Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1551
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Engle William A - - 2008
Delivery of infants who are physiologically mature and capable of successful transition to the extrauterine environment is an important priority for obstetric practitioner. A corollary of this goal is to avoid iatrogenic complications of prematurity and maternal complications from delivery. The purpose of this review is to describe the consequences ...
Deshpande Girish - - 2009
Naloxone is a pure opioid antagonist specifically indicated for respiratory depression due to opioid exposure. There is not enough data on safety of naloxone, especially in extremely preterm neonates. We report the case of a preterm neonate (gestation 27 weeks and 3 days, birth weight 485 g) who developed cardiac ...
Holcberg G - - 2008
The aim of the present study was to examine the effect of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) on the secretion of the pro-inflammatory cytokine interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) and of its natural inhibitor interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra), by perfused human term and preterm placental tissue. Eight term and eight preterm placentae were collected immediately after ...
Finken M J J - - 2008
BACKGROUND: A single course of maternal glucocorticoid treatment is effective in reducing neonatal mortality after preterm birth. However, in animals, maternal glucocorticoid treatment is associated with lifelong hyperglycaemia and hypertension, and impaired nephrogenesis in offspring. Findings from studies in humans on this topic are highly contradictory due to a number ...
Kam K Y Ronald - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth is the major cause of perinatal mortality and morbidity in the developed world. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to establish the importance of preterm birth and the huge healthcare costs involved and review the pathophysiology of preterm labor and the use of antepartum glucocorticoids, which ...
Skogstrand Kristin - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate fetal or neonatal inflammatory patterns based on 25 inflammatory markers in neonatal dried blood spots samples from infants born preterm and term, collected several days after birth. METHODS: Dried blood spots samples from 160 neonates were analyzed for 25 inflammatory markers using multiplex technology: 26 neonates born ...
Medina Marcela - - 2009
AIM AND METHOD: To identify Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) endocervical infection among gestations at risk for preterm birth by means of DNA amplification. RESULTS: One hundred fifty eight (n = 158) gestations of Guayaquil (63.3%) and Quito (36.7%) Ecuador, at risk for preterm birth: threatened preterm labor (TPL, 60.8%) and preterm ...
Lindner U - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Improved standards of perinatal care for preterm infants led to decreased hospital mortality rates during the past decade. However, studies investigating changes in drug utilisation in neonatal intensive care units (NICU) during this period are missing. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study therefore was to evaluate the most ...
Bonamy Anna-Karin Edstedt - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Low birthweight, either as a result of poor foetal growth or preterm birth, is a risk factor for stroke in adult life. Carotid stiffening, an early marker of atheromatous disease, has been found in low-birthweight children born at term. We hypothesized that carotid artery growth and dynamic ...
Janvier Annie - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Recommendations from national bodies regarding extremely preterm infants have focussed almost exclusively on thresholds for intervention based upon estimated gestational age (GA) alone. METHODS: We reviewed policy statements that address active intervention for newborn infants and compare them with those that are available for older patients. We reviewed research, ...
Allen Marilee C - - 2008
Preterm birth is emerging as a major public health problem in the USA. Improvements in preterm birth and survival rates translate to increasing numbers of preterm survivors, and many develop motor, cognitive and sensory impairments. The review discusses the recently reported prevalence of neurodevelopmental disabilities in preterm survivors, in addition ...
Ibrahim C P Hafis - - 2008
PURPOSE: Hypotension is a frequent occurrence in sick preterm neonates. It is important to appropriately recognise and treat hypotension in preterm infants due to the possible association with short and long term adverse outcomes. SEARCH STRATEGY: An extensive search for relevant articles was carried out on PubMed, Embase and Cochrane ...
Zeitlin Jennifer J Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, INSERM, UMR S149, Epidemiological Research Unit on Perinatal and Women's Health, and Université Pierre et Marie Curie-Paris6, Paris, France. - - 2008
Advances in perinatal medicine increased survival after very preterm birth in all countries, but comparative population-based data on these births are not readily available. This analysis contrasts the rates and short-term outcome of live births before 32 weeks of gestation in 10 European regions. The Models of Organizing Access to ...
Chyi Lisa J - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Because limited long-term outcome data exist for infants born at 32 to 36 weeks gestation, we compared school outcomes between 32- to 33-week moderate preterm (MP), 34-36 week late preterm (LP) and full-term (FT) infants. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 970 preterm infants and 13 671 FT control subjects ...
Im Hyesang - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Touching, one of the most developed senses, is proven to relax preterm infants. Yakson is a Korean touching method for healing and relaxation similar to Gentle Human Touch (GHT), which is used in the United States. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to test the effect of Yakson ...
Toledo A M - - 2008
This longitudinal study investigated the development of reaching behavior in the seated position in preterm infants at the ages of 5-7 months by analyzing kinematic variables (straightness and adjustment indexes, movement unit, mean and final velocities). The correlation between kinematic variables and grasping was verified. The participants were nine low-risk ...
Buhimschi Catalin S - - 2008
Premature birth before 37 weeks of gestation is a significant public health problem. Each year, 4.5 million premature infants are born worldwide. Despite extensive research and a variety of interventions, the rate of preterm birth has steadily increased over the past 20 years and reached a high of 12.8% in ...
Karlica Dobrila - - 2008
The aim of the study was to determine the incidence of strabismus in preterm infants born between 2002 and 2005 in Split-Dalmatia County, and to compare it with term infants. Data were collected from Department of Public Health, Split-Dalmatia County and Strabology Outpatient Department, University Department of Ophthalmology, Split University ...
Ananth Cande V - - 2008
Preterm birth complicates over 500,000 births annually, affecting 12.5% of pregnancies in the United States. Much of the temporal increase in preterm birth (<37 weeks) over the past decade is largely driven by a concurrent temporal increase in medically indicated preterm birth. Maternal and fetal indications that prompt an intervention ...
Sullivan Mary C - - 2008
Developmental Origins Theory has received little coverage in the nursing literature, even though it has received much attention in other sciences. The theory proposes that prenatal stress provokes adaptive changes in endocrine and metabolic processes that become permanently programmed and impact later adult health. This paper reviews the theory and ...
Sullivan Mary C - - 2008
Birth weight often is used to predict how preterm infants will grow, but scant attention has been paid to the effect of neonatal morbidities on growth trajectories. We investigated birth weight and neonatal morbidity in preterm infants' growth to age 12 years. A five-group, prospective, longitudinal study was conducted with ...
Farkas Ildikó - - 2008
Oxidative stress is known to play an important role in the pathogenesis of certain severe illnesses in preterm infants. The enzyme heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) participates in cytoprotection against oxygen radical injury. We have previously described the role of HO-1 in physiologic adaptation by demonstrating the induction of HO-1 in healthy ...
van de Weijer-Bergsma Eva - - 2008
A potential mechanism that can explain preterm children's heightened risk for the development of later cognitive and behavioral problems is attention. Attention is the ability of an infant or child to orient to, to shift between and to maintain focus on events, objects, tasks, and problems in the external world, ...
Olafsen Kåre S - - 2008
Mothers' reports of preterm and term infants' temperament from 6 to 12 months of age were studied, with intervention and stress as predictors. Preterm infants with a birth weight <2000g were randomized to an intervention (71) or a control (69) group. A control group of healthy term infants (74) was ...
Bekkali N - - 2008
BACKGROUND: First passage of stool after birth, meconium, is delayed in preterm infants compared to term infants. The difference in duration of meconium passage until transition to normal stools has however never been assessed in preterm and term infants. Hypothesis: Preterm infants have prolonged duration of passage of meconium (PoM) ...
Riedijk Maaike A - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Optimal nutrition is of utmost importance for the preterm infant's later health and developmental outcome. Amino acid requirements for preterm infants differ from those for term and older infants, because growth rates differ. Some nonessential amino acids, however, cannot be sufficiently synthesized endogenously. Cyst(e)ine is supposed to be such ...
Masumoto Kenichi - - 2008
A recent survey found that approximately 4% of very low birth weight infants in Japan were treated with glucocorticoids postnatally for circulatory collapse thought to be due to late-onset adrenal insufficiency. We identified 11 preterm infants with clinical signs compatible with this diagnosis (hypotension, oliguria, hyponatremia, lung edema, and increased ...
Borna Sedigheh - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Women with preterm labour that is arrested with tocolytic therapy are at increased risk of recurrent preterm labour. The efficacy of maintenance tocolytic therapy after successful arrest of preterm labour remains controversial. AIM: The purpose of this study was to determine whether supplementation of vaginal progesterone after inhibition of ...
Doyle Lex W - - 2008
Cardiopulmonary diseases dominate the early days after birth for very preterm babies, but most survive these disorders. However, a minority who survive remain oxygen-dependent for a prolonged period, including after discharge. For the remaining very preterm survivors, cardiopulmonary problems are not major health issues in early childhood, apart from higher ...
Ruiz R Jeanne - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To examine the Hispanic acculturation paradox by identifying the effect of acculturation on serum progesterone and estriol levels, the progesterone/estriol ratio, and preterm birth. METHODS: We used an observational, prospective design with 468 self-identified, low-income, pregnant Hispanic women. We used the Language Proficiency Subscale (from the Bidimensional Acculturation Scale ...
Estep Meredith - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the integrity of non-nutritive suck (NNS) parameters among three groups of preterm infants ranging from normal to those with progressive degrees of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). STUDY DESIGN: NNS compression waveforms were sampled from 55 infants in the neonatal intensive care unit using a silicone pacifier electronically ...
Guoyang Luo - - 2008
Progesterone supplementation can prevent preterm birth in some high-risk women. Progesterone binds to progesterone receptor (PR) and modulates the expression of target genes. This study investigates the association between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the PR gene and spontaneous preterm birth. DNA was extracted from consecutive patients with preterm birth ...
Goldenberg Robert L - - 2008
This paper is the first in a three-part series on preterm birth, which is the leading cause of perinatal morbidity and mortality in developed countries. Infants are born preterm at less than 37 weeks' gestational age after: (1) spontaneous labour with intact membranes, (2) preterm premature rupture of the membranes ...
Hansen Pupp, Ingrid
The intention of this thesis was to evaluate the effects of inflammation at very preterm birth on subsequent morbidity, as well as on the neuro-protective IGF-system. Prospective clinical studies of very preterm infants constituted a base for the evaluation. Temporal changes in levels of cytokines were chosen as markers of ...
Johanzon Madelene - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether correlations could be found between the onset of preterm delivery and infant outcome, that is, survival and major morbidity. METHODS: The study was a retrospective, hospital-based cohort study. All women with a live fetus on admission, giving birth at 22(+0) to 27(+6) weeks of gestation between ...
Ng Pak Cheung - - 2008
PURPOSE: To establish a normative range of intraocular pressure (IOP) in preterm infants and to identify important perinatal factors that could affect the IOP during the early weeks of neonatal life. METHODS: The IOP of 104 preterm infants, with a median (interquartile range) gestational age of 29.8 (28.7-30.9) weeks and ...
Pattanittum Porjai - - 2008
BACKGROUND: There is strong evidence supporting the use of antenatal corticosteroids in women at risk of preterm birth to promote fetal lung maturation and reduce neonatal mortality and morbidity. This audit aimed to assess the use of antenatal corticosteroids prior to preterm birth in the nine hospitals in four South ...
Manfredi C - - 2008
With the increased survival of very preterm infants, there is a growing concern for their developmental outcomes. Infant cry characteristics reflect the development and possibly the integrity of the central nervous system. In this paper, relationships between fundamental frequency (F(0)) and vocal tract resonance frequencies (F(1)-F(3)) are investigated for a ...
McIntire Donald D - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To analyze neonatal mortality and morbidity rates at 34, 35, and 36 weeks of gestation compared with births at term over the past 18 years at our hospital and to estimate the magnitude of increased risk associated with late preterm births compared with births later in gestation. METHODS: We ...
Selling Katarina Ekholm - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth and reduced intrauterine growth appear to be related to morbidity in childhood and later adulthood. We studied whether the risk of all-cause hospitalization in adolescence and early adulthood differed between individuals who were born preterm or small for gestational age (SGA) compared with those born at term ...
Haas David M - - 2008
Preterm birth occurs in about 5-10% of all births in resource-rich countries, but in recent years the incidence seems to have increased in some countries, particularly the USA. We found little reliable evidence for incidence in resource-poor countries. The rate in northwestern Ethiopia has been reported to vary from 11-22%, ...
Slattery Michael M - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the obstetric antecedents for preterm delivery (PTD) in an Irish urban obstetric population, and to evaluate the incidence and outcome of such deliveries. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective observational study of all preterm deliveries at the Rotunda Hospital, Dublin during the six-year period 1997-2002. The findings for early ...
Dani Carlo - - 2008
Many authors have hypothesized that inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) might acutely improve oxygenation in preterm neonates with infant respiratory distress syndrome (iRDS) and decrease the risk of bronchopulmonary dysplasia. The studies on the effects of iNO in preterm infants with iRDS have given contradictory results. We report their main methodological ...
Pawlowski M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: A high percentage of preterm neonates are born small for gestational age (SGA). These children show a high morbidity and mortality after birth and often develop insulin resistance with ensuing impaired glucose metabolism in adulthood. Since insulin is important for intrauterine growth, fetal insulin resistance might also influence birth ...
Stumm Susan - - 2008
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: Suck development is a challenging hurdle for preterm infants who endure an extensive oxygen history due to respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). The fine structure of the non-nutritive suck (NNS) was studied in preterm infants according to RDS severity. DESIGN AND METHODS: Recordings of NNS were completed cribside ...
Zylinska Ludmila - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Magnesium is required for the proper activity of many metabolic pathways in every cell type. Mg deficiency gives rise to preterm birth and low body weight that are associated with pathological circumstances, including disturbed ions homeostasis and insufficient antioxidant protection. Antenatal MgSO(4) treatment has been reported to exhibit a ...
Menon Ramkumar - - 2008
Preterm labor leading to preterm delivery (<37 weeks' gestation) affects approximately 5-7% of live births in developed countries, but significantly higher in developing countries. Prematurity due to preterm birth (PTB) accounts for around 28% of neonatal mortality worldwide. Approximately 45-50% of PTBs are idiopathic or spontaneous, 30% are related to ...
Heimonen Aura - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: It has been suggested that poor oral health and periodontal disease, in particular, associate with adverse birth outcomes. However, previous reports on the topic are conflicting. The objective of the present cross-sectional study was therefore to compare the oral health parameters of a racially and socio-economically homogeneous group of ...
Morken Nils-Halvdan - - 2008
BACKGROUND: International comparison and time trend surveillance of preterm delivery rates is complex. New techniques that could facilitate interpretation of such rates are needed. METHODS: We studied all live births and stillbirths (>or= 28 weeks gestation) registered in the medical birth registers in Sweden, Denmark and Norway from 1995 through ...
Gray R - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The preterm birth rate in Scotland has been increasing in recent years. Although preterm birth rates show a social gradient, it is unclear how this gradient has been affected by the overall increase. We examined time trends in singleton live preterm birth rates in relation to area-based socio-economic indicators. ...
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