Search Results
Results 151 - 200 of 1352
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Ribeiro Maísa A - - 2012
BACKGROUND-: Human T-cell Lymphotropic Virus type 1 and 2 (HTLV-1/2) causes serious diseases and is endemic in many parts of the world. It is transmitted from mother to child in 15 to 25% of the cases, primarily through breastfeeding. Proviral load and duration of breastfeeding are thought to play a ...
Schmiegelow Christentze - - 2012
Objective: To identify factors associated with perinatal mortality in northeastern Tanzania. Design: Prospective cohort study. Setting: Northeastern Tanzania. Population: 872 mothers and their newborns. Methods: Pregnant women were screened for factors possibly associated with perinatal mortality, including preeclampsia, small-for-gestational age, preterm delivery, anemia, and health-seeking behavior. Fetal growth was monitored ...
Maisels M J - - 2012
We provide an approach to the use of phototherapy and exchange transfusion in the management of hyperbilirubinemia in preterm infants of <35 weeks of gestation. Because there are limited data for evidence-based recommendations, these recommendations are, of necessity, consensus-based. The recommended treatment levels are based on operational thresholds for bilirubin ...
Horvath Boldizsár - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To determine the interaction between histological chorioamnionitis and unexplained neonatal cerebral palsy among low birth weight infants. STUDY DESIGN: We studied 141 preterm infants below 1500g delivered between 2000 and 2010. Clinical data, neonatal neuroimaging, laboratory results, the histopathological features of the placenta and gastric smear within the first ...
Cardoso Enedina Jiménez - - 2012
The first case of neonatal Chagas was reported in Mexico in 1998, but there have been no studies since then. Therefore, we investigated the rates of congenital infection of T. cruzi by examining the seroprevalence among 1448 pregnant women in Oaxaca, Jalisco and Mexico City. We performed ELISAs to screen ...
Heron Melonie - - 2012
This report presents final 2008 data on the 10 leading causes of death in the United States by age, sex, race, and Hispanic origin. Leading causes of infant, neonatal, and postneonatal death are also presented. This report supplements the Division of Vital Statistics' annual report of final mortality statistics. Data ...
Grisaru-Soen Galia - - 2012
Objective:  We determined the prevalence and risk factors for LO-BSIs, the distribution of pathogens and the outcomes of affected preterm infants. Methods:  The records of all preterm infants (<37 weeks gestation) born between 2004-2005 and hospitalized in NICU for >3 days were retrieved for this retrospective matched case-control study. Results:  ...
Lampi Katja M - - 2012
To examine the relationship between birth weight, gestational age, small for gestational age (SGA), and 3 of the most common autism spectrum disorder (ASD) subtypes. In this population-based case-control study conducted in Finland, 4713 cases born between 1987 and 2005 with International Classification of Diseases-diagnoses of childhood autism, Asperger syndrome, ...
Declercq Eugene - - 2012
Introduction: Data on attendance at birth by midwives in the United States have been available on the national level since 1989. Rates of certified nurse-midwife (CNM)-attended births more than doubled between 1989 (3.3% of all births) and 2002 (7.7%) and have remained steady since. This article examines trends in midwife-attended ...
Yu Xiao Dan - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:The relationship between gestational hypertension, preeclampsia, and the risk of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) remains unclear. Thus, we used a large cohort database to study the influence of maternal gestational hypertension and preeclampsia on the occurrence of ROP in preterm infants.METHODS:We used data from a previous retrospective cohort study that ...
Mileva-Seitz V - - 2012
The dopamine pathway and especially the dopamine receptors 1 and 2 (DRD1 and DRD2) are implicated in the regulation of mothering in rats. Evidence for this in humans is lacking. Here, we show that genetic variation in both DRD1 and DRD2 genes in a sample of 187 Caucasian mothers predicts ...
Marsoosi Vajihe - - 2012
The aim of this study is to determine whether Doppler indices predict intra-ventricular hemorrhage and perinatal mortality in fetal growth restricted pregnancies (FGR). In this cohort study, 43 FGR fetuses underwent multi-vessel Doppler ultrasounds weekly or twice weekly after admission. Blood gases of the umbilical cord were analyzed immediately after ...
Wilkinson Dominic J C - - 2012
Published guidelines for resuscitation of extremely premature infants emphasize the importance of the gestational age of the infant. However, some ethicists and pediatricians have questioned these guidelines, suggesting that this may represent a form of discrimination. A policy of nonresuscitation of elderly patients older than a certain age would constitute ...
Lorenz John M - - 2012
In population-based studies, the prevalence of neurodevelopmental disability is consistently higher in twins than singletons. This is largely because birth weight and gestational age (GA) distributions of twin births are shifted to the left when compared with singleton births, and lower birth weight and lower GA are associated with increased ...
Nakajima Y - - 2012
Intrauterine infection and inflammation are recognized as major contributors to the onset of preterm labor. We describe two cases of severe preterm labor with bulging membrane that were treated by intravenous injection of Sivelestat, a neutrophil elastase inhibitor. Ritodrine hydrochloride and magnesium sulfate were intravenously administered for tocolysis, and ampicillin ...
Burris Heather H - - 2012
Preterm birth affects over 12% of all infants born in the US yet the biology of early delivery remains unclear, including whether epigenetic mechanisms are involved. We examined associations of maternal and umbilical cord blood long interspersed nuclear element-1 (LINE-1) DNA methylation with length of gestation and odds of preterm ...
Gall Stanley A - - 2012
Pertussis disease in the United States has been increasing since 1976 and many states are reporting epidemics. Pertussis is more severe in infants less than 3 months of age and is characterized by high hospital admission rates, apnea of the infant. The CDC recommends that Tdap be administered to all ...
Anuranga C - - 2012
This study analyses the DHS 1993, 2000 and 2006-07 and NFSS 2009 survey data to investigate trends, inequalities and determinants of low birth weight (LBW) in Sri Lanka. We re-evaluated recent trends in LBW incidence, adjusting for changes in the coverage of DHS surveys to ensure comparability, and used multivariate ...
Queluz Mariângela Carletti - - 2012
The objective of this cross-sectional and quantitative study was to identify the prevalence and determinants of exclusive breastfeeding among infants less than six months of age in the city of Serrana, Sao Paulo, Brazil in 2009. A validated semi-structured questionnaire was administered to the guardians of the children less than ...
Ananth Cande V - - 2012
Twin births contribute disproportionately to the overall burden of perinatal morbidity and mortality in developed countries. Twins constitute 2%-4% of all births, and the rate of twining has increased by 76% between 1980 and 2009. The rate of preterm birth (<37 weeks) among twins is about 60%. Of all twin ...
Stuart Jennifer - - 2012
Analytic work with a pregnant woman may foster the psychological gestation of the self-as-mother. For the mother-as for the infant-the developmental process continues well beyond delivery. It should not surprise us, then, that many mothers continue to bring their babies to sessions after birth. Analytic work in this context can ...
Al-Abdi Sameer Y - - 2012
To study whether spontaneous preterm birth (SPB) is associated with maternal-newborn ABO blood phenotype pairs. We conducted a retrospective case-control study in the Department of Pediatrics, King Abdulaziz Hospital, Al-Ahsa, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. A total of 631 live singleton SPBs (less than 37 weeks) between August 2005 and May ...
Fledelius Hans Callø - - 2012
To validate a hypothesis of restricted postnatal ocular growth associated with advanced retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), with a view also to preceding intrauterine growth retardation. A clinically uniform sample of 28 preterm neonates was examined under general anesthesia from 1997 to 2002 for threshold retinopathy of prematurity (T-ROP), axial ultrasound ...
Tsai Ming-Luen - - 2012
"Late preterm" defines infants born at 34(0/7) through 36(6/7) weeks' gestation, which comprise a majority of preterm births. These infants were treated clinically as "near-term" in the past, but recent studies have implied increased morbidities that differentiate late preterm and term infants. The purpose of this study was to examine ...
Ande A B - - 2012
To analyse the characteristics and causes of maternal death in a referral tertiary health facility in Southern Nigeria. This is a facility- based review of 184 maternal deaths that occurred from January 2005 to June 2009. Primary causes of death and factors that contributed to maternal death including delay in ...
Steenkamp Malinda - - 2012
Objective: To examine the accuracy of birth counts for two remote Aboriginal communities in the Top End of the Northern Territory. Methods: We compared livebirth counts from community birth records with birth registration numbers and perinatal counts. Results: For 2004-06, for Community 1, there were 204 recorded local livebirths, 190 ...
Rodríguez G - - 2012
A systematic review to identify studies reporting the effects of n-3 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA) intake, during pregnancy and postnatally, on infants and young children's body composition was performed. A structured search strategy was performed in the MEDLINE (PubMed), EMBASE, and LILACS databases. Inclusion and exclusion criteria were ...
Bouvier-Colle M-H - - 2012
To assess capacity to develop routine monitoring of maternal health in the European Union using indicators of maternal mortality and severe morbidity. Analysis of aggregate data from routine statistical systems compiled by the EURO-PERISTAT project and comparison with data from national enquiries. Twenty-five countries in the European Union and Norway. ...
McManus Beth M - - 2012
Preterm infants are at risk for cognitive difficulties due to infant neurological immaturity and family social disadvantage, and this may be exacerbated by maternal depressive symptoms. This longitudinal study of infants born preterm (<35 weeks) or low birth weight (<2500 g) (n = 137) tests if maternal depressive symptoms at ...
Stapleton Lynlee R Tanner LR Department of Psychology, University of California, Los Angeles, 1285 Franz Hall, Box 951563, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1563, - - 2012
Maternal postpartum emotional distress is quite common and can pose significant risk to mothers and infants. The current study investigated mothers' relationships with their partners during pregnancy and tested the hypotheses that perception of prenatal partner support is a significant predictor of changes in maternal emotional distress from midpregnancy to ...
Kouwaki Masanori - - 2012
Aim: The individual motor elements presumed to be essential for motor development were determined from spontaneous movements involving the entire body of normal term and preterm infants. Then, diagnostic items for motor abnormality in infants with periventricular leukomalacia (PVL) were investigated. Methods: Video recordings of 24 healthy term infants, 21 ...
Bugge Merete - - 2012
Body stalk anomaly is a severe defect of the abdominal wall with uncovered thoracic and/or abdominal organs. The umbilical cord is absent or very short. Here I present epidemiological and clinical data on 16 infants with body stalk anomaly. The 16 infants represent 3.4% of the 469 infants ascertained in ...
da Silva Flora Mb - - 2012
Aim and objectives.  To identify maternal, newborn and obstetric factors associated with birth-related perineal trauma in one independent birth centre. Background.  Risk factors for birth-related perineal trauma include episiotomy, maternal age, ethnicity, parity and interventions during labour including use of oxytocin, maternal position at time of birth and infant birth ...
Song Y - - 2012
Objective:To explore the significance of neonatal body indices in identifying macrosomic infants, we compared the neonatal birth weight, body length, head circumference, chest circumference, neonatal body indices, Quetelet index (QI), Kaup Index (KI), head circumference to chest circumference ratio (HC/CC) and maternal fasting blood glucose (BG) for both diabetic and ...
Auger Nathalie - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: We evaluated temporal and regional inequalities in adverse birth outcomes between Anglophones and Francophones of a Canadian province. METHODS: Odds ratios and rate differences in preterm birth (PTB, <37 gestational weeks) and small-for-gestational-age (SGA) birth were computed for Anglophones relative to Francophones for singleton live births in Québec from ...
Pappas Athina A Department of Pediatrics, Children's Hospital of Michigan and Hutzel Women's Hospital, Wayne State University, 3901 Beaubien, Detroit, MI 48201, USA. - - 2012
Little is known about the outcomes of extremely low birth weight (ELBW) preterm infants with congenital heart defects (CHDs). The aim of this study was to assess the mortality, morbidity, and early childhood outcomes of ELBW infants with isolated CHD compared with infants with no congenital defects. Participants were 401-1,000 ...
Raineki Charlis - - 2012
Neonatal handling is an experimental procedure used to understand how early-life adversity can negatively affect neurobehavioral development and place animals on a pathway to pathology. Decreased preference for the maternal odor during infancy is one of many behavioral deficits induced by neonatal handling. Here, we hypothesize that deficits in maternal ...
Crippa Isabella - - 2012
Objective To evaluate the influence of intrauterine growth on intact neurological outcome at 12 to 24 months in a cohort of infants weighing <1500 g at birth.Study Design This retrospective study was conducted in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Milano-Bicocca, San Gerardo Hospital, Monza, Italy. Perinatal variables ...
Belizán José M - - 2012
To determine population-based neonatal mortality rates in low- and middle-income countries and to examine gestational age, birth weight, and timing of death to assess the potentially preventable neonatal deaths. A prospective observational study was conducted in communities in five low-income countries (Kenya, Zambia, Guatemala, India, and Pakistan) and one middle-income ...
de Zegher Francis - - 2012
Prenatal growth restraint, if followed by postnatal overweight, confers risk for adult disease including diabetes. The mechanisms whereby neonatal nutrition may modulate such risk are poorly understood. We studied the effects of nutrition (breast-feeding [BRF] vs. formula-feeding [FOF]) on weight partitioning and endocrine state (as judged by high-molecular-weight [HMW] adiponectin ...
Lee Wesley W Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Baylor College of Medicine and Texas Children's Hospital, 6651 Main Street, Suite 1020, Houston, TX 77030, USA. - - 2012
(1) Develop reference ranges of neonatal adiposity using air displacement plethysmography. (2) Use new reference ranges for neonatal adiposity to compare two different methods of evaluating neonatal nutritional status. Three hundred and twenty-four normal neonates (35-41 weeks post-menstrual age) had body fat (%BF) and total fat mass (FM, g) measured ...
Juárez Sol - - 2012
Juárez S, Alonso Ortíz T, Ramiro-Fariñas D, Bolúmar F. The quality of Vital Statistics for studying perinatal health: the Spanish case. Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology 2012; ••: ••-••. Background:  Birthweight and gestational age are key indicators for perinatal health obtained through the birth certificate. Knowing the validity of birth certificate ...
Daoud Nihaya - - 2012
This study aims to better understand the social ecology of infant care (IC) as experienced and perceived by mothers living in a deprived Arab Bedouin community in Israel, where children's health indicators are poor. We used the integrative model of García Coll et al. (García Coll C, Lamberty G, Jenkins ...
Smith P Brian - - 2012
We sought to determine if a center's approach to care of premature infants at the youngest gestational ages (22-24 weeks' gestation) is associated with clinical outcomes among infants of older gestational ages (25-27 weeks' gestation). Inborn infants of 401 to 1000 g birth weight and 22 0/7 to 27 6/7 ...
Gonzalez Andrea - - 2012
Research suggests that early life adversity may affect subsequent parenting. Animal studies investigating mechanisms of transmission have focused on biological factors; whereas research in humans has emphasized cognitive and psychosocial factors. We hypothesized that neuropsychological and physiological factors would act as mediators between maternal retrospective reports of early life experiences ...
Damota Katie - - 2012
Background: While hospital policies and medical issues are important factors in determining exclusive breastfeeding rates, medically unnecessary supplementation of infants is likely to be due, in part, to maternal request for formula.Objectives: The goal of this project was to gain an understanding of the facilitating factors and decision-making processes surrounding ...
Berg Astrid A University of Cape Town and Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital, Cape Town. - - 2012
Access to infant and child psychiatric care in South Africa is limited. With focus on maternal and infant mental health, early identification and management of developmental, behavioural and psychosocial parent-child problems can be initiated. To establish a mental health service for children aged 0 - 3 years, for delivery of ...
Odd David Edward DE Neonatal Unit, Southmead Hospital, Bristol, UK. - - 2012
To investigate whether infants born late preterm have poorer cognitive outcomes than term-born infants. A cohort study based on the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children. Cognitive measures were assessed between the ages of 8 and 11 years. Exposure groups were defined as moderate/late preterm (32-36 weeks' gestation) or ...
Retnakaran Ravi - - 2012
The delivery of excess maternal nutrients to the fetus is known to increase the risk of macrosomia, even among infants of women without gestational diabetes mellitus. With the current obesity epidemic, maternal adiposity and its associated effects on circulating adipokines and inflammatory proteins may now have a greater impact on ...
Ingelfinger Julie R - - 2012
J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich). 2012; 14:365-371. ©2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. The concept of developmental origins of adult disease derives from both epidemiologic and basic sciences. This brief review considers the impact of the intrauterine milieu, intrauterine growth retardation, premature birth, and infant feeding on later hypertension and kidney disease.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >