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Young Sera S Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, United States of - - 2012
Maternal nutritional status is an important predictor of birth outcomes, yet little is known about the nutritional status of HIV-infected pregnant women treated with combination antiretroviral therapy (cART). We therefore examined the relationship between maternal BMI at study enrollment, gestational weight gain (GWG), and hemoglobin concentration (Hb) among 166 women ...
Chen Mei-Huei - - 2012
Previous animal studies have shown that perfluorinated compounds (PFCs) have adverse impacts on birth outcomes, but the results have been inconclusive in humans. We investigated associations between prenatal exposure to perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), perfluorooctyl sulfonate (PFOS), perfluorononanoic acid (PFNA), and perfluoroundecanoic acid (PFUA) and birth outcomes. In total, 429 mother-infant ...
Nguyen Huong Thu - - 2012
Good infant growth is important for future health. Assessing growth is common in pediatric care all over the world, both at the population and individual level. There are few studies of birth weight and growth studies comparing urban and rural communities in Vietnam. The first aim is to describe and ...
Bukowski Radek - - 2012
Delivery of a small for gestational age (SGA) infant has been associated with increased maternal risk of ischemic heart disease (IHD). It is uncertain whether giving birth to SGA infant is a specific determinant of later IHD, independent of other risk factors, or a marker of general poor health. The ...
Zhang Xingguang - - 2012
Birth Defects are a series of diseases that seriously affect children's health. Birth defects are generally caused by several interrelated factors. The aims of the article is to estimate the prevalence rate and types of birth defects in Inner Mongolia, China, to compare socio-demographic characteristics among the children with birth ...
Shetye Pradip R - - 2012
ABSTRACT: This article focuses on current practices and controversy in the area of presurgical infant orthopedics in patients born with cleft lip and palate.
Traviss Gemma D GD Academic Unit of Psychiatry and Behavioural Sciences, Leeds Institute of Health Sciences, University of Leeds, Leeds, United Kingdom. - - 2012
To identify factors associated with infant growth up to 6 months, with a particular focus on maternal distress, and to explore the effect of ethnicity on any relation between maternal distress and infant growth. Cohort study recruiting White and Pakistani women in the United Kingdom (UK). Infant growth was measured ...
Marchant Tanya T Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom. - - 2012
Low birth weight and prematurity are amongst the strongest predictors of neonatal death. However, the extent to which they act independently is poorly understood. Our objective was to estimate the neonatal mortality risk associated with preterm birth when stratified by weight for gestational age in the high mortality setting of ...
Ryckman Kelli K KK Department of Pediatrics, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA. - - 2012
Nationally, newborn screening programs use 17-hydroxyprogesterone (17-OHP) as the biomarker to detect the rare but potentially fatal inherited disease, congenital adrenal hyperplasia. However, this biomarker is highly variable, with a high false-positive rate of detection, particularly in neonates born preterm. Several studies have examined various clinical and genetic factors to ...
Oberthuer Andre - - 2012
Hyperglycemia is commonly observed in extremely low gestational age newborns (ELGANs) and is associated with both increased morbidity and mortality. The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between neonatal hyperglycemia and adiponectin levels in ELGANs. Ten preterm infants between 22+6/7 and 27+3/7 weeks' gestation with neonatal hyperglycemia ...
Naumburg Estelle - - 2012
The development of the central nervous system is complex and includes dorsal and ventral induction, neuronal proliferation, and neuronal migration, organization, and myelination. Migration occurs in humans in early fetal life. Pathogenesis of malformations of the central nervous system includes both genetic and environmental factors. Few epidemiological studies have addressed ...
Xu Fenglian - - 2012
The Indigenous population of Australia was estimated as 2.5% and under-reported. The aim of this study is to improve statistical ascertainment of Aboriginal women giving birth in New South Wales. This study was based on linked birth data from the Midwives Data Collection (MDC) and the Registry of Births Deaths ...
Ali Khan Anokhi - - 2012
We previously identified via a genome wide association study variants near LEKR and CCNL1 and in the ADCY5 genes lead to lower birthweight. Here, we study the impact of these variants and social stress during pregnancy, defined as social adversity and neighborhood disparity, on infant birth size. We aimed to ...
Dattani Nirupa - - 2012
Maternity Hospital Episode Statistics (HES) data for 2007 were linked to birth registration and NHS Numbers for Babies (NN4B) data to bring together some key demographic and clinical data items not otherwise available at a national level. This extended the time period 2005-06, for which data had previously been linked ...
Mrisho Mwifadhi - - 2012
Introduction. We report cause of death and care-seeking prior to death in neonates based on interviews with relatives using a Verbal Autopsy questionnaire. Materials and Methods. We identified neonatal deaths between 2004 and 2007 through a large household survey in 2007 in five rural districts of southern Tanzania. Results. Of ...
Ye Fang - - 2012
To identify the immediate economic impact of maternal death on rural Chinese households. Results are reported from a study that matched 195 households who had suffered a maternal death to 384 households that experienced a childbirth without maternal death in rural areas of three provinces in China, using quantitative questionnaire ...
Seegmiller Robert E - - 2012
Teratology is the study of anatomical and physiological abnormalities, commonly known as birth defects. If an embryo is exposed to a harmful substance, or teratogen, during the critical period of development, an ensuing malformation may occur. These malformations and their associated mechanisms are studied and analyzed in laboratory animals in ...
Mmbaga Blandina Theophil - - 2012
The current decline in under-five mortality shows an increase in share of neonatal deaths. In order to address neonatal mortality and possibly identify areas of prevention and intervention, we studied causes of admission and cause-specific neonatal mortality in a neonatal care unit at Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Centre (KCMC) in Tanzania. ...
Chen C-P - - 2012
We report a female infant with a karyotype of 46,XX,der(9)t(9;18)(p22.2;q21.32)pat and the phenotypic features of craniofacial dysmorphisms, developmental delay, hypotonia, horizontal nystagmus, strabismus, congenital heart defects, clubfoot, and anorectal malformations with an anterior ectopic anus and a stenosed anal opening. Array comparative genomic hybridization revealed a 16.93-Mb deletion at 9p24.3-p22.2 ...
Wu Brian T F - - 2012
The importance of maternal dietary choline for fetal neural development and later cognitive function has been well-documented in experimental studies. Although choline is an essential dietary nutrient for humans, evidence that low maternal choline in pregnancy impacts neurodevelopment in human infants is lacking. We determined potential associations between maternal plasma ...
Kim Do-Hyun - - 2012
PHACE association is a rare neurocutaneous condition in which facial hemangiomas associate with a spectrum of posterior fossa malformations, arterial cerebrovascular anomalies, cardiovascular anomalies, and eye anomalies. We reported a case of PHACE association in a premature infant showing facial, intracranial, and oropharyngeal hemangiomas with evidence of the Dandy-Walker variant ...
Mangler Mandy - - 2012
Abstract Objective: Radical vaginal trachelectomy (RVT) as a fertility-preserving surgery in patients with early-stage cervical cancer is proven to be oncologically safe. After RVT, pregnancy rates vary between 40% and 80%. Outcome of infants is complicated by a preterm delivery rate of 30-50%. We investigated pregnancy and neonatal outcome after ...
Kosova H - - 2012
Objective: Evaluation of antenatal care, perinatal mortality, neonatal mortality, maternal mortality, number of births, the incidence of low birth weight infants in Albania. Design of the study: Retrospective study. Setting: Queen Geraldine University Hospital of Tirana, Albania. Methods: The population of this country is estimated to be approximately 3,2 milion ...
de Waal Cornelia G - - 2012
Extremely preterm infants are at high risk of neonatal mortality and adverse outcome. Survival rates are slowly improving, but increased survival may come at the expense of more handicaps. Prospective population-based cohort study of all infants born at 23 to 27 weeks of gestation in The Netherlands in 2007. 276 ...
Altman Maria - - 2012
To investigate infant mortality and causes of infant death in relation to gestational age (GA) and birth weight for GA in non-malformed term and post-term infants. Observational, retrospective nationwide cohort study. Sweden 1983-2006. 2 152 738 singleton non-malformed infants born at 37 gestational weeks or later. Infant, neonatal and postneonatal mortality and ...
Welch Martha G - - 2012
The stress that results from preterm birth, requisite acute care and prolonged physical separation in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) can have adverse physiological/psychological effects on both the infant and the mother. In particular, the experience compromises the establishment and maintenance of optimal mother-infant relationship, the subsequent development of ...
Ballot Daynia E - - 2012
Advances in neonatal care allow survival of extremely premature infants, who are at risk of handicap. Neurodevelopmental follow up of these infants is an essential part of ongoing evaluation of neonatal care. The neonatal care in resource limited developing countries is very different to that in first world settings. Follow ...
Joseph K S - - 2012
To examine variations in the registration of extremely low birthweight and early gestation births and to assess their effect on perinatal and infant mortality rankings of industrialised countries. Retrospective population based study. Australia, Canada, European countries, and the United States for 2004; Australia, Canada, and New Zealand for 2007. National ...
Gisore Peter - - 2012
Identifying every pregnancy, regardless of home or health facility delivery, is crucial to accurately estimating maternal and neonatal mortality. Furthermore, obtaining birth weights and other anthropometric measurements in rural settings in resource limited countries is a difficult challenge. Unfortunately for the majority of infants born outside of a health care ...
Zarean Elahe - - 2012
Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) is one of the important causes of mortality in neonates. This study was designed to assess the role of the amniotic fluid lamellar body counting in predicting fetal lung maturity. This study was conducted during 2010, April to 2011, February, at Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, ...
Viaux-Savelon Sylvie S Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, APHP, GH Pitié-Salpétrière, Paris, - - 2012
In up to 5% of pregnancies, ultrasound screening detects a "soft marker" (SM) that places the foetus at risk for a severe abnormality. In most cases, prenatal diagnostic work-up rules out a severe defect. We aimed to study the effects of false positive SM on maternal emotional status, maternal representations ...
Lo Andrea - - 2012
Polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) use in pregnancy has been promoted as beneficial for visual and neurobehavioural development in the fetus. However, no systematic review of the randomized trials has been conducted. The objective of this review was to evaluate potential advantages of this regiment by reviewing all randomized trials in ...
Ayres Caroline - - 2012
Intrauterine growth restriction is associated with increased risk for adult metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular disease, which seems to be related to altered food preferences in these individuals later in life. In this study, we sought to understand whether intrauterine growth leads to fetal programming of the hedonic responses to sweet. ...
Kang Sim D E - - 2012
Objective. This study examined how family environmental characteristics served as mediators in the relationship between socioeconomic conditions and infant growth in a cohort of Chilean infants. Methods. We studied 999 infants, born between 1991 and 1996, from a longitudinal cohort which began as an iron deficiency anemia preventive trial. SES ...
Lisonkova Sarka - - 2012
While the reduction in infants' prone sleeping has led to a temporal decline in Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS), some aspects of this trend remain unexplained. We assessed whether changes in the gestational age distribution of births also contributed to the temporal reduction in SIDS. SIDS patterns among singleton and ...
Kuzawa Christopher W CW Department of Anthropology, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois, United States of America. - - 2012
Birth weight (BW) predicts many health outcomes, but the relative contributions of genes and environmental factors to BW remain uncertain. Some studies report stronger mother-offspring than father-offspring BW correlations, with attenuated father-offspring BW correlations when the mother is stunted. These findings have been interpreted as evidence that maternal genetic or ...
Marsit Carmen J CJ Department of Pharmacology, Dartmouth Medical School, Hanover, New Hampshire, United States of America. - - 2012
There is growing evidence that the intrauterine environment can impact the neurodevelopment of the fetus through alterations in the functional epigenome of the placenta. In the placenta, the HSD11B2 gene encoding the 11-beta hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase enzyme, which is responsible for the inactivation of maternal cortisol, is regulated by DNA methylation, ...
Gee Rebekah E - - 2012
The costs of poor birth outcomes to the United States in both human and fiscal terms are large and a continuing concern. Louisiana has among the worst birth outcomes in our nation, which include preterm and low birth weight births, and maternal and infant mortality. In response to these poor ...
Ivorra Carmen - - 2012
Low birth weight has been linked to an increased risk to develop obesity, type 2 diabetes, and hypertension in adult life, although the mechanisms underlying the association are not well understood. The objective was to determine whether the metabolomic profile of plasma from umbilical cord differs between low and normal ...
Pereira Gavin - - 2012
The aim of this study was to validate a model for optimal birth weight derived from neonatal records, and to test the assumption that preterm births may be considered optimally grown if they are not exposed to common factors that perturb fetal growth. Weights of fetuses were estimated from serial ...
Boyle Elaine M EM Department of Health Sciences, University of Leicester, Leicester LE1 6TP, UK. - - 2012
To investigate the burden of later disease associated with moderate/late preterm (32-36 weeks) and early term (37-38 weeks) birth. Secondary analysis of data from the Millennium Cohort Study (MCS). Longitudinal study of infants born in the United Kingdom between 2000 and 2002. 18,818 infants participated in the MCS. Effects of ...
Garces Ana - - 2012
Nearly half the world's babies are born at home. We sought to evaluate the training, knowledge, skills, and access to medical equipment and testing for home birth attendants across 7 international sites. Face-to-face interviews were done by trained interviewers to assess level of training, knowledge and practices regarding care during ...
Yila Thamar Ayo TA Department of Public Health Sciences, Hokkaido University Graduate School of Medicine, Sapporo, - - 2012
Intracellular folate hemostasis depends on the 5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene. Because 5,10-MTHFR 677TT homozygosity and tobacco smoking are associated with low folate status, we tested the hypothesis that smoking in mothers with 5,10-MTHFR C677T or A1298C polymorphisms would be independently associated with lower birth weight among their offspring. We assessed ...
Ichikawa Go - - 2012
To investigate the risk of hypophosphatemia and hypercalcemia in small for gestational age (SGA) extremely low birth weight infants (ELBWI) receiving parenteral nutrition. A retrospective review of 58 ELBWI was conducted. Serum calcium (Ca) and phosphate (PO4) concentrations on days 1 and 8 after birth were examined for associations with ...
Leerkes Esther M - - 2012
Drawing from a domain specificity perspective, we assert that maternal sensitivity to infant distress cues is distinct from maternal sensitivity to non-distress cues. We review evidence from prior research demonstrating that the two constructs have more unshared than shared variance and that sensitivity to infant distress is a unique predictor ...
Wafula Sam W - - 2012
In Kenya, infant mortality rate increased from 59 deaths per 1000 live births in 1988 to 78 deaths per 1000 live births by 2003. This was an increase of about 32 percent in 15 years. The reasons behind this upturn are poorly understood. This paper investigates the probable factors behind the ...
Singh V P - - 2012
The aim of this investigation was to determine the birth prevalence of cleft lip and palate in a tertiary health care centre of Dharan, Eastern Nepal and to ascertain whether the birth prevalence in this region differs significantly from birth prevalence reported in similar populations and other racial groups. A ...
Caldas Jamil P S - - 2012
To investigate the association between antenatal maternal corticosteroid administration and blood levels of reactive oxygen intermediates (ROI), reduced glutathione (GR) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) in preterm, very low birth weight infants. This was a cohort study in which cord blood samples were used for the following tests: baseline and stimulated granulocyte ...
Bapat Ujwala U Society for Nutrition, Education and Health Action (SNEHA), Urban Health Centre, Chota Sion Hospital, Dharavi, Mumbai, Maharashtra, - - 2012
Three million babies are stillborn each year and 3.6 million die in the first month of life. In India, early neonatal deaths make up four-fifths of neonatal deaths and infant mortality three-quarters of under-five mortality. Information is scarce on cause-specific perinatal and neonatal mortality in urban settings in low-income countries. ...
Nour Nawal M NM Department of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology, Harvard Medical School Boston, - - 2012
Worldwide, approximately 15 million babies (1 in 10) are born prematurely each year. Prematurity is the leading cause of death among newborns, accounting for 1 million deaths per year, and, after pneumonia, is the second leading cause of death in children under age 5 years. Newborns who do survive preterm ...
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