Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 2397
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Aly Hany - - 2013
Abstract Objective: We aimed to compare clinical presentation and risk factors associated with the development of pneumothorax among newborns of different birth weight (BW) categories. Methods: We collected clinical and respiratory data on all newborns diagnosed with pneumothorax over a ten-year period. Infants were classified into two groups with BW ...
Neff Karl J - - 2013
To construct a clinical management matrix using serial fetal abdominal circumference measurements (ACMs) that will predict normal birth weight in pregnancies complicated by gestational diabetes (GDM) and reduce unnecessary ultrasound examination in women with GDM. Retrospective cohort study of 144 women with GDM in a specialist obstetric-diabetes clinic. Women with ...
Lepomäki Virva - - 2013
Normal intrauterine conditions are essential to normal brain growth and development; premature birth and growth restriction can interrupt brain maturation. Maturation processes can be studied using diffusion tensor imaging. The aim of this study was to use tract-based spatial statistics to assess the effect that early postnatal growth from birth ...
Amrutha Veena K - - 2013
The present study aimed to evaluate the nutritional status of infants in Ramanathapuram district of Tamilnadu. The present study comprised a community-based cross-sectional study conducted in seven taluks of the Ramanathapuram district. A total of 2800 infants (<1 year of age) comprising of 1400 male and 1400 female infants were selected ...
Verropoulou Georgia - - 2013
Summary Identification of modifiable factors and mediators linked to low and heavy birth weight is crucial in reducing infant mortality and health care expenditure. The present paper explores the associations of socio-demographic factors and immigrant status of parents with adverse pregnancy outcomes in Hong Kong. The analysis compares very low ...
Cossey Veerle - - 2013
Abstract Objective: This study investigated the intestinal colonization with staphylococci in very low birth weight infants in relation to the type of enteral feeding and evaluated the intestine as potential source for staphylococcal bacteremia. Patients and Methods: Infants born in the Level III neonatal intensive care unit of a university ...
Nixon P A - - 2013
Objective:To compare asthma history and pulmonary function in adolescents born prematurely with very low birth weight with and without antenatal steroid exposure.Study Design:We studied 188 fourteen-year olds (94 exposed, 84 male). We used parent report to ascertain asthma and asthma-related symptoms and spirometry to assess pulmonary function. Steroid-exposed and -unexposed ...
Ozdemir Tunç - - 2013
PURPOSE: It is common practice for premature infants undergoing elective inguinal hernia (IH) repair to be hospitalized for postoperative apnea monitoring. This study evaluated the risk of apnea after IH repair with regard to gestational age (GA) and postconceptional age (PCA) in formerly premature infants. METHODS: Formerly premature infants who ...
Gittner Lisaann S - - 2013
Distinguishing an obesity growth pattern that originates during infancy is clinically important. Infancy based obesity prevention interventions may be needed while precursors of later health are forming. Infant obesity and severe obesity growth patterns in the first 2-years are described and distinguished from a normal weight growth pattern. A retrospective ...
Burton Pat - - 2013
Background:Mothers with preterm infants may need to express milk for considerable periods. Research to improve breast pump design has focused on compression stimuli, frequencies, and vacuums.Objective:This study aimed to compare the effectiveness of 2 electric pumps: Medela Symphony (pump S) and a novel pump (Philips AVENT Twin electronic pump; pump ...
Mash Clay - - 2013
This research examined the development of adaptive generalization in infants' object-directed actions. Infants ages 9 and 12 months participated in an object manipulation task with stimulus objects from 2 categories that differed in shape and weight and that bore a consistent shape or weight correspondence. Weight differences between categories affected ...
Boo Nem-Yun - - 2013
This study aimed to determine the prevalence of admission hypothermia (AH) among very-low-birth-weight (≤1500 g) infants in 32 Malaysian neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). This was a retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data of all very-low-birth-weight infants admitted and a questionnaire survey of the practice of AH prevention. Of the ...
Matsui Gakuyo - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The purposes of this study was to clarify the development of the ability to imitation skills in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants compared with full-term infants in focusing on the onset of bye-bye. METHODS: Full-term (597; ranging in age from 6 to 21 months) infants and VLBW infants ...
Costopoulou Danae - - 2013
The dietary exposure of infants to polychlorinated dibenzo dioxins and furans (PCDD/Fs) and dioxin like polychlorinated biphenyls (dl-PCBs) is an issue of great social impact. We investigated for the first time the dietary intake of these compounds in infants living in Greece. We included in our study two age groups: ...
Smithers Lisa G LG School of Population Health, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia. - - 2013
The objective was to examine associations of neonatal weight gain (NWG) and head circumference gain (HCG) with IQ scores and behavior at early school age. We used data from the Promotion of Breastfeeding Intervention Trial, involving Belarusian infants born full term and weighing ≥2500 g. NWG and HCG were measured ...
Fortes Filho João Borges - - 2013
Objectives: This study evaluated the incidence and risk factors for severe retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in babies <1000 g at Porto Alegre, Brazil.Methods: Prospective cohort study including premature children with birth weight ≤1000 g was conducted. Main outcome was the occurrence of severe ROP needing treatment.Results: A total of 157 ...
Sankilampi Ulla - - 2013
Background and objectives. Birth size curves are needed for clinical and epidemiological purposes. We constructed birth weight (BW), length (BL), and head circumference (BHC) references, assessed effects of twinness and parity, and defined cut-off points for small, appropriate, and large for gestational age. Materials and methods. Birth register data of ...
Turner Claudia - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Identifying unwell neonates, particularly in the first week of life, is often subjective. If normal values are known, calculating the weight lost or gained from birth weight can be a useful adjunct in the evaluation of the health of a neonate. METHODS: Serial body weights of well, term, breast ...
Takayanagi Toshimitsu - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To determine the characteristics of the cognitive function in very-low-birth-weight infants (VLBWI) at six years of age and investigate significant factors during NICU admission that affect cognitive outcomes. STUDY SUBJECTS AND PROTOCOL: One hundred and eighty-nine VLBWI (28.4 weeks, 1024 g), including 93 EL infants whose birth weight was ...
Grobman William A WA Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Northwestern University, Chicago, - - 2013
The objective of the study was to determine whether an individualized growth standard (IS) improves the identification of preterm small-for-gestational-age (SGA) neonates at risk of developing moderate/severe cerebral palsy (CP) or death. This study was a secondary analysis of data from a randomized trial of MgSO4 for the prevention of ...
Rochow Niels - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Fortification of breast milk is an accepted practice for feeding very low birth weight infants, however, fixed dosage enhancement does not address variations in native breast milk. This could lead to deficiencies in calories and macronutrients. We therefore established the infrastructure for target fortification in breast milk by measuring ...
Fenton Tanis R - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Current fetal-infant growth references have an obvious growth disjuncture around 40 week gestation overlapping where the fetal and infant growth references are combined. Graphical smoothening of the disjuncture to connect the matching percentile curves has never been validated. This study was designed to compare weight gain patterns of contemporary ...
Alleman Brandon W BW Department of Pediatrics, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, - - 2013
To examine factors affecting center differences in mortality for extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants. We analyzed data for 5418 ELBW infants born at 16 Neonatal Research Network centers during 2006-2009. The primary outcomes of early mortality (≤12 hours after birth) and in-hospital mortality were assessed by using multilevel hierarchical ...
Fujisawa Yasuko - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of childhood obesity has increased worldwide over the past decade. Despite evidence that human milk lowers the risk of childhood obesity, the mechanism is not fully understood. AIMS: We investigated the direct effect of human milk on differentiation of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes. Study design and subjects: 3T3-L1 preadipocytes ...
Helfer Sven - - 2013
AIMS: To assess the effects of region of interest (ROI) size and strain length (SL) on the quality of analysis and to determine the feasibility and reproducibility of tissue Doppler-derived cardiac strain (S) and strain rate (SR) measurements for preterm infants <1500 g birth weight. METHODS AND RESULTS: The beat-to-beat variation ...
Dizdarer Ceyhun - - 2013
Objective: To assess insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1)/IGF-binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) axis and insulin resistance (IR) and the relationship of these parameters with growth in appropriate for gestational age (AGA) and small for gestational age (SGA) infants at birth and in early infancy.Methods: Postnatal blood samples for measurement of glucose, insulin, IGF-1, ...
Kassab Manal - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Transient tachypnoea of the newborn (TTN) results from delayed clearance of lung liquid and is a common cause of admission of full term infants to neonatal intensive care units. The condition is particularly common after elective caesarean section. Conventional treatment involves appropriate oxygen administration and continuous positive airway pressure ...
Mukhopadhyay Kanya - - 2013
This study was conducted to compare the survival and morbidity of extremely low birth weight neonates born during two different time periods (2009-10 and 2001-02) at a Level III referral neonatal unit in Northern India. All consecutive intramural extremely low birth weight neonates (<1000g), irrespective of gestation, and admitted to ...
Leadford Alicia E - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES:Hypothermia contributes to neonatal mortality and morbidity, especially in preterm and low birth weight infants in developing countries. Plastic bags covering the trunk and extremities of very low birth weight infants reduces hypothermia. This technique has not been studied in larger infants or in many resource-limited settings. The ...
Kato Tsuguhiko - - 2013
Barker's fetal programming hypothesis suggests that disproportionate size at birth may have a lifelong impact on one's health. However, the literature on birth length is considerably more sparse compared with birthweight. We, therefore, examined the relationship between birth length and hospitalisation early in life among Japanese children. We used the ...
Adams-Chapman Ira I Department of Pediatrics, Emory University School of Medicine, and Children’s Healthcare of Atlanta, Atlanta, GA, USA. - - 2013
Birth defects (BDs) are an important cause of infant mortality and disproportionately occur among low birth weight infants. We determined the prevalence of BDs in a cohort of very low birth weight (VLBW) infants cared for at the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Neonatal ...
Carlisle Erica M - - 2013
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) continues to be a major cause of morbidity and mortality in low birth weight infants. Although decades of research point to a role for gut bacteria in the pathogenesis of the disease, the exact relationship between microbes and NEC has not been elucidated. In this review, we ...
Thibeau Shelley - - 2013
: The purpose of this study was to explore the use of mothers' own milk (colostrums, transitional milk, and mature milk) as oral care in the ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP)-prevention bundle of mechanically ventilated preterm infants weighing 1500 g or less. : Mechanically ventilated preterm infants weighing 1500 g or less ...
Raimondi Dolores - - 2013
Introduction. The number of foreign migrants tends to grow. The situation of people living away from their own country is complex and has an impact on the public health system. The objective of this article was to analyze the perinatal risk of migrant mothers and their newborn infants in comparison ...
Ren Jingchao - - 2013
To determine the association of high birth weight (HBW) with the risk of obesity in childhood and adolescence. We also aimed to explore the interactions of HBW with physical activity and dietary habits. In a birth cohort born in 1993, 1994, and 1995 in Wuxi, China, subjects with a birth ...
Kapoor Kapil - - 2013
To evaluate the incidence, etiology, outcome, and predictors of mortality in neonates with Acute Renal Failure (ARF) in an out born Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) of India. A retrospective analysis of case records of out born neonates, who had ARF at admission or developed ARF during NICU stay, from ...
Aliabadi Faranak - - 2013
Low Birth Weight [LBW] (1500gr ≤ Birth Weight ≤ 2499 gr) is one of the most serious health problems in neonates. These neonates need complementary interventions (e.g. tactile-kinesthetic stimulation) to promote development. This study was conducted to determine the effect of Tactile-Kinesthetic Stimulation (TKS) on physical and behavioral development of ...
Werner Erika F - - 2013
To examine the association between route of delivery and neonatal outcomes in a large, diverse cohort of preterm, appropriate-for-gestational-age neonates. This is a retrospective cohort study examining New York City birth data for 1995-2003 linked to hospital discharge data. Data were limited to singleton, live-born, cephalic neonates delivered between 24 ...
Latini Giuseppe - - 2013
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) continues to represent a significant cause of morbidity among survivors of severe prematurity in the NICU. The increasing prevalence of BPD over the decades has been suggested to be related to the increased survival of extremely low birthweight infants. To evaluate differences in prevalence of BPD (BPD28d ...
Eras Z - - 2013
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) may occur with poor weight gain, esophagitis, hematemesis and respiratory problems in an infant. Common treatment strategies include positioning, feeding thickeness, histamine2 receptor antagonists, antiacids, and prokinetics. Metoclopramide is a prokinetic drug used to treat GERD and it has been reported to be a most commonly ...
Hanieh Sarah - - 2013
Anemia affects over 500 million women, and in pregnancy is associated with impaired maternal and infant outcomes. Intermittent antenatal iron supplementation is an attractive alternative to daily dosing; however, the impact of this strategy on infant outcomes remains unclear. We compared the effect of intermittent antenatal iron supplementation with daily ...
Honein Margaret A - - 2013
Objective: Approximately one-third of US reproductive-aged women are obese, and prepregnancy obesity is a strong risk factor for adverse fetal and infant outcomes. The annual number of preventable adverse fetal and infant outcomes associated with prepregnancy obesity in the US was estimated. Design and Methods: Adverse fetal and infant outcomes ...
Sámano Reyna - - 2013
Exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) in adolescent mothers has been associated with greater postpartum maternal weight loss. To assess the associations between EBF and weight loss in adolescent and adult mothers and between EBF and weight and length gain of their children. A cohort of 68 adolescent mothers (15 to 19 years), ...
Rossin-Slater Maya - - 2013
A large body of evidence indicates that conditions in-utero and health at birth matter for individuals' long-run outcomes, suggesting potential value in programs aimed at pregnant women and young children. This paper uses a novel identification strategy and data from birth and administrative records over 2005-2009 to provide causal estimates ...
Hamta Amir A Department of Biostatistics and Community Medicine, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Mazandarana, IR - - 2013
LBW rate is one of the most important health indices in every society. It reveals mothers and their new-born infants' health. Our aim, in the present paper, was to present a new statistical framework for analysis based on path analysis techniques. A prospective study was conducted in two maternity wards, ...
Ferdynus C - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To compare prediction of perinatal deaths among preterm infants based on fetal weight standards versus a new subpopulation-based birthweight standard. DESIGN: Population-based cohort study. SETTING: France. POPULATION: A total of 9100 preterm singletons, born between 24 and 36 weeks of gestation in 2000-09, in Burgundy (France). METHODS: We first classified ...
Swartz Michael F - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Despite repair, a significant proportion of patients with coarctation of the aorta (CoA) present with late hypertension. Increased gene expression of aortic wall collagen and vascular smooth muscle cell markers occurs in the presence of hypertension. Before repair, a patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) limits hypertension proximal to the coarctation. ...
Meyer Sascha - - 2013
Sanghvi and colleagues demonstrated the feasibility of initiating exclusive enteral feeds from first day of life in stable infants with birth weight between 1200 and 1500 g[1]. This regimen led to twice as faster regaining of birth weight and halved duration of hospital stay. Of note, no unwanted side effects - ...
Conner Shayna N - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that increasing body mass index (BMI) is associated with increased time from skin incision to infant delivery and increased neonatal morbidity at cesarean. STUDY DESIGN: We performed a retrospective cohort study of all cesarean deliveries occurring at one institution from 2004-2008. Four comparison groups were ...
Much Daniela - - 2013
Background:There is some evidence that the n-6/n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFAs) ratio in early nutrition, and thus in breast milk, could influence infant body composition.Methods:In an open-label randomized controlled trial 208 healthy pregnant women were allocated to a dietary intervention (supplementation with 1200 mg n-3 LCPUFAs per day and instructions ...
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