term infant, the ...
Van Niekerk Evette E Division Human Nutrition, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Stellenbosch University, Tygerberg, South Africa. Electronic address: - - 2013
The aim of this study was to compare the effect of administration of probiotics on feeding tolerance and growth outcomes of HIV-exposed (but uninfected) versus HIV non-exposed preterm infants. The null hypothesis of this study states that there will be no difference in the feeding tolerance and growth outcomes for ...
Maas Christoph - - 2013
Fortified human milk may not meet all nutritional needs of very preterm infants. Early transition from complementary parenteral nutrition to full enteral feeds might further impair in-hospital growth. We aimed to investigate the impact of the cumulative intake of fortified human milk on early postnatal growth in a cohort of ...
Dong Ling - - 2013
To evaluate the association of maternal fasting glucose levels at 4-12 gestational weeks with anthropometry in the offspring from birth to 12 months in Tianjin, China. A total of 57,454 pregnant women underwent a fasting glucose test during the first trimester, and their children had body weight/length measured from birth ...
McAllister Jan J School of Rehabilitation Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
Previous studies have produced conflicting results with regard to the association between birth weight and developmental stuttering. This study sought to determine whether birth weight was associated with childhood and/or adolescent stuttering in three British birth cohort samples. Logistic regression analyses were carried out on data from the Millenium Cohort ...
Persson Martina - - 2013
OBJECTIVE High birth weight is a risk factor for neonatal complications. It is not known if the risk differs with body proportionality. The primary aim of this study was to determine the risk of adverse pregnancy outcome in relation to body proportionality in large-for-gestational-age (LGA) infants stratified by maternal gestational ...
Discenza Deborah - - 2013
Premature babies are at risk for feeding issues that can result in longer NICU stays, challenging feeding sessions at home, and potential concerns for long-term issues with weight gain, developmental milestones, and more. Interviewed is Jayne M. Standley, PhD, MT -BC, NICU-MT , who talks about how lullaby music combined ...
Krishnamoorthy Ss - - 2013
Gentamicin, one of the most commonly used antibiotics in neonates, has potential toxicity. This study was performed to determine the incidence of potential toxicity of gentamicin in term and preterm neonates. A one-year retrospective study in neonates admitted to Special Baby Care Units at University Hospital of North Durham and ...
Yenice Ozlem - - 2013
The role of growth factors in the pathogenesis of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is known. To better understand this issue, the authors investigated vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1), and erythropoietin (EPO) levels in the cord blood of premature newborns. IGF-1, VEGF, and EPO levels were ...
Bolat Fatih - - 2013
Although advances in perinatal medicine have increased the survival rates of critically ill neonates, acute kidney injury (AKI) is still one of the major causes of mortality and morbidity in neonatal intensive care units. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of AKI and analyze demographic data and risk factors ...
Marshall Peter J - - 2013
Recent work has suggested the value of electroencephalographic (EEG) measures in the study of infants' processing of human action. Studies in this area have investigated desynchronization of the sensorimotor mu rhythm during action execution and action observation in infancy. Untested but critical to theory is whether the mu rhythm shows ...
Shah Birju A - - 2013
Neonatal sepsis continues to be a common and significant health care burden, especially in very-low-birth-weight infants (VLBW<1500 g). Though intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis has decreased the incidence of early-onset group B streptococcal infection dramatically, it still remains a major cause of neonatal sepsis. Moreover, some studies among VLBW preterm infants have ...
Balihallimath Rupa L RL Lecturer, Department of Anatomy, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, KLE University , Belgaum, India - - 2013
Placental morphometry determines the foetal development and adulthood disease pattern. Hence, in the present study the influence of placental weight, volume, surface area, and thickness were studied in different groups of birth weight by sex of the newborn. Present study was conducted on 164 consecutive singleton deliveries from a teaching ...
Rhone Erika T - - 2013
Abstract Objective - To quantify exposure to potentially nephrotoxic medications among very low birth weight (VLBW) infants and determine the relationship of nephrotoxic medication exposure to acute kidney injury (AKI) in this vulnerable population. Methods - We reviewed 107 VLBW infants who survived to discharge from April 2011 to March ...
Islam M Mazharul - - 2013
To evaluate the utility of maternal recalled birth size (BS) as a proxy measure for actual birth weight (BW) when BW data are missing. Data for the study come from the 2000 National Health Survey of Oman. Frequency distribution, sensitivity and specificity analysis, bivariate, and multivariate statistical techniques were used ...
Gorovoy Ian R - - 2013
ABSTRACT The differential diagnosis of dilated iris vasculature in a neonate includes retinopathy of prematurity with anterior segment plus disease, persistent fetal vasculature, intrauterine cocaine exposure, maternal diabetes, and other pathologies associated with iris neovascularization and ischemia seen in adult populations, such as central retinal vein occlusions, ocular ischemic syndrome, ...
Demirel Gamze - - 2013
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) may transmit perinatally or from breast milk. The risk for development of symptomatic CMV disease in very-low-birth-weight premature infants after transmission from maternal breast milk is not clear. There are scarce data in the literature about congenital CMV infection in multiple pregnancies, being mostly with twin gestations. Here ...
Mularoni Alessandra - - 2013
Early Onset Sepsis (EOS) is associated with increased major morbidity and mortality rates among very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. The epidemiology is changing in response to evolving medical practice. To evaluate EOS epidemiology, risk factors, mortality and major morbidity rates among VLBW infants within a European cohort. Data from ...
Khan Zeeshan - - 2013
Data on the prevalence and impact of anemia and packed red blood cell (PRBC) transfusions in children with congenital heart disease are limited. Our objectives were to determine the prevalence of anemia and its impact and the impact of PRBC transfusion in the initial 5 days after surgical repair on postoperative ...
Timmerman E - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate the association of first trimester screening variables nuchal translucency (NT), pregnancy associated plasma protein (PAPP-A) and free β human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) and birth weight, with a focus on the prediction of macrosomia. The database of our Fetal Medicine Unit was searched ...
Xia Hongping - - 2013
Candida species is an important cause of nosocomial infection in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). However, most reports in China have been limited to single institutions. The aim of this study is to investigate the epidemiology of invasive candidiasis in multiple NICUs across China. We retrospectively collected demographic data, clinical ...
Rao Krishna A - - 2013
Context: Recent advances in neonatology have influenced the incidence and severity of ROP in a dichotomous fashion. Aims: To determine the incidence of ROP and to analyse its risk factors. Settings and Design: Prospective clinical case series. Materials and Methods: 282 preterm infants with birthweight < 1500g and/or gestational age ...
Tengsupakul Supatida - - 2013
Human cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection may be acquired in very low birth weight and extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants from breast milk. The clinical relevance of such infections is uncertain. There is no consensus on whether screening breast milk for CMV, freezing/pasteurizing milk before feeding, or performing virological monitoring on ...
Lima Paola Azara Tabicas - - 2013
to determine the rate of extrauterine growth restriction in very low birth weight infants and to evaluate the influence of perinatal variables, clinical practices, and neonatal morbidities on this outcome. a longitudinal study was performed in four neonatal units in the city of Rio de Janeiro. 570 very low birth ...
Bhagat Megha M Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital, New Delhi, India ; H. NO.-209, Pragati Apartment, Paschim Vihar, New Delhi, 110063 - - 2014
We aimed to evaluate the predictive value of amniotic fluid index (AFI) (<5) for adverse perinatal outcome in terms of cesarean section for fetal distress, birth weight, meconium staining, Apgar scores, and cord pH at birth. This was a prospective study of 200 antenatal women booked at Ram Manohar Lohia ...
Hentges Cláudia Regina - - 2013
Objective to establish the influence of late-onset sepsis on the neurodevelopment of preterm very low birth weight (VLBW) newborns (NBs) according to the etiological agent. Methods Cohort of NBs with birth weight < 1,500g and gestational age < 32 weeks, admitted to the ICU of the institution within 48hours of ...
Lambo Jonathan A - - 2013
To determine prognostic factors for mortality in neonates with tetanus and to assess the associations between prognostic factors and neonatal tetanus (NT) mortality. Five databases were searched for studies on prognostic factors and NT mortality published up to April 2013 to identify studies relevant to this review. Prognostic factors of ...
Thompson Lisa M LM a Department of Family Health Care Nursing, School of Nursing , University of California, San Francisco , San Francisco , California , - - 2014
We describe Guatemalan birth attendants' identification of vulnerable newborns, their evaluation of gestational age and anthropometry, and the validity of the Capurro and New Ballard newborn gestational age assessment methods. We interviewed 49 birth attendants and trained 10 of these women to assess 63 newborns. The Capurro and Ballard methods ...
Martinez-Lopez Denise G - - 2013
Background:Lipopolysaccharide (LPS), an endotoxin of gram-negative bacteria, causes preterm birth in animals and has been implicated as a factor triggering preterm labor and systemic complications in humans. Little is known regarding LPS in the cord blood (CB) of term and preterm infants and its association with maternal and fetal characteristics.Methods:CB ...
Bell Edward F - - 2013
Background:Little is known about the change in circulating red cell volume (RCV) of very low birth weight (VLBW) infants during the first weeks of life.Methods:RCV was measured during the first 5 days in 35 VLBW infants using chromium-51 labeling of the infants' red blood cells (RBCs). RCV was measured again ...
Davis N L - - 2013
Objective:To evaluate how a single infant car-seat challenge (ICSC) predicts subsequent respiratory physiology in premature infants.Study Design:Prospective observational study of infants born at <37 weeks gestational age. Subjects underwent three ICSCs and we evaluated clinical characteristics, pass rate, and predictive value of a single ICSC pass.Result:Completed three ICSCs on 60 ...
McMullan David Michael - - 2013
Extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation appears to improve survival in patients with acute refractory cardiopulmonary failure. This analysis was performed to determine survival outcomes and predictors of in-hospital mortality for term and preterm neonates who received extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Retrospective review of data from the Extracorporeal Life Support Organization international registry. Pediatric ...
Casner Michael - - 2013
Catheter-associated bloodstream infections are a significant source of morbidity and healthcare cost in the neonatal ICU. Previous studies examining the prevalence of bloodstream infections after removal of peripherally inserted central venous catheters in neonates are equivocal. A retrospective cohort study. Patients: All infants with peripherally inserted central venous catheters treated ...
Wadhawan R - - 2013
Objective:To determine if extremely low birth weight infants with surgical necrotizing enterocolitis have a higher risk of death or neurodevelopmental impairment and neurodevelopmental impairment among survivors (secondary outcome) at 18-22 months corrected age compared with infants with spontaneous intestinal perforation and infants without necrotizing enterocolitis or spontaneous intestinal perforation.Study Design:Retrospective ...
Urwin Heidi J - - 2013
The gut microbiota plays an important role in the development of the immune and gastrointestinal systems of infants. In the present study, we investigated whether increased salmon consumption during pregnancy, maternal weight gain during pregnancy or mode of infant feeding alter the markers of gut immune defence and inflammation. Women ...
Domellöf Magnus - - 2013
Iron deficiency (ID) is the most common micronutrient deficiency worldwide and young children are a special risk group since their rapid growth leads to high iron requirements. Risk factors associated with a higher prevalence of iron deficiency anemia (IDA) include low birth weight, high cow's milk intake, low intake of ...
Bizzarro Matthew J - - 2013
To determine the incidence, microbiology, risk factors, and outcomes related to bloodstream infections (BSIs) concurrent with the onset of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). We performed a retrospective review of all cases of NEC in a single center over 20 years. BSI was categorized as "NEC-associated" if it occurred within 72 hours ...
< 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 >