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Results 351 - 400 of 1358
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Joosen Katharina J - - 2012
In a longitudinal study with 73 mothers and their second-born child, stability and main-level differences between measures of maternal sensitivity across settings and over time were examined. Furthermore, the predictability of harsh discipline by these different maternal sensitivity measures was studied. Maternal sensitivity was assessed at three and six months ...
Usui Noriaki - - 2012
Few large multicenter surveys have been performed on sacrococcygeal teratomas (SCTs) describing both the prenatal and postnatal courses. The aim of this study was to review and report on the prenatal surveillance and postnatal outcome of a large cohort of fetuses with SCTs in Japan. A nationwide retrospective cohort study ...
Meinus C - - 2012
To examine the relationship between primary vaccination of preterm infants and prevalence ratios of associated factors for unwanted cardiorespiratory events, following the recommendation of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices for immunization of preterm infants at 2 months of chronological age. Two-year retrospective study ...
Alpay Atilla - - 2012
The objective of this study was to determine the incidence, risk factors and severity of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) and to establish screening criteria for our region. Data on 330 infants with gestational age at birth < or = 34 weeks were analyzed retrospectively for a ROP diagnosis and risk ...
Tudela Carmen M - - 2012
: To estimate if neonates with early-onset group B streptococcus (GBS) sepsis have clinical evidence of fetal infection during labor or at delivery. : Retrospective cohort study of all neonates diagnosed with GBS sepsis by culture and clinical findings within the first 72 hours of life from January 1, 2000, ...
Wu Yuquan - - 2012
BackgroundPreeclampsia is a serious pregnancy complication. Gestational hypertension is a common first clinical presentation of preeclampsia. Little is known about which clinical risk factors are associated with the progression from gestational hypertension to preeclampsia.MethodsIn a retrospective cohort study of 249 singleton pregnant women with an initial presentation of gestational hypertension ...
Ban Bharat - - 2012
Nepal has made considerable progress in improving the health of its population over the last two decades and is one of the few countries on track to meet Millennium Development Goals 4 and 5, which seek to reduce child mortality and improve maternal health. The total fertility rate has decreased ...
Lautridou A - - 2012
Fetal inflammatory response syndrome is implicated as a cause of fetal or neonatal injury. We analyzed the relationship between the procalcitonin umbilical cord blood level and neonatal outcome. A total of 237 preterms born in a level III perinatal medicine unit of a French university hospital were enrolled in a ...
Ith Ponndara - - 2012
Background  The World Health Organization's recommended package of interventions for the integrated management of pregnancy and childbirth provides guidance for the use of evidence-based interventions to ensure the best outcomes for mother and newborn. However, the extent to which skilled birth attendants (SBAs) follow evidence-based guidelines is not known. There ...
Tarrant R C - - 2012
This study aimed to report on adverse infant and maternal clinical outcomes, and investigate the relationship between infant feeding practice and such adverse clinical outcomes in infants during the first 6 weeks postpartum. From an eligible sample of 450 mother-term infant pairs recruited from the Coombe Women and Infants University ...
Marland Hilary - - 2012
Death and fear of death in cases of puerperal insanity can be linked to a much broader set of anxieties surrounding childbirth in Victorian Britain. Compared with other forms of mental affliction, puerperal insanity was known for its good prognosis, with many women recovering over the course of several months. ...
Pauwels G G Neonatale intensieve zorgen, Universitair Ziekenhuis Leuven, Leuven, Belgium. - - 2012
Screening for congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) by measurement of 17-hydroxyprogesterone (17-OHP) in dried blood spots results in a high false positive rate among preterm newborns admitted in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). We searched for risk factors of this population for raised 17-OHP levels. We retrospectively collected clinical characteristics ...
Jacobsen Kathryn H - - 2012
As of April 2010, all maternity care at government healthcare facilities in Sierra Leone is provided at no cost to patients. In late 2010, we conducted a community health census of 18 sections of the city of Bo (selected via randomized cluster sampling from 68 total sections). Among the 3421 ...
Doi Hirokazu - - 2012
Crying by an infant signals an urgent desire for care and protection. Because of the special relationship between a mother and her infant and the signal value of her crying, it is plausible to suggest that the maternal brain efficiently processes crying by infants. In the present study, we examined ...
Kazemier Brenda M - - 2012
Objective: To assess the association between first trimester crown-to-rump length (CRL) and the risk of spontaneous preterm birth before 32 weeks of gestation. Methods: We performed a matched case-control study among 129 women with spontaneous preterm birth <32 weeks (cases) and 129 women with term deliveries (controls). We used data ...
Sugita Noriko - - 2012
Many studies have reported an association between periodontal disease and preterm birth, although this remains controversial. Cytokines and antibodies produced to give resistance to infection can enter the bloodstream and cause preterm labor. We analyzed maternal genetic polymorphisms in various immunoregulatory genes that could affect both preterm birth and periodontitis. ...
McElroy Jane A - - 2012
We describe adverse pregnancy outcomes, including congenital anomalies, fetal, neonatal, and infant mortality among a Missouri population of low-income, rural mothers who participated in two randomized smoking cessation trials. In the Baby BEEP (BB) trial, 695 rural women were recruited from 21 WIC clinics with 650 women's pregnancy outcomes known ...
Duong Hao T - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Although associations between maternal parity and birth defects have been observed previously, few studies have focused on the possibility that parity is an independent risk factor for birth defects. We investigated the relation between levels of parity and a range of birth defects, adjusting each defect group for the ...
Abitbol Carolyn L - - 2012
Infants born prematurely at <37 weeks' gestation account for over 80% of infants weighing <2,500 g at birth-low birth weight (LBW) infants. This designation remains the surrogate marker for developmental origins of adult disease. Landmark studies spanning four decades have shown that individuals born with a LBW are more likely ...
Tamis-Lemonda Catherine S - - 2012
We examined gestural and verbal interactions in 226 mother-infant pairs from Mexican, Dominican, and African American backgrounds when infants were 14 months and 2 years of age, and related these interactions to infants' emerging skills. At both ages, dyads were video-recorded as they shared a wordless number book, a wordless ...
Haas David M DM The Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN, - - 2012
To determine the impact of maternal and fetal single nucleotide polymorphisms in key betamethasone pathways on neonatal outcomes. DNA was obtained from women given betamethasone and their infants. Samples were genotyped for 73 exploratory drug metabolism and glucocorticoid pathway single nucleotide polymorphisms. Clinical variables and neonatal outcomes were obtained. Logistic ...
Tønnessen R - - 2012
Canine perinatal mortality is known to be relatively high. However, the literature on perinatal mortality in dogs is still sparse and often refers to a single or only a few breeds. The aim of this large-scale observational study was to describe the perinatal mortality in purebred dogs of various breeds ...
D'Anna-Hernandez Kimberly L KL Department of Psychiatry, Colorado School of Public Health, University of Colorado Denver, Aurora, CO 80045, USA. - - 2012
This study investigated the effects of acculturation on cortisol, a biological correlate of maternal psychological distress, and perinatal infant outcomes, specifically gestational age at birth and birth weight. Fifty-five pregnant women of Mexican descent were recruited from a community hospital, and their saliva samples were collected at home for 3 ...
Hungi Bhavana - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To report the incidence, spectrum and treatment outcome of Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP) in a rural neonatal nursery. METHODS: This Prospective, observational, non-randomized study was conducted in a level III Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) at district headquarters in South India. 118 babies with birth weight ≤2000 g and/or period ...
Cooklin Amanda R - - 2012
Objective: To investigate the association between the mother-infant relationship, defined as maternal-infant emotional attachment, maternal separation anxiety and breastfeeding, and maternal employment status at 10 months following first childbirth. Method: Samples of employed, pregnant women, over 18 years of age and with sufficient English literacy were recruited systematically from one ...
Hasegawa Junichi - - 2012
Abstract Objective: To clarify whether mothers with gestational weight loss (GWL) were likely to have adverse effects on the placenta. Study design: Subjects who delivered viable singleton infants after 24 weeks of gestation were enrolled. A retrospective analysis to evaluate cases of GWL in association with the findings of the ...
Perrone S - - 2012
Abstract Objective: Placental pathology assists in characterizing the antenatal environment and may provide information about the baby's subsequent development. We aim to assess whether histological patterns of placenta are associated with an increased risk of perinatal diseases and to evaluate how different patterns of placental dysfunction can affect the neurodevelopmental ...
Bertino Enrico - - 2012
Abstract The ability to recognize abnormal growth at birth and/or an intrauterine malnutrition is of great importance for neonatal care and prognosis. The current gold standard in neonatal auxological evaluation is based on information obtained from both neonatal anthropometric charts and intrauterine growth charts. Numerous charts have been proposed, but ...
Piteo Alicia M - - 2012
AIM: Our aim was to examine the associations between maternal depression in the first 6months postpartum, home environment and cognitive, language and motor development in infants at 18months of age. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: This article reports results from the control group (n=312 full term; n=48 preterm) of the prospective ...
Schaafstra Liselotte - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: High ketanserin levels are found in the umbilical cord after maternal treatment. However, the effect on the circulation of the neonate has never been investigated. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective, observational study was performed at the neonate ward at the Medical Centre Leeuwarden, The Netherlands. All neonates exposed in utero ...
Bastek Jamie A - - 2012
Abstract Objective: Our primary objective was to determine whether there was an association between levels of antenatal maternal serum soluble RAGE (sRAGE), drawn at the time of presentation with preterm labor (PTL), and subsequent preterm birth (PTB). Secondary objectives were to determine whether levels of sRAGE- analyzed from both antenatal ...
Ecevit Ayse - - 2012
Abstract In this study, the perinatal mortality is presented in 2009 compared to 1998. Changing patterns of the perinatal mortality rate, the stillbirth rate, early neonatal mortality rate and the causes of the perinatal mortality in Zekai Tahir Burak Women's Health Education and Research Hospital (ZTBH) were described. This is ...
Prost Audrey - - 2012
Maternal common mental disorders are prevalent in low-resource settings and have far-reaching consequences for maternal and child health. We assessed the prevalence and predictors of psychological distress as a proxy for common mental disorders among mothers in rural Jharkhand and Orissa, eastern India, where over 40% of the population live ...
Myatt Leslie - - 2012
Background: Preterm birth is a major societal and economic problem accounting for 80 to 90% of neonatal morbidity and mortality worldwide. It is recognized as a complex multifactorial condition comprising several distinct clinical phenotypes with different underlying etiologies. As animal models are expensive and fail to mimic the biology of ...
Andraweera Prabha H - - 2012
Introduction: Pregnancies complicated by preeclampsia and small-for-gestational-age (SGA) infants share placental vascular abnormalities and both disorders confer increased risk of later life coronary artery disease. Kinase insert domain receptor (KDR) is the main receptor for vascular endothelial growth factor A, a potent angiogenic factor which regulates the development of the ...
Britton J R - - 2012
Objective:The definition of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) among very-low birth weight (VLBW) infants is based upon oxygen requirement at 36 weeks gestation, but oxygen may be required at altitude because of hypoxia. This study determined the effect of altitude on BPD rates.Study Design:For 63 VLBW infants at high altitude, oxygen concentrations ...
Sutherland Amy E - - 2012
Intrauterine fetal growth restriction (IUGR) is associated with high rates of neonatal morbidity. IUGR babies are often born preterm and are therefore exposed to antenatal glucocorticoids. Antenatal glucocorticoids significantly improve overall survival rates of preterm infants, but there is a paucity of information about their effects on IUGR infants. We ...
Staneva Aleksandra - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: to provide a methodologically robust and in-depth exploration of maternal expectations and beliefs in a non-clinical sample of Bulgarian mothers who described their ideas about motherhood postnatally. DESIGN: qualitative study using face to face interviews for data collection. SETTING: the cities of Sofia and Varna, Bulgaria. PARTICIPANTS: 10 women, ...
Perrella Sharon L - - 2012
Abstract Objective: This study investigated breastfeeding outcomes and factors associated with duration of breastfeeding in cohorts of healthy term and sick/preterm infants. Study Design: Follow-up was conducted of 87 sick/preterm and 92 term healthy infants during the 9 months following discharge from two Western Australian hospitals. Results: When corrected for ...
Luopajärvi Kristiina - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Reduced risk for type 1 diabetes (T1D) has been reported in the offspring of mothers with T1D when compared with children of affected fathers. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the hypothesis that exposure of the offspring to maternal insulin therapy induces regulatory mechanisms in utero, we compared the FOXP3 expressing regulatory ...
Key Alexandra P F - - 2012
The study examined the effect of gestational (GA) and postnatal (PNA) age on speech sound perception in infants. Auditory event-related potentials (ERPs) were recorded in response to speech sounds (syllables) in 50 infant NICU patients (born at 24-40 weeks gestation) prior to discharge. Efficiency of speech perception was quantified as ...
de Zegher Francis - - 2012
Soluble preadipocyte factor 1 (Pref-1) inhibits adipocyte differentiation. We tested whether circulating levels of soluble Pref-1 are higher in smaller fetuses. We performed longitudinal assessments of circulating Pref-1 in infants born appropriate for gestational age (AGA) or small for gestational age (SGA) and also in late-gestational women and in newborns ...
Helderman Jennifer B - - 2012
Extremely low gestational age neonates are more likely than term infants to develop cognitive impairment. Few studies have addressed antenatal risk factors of this condition. We identified antenatal antecedents of cognitive impairment determined by the Mental Development Index (MDI) portion of the Bayley Scales of Infant Development, Second Edition (BSID-II), ...
Andrews Bree - - 2012
It has long been known that survival of preterm infants strongly depends upon birth weight and gestational age. This study addresses a different question - whether the gestational maturity improves neurodevelopmental outcomes for ventilated infants born at 23-28 weeks who survive to neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) discharge. We performed ...
Deierlein A L AL School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina Gillings, Chapel Hill, NC, USA. - - 2012
To determine how gestational weight gain (GWG), categorized using the 2009 Institute of Medicine recommendations, relates to changes in offspring weight-for-age (WAZ), length-for-age (LAZ) and weight-for-length z-scores (WLZ) between early infancy and 3 years. Women with singleton infants were recruited from the third cohort of the Pregnancy, Infection, and Nutrition ...
De Jesus Lilia C LC Department of Pediatrics, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI, - - 2012
The study goal was to evaluate maternal and neonatal risk factors associated with post-neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) discharge mortality among extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants. This is a retrospective analysis of ELBW (<1000 g) and <27 weeks' gestational age infants born in the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute ...
Mills-Koonce W Roger - - 2012
Using data from the Durham Child Health and Development Study (n=148), the current study examines the associations between child and parenting variables at 6 months and child attachment quality at 12 months of age and maternal report of child self regulation at 24 months of age. Child and parent variables ...
Laura Farmeschi - - 2012
Abstract Therapeutic hypothermia is a recognized treatment for term infants with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) in reducing rate of death or neurodevelopmental disabilities. Little is known about applications of this treatment to preterm newborns. Studies in animal experimental models demonstrated the efficacy of hypothermia in preterm fetuses but clinical application to ...
Gee Rebekah E - - 2012
Louisiana ranks forty-ninth nationally in birth outcomes indicators such as infant mortality and in the percentage of low birth weight and very low birth weight babies. This article describes the formation of the Birth Outcomes Initiative, a statewide targeted investment to reduce poor birth outcomes. It describes how the initiative ...
Jarcho Michael R - - 2012
To better understand the roles that hormones and experience play in infant survival and maternal behavior in a biparental primate species, we analyzed urinary estrone (E(1) C) and pregnanediol glucuronide (PdG) from 24 socially housed titi monkey (Callicebus cupreus) females over 54 pregnancies (N = 1,430 samples). Pregnancies were categorized according ...
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