Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1562
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Erbek Seyra - - 2009
The goal of this study was to determine whether there was an association between perinatal risk factors of prematurity and vestibular evoked myogenic potentials (VEMPs). A prospective case-control trial was designed. Fifty preterm newborns (100 ears) with a gestational age <37 weeks were included. The control group consisted of 20 ...
Nishida Tomoko - - 2008
Using optical topography, changes in the cerebral oxygenation were compared in the parieto-temporal lobe of preterm and term infants of equal postconceptional age in response to verbal stimulation. Eight preterm infants of gestational age 23-34 weeks were studied at postconceptional term age (38-46 weeks). Ten term infants were studied at ...
Jiang Ze D - - 2008
AIM: The aim of this study was to detect any differences in brainstem auditory evoked responses (BAERs) to different click rates between moderately preterm and term infants. METHODS: BAER was recorded with 21-91/s clicks at term age (37-42 weeks postconceptional age) in 39 moderately preterm infants (gestation 33-36 weeks). The ...
Ricci Daniela - - 2008
BACKGROUND: We previously reported the neurological findings of the Dubowitz neonatal examination in a cohort of 157 low-risk preterms born between 25 and 33 weeks gestational age (GA) and examined at term equivalent age (TEA). Median and range of scores were wider than those found in term-born infants and preterms ...
Morgan Maria A - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To define obstetrician-gynecologists' screening for potential preterm birth risk factors and interventions they use when indicators suggest the patient may be at increased risk. METHODS: Questionnaires were mailed to 1,193 American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists members. RESULTS: The response rate was 59%. Respondents most frequently report screening for ...
Santos Iná S - - 2008
Although neonatal and infant mortality rates have fallen in recent decades in Brazil, the prevalence of preterm deliveries has increased in certain regions, especially in the number of late preterm births. This study was planned to investigate: (1) maternal antenatal characteristics associated with late preterm births and (2) the consequences ...
Himes Katherine P - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To estimate whether placental pathological lesions from an index preterm birth are associated with an increased risk of recurrent preterm birth and to estimate whether certain pathologic lesions recur in a woman's next delivery. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study of all women who delivered at less than ...
Hanley Mary Anne - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Therapeutic touch (TT), a complementary therapy, has been shown to decrease stress, anxiety, and pain in adults and children, as well as improve mobility in patients with arthritis and fibromyalgia. However, less has been reported about the effectiveness of this therapy with infants, particularly preterm infants. OBJECTIVES: The aims ...
Patural Hugues - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Autonomic nervous system (ANS) activity is fundamental to infant health. ANS activity of preterm newborns seems to be reduced at term equivalent age, but follow-up of ANS activity has rarely been performed in that population during the weeks after birth. The aim of the study was to perform such ...
Masumoto Kenichi - - 2008
A recent survey found that approximately 4% of very low birth weight infants in Japan were treated with glucocorticoids postnatally for circulatory collapse thought to be caused by late-onset adrenal insufficiency. We identified 11 preterm infants with clinical signs compatible with this diagnosis (hypotension, oliguria, hyponatremia, lung edema, and increased ...
Engle William A - - 2008
Delivery of infants who are physiologically mature and capable of successful transition to the extrauterine environment is an important priority for obstetric practitioner. A corollary of this goal is to avoid iatrogenic complications of prematurity and maternal complications from delivery. The purpose of this review is to describe the consequences ...
Deshpande Girish - - 2009
Naloxone is a pure opioid antagonist specifically indicated for respiratory depression due to opioid exposure. There is not enough data on safety of naloxone, especially in extremely preterm neonates. We report the case of a preterm neonate (gestation 27 weeks and 3 days, birth weight 485 g) who developed cardiac ...
Holcberg G - - 2008
The aim of the present study was to examine the effect of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) on the secretion of the pro-inflammatory cytokine interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) and of its natural inhibitor interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra), by perfused human term and preterm placental tissue. Eight term and eight preterm placentae were collected immediately after ...
Finken M J J - - 2008
BACKGROUND: A single course of maternal glucocorticoid treatment is effective in reducing neonatal mortality after preterm birth. However, in animals, maternal glucocorticoid treatment is associated with lifelong hyperglycaemia and hypertension, and impaired nephrogenesis in offspring. Findings from studies in humans on this topic are highly contradictory due to a number ...
Kam K Y Ronald - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth is the major cause of perinatal mortality and morbidity in the developed world. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to establish the importance of preterm birth and the huge healthcare costs involved and review the pathophysiology of preterm labor and the use of antepartum glucocorticoids, which ...
Skogstrand Kristin - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate fetal or neonatal inflammatory patterns based on 25 inflammatory markers in neonatal dried blood spots samples from infants born preterm and term, collected several days after birth. METHODS: Dried blood spots samples from 160 neonates were analyzed for 25 inflammatory markers using multiplex technology: 26 neonates born ...
Medina Marcela - - 2009
AIM AND METHOD: To identify Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) endocervical infection among gestations at risk for preterm birth by means of DNA amplification. RESULTS: One hundred fifty eight (n = 158) gestations of Guayaquil (63.3%) and Quito (36.7%) Ecuador, at risk for preterm birth: threatened preterm labor (TPL, 60.8%) and preterm ...
Lindner U - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Improved standards of perinatal care for preterm infants led to decreased hospital mortality rates during the past decade. However, studies investigating changes in drug utilisation in neonatal intensive care units (NICU) during this period are missing. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study therefore was to evaluate the most ...
Bonamy Anna-Karin Edstedt - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Low birthweight, either as a result of poor foetal growth or preterm birth, is a risk factor for stroke in adult life. Carotid stiffening, an early marker of atheromatous disease, has been found in low-birthweight children born at term. We hypothesized that carotid artery growth and dynamic ...
Janvier Annie - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Recommendations from national bodies regarding extremely preterm infants have focussed almost exclusively on thresholds for intervention based upon estimated gestational age (GA) alone. METHODS: We reviewed policy statements that address active intervention for newborn infants and compare them with those that are available for older patients. We reviewed research, ...
Allen Marilee C - - 2008
Preterm birth is emerging as a major public health problem in the USA. Improvements in preterm birth and survival rates translate to increasing numbers of preterm survivors, and many develop motor, cognitive and sensory impairments. The review discusses the recently reported prevalence of neurodevelopmental disabilities in preterm survivors, in addition ...
Ibrahim C P Hafis - - 2008
PURPOSE: Hypotension is a frequent occurrence in sick preterm neonates. It is important to appropriately recognise and treat hypotension in preterm infants due to the possible association with short and long term adverse outcomes. SEARCH STRATEGY: An extensive search for relevant articles was carried out on PubMed, Embase and Cochrane ...
Zeitlin Jennifer J Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, INSERM, UMR S149, Epidemiological Research Unit on Perinatal and Women's Health, and Université Pierre et Marie Curie-Paris6, Paris, France. - - 2008
Advances in perinatal medicine increased survival after very preterm birth in all countries, but comparative population-based data on these births are not readily available. This analysis contrasts the rates and short-term outcome of live births before 32 weeks of gestation in 10 European regions. The Models of Organizing Access to ...
Chyi Lisa J - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Because limited long-term outcome data exist for infants born at 32 to 36 weeks gestation, we compared school outcomes between 32- to 33-week moderate preterm (MP), 34-36 week late preterm (LP) and full-term (FT) infants. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 970 preterm infants and 13 671 FT control subjects ...
Im Hyesang - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Touching, one of the most developed senses, is proven to relax preterm infants. Yakson is a Korean touching method for healing and relaxation similar to Gentle Human Touch (GHT), which is used in the United States. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to test the effect of Yakson ...
Toledo A M - - 2008
This longitudinal study investigated the development of reaching behavior in the seated position in preterm infants at the ages of 5-7 months by analyzing kinematic variables (straightness and adjustment indexes, movement unit, mean and final velocities). The correlation between kinematic variables and grasping was verified. The participants were nine low-risk ...
Karlica Dobrila - - 2008
The aim of the study was to determine the incidence of strabismus in preterm infants born between 2002 and 2005 in Split-Dalmatia County, and to compare it with term infants. Data were collected from Department of Public Health, Split-Dalmatia County and Strabology Outpatient Department, University Department of Ophthalmology, Split University ...
Ananth Cande V - - 2008
Preterm birth complicates over 500,000 births annually, affecting 12.5% of pregnancies in the United States. Much of the temporal increase in preterm birth (<37 weeks) over the past decade is largely driven by a concurrent temporal increase in medically indicated preterm birth. Maternal and fetal indications that prompt an intervention ...
Sullivan Mary C - - 2008
Developmental Origins Theory has received little coverage in the nursing literature, even though it has received much attention in other sciences. The theory proposes that prenatal stress provokes adaptive changes in endocrine and metabolic processes that become permanently programmed and impact later adult health. This paper reviews the theory and ...
Sullivan Mary C - - 2008
Birth weight often is used to predict how preterm infants will grow, but scant attention has been paid to the effect of neonatal morbidities on growth trajectories. We investigated birth weight and neonatal morbidity in preterm infants' growth to age 12 years. A five-group, prospective, longitudinal study was conducted with ...
Buhimschi Catalin S CS Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, - - 2008
Premature birth before 37 weeks of gestation is a significant public health problem. Each year, 4.5 million premature infants are born worldwide. Despite extensive research and a variety of interventions, the rate of preterm birth has steadily increased over the past 20 years and reached a high of 12.8% in ...
Farkas Ildikó - - 2008
Oxidative stress is known to play an important role in the pathogenesis of certain severe illnesses in preterm infants. The enzyme heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) participates in cytoprotection against oxygen radical injury. We have previously described the role of HO-1 in physiologic adaptation by demonstrating the induction of HO-1 in healthy ...
van de Weijer-Bergsma Eva - - 2008
A potential mechanism that can explain preterm children's heightened risk for the development of later cognitive and behavioral problems is attention. Attention is the ability of an infant or child to orient to, to shift between and to maintain focus on events, objects, tasks, and problems in the external world, ...
Olafsen Kåre S - - 2008
Mothers' reports of preterm and term infants' temperament from 6 to 12 months of age were studied, with intervention and stress as predictors. Preterm infants with a birth weight <2000g were randomized to an intervention (71) or a control (69) group. A control group of healthy term infants (74) was ...
Bekkali N N Department of Paediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Emma Children's Hospital, Academic Medical Centre, AZ Amsterdam, The Netherlands. - - 2008
First passage of stool after birth, meconium, is delayed in preterm infants compared to term infants. The difference in duration of meconium passage until transition to normal stools has however never been assessed in preterm and term infants. Preterm infants have prolonged duration of passage of meconium (PoM) compared to ...
Riedijk Maaike A - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Optimal nutrition is of utmost importance for the preterm infant's later health and developmental outcome. Amino acid requirements for preterm infants differ from those for term and older infants, because growth rates differ. Some nonessential amino acids, however, cannot be sufficiently synthesized endogenously. Cyst(e)ine is supposed to be such ...
Masumoto Kenichi - - 2008
A recent survey found that approximately 4% of very low birth weight infants in Japan were treated with glucocorticoids postnatally for circulatory collapse thought to be due to late-onset adrenal insufficiency. We identified 11 preterm infants with clinical signs compatible with this diagnosis (hypotension, oliguria, hyponatremia, lung edema, and increased ...
Borna Sedigheh - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Women with preterm labour that is arrested with tocolytic therapy are at increased risk of recurrent preterm labour. The efficacy of maintenance tocolytic therapy after successful arrest of preterm labour remains controversial. AIM: The purpose of this study was to determine whether supplementation of vaginal progesterone after inhibition of ...
Doyle Lex W - - 2008
Cardiopulmonary diseases dominate the early days after birth for very preterm babies, but most survive these disorders. However, a minority who survive remain oxygen-dependent for a prolonged period, including after discharge. For the remaining very preterm survivors, cardiopulmonary problems are not major health issues in early childhood, apart from higher ...
Ruiz R Jeanne - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To examine the Hispanic acculturation paradox by identifying the effect of acculturation on serum progesterone and estriol levels, the progesterone/estriol ratio, and preterm birth. METHODS: We used an observational, prospective design with 468 self-identified, low-income, pregnant Hispanic women. We used the Language Proficiency Subscale (from the Bidimensional Acculturation Scale ...
Estep Meredith - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the integrity of non-nutritive suck (NNS) parameters among three groups of preterm infants ranging from normal to those with progressive degrees of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). STUDY DESIGN: NNS compression waveforms were sampled from 55 infants in the neonatal intensive care unit using a silicone pacifier electronically ...
Guoyang Luo - - 2008
Progesterone supplementation can prevent preterm birth in some high-risk women. Progesterone binds to progesterone receptor (PR) and modulates the expression of target genes. This study investigates the association between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the PR gene and spontaneous preterm birth. DNA was extracted from consecutive patients with preterm birth ...
Goldenberg Robert L - - 2008
This paper is the first in a three-part series on preterm birth, which is the leading cause of perinatal morbidity and mortality in developed countries. Infants are born preterm at less than 37 weeks' gestational age after: (1) spontaneous labour with intact membranes, (2) preterm premature rupture of the membranes ...
Hansen Pupp, Ingrid
The intention of this thesis was to evaluate the effects of inflammation at very preterm birth on subsequent morbidity, as well as on the neuro-protective IGF-system. Prospective clinical studies of very preterm infants constituted a base for the evaluation. Temporal changes in levels of cytokines were chosen as markers of ...
Johanzon Madelene - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether correlations could be found between the onset of preterm delivery and infant outcome, that is, survival and major morbidity. METHODS: The study was a retrospective, hospital-based cohort study. All women with a live fetus on admission, giving birth at 22(+0) to 27(+6) weeks of gestation between ...
Ng Pak Cheung - - 2008
PURPOSE: To establish a normative range of intraocular pressure (IOP) in preterm infants and to identify important perinatal factors that could affect the IOP during the early weeks of neonatal life. METHODS: The IOP of 104 preterm infants, with a median (interquartile range) gestational age of 29.8 (28.7-30.9) weeks and ...
Pattanittum Porjai - - 2008
BACKGROUND: There is strong evidence supporting the use of antenatal corticosteroids in women at risk of preterm birth to promote fetal lung maturation and reduce neonatal mortality and morbidity. This audit aimed to assess the use of antenatal corticosteroids prior to preterm birth in the nine hospitals in four South ...
McIntire Donald D - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To analyze neonatal mortality and morbidity rates at 34, 35, and 36 weeks of gestation compared with births at term over the past 18 years at our hospital and to estimate the magnitude of increased risk associated with late preterm births compared with births later in gestation. METHODS: We ...
Selling Katarina Ekholm - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth and reduced intrauterine growth appear to be related to morbidity in childhood and later adulthood. We studied whether the risk of all-cause hospitalization in adolescence and early adulthood differed between individuals who were born preterm or small for gestational age (SGA) compared with those born at term ...
Haas David M - - 2008
Preterm birth occurs in about 5-10% of all births in resource-rich countries, but in recent years the incidence seems to have increased in some countries, particularly the USA. We found little reliable evidence for incidence in resource-poor countries. The rate in northwestern Ethiopia has been reported to vary from 11-22%, ...
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