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Results 451 - 500 of 1352
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Dattani Nirupa - - 2012
This work formed part of a project to link data recorded routinely at birth in England and Wales to bring together socio-demographic data and data about care at birth. Birth registration data for England and Wales had already been linked to the National Health Service (NHS) Numbers for Babies' data ...
Altman Maria - - 2012
To investigate infant mortality and causes of infant death in relation to gestational age (GA) and birth weight for GA in non-malformed term and post-term infants. Observational, retrospective nationwide cohort study. Sweden 1983-2006. 2 152 738 singleton non-malformed infants born at 37 gestational weeks or later. Infant, neonatal and postneonatal mortality and ...
Singh V P - - 2012
The aim of this investigation was to determine the birth prevalence of cleft lip and palate in a tertiary health care centre of Dharan, Eastern Nepal and to ascertain whether the birth prevalence in this region differs significantly from birth prevalence reported in similar populations and other racial groups. A ...
Caldas Jamil P S - - 2012
To investigate the association between antenatal maternal corticosteroid administration and blood levels of reactive oxygen intermediates (ROI), reduced glutathione (GR) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) in preterm, very low birth weight infants. This was a cohort study in which cord blood samples were used for the following tests: baseline and stimulated granulocyte ...
Karjalainen Minna K - - 2012
Introduction:Preterm birth is the major cause of mortality and morbidity in neonates. Intrauterine infection and/or inflammatory response are evident in 60-70% of spontaneous preterm births (SPTBs). Genetic factors significantly increase this risk. However, the genetic background associated with SPTB is poorly understood. Surfactant protein (SP) A, SP-D, and mannose-binding lectin ...
Robinson Penelope - - 2012
To compare the timing of first hospital antenatal care visit by mothers of Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal infants, and to identify the risk and protective factors associated with timeliness of accessing care, mothers who delivered at Campbelltown hospital between October 2005 and November 2006 were surveyed on the maternity ward. This ...
Chen C-P - - 2012
We report a female infant with a karyotype of 46,XX,der(9)t(9;18)(p22.2;q21.32)pat and the phenotypic features of craniofacial dysmorphisms, developmental delay, hypotonia, horizontal nystagmus, strabismus, congenital heart defects, clubfoot, and anorectal malformations with an anterior ectopic anus and a stenosed anal opening. Array comparative genomic hybridization revealed a 16.93-Mb deletion at 9p24.3-p22.2 ...
Mangler Mandy - - 2012
Abstract Objective: Radical vaginal trachelectomy (RVT) as a fertility-preserving surgery in patients with early-stage cervical cancer is proven to be oncologically safe. After RVT, pregnancy rates vary between 40% and 80%. Outcome of infants is complicated by a preterm delivery rate of 30-50%. We investigated pregnancy and neonatal outcome after ...
Kosova H - - 2012
Objective: Evaluation of antenatal care, perinatal mortality, neonatal mortality, maternal mortality, number of births, the incidence of low birth weight infants in Albania. Design of the study: Retrospective study. Setting: Queen Geraldine University Hospital of Tirana, Albania. Methods: The population of this country is estimated to be approximately 3,2 milion ...
Kim Do-Hyun - - 2012
PHACE association is a rare neurocutaneous condition in which facial hemangiomas associate with a spectrum of posterior fossa malformations, arterial cerebrovascular anomalies, cardiovascular anomalies, and eye anomalies. We reported a case of PHACE association in a premature infant showing facial, intracranial, and oropharyngeal hemangiomas with evidence of the Dandy-Walker variant ...
Singh Abhishek - - 2012
39% of neonatal deaths in India occur on the first day of life, and 57% during the first three days of births. However, the association between postnatal care (PNC) for newborns and neonatal mortality has not hitherto been examined. The paper aims to examine the association of PNC for newborns ...
Grewal Jagteshwar - - 2012
When an ultrasound-based estimate of gestational age (GA) is less (greater) than an estimate based on a definite last menstrual period, the fetus may grow slower (faster) than average. While the association between these discrepancies in GA estimates and adverse perinatal outcomes has been examined extensively, there is scant evidence ...
Xu Fenglian - - 2012
The Indigenous population of Australia was estimated as 2.5% and under-reported. The aim of this study is to improve statistical ascertainment of Aboriginal women giving birth in New South Wales. This study was based on linked birth data from the Midwives Data Collection (MDC) and the Registry of Births Deaths ...
Kucik James E - - 2012
Birth defects are the leading cause of infant mortality and are responsible for substantial child and adult morbidity. Documenting the variation in prevalence of birth defects among racial/ethnic subpopulations is critical for assessing possible variations in diagnosis, case ascertainment, or risk factors among such groups. We used data from the ...
Khatun Fatema - - 2012
Bangladesh has about 5.7 million people living in urban slums that are characterized by adverse living conditions, poor access to healthcare services and health outcomes. In an attempt to ensure safe maternal, neonatal and child health services in the slums BRAC started a programme, MANOSHI, in 2007. This paper reports ...
Viaux-Savelon Sylvie - - 2012
In up to 5% of pregnancies, ultrasound screening detects a "soft marker" (SM) that places the foetus at risk for a severe abnormality. In most cases, prenatal diagnostic work-up rules out a severe defect. We aimed to study the effects of false positive SM on maternal emotional status, maternal representations ...
Gisore Peter - - 2012
Identifying every pregnancy, regardless of home or health facility delivery, is crucial to accurately estimating maternal and neonatal mortality. Furthermore, obtaining birth weights and other anthropometric measurements in rural settings in resource limited countries is a difficult challenge. Unfortunately for the majority of infants born outside of a health care ...
Prado Elizabeth L - - 2012
Maternal caregiving capacity, which is affected in part by cognition and mood, is crucial for the health of mothers and infants. Few interventions aim to improve maternal and infant health through improving such capacity. Multiple micronutrient (MMN) supplementation may improve maternal cognition and mood, since micronutrients are essential for brain ...
Ballot Daynia E - - 2012
Advances in neonatal care allow survival of extremely premature infants, who are at risk of handicap. Neurodevelopmental follow up of these infants is an essential part of ongoing evaluation of neonatal care. The neonatal care in resource limited developing countries is very different to that in first world settings. Follow ...
Duijts Liesbeth - - 2012
Previous studies have suggested that asthma, like other common diseases, has at least part of its origin early in life. Low birth weight has been shown to be associated with increased risks of asthma, chronic obstructive airway disease, and impaired lung function in adults, and increased risks of respiratory symptoms ...
Joseph K S - - 2012
To examine variations in the registration of extremely low birthweight and early gestation births and to assess their effect on perinatal and infant mortality rankings of industrialised countries. Retrospective population based study. Australia, Canada, European countries, and the United States for 2004; Australia, Canada, and New Zealand for 2007. National ...
Welch Martha G - - 2012
The stress that results from preterm birth, requisite acute care and prolonged physical separation in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) can have adverse physiological/psychological effects on both the infant and the mother. In particular, the experience compromises the establishment and maintenance of optimal mother-infant relationship, the subsequent development of ...
Obu Herbert A - - 2012
Congenital abnormalities are not uncommon among newborns and contribute to neonatal and infant morbidity and mortality. The prevalence and pattern of presentation vary from place to place. Many a time the exact etiology is unknown but genetic and environmental factors tend to be implicated. The objective of this study was ...
Nguyen Huong Thu - - 2012
Good infant growth is important for future health. Assessing growth is common in pediatric care all over the world, both at the population and individual level. There are few studies of birth weight and growth studies comparing urban and rural communities in Vietnam. The first aim is to describe and ...
Mink Pamela J - - 2012
Chlorpyrifos (CPF) is one of the most widely used organophosphate insecticides in the United States. By December 2000, nearly all residential uses were voluntarily canceled, so that today, CPF is only used to control insect pests on a variety of crops. Periodic review of the potential effects of CPF on ...
Bukowski Radek - - 2012
Delivery of a small for gestational age (SGA) infant has been associated with increased maternal risk of ischemic heart disease (IHD). It is uncertain whether giving birth to SGA infant is a specific determinant of later IHD, independent of other risk factors, or a marker of general poor health. The ...
Sirvinskiene Giedre - - 2012
Problems experienced within the first year of an infant's life can be precursors of later mental health conditions. The purpose of this study was to examine the frequency and continuity of difficult behaviors in infants at 3 and 6 months of age and the associations of these difficulties with biomedical ...
Drake Alison L - - 2012
Maternal administration of the acyclovir prodrug valacyclovir is compatible with pregnancy and breastfeeding. However, the safety profile of prolonged infant and maternal exposure to acyclovir in the context of antiretrovirals (ARVs) for prevention of mother-to-child HIV-1 transmission (PMTCT) has not been described. Pregnant Kenyan women co-infected with HIV-1/HSV-2 with CD4 ...
Garces Ana - - 2012
Nearly half the world's babies are born at home. We sought to evaluate the training, knowledge, skills, and access to medical equipment and testing for home birth attendants across 7 international sites. Face-to-face interviews were done by trained interviewers to assess level of training, knowledge and practices regarding care during ...
do Carmo Leal Maria - - 2012
Caesarean section rates in Brazil have been steadily increasing. In 2009, for the first time, the number of children born by this type of procedure was greater than the number of vaginal births. Caesarean section is associated with a series of adverse effects on the women and newborn, and recent ...
Ivorra Carmen - - 2012
Low birth weight has been linked to an increased risk to develop obesity, type 2 diabetes, and hypertension in adult life, although the mechanisms underlying the association are not well understood. The objective was to determine whether the metabolomic profile of plasma from umbilical cord differs between low and normal ...
Ye Fang - - 2012
To identify the immediate economic impact of maternal death on rural Chinese households. Results are reported from a study that matched 195 households who had suffered a maternal death to 384 households that experienced a childbirth without maternal death in rural areas of three provinces in China, using quantitative questionnaire ...
Ruth Chelsea A - - 2012
Infants born late preterm (34 + 0 to 36 + 6 weeks GA (gestational age)) are known to have higher neonatal morbidity than term (37 + 0 to 41 + 6 weeks GA) infants. There is emerging evidence that these risks may not be homogenous within the term cohort and may be higher in early term (37 + 0 to 38 + 6 weeks GA). ...
Marchant Tanya - - 2012
Low birth weight and prematurity are amongst the strongest predictors of neonatal death. However, the extent to which they act independently is poorly understood. Our objective was to estimate the neonatal mortality risk associated with preterm birth when stratified by weight for gestational age in the high mortality setting of ...
Wafula Sam W - - 2012
In Kenya, infant mortality rate increased from 59 deaths per 1000 live births in 1988 to 78 deaths per 1000 live births by 2003. This was an increase of about 32 percent in 15 years. The reasons behind this upturn are poorly understood. This paper investigates the probable factors behind the ...
Wu Brian T F - - 2012
The importance of maternal dietary choline for fetal neural development and later cognitive function has been well-documented in experimental studies. Although choline is an essential dietary nutrient for humans, evidence that low maternal choline in pregnancy impacts neurodevelopment in human infants is lacking. We determined potential associations between maternal plasma ...
Veldhuijzen van Zanten Stephanie - - 2012
Literacy is important for success in school and in adulthood. Book-gift programs at birth exist to help develop these foundations early on. The effectiveness of the Read to Me! Nova Scotia Family Literacy Program (a program where books and literacy materials are given to families in hospital when their baby ...
de Waal Cornelia G - - 2012
Extremely preterm infants are at high risk of neonatal mortality and adverse outcome. Survival rates are slowly improving, but increased survival may come at the expense of more handicaps. Prospective population-based cohort study of all infants born at 23 to 27 weeks of gestation in The Netherlands in 2007. 276 ...
Oberthuer Andre - - 2012
Hyperglycemia is commonly observed in extremely low gestational age newborns (ELGANs) and is associated with both increased morbidity and mortality. The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between neonatal hyperglycemia and adiponectin levels in ELGANs. Ten preterm infants between 22+6/7 and 27+3/7 weeks' gestation with neonatal hyperglycemia ...
Ali Khan Anokhi - - 2012
We previously identified via a genome wide association study variants near LEKR and CCNL1 and in the ADCY5 genes lead to lower birthweight. Here, we study the impact of these variants and social stress during pregnancy, defined as social adversity and neighborhood disparity, on infant birth size. We aimed to ...
Mmbaga Blandina Theophil - - 2012
The current decline in under-five mortality shows an increase in share of neonatal deaths. In order to address neonatal mortality and possibly identify areas of prevention and intervention, we studied causes of admission and cause-specific neonatal mortality in a neonatal care unit at Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Centre (KCMC) in Tanzania. ...
Zhang Xingguang - - 2012
Birth Defects are a series of diseases that seriously affect children's health. Birth defects are generally caused by several interrelated factors. The aims of the article is to estimate the prevalence rate and types of birth defects in Inner Mongolia, China, to compare socio-demographic characteristics among the children with birth ...
Pereira Gavin - - 2012
The aim of this study was to validate a model for optimal birth weight derived from neonatal records, and to test the assumption that preterm births may be considered optimally grown if they are not exposed to common factors that perturb fetal growth. Weights of fetuses were estimated from serial ...
Chen Mei-Huei - - 2012
Previous animal studies have shown that perfluorinated compounds (PFCs) have adverse impacts on birth outcomes, but the results have been inconclusive in humans. We investigated associations between prenatal exposure to perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), perfluorooctyl sulfonate (PFOS), perfluorononanoic acid (PFNA), and perfluoroundecanoic acid (PFUA) and birth outcomes. In total, 429 mother-infant ...
Lisonkova Sarka - - 2012
While the reduction in infants' prone sleeping has led to a temporal decline in Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS), some aspects of this trend remain unexplained. We assessed whether changes in the gestational age distribution of births also contributed to the temporal reduction in SIDS. SIDS patterns among singleton and ...
Ichikawa Go - - 2012
To investigate the risk of hypophosphatemia and hypercalcemia in small for gestational age (SGA) extremely low birth weight infants (ELBWI) receiving parenteral nutrition. A retrospective review of 58 ELBWI was conducted. Serum calcium (Ca) and phosphate (PO4) concentrations on days 1 and 8 after birth were examined for associations with ...
Marsit Carmen J - - 2012
There is growing evidence that the intrauterine environment can impact the neurodevelopment of the fetus through alterations in the functional epigenome of the placenta. In the placenta, the HSD11B2 gene encoding the 11-beta hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase enzyme, which is responsible for the inactivation of maternal cortisol, is regulated by DNA methylation, ...
Virk Jasveer - - 2012
To describe adverse birth outcomes associated with hospital-treated injuries that took place among women in the Danish National Birth Cohort. Longitudinal cohort study. Denmark. 90 452 women and their offspring selected from the Danish National Birth Cohort. To determine if injured women were more likely to deliver an infant preterm, with ...
Ryckman Kelli K KK Department of Pediatrics, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA. - - 2012
Nationally, newborn screening programs use 17-hydroxyprogesterone (17-OHP) as the biomarker to detect the rare but potentially fatal inherited disease, congenital adrenal hyperplasia. However, this biomarker is highly variable, with a high false-positive rate of detection, particularly in neonates born preterm. Several studies have examined various clinical and genetic factors to ...
Yila Thamar Ayo TA Department of Public Health Sciences, Hokkaido University Graduate School of Medicine, Sapporo, - - 2012
Intracellular folate hemostasis depends on the 5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene. Because 5,10-MTHFR 677TT homozygosity and tobacco smoking are associated with low folate status, we tested the hypothesis that smoking in mothers with 5,10-MTHFR C677T or A1298C polymorphisms would be independently associated with lower birth weight among their offspring. We assessed ...
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