Search Results
Results 651 - 700 of 1358
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Miskovic Vladimir - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: We examined the effects of extremely low birth weight (ELBW<1000 g) on adult brain functioning. METHODS: We measured baseline regional EEG spectral power and hemispheric coherence in a cohort of 154 (M age=23 years) non-impaired young adults who were born at ELBW (n=71; M birth weight=874 g, M gestation ...
Pizzardi A - - 2008
The prognostic value of the single items of a standardised neurological examination, the Hammersmith Infant Neurologic Examination (HINE), was explored longitudinally in 658 infants at 3, 6, 9 and 12 months post-term age. ROC curves were built based on the presence/absence of cerebral palsy at 2 years of age. Global ...
Toet Mona C - - 2008
Amplitude-integrated electroencephalography (aEEG) plays an important role in integrated care of the full-term infant with neonatal encephalopathy. The three main features that are provided with aEEG are the background pattern on admission and the rate of recovery seen during the first 24 to 48 hours after birth, the presence of ...
Foran A A Imaging Sciences Department, Imperial College, London, - - 2009
To document perinatal events, brain imaging, neurophysiology and clinical outcome in term infants with early postnatal collapse (PNC). Tertiary referral centre, retrospective case review (1993-2006). Infants born at > or =36 weeks' gestation with early (<72 h) PNC. Peri-partum and post-collapse data were collated with clinical, electrophysiological, neuroimaging and autopsy ...
Wang Kang - - 2008
Optimization of combining electroencephalography (EEG), short latency somatosensory evoked potentials (SLSEP) and transcranial Doppler (TCD) techniques to diagnose brain death. One hundred and eleven patients (69 males, 42 females) from the major hospitals of Zhejiang Province were examined with portable EEG, SLSEP and TCD devices. Re-examinations occurred < or =12 ...
Amess P - - 2009
AIM: To assess the value of term neurological examination and cranial ultrasound in the early prediction of neurological outcome at 12 months corrected age in a cohort of very preterm infants. METHODS: A cohort of 102 preterm infants born at <32 weeks gestation or with a birth weight of <1500 ...
Sunagawa Shinpei - - 2009
Matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1) play important roles in the function of the blood-brain-barrier (BBB). We investigated the roles of MMP-9 and TIMP-1 in the pathogenesis of hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy following perinatal asphyxia. Serum concentrations of MMP-9 and TIMP-1 were determined by ELISA in 12 neonates with ...
Gkoltsiou Konstantina K Department of Paediatrics and Imaging Sciences, Imperial College, Hammersmith Hospital, London W12 0HS, - - 2008
To describe cranial ultrasound (cUS) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings in neonates at risk of kernicterus, in relation to gestational age (GA), total serum bilirubin (TSB), age at imaging and neurodevelopmental outcome. Neonates with peak TSB > 400 micromol/L and/or signs of bilirubin encephalopathy. Review of neonatal data, cUS, ...
Shankaran Seetha S Department of Pediatrics, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, Michigan, USA. - - 2008
Whole-body hypothermia reduced the frequency of death or moderate/severe disabilities in neonates with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy in a randomized, controlled multicenter trial. Our goal was to evaluate outcomes of safety and effectiveness of hypothermia in infants up to 18 to 22 months of age. A priori outcomes were evaluated between hypothermia ...
Imo A O C - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: This study is aimed at determining the pattern of abnormalities in the Hysterosalpingograms of patients who attended the Radiology Unit of Ebonyi State University Teaching Hospital, Abakaliki. METHOD: The 188 hysterosalpingograms conducted between January 2002 to December 2005 were analysed.. RESULTS: The mean age in this study was 31 ...
Iype Mary - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine the sequelae of neonatal seizures in a cohort of newborns, recruited over a six month period. DESIGN: Prospective hospital based study. SETTING: The neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) of a tertiary care hospital. PARTICIPANTS: 135 babies were recruited of whom 10 died and 25 were lost to ...
Lukásková Jana - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: This study was based on foreign studies which confirmed the importance of amplitude-integrated electroencefalographic monitoring (aEEG) in the early prediction of the future neurological development of newborn infants with hypoxic syndrome. Our aim was to confirm the correlation between the type of aEEG trace and the level of brain ...
Kidokoro H - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of a combination of electroencephalogram (EEG) and flash visual evoked potentials (FVEPs) for predicting periventricular leukomalacia (PVL) in the early days of life. STUDY DESIGN: Eighty-six of 108 infants admitted to Anjo Kosei Hospital during 1998 through 2000 were ...
Field Tiffany - - 2008
In the space of two decades, research has moved from documenting the associations between frontal EEG asymmetry profiles and positive/negative affect, to later reinterpreting these as approach/withdrawal behavior patterns, to documenting individual differences in relationships between EEG and temperament and inhibition/uninhibition. The research has associated greater relative right frontal EEG ...
Genizi Jacob - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to estimate the prevalence of neurological causes for apparent life-threatening events in infants and assess the neurological work-up mandatory to diagnose such diagnosis, hypothesizing that acute neurological disorders constitute the most common etiology for such an acute event. A retrospective chart review allocated 93 ...
Philippi Heike - - 2008
PURPOSE: A retrospective study for a classification of prehypsarrhythmic elecroencephalographies (EEGs) was carried out to enable an early treatment option for West syndrome. METHODS: Out of 39 infants with symptomatic West syndrome, 18 infants (age 3-14 months) with 61 serial non-REM sleep EEG records of the prehypsarrhythmic phase were identified. ...
Chawla Janet - - 2008
This paper explores the notions of the subtle body and how it has given shape and life to birth rituals and notions in the Dai tradition.
Bonkowsky Joshua L - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Apparent life-threatening events in infants constitute a significant challenge for health care providers. Apparent life-threatening event evaluation and management are poorly defined, and outcomes have not been clearly determined. Our objectives were to characterize short- and long-term risks for death, child abuse, and abnormal neurological outcomes of infants after ...
de Vries N K S - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To assess the quality of general movements (GMs) in the first fourteen days of life in relation to obstetric and postnatal risk factors and neurodevelopmental outcome in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants. STUDY DESIGN: The GMs of nineteen infants were assessed on days 2, 4, 6, 10 and ...
Morel Anne-Sophie - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Pearson marrow-pancreas syndrome (PS) is usually a fatal mitochondrial disease, mostly diagnosed during infancy or postmortem. PS is caused by the deletions or duplications of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). The tissue distribution and relative proportions of expressed abnormal mtDNA determine the phenotype and the clinical course. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We ...
Leijser Lara M - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Periventricular white matter (WM) echodensities, frequently seen in preterm infants, can be associated with suboptimal neurodevelopment. Major WM injury is well detected on cranial ultrasound (cUS). cUS seems less sensitive for diffuse or more subtle WM injury. Our aim was to assess the value of cUS and magnetic resonance ...
Adams-Chapman Ira - - 2008
Prevention of neurologic injury to the fetus through skilled and attentive care during the peripartum period is designed to identify signs of fetal distress so that appropriate obstetric interventions can occur. The impact of mode of delivery on neurologic outcome varies depending on the clinical indication for cesarean delivery and ...
Oh William W Department of Pediatrics, Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, RI, - - 2008
To assess the association between urinary lactate to creatinine ratio (ULCR) and neurodevelopmental outcome in term infants with hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy and examine the effect of hypothermia on the change in ULCR. Spot urine samples were collected in 58 term infants (28 hypothermia, 30 control subjects) with hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy. ...
Wang Lan-Wan - - 2008
AIM: To determine the developmental trajectories of very-low-birthweight (VLBW) infants during the first 2 years of life, and investigate the most contributory predictors of diverse trajectories. METHODS: This prospective cohort study enrolled 887 VLBW infants from January 1999 to December 2002 with regular follow-up at corrected age of 6, 12, ...
van Schie P E M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Assessment of general movements (GMs) at three months is considered useful for prediction of adverse neurological outcome in high risk infants. AIMS: To study the prevalence of abnormal GMs in infants born from women with early-onset hypertensive disorders of pregnancy and the association of GMs with neurodevelopmental outcome at ...
Maguire, Celeste M.
This thesis examines the effect of developmental care in a tertiary NICU in 2 locations in the Netherlands on preterm infants born < 32 weeks gestational age. Following a pilot study with 22 preterm infants and their parents, two consecutive randomized controlled trials (n=179, n=164) in which first basic developmental ...
Spittle Alicia J - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Preterm infants are at an increased risk for abnormalities of general movements, which predict subsequent poor neurodevelopmental outcome. The cerebral lesion that predisposes the preterm infant to abnormal general movements remains unknown. The objective of this study was to determine the association between MRI-defined cerebral abnormalities and general movements ...
Small Susan A - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Two-channel recordings of infants' air- and bone-conduction auditory brainstem responses to brief tones show ipsilateral and contralateral (to the stimulated ear) asymmetries which may be used to isolate which cochlea is the primary contributor to the response. The objective of this study was to determine whether similar ipsilateral/contralateral asymmetries ...
Pfurtscheller Klaus - - 2008
One objective of this paper is to confirm the coupling between heart rate (HR) changes and electroencephalographic (EEG) bursts (as reported for the first time in Pfurtscheller et al. [K. Pfurtscheller, G.R. Müller-Putz, B. Urlesberger, W. Müller, G. Pfurtscheller, Relationship between slow-wave EEG bursts and heart rate changes in preterm ...
Fowler Elizabeth A - - 2008
This study evaluates the neurologic profiles of infants with deformational plagiocephaly. Forty-nine infants with deformational plagiocephaly between the ages of 4 and 13 months (mean age, 8.1 months) are evaluated, along with 50 age-matched control subjects (mean age, 8.1 months). A modified version of the Hammersmith infant neurologic assessment was ...
Azzopardi Dennis D Division of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, UK. - - 2008
A hypoxic-ischaemic insult occurring around the time of birth may result in an encephalopathic state characterised by the need for resuscitation at birth, neurological depression, seizures and electroencephalographic abnormalities. There is an increasing risk of death or neurodevelopmental abnormalities with more severe encephalopathy. Current management consists of maintaining physiological parameters ...
Löfhede J J School of Engineering, University College of BoraƟ, Sweden. - - 2008
Hidden Markov Models (HMM) and Support Vector Machines (SVM) using unsupervised and supervised training, respectively, were compared with respect to their ability to correctly classify burst and suppression in neonatal EEG. Each classifier was fed five feature signals extracted from EEG signals from six full term infants who had suffered ...
Khan Richard Lester - - 2008
The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship of sequential neonatal electroencephalography (EEG) and neurological outcome in neonates with seizures to identify polysomnographic features predictive of outcome. Sequential EEGs recordings of 58 neonates that belonged to 2 historical cohorts of newborns with seizures from the same neonatal intensive ...
Flores Guevara Roberto - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this prospective and longitudinal study was to characterize EEG patterns during the first weeks of life in extremely premature infants. METHODS: Twenty-five extremely premature infants were included and weekly EEG recordings were obtained between 24 and 36 weeks of conceptional age (CA). RESULTS: Central (rolandic) positive ...
Suppiej Agnese - - 2008
The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of inherited thrombophilia in 'peri-neonatal arterial ischemic stroke' (AIS), and its possible correlation with type of stroke and long-term neurological outcome. A cohort of twenty-four infants affected by AIS were analysed for risk factors, clinical and neuroradiological features, coagulation and ...
Sarkar S - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Amplitude-integrated electroencephalography (aEEG) has been used adjunctively to identify infants suitable for hypothermic neuroprotection following severe intrapartum asphyxia. To determine whether an early aEEG predicts short-term adverse outcome in infants with significant hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) evaluated for hypothermic neuroprotection. STUDY DESIGN: The aEEG recordings were obtained within 6 h ...
Gunn Alistair J AJ Department of Physiology, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand. - - 2008
To evaluate whether therapeutic hypothermia alters the prognostic value of clinical grading of neonatal encephalopathy. This study was a secondary analysis of a multicenter study of 234 term infants with neonatal encephalopathy randomized to head cooling for 72 hours starting within 6 hours of birth, with rectal temperature maintained at ...
Romeo D M M - - 2007
The aim of this study was to follow the evolution of neurological findings in a cohort of near-term infants born between 35 and 37 weeks. A total of 448 infants born between 35 and 36.9 weeks gestational age with normal cranial ultrasonograms or only minor abnormalities, were studied using the ...
Poindron P - - 2007
We investigated whether kids were able to discriminate their own mother from an alien one in a two-choice test on the day of birth when they had access to acoustic, visual and olfactory cues from their mother, and whether this discrimination depended on the selective maternal behaviour of the mother ...
Molloy Eleanor J - - 2007
Systemic hypoxia-ischemia at birth may alter the neonatal neutrophil phenotype. In this study, we evaluated alterations in perinatal neutrophil phenotype following systemic hypoxia-ischemia compared with normal controls. Neutrophils from adults (n = 15), normal newborns (n = 20), newborns requiring resuscitation at birth (n = 17), and their respective maternal ...
Romeo Domenico Marco Maurizio - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the possible additional benefit in terms of prognostic accuracy of an integrated application of a traditional scorable method of neurologic examination and the Prechtl's method of qualitative assessment of general movements (GMs) in a large population of 903 consecutive preterm infants. STUDY DESIGN: Infants were enrolled from ...
Dudink J - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Periventricular haemorrhagic infarction (PVHI) is a complication of preterm birth that may lead to impairment and disability. Early diagnosis is possible by cranial ultrasonography (CUS). Extensive PVHI lesions can be graded using a scoring system that relates to outcome, based on CUS characteristics. Data on more subtle unilateral forms ...
Spitzmiller R Edwin - - 2007
Hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy is a common cause of neurological complications resulting in chronic handicapping conditions, such as cerebral palsy. Amplitude-integrated electroencephalography (EEG) has been used in many European countries for more than a decade in the evaluation of infants with hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy but has not been widely used in ...
Poblano Adrián - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To assess the contribution of neonatal electroencephalogram (EEG) and its correlation with the neurological examination at age of 9 months in newborns with bacterial neonatal meningitis. METHOD: Twenty seven infants were studied with positive cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) culture for bacteria. We used the worse EEG result during acute phase ...
Falip Céline - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Postnatal imaging and clinical outcome of fetuses with isolated mild ventriculomegaly (IMV) have never been systematically analysed. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the postnatal clinical outcomes of a large cohort of fetuses with IMV and to correlate them with pre- and postnatal imaging. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We report a prospective study ...
van Rooij Linda G M - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated seizure, patient characteristics, and neurodevelopmental outcome of term newborns with amplitude-integrated electroencephalography-detected status epilepticus. METHODS: Fifty-six term infants with status epilepticus were identified during a 12.5-year period. The time of onset of status epilepticus, background pattern before and after status epilepticus, success of controlling status epilepticus ...
Sano Masaki - - 2007
CONCLUSIONS: While infants under the age of 1 year exhibited a high rate of abnormal intensities in the middle ear and mastoid cavities, older infants showed no abnormal intensities in these regions. From the signal intensity on T1- and T2-weighted MRI, the abnormal intensities in the middle ear cavity were ...
Canario L - - 2007
The objective of the study was to estimate genetic trends from 1977 to 1998 in the French Large White (LW) breed for stillbirth and associated traits measured at farrowing using frozen semen. Two groups of pigs (G77 and G98) were obtained by inseminating LW sows with semen from LW boars ...
Paro-Panjan Darja - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Benign neonatal sleep myoclonus (BNSM) is characterised by myoclonic jerks that occur only during sleep and stop abruptly when the child is aroused. It is a benign condition that is frequently confused with epileptic seizures during infancy. AIMS: The purpose of this study was to examine the clinical characteristics ...
Endoh Fumika - - 2007
To clarify the characteristics of the mode of appearance and morphology of epileptiform discharges before the onset of West syndrome (WS). The subjects were 25 infants whose electroencephalograms (EEGs) were recorded before the onset of WS and whose first EEG was recorded before 6 months of corrected age (CA). We ...
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