Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 2720
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- - 2013
Background: Invasive fungal infection is an important cause of mortality and morbidity in very low birth weight infants. Early diagnosis is difficult and treatment is often delayed. Systemic antifungal agents (usually azoles) are increasingly used as prophylaxis against invasive fungal infection. Objectives: To assess the effect of prophylactic systemic antifungal ...
Lee Chungho - - 2013
Background: Atrial septal openings (ASOs) are very common in premature infants. Objective: The study aimed to evaluate the prevalence and natural course of ASOs in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants diagnosed in the first week of life and the association of ASOs with various clinical factors. Methods: We retrospectively ...
Hull Melissa A MA Department of Surgery, Center for Advanced Intestinal Rehabilitation, Boston Children's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, - - 2013
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a leading cause of death in very low birth weight (VLBW) neonates. The overall mortality of NEC is well documented. However, those requiring surgery appear to have increased mortality compared with those managed medically. The objective of this study was to establish national birth-weight-based benchmarks for ...
Saigal Saroj - - 2013
The outcomes of very low birth weight survivors born in the early post-neonatal intensive care era have now been reported to young adulthood in several longitudinal cohort studies, and more recently from large Scandinavian national databases. The latter reports corroborate the findings that despite disabilities, a significant majority of very ...
Fares Samira - - 2013
Preterm neonates are at high risk of vitamin deficiencies, which may expose them to increased morbidity and mortality. This study aimed to determine the prevalence and risk factors for vitamin A, E, and D deficiencies in Tunisian very low birth weight (VLBW) neonates. A total of 607 VLBW and 300 ...
Ishiguro Akio - - 2013
Background:Cardiovascular instability immediately after birth is associated with intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. For circulatory management, evaluation of organ blood flow is important. In this study, the relationship between peripheral perfusion within 48 h after birth and IVH was evaluated in VLBW infants.Methods:In this prospective observational ...
Vasylyeva Tetyana L - - 2013
Understanding associated risk for obesity is a prerequisite to develop early life interventions to arrest the increasing epidemic of metabolic syndrome and obesity among preterm born children and adolescents. A retrospective review of 160 charts was conducted to determine the associated risk of being obese during childhood and adolescent period ...
Nunes Magda Lahorgue - - 2013
To evaluate electroencephalogram (EEG) patterns in very low birth weight premature newborns when reaching term-to-term neonates, thereby comparing extra uterine to intra uterine development. EEG recordings were obtained between 2 and 14days of life in 47 preterm (<37weeks) very low birth weight (⩽1500g) newborns and repeated when reaching term age ...
Lago Paola - - 2013
Background: Ibuprofen (IBU) has proved as effective as indomethacin in the pharmacological closure of hemodynamically significant patent ductus arteriosus (HsPDA), with an efficacy inversely related to gestational age (57-89%). Objective: This study aimed to establish whether continuous infusions of IBU could be more effective in very low birth weight infants ...
Teoli Dac A - - 2013
We conducted a cross-sectional, correlational analysis of the West Virginia Birth Score Program database examining the relationship between maternal self-rated health (SRH) and infant low birth weight (LBW), preterm birth, and small for gestational age (SGA). We found that, after controlling for covariates, mothers reporting fair/poor SRH were more likely ...
Paranjothy Shantini - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:To investigate the risk of emergency respiratory hospital admission during childhood associated with gestational age at birth and growth restriction in utero.METHODS:The study included a total population electronic birth cohort with anonymized record-linkage of multiple health and administrative data sets. Participants were 318 613 children born in Wales, United Kingdom, between ...
Knecht D - - 2013
This article studies the effect of a boar's birth season and breed on semen parameters and its further reproductive performance. Research material consisted of 72 boars from three breeds (24 Polish Large White PLW, 24 Polish Landrace PL, 24 Duroc × Pietrain D×P). During the whole period of the study, ...
Mehler Katrin - - 2013
Background: Very immature preterm infants are at risk of developing symptomatic or severe infection if cytomegalovirus is transmitted via breast milk. It is still a matter of debate whether human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infection may lead to long-term sequelae. Objectives: We hypothesized that symptomatic and severe HCMV infection transmitted via breast ...
Aris Izzuddin M - - 2013
Context:Gestational hyperglycemia increases the risk of obesity and diabetes in offspring later in life.Objective:We examined the relationship between gestational glycemia and neonatal adiposity in a multiethnic cohort of Singaporean neonates.Design:A prospective mother-offspring cohort study recruited 1247 pregnant mothers (57.2% Chinese, 25.5% Malay, 17.3% Indian) and performed 75-g, 2-hour oral glucose ...
Surek D - - 2013
This study examined the relationship between birth weight and growth performance when suckling piglets were reared in litters standardized by birth weight. Forty-four gilts (Landrace x Large White) due to farrow during the same week were selected. Piglets born to those gilts were individually weighed at birth and cross-fostered to ...
Fisher Jeremy G JG Department of Surgery, Boston Children's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, GA, USA; Center for Advanced Intestinal Rehabilitation, Boston Children's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, GA, - - 2014
Spontaneous intestinal perforation (SIP) has been recognized as a distinct disease entity. This study sought to quantify mortality associated with laparotomy-confirmed SIP and to compare it to mortality of laparotomy-confirmed necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). Data were prospectively collected on 177,618 very-low-birth-weight (VLBW, 401-1500g) neonates born between January 2006 and December 2010 ...
Hyder Ayaz - - 2013
Air pollution may be related to adverse birth outcomes. Exposure information from land-based monitoring stations often suffers from limited spatial coverage. Satellite data offer an alternative data source for exposure assessment. We used birth certificate data for births in Connecticut and Massachusetts, United States (2000-2006). Gestational exposure to PM2.5 was ...
Gibson Anne-Marie - - 2013
Extremely low birth weight (<1000 g birth weight) or extremely preterm (<28 weeks of gestation) infants are surviving in greater numbers as neonatal care advances. Many of these survivors, especially those who develop bronchopulmonary dysplasia, have more respiratory ill health in the first years after discharge home, reduced respiratory function and ...
Ásbjörnsdóttir Kristjana H KH aDepartment of Epidemiology bDepartment of Global Health cDepartment of Pediatrics, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington USA dDepartment of Paediatrics & Child Health, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya eDepartment of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington - - 2013
HIV-exposed uninfected (HEU) infants have higher infectious disease morbidity and mortality than unexposed infants. We determined the incidence and risk factors for pneumonia, a leading cause of infant mortality worldwide, in a cohort of HEU infants. Identifying predictors of pneumonia among HEU infants may enable early identification of those at ...
Hair Amy B - - 2013
Despite current nutritional strategies, premature infants remain at high risk for extrauterine growth restriction. The use of an exclusive human milk-based diet is associated with decreased incidence of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), but concerns exist about infants achieving adequate growth. The objective of this study was to evaluate growth velocities and ...
Szajewska Hania - - 2013
Growth is an essential outcome measure for evaluating the safety of any new ingredients, including probiotics, added to infant formulae. The aim of this systematic review was to determine the effects of supplementation of infant formulae with Bifidobacterium lactis Bb12 (B lactis) and/or Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG (LGG) compared with unsupplemented ...
Rane Sharayu - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To compare short-term outcomes of infants who underwent early versus late tracheostomy during their initial hospitalization after birth and determine the association, if any, between tracheostomy timing and outcomes. Study Design: Retrospective chart review of infants who underwent a tracheostomy during their initial hospitalization at a single site. ...
Kapadia Vishal S - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:To determine whether a limited oxygen strategy (LOX) versus a high oxygen strategy (HOX) during delivery room resuscitation decreases oxidative stress in preterm neonates.METHODS:A randomized trial of neonates of 24 to 34 weeks' gestational age (GA) who received resuscitation was performed. LOX neonates received room air as the initial resuscitation ...
Rosebraugh Matthew R - - 2013
Background.Preterm very low birth weight (VLBW) infants weighing <1.5 kg at birth develop anemia, often requiring multiple red blood cell transfusions (RBCTx). Because laboratory blood loss is a primary cause of anemia leading to RBCTx in VLBW infants, our purpose was to simulate the extent to which RBCTx can be reduced ...
Acuña-Muga Juliana - - 2013
Background:Given the importance of mother's milk for very low birth weight (VLBW) infants, it would be helpful to know which circumstances are most favorable for milk expression.Objective:This study aimed to estimate the volume of milk obtained by mothers of VLBW infants as a function of proximity to the infant and ...
Khuri-Bulos Najwa - - 2014
Vitamin D deficiency is well recognized in selected Middle Eastern countries, but neonatal vitamin D status is not well studied in Jordan and other nearby countries. The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in Jordanian newborns and risk factors associated with low levels. ...
Van Niekerk Evette E Division Human Nutrition, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Stellenbosch University, Tygerberg, South Africa. Electronic address: - - 2013
The aim of this study was to compare the effect of administration of probiotics on feeding tolerance and growth outcomes of HIV-exposed (but uninfected) versus HIV non-exposed preterm infants. The null hypothesis of this study states that there will be no difference in the feeding tolerance and growth outcomes for ...
Miller Thomas A - - 2013
Despite standardization in care, heterogeneity in outcomes persists for infants with hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS). One potential factor is in utero stressors. Uteroplacental insufficiency (UPI) induces systemic vascular and myocardial adaptations in the absence of structural heart disease. The effect of UPI in HLHS is unknown. We retrospectively analyzed ...
Svendsen Anders J - - 2013
Low birth weight has been proposed as a risk factor for rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The twin-control study design provides an opportunity to investigate the significance of potential prenatal determinants for adult morbidity by accounting for maternal characteristics and early environmental and genetic factors. We investigated the association between birth weight ...
Basuki Fauziah - - 2013
Preterm infants have fewer nutrient reserves at birth than full term infants and often receive artificial formula feeds in the absence of expressed breast milk. Although it is generally agreed that feeding must be initiated slowly and advanced with much greater deliberation than in a healthy, full term infant, the ...
Tzarouchi Loukia C - - 2013
Prematurity and intrauterine growth restriction are associated with neurodevelopmental disabilities. To assess the relationship between growth status and regional brain volume (rBV) and white matter microstructure in premature babies at around term-equivalent age. Premature infants (n= 27) of gestational age (GA): 29.8 ± 2.1 weeks, with normal brain MRI scans were studied at corrected ...
Dong Ling - - 2013
To evaluate the association of maternal fasting glucose levels at 4-12 gestational weeks with anthropometry in the offspring from birth to 12 months in Tianjin, China. A total of 57,454 pregnant women underwent a fasting glucose test during the first trimester, and their children had body weight/length measured from birth ...
McAllister Jan J School of Rehabilitation Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
Previous studies have produced conflicting results with regard to the association between birth weight and developmental stuttering. This study sought to determine whether birth weight was associated with childhood and/or adolescent stuttering in three British birth cohort samples. Logistic regression analyses were carried out on data from the Millenium Cohort ...
Shah Birju A - - 2013
Neonatal sepsis continues to be a common and significant health care burden, especially in very-low-birth-weight infants (VLBW<1500 g). Though intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis has decreased the incidence of early-onset group B streptococcal infection dramatically, it still remains a major cause of neonatal sepsis. Moreover, some studies among VLBW preterm infants have ...
Kanmaz Hayriye Gozde - - 2013
Very low birth weight infants require 3 - 4 g/kg/day protein intake to provide satisfactory postnata growth rates and neurodevelopmental outcomes. However, they have fewer functional nephrons, thereby increasing vulnerability for impaired renal functions. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of different amounts of enteral protein ...
Discenza Deborah - - 2013
Premature babies are at risk for feeding issues that can result in longer NICU stays, challenging feeding sessions at home, and potential concerns for long-term issues with weight gain, developmental milestones, and more. Interviewed is Jayne M. Standley, PhD, MT -BC, NICU-MT , who talks about how lullaby music combined ...
Marshall Peter J - - 2013
Recent work has suggested the value of electroencephalographic (EEG) measures in the study of infants' processing of human action. Studies in this area have investigated desynchronization of the sensorimotor mu rhythm during action execution and action observation in infancy. Untested but critical to theory is whether the mu rhythm shows ...
Persson Martina - - 2013
OBJECTIVE High birth weight is a risk factor for neonatal complications. It is not known if the risk differs with body proportionality. The primary aim of this study was to determine the risk of adverse pregnancy outcome in relation to body proportionality in large-for-gestational-age (LGA) infants stratified by maternal gestational ...
Yenice Ozlem - - 2013
The role of growth factors in the pathogenesis of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is known. To better understand this issue, the authors investigated vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1), and erythropoietin (EPO) levels in the cord blood of premature newborns. IGF-1, VEGF, and EPO levels were ...
Balihallimath Rupa L RL Lecturer, Department of Anatomy, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, KLE University , Belgaum, India - - 2013
Placental morphometry determines the foetal development and adulthood disease pattern. Hence, in the present study the influence of placental weight, volume, surface area, and thickness were studied in different groups of birth weight by sex of the newborn. Present study was conducted on 164 consecutive singleton deliveries from a teaching ...
Bolat Fatih - - 2013
Although advances in perinatal medicine have increased the survival rates of critically ill neonates, acute kidney injury (AKI) is still one of the major causes of mortality and morbidity in neonatal intensive care units. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of AKI and analyze demographic data and risk factors ...
Krishnamoorthy Ss - - 2013
Gentamicin, one of the most commonly used antibiotics in neonates, has potential toxicity. This study was performed to determine the incidence of potential toxicity of gentamicin in term and preterm neonates. A one-year retrospective study in neonates admitted to Special Baby Care Units at University Hospital of North Durham and ...
Rhone Erika T - - 2013
Abstract Objective - To quantify exposure to potentially nephrotoxic medications among very low birth weight (VLBW) infants and determine the relationship of nephrotoxic medication exposure to acute kidney injury (AKI) in this vulnerable population. Methods - We reviewed 107 VLBW infants who survived to discharge from April 2011 to March ...
Islam M Mazharul - - 2013
To evaluate the utility of maternal recalled birth size (BS) as a proxy measure for actual birth weight (BW) when BW data are missing. Data for the study come from the 2000 National Health Survey of Oman. Frequency distribution, sensitivity and specificity analysis, bivariate, and multivariate statistical techniques were used ...
Demirel Gamze - - 2013
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) may transmit perinatally or from breast milk. The risk for development of symptomatic CMV disease in very-low-birth-weight premature infants after transmission from maternal breast milk is not clear. There are scarce data in the literature about congenital CMV infection in multiple pregnancies, being mostly with twin gestations. Here ...
Gorovoy Ian R - - 2013
ABSTRACT The differential diagnosis of dilated iris vasculature in a neonate includes retinopathy of prematurity with anterior segment plus disease, persistent fetal vasculature, intrauterine cocaine exposure, maternal diabetes, and other pathologies associated with iris neovascularization and ischemia seen in adult populations, such as central retinal vein occlusions, ocular ischemic syndrome, ...
Mularoni Alessandra - - 2013
Early Onset Sepsis (EOS) is associated with increased major morbidity and mortality rates among very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. The epidemiology is changing in response to evolving medical practice. To evaluate EOS epidemiology, risk factors, mortality and major morbidity rates among VLBW infants within a European cohort. Data from ...
Khan Zeeshan - - 2013
Data on the prevalence and impact of anemia and packed red blood cell (PRBC) transfusions in children with congenital heart disease are limited. Our objectives were to determine the prevalence of anemia and its impact and the impact of PRBC transfusion in the initial 5 days after surgical repair on postoperative ...
Timmerman E - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate the association of first trimester screening variables nuchal translucency (NT), pregnancy associated plasma protein (PAPP-A) and free β human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) and birth weight, with a focus on the prediction of macrosomia. The database of our Fetal Medicine Unit was searched ...
Rao Krishna A - - 2013
Context: Recent advances in neonatology have influenced the incidence and severity of ROP in a dichotomous fashion. Aims: To determine the incidence of ROP and to analyse its risk factors. Settings and Design: Prospective clinical case series. Materials and Methods: 282 preterm infants with birthweight < 1500g and/or gestational age ...
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