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Results 501 - 550 of 1361
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Mink Pamela J - - 2012
Chlorpyrifos (CPF) is one of the most widely used organophosphate insecticides in the United States. By December 2000, nearly all residential uses were voluntarily canceled, so that today, CPF is only used to control insect pests on a variety of crops. Periodic review of the potential effects of CPF on ...
Duijts Liesbeth - - 2012
Previous studies have suggested that asthma, like other common diseases, has at least part of its origin early in life. Low birth weight has been shown to be associated with increased risks of asthma, chronic obstructive airway disease, and impaired lung function in adults, and increased risks of respiratory symptoms ...
Karjalainen Minna K - - 2012
Introduction:Preterm birth is the major cause of mortality and morbidity in neonates. Intrauterine infection and/or inflammatory response are evident in 60-70% of spontaneous preterm births (SPTBs). Genetic factors significantly increase this risk. However, the genetic background associated with SPTB is poorly understood. Surfactant protein (SP) A, SP-D, and mannose-binding lectin ...
Grewal Jagteshwar - - 2012
When an ultrasound-based estimate of gestational age (GA) is less (greater) than an estimate based on a definite last menstrual period, the fetus may grow slower (faster) than average. While the association between these discrepancies in GA estimates and adverse perinatal outcomes has been examined extensively, there is scant evidence ...
Virk Jasveer - - 2012
To describe adverse birth outcomes associated with hospital-treated injuries that took place among women in the Danish National Birth Cohort. Longitudinal cohort study. Denmark. 90 452 women and their offspring selected from the Danish National Birth Cohort. To determine if injured women were more likely to deliver an infant preterm, with ...
Datta-Nemdharry Preeti P School of Health Sciences, City University London, London, - - 2012
To compare mean birth weights, gestational ages and odds of preterm birth and low birth weight of live singleton babies of black African or Caribbean ethnicity born in 2005 or 2006 by mother's country of birth. Secondary analysis of data from linked birth registration and NHS Numbers for Babies data ...
Terzic Sabina - - 2012
Preterm birth is the most important univariant risk factor of neonatal mortality. Assessment of risk factors affecting mortality in preterm infants with very low birth weight is important for the treatment of this highly vulnerable population. Detection of risk factors for neonatal mortality in very low birth weight premature infants. ...
Byrne Mary W - - 2012
Prison nurseries prevent maternal separations related to incarceration for the small subset of children whose pregnant mothers are incarcerated in states with such programs. For a cohort of 100 children accepted by corrections into one prison nursery, subsequent separation patterns are analyzed. The largest numbers are caused by corrections' removal ...
do Carmo Leal Maria - - 2012
Caesarean section rates in Brazil have been steadily increasing. In 2009, for the first time, the number of children born by this type of procedure was greater than the number of vaginal births. Caesarean section is associated with a series of adverse effects on the women and newborn, and recent ...
Obu Herbert A - - 2012
Congenital abnormalities are not uncommon among newborns and contribute to neonatal and infant morbidity and mortality. The prevalence and pattern of presentation vary from place to place. Many a time the exact etiology is unknown but genetic and environmental factors tend to be implicated. The objective of this study was ...
- - 2012
Birmingham's City Hospital's new maternity unit is an inspiring departure from conventional units. Contemporary design and the latest technology combine to give mothers a safe, yet relaxed, environment in which to give birth. HEJ reports.
Robinson Penelope - - 2012
To compare the timing of first hospital antenatal care visit by mothers of Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal infants, and to identify the risk and protective factors associated with timeliness of accessing care, mothers who delivered at Campbelltown hospital between October 2005 and November 2006 were surveyed on the maternity ward. This ...
Veldhuijzen van Zanten Stephanie - - 2012
Literacy is important for success in school and in adulthood. Book-gift programs at birth exist to help develop these foundations early on. The effectiveness of the Read to Me! Nova Scotia Family Literacy Program (a program where books and literacy materials are given to families in hospital when their baby ...
Ruth Chelsea A - - 2012
Infants born late preterm (34 + 0 to 36 + 6 weeks GA (gestational age)) are known to have higher neonatal morbidity than term (37 + 0 to 41 + 6 weeks GA) infants. There is emerging evidence that these risks may not be homogenous within the term cohort and may be higher in early term (37 + 0 to 38 + 6 weeks GA). ...
Khatun Fatema - - 2012
Bangladesh has about 5.7 million people living in urban slums that are characterized by adverse living conditions, poor access to healthcare services and health outcomes. In an attempt to ensure safe maternal, neonatal and child health services in the slums BRAC started a programme, MANOSHI, in 2007. This paper reports ...
Dattani Nirupa - - 2012
This work formed part of a project to link data recorded routinely at birth in England and Wales to bring together socio-demographic data and data about care at birth. Birth registration data for England and Wales had already been linked to the National Health Service (NHS) Numbers for Babies' data ...
Sirvinskiene Giedre - - 2012
Problems experienced within the first year of an infant's life can be precursors of later mental health conditions. The purpose of this study was to examine the frequency and continuity of difficult behaviors in infants at 3 and 6 months of age and the associations of these difficulties with biomedical ...
Singh Abhishek - - 2012
39% of neonatal deaths in India occur on the first day of life, and 57% during the first three days of births. However, the association between postnatal care (PNC) for newborns and neonatal mortality has not hitherto been examined. The paper aims to examine the association of PNC for newborns ...
Fonseca Ana - - 2012
Parental early adjustment to a prenatal or postnatal diagnosis of congenital anomaly has been studied mainly within a pathological and deterministic perspective, giving us an inadequate view of the impact of the diagnosis. Adopting a comprehensive approach on parental adjustment, we aimed to characterise the impact of the diagnosis on ...
Johansson Margareta - - 2012
While attending birth mostly has a positive impact on becoming a father, it has also been described as including feelings of discomfort and is more demanding than expected. The objective was to explore Swedish fathers' birth experiences, and factors associated with a less-positive birth experience. Mixed methods including quantitative and ...
Sebastiani G G Endocrinology Unit, Hospital Sant Joan de Déu, University of Barcelona, Esplugues, Barcelona, - - 2012
Prenatal weight partitioning is gender specific, and infants born small for gestational age (SGA) have a lower fat mass and a lower fat-free mass than infants born appropriate for gestational age (AGA). Follistatin is an adipokine with adipogenic properties. We examined whether follistatin circulates in the human foetus at term ...
Chantaroj Songkiat - - 2011
Hypothermia at birth has been associated with increased morbidity and mortality in preterm infants. To evaluate the effect of wrap with polyethylene bag at birth on admission temperatures and the incidences of hypothermia on admission in preterm infants gestational age < or = 32 weeks. A randomized controlled trial was ...
Duman Levent - - 2011
Bile-plug syndrome is defined as an obstruction of the common bile duct by bile sludge in full-term infants. It is a correctable cause of obstructive jaundice in infants and is generally treated surgically. Here, we present a case of a 5-month-old infant with bile-plug syndrome, which was treated by percutaneous ...
Garba M - - 2011
This study analyzes maternal deaths in a tertiary maternity in Niamey, Niger. This is a retrospective study covering the period of one year, from January 1 to December 31 2007. The setting for this study was the Maternity Issaka Gazobi, a tertiary maternity referral centre in the city of Niamey, ...
Chae Hyun Ju - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to identify factors influencing maternal identity of Korean primiparas. The data were collected by a self-report questionnaire in 2006. The participants were 210 healthy primiparous women who delivered at one of three medical centers and revisited the outpatient department for follow up between 4 ...
Olusanya Bolajoko O - - 2011
Compared to singletons, multiple births are associated with a substantially-higher risk of maternal and perinatal mortality worldwide. However, little evidence exists on the perinatal profile and risk of neurodevelopmental disabilities among the survivors, especially in developing countries. This cross-sectional study, therefore, set out to determine the adverse perinatal outcomes that ...
Zizza A - - 2011
This study aimed to estimate the most recent caesarean section rates in the world and examine the association between these rates and old and new indicators of health care. Authors analyzed the Caesarean Section (CS) rates, also in geo-economic and economic groups, and correlated them to maternal and neonatal mortality, ...
Valent-Morić Bernardica - - 2011
This study was aimed at evaluating the clinical outcome of infants with antenatally diagnosed hydronephrosis. Our objective was also to determine whether there is a significant correlation between anterior posterior pelvic diameter (APPD) and urinary tract abnormalities detected. We retrospectively analyzed data of 145 infants collected between January 2000 and ...
Engmann C - - 2012
To assess the feasibility of using birth attendants instead of bereaved mothers as perinatal verbal autopsy respondents. Verbal autopsy interviews for early neonatal deaths and stillbirths were conducted separately among mothers (reference standard) and birth attendants in 38 communities in four developing countries. Concordance between maternal and attendant responses was ...
Rai Ruchi - - 2011
Fetus in fetu (FIF) is an extremely rare cause of infantile abdominal mass where a rudimentary, malformed monozygotic-diamniotic twin grows inside the other twin. We describe a male infant with double or twin fetuses in fetu. The diagnosis was made on a computerized tomography (CT) scan of the abdomen and ...
Martin Joyce A - - 2011
This report presents 2009 data on U.S. births according to a wide variety of characteristics. Data are presented for maternal characteristics including age, live-birth order, race and Hispanic origin, marital status, hypertension during pregnancy, attendant at birth, method of delivery, and infant characteristics (period of gestation, birthweight, and plurality). Birth ...
Steenholdt Casper - - 2012
A 26year old woman with ulcerative colitis was treated with regular infliximab (IFX) infusions until gestation week 31, and gave birth to a healthy child at gestation week 37. Maternal IFX trough level was relatively high during the course of pregnancy. In the infant, therapeutic level of IFX was detectable ...
Bhandari Sudhir - - 2011
Treacher Collins syndrome has been described as a syndrome involving 1st and 2nd branchial arches, affecting various organs in the craniofacial region. Affected infants report with nasal regurgitation and minimal dietary intake due to cleft palate, consequently show delayed and retarded growth. The situation is further complicated when the repair ...
Arteau-Gauthier Isabelle - - 2011
To find predictors of a difficult intubation in infants with an isolated or a syndromic cleft lip/palate. Retrospective review: single-blind trial. Tertiary care centre. A total of 145 infants born with cleft lip/palate were enrolled. Three clinical and seven lip/palate anatomic parameters were evaluated. The grade of intubation was determined ...
Hourani Mohammad - - 2011
Elective caesarean section rates have risen over the last decade worldwide. The increase in this rate is not associated with clear benefit for the baby or mother but proportionally associated with increased morbidity for both. Neonatal adverse outcomes in infants born before 39 weeks of gestation are increased and increase ...
Shah Nusrat - - 2011
To compare the obstetric outcome of teenage pregnancies with that of non teenage pregnancies. A prospective case-control study was conducted in three tertiary care hospitals of Sindh, Pakistan from September 2008 to November 2008. The data regarding obstetric outcome of all teenagers (13-19 years) delivering in the three hospitals was ...
Rohana Jaafar - - 2011
Developmental disabilities have been reported in infants with persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN) treated with inhaled nitric oxide (INO) or intravenous magnesium sulphate (MgSO(4)) and/or extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. This paper reports the rate of developmental disabilities at 2 years of age in a cohort of survivors of PPHN ...
Ballhausen Diana - - 2011
Few cases of premature infants with classical phenylketonuria (PKU) have been reported. Treatment of these patients is challenging due to the lack of a phenylalanine (Phe)-free amino acid (AA) solution for parenteral nutrition. A boy born at 27 weeks of gestation with a weight of 1000 g was diagnosed with ...
Strutz Kelly L KL Department of Maternal and Child Health and Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27516–2524, USA. - - 2012
The study is a descriptive, population-based analysis of birth outcomes in the New York State Finger Lakes region designed to determine whether perinatal outcomes differed across 3 rural typologies. Hospital birth data for the Finger Lakes region from 2006 to 2007 were used to identify births classified as low birthweight ...
Pryce J W - - 2011
AimTandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) is a recommended investigation for sudden unexpected death in infancy (SUDI), but there are limited data regarding yield and potential influencing factors. This study investigates postmortem acylcarnitine profiles in a large cohort of infant deaths from a single centre, including those with metabolic disease.MethodsAcylcarnitine results obtained ...
Gumanga S K - - 2011
To determine the yearly maternal mortality ratio over the period 2006-2010 and trends in the causes of 139 audited maternal deaths from 2008-2010 at the Tamale Teaching Hospital in Ghana Retrospective descriptive review of maternal deaths Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Tamale Teaching Hospital Data on maternal deaths that occurred ...
Bloch Joan Rosen - - 2011
To examine spatial patterns of neighborhood contextual factors of stress with preterm birth (PTB) and nativity (foreign-born and U.S.-born) among Black mothers. Descriptive geographic-spatial research. Births to Philadelphia residents during 2003-2005 in the context of Philadelphia residential neighborhoods (N = 350) were studied. All data were aggregated to neighborhood levels (census tracts). ...
Sharma A - - 2011
The objective of this study was to know the state of newborns in Nepal Medical College Teaching Hospital. This was a retrospective study of newborns delivered in Nepal Medical College Teaching Hospital from mid April 2008 to mid April 2009. There were 793 births with male: female ratio being 1.08:1. ...
Landry Jennifer S - - 2011
Despite notable advances in neonatal care, bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) remains an important complication of preterm birth, frequently resulting in prolonged hospital stay and long-term morbidity. A historical cohort study of all preterm infants (gestational age younger than 37 weeks) admitted to the Montreal Children's Hospital (Montreal, Quebec) between January 1, ...
Abu-Salah Osama - - 2011
To determine the impact of late preterm birth on neonatal morbidity and neonatal unit admissions compared to full term babies in Amman, Jordan. Data was extracted through retrospective file review from 2009 to 2010, on all singletons born at Queen Alia Hospital in Amman, Jordan. This cross sectional study noted ...
Scelza Brooke A - - 2011
The mother-adult daughter relationship has been highlighted in both the social sciences and the public health literature as an important facet of social support networks, particularly as they pertain to maternal and child health. Evolutionary anthropologists also have shown positive associations between support from maternal grandmothers and various outcomes related ...
Anthopolos Rebecca - - 2011
Research on racial residential segregation (RRS) and birth outcomes has focused on RRS at a broad geographic scale, in an aspatial framework, and in northern US cities. We developed a spatial measure of neighborhood level racial isolation of blacks. We examined the association between this new measure and low birthweight, ...
El-Dib Mohamed - - 2011
Objective:  Amplitude integrated electroencephalography (aEEG) has been used in neonates in various clinical and research applications. We hypothesized that an abnormal aEEG score could be used as a predictor of short-term adverse outcome. Methods:  Very low birth weight infants were enrolled in a prospective observational cohort study. Two channel 12-hour ...
Segal Osnat - - 2011
: The main purpose of the present study was to determine listening preference for child-directed speech (CDS) over static (white noise, WN) and dynamic (time-reversed speech, TRS) nonspeech stimuli in both normal-hearing (NH) infants and hearing-impaired infants with cochlear implants (CIs). A second purpose was to investigate the effect of ...
Faraci Marianna - - 2011
Intrauterine growth restriction is one of the most common and complex problems in modern obstetrics. The cut off value mainly used for defining an IUGR is at the 10th percentile. There are many evidence demonstrating that the adverse perinatal outcome are mainly confined to infants below the 5th or 3th ...
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