Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1356
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >
Lamb Diane J - - 2012
Birth weight in triplets is, on average, lower than in singletons and twins, and more children are classified as having very low or extremely low birth weight. Still, there is limited research on factors that affect triplet birth weight, and samples under study are often small. Chorionicity and zygosity influence ...
Moghaddam Tabrizi Fatemeh - - 2012
The objective of this study was to examine the influence of anthropometric measurements of pregnant women, gestational weight gain, fundal height, and maternal factors, namely age, education, family income, parity along with maternal hemoglobin, on birth weight of neonates. A cross sectional study was performed in Khoy City in north ...
Guinsburg R - - 2012
Objective:To verify, in extremely preterm infants, if disagreement between obstetricians and neonatologists regarding proactive management is associated with early death.Study Design:Prospective cohort of 484 infants with 23(0/7) to 26(6/7) weeks, without malformations, born from January 2006 to December 2009 in eight Brazilian hospitals. Pro-active management was defined as indication of ...
Okubo Hitomi - - 2012
Dietary habits established in early childhood contribute to lifelong dietary pattern and the development of early risk factors for disease in adulthood. Although a large body of epidemiologic data from Western countries show that the dietary pattern of children is influenced by maternal socio-economic and lifestyle characteristics, information on this ...
Frojo Gianfranco A - - 2012
A case-control study was conducted to determine the association between maternal height and infant length-for-age, and to evaluate how this association is modified by either maternal or infant nutritional status. We hypothesised that maternal excess caloric intake [measured as body mass index (BMI)] would increase the association, while infant nutrition ...
Brandão Sónia - - 2012
brandão s. & figueiredo b. (2012) Fathers' emotional involvement with the neonate: impact of the umbilical cord cutting experience. Journal of Advanced Nursing00(0), 000-000. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2648.2012.05978.x ABSTRACT: Aims.  This paper is a report on a study analysing the effect of the umbilical cord cutting experience on fathers' emotional involvement with their ...
Rigby Michael L - - 2012
Successful treatment of severe aortic (AS) or pulmonary valve (PS) stenosis by balloon valvuloplasty in term neonates is well-established. Sometimes, AS or PS diagnosed antenatally, progresses to severe left or right ventricular hypoplasia respectively. Successful fetal balloon valvuloplasty cannot be assumed to significantly change the natural history. In this review ...
Greenwood Sarah - - 2012
Aim:  The aim of this article was to evaluate the Revised Clinical Risk Index for Babies' (CRIB-II) severity of illness score as a predictor of moderate to severe functional disability (FD) in very premature infants. Methods:  Population study of infants born <29 weeks' gestation cared for in all Neonatal Intensive Care ...
Holmes Lewis B - - 2012
BACKGROUND The International Classification of Disease (ICD-9) codes are used to identify, after discharge, diagnoses from a review of the medical record and provide the basis for reimbursement. These codes have been used to establish the prevalence of malformations and to assess potential teratogens. We have analyzed the accuracy of ...
Usuda Touhei - - 2012
Background:  This study evaluated the role of interleukin (IL)-6-634 polymorphism in neonatal disorders such as bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) and periventricular leukomalacia (PVL) in very low birth weight infants. Methods:  This prospective cohort study included 202 infants (gestational age at birth was 23-34 weeks and birth weight ranged from 500 to ...
Harteman Johanna C - - 2012
ObjectiveThe incidence of perinatal arterial ischaemic stroke (PAIS) is about 1 in 2300 live births. Evidence about the aetiology is still lacking. The aim of this study was to identify maternal, perinatal and neonatal risk factors for symptomatic PAIS in full-term infants.MethodsEach full-term infant with PAIS was matched to three ...
Hui Lai Ling - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Premature birth is associated with poor metabolic health in both sexes, potentially via earlier pubertal timing. METHODS: We examined the associations of gestational age and premature birth (<37 weeks gestation) with age at onset of puberty (Tanner stage II for breast or genitalia development). We used interval-censored survival analyses ...
Ishida Miho M Clinical and Molecular Genetics Unit, Institute of Child Health, University College London, London, - - 2012
Birth weight is an important indicator of both perinatal and adult health, but little is known about the genetic factors contributing to its variability. Intrauterine growth restriction is a leading cause of perinatal morbidity and mortality and is also associated with adult disease. A significant correlation has been reported between ...
Rauch Stephen A - - 2012
Prenatal exposure to organophosphate (OP) insecticides, a widely used class of pesticides, may be associated with decreased gestational age and lower birth weight. Single nucleotide polymorphisms in paroxanase (PON1) enzyme genotypes may modify the relationships between OP exposure and perinatal outcomes. We examined the relationship of prenatal OP insecticide exposure, ...
Kirsten Gerhardus Francois - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE:Nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) plus intubation, surfactant, and extubation (InSurE) with the option of back-up ventilation for those infants for whom noninvasive ventilatory support failed resulted in a significant increase in survival in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants. The authors sought to determine the outcome ...
Nayot D - - 2012
Objective:To determine factors associated with latency time to birth after preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) and the impact on neonatal outcomes.Study Design:Data on singleton pregnancies with PPROM (n=1535 infants) were prospectively collected in a computerized perinatal/neonatal database at a tertiary care perinatal center. Latency was characterized as 72h versus ...
Mestan Karen K Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, Children's Memorial Hospital, 2300 Children's Plaza, Chicago, IL 60614, United States. - - 2012
Cord blood 8-isoprostane (8-IP) is a marker of lipid peroxidation in the peripartum period. The independent association with degree of prematurity is not well-described. To identify patterns of lipid peroxidation among early, moderate and late preterm infants, and to understand how cord blood 8-IP varies with gestational age (GA) and ...
Iacovou Maria M Institute for Social and Economic Research, University of Essex, Colchester, UK. - - 2013
Many popular childcare books recommend feeding babies to a schedule, but no large-scale study has ever examined the effects of schedule-feeding. Here, we examine the relationship between feeding infants to a schedule and two sets of outcomes: mothers' wellbeing, and children's longer-term cognitive and academic development. We used a sample ...
Ozturk Adnan - - 2012
Teratomas originating from the oral cavity are named as epignathus. It is a rare type of teratoma. An 11-day old male newborn was diagnosed with cleft palate and intraoral masses. The mass on the right side was protruding from the mouth. Another one on the left side was extending from ...
Tuckuviene Ruta - - 2012
ObjectivesTo identify infant, obstetrical and maternal characteristics associated with arterial ischaemic stroke (AIS) and venous thromboembolism (VTE) in infancy (<1 year).DesignNationwide, population-based nested case-control study. All infants with a verified first-time diagnosis of AIS, VTE or both in Denmark through the years 1994-2006 were included, and 10 population controls were ...
Gyamfi-Bannerman Cynthia - - 2012
The decision of when to deliver a patient for medical or obstetric complication directly affects the neonatal outcome. When the fetus is in danger due to suspected utero-placental insufficiency, the decision to deliver is thought to benefit the neonate. However, the opposite may be true when a normally developing fetus ...
Yu Ching-Yun CY School of Nursing, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, - - 2012
This study aims to assess expectant fathers' social support, marital intimacy and health status during the third trimester of their partners' pregnancies. Further, we investigate the predictors of father-infant attachment after childbirth. Becoming a father is a transition. Research has focused more on mothers than on fathers, even though the ...
Erlandsson Kerstin - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: to determine if the way caregivers offer opportunities to see and hold a stillborn baby impacts a mother's feelings about the experience of seeing and holding her newborn. DESIGN AND SETTING: a web questionnaire hosted by the Swedish National Infant Foundation from March 2008 to April 2010. PARTICIPANTS: 840 ...
McParland P C - - 2012
Moderate and late preterm births account for the majority of preterm babies. The common perception that birth at 32-36 weeks' gestation carries few risks is now being challenged, as these babies have increased risk of neonatal mortality and morbidity. However, spontaneous labour at this gestation frequently has no specific, easily ...
Leibovitch Leah - - 2012
Aim:  To evaluate rates of early short-term neonatal complications among term singleton newborn infants with oligohydramnios. Methods:  Retrospective data were collected on 456 term infants with prenatal diagnosis of oligohydramnios and on matched controls, including information on maternal condition and on infant perinatal complications. Results:  Infants in the study group ...
Harijan Pooja - - 2012
Aim.  This study explored inter-rater reliability, discriminative, construct and predictive validity of the Neurobehavioral Assessment of the Preterm Infant (NAPI) in a gestational-age based cohort. Methods.  The NAPI was conducted at 35 weeks post-menstrual age for 170 infants born <32 weeks. Cognitive and motor development was assessed at 2 years ...
Kingston Dawn - - 2012
Infant development plays a foundational role in optimal child development and health. Some studies have demonstrated an association between maternal psychological distress and infant outcomes, although the main emphasis has been on postpartum depression and infant-maternal attachment. Prevention and early intervention strategies would benefit from an understanding of the influence ...
Solberg Øivind - - 2012
To chart mothers' trajectories of mental health from pregnancy to 36 months postpartum in order to investigate the association between infants' congenital heart defects (CHD) and compromised maternal mental health. Mothers of infants with mild, moderate, or severe CHD (n = 141) and mothers (n = 36,437) enrolled in the Norwegian Mother and Child ...
Forestell Catherine A CA The College of William & Mary, Psychology Department, P.O. Box 8795, Williamsburg, VA 23187-8795, USA. - - 2012
The goal of the present study was to determine whether mothers' assessment of their infants' temperament is associated with objective measures of the infant's acceptance patterns and their judgments of the infants' liking of a green vegetable. To this end, infants (N=92) were video-recorded as their mothers fed them green ...
Page Robert Lee RL - - 2012
Abstract Background: Few reports exist on the association of a public smoking ban with fetal outcomes and maternal smoking in the United States. We sought to evaluate the effect of a citywide smoking ban in comparison to a like municipality with no such ban in Colorado on maternal smoking and ...
Mossabeb Roschanak - - 2012
Developmental language disorder has been reported in 3% to 10% of term infants and 30% of preterm infants (<34 weeks gestation). Screening for language delay in preterm infants can be costly and time-consuming. The objective of this study was to assess the expressive language development of preterm infants using the ...
Edmonds Liza Kathleen - - 2012
Objectives Our objective was to review the occurrence, presentation, and associated risk factors of stroke in infants at a tertiary neonatal intensive care unit.Study Design Inpatient electronic records identified infants between March 2002 and March 2011 who had perinatal arterial ischemic stroke.Results Ten infants had perinatal arterial ischemic stroke, 50% ...
Koduri Priyadarshini - - 2012
Objective To compare the intrapartum fetal heart rate (FHR) characteristics and selected birth outcomes of nonanomalous trisomy 21 (T21) fetuses to matched controls.Study Design Nonanomalous, non-growth-restricted T21 infants were identified and matched by gestational age to presumed euploid controls. We excluded women with scheduled cesarean deliveries and multiple gestations. The ...
Katon Jodie - - 2012
Katon J, Reiber G, Williams MA, Yanez D, Miller E. Antenatal haemoglobin A1c and risk of large-for-gestational-age infants in a multi-ethnic cohort of women with gestational diabetes. Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology 2012; 26: 208-217. Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a risk factor for delivering a large-for-gestational-age (LGA) infant. Haemoglobin A1c ...
Shah Rizwan - - 2012
Examine maternal and infant medical outcomes of prenatal exposure to methamphetamine (MA). Four hundred and twelve mother-infant pairs (204 MA-exposed and 208 unexposed matched comparisons) were enrolled in the Infant Development, Environment and Lifestyle (IDEAL) study. Exposure was determined by maternal self-report during this pregnancy and/or positive meconium toxicology. Maternal ...
Teng Jennifer - - 2012
Abstract Objective: To review the agreement of published standards on placental weights (PW) and fetal-placental (F/P) ratios, examine factors contributing to PW, and ask whether aberrant placental weight is associated with adverse neurologic outcome. Methods: We conducted a literature search for standards of PW, F/P ratio, and the relationship of ...
Hallman Mikko - - 2012
Abstract It has been proposed that during human evolution, development of obligate bipedalism, narrow birth canal cross-sectional area and the large brain have forced an adjustment in duration of pregnancy (scaling of gestational age; Plunkett 2011). Children compared to other mammals are born with proportionally small brains (compared to adult ...
Ein Sigmund H - - 2012
To assess the value of topical silver sulfadiazine (SSD) cream in the treatment of babies with a giant omphalocele. From 1991 to 2008 inclusive, 20 infants with giant omphalocele (defined as >10 cm diameter) were treated with SSD, leaving a large ventral hernia to be repaired at a later date. ...
Björk Maria - - 2012
The study took place in a 10-bed neonatal ward in a hospital in the south of Sweden and includes mothers having given birth to a preterm infant born before the 37th week of gestation. The aim of the study was to illuminate mothers' experiences of breastfeeding a preterm infant in ...
Pearson R M - - 2012
A mother's response towards her infant's distress is important for the mother-infant relationship and infant development. There is evidence that maternal responses are impaired in depressed mothers. Further understanding of how depression disrupts maternal responses is important to direct treatment strategies. There is evidence that maternal responses develop during pregnancy. ...
Hill Heather D - - 2012
In some states, the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program offers the equivalent of paid maternity leave without job protection to low-income, single mothers of infants. Age-of-youngest-child (AYC) exemptions waive work requirements for TANF recipients after the birth of a child, generally for 3-12 months, depending on the state. ...
Loto O M - - 2012
This study aimed at predicting foetal birth weight using various clinical methods and to determine which of the methods is the most accurate in this population. Parturients of all parities admitted into the labour ward of OAUTHC, Ile-Ife at term for delivery were recruited for this study. They had their ...
Newfield Emily - - 2012
Complications arising in the third trimester often challenge the clinician to balance the concern for maternal well-being with the consequences of infant prematurity. The most serious and challenging antepartum issues relate to preterm labor and birth, hypertensive disorders, and bleeding events. This article guides the practitioner through decision-making and management ...
Zelkowitz Phyllis - - 2012
Maternal mental health is an important public health issue because of its effects not only on the mother's well-being and functional status, but also her relationship with her partner and the development of her children. There is accumulating evidence of the adverse sequelae of maternal anxiety on fetal development, obstetrical ...
Ali T B Taiyeb - - 2012
To assess effect of periodontal status of antenatal mothers on pregnancy outcomes in a selected population in Malaysia. Prospective cohort study on a multi-ethnic convenient sample. 73 healthy pregnant women between 28 to 36 gestation weeks attending 5 ante-natal centres were recruited. Both Interviewer-administered Questionnaire and Periodontal examination, which included ...
Tanaka Shoichiro A - - 2012
: Much of the literature on the epidemiology of cleft lip with or without cleft palate is more than three decades old. The question arose as to whether there has been any recent change or trend in its rate of occurrence. : The number of live births with cleft lip ...
Ndaboine Edgar M - - 2012
Eclampsia continues to be a major problem, particularly in developing countries such as Tanzania, contributing significantly to high maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality. We conducted a study to establish the incidence of eclampsia and the associated maternal and perinatal outcomes among eclamptic patients admitted to our center. A descriptive ...
Jahromi Laudan B - - 2012
Infants of adolescent mothers are at increased risk for negative developmental outcomes. Given the high rate of pregnancy among Mexican-origin adolescent females in the US, the present study examined health characteristics at birth and developmental functioning at 10 months of age in a sample of 205 infants of Mexican-origin adolescent ...
Joosen Katharina J - - 2012
In a longitudinal study with 73 mothers and their second-born child, stability and main-level differences between measures of maternal sensitivity across settings and over time were examined. Furthermore, the predictability of harsh discipline by these different maternal sensitivity measures was studied. Maternal sensitivity was assessed at three and six months ...
Usui Noriaki - - 2012
Few large multicenter surveys have been performed on sacrococcygeal teratomas (SCTs) describing both the prenatal and postnatal courses. The aim of this study was to review and report on the prenatal surveillance and postnatal outcome of a large cohort of fetuses with SCTs in Japan. A nationwide retrospective cohort study ...
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >