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Orlando Susan S Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center School of Nursing, New - - 2014
Several clinical tools have been developed to quantify the severity of withdrawal signs and symptoms exhibited by infants born to substance-using mothers. Scores from the systematic assessments are used to guide treatment of infants with moderate to severe clinical signs. This article provides an overview of published assessment tools developed ...
Maguire Denise D College of Nursing, University of South Florida, - - 2014
There is little empirical evidence that guides management of infants with neonatal abstinence syndrome. The standard of care first described in the 1970s is still prevalent today, although it has never been tested in this population. Standard of care interventions include decreasing external stimulation, holding, nonnutritive sucking, swaddling, pressure/rubbing, and ...
Kish Mary Z MZ DNP Program, Chatham University (2010-2012) and Magee Womens Hospital of the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, - - 2014
The ability of a preterm infant to exclusively oral feed is a necessary standard for discharge readiness from the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Many of the interventions related to oral feeding advancement currently employed for preterm infants in the NICU are based on individual nursing observations and judgment. Studies ...
Roberts Calum T CT Newborn Research Centre, The Royal Women's Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria, - - 2014
This study aims to assess nursing perceptions of high-flow nasal cannulae (HFNC) in comparison with nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) as post-extubation respiratory support for very preterm infants. A standardised questionnaire form was distributed in person to nursing staff in The Royal Women's Hospital neonatal unit, where HFNC had ...
Grassley Jane S - - 2014
In a retrospective review of 302 hospital charts, 38 percent of newborns whose mothers planned to exclusively breastfeed received formula before hospital discharge. Those breastfeeding infants who did not receive formula were significantly younger at first breastfeeding than infants who received formula. Significantly more infants born by cesarean (51 percent) ...
Oliveira V V King's College London, London, - - 2014
When breastfeeding gets delayed, prompt breast-milk expression facilitates establishment and maintenance of lactation. On neonatal units, the recommended UNICEF target of all mothers achieving early milk expression within 6 h of birth is often not achieved. For critically ill infants, breast milk is particularly beneficial due to its nutritional and ...
Cova Maria Assunta MA Department of Radiology, Cattinara Hospital, University of Trieste, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria "Ospedali Riuniti" Trieste, Strada di Fiume 447, 34149, Trieste, - - 2014
Breastfeeding is a well-recognised investment in the health of the mother-infant dyad. Nevertheless, many professionals still advise breastfeeding mothers to temporarily discontinue breastfeeding after contrast media imaging. Therefore, we performed this review to provide health professionals with basic knowledge and skills for appropriate use of contrast media. A joint working ...
Sawyer Alyssa Cp - - 2014
All mothers in South Australia are offered a clinic or home-visit by a Child and Family Health community nurse in the initial postnatal weeks. Subsequent support is available on request from staff in community clinics and from a telephone helpline. The aim of the present study is to compare equivalence ...
- - 2014
Intensive community nursing support for vulnerable mothers during prenatal and infant years may result in lower substance misuse among their children, a study has found.
Cleveland Lisa M - - 2014
To describe the experiences of mothers of infants with neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Qualitative description. We recruited participants from community-based, out-patient, addiction treatment facilities in a large urban city in the southwestern region of the United States. A convenience sample of 15 Hispanic, ...
Meyers Melisa R - - 2014
The 2010 Afghanistan Mortality Survey estimates that for every 1000 births, 73 infants and 3 to 5 women die. In this articles a nurse relays the very personal story of a young mother losing her infant in childbirth in Afghanistan and makes suffestions for how nurses can get involved in ...
Calişkan Nurcan N Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Nursing, Gazi University, Ankara, - - 2014
This study aimed to determine complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) recommended by midwives and nurses and used by mothers on their 0 to 1-year-old infants. A cross-sectional survey design was used. The sample of the study consisted of 65 midwives and mothers of 349 infants registered at these health-care centres. ...
Carter Brigit M - - 2014
Guaiac testing the stool of very low birth weight (VLBW; <1,500 g) preterm infants has been a standard of care for many neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) and considered a diagnostic tool that could potentially provide early warning of gastrointestinal disturbances, feeding intolerance (FI), or necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). Evidence to ...
Elias Luciana Sabatini - - 2014
An understanding of perceptions of parents and health caregivers who assist critically ill neonates is necessary to comprehend their actions and demands. Therefore this study aim to analyze the agreement among parents, nurse technicians and pediatricians regarding the presence and intensity of pain and distress in mechanically ventilated and intubated ...
- - 2014
The importance of the role of the father in caring for a sick premature infant.
Webb Mary S MS University of South Florida, - - 2014
Background: Currently preterm births are the leading causes of newborn deaths and newborn mortality in developed countries. Infants born prematurely remain vulnerable to many acute complications and long-term disabilities. There is a growing concern surrounding the moral and ethical implications of the complex and technological care being provided to extremely ...
Augustin Amy L - - 2014
To learn about the duration of breastfeeding and to describe the variables influencing breastfeeding practices of mothers who gave birth at a suburban community hospital. An Institutional Review Board approved this descriptive anonymous survey with 20 questions concerning patients' characteristics and experiences with breastfeeding, which was developed based on current ...
Dalal Priti G PG Department of Anesthesiology, Penn State University College of Medicine, Milton S Hershey Medical Center, Hershey, PA, - - 2013
There has been an increase in breast-feeding supported by the recommendations of the American Academy of Pediatrics and the World Health Organization. An anesthesiologist may be presented with a well-motivated breast-feeding mother who wishes to breast-feed her infant in the perioperative period. Administration of anesthesia entails acute administration of drugs ...
Fenech Giliane G Department of Midwifery, Mater Dei Hospital, Triq Dun Karm, Msida MSD 2090, Malta. Electronic address: - - 2013
women can experience an array of serious and enduring morbidities following a difficult or traumatic childbirth. These complications have a negative impact on maternal behaviours and infant and family well-being. to undertake a meta-synthesis of existing qualitative research to explore the psychosocial implications of a traumatic birth on maternal well-being. ...
Shaker Catherine S - - 2013
Although studies have shown cue-based feeding can lead to earlier achievement of full oral feeding, the successful implementation of cue-based feeding has been constrained by the volume-driven culture, which has existed for many years in the NIC U. This culture was built on the notion that a "better" nurse is ...
Rubarth Lori Baas - - 2013
Infants of diabetic mothers (IDMs) can present with various symptoms and disorders. The neonatal nurse must be able to assess the infant for glucose control and other anomalies.
Newhook Julia Temple - - 2013
This article explores the perspectives of low-income women in order to better understand the social context that shapes their infant-feeding perspectives and experiences. The authors used purposive sampling to conduct 3 focus groups with 19 women who were formula-feeding their infants in 1 urban and 2 rural communities in the ...
Segre L S - - 2013
Objective:Mothers of preterm infants in a hospital neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) are at risk for clinically significant depression and anxiety, but for these women their own treatment is likely a secondary priority. This study evaluated the feasibility, acceptability and effectiveness of an evidence-based, nurse-delivered, on-site depression treatment: listening visits ...
Dumm Marsha - - 2013
No evidence-based standards exist for warming breast milk or determining the optimal milk temperature for preterm infants in the neonatal intensive care unit. In this study, we describe current nursing practices for warming breast milk and examine preterm infants' physiological responses to varying milk temperatures. Randomly selected experienced neonatal nurses ...
Salonen Anne H - - 2013
the study aimed at evaluating primiparous or multiparous mothers' perceptions of social support from nursing professionals (SSNP) in postnatal wards and factors associated with SSNP. a cross-sectional and correlational design was used. data was collected in 2007-2008 in two maternity hospitals with a convenience sample of Finnish-comprehending primiparous and multiparous ...
Mawji Aliyah - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:The objective of this study was to estimate the incidence of positional plagiocephaly in infants 7 to 12 weeks of age who attend the 2-month well-child clinic in Calgary, Alberta, Canada.METHODS:A prospective cohort design was used to recruit 440 healthy full-term infants (born at ≥37 weeks of gestation) who presented ...
Cleveland Lisa M - - 2013
To describe the hospital experiences of mothers who give birth to substance-exposed infants. Secondary analysis of data from a larger study that was focused on the experiences of Mexican-American mothers in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) was conducted. Semistructured interviews with five women who were recovering addicts on methadone ...
Barbas Kimberly H - - 2013
When an infant is medically compromised or requires surgery shortly after birth, traditional breastfeeding is interrupted. In the United States, mothers of these medically complex infants often spend many hours using a breast pump to express their breast milk and store it for their baby to receive via a feeding ...
Ismail Tengku Alina Tengku - - 2013
This study was aimed at identifying behavioural, normative and control belief influencing intention to practise exclusive breastfeeding among pregnant women in Malaysia. An interviewer-guided questionnaire assessing behavioural, normative and control belief was developed based on the findings elicited from focus group discussions. Intention referred to the respondent's intended duration of ...
Horowitz June Andrews - - 2013
To test the efficacy of the relationship-focused behavioral coaching intervention Communicating and Relating Effectively (CARE) in increasing maternal/infant relational effectiveness between depressed mothers and their infants during the first 9 months postpartum. Randomized clinical trial (RCT) with three phases. In this three-phase study, women were screened for postpartum depression (PPD) ...
Heidari Haydeh - - 2013
In recent years significant medical science advances have been made in the field midwifery and infant care. The premature, low birth weight and ill infants are admitted to the technologically advanced NICU for care and they often require long-term stay. This study addresses parental experiences with the infant care in ...
Seal Nuananong - - 2013
Obesity has now emerged as 1 of the most serious public health problems facing American Indian (AI) children and adolescents. However, little is known about what factors contribute to the early development of obesity in AI children. This study explored the relationships between maternal prepregnancy BMI, feeding practices, and growth ...
Rogowski Jeannette A - - 2013
There are substantial shortfalls in nurse staffing in US neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) relative to national guidelines. These are associated with higher rates of nosocomial infections among infants with very low birth weights. To study the adequacy of NICU nurse staffing in the United States using national guidelines and ...
Rodkey Elissa N - - 2013
Skepticism toward infant pain characterized much of 20th century research and clinical practice, with infant surgery routinely conducted with minimal or no anesthesia into the 1980s. This paper offers a historical exploration of how this view became common by reviewing and analyzing the experimental infant pain research of the 19th ...
Obladen Michael - - 2013
Before the microbiologic era, venereal diseases were poorly distinguished. Congenital syphilis was believed to be transmitted during conception by the father's sperm, during delivery in the birth canal, or from infected milk or breasts. The most frequent maternofetal transmission was not considered because the mother's primary infection remained undiagnosed. The ...
Carrico Catherine A - - 2013
ABSTRACT: Cocooning is a strategy to protect infants from pertussis. This study explored the postpartum Tdap status of close newborn contacts during a primary care visit. The findings include a summary of the results and the implications for nurse practitioner practice to decrease the incidence of pertussis in the young ...
Mulligan Joanna L - - 2013
Nonketotic hyperglycinemia (NKH) is an autosomal recessive inborn error of glycine metabolism. In this article, I will present the case of baby girl S. who presented to the emergency room on Day 4 of life with severe lethargy, seizures, and respiratory depression requiring mechanical ventilation. A diagnosis of NKH was ...
Csanaky K - - 2013
Pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide (PACAP) is a neuropeptide with special importance in reproductive and developmental processes. PACAP is found in two bioactive forms: PACAP27 and PACAP38. Recently, we have described that PACAP38 is present in high levels in the milk of human and ruminant animals. Breastfeeding is of utmost ...
Korhonen Anne - - 2013
The concept of suffering is discussed among those who are cognitively aware and verbally capable to express their suffering. Due to immaturity, preterm infants' abilities to express suffering are limited. Relieving suffering is an ethical and juridical demand of good nursing care. The purpose of this study is to describe ...
Abuidhail Jamila - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: of this study is to investigate the prevalence, duration, practices and barriers of Exclusive breast feeding (EBF) among Jordanian mothers in three major governorates. DESIGN: longitudinal, prospective design was used in this study. SETTINGS AND PARTICIPANTS: convenience sample of 572 pairs of postpartum mothers-infants were recruited from postpartum wards ...
Oboyle Colm - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: to describe the context of Irish home birth midwives' practise experience. DESIGN: ethnography derived from participant observation, unstructured interview and documentary analysis. SETTING: women and midwives' homes and meeting places in Ireland. PARTICIPANTS: 21 self-employed community midwives. MEASUREMENTS AND FINDINGS: choice of place of birth is extremely limited in ...
Neifert Marianne - - 2013
Although a large majority of US mothers now begin breastfeeding, exclusive breastfeeding rates fall far below national health objectives, with vulnerable populations being least likely to breastfeed exclusively. This article explores common personal and societal barriers to exclusive breastfeeding and offers evidence-based strategies to support mothers to breastfeed exclusively, such ...
Feeley Nancy - - 2013
Father's involvement is important to child development, yet little is known about how fathers are involved with their newborns in neonatal intensive care. The purpose of this study was to describe patterns of fathers' involvement with their infants during hospitalization. Eighteen fathers of infants hospitalized were interviewed and asked to ...
Gåre Kymre Ingjerd - - 2013
The aim of this article is to articulate the essence and constituents of neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) nurses' experiences in enacting skin-to-skin care (SSC) for preterm newborns and their parents. SSC is commonly employed in high-tech NICUs, which entails a movement from maternal-infant separation. Parents' opportunities for performing the ...
Feeley Nancy - - 2012
Aims and objectives.  To explore what fathers perceive to be facilitators or barriers to their involvement with their infants. Background.  Fathers make unique and important contributions to the development of their infants. Fathers of infants in the neonatal intensive care unit often feel that they have a limited role to ...
Berlin Cheston M CM - - 2012
The two ultimate goals of using maternal medications during breastfeeding are (i) to provide definitive therapy for maternal conditions for which the drugs have been prescribed, and (ii) to assure protection of the nursing infant from any adverse event related to his/her mother's treatment. Fortunately there are only a few ...
Bloch Joan Rosen - - 2012
The purpose of this article is to inform perinatal nurses about the longitudinal National Children's Study (NCS), which was mandated by Congress. The NCS was designed to follow infants from before birth to age 21, and researchers propose to study 100,000 children. This complex and extensive study will provide especially ...
Heller Misha M - - 2012
Breastfeeding is thought to be the most optimal form of infant nutrition. Nursing mothers are generally advised to continue breastfeeding until the infant is two years of age or beyond. Unfortunately, however, a majority of nursing mothers will discontinue breastfeeding much earlier than recommended. The most common reason for early discontinuation ...
Sahlin M - - 2012
BACKGROUND: international estimates suggest that caesarean section on maternal request range from 4% to 18% of all caesarean section. An increasing number of surveys have investigated women's reasons for a caesarean section in the absence of a medical indication but few studies have solely studied first-time mothers motivation for this ...
Cardoso M Jorge - - 2012
Advances in neonatal care have improved the survival of infants born prematurely although these infants remain at increased risk of adverse neurodevelopmental outcome. The measurement of white matter structure and features of the cortical surface can help define biomarkers that predict this risk. The measurement of these structures relies upon ...
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