Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1352
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Ingelfinger Julie R - - 2012
J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich). 2012; 14:365-371. ©2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. The concept of developmental origins of adult disease derives from both epidemiologic and basic sciences. This brief review considers the impact of the intrauterine milieu, intrauterine growth retardation, premature birth, and infant feeding on later hypertension and kidney disease.
Galipeau Roseline - - 2012
This study identified birth events and infant/maternal factors related to breastmilk sodium (Na+) among primiparous mothers. Data were collected in a larger study on perceived insufficient milk among 252 breastfeeding mothers at a Canadian, French-speaking university maternal care center. Birth events and infant and maternal factors were collected at 48 ...
Einav Sharon - - 2012
AIM: To examine the outcomes of maternal cardiac arrest and the evidence for the 4-minute time frame from arrest to perimortem caesarean delivery (PMCD) recommended in current resuscitation and obstetric guidelines. DATA SOURCES AND METHODS: : Review and data extraction from all reported maternal cardiac arrests occurring prior to delivery ...
Powell Rachael - - 2012
BackgroundIntroducing neonatal screening procedures may not be readily accepted by parents and may increase anxiety. The acceptability of pulse oximetry screening to parents has not been previously reported.ObjectiveTo assess maternal acceptability of pulse oximetry screening for congenital heart defects and to identify factors predictive of participation in screening.Design and settingA ...
Spaggiari E - - 2012
Objective: To investigate the prognostic value of a hernia sac in isolated congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). Methods: Our database was searched to identify all consecutive cases of CDH referred to our fetal medicine unit between January 2004 and August 2011. Presence or absence of a hernia sac was assessed in ...
Zoppelli Luciano - - 2012
Background: There is a need for reliable diagnostic biomarkers in necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). Whereas fecal calprotectin (fCP) has been reported to have insufficient sensitivity and specificity, no previous study has stratified for gestational and postnatal age. Objective: We aimed to provide developmental specific fCP data in premature infants and to ...
Bilszta Justin L C - - 2012
This study utilizes video feedback to improve maternal parenting behavior in clinically depressed mothers admitted to a perinatal inpatient psychiatric unit. Depressed mothers (n = 74) were randomized to "video" (n = 25), "verbal" (n = 26), or "standard care" (n = 23). "Video" mothers were taped playing with their infant; interaction was reviewed with a mental health ...
Worobey John - - 2012
Authors have recently suggested that difficult temperament in infancy may be associated with rapid weight gain, but no previous studies actually report associations between temperament and feeding as a response to infant distress. The purpose of the present study was to examine whether greater infant difficulty elicits more feeding, which ...
Ross Gail S - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Discordant birth weight twins have been shown to have high rates of adverse perinatal outcomes, but little is known about their growth and development. AIM: To determine whether smaller and larger birth weight premature twins in concordant and discordant birth weight groups differ on measures of physical growth and ...
Poehlmann Julie - - 2012
The differential susceptibility (DS) model suggests that temperamentally prone-to-distress infants may exhibit adverse outcomes in negative environments but optimal outcomes in positive environments. This study explored temperament, parenting, and 36-month cognition and behavior in preterm infants using the DS model. We hypothesized that temperamentally prone to distress preterm infants would ...
Bonduelle Maryse - - 2012
Is treatment with corifollitropin alfa, a new recombinant gonadotrophin with sustained follicle-stimulating activity, safe in terms of perinatal complications and birth defects in infants conceived following corifollitropin alfa treatment for contolled ovarian stimulation (COS)? In terms of neonatal outcome and risk of malformations, treatment with a single dose of corifollitropin ...
Nielsen-Saines Karin - - 2012
The impact of maternal antiretrovirals (ARVs) during pregnancy, labor, and postpartum on infant outcomes is unclear. Infants born to HIV-infected mothers in ARV studies were followed for 18 months. Between June 2006 and December 2008, 236 infants enrolled from Africa (n = 36), India (n = 47), Thailand (n = ...
Hussaini Khaleel S - - 2012
There is well-documented evidence on how interpregnancy interval (IPI) is associated with adverse perinatal outcomes and how short and long IPIs are associated with increased risk for preterm birth, low birth weight, and intra-uterine growth restriction. However, the extremes of IPI on infant mortality are less well documented. The current ...
Musser Erica D - - 2012
Research on maternal neural response to infant distress highlights circuits that may underlie differences in quality of maternal behavior. However, it is far from clear which circuits are relevant to maternal sensitivity, as opposed to other maternal behavioral dimensions, particularly after the early postpartum. This study examined maternal sensitivity, intrusiveness, ...
Tharner Anne - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association of breastfeeding with maternal sensitive responsiveness and infant-mother attachment security and disorganization. METHODS: We included 675 participants of a prospective cohort study. Questionnaires about breastfeeding practices were administered at 2 and 6 months postpartum. At 14 months, maternal sensitive responsiveness was assessed in a 13-minute ...
Oi Shizuo - - 2012
This report describes the case of a neonate with myeloschisis weighing 599 g that underwent an operation for spinal cord reconstruction resulting in substantial neuronal functional recovery. At 28 weeks of gestation, oligohydramnios was detected and the female fetus was diagnosed with intrauterine growth retardation. At birth by emergency caesarean ...
Bolton Charlotte E CE National Institute for Health Research, Nottingham Respiratory Biomedical Research Unit, University of Nottingham, City Hospital, Nottingham, United Kingdom. - - 2012
To investigate the relationship between disturbed lung function and large-artery hemodynamics in school-age children born extremely preterm (EP) (at 25 completed weeks of gestation or less). This was a cross-sectional study of participants from the EPICure study, now aged 11 years (n = 66), and 86 age- and sex-matched term-born ...
Kaneko Masatoki - - 2012
Aim:  We investigated neonatal and infant mortality rates for extremely low-birthweight infants and clarified clinical factors associated with death. Material and Methods:  A population-based study was conducted for 195 infants born from 2005 to 2009. Results:  The infant mortality rate was 28.6%, 21.7%, 34.2%, 6.7%, 6.3%, 13%, and 4.8% at ...
Belt Ritva H - - 2012
Some mothers who have recently lost a significant attachment figure may become mentally incoherent and sporadically even enter a trancelike, dissociative state. Such states of mind have been shown to predict infant attachment disorganization. Infants born close to the time of a parental loss are at a greater risk for ...
Attar Mohammad A - - 2012
Objectives We evaluated the effect of late preterm (34 to 36 weeks' gestation) delivery on hospital mortality of infants with hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS).Study Design Retrospective review of records of infants born at or after 34 weeks with no other lethal anomalies, cared for in a single tertiary perinatal ...
Fixler David E - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE:Despite improvements in congenital heart disease (CHD) survival over the past 4 decades, ethnic disparities persist. Several studies have shown higher postoperative CHD adjusted mortality in black and Hispanic children. Others noted that non-English-speaking language at home was associated with appointment noncompliance, which the parents attributed to misunderstanding ...
Wong Jonathan - - 2012
Objectives To estimate daily risk, variability between centers, and impact on outcomes of catheter-related sepsis (CRS) among preterm neonates.Study Design Retrospective evaluation of data from centers in the Canadian Neonatal Network for neonates born at <29 weeks or <1000 g who had a percutaneously placed central venous catheter (PCVC) in ...
Alio Amina P - - 2012
Research investigating the role of paternal age in adverse birth outcomes is limited. This population-based retrospective cohort study used the Missouri maternally linked data set from 1989 to 2005 to assess whether paternal age affects fetal birth outcomes: low birth weight (LBW), preterm birth (PTB), stillbirth, and small size for ...
Hellmeyer Lars - - 2012
PURPOSE: Late preterm infants with gestational ages between [Formula: see text] and [Formula: see text] weeks are known to be at higher risk of mortality and morbidity than term newborns. This study aims to investigate the nature and frequency of neonatological complications in the late preterm population resulting in neonatal ...
Bove Isabel - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Stunting, overweight and child development impairment are key problems affecting early infancy and have short and long-term consequences on academic performance, social competence and adult health. The aim of this paper is to identify linkages and factors that may simultaneously contribute to these problems. STUDY DESIGN: A cross sectional ...
Kurto─člu Selim - - 2012
Intrauterine growth references are primarily useful indicators in the assessment of the general health status of newborn infants. Although Lubchenco's references are still used in many neonatal care units, we believe that there is a need for up-to-date intrauterine growth references specific for different populations. To develop gestational age-and gender-specific ...
Smith Lynne M - - 2012
Maternal depression is associated with a higher incidence of behavioral problems in infants, but the effects of maternal depression as early as 1 month are not well characterized. The objective of this study is to determine the neurobehavioral effects of maternal depression on infants exposed and not exposed to methamphetamine ...
Rogers Lynette K - - 2012
To test the hypothesis that plasma lipid metabolite levels in premature infants are associated with the development of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). The studies also tested a secondary hypothesis that plasma lipid metabolite levels were correlated with gestational age. Infants born <32 weeks' gestation were enrolled during the first 72 h ...
Kristal Mark B - - 2012
Afterbirth ingestion by nonhuman mammalian mothers has a number of benefits: (1) increasing the interaction between the mother and infant; (2) potentiating pregnancy-mediated analgesia in the delivering mother; (3) potentiating maternal brain opioid circuits that facilitate the onset of caretaking behavior; and (4) suppressing postpartum pseudopregnancy. Childbirth is fraught with ...
de Araújo Breno Fauth - - 2012
To compare mortality and the principal intercurrent clinical conditions suffered by late-preterm newborn infants born with gestational ages of 34 full weeks to 36 weeks and 6 days, and full term newborns. This was a cross-sectional study of all preterm newborn infants born at a public hospital from August 2010 ...
Jevitt Cecilia M - - 2012
A qualitative content analysis was conducted on narratives written by 127 mothers at four to six weeks postpartum. This study aimed to identify and compare postpartum stressors to the Tennessee Postpartum Stress Scale (TPSS). The TPSS is a guide to common postpartum stressors and an instrument to assess postpartum stress. ...
Musmar Samar Ghazal - - 2012
Background: Several studies in Palestine, including some performed in refugee camps, showed that breastfeeding is a common practice, however, exclusive breastfeeding was practiced less frequently. The social and cultural patterns in relation to different types of infant feeding were not studied. Objectives: This study aimed to evaluate the association between ...
Preer Genevieve L - - 2012
Background: Rates of exclusive breastfeeding during the postpartum hospital stay are a key measure of quality maternity care. Often, however, concern for excessive in-hospital weight loss leads to formula supplementation of breastfed infants. The American Academy of Pediatrics defines 7% weight loss as acceptable for breastfed newborns regardless of mode ...
Emuren Leonard - - 2012
To evaluate the presence of racial disparities in infant mortality rates and assess risk factors for infant death among black and white populations in Hampton Roads, Virginia. A retrospective study with secondary analyses of linked birth/death certificate data was conducted using a sample of 201,610 live-born infants and 1659 infant ...
Murphy Kellie E - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:: To estimate the effect of multiple courses of antenatal corticosteroids on neonatal size, controlling for gestational age at birth and other confounders, and to determine whether there was a dose-response relationship between number of courses of antenatal corticosteroids and neonatal size. METHODS:: This is a secondary analysis of the ...
Goyal Neera K - - 2012
To determine the association of late preterm gestation (34-36 weeks' gestation) with underweight status in infancy. Retrospective cohort study. Thirty-one primary care sites within a hospital-owned network, from January 1, 2007, through June 30, 2009. Seven thousand eight hundred sixty-six infants with gestational ages ranging from 34 to 42 weeks, ...
Akhtar Javed - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Little is known about associated anomalies in fetuses with gastroschisis (GS) who experience an "atypical perinatal event," defined as spontaneous abortion, stillbirth, termination, or death within 24 hours of birth. PURPOSE: This study aims to compare associated malformation rates in an atypical perinatal event cohort vs newborns with GS ...
Chen H - - 2012
Maternal mental illness is a significant public health concern, with established adverse outcomes on both mother and infant, such as impaired mother-infant bonding and infant cognitive and emotional development. In severe cases, maternal mortality and infanticide can tragically occur. This is a report on the suicide of a mother who ...
Chhabra S - - 2012
Every year, half a million babies are born with malformations, one-third of these life-threatening. The present study aims at analysing trends of perinatal mortality (PM) due to major congenital malformations (MCM) at a rural institute, for preventive possibilities. Records of all perinatal deaths due to MCM over 24 years were ...
Pinho J R O - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to estimate the association between low birth weight and its 2 components, intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) and preterm birth, with developmental defects of dental enamel (DDE). A retrospective cohort study was conducted on 205 12- to 60-month-olds born in the municipality of São Luís, ...
Morey Jo Ann - - 2012
Maternal stress common to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) experience often impairs bonding, plays a role in postpartum depression and anxiety, and decreases maternal milk production. This study evaluated the effect of a nurse-led intervention pertaining to the experience of having a baby in the NICU on maternal stress ...
Olusanya Bolajoko O - - 2012
To identify the socio-demographic antecedents and pregnancy-related history of infants with abnormal head sizes in a developing country. An observational study of mother-infant pairs attending routine immunization clinics in an inner-city community in Lagos, Nigeria. Age and gender-specific head circumference was determined with the current Child Growth Standards of the ...
Kim Jeong Eun - - 2012
OK-432 (picibanil) is an inactivated preparation of Streptococcus pyogenes that causes pleurodesis by inducing a strong inflammatory response. Intrapleural instillation of OK-432 has recently been used to successfully treat neonatal and fetal chylothorax. Here we report a trial of intrapleural instillation of OK-432 in two preterm infants who were born ...
Hager Erin R - - 2012
To examine (1) accuracy of maternal perceptions of toddler body size; (2) factors associated with accuracy of toddler body size; and (3) how maternal satisfaction relates to accuracy/toddler body size. Cross-sectional. Low-income community sample from suburban Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC)/urban pediatric clinics. Two hundred ...
Taha Taha E - - 2012
We analyzed birth outcomes among infants of treatment-naive, HIV-infected women from a series of mother-to-child transmission of HIV studies in Blantyre, Malawi. Data from 6 prospective studies at 1 research site were analyzed. Mean birth weight (BW) and gestational age (GA), and frequency of low birth weight (LBW; <2500 g) ...
Bingham Debra - - 2012
Obstetric hemorrhage remains the leading cause of maternal death in the United States, and 54% to 93% of these deaths may have been preventable. Leaders must honor the lives of women who die from obstetric hemorrhage by reviewing their deaths and sharing lessons learned. Shortening the current 3 to 7 ...
Cha Hyun-Hwa - - 2012
The objective of this study was to derive a customised birth weight standard curve in our institute and to compare the perinatal outcomes of small-for-gestational-age (SGA) births classified by population-based versus customised birth weight standards. We surveyed 9052 normal singleton deliveries and generated customised standards by adjusting for maternal characteristics ...
Romero Julie - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to estimate the predictive value of cervical length (CL) and fetal fibronectin (fFN) in patients being treated with 17-alpha-hydroxyprogesterone caproate (17P). METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort of 176 patients with a prior spontaneous preterm birth being treated with weekly injections of 17P ...
Doctor Henry Victor - - 2012
The aim of this study was to estimate: (1) the lifetime risk (LTR) of maternal death; and (2) the maternal mortality ratio (MMR) in the Zamfara State of northern Nigeria. Data from the Nahuche Health and Demographic Surveillance System were utilized using the 'sisterhood method' for estimating maternal mortality. Female ...
Juurlink David N - - 2012
To examine whether postpartum maternal prescription of codeine was associated with an increased risk of harm to newborns. Population-based retrospective cohort study. Ontario, Canada, from April 1, 1998 to March 1, 2008. A total of 7804 mothers with publically-funded prescription drug coverage. Women who received a prescription for a codeine-containing ...
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