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Goldberg Wendy A WA Department of Psychology and Social Behavior, School of Social Ecology, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697, USA. - - 2013
Transactional models of parenting and infant sleep call attention to bidirectional associations among parenting, the biosocial environment, and infant sleep behaviors. Although night waking and bedtime fussing are normative during infancy and early childhood, they can be challenging for parents. The current study, conducted in the United States between 2003 ...
Salihu Hamisu M - - 2012
To examine the association between prior infant mortality and subsequent risk for small for gestational age (SGA). This population-based, retrospective cohort study used the Missouri maternally linked, longitudinal dataset (1989-2005). Analyses were restricted to women who had two singleton pregnancies during the study period. Logistic regression was conducted to obtain ...
Partridge Sarah - - 2012
Objective To evaluate the association between adequacy of prenatal care utilization and risk of fetal and neonatal mortality and adverse outcomes.Methods We conducted a population-based cohort study using the Center for Disease Control and Prevention's Linked Birth-Infant Death and Fetal Death data on all deliveries in the United States between ...
Li Xinjun - - 2012
To examine, nationwide, if there is an association between country of birth in mothers and preterm birth and to study whether any such association remains in second-generation immigrant women. In this follow-up study, a nationwide research database located at Lund University, Sweden, was used to identify all preterm born singletons ...
Harteman J C - - 2012
BACKGROUND: A periventricular haemorrhagic infarction (PVHI) is a complication of preterm birth with serious consequences. While various risk factors are recognized, little is known about the role of the placenta in the pathogenetic pathway of this type of white matter injury. AIM: To evaluate prenatal, maternal and neonatal risk factors ...
Peter M - - 2012
The premature transition from fetal to neonatal life is accompanied by an immature respiratory neural control system. Most preterm infants exhibit recurrent apnea, resulting in repetitive oscillations in O(2) saturation (intermittent hypoxia, IH). Numerous factors are likely to play a role in the etiology of apnea including inputs from the ...
Fall Caroline H D CH MRC Lifecourse Epidemiology Unit, University of Southampton, Southampton General Hospital, Southampton, Hampshire, SO16 6YD, UK. - - 2013
The "developmental origins of health and disease" (DOHaD) hypothesis proposes that environmental conditions during fetal and early post-natal development influence lifelong health and capacity through permanent effects on growth, structure and metabolism. This has been called 'programming'. The hypothesis is supported by epidemiological evidence in humans linking newborn size, and ...
Swanson Vivien - - 2012
Developing maternal self-efficacy offsets negative psychological consequences of premature birth, improving maternal well-being. We investigated women's experiences in a neonatal unit (NNU) in Scotland in semistructured interviews with 19 primiparous mothers of preterm babies. We explored their experience of preterm birth and development of self-efficacy in infant feeding behaviors, identifying ...
Wallace Maeve E - - 2012
Pregnant adolescents experience elevated rates of adverse birth outcomes compared to older mothers. Positive deviance inquiry is the identification of uncommon behaviors and traits that result in better health outcomes for individuals in a population that shares similar risks. The purpose of our study was to utilize a positive deviance ...
Westover Alana J - - 2012
infection or inflammation is common in cases of preterm birth. Preterm infants are at risk of acute respiratory distress as a result of lung immaturity; evidence of exposure to infection/inflammation before birth is associated with reduced risk of neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). Experimentally induced intrauterine inflammation or infection in ...
Cetinkaya Merih - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is an important cause of mortality and morbidity in preterm infants. AIMS: To evaluate the effect of maternal preeclampsia on the development and severity of NEC in premature infants. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective observational study in a tertiary neonatal intensive care unit. SUBJECTS: The preterm infants of ...
Weber Ashley M - - 2012
Premature infants confront numerous physiologic and environmental stressors in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) that have the potential to permanently alter their neurodevelopment. Schore's regulation theory postulates that positive maternal-infant interactions can shape the infant's developmental outcomes through inducing mechanistic changes in brain structure and function. The purposes of ...
Rochow Niels - - 2012
OBJECTIVES:Higher than expected small for gestational age (SGA) rates and lower than expected large for gestational age (LGA) rates have been observed. A possible explanation is a leftward shift of percentile curves for birth weight due to a systematic error in plotting birth weight values in charts (ie, plotting weekly ...
Srisukhumbowornchai Sivithee - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Maternal self-report is the most common method for assessment of past cigarette exposure to assess birth defect risk. This study compared maternal smoking prior to and during pregnancy based on self-reports obtained from the medical records abstracted for the Utah Birth Defect Network (UBDN), the birth certificate, and the ...
Ode Katie Larson KL Department of Pediatrics, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, USA. - - 2012
To investigate the relationship between maternal prepregnancy body mass index and early infant growth and body composition. Prospective cohort study performed at a university hospital/surrounding community. Ninety-seven nondiabetic mothers with singleton, term, healthy infants completed study visits at 2 weeks and 3 months of age. Before pregnancy, 59 mothers were ...
Wu Kusheng - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) has applications in numerous industrial and consumer products. The widespread prevalence of PFOA in humans demonstrated in recent studies has drawn considerable interest from the public. We aimed to evaluate the exposure of mothers to PFOA and the potential hazards to neonates in a primitive electronic ...
Mulligan Connie J - - 2012
Early life experiences, including those in utero, have been linked to increased risk for adult-onset chronic disease. The underlying assumption is that there is a critical period of developmental plasticity in utero when selection of the fetal phenotype that is best adapted to the intrauterine environment occurs. The current study ...
Mukhopadhyay S - - 2013
To determine (a) the proportion of asymptomatic infants born at ≥35 weeks gestation evaluated for early-onset sepsis (EOS) and exposed to postnatal antibiotics; (b) reasons for and outcomes of the evaluations, and (c) anticipated changes when applying the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) 2010 guidelines to this study ...
Goldstein R F RF Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA. - - 2013
To determine whether death and/or neurodevelopmental impairment (NDI) after severe intracranial hemorrhage (ICH; grade 3 or 4) differs by gestational age (GA) at birth in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants. Demographic, perinatal and neonatal factors potentially contributing to NDI for ELBW infants (23 to 28 weeks gestation) were obtained ...
Wilson Megan S - - 2012
Introduction: Due to the controversy surrounding diagnostic ultrasound evaluations and elective preterm delivery of fetuses with gastroschisis, we sought to calculate the predictive value of bowel dilation in fetuses with gastroschisis and evaluate the effect of preterm delivery on neonatal outcomes. Materials and Methods: Ultrasounds and medical records of 103 ...
Ka┼łková Sárka - - 2012
Toxoplasmosis, a zoonosis caused by a protozoan, Toxoplasma gondii, is probably the most widespread human parasitosis in developed countries. Pregnant women with latent toxoplasmosis have seemingly younger fetuses especially in the 16th week of gestation, which suggests that fetuses of Toxoplasma-infected mothers have slower rates of development in the first ...
Aikawa Tomomi - - 2012
This study explored the association between mothers' work-related factors and breastfeeding practices in Bangkok, Thailand. Data were collected from 84 working mothers with a child aged 6 to 24 months who visited the breastfeeding mobile clinic at a nursery goods exhibition. Thai interviewers collected data using a structured questionnaire. Analysis ...
Yamada Takahiro - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Although abruptio placentae causes hypoxia in the infant and thus leading to cerebral palsy (CP), its incidence and clinical features at a nationwide level have not been demonstrated. AIMS: To determine the proportion of abruptio placentae among antenatal and intrapartum causative factors leading to cerebral palsy (CP) and clinical ...
Ibrahimou Boubakari - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of the day of birth on twin mortality in a population sample. METHODS: We analyzed weekend versus weekday twin births from the United States national twin birth data for the periods 1989-2002. We computed adjusted hazard ratios (HR) and 95 % confidence intervals (CI) to assess ...
Lavezzi Anna M AM "Lino Rossi" Research Center for the Study and Prevention of Unexpected Perinatal Death and SIDS, Department of Biomedical, Surgical and Dental Sciences, University of Milan, Italy. - - 2012
The study aims were twofold: 1) identify the localization and the cytoarchitecture of the retrotrapezoid nucleus (RTN) in the human fetus and infant and 2) ascertain if the RTN, given its essential role in animal studies for the maintenance of breathing and chemoreception, showed abnormalities in victims of sudden perinatal ...
Kumar Chandan - - 2012
The increased reach of health programs in India during the past few decades has contributed to a decline in postnatal mortality including infant and child mortality; however, reduction in neonatal mortality remained negligible. About seven out of ten neonatal deaths take place within a week after birth. The progress in ...
Hendricks-Muñoz Karen D - - 2012
Objective The purpose of this study was to analyze the association of maternal antenatal therapy on initial preterm infant oral microbial acquisition of gut metabolically important bacteria: Firmicutes, Bacteroidetes, Lactobacillus, Bifidobacterium, and Bacteroides species.Study Design Infant oral samples were collected prefeeding at 24 hours and analyzed using group-specific primers by ...
Ahmed Azza - - 2012
The purpose of this study is to describe an interactive web-based breastfeeding monitoring system (LACTOR), illustrate its components, explain the theoretical framework, and discuss its assessment as a model for an innovative breastfeeding support intervention. Based on the self-regulation model from Bandura Social Cognitive Theory, we have developed an interactive ...
Hayes Breda C - - 2012
ObjectiveTo determine placental characteristics associated with neonatal encephalopathy (NE) and correlate these with short- and long-term neurodevelopmental outcome.DesignCase/control study.SettingNeonatal Intensive Care Unit, Rotunda Hospital, Dublin, Ireland.PatientsNewborns ≥36 weeks gestation, with NE (cases). Healthy term newborns (controls).InterventionsPlacental pathology was obtained from the official placental report. Brain MRI was blindly reviewed. Children ...
Mistry Hiten D - - 2012
Pregnancy during adolescence increases the risk of adverse pregnancy outcome, especially small-for-gestational-age (SGA) birth, which has been linked to micronutrient deficiencies. Smoking has been shown to be related to lower micronutrient concentrations. Different ethnicities have not been examined. We used a subset from a prospective observational study, the About Teenage ...
Pasternak Björn B Department of Epidemiology Research, Statens Serum Institut, Artillerivej 5, 2300 Copenhagen S, Denmark. - - 2012
Assessment of the fetal safety of vaccination against influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 in pregnancy has been limited. To investigate whether exposure to an adjuvanted influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 vaccine during pregnancy was associated with increased risk of adverse fetal outcomes. Registry-based cohort study based on all liveborn singleton infants in Denmark, delivered between November ...
Kamble Vaibhav D - - 2012
Cleft lip and palate deformity is a congenital defect of the middle third of the face. Incidence varies from 1:500 to 1:2500 live births. Etiology depends upon hereditary and environmental factors. Restoration of these defects is important not only for functional and esthetic reasons, but also because there may be ...
Werner Elizabeth - - 2012
Distress-linked activation of the maternal hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA)-axis is considered a pathway by which affect regulation impacts the fetal milieu and neurodevelopment. There is little direct evidence for this conceptual model. In 103 women [mean age 27.45 (±5.65) years] at 36-38 weeks gestation, salivary cortisol was measured before/after stress tasks; distress ...
Srinivasjois Ravisha M - - 2012
Background. Differences in birth outcomes such as low birthweight (LBW), preterm births (PTB), stillbirth, differences in birthweight in Black vs. White race are well known. Infants born to biracial parents (mother and father from either Black and White races) also experience higher adverse birth outcomes. Objective. To systematically review and ...
Bonsante Francesco - - 2012
Objective Evidence supports the efficacy of probiotics in reducing necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in very low-birth-weight infants, although concerns remain with regard to their routine use. Since 2008 in our neonatal intensive care unit, a low dose of probiotics (unique strain) is administered as standard of care in all preterm babies ...
Pakrashi Tarita - - 2012
Objective To compare the relative contribution of premature rupture of membranes (PROM) to preterm births in singleton compared with multifetal gestations.Study Design A population-based retrospective cohort study of 291,782 nonanomalous live births in the state of Ohio from January 1, 2006, to December 31, 2007, identified through birth certificate data. ...
Kozeis Nicolaos - - 2012
Objective Early exposure of preterm infants to visual stimulation could affect the process of visual maturation. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of prematurity on visual function at 15 months post-term.Subjects and Methods Visual function was assessed in 102 preterm (PTI) and 50 full-term infants (FTI) ...
Lee Jennifer W - - 2012
Objective To determine the incidence of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in an intensive care nursery in the Dominican Republic and to identify factors that impact ROP outcomes, screening, and treatment.Study Design A database analysis was performed. The database was prospectively created by the pediatric ophthalmologist in a public maternity hospital ...
Holtrop P - - 2012
Objective:To compare the characteristics of infants born at 22 weeks gestational age (GA) who were resuscitated at birth with those of infants who were not resuscitated.Study Design:We reviewed records of all the infants with a GA of 22 0/7 through 22 6/7 weeks who were born alive at William Beaumont ...
Brown Amy - - 2012
AIM: To explore reasons underlying cessation of breastfeeding in mothers with uncomplicated vaginal deliveries and those experiencing complications during childbirth. BACKGROUND: Interventions during labour and childbirth can have a negative impact on breastfeeding. Explanations include adverse reactions to medication, delayed breastfeeding initiation, and disruption of the normal endocrinology of childbirth. ...
Ozkan Hilal - - 2012
Abstract Objective: The aims of the study were to determine the effect of preeclampsia on bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) development in preterm infants and to investigate the possible association between BPD severity and preeclampsia. Methods: The study group involved preterm infants (≤32 gestational week) born to a preeclamptic mother with no ...
Eriksen Willy - - 2012
The aim was to determine the difference in intelligence between singletons and twins in young adulthood. Data from the Medical Birth Register of Norway were linked with register data from the Norwegian National Conscript Service. The study base consisted of data on the 445,463 males who were born alive in ...
Andrade Susan E SE Meyers Primary Care Institute and University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA, USA. - - 2013
To evaluate the validity of health plan and birth certificate data for pregnancy research. A retrospective study was conducted using administrative and claims data from 11 U.S. health plans and corresponding birth certificate data from state health departments. Diagnoses, drug dispensings, and procedure codes were used to identify infant outcomes ...
Kumar Sarath - - 2012
Aims:  To develop postnatal percentile growth charts for Indian very low birth weight (VLBW) appropriate for gestational age (AGA) babies till 37 weeks post conceptional age (PCA). Methods:  Prospective, mixed longitudinal study in 105 VLBW AGA (male 73 and female 32) babies weighing <1500 g and <34 weeks gestation born over 1 year. All ...
Wendt Amanda - - 2012
Short inter-pregnancy intervals (IPIs) have been associated with adverse maternal and infant health outcomes in the literature. However, many studies in this area have been lacking in quality and appropriate control for confounders known to be associated with both short IPIs and poor outcomes. The objective of this systematic review ...
Cooley S M - - 2012
Our objective was to compare Ponderal index (PI) with birth weight centiles as predictors of perinatal morbidity and to determine which best reflects the presence of placental disease. We prospectively recruited 1,011 low-risk primigravidas and calculated PI and birth weight centiles following delivery. Perinatal morbidity was defined as: pre-term birth ...
Gibbs Cassandra M - - 2012
The objective of this review was to assess whether early age at first childbirth is associated with increased risk of poor pregnancy outcomes. Early age at childbirth is variously defined in studies of its effect on maternal and infant health. In this systematic review, we limit analysis to studies of ...
Andres Aline - - 2012
Although there is evidence that maternal prepregnancy obesity (body mass index [BMI; calculated as kg/m(2)] ≥30) results in elevated risk of obesity in the offspring later in life, maternal prepregnancy overweight (BMI 25 to 29.9) has not been clearly demonstrated as a risk factor for the future development of obesity ...
Wu Guoyao - - 2012
This review paper highlights mechanisms for nutritional regulation of maternal health and fetal development. Malnutrition (nutrient deficiencies or obesity) in pregnant women adversely affects their health by causing or exacerbating a plethora of problems, such as anaemia, maternal haemorrhage, insulin resistance, and hypertensive disorders (e.g. pre-eclampsia/eclampsia). Maternal malnutrition during gestation ...
Abuhandan Mahmut - - 2012
The study aimed to research the effect of maternal age at pregnancy on the paraoxonase (PON) and arylesterase activity levels of mothers and infants. The study comprised 30 mothers aged more than 35 years and their infants, and 30 mothers aged under 25 years and their infants. All pregnancies had ...
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