Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 2402
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Zayek Michael Maurice - - 2013
In extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants, levels of hypercapnia (Paco2) > 60 mm Hg are considered a risk factor for severe intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH). Since cerebral vasoreactivity depends on arterial pH (apH) rather than Paco2, we hypothesize that the role of mild-to-moderate hypercapnia (45-60 mm Hg) in the occurrence ...
Fink Susanne - - 2013
Abstract Haemophiliacs and extremely premature infants are both at an increased risk for intracranial haemorrhage; both conditions might be further elevating the risk. We report a case of a very immature preterm-infant of 26 gestational weeks (birth weight 635g) with severe haemophilia A. Furthermore, we provide an overview of the ...
Chang Chia-Huang - - 2013
The aim of this study was to explore the association between NP exposure and parity and their effect on neonatal birth weight. A cohort of pregnant women was established in a medical center in North Taiwan. Urinary NP concentration was determined by high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with fluorescent detection and ...
Herfel Tina M - - 2013
Intestinal microbiota of infants differ in response to gestational age, delivery mode and feeding regimen. Dietary supplementation of probiotic bacteria is one method of promoting healthy populations. We examined the impact of a novel probiotic strain of Bifidobacterium longum (AH1206) on the health, growth and development of neonatal pigs as ...
Fischer Céline Julie - - 2013
Whether early parenteral lipids improve postnatal growth of preterm neonates remains unclear. We aimed to assess the effects of parenteral lipids on growth velocity in extremely-low-birth-weight infants. This retrospective cohort study included 121 extremely-low-birth-weight infants. The associations between parenteral lipids (cumulative intakes during the first week and delays in their ...
Ding G - - 2013
To determine whether the recently published A global reference for fetal-weight and birthweight percentiles (Global Reference) improves small- (SGA), appropriate- (AGA), and large-for-gestational-age (LGA) definitions in predicting infant mortality. Population-based cohort study. The US Linked Livebirth and Infant Death records between 1995 and 2004. Singleton births with birthweight >500 g born ...
Flaherman Valerie J - - 2013
To examine the relationship between high (≥5%) weight loss during the first 24 h after birth and eventual excess weight loss (EWL) of ≥10% of birth weight. Retrospective cohort study. Kaiser Permanente Northern California hospitals. 63 096 infants born at ≥36 weeks in 2009-2010, of whom 59 761 (94.5%) had ...
Demont-Heinrich Christine M CM Epidemiology, Planning, and Communication, Tri-County Health Department, Greenwood Village, - - 2014
To determine the risk factors associated with having a very low birth weight (VLBW) infant as a follow-up to the first phase of a Perinatal Periods of Risk approach. Retrospective cohort analysis of birth certificates. Population-based sample of 53,427 birth certificates for the city under study during the years 1999-2006. ...
Stoltz Sjöström Elisabeth - - 2013
To explore associations between energy and macronutrient intakes and early growth in extremely low gestational age (ELGA) infants. Retrospective population-based study of all ELGA infants (< 27 weeks) born in Sweden during 2004-07. Detailed data on nutrition and anthropometric measurements from birth to 70 days of postnatal age were retrieved ...
Pinto Maria Cristina F Guedes - - 2013
To analyze the implementation of a protocol proposed by the Brazilian National Health Surveillance Agency (Agência Nacional de Vigilância Sanitária - ANVISA) to improve sepsis diagnosis in very low birth weight newborns. This was a prospective study that evaluated the implementation of a protocol involving clinical and laboratory criteria (hematologic ...
McCarthy Lisa K - - 2013
To determine the proportion of infants who had the tasks recommended in the neonatal resuscitation guidelines performed within 30 and 60 seconds of birth, and the time taken to perform each task. From video recordings in delivery rooms, we determined the time from birth and arrival on a resuscitation table ...
Deribe Belay B Sirinka Agricultural Research Center, P.O. Box 74, Woldia, - - 2013
The study was conducted at Abergele in the semi arid parts of Sekota district to evaluate growth performance of Abergele goats managed under traditional management systems. Data on growth and growth rates were collected from 724 kids for two years. The least squares mean birth, three months, six months and ...
Schubert Ulf - - 2013
Preterm infants are at increased risk of early arterial growth arrest and cardiovascular mortality. We assessed intima-media thickness (IMT) - an early marker of accelerated vascular ageing - in very preterm infants. Longitudinal cohort study of 21 very preterm and 29 term infants, all with appropriate birth weights. IMT was ...
Tatar Aksoy Hatice - - 2013
We read with great interest the study by Dentali et al[1], published recently in this journal, which demonstrated that ABO blood group occurrence was not significantly different for patients with spontaneous ICH having different clinical outcomes and should not be used as a prognostic risk factor in these patients. Data ...
Lee Hye Ah - - 2013
Background: We used Mendelian randomization analysis to investigate the causal relationship between maternal homocysteine level, as represented by maternal methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) C677T genotype, with the birth weight of offspring.Methods: We recruited women at 24 to 28 weeks' gestation who visited Ewha Womans University Hospital for prenatal care during the ...
Terrazzan Ana C - - 2013
Abstract Background: There are few studies concerning adiponectin and insulin concentration in cord blood of very low birth weight preterm (VLBW) and full-term newborns, small and appropriate for gestational age. Aim: To compare adiponectin and insulin concentrations between preterm and full-term infants, and to determine their relation with birth weight ...
Raghuraman Rajendra P - - 2013
Twin infants tend to have LBW and microvascular alterations but do not appear to have an increase in cardiovascular mortality later in life as singleton infants. We hypothesized that twin infants born to normotensive mothers would not have capillary rarefaction at birth. We studied 26 dizygotic twin infants and compared ...
Park J W JW - - 2013
PurposeTo evaluate the correlation between optic disc parameters and birth weight or gestational age in premature infants.MethodsRetCam fundal images were taken of 97 premature infants who needed screening for retinopathy of prematurity and who had no ischemic brain injury. The images were taken at a postmenstrual age of 36 weeks ...
Savino F - - 2013
To investigate serum leptin levels in breast-fed and formula-fed infants in infancy and their possible relationship to body mass index (BMI) in childhood. We enrolled 237 healthy term infants between September 2000 and April 2004 and tested their serum leptin levels, took anthropometric measurements and calculated BMI. A follow-up study ...
Ramel S E - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:To investigate the association between early hyperglycemia and growth and development from hospital discharge to 2 years corrected age (CA) in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants.STUDY DESIGN:Blood glucose levels during the first 14 days after birth, weight, length and occipital-frontal circumference (OFC) at birth, hospital discharge and 4, 12 ...
Cheikh Ismail L - - 2013
The primary aim of the INTERGROWTH-21(st) Project is to construct new, prescriptive standards describing optimal fetal and preterm postnatal growth. The anthropometric measurements include the head circumference, recumbent length and weight of the infants, and the stature and weight of the parents. In such a large, international, multicentre project, it ...
Lee Bo-Eun - - 2013
Bisphenol A (BPA) is used primarily in the production of polycarbonate plastics and epoxy resins. Widespread exposure to BPA has created a great deal of concern regarding its potential adverse effects on human health. This study examined the relationship between prenatal BPA exposure and birth outcomes, including birth weight, birth ...
Cheikh Ismail L L Nuffield Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Oxford Maternal & Perinatal Health Institute, Green Templeton College, University of Oxford, Oxford, - - 2013
The primary aim of the INTERGROWTH-21(st) Project is to construct new, prescriptive standards describing optimal fetal and preterm postnatal growth. The anthropometric measurements include the head circumference, recumbent length and weight of the infants, and the stature and weight of the parents. In such a large, international, multicentre project, it ...
Currie Janet J Center for Health and Wellbeing, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08540, - - 2013
A large literature describes relationships between month of birth, birth weight, and gestation. These relationships are hypothesized to reflect the causal impact of seasonal environmental factors. However, recent work casts doubt on this interpretation by showing that mothers with lower socioeconomic status are more likely to give birth in months ...
Anzman-Frasca Stephanie - - 2013
A consideration of potential moderators can highlight intervention effects that are attenuated when investigating aggregate results. Differential susceptibility is one type of interaction, where susceptible individuals have poorer outcomes in negative environments and better outcomes in positive environments, compared to less susceptible individuals, who have moderate outcomes regardless of environment. ...
Mukhopadhyay Kanya - - 2013
To determine predictors of mortality and morbidity in extremely low birth weight neonates(ELBW) from a developing country. Prospective observational study. Level III neonatal unit in Northern India. Subjects: Neonates <1000g born and admitted to intensive care during study period were enrolled. They were analyzed based on survival and development of ...
Bhandankar Manisha - - 2013
To study the sequential changes in SpO2 values in newborns delivered in a teaching hospital in India. Full-term infants born by normal vaginal delivery to registered mothers at KLE University Hospital, Belgaum with birth weight more than 2,500 g, no congenital anomalies and who had received only routine care at birth ...
Fallah Razieh - - 2013
Growth velocity is one of the most important problems in low birth weight (LBW) neonates. The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of body massage with and without sunflower oil on the growth of LBW preterm neonates in Iran. A single-blinded randomized clinical trial SUBJECTS: This study ...
Råssjö Eva Britta - - 2013
To describe how Somali immigrant women in a Swedish county use the antenatal care and health services, their reported and observed health problems and the outcome of their pregnancies. Retrospective, case-control study, comparing data obtained from the records of antenatal and obstetric care for Somali born women with the same ...
Golub Mari S - - 2013
Sources of variability in hemoglobin concentration in blood were examined in over 600 rhesus infants at the California National Primate Research Center who had complete blood counts (CBCs) conducted at 3-4 months of age. These infants were born and raised in outdoor social housing. Hemoglobin values ranged from 8.5 to ...
Sarici Dilek - - 2013
Introduction: Adiponectin has important anti-inflammatory and anti-atherogenic effects. Although adiponectin and atherosclerosis correlate inversely in children and adults, we have little information regarding this relationship in neonates. Methods: We measured cord blood adiponectin levels and abdominal aortic intima media thickness (aIMT) in 80 healthy, term neonates and investigated the relationship ...
Turner S P - - 2013
Human safety can be compromised by the response of beef cows to handling or when defending their calf. However, little is known about how pre-calving temperament, post-calving defensiveness and maternal care are related. The impacts of cow temperament on calf neonatal vigor and ADG are also unknown. Data were collected ...
Ohlsson Arne - - 2013
Nosocomial infections continue to be a significant cause of morbidity and mortality among preterm and/or low birth weight (LBW) infants. Preterm infants are deficient in immunoglobulin G (IgG); therefore, administration of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) may have the potential of preventing or altering the course of nosocomial infections. To use systematic ...
Sarker Shafiqul A - - 2013
& Aims Rotavirus infection is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in children younger than 5 years of age. Current treatment options are limited. We assessed the efficacy of a llama-derived, heavy-chain antibody fragment called anti-rotavirus protein (ARP1), in modifying the severity and duration of diarrhea in male infants ...
Abadi Mozhdeh Nasseh Lotf - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate associations of birth weight with sociodemographic variables, domestic violence, ways of coping, social support, and general mental health of Iranian mothers. Six hundred mothers aged 15 to 29 years participated between June 2009 and November 2010. t-Test, analysis of variance, Spearman's correlation, ...
Ahle Margareta - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:To investigate temporal, seasonal, and geographic variations in the incidence of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) and its relation to early infant survival in the Swedish population and in subgroups based on gestational age, birth weight, and gender.METHODS:In the Swedish birth cohort of 1987 through 2009 all children with a diagnosis of ...
Beaulieu Michele J - - 2013
THE INCIDENCE OF NEONATAL seizures varies according to gestational age, weight, and cause. Seizures occur in an estimated 1.0-3.5 per 1,000 term infants1 with an increased incidence of 10-130/1,000 in preterm infants.2 Most neonatal seizures have a specific cause.3 Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy has been identified as the most common etiology associated ...
Carbasse Aurélia - - 2013
Skin-to-skin contact (SSC) is a cornerstone of neurodevelopmentally supportive and family-oriented care for very low-birth-weight preterm infants (VPIs). However, performing SSC with unstable and/or ventilated VPIs remains challenging for caregiving teams and/or controversial in the literature. We first aimed to assess the safety and effectiveness of SSC with vulnerable VPIs ...
Agarwal Pratibha - - 2013
Introduction: This study assesses the trends and predictors of mortality and morbidity in infants of gestational age (GA) <27 weeks from 1990 to 2007. Materials and Methods: This is a retrospective cross-sectional cohort study of infant deliveries between 1990 and 2007 in the largest perinatal centre in Singapore. This is ...
Joseph Nitin - - 2013
Health status of infants is a sensitive indicator of development and factors influencing it need to be better understood. This study was conducted to search for factors associated with morbidity among infants and to find out their influence on weight gain during infancy. This longitudinal study was undertaken in south ...
Rekha C - - 2013
Accurate reporting of prevalence of low birth weight (LBW) is important for monitoring health of a population. LBW is often underestimated in developing countries due to heaping of the data at 2.5 kg. UNICEF uses an average adjustment factor of 25% to re-classify babies listed as exactly 2.5 kg into ...
Sarkar Shatanik S Department of Pediatric Medicine, R. G. Kar Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata, West Bengal, - - 2013
Congenital anomalies are a major cause of stillbirths and neonatal mortality. The pattern and prevalence of congenital anomalies may vary over time or with geographical location. The aim of this study is to determine the proportion and types of congenital anomalies in live newborns and to study maternal and perinatal ...
Mahmoodi Zohreh Z Social Determinant of Health Research Center, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, IR - - 2013
Low birth weight is one of the most important public health issues in developing and developed countries and identifying its etiology is important for prevention. Considering the unknown impact of physical activity on low birth weight, this research was conducted to investigate the relationship between physical activity and low birth ...
van de Lagemaat Monique - - 2013
Background/Aims: Since insulin-like growth factor type I (IGF-I) and insulin regulate growth in term infants, they were studied in relation to nutrient intake and growth until 6 months corrected age (CA) in preterm infants. Methods: In 138 preterm infants (51% male, gestational age (expressed as median (IQR)) 30.6 (1.9) weeks, ...
Blagaić Vladimir - - 2013
Abstract More than 50 percent of preterm neonates below 28 gestational weeks in our institution are delivered by Cesarean Section (CS). The aim of this paper is to present advantages of less used method of delivery of premature and/or very low birth weight (VLBW) neonates by Amnion Protective Cesarean Section ...
Hanley Gillian E - - 2013
We aimed to determine whether ethnicity-specific birth weight distributions more accurately identify newborns at risk for short-term neonatal morbidity associated with small-for-gestational age birth than population-based distributions not stratified on ethnicity. Study Design: We examined 100,463 singleton term infants born to parents in Washington State between January 1(st) 2006 and ...
Libraty Daniel H DH Division of Infectious Disease and Immunology, Department of Medicine, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA, - - 2013
The World Health Organization (WHO) Expert Committee on Physical Status: The Use and Interpretation of Anthropometry established reference anthropometric standards for the growth of healthy infants and children. As part of a prospective clinical study of dengue virus infections in infants, we measured the length and weight of healthy infants ...
Kumar P - - 2013
Objective:To evaluate characteristics of unimpaired outcome in extremely low-birth-weight (ELBW) survivors.Study design:ELBW infants (n=714) with 30 months' assessments were analyzed. Logistic regression was used to develop a model for the binary outcome of unimpaired versus impaired outcome.Result:Thirty-three percent of infants had an unimpaired outcome. Seventeen percent of ELBW survivors had ...
Seigel Jonathan K - - 2013
Abstract Background: Human milk reduces morbidities in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants. However, clinical instability often precludes ELBW infants from receiving early enteral feeds. This study compared clinical outcomes before and after implementing an oropharyngeal colostrum (COL) protocol in a cohort of inborn (born at our facility) ELBW infants. ...
Kramer Michael S - - 2013
To compare maternal lipid and lipoprotein concentrations between small for gestational age (SGA) infants and infants with normal growth born at term. This was a case-control study nested within a large (n = 5337) prospective multicenter cohort of pregnant women followed to delivery. SGA cases (n = 323) were all ...
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