Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1361
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Olusanya Bolajoko O - - 2012
To identify the socio-demographic antecedents and pregnancy-related history of infants with abnormal head sizes in a developing country. An observational study of mother-infant pairs attending routine immunization clinics in an inner-city community in Lagos, Nigeria. Age and gender-specific head circumference was determined with the current Child Growth Standards of the ...
Kim Jeong Eun - - 2012
OK-432 (picibanil) is an inactivated preparation of Streptococcus pyogenes that causes pleurodesis by inducing a strong inflammatory response. Intrapleural instillation of OK-432 has recently been used to successfully treat neonatal and fetal chylothorax. Here we report a trial of intrapleural instillation of OK-432 in two preterm infants who were born ...
Chen H - - 2012
Maternal mental illness is a significant public health concern, with established adverse outcomes on both mother and infant, such as impaired mother-infant bonding and infant cognitive and emotional development. In severe cases, maternal mortality and infanticide can tragically occur. This is a report on the suicide of a mother who ...
Bingham Debra - - 2012
Obstetric hemorrhage remains the leading cause of maternal death in the United States, and 54% to 93% of these deaths may have been preventable. Leaders must honor the lives of women who die from obstetric hemorrhage by reviewing their deaths and sharing lessons learned. Shortening the current 3 to 7 ...
Cha Hyun-Hwa - - 2012
The objective of this study was to derive a customised birth weight standard curve in our institute and to compare the perinatal outcomes of small-for-gestational-age (SGA) births classified by population-based versus customised birth weight standards. We surveyed 9052 normal singleton deliveries and generated customised standards by adjusting for maternal characteristics ...
Romero Julie - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to estimate the predictive value of cervical length (CL) and fetal fibronectin (fFN) in patients being treated with 17-alpha-hydroxyprogesterone caproate (17P). METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort of 176 patients with a prior spontaneous preterm birth being treated with weekly injections of 17P ...
Doctor Henry Victor - - 2012
The aim of this study was to estimate: (1) the lifetime risk (LTR) of maternal death; and (2) the maternal mortality ratio (MMR) in the Zamfara State of northern Nigeria. Data from the Nahuche Health and Demographic Surveillance System were utilized using the 'sisterhood method' for estimating maternal mortality. Female ...
Guo Yongyong - - 2012
Unregulated electronic-waste recycling results in serious environmental pollution of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in Guiyu, China. We evaluated the body burden of seven carcinogenic PAHs and potential health risks for neonates. Umbilical cord blood (UCB) samples were collected from Guiyu (n=103), and the control area of Chaonan (n=80), China. PAHs ...
Danzer Enrico - - 2012
Objective: To determine the value of fetal MRI-calculated total lung volumes (TLV) in the prediction of short-term outcome in patients with giant omphalocele (GO). Material and Methods: We reviewed all cases of GO undergoing fetal MRI after 21 weeks' gestation and receiving postnatal care at our institution between 2003 and ...
Juurlink David N - - 2012
To examine whether postpartum maternal prescription of codeine was associated with an increased risk of harm to newborns. Population-based retrospective cohort study. Ontario, Canada, from April 1, 1998 to March 1, 2008. A total of 7804 mothers with publically-funded prescription drug coverage. Women who received a prescription for a codeine-containing ...
Miyazaki Ken - - 2012
Objective. To assess the neonatal and maternal outcomes complicated by previable preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM). Design. Retrospective study. Setting. Tertiary referral hospital. Sample. Forty-five women having aggressive intervention with antibiotics, amnioinfusion, cerclage and tocolysis. Methods. The hospital database between July 2001 and December 2009 was reviewed for women ...
Neubauer Vera - - 2012
Aim:  To show comprehensive data on potential sex differences in maternal and neonatal characteristics, short-term morbidity and neurodevelopmental outcome within an entire geographically-determined collective of infants born at a gestational age <32 weeks. Methods: Between 2003 and 2008 we prospectively enrolled all infants born in Tyrol at <32 weeks of ...
Gaudet Laura - - 2012
Abstract Objectives: To compare outcomes of neonates born from women with Class III obesity with those whose mothers were of normal body weight. Methods: A retrospective cohort study of live-born singleton infants was undertaken. Maternal pre-pregnancy body mass index defined matched normal and Class III obese cohorts. Multivariable regression models ...
Kramer Ms - - 2012
Please cite this paper as: Kramer M, Rouleau J, Liu S, Bartholomew S, Joseph K for the Maternal Health Study Group of the Canadian Perinatal Surveillance System. Amniotic fluid embolism: incidence, risk factors, and impact on perinatal outcome. BJOG 2012; DOI: 10.1111/j.1471-0528.2012.03323.x. Objective  To extend our previous work on AFE ...
Flores-le Roux Juana A - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To analyse first-day-of-life glucose levels in infants of women with gestational diabetes (GDM) and the influence of maternal, gestational and peripartum factors on the development of neonatal hypoglycaemia. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study including newborns of GDM mothers. Capillary blood glucose (CBG) was measured serially on the first day ...
Sarnat Harvey B - - 2012
Synaptogenesis can be detected in tissue sections by immunoreactivity for synaptophysin, a synaptic vesicle glycoprotein that serves as a marker of synaptic maturation. Reactivity was prospectively studied postmortem in sections of the striatum, globus pallidus, and substantia nigra in 172 normal human fetuses and neonates of 6 to 41 weeks' ...
Stokes Theophil A - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To assess anthropometric changes from birth to hospital discharge in infants born preterm and compare with a reference birth cohort of infants born full-term. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review was conducted of 501 preterm and 1423 full-term infants. We evaluated birth and hospital discharge weight, length, and waist circumference ...
Demirel Gamze - - 2012
Abstract Objective: To analyze the relationship of obstetric complications and neonatal outcomes with the thrombophilic status of the mother-infant couples in case of demonstrated placental villous thrombosis in histopathological evaluation after delivery. Methods: Placentas of high risk pregnancies, unexplained fetal loss or infants who needed neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) ...
Hayden Tassy - - 2012
Whether and how the co-occurrence of depression and diabetes in pregnancy may worsen infant development has not been reported. Pregnant women with diabetes and with (n = 34) or without (n = 34) major depressive disorder (MDD) were followed during pregnancy and 6-months postpartum. The MDD subset received randomly assigned treatment with cognitive behavior ...
Ow Lin L - - 2012
BACKGROUND: It is important to establish whether research recommendations regarding magnesium sulphate for neuroprotection can be readily translated into clinical practice and achieve the dual objectives of good coverage of the target group, while minimising unnecessary or prolonged exposure to treatment. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included all women admitted ...
Zanardo Vincenzo - - 2012
ObjectiveTo investigate the effects of elective primary and elective repeat caesarean deliveries on lactation at hospital discharge.DesignCohort study.SettingFour Italian teaching hospitals - Padua, Brescia, L'Aquila and Udine.InterventionsDeliveries were classified as vaginal, elective caesarean (primary and repeat) or emergency caesarean. A total of 2296 (24.7%) infants born by caesarean section (CS), ...
Whitworth Kristina W - - 2012
Perfluorooctane sulfonate and perfluorooctanoic acid are perfluorinated compounds (PFCs) widely distributed in the environment. Previous studies of PFCs and birth weight are equivocal. The authors examined this association in the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study (MoBa), using data from 901 women enrolled from 2003 to 2004 and selected for ...
Teti Douglas M - - 2012
Mechanisms were examined to clarify relations between maternal depressive symptoms, dysfunctional cognitions, and infant night waking among 45 infants (1-24 months) and their mothers. A mother-driven mediational model was tested in which maternal depressive symptoms and dysfunctional cognitions about infant sleep predicted infant night waking via their impact on mothers' bedtime ...
Jelin Angie C - - 2012
Abstract Objective: To evaluate neonatal outcomes in late preterm infants delivered due to preeclampsia. Methods: A retrospective cohort of 3,580 infants delivered at 32 0/7 to 36 6/7 weeks gestation was examined. Neonatal outcomes of infants delivered due to preeclampsia were compared with outcomes of infants delivered prematurely due to ...
Shigeta Naoya - - 2012
A 34-year-old parous woman developed high fever and threatened preterm labor after a 1-day trip, for which she was receiving prenatal care at a hospital. Three days after onset, at 24 4/7 weeks of gestation, she was transferred to our hospital in an emergency. Soon after the woman's arrival at ...
Briana Despina D - - 2012
Abstract Objective: To prospectively investigate cord blood concentrations of intestinal fatty acid-binding protein-[I-FABP, a useful marker in the early detection of necrotizing enterocolitis-(NEC)] in full-term intrauterine-growth-restricted-(IUGR, associated with NEC, regardless of gestational age) and appropriate-for-gestational-age-(AGA) pregnancies. We also aimed to determine cord blood I-FABP concentrations in IUGR cases with abnormal ...
Ersdal Hege Langli - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:Early neonatal mortality within the first 24 hours contributes substantially to overall neonatal mortality rates. The definition of birth asphyxia (BA) is imprecise, and reliable cause-specific mortality data are limited; thus the estimated proportion of BA-related deaths globally remains questionable. The objective was to determine the presumed causes of neonatal ...
Ipek Mehmet Sah - - 2012
Abstract Objective: To evaluate the role of some antenatal factors on bone status of newborn infants. Methods: Tibial bone speed of sound (SOS) value was measured by quantitative ultrasound within 5 days after birth in 205 neonates whose gestational ages ranged between 31-40 weeks. The cohort was divided into two ...
Eworuke Efe - - 2012
PURPOSE: To develop and validate an algorithm to identify preterm infants in the absence of birth certificates within Medicaid data. METHODS: Medicaid fee-for-service claims data from Florida (FL) and Texas (TX) were linked to vital statistics data for infants who were continuously eligible during the first 3 months following birth or ...
Larson Austin - - 2012
To determine whether asymmetric macrosomia (disproportionately large body size in comparison to head circumference) could be demonstrated in a population of infants suffering shoulder dystocia during delivery relative to those that did not suffer from shoulder dystocia. A case-control study was conducted as a retrospective chart review over 3 years at ...
Pavone Vito - - 2012
Congenital talipes equinovarus (clubfoot) can present in 2 forms: "syndromic", in which other malformations exist, and the more common "idiopathic" form, where there are no other associated malformations. We analyzed the epidemiology of congenital talipes equinovarus in the Sicilian population, looking for potential etiological factors. Among the 801,324 live births ...
Hassanein Sahar M A - - 2012
Abstract Objectives: To evaluate the clinical significance of UPU recovery from umbilical cord blood, using PCR, and its association to umbilical cord IL-6 levels and neonatal morbidity in preterm infants. Methods: Cord bloodPolymerase chain reactionfor Ureaplasmaurealyticum,and IL-6 were assessedin relation to neonatal outcomes of30 preterm deliveries of less than 35 ...
Baker Christopher D - - 2012
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), the chronic lung disease of prematurity, is associated with impaired vascular and alveolar growth. Antenatal factors contribute to the risk for developing BPD by unclear mechanisms. Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs), such as angiogenic circulating progenitor cells (CPCs) and late-outgrowth endothelial colony-forming cells (ECFCs), may contribute to angiogenesis ...
Azak Schale - - 2012
The effect of maternal depressive disorder on infant daytime cortisol production was studied in three groups of infants; one group with mothers with comorbid depression and anxiety (n = 19), a second group with mothers with depression only (n = 7), and a third group with non-depressed mothers (n = 24). The infants' cortisol production pattern ...
Montirosso Rosario R Centre for the Study of Social Emotional Development of the at Risk Infant, Scientific Institute E. Medea, Bosisio Parini, Lecco, Italy. - - 2012
To examine the relation between the neurobehavior of very preterm infants and the level of NICU quality of developmental care. The neurobehavior of 178 very preterm infants (gestational age ≤29 weeks and/or birth weight ≤1500 g) from 25 NICUs participating in a large multicenter, longitudinal study (Neonatal Adequate Care for ...
Arbuckle Tye E - - 2012
Perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAAs) and polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) are persistent organic pollutants representing two classes of environmental contaminants of toxicological concern, especially for infants. Canadian biomonitoring data on these chemicals are limited. The objectives of this study were to measure PFAAs and PBDEs in umbilical cord blood from approximately 100 ...
Salihu Hamisu M - - 2012
Aim:  To examine the association between infant mortality, the day of birth and sociodemographic factors. Methods:  This population-based retrospective study analyzed all singleton live births in the state of Missouri during the period 1989 to 1997. The main outcome of interest was infant survival after birth. Hazard ratios (HR) and ...
Minsart Anne-Frederique - - 2012
Background: Differences in neonatal mortality among immigrants have been documented in Belgium and elsewhere, and these disparities are poorly understood. Our objective was to compare perinatal mortality rates in immigrant mothers according to citizenship status. Methods: This was a population-based study using 2008 data from the Belgian birth register data ...
Williams Fiona - - 2012
Context:Mild maternal thyroid dysfunction during early pregnancy is associated with poor neurodevelopment in affected offspring. Most studies are population based or are smaller populations of term/late preterm infants. No studies were found that focused on more preterm infants.Objective:Our objective was to describe the relationship between mild maternal thyroid dysfunction at ...
Caton Alissa R - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Examining seasonal patterns of birth defects may help to identify environmental risk factors. Because the teratogenic window for most birth defects is during gestational weeks 3 to 8, investigating exposures closer to the timing of conception is important. However, studies are usually based on month of birth, which is ...
Oyarzo Carolina - - 2012
Abstract Objective: To investigate whether the February 27(th) earthquake exposition was associated to adverse perinatal outcomes in Chilean pregnant women. Methods: We analyzed all deliveries occurred in 2009 (N=3,609) and 2010 (N=3,279) in a reference hospital in the area of the earthquake. Furthermore, we investigated pregnant women who gave birth ...
Jimenez-Truque Natalia - - 2012
The study aimed to assess whether maternal colonization with Staphylococcus aureus during pregnancy or at delivery was associated with infant staphylococcal colonization. For this prospective cohort study, women were enrolled at 34 to 37 weeks of gestation between 2007 and 2009. Nasal and vaginal swabs for culture were obtained at ...
Anderson Nh - - 2012
Please cite this paper as: Anderson N, Sadler L, Stewart A, McCowan LE. Maternal and pathological pregnancy characteristics in customised birthweight centiles and identification of at-risk small-for-gestational-age infants: a retrospective cohort study. BJOG 2012; DOI: 10.1111/j.1471-0528.2012.03313.x. Objective  To regenerate coefficients for the New Zealand customised birthweight centile calculator using an ...
Dilli Dilek - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To perform neurodevelopmental evaluation at 18 to 24 months corrected age in very low birth infants (VLBW) with transient hypothyroxinemia. DESIGN: Cohort study. SETTING: Maternity teaching hospital. PATIENTS: Premature infants who were previously evaluated for thyroid hormone values in the first weeks of life were included. INTERVENTION: Data of ...
Rattray Darrien D - - 2012
Objective: To determine the antecedent factors, morbidity, and mortality associated with disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) in a Nova Scotia tertiary maternity hospital over a 30-year period. Methods: Cases of DIC were identified from the Nova Scotia Atlee Perinatal Database for the years 1980 to 2009 and the hospital charts reviewed. ...
Moore Gaea Schwaebe - - 2012
We sought to determine whether small-for-gestational age (SGA) and large-for-gestational age (LGA) birthweights increase autism risk. This was a retrospective cohort analysis comparing children with autism (n = 20,206) within a birth cohort (n = 5,979,605). Stratification by sex and birthweight percentile (SGA, <5th or 5-10th percentile; appropriate size for ...
Lamb Diane J - - 2012
Birth weight in triplets is, on average, lower than in singletons and twins, and more children are classified as having very low or extremely low birth weight. Still, there is limited research on factors that affect triplet birth weight, and samples under study are often small. Chorionicity and zygosity influence ...
Skora Daniel - - 2012
Since the advent of ART, much research has focused on the potential adverse for resultant harm. Prematurity, low birth-weight, PIH, congenital malformations, and CP are closely tied to multiple gestation. With the increase in elective single embryo transfer, there will be a reduction in adversity related to multiple birth. It ...
Phalen Ann Gibbons - - 2012
The Apgar score is a standardized tool for evaluating newborns in the delivery room. Despite its long history and widespread use, debate remains over its reliability of predicting neonatal outcomes, especially in extremely low-birth-weight premature infants. The aim of the study was to examine the relationship between the 5-minute Apgar ...
Craighead Debra Vela - - 2012
Early term birth, which occurs at 37 to 38 weeks gestation, is often elective and can carry significant health risks to infants, including short-term and long-term health outcomes. Nurses and other health care providers involved in the care of pregnant women and infants need to be aware of these infants' ...
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