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Madkour Aubrey Spriggs - - 2013
Although infants born to adolescent mothers are at increased risk of adverse birth outcomes, little is known about contributors to birth outcomes in this group. Given past research linking partner abuse to adverse birth outcomes among adult mothers, we explored associations between pre-pregnancy verbal and physical dating violence and the ...
Kothari Catherine L CL Catherine L. Kothari is with the Department of Emergency Medicine, Western Michigan University School of Medicine, Kalamazoo. Ruth Zielinski is with the Western Michigan University School of Nursing, Kalamazoo. Arthur James is with the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Ohio State University, Columbus. Remitha M. Charoth is with the Department of Psychiatry, Western Michigan University School of Medicine. Luz del Carmen Sweezy is with Healthy Babies Healthy Start, Kalamazoo County Department of Health and Community Services, - - 2013
Objectives. We determined whether participation in Healthy Babies Healthy Start (HBHS), a maternal health program emphasizing racial equity and delivering services through case management home visitation, was associated with improved birth outcomes for Black women relative to White women. Methods. We used a matched-comparison posttest-only design in which we selected ...
Edmunds Lynn S LS Lynn S. Edmunds and Jackson P. Sekhobo are with the Evaluation, Research, and Surveillance Unit, Division of Nutrition, New York State Department of Health, Albany. Barbara A. Dennison and Howard H. Stratton are with the Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University at Albany, State University of New York, Albany. Barbara A. Dennison is also with the Policy and Research Translation Unit, Division of Chronic Disease Prevention, New York State Department of Health, Albany. Mary Ann Chiasson is with Public Health Solutions, New York, NY. Kirsten K. Davison is with the Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, - - 2013
Objectives. We tested the hypothesis that early enrollment in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC) is associated with a reduced risk of rapid infant weight gain (RIWG). Methods. We used a longitudinal cohort of mother-infant pairs (n = 157 590) enrolled in WIC in New York State from ...
Zahran Sammy S Sammy Zahran and Bruce G. Link are with the Department of Epidemiology, Columbia University, Mailman School of Public Health, New York, NY. Ian M. Breunig is with the Pharmaceutical Health Services Research Department University of Maryland, School of Pharmacy, Baltimore. Jeffrey G. Snodgrass is with the Department of Anthropology, and Stephan Weiler is with the Department of Economics, Colorado State University, Fort - - 2013
Objectives. We analyzed singleton births to determine the relationship between birth weight and altitude exposure. Methods. We analyzed 715 213 singleton births across 74 counties from the western states of Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, and Washington from January 1, 2000, to December 31, 2000. Birth ...
Ruiz T L TL 1] Health Fellows Program, Trinity College, Hartford, CT, USA [2] Clinical Trials Unit, Connecticut Children's Medical Center, Hartford, CT, USA [3] Division of Neonatology, Connecticut Children's Medical Center, Hartford, CT, - - 2013
Objective:The objective of this study was to compare hand-transcribed oxygen saturation (SpO2) with electronic oximeter data in very low birth weight infants (VLBWI, <1500 g).Study Design:Oximeter data were downloaded from birth through 36 weeks postmenstrual age (PMA) for VLBWI before and after interventions to improve neonatal intensive care unit oxygen management. ...
Elder Todd E TE Todd E. Elder, John H. Goddeeris, and Steven J. Haider are with the Department of Economics, Michigan State University, East Lansing. Nigel Paneth is with the Departments of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Michigan State - - 2013
Objectives. We examined how changes in demographic, geographic, and childbearing risk factors were related to changes in the Black-White infant mortality rate (IMR) gap over 2 decades. Methods. Using 1983-2004 Vital Statistics, we applied inverse probability weighting methods to examine the relationship between risk factors and 3 outcomes: the overall ...
Witt Whitney P WP At the time of the study, all authors were with the Department of Health Sciences, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, - - 2014
We sought to determine if and to what extent a woman's exposure to stressful life events prior to conception (PSLEs) were associated with subsequent infant birth weight by using a nationally representative sample of US women. We examined 9350 mothers and infants participating in the first wave of the Early ...
Davis Regina R RR Regina R. Davis, Sandra L. Hofferth, and Edmond D. Shenassa are with the Maternal and Child Health Program, Department of Family Science, University of Maryland, College Park. Regina R. Davis is also with the American Public Health Association, Washington, DC. Edmond D. Shenassa is also with the Department of Epidemiology, University of Maryland, College - - 2014
We examined the association of prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) and gestational weight gain (GWG) with risk of death during infancy using the Institute of Medicine's (IOM's) Pregnancy Weight Gain Guidelines. We obtained maternal and infant data for 2004-2008 from 159,244 women with a singleton, full-term, live birth in the ...
Giannì Maria Lorella ML 1Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Department of Clinical Science and Community Health, Fondazione IRCCS "Ca' Granda" Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, University of Milan, - - 2013
Background:Early feeding choices may affect long-term health outcomes. Therefore, understanding body composition changes in healthy breastfed infants has become an important research focus.Objectives:The aims of this review were to investigate the body composition changes that occur during weight loss in breastfed term newborns and to examine body composition differences between ...
Class Quetzal A - - 2013
Associations between low birth weight (≤2,500 g) and increased risk of mortality and morbidity provided the foundation for the "developmental origins of health and disease" hypothesis. Previous between-family studies could not control for unmeasured confounders. Therefore, we compared differentially exposed siblings to estimate the extent to which the associations were ...
Brownell Elizabeth A EA The Connecticut Human Milk Research Center, Division of Neonatology, Connecticut Children's Medical Center, Hartford, - - 2013
Objective The aim of this study is to construct a predictive model for very low birth weight (VLBW) infants' receipt of mother's own milk within 24 hours before neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) discharge. Study Design Vermont Oxford Network (VON) clinical data were analyzed retrospectively for VLBW infants admitted between 2002 and ...
Brown A A Department of Public Health and Policy Studies, College of Human and Health Sciences, Swansea University, Swansea, - - 2013
Nutrition during infancy may have a long-term impact upon weight gain and eating style. How infants are introduced to solid foods may be important. Traditionally, infants are introduced to solid foods via spoon-feeding of purees. However, baby-led weaning advocates allowing infants to self-feed foods in their whole form. Advocates suggest ...
Padilla Nelly N Department of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, (ICGON), Hospital Clínic, Universidad de Barcelona, C/Sabino de Arana 1, Helios III, 08028, Barcelona, Spain; Institut D'investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer (IDIBAPS), C/ Villarroel 170, 08036, Barcelona, Spain; Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Enfermedades Raras (CIBERER), Corporació Sanitària Clínic, C/ Villarroel 170, 08036, Barcelona, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2013
Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is associated with a high risk of abnormal neurodevelopment. Underlying neuroanatomical substrates are partially documented. We hypothesized that at 12 months preterm infants would evidence specific white-matter microstructure alterations and gray-matter differences induced by severe IUGR. Twenty preterm infants with IUGR (26-34 weeks of gestation) were ...
Basu Rupa R California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment, Air Pollution Epidemiology Section, Oakland, CA, USA. Electronic address: - - 2013
Relationships between prenatal exposure to fine particles (PM2.5) and birth weight have been observed previously. Few studies have investigated specific constituents of PM2.5, which may identify sources and major contributors of risk. We examined the effects of trimester and full gestational prenatal exposures to PM2.5 mass and 23 PM2.5 constituents ...
Leppänen Marika M Departments of - - 2013
OBJECTIVES:To study how antenatal growth affects cognitive outcome in very preterm infants and to determine whether there is an association between growth in any particular time period between birth and 5 years of age and cognitive outcome. Small for gestational age (SGA) and non-SGA infants were analyzed separately, because antenatal ...
Tantius Britta B Institute of Legal Medicine, University Hospital of Cologne, Melatenguertel 60/62, 50823 Cologne, - - 2014
When tried in court, mothers accused of neonaticide may claim that the umbilical cord just broke during birth and the newborn child bled to death accordingly. To evaluate the possibility of a breakage of the umbilical cord is the goal of this work. Therefore 25 umbilical cords from neonates of ...
Beker Friederike F Neonatal Intensive and Special Care, The Royal Women's Hospital, Parkville, Victoria, Australia; Newborn Intensive Care Unit, The Mercy Hospital for Women, Heidelberg, Victoria, - - 2013
To assess the effects of different nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) pressures on cardiac performance in preterm infants with minimal lung disease, we conducted a randomized, blinded crossover study. We studied infants between 28 and 34 weeks' corrected gestational age, treated with nCPAP of 5 cm H2O, in air. Infants ...
Lanzieri Tatiana M - - 2013
Abstract Aim: To assess the burden of congenital and perinatal cytomegalovirus (CMV) disease among infants hospitalized in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). Methods: CMV infection was defined as a report of positive CMV viral culture or polymerase chain reaction at any time since birth in an infant hospitalized in a ...
Padonou Géraud G Institut de recherche pour le développement (IRD) UMR216, Mère et enfant face aux infections tropicales, Paris, - - 2013
The aim of this study was to describe the contribution of prematurity and small for gestational age (SGA) to low birth weight (LBW) as well as to identify risk factors associated with preterm birth and SGA and to explore their impact on birth weight. A cross-sectional study was carried out ...
Borgi Aida A 1 PICU-Children's Hospital of Tunis, Tunis, - - 2013
Perforated Meckel's diverticulum (MD) in a preterm baby is very rare. We report a case of a very preterm baby, born at 29-week gestation, with a birth weight of 1400 g, admitted in the third hour of life to our intensive care unit (ICU) for respiratory distress syndrome with abdominal distention. ...
Kumarathasan P P Analytical Biochemistry and Proteomics Laboratory, Mechanistic Studies Division, Health Canada, Ottawa, ON, K1A 0K9Canada. Electronic address: - - 2013
There are reports linking maternal nutritional status, smoking and environmental chemical exposures to adverse pregnancy outcomes. However, biological bases for association between some of these factors and birth outcomes are yet to be established. The objective of this preliminary work is to test the capability of a new high-throughput shotgun ...
Markevych Iana I Helmholtz Zentrum München, German Research Centre for Environmental Health, Institute of Epidemiology I, Ingolstädter Landstr. 1, Neuherberg D-85764, Germany; Institute and Outpatient Clinic for Occupational, Social and Environmental Medicine, Inner City Clinic, University Hospital of Munich (LMU), Munich, - - 2013
We investigated the association between surrounding greenness at the mother's residential address at the time of delivery and birth weight in two German birth cohorts and explored potential underlying hypotheses. Complete data on 3203 newborns, recruited in Munich between 1996 and 1999, were available. Surrounding greenness was defined using the ...
Iwatani Sota S Department of Neonatology, Hyogo Prefectural Kobe Children's Hospital Perinatal Center, Suma-Ku, Kobe-Shi, Hyogo, Japan ; These authors contributed equally to this - - 2014
Congenital candidiasis, which presents with a variety of clinical symptoms, is very rare in both term and preterm infants, and less than 100 neonatal cases have been reported in the medical literature. We describe the case of an extremely premature infant with congenital candidiasis, who was successfully treated and survived ...
Josefson Jami L JL Division of Endocrinology, Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Ill., - - 2013
Background: Increased adiposity at birth may identify infants at high risk of developing obesity. Maternal obesity and hyperglycemia in pregnancy are associated with increased neonatal adiposity; however, features of maternal obesity that contribute to increased neonatal adiposity need further study. Aims: To measure adiposity in neonates of obese and normal-weight ...
Figueras-Aloy Josep J Neonatal Service, Biomedical Research Institute August Pii Sunyer, Hospital Clínic of Barcelona, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2013
To evaluate bone mineral density (BMD) in preterm neonates at discharge and identify the optimum cutoff values for serum alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and phosphorus (P) concentrations to diagnose the severity of metabolic bone disease of prematurity. A total of 336 preterm neonates (≤31 weeks' gestation and birth weight ≤1500 g) ...
Michielsen Laura A LA Vincent van Gogh Institute for Psychiatry, Venlo, the - - 2014
The aim of this retrospective study was to explore the relationship between psychotropic medication dosage and birth outcomes. A total of 136 women were enrolled, who had an active mental disorder, were taking medication to prevent a relapse, or had a history of postpartum depression or psychosis. Medication use was ...
Azzi Salah - - 2013
The ZAC1 gene, mapped to the 6q24 region, is part of a network of co-regulated imprinted genes involved in the control of embryonic growth. Loss of methylation at the ZAC1 differentially methylated region (DMR) is associated with transient neonatal diabetes mellitus, a developmental disorder involving growth retardation and diabetes in ...
Melbourne Andrew - - 2013
The survival rates of infants born prematurely have improved as a result of advances in neonatal care, although there remains an increased risk of subsequent disability. Accurate measurement of the shape and appearance of the very preterm brain at term-equivalent age may guide the development of predictive biomarkers of neurological ...
Vinnars Marie-Therese - - 2013
Objective: To study associations between placental histopathology and neonatal outcome in preeclampsia (PE). Study design: The cohort consisted of 544 singleton pregnancies complicated by PE and managed at Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden during 2000-2009. Evaluation of placental histopathology was made by one senior perinatal pathologist, blinded to outcome. Clinical ...
McNicholas Fiona F Lucena Clinic, Rathgar, Dublin 6, Ireland, - - 2013
Low birth weight (LBW) is a leading cause of infant mortality and morbidity, and a specific risk for the development of neuro-developmental and academic problems. To examine the medical, cognitive and academic outcomes of VLBW (<1,500 g) children, born in one maternity hospital in Dublin between 1995 and 1997. The study ...
van de Lagemaat Monique - - 2013
An iron intake of >2 mg/kg/d is recommended for preterm infants. We hypothesized that human milk (HM)-fed preterm infants require iron supplementation after discharge, whereas iron-fortified formulae (IFF; 0.8-1.0 mg iron/100 ml) may provide sufficient dietary iron until 6 months post-term. At term age, 3 and 6 months post-term, ferritin (μg/l) was measured in 92 ...
Hicks Jamie H - - 2013
Late-onset sepsis continues to be a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in very low-birth-weight infants. Earlier detection of infection with heart rate variability monitoring through the use of the HeRO monitor has been shown to reduce mortality rate by 22%. This article reviews how HeRO is used to assist ...
Grilo Evellyn Câmara EC UFRN, NatalRN, - - 2013
To assess vitamin E levels in the breast milk, analyzing the prematurity and the birth weight influence in α-tocopherol concentration of colostrum milk. Cross-sectional study, in which the colostrum was collected from 93 nursing mothers in a public maternity of Natal, Rio Grande do Norte, Northeast Brazil. The newborns were ...
Angrisani Rosanna M Giaffredo RM Hospital São Paulo, Unifesp, São PauloSP, - - 2013
To investigate the influence of gender and weight/gestational age ratio on the Auditory Brainstem Response (ABR) in preterm (PT) and term (T) newborns. 176 newborns were evaluated by ABR; 88 were preterm infants - 44 females (22 small and 22 appropriate for gestational age) and 44 males (22 small and ...
Parizadeh Seyed Mohammadreza SM Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, - - 2013
The aim of study was to compare the serum level of magnesium in mothers having low birth weight with those having normal birth weight neonates. In a case-control study, women who delivered low birth weight neonate (cases), compared with normal birth weight (controls) in serum concentration of magnesium. Blood samples ...
Lin Mei-Chi MC Department of Anesthesiology, Mackay Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan. Electronic address: - - 2013
Due to smaller incisions, fewer wound injuries, and a shorter time of recovery, laparoscopic procedures are becoming increasingly popular in pediatric surgery, but the safety of their application in low-body-weight or premature infants should be a major concern. Here we present a case report of a 3-month-old premature infant, who ...
Braulio Renato - - 2013
To identify clinical and echocardiographic indicators of the necessity for early surgical closure of patent ductus arteriosus in preterm neonates. The prospective study was conducted at the Neonatal Unit of Hospital Municipal Odilon Behrens between 2006 and 2010. The study population comprised 115 preterm neonates diagnosed with patent ductus arteriosus ...
Kirchengast Sylvia S University of Vienna, Department of Anthropology, Vienna, Austria. - - 2013
According to the male disadvantage hypothesis male foetuses react more sensitive to maternal stress factors during gestation. In the present study the gender typical impact of maternal prepregnancy overweight and obesity as well as gestational weight gain on newborn somatometrics was tested on basis of births records of 7565 births, ...
Antoniou E E EE 1 Department of Clinical Psychological Science, Faculty of Psychology and Neuroscience, Maastricht University, The - - 2013
Intrauterine factors important for cognitive development, such as birth weight, chorionicity and umbilical cord characteristics were investigated. A total of 663 twin pairs completed the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Revised and scores were available for Performance, Verbal and Total Intelligence Quotient (IQ). The intrauterine factors examined were birth weight, placental ...
Nagano N N 1 Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, Nihon University School of Medicine, Tokyo, - - 2013
Low birth weight was associated with cardiometabolic diseases in adult age. Insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) has a crucial role in fetal growth and also associates with cardiometabolic risks in adults. Therefore, we elucidated the association between IGF-1 level and serum lipids in cord blood of preterm infants. The subjects were ...
Song G Y GY 1 Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Shengjing Hospital, China Medical University, Shenyang, Liaoning Province, - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to analyze the expression of the placenta-specific microRNA miR-517a in maternal serum and in placental tissue from low birth weight newborns and try to detect the effects of miR-517a expression on invasion potential of trophoblasts. Placental tissue and maternal serum were collected from both ...
Afjeh Seyyed-Abolfazl SA Pediatric Infections Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran ; Mahdieh Medical Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2013
Timely identification and prompt resuscitation of newborns in the delivery room may cause a decline in neonatal morbidity and mortality. We try to identify risk factors in mother and fetus that result in birth of newborns needing resuscitation at birth. Case notes of all deliveries and neonates born from April ...
Haghighi Ladan L Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2013
Preterm birth (PTB) is responsible for 70% of neonatal mortalities. Various factors influence the risk of neonatal mortality in different populations. Our objective was to evaluate neonatal survival rate of preterm infants, and to define its predictors in Iranian population. This retrospective cohort study included all preterm (26-37 weeks) infants ...
Hawkes Colin Patrick CP Division of Endocrinology and Diabetes, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA 19104, - - 2013
The role of growth hormone (GH) and insulinlike growth factor-I (IGF-I) change through early childhood. Whereas poor growth is a later presenting feature, infants with isolated GH deficiency have a normal birth weight and length, and often present with hypoglycemia. IGF-I plays an important role antenatally and post-natally in somatic ...
Ransom Carla E CE *Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN; †Center for Biostatistics in AIDS Research and ‡Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA; §Department of Pediatrics, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL; ‖Maternal and Pediatric Infectious Disease Branch, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institutes of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD; and ¶Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Duke University Medical School, Durham, - - 2013
To determine whether maternal use of tenofovir disoproxil fumarate for treatment of HIV in pregnancy predicts fetal and infant growth. The study population included HIV-uninfected live-born singleton infants of mothers enrolled in the International Maternal Pediatric Adolescent AIDS Clinical Trials Group protocol P1025 (born 2002-2011) in the United States and ...
Lee Chungho - - 2013
Background: Atrial septal openings (ASOs) are very common in premature infants. Objective: The study aimed to evaluate the prevalence and natural course of ASOs in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants diagnosed in the first week of life and the association of ASOs with various clinical factors. Methods: We retrospectively ...
Oulmaati Abdallah - - 2013
Mild rectal bleeding (MRB) is a particular clinical entity different from necrotizing enterocolitis, which significantly influences neonatal care in preterm infants. We aimed to determine the risk factors and to evaluate prospectively the clinical course of MRB. We consecutively included in a case--control study all infants with birth weight <= ...
Hull Melissa A MA Department of Surgery, Center for Advanced Intestinal Rehabilitation, Boston Children's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, - - 2013
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a leading cause of death in very low birth weight (VLBW) neonates. The overall mortality of NEC is well documented. However, those requiring surgery appear to have increased mortality compared with those managed medically. The objective of this study was to establish national birth-weight-based benchmarks for ...
Fares Samira - - 2013
Preterm neonates are at high risk of vitamin deficiencies, which may expose them to increased morbidity and mortality. This study aimed to determine the prevalence and risk factors for vitamin A, E, and D deficiencies in Tunisian very low birth weight (VLBW) neonates. A total of 607 VLBW and 300 ...
Saigal Saroj - - 2013
The outcomes of very low birth weight survivors born in the early post-neonatal intensive care era have now been reported to young adulthood in several longitudinal cohort studies, and more recently from large Scandinavian national databases. The latter reports corroborate the findings that despite disabilities, a significant majority of very ...
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