Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 1356
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Marsit Carmen J - - 2012
There is growing evidence that the intrauterine environment can impact the neurodevelopment of the fetus through alterations in the functional epigenome of the placenta. In the placenta, the HSD11B2 gene encoding the 11-beta hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase enzyme, which is responsible for the inactivation of maternal cortisol, is regulated by DNA methylation, ...
Virk Jasveer - - 2012
To describe adverse birth outcomes associated with hospital-treated injuries that took place among women in the Danish National Birth Cohort. Longitudinal cohort study. Denmark. 90 452 women and their offspring selected from the Danish National Birth Cohort. To determine if injured women were more likely to deliver an infant preterm, with ...
Ryckman Kelli K KK Department of Pediatrics, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA. - - 2012
Nationally, newborn screening programs use 17-hydroxyprogesterone (17-OHP) as the biomarker to detect the rare but potentially fatal inherited disease, congenital adrenal hyperplasia. However, this biomarker is highly variable, with a high false-positive rate of detection, particularly in neonates born preterm. Several studies have examined various clinical and genetic factors to ...
Yila Thamar Ayo TA Department of Public Health Sciences, Hokkaido University Graduate School of Medicine, Sapporo, - - 2012
Intracellular folate hemostasis depends on the 5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene. Because 5,10-MTHFR 677TT homozygosity and tobacco smoking are associated with low folate status, we tested the hypothesis that smoking in mothers with 5,10-MTHFR C677T or A1298C polymorphisms would be independently associated with lower birth weight among their offspring. We assessed ...
Datta-Nemdharry Preeti P School of Health Sciences, City University London, London, - - 2012
To compare mean birth weights, gestational ages and odds of preterm birth and low birth weight of live singleton babies of black African or Caribbean ethnicity born in 2005 or 2006 by mother's country of birth. Secondary analysis of data from linked birth registration and NHS Numbers for Babies data ...
Wood Angela M AM Department of Public Health and Primary Care, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB1 8RN, - - 2012
To compare changes in inequalities in sudden infant death syndrome with other causes of infant mortality and stillbirth in Scotland, 1985-2008. Retrospective cohort study. Scotland 1985-2008, analysed by four epochs of six years. Singleton births of infants with birth weight >500 g born at 28-43 weeks' gestation. Sudden infant death ...
Husain Nusrat N Psychiatry Research Group, School of Community Based Medicine, University of Manchester, Manchester, - - 2012
Perinatal depression has been found to be a strong and independent risk factor for poor child growth and development in low-income South Asian populations. The authors aimed to study if there was a similar association in first and second-generation British women of Pakistani origin. A prospective cohort study. The study ...
Bapat Ujwala U Society for Nutrition, Education and Health Action (SNEHA), Urban Health Centre, Chota Sion Hospital, Dharavi, Mumbai, Maharashtra, - - 2012
Three million babies are stillborn each year and 3.6 million die in the first month of life. In India, early neonatal deaths make up four-fifths of neonatal deaths and infant mortality three-quarters of under-five mortality. Information is scarce on cause-specific perinatal and neonatal mortality in urban settings in low-income countries. ...
Traviss Gemma D GD Academic Unit of Psychiatry and Behavioural Sciences, Leeds Institute of Health Sciences, University of Leeds, Leeds, United Kingdom. - - 2012
To identify factors associated with infant growth up to 6 months, with a particular focus on maternal distress, and to explore the effect of ethnicity on any relation between maternal distress and infant growth. Cohort study recruiting White and Pakistani women in the United Kingdom (UK). Infant growth was measured ...
Boyle Elaine M EM Department of Health Sciences, University of Leicester, Leicester LE1 6TP, UK. - - 2012
To investigate the burden of later disease associated with moderate/late preterm (32-36 weeks) and early term (37-38 weeks) birth. Secondary analysis of data from the Millennium Cohort Study (MCS). Longitudinal study of infants born in the United Kingdom between 2000 and 2002. 18,818 infants participated in the MCS. Effects of ...
Kuzawa Christopher W CW Department of Anthropology, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois, United States of America. - - 2012
Birth weight (BW) predicts many health outcomes, but the relative contributions of genes and environmental factors to BW remain uncertain. Some studies report stronger mother-offspring than father-offspring BW correlations, with attenuated father-offspring BW correlations when the mother is stunted. These findings have been interpreted as evidence that maternal genetic or ...
Young Sera S Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, United States of - - 2012
Maternal nutritional status is an important predictor of birth outcomes, yet little is known about the nutritional status of HIV-infected pregnant women treated with combination antiretroviral therapy (cART). We therefore examined the relationship between maternal BMI at study enrollment, gestational weight gain (GWG), and hemoglobin concentration (Hb) among 166 women ...
Nour Nawal M NM Department of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology, Harvard Medical School Boston, - - 2012
Worldwide, approximately 15 million babies (1 in 10) are born prematurely each year. Prematurity is the leading cause of death among newborns, accounting for 1 million deaths per year, and, after pneumonia, is the second leading cause of death in children under age 5 years. Newborns who do survive preterm ...
Fonseca Ana - - 2012
Parental early adjustment to a prenatal or postnatal diagnosis of congenital anomaly has been studied mainly within a pathological and deterministic perspective, giving us an inadequate view of the impact of the diagnosis. Adopting a comprehensive approach on parental adjustment, we aimed to characterise the impact of the diagnosis on ...
Johansson Margareta - - 2012
While attending birth mostly has a positive impact on becoming a father, it has also been described as including feelings of discomfort and is more demanding than expected. The objective was to explore Swedish fathers' birth experiences, and factors associated with a less-positive birth experience. Mixed methods including quantitative and ...
Sebastiani G - - 2012
Prenatal weight partitioning is gender specific, and infants born small for gestational age (SGA) have a lower fat mass and a lower fat-free mass than infants born appropriate for gestational age (AGA). Follistatin is an adipokine with adipogenic properties. We examined whether follistatin circulates in the human foetus at term ...
Zizza A - - 2011
This study aimed to estimate the most recent caesarean section rates in the world and examine the association between these rates and old and new indicators of health care. Authors analyzed the Caesarean Section (CS) rates, also in geo-economic and economic groups, and correlated them to maternal and neonatal mortality, ...
Duman Levent - - 2011
Bile-plug syndrome is defined as an obstruction of the common bile duct by bile sludge in full-term infants. It is a correctable cause of obstructive jaundice in infants and is generally treated surgically. Here, we present a case of a 5-month-old infant with bile-plug syndrome, which was treated by percutaneous ...
Garba M - - 2011
This study analyzes maternal deaths in a tertiary maternity in Niamey, Niger. This is a retrospective study covering the period of one year, from January 1 to December 31 2007. The setting for this study was the Maternity Issaka Gazobi, a tertiary maternity referral centre in the city of Niamey, ...
Chantaroj Songkiat - - 2011
Hypothermia at birth has been associated with increased morbidity and mortality in preterm infants. To evaluate the effect of wrap with polyethylene bag at birth on admission temperatures and the incidences of hypothermia on admission in preterm infants gestational age < or = 32 weeks. A randomized controlled trial was ...
Chae Hyun Ju - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to identify factors influencing maternal identity of Korean primiparas. The data were collected by a self-report questionnaire in 2006. The participants were 210 healthy primiparous women who delivered at one of three medical centers and revisited the outpatient department for follow up between 4 ...
Valent-Morić Bernardica - - 2011
This study was aimed at evaluating the clinical outcome of infants with antenatally diagnosed hydronephrosis. Our objective was also to determine whether there is a significant correlation between anterior posterior pelvic diameter (APPD) and urinary tract abnormalities detected. We retrospectively analyzed data of 145 infants collected between January 2000 and ...
Olusanya Bolajoko O - - 2011
Compared to singletons, multiple births are associated with a substantially-higher risk of maternal and perinatal mortality worldwide. However, little evidence exists on the perinatal profile and risk of neurodevelopmental disabilities among the survivors, especially in developing countries. This cross-sectional study, therefore, set out to determine the adverse perinatal outcomes that ...
Engmann C - - 2012
To assess the feasibility of using birth attendants instead of bereaved mothers as perinatal verbal autopsy respondents. Verbal autopsy interviews for early neonatal deaths and stillbirths were conducted separately among mothers (reference standard) and birth attendants in 38 communities in four developing countries. Concordance between maternal and attendant responses was ...
Rai Ruchi - - 2011
Fetus in fetu (FIF) is an extremely rare cause of infantile abdominal mass where a rudimentary, malformed monozygotic-diamniotic twin grows inside the other twin. We describe a male infant with double or twin fetuses in fetu. The diagnosis was made on a computerized tomography (CT) scan of the abdomen and ...
Martin Joyce A - - 2011
This report presents 2009 data on U.S. births according to a wide variety of characteristics. Data are presented for maternal characteristics including age, live-birth order, race and Hispanic origin, marital status, hypertension during pregnancy, attendant at birth, method of delivery, and infant characteristics (period of gestation, birthweight, and plurality). Birth ...
Steenholdt Casper - - 2012
A 26year old woman with ulcerative colitis was treated with regular infliximab (IFX) infusions until gestation week 31, and gave birth to a healthy child at gestation week 37. Maternal IFX trough level was relatively high during the course of pregnancy. In the infant, therapeutic level of IFX was detectable ...
Shah Nusrat - - 2011
To compare the obstetric outcome of teenage pregnancies with that of non teenage pregnancies. A prospective case-control study was conducted in three tertiary care hospitals of Sindh, Pakistan from September 2008 to November 2008. The data regarding obstetric outcome of all teenagers (13-19 years) delivering in the three hospitals was ...
Arteau-Gauthier Isabelle - - 2011
To find predictors of a difficult intubation in infants with an isolated or a syndromic cleft lip/palate. Retrospective review: single-blind trial. Tertiary care centre. A total of 145 infants born with cleft lip/palate were enrolled. Three clinical and seven lip/palate anatomic parameters were evaluated. The grade of intubation was determined ...
Hourani Mohammad - - 2011
Elective caesarean section rates have risen over the last decade worldwide. The increase in this rate is not associated with clear benefit for the baby or mother but proportionally associated with increased morbidity for both. Neonatal adverse outcomes in infants born before 39 weeks of gestation are increased and increase ...
Bhandari Sudhir - - 2011
Treacher Collins syndrome has been described as a syndrome involving 1st and 2nd branchial arches, affecting various organs in the craniofacial region. Affected infants report with nasal regurgitation and minimal dietary intake due to cleft palate, consequently show delayed and retarded growth. The situation is further complicated when the repair ...
Rohana Jaafar - - 2011
Developmental disabilities have been reported in infants with persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN) treated with inhaled nitric oxide (INO) or intravenous magnesium sulphate (MgSO(4)) and/or extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. This paper reports the rate of developmental disabilities at 2 years of age in a cohort of survivors of PPHN ...
Ballhausen Diana - - 2011
Few cases of premature infants with classical phenylketonuria (PKU) have been reported. Treatment of these patients is challenging due to the lack of a phenylalanine (Phe)-free amino acid (AA) solution for parenteral nutrition. A boy born at 27 weeks of gestation with a weight of 1000 g was diagnosed with ...
Strutz Kelly L - - 2012
The study is a descriptive, population-based analysis of birth outcomes in the New York State Finger Lakes region designed to determine whether perinatal outcomes differed across 3 rural typologies. Hospital birth data for the Finger Lakes region from 2006 to 2007 were used to identify births classified as low birthweight ...
Pryce J W - - 2011
AimTandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) is a recommended investigation for sudden unexpected death in infancy (SUDI), but there are limited data regarding yield and potential influencing factors. This study investigates postmortem acylcarnitine profiles in a large cohort of infant deaths from a single centre, including those with metabolic disease.MethodsAcylcarnitine results obtained ...
Sharma A - - 2011
The objective of this study was to know the state of newborns in Nepal Medical College Teaching Hospital. This was a retrospective study of newborns delivered in Nepal Medical College Teaching Hospital from mid April 2008 to mid April 2009. There were 793 births with male: female ratio being 1.08:1. ...
Gumanga S K - - 2011
To determine the yearly maternal mortality ratio over the period 2006-2010 and trends in the causes of 139 audited maternal deaths from 2008-2010 at the Tamale Teaching Hospital in Ghana Retrospective descriptive review of maternal deaths Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Tamale Teaching Hospital Data on maternal deaths that occurred ...
Bloch Joan Rosen - - 2011
To examine spatial patterns of neighborhood contextual factors of stress with preterm birth (PTB) and nativity (foreign-born and U.S.-born) among Black mothers. Descriptive geographic-spatial research. Births to Philadelphia residents during 2003-2005 in the context of Philadelphia residential neighborhoods (N = 350) were studied. All data were aggregated to neighborhood levels (census tracts). ...
Abu-Salah Osama - - 2011
To determine the impact of late preterm birth on neonatal morbidity and neonatal unit admissions compared to full term babies in Amman, Jordan. Data was extracted through retrospective file review from 2009 to 2010, on all singletons born at Queen Alia Hospital in Amman, Jordan. This cross sectional study noted ...
Landry Jennifer S - - 2011
Despite notable advances in neonatal care, bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) remains an important complication of preterm birth, frequently resulting in prolonged hospital stay and long-term morbidity. A historical cohort study of all preterm infants (gestational age younger than 37 weeks) admitted to the Montreal Children's Hospital (Montreal, Quebec) between January 1, ...
Scelza Brooke A - - 2011
The mother-adult daughter relationship has been highlighted in both the social sciences and the public health literature as an important facet of social support networks, particularly as they pertain to maternal and child health. Evolutionary anthropologists also have shown positive associations between support from maternal grandmothers and various outcomes related ...
Anthopolos Rebecca - - 2011
Research on racial residential segregation (RRS) and birth outcomes has focused on RRS at a broad geographic scale, in an aspatial framework, and in northern US cities. We developed a spatial measure of neighborhood level racial isolation of blacks. We examined the association between this new measure and low birthweight, ...
El-Dib Mohamed - - 2011
Objective:  Amplitude integrated electroencephalography (aEEG) has been used in neonates in various clinical and research applications. We hypothesized that an abnormal aEEG score could be used as a predictor of short-term adverse outcome. Methods:  Very low birth weight infants were enrolled in a prospective observational cohort study. Two channel 12-hour ...
Segal Osnat - - 2011
: The main purpose of the present study was to determine listening preference for child-directed speech (CDS) over static (white noise, WN) and dynamic (time-reversed speech, TRS) nonspeech stimuli in both normal-hearing (NH) infants and hearing-impaired infants with cochlear implants (CIs). A second purpose was to investigate the effect of ...
Faraci Marianna - - 2011
Intrauterine growth restriction is one of the most common and complex problems in modern obstetrics. The cut off value mainly used for defining an IUGR is at the 10th percentile. There are many evidence demonstrating that the adverse perinatal outcome are mainly confined to infants below the 5th or 3th ...
Kornacka Maria K - - 2011
The paper discusses the reliability of the Apgar score for evaluating newborns, particularly its usefulness in assessing the state of preterm or full term newborns born with hypoxia. The paper provides a sum-up of the opinions on usefulness and reliability of the Apgar score given by doctors from 255 NICUs. ...
Flannigan Christopher - - 2011
A male infant was born by emergency caesarean section at 34(+4) weeks for failed induction of labour. Shortly after birth a depression about the same size as the baby's fist was noted over the right parietal region. After careful consideration of the perinatal history and examination findings, the baby was ...
Brighi Giulia - - 2011
This case concerns a premature infant with typical signs of congenital syphilis born to an untreated foreign mother. Syphilis prevalence in pregnant women has been rising in Italy since the beginning of the 21st century, mainly due to immigration. A correct antenatal syphilis screening and consequent adequate therapy of pregnant ...
Feeley Nancy - - 2011
Very low birth weight (VLBW) infants, born weighing less than 1,500 g, are at risk for several developmental problems. Consequently, there has been interest in developing intervention programs to prevent such problems. This article describes the empirical evidence that guided the development of an innovative, multicomponent intervention program for mothers ...
Mehmet Sariaydin - - 2011
As a result of the increase in premature births and the advances in neonatal intensive care, retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) remains one of the most important causes of childhood blindness worldwide. The main factors in the development of ROP are gestational age, birth weight and oxygen therapy. ROP continues to ...
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