Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1361
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Laura Farmeschi - - 2012
Abstract Therapeutic hypothermia is a recognized treatment for term infants with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) in reducing rate of death or neurodevelopmental disabilities. Little is known about applications of this treatment to preterm newborns. Studies in animal experimental models demonstrated the efficacy of hypothermia in preterm fetuses but clinical application to ...
Jarcho Michael R MR Psychology Department, University of California, Davis, 95616, USA. - - 2012
To better understand the roles that hormones and experience play in infant survival and maternal behavior in a biparental primate species, we analyzed urinary estrone (E(1)C) and pregnanediol glucuronide (PdG) from 24 socially housed titi monkey (Callicebus cupreus) females over 54 pregnancies (N = 1,430 samples). Pregnancies were categorized according ...
Tornese Gianluca - - 2012
Abstract Aim: The aims of this study were to analyze the relationship between the LATCH score assessed in the first 24 hours after delivery and non-exclusive breastfeeding at discharge and to identify a cutoff for the LATCH score in order to identify women with higher risk of non-exclusive breastfeeding who ...
Lazariu Victoria - - 2012
Recently, the National Association for Public Health Statistics and Information Systems considered changing the definition of gestational age from the current definition based on mother's last normal menstrual period (LMP) to the clinical/obstetric estimate determined by the physician (CE).They determined additional information was needed. This study provides additional insight into ...
Begum Esmot Ara - - 2012
Infants born with intrauterine growth restriction are at increased risk for adverse cardiovascular outcomes in neonatal and later life. Although circadian rhythm is a prognostic marker of cardiovascular health, the concern over the circadian rhythm of these infants is rarely observed. To determine the influence of intrauterine growth retardation on ...
Arcangeli T - - 2012
Background: Being small for gestational age (SGA) or having fetal growth restriction (FGR) may be associated with poorer neurodevelopmental outcomes compared to being appropriate for gestational age (AGA). The aim of this paper was to evaluate the existence and magnitude of decrease in neurodevelopmental scores in SGA and FGR infants ...
Persson M - - 2012
Please cite this paper as: Persson M, Pasupathy D, Hanson U, Norman M. Disproportionate body composition and perinatal outcome in large-for-gestational-age infants to mothers with type 1 diabetes. BJOG 2012; DOI: 10.1111/j.1471-0528.2011.03277.x Objective  To determine if disproportionate body composition is a risk factor for perinatal complications in large-for-gestational-age infants born ...
Raz Sarah - - 2012
In this study we examined the association between intrauterine growth, indexed either as a categorical variable or continuous dimension, and neuropsychological outcome, in a very low birth weight (VLBW) sample of 143 preschoolers. When the commonly used split at the 10th percentile rank was applied to classify intrauterine growth restriction ...
Katz Vern L - - 2012
Since Roman times, physicians have been instructed to perform postmortem cesarean deliveries to aid in funeral rites, baptism, and in the very slim chance that a live fetus might still be within the deceased mother's womb. This procedure was disliked by physicians being called to a dying mother's bedside. As ...
Melnikov Vladimir N - - 2012
Mechanisms underlying effects of physical factors on twin births are unclear. The present work studied an association between monthly and yearly multiple birth rates (MBRs) in the Novosibirsk region, south-west Siberia, in relation to solar activity (sunspot numbers) and geomagnetic activity (Ap index) from 1957 to 2008. The difference was ...
McCue P M PM Department of Clinical Sciences, Equine Reproduction Laboratory, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, USA. - - 2012
An understanding of the normal events of foaling, causes of dystocia and clinical outcomes is important for equine practitioners. The goals of the present study were to: 1) evaluate factors that influence gestation length; 2) report duration of Stage II labour; 3) determine the frequency of dystocia and premature placental ...
Catalano R - - 2012
The argument that women in stressful environments spontaneously abort their least fit fetuses enjoys wide dissemination despite the fact that several of its most intuitive predictions remain untested. The literature includes no tests, for example, of the hypothesis that these mechanisms select against small for gestational age (SGA) males. We ...
McCue P M - - 2012
Reason for performing study: An understanding of the normal events of foaling, causes of dystocia and clinical outcomes is important for equine practitioners. Objectives: The goals of the present study were to: 1) evaluate factors that influence gestation length; 2) report duration of Stage II labour; 3) determine the frequency ...
Kaewsuksai Peeranan - - 2012
The aim of the present study was to examine the maternal and neonatal birth risk indicator and their relationship with the outcome of pregnancy. This retrospective descriptive study was conducted in a selective month of 2008, 2009, and 2010. The birth risk indicators of maternal and neonatal health were collected ...
Seward Nadine N UCL, Centre for International Health and Development, Institute of Child Health, United Kingdom. - - 2012
Sepsis accounts for up to 15% of an estimated 3.3 million annual neonatal deaths globally. We used data collected from the control arms of three previously conducted cluster-randomised controlled trials in rural Bangladesh, India, and Nepal to examine the association between clean delivery kit use or clean delivery practices and ...
McCue P M - - 2012
An understanding of the normal events of foaling, causes of dystocia and clinical outcomes is important for equine practitioners. The goals of the present study were to: 1) evaluate factors that influence gestation length; 2) report duration of Stage II labour; 3) determine the frequency of dystocia and premature placental ...
de Luca Arnaud - - 2012
Introduction:Protein intake in fetal life or infancy may play a key role in determining early growth rate, a determinant of later health and disease. Previous work has indicated that hair isotopic composition is influenced by diet and protein intake.Methods:This study analyzes the isotopic composition of hair obtained from 239 mother/newborn ...
Haeri Sina - - 2012
Hemorrhage remains as one of the top 3 obstetrics related causes of maternal mortality, with most deaths occurring within 24-48 hours of delivery. Although hemorrhage related maternal mortality has declined globally, it continues to be a vexing problem. More specifically, the developing world continue to shoulder a disproportionate share of ...
Guillén Ursula - - 2012
To assess the effect of loss to follow-up rates at 18 to 24 months on neurodevelopmental outcome statistics for infants of less than 1000 g birth weight or less than 28 weeks' gestational age. MEDLINE, EMBASE, PubMed, and Cochrane Library databases (January 1, 2000, to June 30, 2010). We searched ...
Killeen Lauren A - - 2012
This study examined the links between mothers' frontal EEG asymmetry at rest and during videos of their 5- to 8-month-old infants expressing three emotion states (joy, anger/distress, and neutral interest), mother-infant emotional availability (EA) in the home, mothers' depressive and anxious symptoms, and mothers' emotional experience in response to infant ...
Bingham Raymond J - - 2012
Developmental care for premature infants was introduced by Dr. Heidi Als more than 20 years ago, and has become an accepted standard of care. Research into developmental care has shown some benefits in neonatal outcomes, but there is no standard definition of developmental care, and its practice can vary widely ...
Ray Joel G - - 2012
Background: Newborns of certain immigrant mothers are smaller at birth than those of domestically born mothers. Contemporary, population-derived percentile curves for these newborns are lacking, as are estimates of their risk of being misclassified as too small or too large using conventional rather than tailored birth weight curves. Methods: We ...
Shaw Lauren - - 2012
We report the case of a 2-week-old girl born at term (by vaginal delivery and without antenatal or perinatal events) who was referred as having "bilateral talipes and bilateral proximal symphalangism of little and ring fingers." The "talipes" was atypical with marked equinus and varus, but no cavus or adductus ...
Kharrazi Martin - - 2012
Very preterm birth (VPTB) is a leading cause of infant mortality, morbidity and racial disparity in the US. The underlying causes of VPTB are multiple and poorly understood. The California Very Preterm Birth Study was conducted to discover maternal and infant genetic and environmental factors associated with VPTB. This paper ...
Stein Alan - - 2012
Postnatal depression and anxiety have been shown to increase the risk of disturbances in mother-child interaction and child development. Research into mechanisms has focused on genetics and maternal behavior; maternal cognitions have received little attention. Our aim was to experimentally determine if worry and rumination in mothers with generalized anxiety ...
Nagasawa Miho - - 2012
Mother-infant bonding is universal to all mammalian species. In this review, we describe the manner in which reciprocal communication between the mother and infant leads to mother-infant bonding in rodents. In rats and mice, mother-infant bond formation is reinforced by various social stimuli, such as tactile stimuli and ultrasonic vocalizations ...
Gardiner David M - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Terminal transverse limb defects with nubbins occur in one arm at one of several levels (distal humerus, proximal forearm, wrist, and at the metacarpal-phalangeal joint in the hand). The associated nubbins contain osteocartilaginous tissue and small nails and are not associated with evidence of amnion disruption. METHODS: We present ...
Auger Nathalie - - 2012
PURPOSE: Time trends in educational inequalities in small-for-gestational-age (SGA) birth are important to evaluate for policy, especially at preterm gestational ages when morbidity and mortality are typically greater. We evaluated educational inequalities in preterm and term SGA birth over time, accounting for potential bias at preterm gestational ages. METHODS: Data ...
Lao T T - - 2012
Information on the impact of maternal hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection on pregnancy outcome is conflicting. Some studies reported an association with increased infant birthweight, which could be interpreted as advantageous to pregnancy. A retrospective study was performed to compare birthweight outcome between 6261 and 55,817 singleton pregnancies in mothers ...
Bolten Margarete I - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether prenatal stress is associated with behavioral and emotional regulation problems (crying/fussing) in infants, after controlling for confounding factors. Furthermore, the study investigated the stress-buffering effect of maternal self-efficacy. STUDY DESIGN: Data were collected in 120 pregnant women (29±3.2 weeks gestation) and their infants at 6 weeks ...
Gloria-Bottini Fulvia - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To study the effect Adenosine Deaminase locus 1 (ADA(1) ) mother-fetus and wife-husband phenotypic differences on the ratio Birth Weight/Placental Weight (BW/PW) in fertile women and on reproductive success in couples with repeated spontaneous abortion (RSA). METHODS: 209 couples with primary RSA and a consecutive series of 379 healthy ...
Sachiyo Kubo - - 2012
BACKGROUND:: In Japan, the rate of passive smoking among pregnant women is 52.7%, and smokers are usually their husbands (80.8%). Fetal environmental tobacco smoke has been measured using cotinine levels in maternal and neonatal hair, urine, or umbilical cord blood. However, using saliva from neonates immediately after birth has not ...
Radicioni Maurizio - - 2012
This prospective observational study conducted in a neonatal intensive care unit aimed to evaluate echocardiographic changes provoked by anemia and transfusion of packed red blood cells (pRBCs) in premature infants. In this study, 32 anemic premature infants had serial echocardiographic assessment of left ventricular (LV) systolic performance, LV preload, and ...
Li Tengfei - - 2012
How a nonhuman primate mother responds to her dead infant is an indication of maternal behavior and perspectives on death. Here we describe three cases of a mother's response toward her dead infant in Yunnan snub-nosed monkeys (Rhinopithecus bieti) at Baimaxueshan Nature Reserve in Yunnan, China. The mother, whose infant ...
Hahn Gitte Holst - - 2012
Introduction:Both systemic inflammation and impaired cerebral autoregulation (CA) have been associated with brain injury in preterm infants. We hypothesized that impaired CA represents a hemodynamic link between inflammation and brain injury.Results:Neither fetal vasculitis nor interleukin-6 (IL-6) affected CA significantly. A high level of IL-6 was associated with hypotension (P = ...
Fernando Dhanushi - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To compare obstetric and perinatal outcomes of singleton births after assisted reproductive technology (ART) with blastocyst transfer (days 5 to 6) versus nonblastocyst transfer (days 2 to 4). DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Monash IVF. PATIENT(S): 4,202 women who conceived using in vitro fertilization (IVF) and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) ...
Tang Akaysha C - - 2012
Familiarity to the mother and the novelty afforded by the postnatal environment are two contrasting sources of neonatal influence. One hypothesis regarding their relationship is the maternal modulation hypothesis, which predicts that the same neonatal stimulation may have different effects depending on the maternal context. Here we tested this hypothesis ...
Mercuro Giuseppe - - 2012
Although the survival rate for preterm subjects has improved considerably, due to the progress in the field of perinatal medicine, preterm birth is frequently the cause underlying a series of notorious complications: morphological, neurological, ophthalmological, and renal alterations. In addition, it has recently been demonstrated how low gestational age and ...
Hutcheon Jennifer A JA Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada. - - 2012
Conventional measures of gestational weight gain (GWG), such as average rate of weight gain, are likely to be correlated with gestational duration. Such a correlation could introduce bias to epidemiological studies of GWG and adverse perinatal outcomes because many perinatal outcomes are also correlated with gestational duration. This study aimed ...
Garite Thomas J - - 2012
Although improvements in neonatal care have continued to result in reduced mortality and morbidity of prematurely delivering newborns for decades, the results of a myriad of obstetric efforts and interventions have failed to reduce the overall rate of prematurity or prolong pregnancy at any gestational age. A few new developments ...
Lawson Gerald W - - 2012
In 2000, the Term Breech Trial was published, and its authors recommended cesarean section as the safest mode of delivery for breech-presenting babies. Criticisms of the trial were raised at the time, which the authors dismissed. Since then, maternal deaths have been recorded among women undergoing cesarean sections for breech ...
Gilbert Nicolas L - - 2012
The rate of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) declined significantly in Canada and the US between the late 1980s and the early 2000s. In the US, this decline was shown to be due in part to a shift in diagnosis, as deaths from accidental suffocation and strangulation in bed and ...
Husain Nusrat N Psychiatry Research Group, School of Community Based Medicine, University of Manchester, Manchester, - - 2012
Perinatal depression has been found to be a strong and independent risk factor for poor child growth and development in low-income South Asian populations. The authors aimed to study if there was a similar association in first and second-generation British women of Pakistani origin. A prospective cohort study. The study ...
Bouet Kary M - - 2012
Having a baby in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) is a major source of stress for parents. The barriers to parenting and reactions to the environment may negatively influence the parent-infant relationship. To identify NICU-related parental stress and associated factors. Parents (N = 156) of newborns admitted to NICU ...
Prado Elizabeth L - - 2012
Maternal caregiving capacity, which is affected in part by cognition and mood, is crucial for the health of mothers and infants. Few interventions aim to improve maternal and infant health through improving such capacity. Multiple micronutrient (MMN) supplementation may improve maternal cognition and mood, since micronutrients are essential for brain ...
Drake Alison L - - 2012
Maternal administration of the acyclovir prodrug valacyclovir is compatible with pregnancy and breastfeeding. However, the safety profile of prolonged infant and maternal exposure to acyclovir in the context of antiretrovirals (ARVs) for prevention of mother-to-child HIV-1 transmission (PMTCT) has not been described. Pregnant Kenyan women co-infected with HIV-1/HSV-2 with CD4 ...
Kucik James E - - 2012
Birth defects are the leading cause of infant mortality and are responsible for substantial child and adult morbidity. Documenting the variation in prevalence of birth defects among racial/ethnic subpopulations is critical for assessing possible variations in diagnosis, case ascertainment, or risk factors among such groups. We used data from the ...
Wood Angela M AM Department of Public Health and Primary Care, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB1 8RN, - - 2012
To compare changes in inequalities in sudden infant death syndrome with other causes of infant mortality and stillbirth in Scotland, 1985-2008. Retrospective cohort study. Scotland 1985-2008, analysed by four epochs of six years. Singleton births of infants with birth weight >500 g born at 28-43 weeks' gestation. Sudden infant death ...
Motta M - - 2012
In this review preliminary data on the follow-up of 141 babies born to mothers with antiphospholipid syndrome are reported. In spite of maternal treatment, the rate of both preterm delivery and low birth weight were 16 and 17%, respectively. At birth, no clinical evidence of perinatal thrombosis was observed. Placental ...
Chen C-P - - 2012
We report a 2 1/2-year-old male infant with a karyotype of 46,XY,del(9)(p22) and the phenotypic features of craniofacial dysmorphisms, hypotonia, psychomotor developmental delay, mental retardation, ventricular septal defect, atrial septal defect, cryptorchidism and postaxial polydactyly of the fingers. A rudimentary poorly developed extra digit in the ulnar side of the ...
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